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The Connecticut labor press. (New Haven, Conn.) 191?-1921, August 21, 1920, Image 4

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THE CONNECTICUT LABOR PRESS
THE CONNECTICUT LABOR PRESS
A NEWSPAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
:l v Published by Connecticut Labor Press Company
286-288 York Street, New Haven, Conn.
Telephone Colony 1082.
Entered as second class matter December 2, 1916, at the postoffice at New
. Haven, Conn., under act of March 3, 1879.
Three Cents per Copy
NEW HAVEN, CONN.,
wQcrc TfiAr WOULD PROBABLY
BE OPERATED BY UNION MEN
tlint t.hft
or to secure from-the next Legislature power to operate bus lines oi
iv.., v,0av.Tr rviootinfy iitnpv nmnfitition on its own jrround. This
would seem to be a most desirable and reasonable solution oi the
problem..
Rncofl0 i!iTO nrnvfin a convenience and the amount oi patronage
they have received would go to
fnvm Vvf trorcnnrffltinn service.
doubt that the bus has come to stay
lines, as they undoubtedly-would be
would beyond question prove oi
present. . . , 4 . . .
An onrlA the mvmnsit.ion which must atmeal to Organized La
bor is that the, Connecticut Company's busses would undoubtedly be
The porananv's attitude toward the union
has. been most commendable. It
toward amicably adjusting any
which have arisen and members
ASSOCiatlOn Have 1UUUU It a iCttiJUuauic o.uu. jum xxxjj-kij v-x .
, .Members of Organized Labor could ride on union operated busses
without feeling that they were depriving fellow trade unionists of a
livelihood. ..This in itself is an important factor for if an extreme
should be reached which would result in the discontinuance of the
trolley system it would mean the disruption of the trolleymen's or
ganization and a resultant loss to the. Labor movement as a whole
which would be serious.
jdlScbTET' ' OF THE WORKER DUE
TO INJUSTICE AND AGGRESSION
This "discontent'.' among the workers is a terrible thing. The
average individual seems to have a dim sort of an impression that
the worker is . a perpetually disgruntled being continually shouting
for more money for less work and that his ;. discontent comes from
1 an avaricious desire to grab everything in sight.
. Persons laboring under this phase of dementia should look into
the situation a little. Right at the start let it be stated that the
average worker wants only a square deal, the opportunity to main
tain his' family in a decent standard of living, educate his children,
save something for old age or a rainy day and a chance to get ahead
a little in the world. ' ,,
Does he get it? Not on your Jife.
The minute he gets, an increase in wages his landlord, his grocer
"or Ms candlestick maker and everybody else that he does business
with advances their prices about 25 per cent, more than his advance
in wages amounts to. .Witness the recent raise of the express com
pany employees. No sooner , was it announced than their landlords
grabbed for more rent and that is but one small instance of direct
grabbing, fOn the whole the confiscation of wage advances is much
more general and complex. - .. ; . ,
It begins at the source. The grocer and other merchants are
forced to advance their prices because the wholesaler advances his
and the wholesaler advances his because the manufacturer or pro
, ducer advances his and as the advance progresses everybody adds
a little something to the. original advance on his own account. By the
.-. tune-the price to the consumer is made it has grown out of all pro
porionJto the advance he has received in wages.' 5 . r x-
The landlord, is, in many instances, compelled to raise his rent
because of increased costs of maintenance, taxation and so forth.
BUT there are numerous landlords who do a lot of boosting on their
own account. If their expenses increase 15 per cent, they slap 30
per cent, onto the rent for luck. 4 .
And it isn't only the increase in rent that results in the workers'
"discontent,' I it's the autocratic attitude assumed by the landlord
toward his tenant. The latter has to stand for all sorts of injustices.
Lack of repairs, insufficient heat if he rents an apartment alleged to
be heated, and a - score of other aggressions. If he doesn't like it
he can lump it. There are plenty of other' victims ready to take the
rent if. the first victim relinquishes it.
