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The Connecticut labor press. (New Haven, Conn.) 191?-1921, August 14, 1920, Image 1

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and State
' Labor
Organized Labor Bitterly Resents
Action of United States Cham
ber of Commerce in Lining Up
for Support of Industrial En
slavement Program ' Running
True tovForm," Says Secretary
Frank Morrison.
The Connecticut Federation of Labor
and the Connecticut State Building
Trades Council are energetically com
batting the great open shop move
ment which' has taken on such definite
form within this state of late and every
effort is being made to acquaint the
rank and file of the membership to the
necessity of giving their organizations
every possible supoprt.
If there was ever "a time when soli
darity in - the Laber movement was
necessary it is at present for there is
every evidence that the powerful com
binations among the employer? are
ready to take advantage of the nation
.wide movement to eliminate the trade
union movement, if possible, or if its
total destruction is not possible, then to
so cripple it that its power will be neg
; ligible. ,
Frank Morrison, secretary of the
American Federation of Labor, is
quoted most interestingly on the atti
tude of the Chamber of Commerce of
,the United States on the endorsement
o.f the open shop, individual contract
industrial program of that body, by
Laurence Todd, Washington correspon-
. dent for numerous Labor papers, in a
recent interview.
"The Chamber of Commerce ofthe
United States is running true to form,"
said Secretary Morrison. "Their
declaration that the employers have a
right to run a non-union shop will not
stem the tide of the wage workers'
movement nor prevent the workers
from carrying to success tneir program
of securing joint conditions through
collective bargaining."
The Chamber of Commerce of the
United States, dominated by the big
banking, meat packing, oil, shipping and
other billionaire groups, has voted by
majorities of about 1,675 to 2 or 3 or 4 j
for the s whole reactionary laDor
scheme framed up by its industrial rela
tion committee, of which Frederick J.
Koster of the San Francisco Chamber
of Commerce, once dispenser of the
"million-dollar slush fund ' in that city,
is vice-chairman.
And by a separate referendum it has
endorsed, by 1,564 to 97, this proposi
tion "That strikes by employes of all
jmblic service Corporations performing
public service essential to the lives,
health, securitvi comfort and well-be
ing of the people should by law be ex
nlicitlv prohibited.",
By 1,571 to 100 it has adopted this
one "That suitable tribunals should
be created by law to- abjudicate differ
ences between the employes oi pupiic
service corporations and their employ
' ers, and that the decisions of such
tribunals should be final and binding
iinnn both parties.
There is the complete industrial en
slavement program, almost identically
as presented to the President's indus
trial rnnference last October by the
more rabid of the associations of em
ployers. The significance of the vote
bv the Chamber ot commerce is mat
the merchants in an cities oi me coun
try have been put on record as sup
porting each other m y measures
that may be worked out by the street
railway and. gas ana electrrc-compames
the factories and other business enter
rises for breaking the labor move-
- ment. Merchants control advertising;
advertising controls the policy of news
papers, especially in imes when banks
are refusing to make' loans, we may
evnect a steadv increase of control of
the news columns of the daily press by
the orcranized anti-labor forces. News
encouraging to the labor movement is
going to be given the small headline and
the inside page, when the full effect of
this- big business referendum is felt in
the industrial states.
The names of the committee .which
framed the anti-strike and industrial
court propositions quoted above are
themselves eloquent of the careful
. preparation made for this anti-labor
propaganda. Lewis E. Pierson of the
Irving National bank, New York, is
chairman. The others are Henry G.
Bradlee, president of Stone SWebster,
the traction power and engineering syn
dicate of Boston; Arthur W. Brady,
president of the Union Traction Com
pany, Anderson, Ind.; F. B. DeBerard,
director of research, New York Mer
chants' Association, the body which has
been fighting for the open shop in New
York City teaming and dock .work ; Al
bert W. Harris, president of the Har
ris Trust & pavings bank, Chicago;
Charles L. Harrison, director of the
Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce;
John W. Lieb, vice-president of the
New York Edison Company; H. I.
