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The Connecticut labor press. (New Haven, Conn.) 191?-1921, August 28, 1920, Image 1

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' V ' - NEWSPAPER FOR THE PEOPLE v-v: ' -vy'
Men Getting Out the Butte Bul
letin Have to Tote Guns
At Night the Plant Is Carefully
. v Guarded to Prevent '
Butte, Mont., Aug. 27. Labor speak
ers who visit this city usually find their
audiences in Mine Workers Hall, which
occupies the auditorium of the old St.
Paul's M. E. church. In the basement
beneath is the Daily Bulletin publishing
' plant, guarded day and night by armed
men. Only the fear of death has kept
the thugs of the Anaconda Copper Min
ing Company from : wrecking the Bul
letin property.
Twenty repeating . rifles stand ' in a
rack behind the managing editor's desk,
which is in the same big room with
the typesetters and the printing press
that instrument alike of reaction and
revolution. Each , of the Bulletin's ed
itors and reporters carries an automatic
pistol, and all of them are dead shots
and handy with their" fists. They have
to be to survive. .
AH other newspapers ' in . Montana
bend the knee to the copper trust The
Bulletin, only three years . old, is. the
one' anti-reactionary, paper in the state.
Owned by "organized workers, it has
never compromised. It plays no oppor
tunist oolicv: day after day it strikes
straight from the shoulder; speaks edi-:
tonally analyzing truths about tne
plunderbund rule in Montana that in
any other state woula mean endless
libel suits.
Heading the dynamic enterprise , are
two formidable men. William F. Dunn,
who holds the title of editor, and R. B.
Smith, who is managing editor. Dunn
is a two-fisted person who has been a
newspaper man only since 1917, when
the Bulletin started as a weekly. He
got his training in the labor movement
' as a mine electrician, j In recent years
he was an organizer for the Interna
tional Electricians Union.
Dunn is a forceful speaker and.. writer
his logic v is unanswerable, . scathing,
. deadly. Smith , is not a speaker, or at
' least doesn't work at it He is a direct
ing genius, a practical printer and
newspaper man ; swift, quiet, sure in his
- judgments; holding the Bulletin straight
xn its course through" many a terrible
' calk" V' i - -. ' -.-..
Flanking thesetwo are Jimmy IfobM
mson, business manager, and rat Uoyle,
city editor. Robinson has Scoth blood
in h"is Veins, and needs it for he :has
to go out to get money when there is
a big paper bill , to meet at 15 cents a
pound last year it cost nly five cents.
Doyle writes telling headlines,": and has
' iistfights; with people who assail the
Bulletin's' policy. , ,
Ever since the Bulletin started the
defenders of the ruling order in Montana-have
tried to put it out of busi-
."ness.- During the war Dunn and Smith
.were indicted, under the state . sedition
act. ; They , had published an editorial
attacking individual members of the
State Council of Defense for their ef-
' forts to , suppress the labor daily.
Dunn was then and still, is. a mem
ber of ' the state legislature, elected by
the democrats xm his radical labor rec
ord, and the super-patriots wanted to
get him out of the assembly He also
ran for mayor here, at the last election,
and would have won had all the votes
for him been counted. But the Ana
con da Copper Company's henchmen
controlled the ballot boxes, and saw t5
it that. Dunn was kept out of the city
government. He was the worst mayor
Butte could have had for the copper
interests. . ,-.,' ',, .
' First, Dunn and . Smith , were sum
moned before the defense council, and
subjected to many days of grilling. The
record of that hearing aggregated 1,500
pages, and furnished the basis for an
' indictment on the charge of sedition.
Tried by a jury, both" were convicted.
. Dunn was fined $5,000 and Smith $4,500,
the amounts being fixed by the jury.
They refused : to pay the fine, and
appealed the case", alleging extreme
prejudice on the part of the trial judge,
Robert Lee Word. During the trial
this judge repeatedly suggested that the
prosecution object to certain questions
put by the defense before the prose
cuting attorneys I had thought of ob
jecting. The jury was both prejudiced,
and intimidated.