'And. so" it, goes The worker has it-rubbed into him right and
left. The only. thing he can do is to "holler" and when he does he is
voicing his "discontent." If, in a desperate effort to get more money
with which to meet his increased.. expenses he makes a demand on
- his employer he is again proving his "discontent." The raise isn't
going to do him any good if be does get it for it is gong to be speed-
ly taken away from him again so he is bound to stay discontented
anyway. , , . .
But.it isn't altogether a matter of wages that' is at the bottom
of all this "discontent." It's a realization that he is getting a good
and proper trimming all around and while-that realization continues
the worker i going to manifest the aforesaid "discontent" loudly
and vociferously.
..Thinking , people who keep in touch with current conditions
must, realize that something will have to be done to protect not only
. the worker but the great mass of what is usually termed the "com
mon" people from the aggression of which they are now the vic
tims. Special privilege and the profiteer must be dealt with effec
tively and harshly, or the "discontent" of the masses will take on a
form of serious menace.
SURVEY SHOWS THAT LONG HOURS
RESULTS IN LESS PRODUCTION
r Low speed,, wasted time and limited output are in large part the
workers' automatic, defense against exhaustion and the overstrain of
excessive .hours of labor, says the United States Public Health Service
in a survey on the eight-hour and 10-hour workday systems.
This restriction of output cannot be attributed to union practice,
says the report, which states that in the 10-hour plant investigated
there were few union workers. The survey expresses the thought
that the slowing down process may also be caused by the workers'
fear that if they exceed the customary output to jany extent piece
rates will be cut, so they will have to work harder for the same or a
smaller return. This, however, is not the important reason.
"The fundamental cause for limitation of output lies deeper,"
it is stated. "No group of workers could continue, without physical
disaster, to work at full capacity for a stretch of 12 hours at inght
or 10 hours in the day time; not to mention the three hours overtime
irregularly worked at the 10-hoiir plant." .
. . The investigators found in the 10-hour plant, with its unorgan
ized employes, that in many of the operations there seemed to be a
tacit acceptance of some fixed quantity as a suitable output for the
-day, and this was rarely exceeded. If, however, some accidental de
lay or interruption made it likely that the worker, producing at his
accustomed rate, would not reach this quantity, he could and did
work at a much faster rate until he felt assured of his output.
Jt is not suggested that this spurt could have been maintained
throughout the day, but there was considerable ground for believing
that the actual output was decidedly below the potential output.
"At the eight-hour plant there was little, if any, evidence of this
stereotyping of output," says the report.
"At the eight-hour plant 90 per cent, of average power was main
tained until six minutes, on the average, before the close of work ; at
the 10-hour plant more than 21.5 minutes before the close of work
the percentage of average power had dropped below 90. In other
words, work continued at the eight-hour, plant practically under full
power until. six minutes before the end of the shift; at the other
factory power began to decline three and one-half times as long be-
, fore closing time at exactly 5:30 p. m., when the investigators be
gan afternoon readings, only 87 per cent, of average power was in
use in the entire building." .
Both the eight-hour and the 10-hour plants that were investi
gated were operated on the piece work system.
$1.50 per Year
24
SATURDAY, AUGUST 21, 1920
Connecticut Company will endeav-
prove that the public desires that
Conseauentlv there can be but little
and, conducted along systematic
conducted by the company, they
even greaier vaiue man as run ai
has made every effort to do its part
question ot wages or conditions
of the Street Railway Employees
FREE SPEECH.
Time Something: Was Done
to
Safeguard It Effectively.
In the town of Duquesne, Pa., labor
union organizers recently attempted to
hold a street meeting. The town has
a local ordinance requiring application
for permits to "hold such meetings.
The labor men were arrested and sen
tenced to pay a fine. They appealed
to the common pleas court, which re
duced their fine but held the ordinance
to be valid. They now announce their
intention to carry the case to the
United States supreme court.
The practice of prohibiting and break
ing up meetings of working people has
become the rule in some localities,
notable instances occurring recently in
Waterbury. Many towns have ordin
ances which require a permit in ad
vance for any public meeting, which in
itself is -not an unreasonable provision.