McCune, a corporation lawyer of Kan
sas City; John W. Van Allen, a cor
poration lawyer of Buffalo, and Paul
N. Myers, president of the St. Paul
Association of Public and Business
In St." Paul, at least, it appears that
big business is willing to frankly con
fess that it seeks control of public af
fairs as a means of advancing private
business interests.
Frank Morrison, points out, in a
""magazine article just published, that the
labor movement refuses to concede, that
the so-called public has any intention
of doing. justice to labor when public
authority is exerted to settle or prevent
strikes. What public authority wants
is to get labor to produce more. Once
its supply of manufactured goods is
forthcoming, its interest In industrial
relations is gone. In view of this
axiom, he lays down the rule that or
ganized labor must be its own judge as
to what is a fair day's pay and a fair
day's work, and whether given indus
trial relations are fair enough to jus
tify production. He asks whether, if
one group of men in the community,
however large, shall be able to regulate
by legal opwer the amount of work
which another group may be compelled
to do,, then may not the second group
That's How the Cummins-Esch
Bill Increases Costs Through
This Would Mean an Increased
Burden of $300 a Year to
Each Family. ,
By Charles M. Keixey.
When the Cummins-Esch bill was be
ing considered by Congress. Robert W,
Woolley, member of the Interstate
Commerce Commission, warned the
nation that'if it were enacted it wQjild
result in a'n increase of freight charges
of 25 per cent. Mr. Woolley was con
servative. The increase granted by the
commission of wihch he is a member is
40 per cent The people are called upon
to pay to the railroads directly approxi
mately $1,500,000,000 per year in ad
ditional transportation charges.
In the opinion of competent econom
ists, tsih increase, heavy as it is, should
not, under decent distributive condi
tions, constitute an insupportable bur
den upon the consumers of this coun
try. t$ut, it past practices are con
tinued, it will mean a tax of nearly
$7,000,000,000 which must be carried by
everything that is used by the average
citizen, lhe former director of rail
roads, Walter D. Hines, estimates that
freight rates multiply eight times before
they are finally paid by the consumer,
1 hat. they are eventually paid by th
public no sensible person will attempt
to deny.
If merely the increased rate is itdded
to the public, it will mean that each
average family must be prepared to
take up a new yearly burden of approxi
mately $60. If the ratio suggested by
Mr. Hines is maintained, it means that
each American family must provide at
least $300 with which to pay the heavy
charges that the railroads have de
manded and will receive because Con
gress ignored a fundamental public, in
terest . -
The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion is not censurable for awarding an
increase but it is open to criticism for
making it so high that it is certain to
prove a heavy load for the people. Its
mandate was to provide rates that
would yield an average return of not
less than Syi per cent, on the estimated
value of railroad properties. This value
was placed by the rail executives at
$20,600,000,000. The commission sub
tracted nearly two billions from this
estimate, but it is widely held that the
sum , agreed , upon as a lair value is
greatly in excess of the real value of
the properties. The consuming public is
compelled to pay interest charges on
fictitious capitalization, which now be
comes a constant drain upon the re
sources of the nation.
Iniquity of Legislation.
All these matters Cvere pointed out to
the. public when the transportation bill
was under discussion. Mr. Woolley,
Mr. Hines, and other public-spirited
citizens declared that it was a grievous
and perhaps irremediable- mistake to
turn the roads back to private owner'
ship, when this course implied unneces
sary exploitation of the people: Mr.
Hines gave it as his opinion that a very
modest increase of revenue wouM be
required to maintain the railroads un
der continued federal operation, and
he was sustained by many authorities
who nad jno axes to grind and were
solicitous only that-the public itnerest
should be served and safeguarded.
, Unfortunately, however, Wall street
bankers had a strangle-hold on" Conr
gress,, and the transportation bill, with
its multiplied iniquities and extortions,
was thrust upon the statute books.
Now the people are paying the penalty
in demoralized transportation service,
unprecedentedly high rates and the con
temptuous indifference of railway ex
ecutives. All of which is not condu
cive to the peace, prosperity and well
being of the nation, nor pleasing to its
The rates, high as they are, will
serve as a test of the boasted efficiency
and initiative of private management.