It was shown that W. A.- Campbell,
editor of the Helena Independent, a
copper corporation paper, took the Bul
k-tm editcrail to the county attorney
and to members of the defense council,
- and urged that the Bulletin editors be
Both convictions were 'lately reversed
by the state supreme court at Helena V
Bill Dunn has a . punch like a cata
pult, and his favorite target is the point
of the other fellow's- jaw. Before the
saloons here were supplanted by boot
legging joints, Dunn was standing at a
bar one day adjacent to three Cornish
men who were discussing the Mooney
case. '
"Tom Mooney got what he deserved,"
said one Cornishman. "He ought to be
strung up." , . '
Dunn knocked the man down. The
Cornishman didn't get up: He crawled
out of the saloon under . the swinging
dors on his hands and knees.
Speaking of 'the necessity of being
a gun-fighter in Butte if one is to speak
his thoughts out loud and . survive,
Dunn says: "If yeu carry a gun in
your hip-pocket you might as well leave
it home in your suit-case " Carrying
it inside the trousers in front is the
quick way.
When , the Anaconda road massacre
was perpetrated by Anaconda Copper
Company gunmen April 21, the Bulletin
- sold 10,000 extras containing a call for
" a mass meeting in the hall upstairs.
Miners jammed the hall till after mid
night, while witnesses of the tragedy
told what they had seen. , J
Word came to the Bulletin editors
that their plant was to be wrecked early
Sunday morning. They told the strik
ing miners. Sixty of the miners armed
Independent Mills Form Associa
tion to Resist Attempts to
Organize Their Men.
Atlantic City, N. J., Aug. 27. More
than a dozen independent steel mill
owners formed an association in this
city to resist any attempt to unionize
their, plants.
Declarations at the last convention
of the A. F. of L. has convinced these
mill owners that the 'organized workers
look upon their reverse during the re
cent nation-wide steel strike as but an
incident and that the steel industry will
eventually be unionized .because the
workers will organize if they are free
from cossacks, injunction judges and
free speech and free assemblage sup
pression. The' mill owners, however, re
fuse to surrender power over their em
ployes and they have united rather than
abandon Baryism.
, E. W. Harrison of the Superior Steel
company, Pittsburgh, Is president of the
new association. Other officers ; are :
H. G. ..Naugle. of the National Pressed
Steel .company, Massillon, Ohio, first
vice-president ; James, Lippincott of the
West Leechburg Steel company, Pitts
burgh, seccmd vice-president ; Charles
M Best, Pittsburgh, secretary-treasurer.
. President Harrison said the new
association "is not looking for trouble"
it wants to "protect our interests, and
the interests of our workers." ,.'
Mr. Harrison assumes to be the best
judge of the workers' interests, and
while the law of the land accords work
ers the right to join organizations of
labor, the steel mill owners decide Oth
erwise. -. ' ' . . ;
State Federation Adopts True
Names in Place of "Closed"
." and VOperi." '
Jacksonville, Fla.j Aug. 27.-- The ex
ecutive board of the Florida State Fed
eration of Labor has voted to hereafter
use the terms "union" and "non-union"
shops, rather than the tricky phrase
ology of cheap labor , employers who
talk of "independent workers," the
"American" plan, and the "closed" and
"open" shop.
1 ;The executive board takes the posi
tion that where an employer recognizes
collective ; bargaining and the right of
workers to be represented by persons
of their own choosing, he accepts trade
union principles. When an employer in
sists on individual bargaining, and 're
fuses to oernjit, a-. representative. of JEh
employes" to plead their. Case that, em
ployer stands for non-unionism, and he
must not be permitted to conceal his op
position to trade unionism by untruth
ful terms.