But when labor folk apply for such a
permit it is arbitrarily refused. Then
if a meeting is held, even though it is
a perfectly orderly assembly, the par
ticipants are arrested as lawbreakers.
There is no doubt that these suppres
sive measures have .been instigated by
the managers of local industries, not for
the purpose of maintaining order in the
community, but to prevetn their em
ployes from organizing and demanding
living wages and decent working con
ditions. This has led to flagrant mis
use and abuse of police powers.
On the other hand, there have been
cases where disorder has resulted di
rectly from reckless speech making at
street meetings. I. W. W. agitators
have a studied policy of going into
towns where it is known that street
speakers are subj ect to suppression!,
delivering wild and provocative speech
es and inviting arrest and its resultant
notoriety. iney want to pose as
"martyrs" in the hope of drawing pub
lic sympathy in their cause.
The first amendment to the consti
tution of the United States prohibits
the making of any law "abridging the
freedom of speech, or the press; or the
right of the people peaceably to assem
ble, and to petition the government for
a redress of grievances." This seems
plain enough, and yet state laws, federal
laws and judicial interpretations seem
to have radically changed the meaning
of these provisions as they were un
derstood wehn the first amendment was
ratified in 1791.
Just now a great portion of the peo
ple of the United States appear to have
grievances of various kinds and they
demand the right to air them. Another
faction of the people, however, when
the aired opinions run counter to their
own, demand suppression by laws and
ordinances denying the rights of peace
able assembly and free speech to all
except those who agree with them.
Throughout this situation it is the
duty of the police authorities and the
courts to maintain order, prevent in
citement to disorder and to so regulate
the activities of citizens that other citi
zens shall not be discommoded.
But the police and the courts exceed
their authority when they assume a
prejudiced attitude and attempt to
abridge the rights of peaceable assem
bly and lawful free speech. There are
other methods, entirely in accord with
the constitution, of dealing with those
who. plot treason or seek to bring a
statie of anarchy in America.
It is to be hoped that the Duquesne
case will be carried to the supreme
court. We need a clear definition of
what the constitution means in its
guaranty , of the rights and peaceable
assembly and free speech. If it means
that peaceable meetings of laboring
people may be suppressed "by order , of
local mayors, police chiefs or police
judges, at the instigation of private
financial interests, let us definitely know
it, that -we may take steps to further
amend the constitutio nin accordance
with the principles of American liberty.
LABOR IN CONGRESS.
Non-Partisan -Movement Bound
to Give It Representation.
The trade unionists are responding
nobly to the call of the 'American Fed
eration of Labor's non-partisan cam
paign. It meets with the approval of all
students of the labor problem in this
community. It urges the workers and
their friends to action, and now that
they are called on to assume a. free
spirit in politics they will present a
solid front that will please their friends
and confuse their enemies.
The American labor movement has
the right to expect and to have the
support of every man and every woman
to whom progress has a meaning and
who find inspiration in the enlargement
of human opportunity and the protec
tion of rights and liberties already se
cured. Privilege-serving congressmen and
senators who sneered, scoffed and
imagined that labor was fooling when
it declared that it would oppose for re
election every man who manifested hos
tility to the workers, are being rapidly
disillusioned of their folly.
There are at present over 300 law
yersin congress. How did they get
there? Somebody was looking for law
yers to represent them. Has it ever
occurred to you what we could do if we
had that many trade-unionists there?
Can you give any' reason why trade
unionists should -not sit in congrejs?
We are not asking for favors. What
the workers of this country want is a
square deal, and no favors for any
claf s. We, as free-born American?,
have a right to demand justice for all
the people, not just a privileged few,
and if that can be brought about we
will be satisfied.
But, remember, labor announces that
it will back up with full support the
national, state and local program, for
we have a housecleaning to do, and tihs
must and shall be done.
WORKERS' HOMES.
Freedom From Rent Sharks
Would Help a Lot.