Having received even more than they
requested, the private managers will
now.be compelled to make good, and
no excuses will henceforth be accepted
for failure to meet the public need.
There cannot be cheap transportation,
but the public will expect and has a
right to demand that it be adequate.
There is little likelihood that its ex
pectations will be realized. lhe rail
roads, backed by a safe and sure gov
ernment guarantee, with large grants
of public funds, with complaisant regu
lation and almost sycophantic obedience
from governmen-t officials, have para
lyzed the country's trade and commerce
in the four months of private control.
Coincidentally with the increased rates
with equal justification declare how
much the first group-shall "do? And if
the different bodies of citizens are to
dictate a fair day's work in this fash
ion, is it not possblf. that that small
minority which naptries to dictate to
the masses, be drctatd to in its turn,
wtih embarrassing results?
That's the drift of Morrison s argu
ment. Uf course the Chamber of (om-
ferce of the United States, high and
mighty in its pride, would laugh at
the suggestion that organized labor
may sometime regulate tne goinng
hours and the vacation period of
Messrs. Koster, DeBerard, Pierson and
, r i f - r .1
ttieir irienus. I ci me logic oi irieir
open shop policy is to bring a final
struggle for supremacy, in which the
organized majority stands to win over
the "organized minority.
A signed statement by Amos
Pinchot, one of the leaders in the
Committe of Forty-Eight, sums
up the action of the convention
recently held in Chicago, as fol
lows: - -
"A great opportunity has been
lost. , But the world is not going
to the devil because of a few
hundred peole, differing as
widely as the ri1es, met in Chi
cago for- a few days and then
went on thr opposite and ir
reconcilable courses. It was a
blunder, in .fact a fiasco, whose
humorous side would stand out
if it were not for its real trag
edy. We forty-eighters failed to
found a new party because we
fell down completely in our
judgment of the situation. We
did not realize until too late that
the men who controlled the labor
party, with which we proposed to
join, were not bent on a new
people's party, drawing from the
whole American public, but on a
trades union party with two
specific purposes :' (1) to spread
British , guild Socialism in the
United States, and (2) to de
stroy Gorhpers' leadership in the
American Federation of Labor by
coaxing his followers away from
him into a party, the formation
of which Sam had bitterly de
nounced. '
Organization ThatHad Charter
Suspended Trying to Estab
lish Locals in the State.
An effort is being made by Steam
Shovel and Dredgemen's International
Uniort to put a charter into Hartford
and, presumably, into some other parts
of the state. It is well for those ap
proached for membership to remember
that this is a dual organization, its char
ter having been suspended at the At
lantic City convention of the A. F. of
L. for refusal to affiliate with the In
ternational Union of Steam and Operat
ing Engineers of whkh Local 478,
Hoisting, Portable av-ti v&tea.nf Shovel
Engineers, is affjliate ,
According to""4 'reports received the
project is not making a great deal of
headway in Hartford and as Local 478
is well organized in the state and affili
ated withfjthe A.F.-of X;'the new' body
will not he liable to be extremely suc
Hartford, Aug. 13. Thomas O'Brien,
George E.- Parsons and Thomas Rus
sell have been elected to represent Local
No.'43, United Brotherhood of Carpen
ters and Joiners, at the annual general
convention of that organization at In
dianapolis, opening the first week in
Steptember and continuing for two
Louisville. Ky., Aug. 13. After a
month's strike organized carpenters
won . their demand for higher wages.
Former rates of $1 an hour are now
Faribault, Minn., Aug. 13. Carpen
ters in this city have forced an aban
donment of the 10-hour day. The work
day is now nine hours. Wages are ad
vanced from 60 cents an hour to 80
new embargoes were placed, and today
but a small percentage of available traf
fic is being handled. The result is
closed mills and idle workers and a
doleful outlook for the coming winter.
T a- i t r ,
private ownersnip nas iaiiea in every
test made of it, and only the most
optimistic advocate of tbte status quo
can hope that there will be any appreci
able improvement until an obsolete and
unsatisfactory system has been rele
gated to the limbo of forgotten things.
New Plight of Railroads.