Newark, N. J., Aug. 27, The Bar
bers? union , has prepared a new wage
scale , which raises rates from $16 a
week to $25, with one-half of the re
ceipts over $35 a week.
Washington, Aug. 277The' President
has re-appointed Arthur. E. Holder as'
the, labor member of the federal board
for vocational education. - The appoint
ment must be acted upon-by the senate
prior to its next adjournment when, if
concurred in, the anointment will carry
for a period of three years, or until
July, 1923. f r - i " ' '
The apointee is a member of the In
ternational. Association of Machinists,
and for years served as legislative rep
resentative of the A. F. of L.
Fairmont, W. Vau, Aug. 27. The
Mine & Machinery company locked out
its union machinists when : these em
ployes asked -for a wage increase and
later off ere o arbitrate. The manage
ment stat-" : that the men are competent,
but it ha been contemplating the estab
lishment of the non-union shop and now
is a good time to apply it. , Strikebreak
ers are being employed, with hired
thugs as stage setting for the well
known drama, "Protecting the com
pany's property."
The company's action is in line with
the recetn non-union shop declarations
of the" local chamber of commerce.
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Aug. 27. Street
car men have liaised wages 10 per
cent, through a conciliation board. The
award dates back to May 1 and back
pay aggregates $70,000. v
themselves an stood guard all night
in the old church building. v At every
window in the hallvand in the Bulletin
offices the miners watched for the im
pending attack.
Gunmen arrived in automobiles at 1
a. m. For two hours they drove around
and." around the block containing the
Bulletin plant. They asw the guards
and the guns inside. They did not at
tack. Instead, the thugs went back to
their masters and reported that "a raid
might kill too many innocent people."
Ever since that night a company of
Workers watches in the Bulletin offices.
Butte's miners realize clearly that an
attack on the labor daily would be an
attak on ' every worker here who
strives for a decent livelihood.
Dunn is active these days in the La
bor League, which is ,'working in con
junction with the Non-Partisan League
to rescue Montana from the clutebfes of
the plunderbund. .. These activities have
aroused the copper corporation news
papers to a concerted tirade against
Dun and all his allies.
Vicious falsehoods about them are
being spread broadcast by the Billings
Gazette and its many kept sisters and
cousins. Nolan and Donovan, labor at
torneys here, are preparing to file libel
suits for some $200,000 damages against
the Gazette for a recent news story in
which, ignoring the reversal of his con
viction, it characterized Dunn as a
Connecticut's Need for Relief
From Excessive Rents Is
Very Great.
While Not Entirely a Success for
, Wage Earners It Offers'
,. A Valuable Suggestions.
The Connecticut Labor Press has on
many occasions called attention to the
necessity of freeing the wage earner
from the rent shark, in order to largely
alleviate . the 'industrial unrest That
something definite and concrete must
be done in this direction for the work
ers of Connecticut is self-evidentl,When
a man is bled of his last ' dollar and
forced to put -up with abuse a& well
in order to supply his family, with a
place, to live in he is not going to be
. In various parts of the country many
plans have een- adopted to make home
owning easier, for the wage earner and
St. Louis recently adopted a plan which
promises great things. Unfortunately,
however, 'the great cost of the houses
placed them beyond the reach of the
average worker. They are, though, be
ing taken up by the fairly well salaried
class and lessen the excess demand for
rents to an extent which may lower the
prices of rents for the wage earners.
It would seem that a similar plan,
applied to houses which would cost less
and thus bring its .scope within reach
of the wage earner, might be adopted
for Connecticut, either by organizations
formed of business men for the purpose
or by municipalities or the state.- A
description of the St. Louis plan fol
lows: v ' - ' " , v . '
The St. Louis Home and Housing
Association is a? $2,000,000 corporation,
supported by the Chamber of Commerce
and 'the City r Commercial club, for the
purpose of, building cheap and comfort
able homes in various sections of the
city and country, wherever the need ap
pears greatest. It was originally in
tended that the houses should be for the
benefit of industrial workers.