Th ownership of homes, free from
the grasp of exploitative and speculative
interests, will make for more efficient
workers, more contented families and
better citir.t-ns. The government should,
therefore, inaugurate a plan to build
model homes and establish a syst?m of
credits whereby the workers may bor
row money at a low rate of interest
and under favorable terms to build their
own homes.
Credit should also be extended to
voluntary non-profit making housing
and joint tenancy associations. States
and municipalities should be freed from
the restrictions preventing tehir under
taking proper housing projects and
should be permitted to engage in other
necessary enterprises -relating thereto.
The erection and maintenance of
dwellings where migratory workers
may find lodging and nourishing food
during the periods of unemployment
should be encouraged and supported by
municipalities. (From Labor, . Its
Grievances, Protests and Demands,
adopted by Labor's Conference, Decem
ber 13, 1919.)
LIMITING OUTPUT.
All Right for Manufacturers and
Dealers, Apparently.
The limitation of output is sometimes
charged against trade unions, although
there is practically no truth in this
charge but little attention is given to
regular meetings of manufacturers and
dealers in "which they openly discuss
and agree upon prices and the limita
tion of their products in order to main
tain those prices. In some industries
the producer will cut off the supply of
the dealer if he :?ells the product cheap
er than the price agreed upon. Mean
while the same concern will insist on
the workingman's right, to sell his labor
for whatever price he pleases. Every
storekeeper despises the merchant who
cuts his prices, but he will usually de
fend the workingman who cuts his.
' But the labor union has a distinct and
ethical value for which it should be
given credit. Labor halls have become
great social centers. Helpful lecture
courses are given. .Social features, up
lifting in character, are often support
ed .and there is a moral value in the
regular meetings of the union. Every
man has a chance to present his views,
no matter how unpopular he is or they
may be. He learns the lesson of subor
dination tothe will of others, which is
always a good discipline. He learns
the value of brotherhood, of co-operation,
of teamwork. He is sometimes
called upon to make real sacrifice for
the sake of his fellows.
Trade unionism is doing more to in
still real patriotism' in the immigrant
than any other institution. It is teach
ing him the meaning of "government."
In the old country the word "govern
ment" meant opression. He soon un
derstands that here it means friend. In
the labor union he gets away from his
clannish instinct, which" even his re
ligion has not altogether been able to
accomplish.
Organized labor stands for the aboli
tion of child labor. It demands equal
pay to men and women for equal work.
It is wiping out unsanitary conditions
in shops and tenements. Indeed sweat
shops have been practically abolished in
our big cities on account of the aggres
siveness of trade unionism.
LOW WAGE DEATHS.
Infants Suffer From Insufficient
Pay of Fathers.
In calling attention to the relation of
low wages to infant mortality, the
United States Children's Bureau .states
that the "summer peak" of infant deaths
is now beginning.
In Manchester, N. H., more babies
died from gastro-intestinal diseases
than from any other cause, the rate
bc.ng 63 per 1,000 babies born alive.
In August more deaths occurred from
these diseases than occurred in any
other month from all 'causes combined.
Two-thirds of the Manchester babies
were born to foreign-born mothers,
two-fifths to mothers who could not
speak English, and over one-sixth to
illiterate mothers. Nearly one-half of
them were in families where the fath
er's earnings totaled less than $650 a
year, and over two-fifths were to moth
ers who were gainfully employed dur
ing the year following the baby's frith.
In Johnstown, Pa. ; Waterbury,
Conn., and New Bedford, Mass., where
similar conditions prevailed, the infant
mortality rates for diseases of the di
gestive systenuwere 32, 41 -and 48, re
spectively, v .
These reports, says the Children's
Bureau, emphasizes the importance of
family income,, better domestic and
municipal sanitation, and the need of
teaching mothers how to take care of
babies. '
THE PUBLIC.
Workers . Wouldn't Get Much if
They Depended on It.
"If the wofkers depended on the pub
lic alone., they would rarely, if ever,
make any progress, for -the fundamen
tal reason that the public is wholly
selfish," gays the National Civic Fed
eration Review., It is declared that
much of the statistics on strike losses
"is pure and unadulterated rot."