Were, higher rates- all that were re
quired to enable the railroads to func
tion efficiently, it might be said that
they have now- passed through their
most rrcritical period. But higher rates
are not the panacea for transportation
problems. It frequently happens that
they defeat their intended purpose by
restricting instead of increasing in
come. The railroads are now operating on a
basis of diminishing returns. Witnesses
before the Interstate Commerce Com
mission, representing large industries,
solemnly warned the members that if
the railroad demands were granted it
would be necessary to close down many
factories because of inability to market
their products. They were discussing a
25 ffcr cent, increase and its possibil
ities. - What a 40 per cent, raise will
mean to them may easily be imagined.
Many commodities, with the new
rates superimposed, will go beyond
reach of the buying public. This will
be reflected in decreased traffic, which
in turn will mean lower operating
revenues. That can mean but two
things to the railroads insolvency and
liquidation. It is the conservatue opin
ion of many students of railroad
economics that during the next six or
eight months many railroads will be
compelled to apply for receiverships,
and that, naturally, will mean a con
dition more serious than already pre
Obviously, the railroads are living
only for the hour. Thev are giving no
thought to the future. They are fol
lowing literally the biblical injunction
not to give heed to what they shall eat
or . what they shall wear, for tomorrow,
or the day after, they will be dead.
1 hey cannot survive with the financial
tonics that were liberally supplied by
complaisant Congress. Their malady
s too deeply-seated to be reached by
such superficial remedies. They have a
fatal cancer that is slowly but surely
(Continued on Eighth page.)
Spite of His Efforts Trades
Council Outing Proves a
Rousing Success.
New Haveners Set New Pace as
Sightseers at That
Popular Resort.
Old Man Jinx must have had an idea
that Thursday was Friday the 13th for
he got up early and set to work to out
the Coney Island excursion of the New
Haven Trades Council on the blink.
He didn't realize what a determined
bunch he was up against, however, and
when the bell sounded Old Man Jinx
was down, taking the count and the
excursion was-being declared the best
that ever went out of New Haven.
lhere were approximately 2.200
people aboard the steamer when she
started out about 8 :30 a. m. and everv
one of the 2,200 had the time of their
Chairman of Arrangement Contmittee.
lives but it wasn't any fault of the
aforesaid Old Man J inx that it wasn't
just the reverse and the committee and
its eaergetic .helpers deserve the high
est praise tor meeting the situation as
they did and overcoming all obstacles
1 he trouble (began the night before
when, at the last minute the Weidemann
Brewery notified the committee that it
could not fulfill its agreement to supply
tne near beer tor the occasion. The
committee sent out an S. O. S. to "Joe"
Weibel of tfie Weibel Brewing Com
pany and Mr. Weibel said he d do most
anything for the New Haven Trades
Council and proceeded to prove it by
quitting a reception being held at hi
home and getting onto the job with the
result that after strenuous effort on the
Chief of Police for the Day.
part of the Weibel forces the beverages
was landed at the dock in plenty of
time to be loaded.
Then, when the boat arrived at City
dock, Wednesday night, it was found
that the water pipes were broken and
the only place at which a supply could
be obtained was 'at another dock some
distance away. This dock was blocked
by two "big scows which wouldn't be
unloaded before 4 a. m. the next morn
ing. The crew; of the steamer refused
to get up before 9ix although they were
offered triple time for their extra time
if they would.
At 8 o'clock, half an houe before the
advertised starting time, the crowd be
gan to arrive. Meanwhile the steamer
was at the other dock getting water
and while she was steaming back the
crowd grew larger and larger. By the
time she docked there was a jam and
handling the crowd for embarkation
was SOME job. Everybody acted as
though they were afraid they were go
ing to be left behind and that they all
expected a mighty good time was evi
denced by the determination they dis
played to get aboard.
Frank A. Fitzgerald, business agent of
the Hoisting and Portable Engineers,
who had been appointed chief of police
for the da3 together with President
Ornburn of the Trades. Council, who is
somewhat husky himself; John Dunn,
another heavyweight, and others of the
staff, had their hands full in keeping
the crowd in order and getting it safe
ly aboard. The task was finally ac
complished, however, and then Old Man
Jinx threw up both hands and went
down and out. He was left unconsci
ous on the dock as the steamer sailed
Everything was lovely from that
time on. The sail was delightful and
the dancing accommodations were ex
cellent. Music was supplied by
O'Keefe's orchestra and this part of the
program was immensely enjoyed. Ev
erybody was good'natured and the dis
order which so often makes its an-
i .. i
I . ". A 1
His Nomination, for . Senator in
the Eighth District Now
Considered Assured.
There is one man, at least, that Or
ganized Labor in New Haven is deter
mined to see clad in the senatorial toga.
He is, of course, Patrick F. O'Meara,
prominently mentioned, as. nominee of
the democratic party in the Eighth dis
trict. " His friends are working for
him diligently and his nomination is
considered sure.
It is also believed that hard work
will assure his election. The Eighth
district includes Wards Eight, Nine,
Twelve and Fourteen, all, with the ex
ception of . Ward Twelve, normally re
publican. Therefore it will be up to
Ward Twelve to poll a big vote for Mr.
O'Meara and there is no doubt but that
it will do so.
There every reason to believe, too,
mat a iot oi republicans who are I
staunch admirers of Mr. OMeara's '
tearless and honest course as head of
the Labor .movement in New Haven
ifor so many years, and later as head of
the state federation, will cast their vote
for him in all the wards.
Four years ago Stephen B. Whitnev
was electedto the senate on the demo-
i cratic ticket from this district and there
is every reason to believe that Mr.
O'Meara will be elected by a handsome
Represent Metal Polishers.
At the last meeting of the New Ha
ven Trades Council the following dele
gates were reported as appointed from
the Metal Polishers, Local No. 25:
Frank J. Rourke, George J. Keppler,
James r. bevme, Milton Woods and
T. P. McCabe.
Frank A. Fitzgerald of New Haven,
member of the International Union of
Steam and Operating Engineers' board
of trustees leaves for Chicago today
to attend the regular- meeting of that
board. He will be absent a week.
Atlantic City, N. J., Aug. 13.-Repre-sentatives
of the American Flint Glass
Workers' union and glass manufactur
ers have agreed to substantial wage in
creases. pearance on excursions' was. absent. At
the 'Siighiest sign of Its possible de
velopment Chief "Fitz" was rierht on
the job tind the dove of peace hovered
at the masthead all through the trip.
lhe crowd had two hours at Coney
Island and the Coney Islanders are still
talking about the way tiose New Ha
ven people covered ground at that pop
uar resort. They saw more, did more
and had more ,fun there in that two
hours than the average New Yorker
gets out of Coney in an entire, season.
1 here were 340 of the excursionists
who liked it so well that they were
still there" when the boat sailed al
though it was held 20 minutes for. their
return. .
The boat docked from the return
trip at 11:30 last night and a tired
but happy and enthusiastic crowd wend
ed its way homeward, loud in its praises
of the New Haven Trades Council as an
excursion promoter. 'The crowd, too,
came in for its meed of praise, for the
captain of the boat, together with offi
cers vand crew, expressed the opinion
that its, was the best natured and best
behaved crowd the boat ever carried.
It is too ear.ly to tell just how much
was realized from the excursion for the
Labor Temple Building Fund, for
which it was held, but it "is expected
that a tidy sum will be added to the
fund from the proceeds.
Success for the non-partisan political campaign oi the American
Federation of Labor offers to the American people their only opportunity
to rid themselves of congressional reaction. It is their only chance to
put progress into congress.
We have seen what it means to
senate and house. We have seen too much of it.
We" have paid the penalty.
We have had the high cost o.f living we still have it. We have had
the Cummins-Esch railroad bill it is with us today. We have had con
gressional encouragement of the methods of Palmer and Burleson. We
have had a high and lofty defiance of the masses of the people, a finished
product of the oligarchical mind if ever there was one.
We have had too many abuses to catalog here. Get and read the
literature published by the A. F. of L. national non-partisan political
campaign committee.
By their records you shal know
partisan campaign.
Records count. Promises are no good unless there are faithful
records of service back of them. Flim-flam is worthless in this fight.