"The public does not want to be in
convenienced," says this publication.
"In a strike on a street railroad the
public does the walking and the swear
ing. It makes no -difference how long
may be the hours the men work or
how small may be their pay. 'If they
don't like their jobs,' the public gen
erally says, 'they should get others, but
under ho circumstances make us walk
How long would it have taken the pub
lic to wake up and organrze to force
'the bloated coal barons' to give shorter
hours and increases in the pitifully low
wages of the anthracite coal miners in
1903? . . -
"In regard to the appalling cost to the
wage earners, there is another side to
that question. The big headline figures
about the losses of hundreds of millions
of dollars on account of millions of
days' wages being lost are Trequently
great fallacies. In some cases not a
cent is lost and the increases in wages
are clear gains.1 The 1910 anthracite
strike of six weeks only changed -the
date of the annual shut down of the
mines. Just as much coal was produced
for the year, but the miners got more
for the portion mined after the strike.
The headline statisticians can always
scare the public by multiplying days by
the wage rates, but no headliner has
ever pointed out another startling fact,
and that is that in any normal year
there are more days of labor lost on
any three of the seven national holi
days than in all thestrikes of that year.
Think of the three billion days lost on
Sundays and Saturday afternoons, and
yet nobody counts that a loss, but a
gain."
BIG TOBACCO PROFITS.
New York, Aug. 20. The financial
report of the American Tobacco Com
pany show's prosperous times for this
concern and it will increase, its class B
common stock .from $50,000,000 to
$100,000,000. As compared with the
same period last year, the volume of
business from the first of the present
year to July 1 increased- $12,500,000,
or more than 20 per cent.
This does not seem unusual in these
billion dollar days, according to Presi
dent Hill of the company. He says the
company's business and earnings "are
in a very satisfactory condition."
Those who are kicking about rising
costs of gasoline and other petroleum
products will be interested in knowing
that for the year ended December 31,
the Standard Oil Company of New
Jersey "earned" $77.55 a share on its
common stock. This is the net result,
according to official statement, after
paying $14,000,000 in federal taxes.
The union label transforms the
women and children of the working
class into towers of strength. With
out it they are often elements of weak
ness in the struggle for bread.
STORMS HARD ON
PNONE SERVICE
Every Available Man Working
Overtime to Repair Damage
Done by Electrical Disturbance.
Electrical storms, severe in their in
tensity and damage, recurring daily for
more than three weeks, occasional ex
tremely high winds in some sections of
the state. acrnmnanicH hv . nrnlAnnpH
. " r 1 J J .-...-f.
period of excessive humidity, have pro-
j ij.i. . ...
uuceu tne worst condition m its outside
plant that the telephone company has
experienced from summer storms in its
history.
Despite the fact that every available
telephone man has been put on trouble
work and that many of them have
worked figths and all of them on
Saturday afternoons and Sundays, they
have not been able to repair the damage
as fast as it has occurred. To date the
storms are ahead of them for it has
been just one blamed break after an
other in the telephone business. A few
days of dry weather, however, and the
service will be cleared in all sections
of the state.
For three weeks or more, no 24 hour
period has passed without a heavy
downpour of rain in some part of the
state and it fs also a fact that a light
ning storm has occurred in some sec
tion of Connecticut every day for 23
rniKprntiup Have rli J- mine imr
J where in this state it rains on the equip
ment ot the telephone company.
Cables struck by lightning, broken by
falling trees and then burned out by
contact with trolley or electric light
wires ; flooded manholes, grounds on
telephone lines in . damp cellars and
elsewhere, and other disturbing effects
of the long spell of wretched weather
had put 7,000 telephones out of com
mission in the two weeks ending today.
The service troubles of the telephone
company have been cumulative. Before
the breaks occurring during one storm
could be repaired and service restored,
along came another storm with its re
sulting damage and further interference
with the service in the same locality or
elsewhere in the state. An official esti
mate of. the number of telephones out of
order on Thursday in some of the
larger centers follows: Waterbury,
1,200;. Stamford, 600 r Putnam, 600;
Bridgeport area, 600; Hartford, 500;
New Haven, 500; New Brtain, 400, and
Willimantic, 300.