Likewise, we are not looking at party labels. The workers are organ
ized to support faithful candidates, regardless of labels.
It gets no man anything now to call himself Democrat or Repub
lican and expect votes for that. It's the record that turns the scales.
It's the record that counts. WHAT DOES'THE RECORD SAY?
Millions of men and women are organized and organizing to work
and vote for honesty and progress in political life.
They intend, to vote on FACTS.
Woe to the candidate who tries to cover a shady record with bunk
and hokum.
No counterfeit passes this time !
No political movement in American life has developed more enthusi
asm than labor's great struggle of 1920.
That is because it is an honest movement of the masses for truth
and justice and democratic progress.
That is why it takes literature by the millions of pieces to supply
the demand.
That is why bands of four-minute speakers are taking the field
That is why politicians are worried.
Every American worker has a stake in this campaign." No Ameri
can worker can afford to withhold his share of effort.
Get into the campaign. Get into the fight. It is as big in the
village as in the city, as vital to the country as to the metropolis.
It is everybody's fight for a government that will represent the
American people all the way through.
'That kind of a fight is too big and too good for any worker to stay
out of !
FOR 1-Gi..
ivvunnu uuuu
Wage Earners Continue C
Victims but All Tenants
Suffer More or Less.
f Predicted Increase in Taxation
the Excuse for Another Ex
cess Gouge This Fall.
Now that Fall approaches the rent
payer is again feeling- the heavv hand
of the landlord and, as usual, the bur
den falls most heavjly upon the should
ers ot the workingmen. Many instances
have been reported of substantial ad
vances in rent being called for for the
first of September and the tenant has
practically no alternative but to "come
ft Tfl 1. -.
across. ii ne aoesn t nice it ne must
move but, as in the recent past, there is
usually no place to move to and if he
does move the conditions are no better.
The announcement of a coming in
crease in the tax list in New Haven has
given the landlords new impetus for in
creased charges and while the increases
may be justified in some instances it is
safe to say that m the majority .of
"cases the landlords already had the rent
shoved up high enough to take care of
any possible increase in tax rate that
might come in the next 10 years.
As for repairs the tenant who has the
temerity to ask for them is considered
either insane or a harmless joke. The
tenant who insists upon them is liable to
be put out into the. street unless he has
a lease. In some other states some
thing has been done to regulate rapaci
ous landlords to some extent but noth
ing has been accomplished in that direc
tion in Connecticut and nothing will be
until the working people elect a Legis
lature which 'is not tied up to interests
unalterably opposed to such regulation.
Relief from increased housing facil
ities does not appear to be a possibility
of the near future. A dispatch from
Washington states that during the lat
ter part of last year and the early
months of this year lumber prices in the
United States increased more sharply
and to far higher points than were ever
known before, says the forest service of
the department of agriculture.
Present prices, though "somewhat low
er, are still excessive and yield "profits
unjustified by costs," it is stated.
Lumber prices do not tell the whole
story, says the report. The depletion
of the lumber supply, the failure to
plant trees, and forest fires are also
factors. Added to these are the diffi
culty in securing material, all of which
maizes the construction of a home at the
present time highly uncertain and a
speculative venture that is out of the
reach of large numbers of people.
" It is stated that in 1919 only 79,000
houses were built when 500,000 were
required to meet the demand.
Credentials for delegates to the New
Haven Trades Council from the Team-
sters ana nauneurs xcai uu, ,
presented at the last meeting as fol-
. -i rr y T 1 . r OT
lows: luwi ciiie ioiv. mui 1 13 ""'i
othv Calla- I
y !
Daniel Cavanaugh and Tim
have, reaction
enthroned in the
That is the heart of the non-
President O'Meara of Connecti
cut Federation of Labor Says
Preliminary Work in Non
partisan Movement Is Being
Vigorously Pushed Through
out State and Nation.
Patrick F. O'Meara, president of the
Connecticut Federation of Labor and
chairman of the State Central Com-
t mittee in charge of the A. F. of L. non-
F on . 1."! 1 . r
puiiucan movement, lniormed "
a representative of The Connecticut
Labor -Pess, yesterday, that the cam
paign was being vigorqusly pushed all
over the state. , "
Th opportunity to register for the,
primaries, a most important sten in the
proceedings, closed so far as New Ha
ven i concerned, last night, with the
final session of the registrars of voters
for that purpose in the different wards.
President O'Meara said that much had
been accomplished in that direction in
New Haven, a large number of Labor
men and their friends having been en
rolled for the- primaries where their
vote may be expected to help nominate
men who are friendly to the cause.
i he dates of the primaries are set
by the registrars of voters for the par
ties and will be announced later. It is
highly important that every man reg
istered for the primaries shall be pres
ent and support the nomination of the
right man, for that is where the battle
really begins.
Ihis preliminary work'is being vigor
ously pushed all over the state and
Literature has been and is being '
distributed by the hundreds of thouT
sands of pieces : the demands exceed the
supply," says the A. F. of L. national
non-partisan political campaign com
mittee, in a circular to members of or
ganized labor on the need for financial
contributions to carry on the trade
union non-partisan campaign.
Already fruits of the struggle have
been harvested," says the national com
mfttee. "EneHiies have, been defeated;
friends have been assist d.
Ninty-six thousand votes were cast
against Senator Cummins in his own
party primary. Senator Underwood
escaped in the primary of his party with
only a handful' of - votes. Normally
these men would have, enormous plural
ities. 1 -
In xther states and congressional dis-
tricts there have been clean-cut victories
for labor and progress.
"And now we reach a .state where
additional financial help must be had.
The amount of money received and (ex
pended thus far is surprisingly small
out of all proportion to the work done
and the results achieved.
"The initial request was for but a
nominal amount. The response was all
that was expected.
"But the work goes on. Time flies.
The crisis approaches. We are headed
into the current of the main campaign.
Our effort must increase with each day.
The army of volunteers must be sup
plied with material. The voters must
be informed.
"Organizations of workers and in
dividuals are asked to contribute nqw
and with as much generosity as may be
possible. Thestruggle cannot Jbe post
poned ; it is on and we must make our
fight now. ' '
"Contribute today. Help in the spirit
of . the fight for human freedom and
progress. -
Send all contributions to Frank Mor-
n"son, A. F. of L, building. Washington,
R Q wnQ wi, A
,l i c u : -
tne c'ose ihe campaign an itemized
statement of all of the receipts and ex
penditures will be printed and forward
ed to each contributor."
It is expected that the response to ,
the above appeal with accord with la
bor's nation-wide enthusiasm and de
termination to defeat itsVenemies and
elect friends. This enthusiasm is not
V of the torch-light parade variety, but is
ot the kind indicated by a committee
man from one of -the southwestern
states, where nomination is equivalent
to election, who informed the national
committee that in their recent primaries,
they "only" nominated the county
judge, county treasurer, the state sen
ator and two members of the state
legislature who are pledged to legisla
tion that harmonizes with American
"The 'boys' are not discouraged,
however, and they are determined to
clean the slate next time," said this
writer, who indicated that the unionists
of that country are after 100 per cent,
This enthusiasm is also shown by la
bor's demand for literature. Bundles
of literature on various questions are
given wide circulation by the national
committee. Distribution of the pam
phlet by Presdent Gompers, entitled
"Labor's Protest Against a Rampant
Tragedy," which treats "of profiteering
and labor's remedy for same, is now
reaching the half-million mark. m
It is this enthusiasm and determina
tion that justifies the national commit
tee in its statement:
''This is a great struggle for the
rights, and liberties of the masses of
orr pt-fle a struggle for the triumph
of -justi
Topeka, Kan., Aug. 13. Labor's non
partisan activity is worrying politicians,
who are having their slates smashed by
workers taking an actve part in the
primaries. A movement has been start
ed to abolish the primary method, and
the workers are now pledging candi
dates for the legislature against the
Fort Smith, Ark Aug. 13. A state
board has set the weekly wage of ex
perienced female clerks in this city at
$13.25, and inexperienced female clerks
at $11. The new rates become effective
September 1. It was shown that the
average weekly wage of these women is
$7.50. -

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