The high wind and heavy rain on the
night of July 2j started the troublous
days, for the telephone people. This
storm took a great oII of telephone
equipment, by breaking lines and caus
ing outside electrical influences to burn
them out. The damage by this storm
was widespread and ran the gamut of
things that can happen to put telepohne
service out of order.
On . successive - days or nights there
after till the present, some part of the
state and at times the whole state, has
been visited by electrical storms and
heavy downpours of rain, each doing its
own destructive work.
A lightning storm of July 24 caused a
burned out cable in Stamford, putting
300 telephones 6ut of commission there
and nearly twice that number there
have since been affected by storms
which crossed the Stamford section.
On the same night Danbury was hard
hit by the same storm. Then 'along
came storm that struck hard up New
London, .Putnam, Danielson and Wil
limantic way and in other towns in that
section. From 200 to 500 telephones
were put out of order by a succession
Of -storms in the eastern part of the
state. Bridgeport, Norwalk, New Ca
naan and other towns in the western
and northern part of the state were
in the path of another intense electrical
storm which played hob with the tele
phone lines. Cornwall, for instance,
was out of telephone communication
with the state at large for a few hours
on Saturday morning because of a
break in the main cable. Lightning
caused -this trouble.
Another of the storms hit New Brit
ain, Hartford and points north, with a
violence that levelled trees and broke
telephone and other wires. In addition
a gas station in Windsor burned down
Saturday morning and the blaze ate its
way through- the Windsor-Hartford
cable, cutting Windsor from communi
cation with Hartford and adding meas
urably to the telephone company's
troubles. .
- Flooded" manholes in Waterbury,
where there were miniature cloud
bursts during the week, temporarily
stopped service on 600 telephones in the
western part of that city.
The excessive humidity has had its
baneful influence on telephone service
as it has had on the good nature of
ordinary persons. Moisture in cellars
has put hundreds of telephones out of
commission by causing grounds and the
dampened equipment in central offices
further aggravated an already bad out
side equipment.
The past few days have been espe
cially severe in storm damage done and
no one will give heartier welcome to
fair weather than telephone men.
TRICKY ALLEN EXPOSED.
Topeka, Kan., Aug. 20. Kansas
trade unionists are enraged at Gover
nor Allen's publication of an -indorsement
of his "can't-strike" law signed
by an alleged A. F. of L. organizer,
just before the recent primaries. The
indorsement was signed by A. L. Flem
ing, "A. F. of L. organizer." It is now
shown that Fleming is not an A. F. of
L. organizer, and it is also stated that
he is not a member of organized labor.
Fleming says he signed a letter in
the governor's office that he (Fleming)
did not write. Later, Fleming said, he
received a letter from the governor
stating that he "had taken the privilege
to add a few paragraphs or make a few
additions."
"The governor, I feel, has taken un
due advantage of me in having this let-
I ter published," concludes Fleming, in a
; signed statement. "He had no author
ity from me to publish this letter in
newspapers. I have written the gov
ernor telling him not to use my name
on any literature or to quote me in any
way whatever; I have no desire for
further relations with Governor Allen."
ITS REAL INTENT.
The League of Nations' Provis
ions in a Nutshell.
Some folks say the League of Na
tions is to be the leading issue in the
Do you understand the League of
Nations?
Do you intend to study the plan?
Only about one out of a thousand
voters can give an approximate idea cf
what the League of Nations really
means.
And yet the idea back of the proposal
is. easy.
Ever hear an employer say he had
"nothing to arbitrate?" He was gen
erally condemned for his autocratic
attitude, wasn't he?
Ever hear an employe say that a con
tract with the employer, carrying an
arbitration clause, would practically put
an end to strikes?
We all know that voluntary arbitra
tion will reduce strikes to the vanish
ing point. But it won't altogether stop
otrikes.
The League of Nations is nothing
more nor less than an arbitration
agreement intended to reduce the pos
sibilities of war. It won't entirely
eliminate war.s but it will make it diffi
cult for any naton to "start some
thing." .
That's the League of Nations in a
nutshell. If you don't believe it, study
Support Our Advertisers
The advertisers in THE CONNECTICUT LABOR PRESS
deserve the support of organized labor and "its friends. They
materially assist in making it possible for this paper to be of
service to the workers. The individuals and firms using our
publication are showing interest in our cause and expressing
friendship for the wage worker, and the latter should give,
them the preference in making purchases. As organized
workers you can readily grasp the value of reciprocity in
preference to all others. As one good turn deserves another,
it follows, that those advertisers should get' the purchasing
power of New Haven's organized labor, amounting to HUN
DREDS OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS PER WEEK, as
well as friends of the cause. Hot air never accomplished anyr
thing. Talk is usually valueless. Action is what counts. Buy -from
those who help your cause. Those who make their wants
known through THE LABOR PRESS are certainly worthy of
your patronage." See to it that they get it.
A Savings Account
For Your Children
You desire, your children to grow into prosperous
and successful men and women, to be prepared to fight
life 's battle in competition with the rest . of the world. .
Teach them early in life the value of money, for
then, is the time they form little habits that grow as
they grow older. Teach them to save.
Start a Savings Account for your children in our
bank. It will-earn 4 interest compounded and cred
ited quarterly increasing their savings while they save
more. Teac them. to deposit part of their spending
money regularly to be thrifty.
$1 starts the account.
On Savings
Accounts
Member of the New Haven Trades Council
Co-Operative Campaign.
"For Twenty Years we have
issued this Union Stamp for
use under our .
VOLUNTARY
Arbitration Contract
OUR STAMP INSURES:
Peaceful Collective Bargaining .
Forbids Both Strikes and Lock-,
outs
Disputes settled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled
' Workmanship r ' .
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers
and public
Peace and Success to Wofkers
and Employers "
Prosperity of Shoe Making Com
munities WORKERS UNION
UN10NttSTAMP
Factory
As loyal union men and women,
we ask you to demand shoe's
bearing the above Union Stamp
on Sole, Insole or Lining.
Boot and Shoe Workers" Union
246 Summer Street
BOSTON, MASS.
COLLIS LOVELY. General Pres.
CHARLES L. BAINE, General
Secretary-Treasurer.
FURNITURE
and Mechanical Tools
BOUGHT AND SOLD
Bargains Always on Hand
FREE DELIVERY.
e: i im
!OADWi
Near the Broadway Bank.
it for yourself- You will find the. main
idea is arbitration of disputes while
the details are the . equivalents of the
provisions covering working conditions
in an ordinary industral contract.
The United States senate has1 said
"we have nothing to arbitrate." Hence,
it has refused to enter into contractual
relations - with other countries and
agree to submit political disputes to
arbitration.
Study the instrument yourself and
you will see we are right.
" Incidentally, the American Federa
tion of Labor, at the Atlantic City
convention, endorsed the League of Na
tions by a vote of 29,909 to 420.
"Service That Satisfies"
MERCHANTS
NA TIONAL BANK
Chapel at State
THAT
Great Advertising Authority
Printer's M
The Leading Publication ot Its
Kind in America, Says That . .
A LABOR PAPER
Is a Far Better Advertising Med
ium Tahn an Ordinary Newspaper
in comparison of Circulation. '
The Connecticut Labor
Press
' Gives Its Advertisers- the Co-Op-eration
of Thousands of Members
of Organized Labor. Every Read
er Has a Reason for Patronizing
Those Who Advertise in Labor's
Own Newspaper.
This is
THE
UNION LABEL
OF THE
United Cloth Hat and
Cap Makers
of North America
Cloth Hats and Caps bearing this
Label are made under Sanitary and
Union Conditions
The union label is the most eco
nomical agency of trade union work,
its cost being little compared to its re--,
suits.

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