; As it-turned out, however, the wage
'earners of St. Louis have not been
taking advantage of the opportunity.
There has been a surprising lack of re
sponse . from the working t classes. It
seems incredible, 'but the only way to
explain it, is that the working class can
not'afford to buy the houses. ,
i,j"Wage earners ha vc";oniy a ' small
amount of captial and . small wages to
invest in real estate," explains Nelson
Cunliff, who has been placed in charge
Of the Home and Housing Association.
"With the cost 'of building materials
240. per cent higher than it was before
the war, a house which would have
cost $2,000 in 1914 costs today approxi
mately $7,000 or $8,000. This is beyond
the means of the average working man.
But the houses are in great demand
among the salaried people, who wish to
vacate flats that have undergone a 300
per cent. . increase in rent" .
He drew some photographs from the
drawer of his desk. They showed the
various types of houses under construc
tion, most of them comfortable, solid
looking brick domiciles, with attractive
facades and neat back yards extending
to an alley. . - .:. -," ,
' St. Louis loves brick houses, and it
has some ..rigid building restrictions
against the use of frame, .tile or stucco.
The houses of the St Louis Housing
'Association have brick walls and con
tain ( five or six rooms, with hardwood
floors, - tile bathroom floors, modern
toilet and plumbing fixtures and the
most improved kitchen equipment. They
are also; located on improved streets.
The selling price of the houses ranges
from $5,500 to $8,900. 'These prices
have been made possible, according to
the association, only by instituting the
most rigid economies in the buying of
land and in building. Whenever possi
ble land was bought on streets which
had been improved before the war, for
which the association paid $25 a foot
front. Building materials have , been
bought in large quantities and at cash,
to take advantage of all possible dis
counts. ; -
One of the most interesting features
of this housing enterprise is the scheme
of payment - This calls for 10 per cent,
cash on the price of the house and the
balance in 10 or 12 years. On the 10
year plan the purchaser pays $11.25 per
month on every thousand of the selling
price, after the 10 per cent, cash pay
ment has been deducted. On the 12
year plan, he pays $9.95 per thousand
of debt. The association will not permit
a man to invest more than 27 per cent
of his monthly income in one of heir
houses. ' .
"We figure that a man can easily
spare 20 per cent, "of his income for
rent," says Mr. Cunliff, "and 10 per
cent for a good investment. If he
spends more than this on a home, the
payments are apt to prove a strain, and
he is likely ultimately to prove a- bad
risk.".- , f ,
Included in the selling price of the
house is a unique insurance' feature,
whereby the purchaser is insured, in a
group insurance plan, for the exact
amount Of . his . indebtedness to the
association during the ' 10 or 12-year
period of payments. Thus, if the pur
chaser should die or. become totally dis
abled during this period, the insurance
company assumes his indebtedness, im
mediately pays it off, and the property
becomes part of the deceased or dis
abled one's estate. Under these cir
cumstances, - as the association points
out with dignity, it will never be forced
to the distasteful task of foreclosing
on a widows mortgage.
The St Louis Home and Housing
Association is planning to make a safe
six per cent, on its investment.
, San Francisco, Aug. 27. Through
an agreemetn with the Draymen's
association Teamsters' Union No. 85
raised wages 50 cents a day. The new
rates range f ron $5 a day to $7.50.
The non-partisan political campaign of the American Federation of Labor
was started on a foundation of . facts. It has proceeded on a foundatoin of
facts. . -.' '
. The result is that it is the most "tremendously interesting and enthusiastic
movement in America today. .- -
, It is going with a. ' swing and a determination unmatched anywhere.
.Facts about conditions, facts about laws, facts about legislative records--these
were the underlying fact on which the great campaign began. , V'
Then came facts about the" political platforms cold facts, , cutting to the
depths of the issues. -; ' ; . , ,
It now is announced that the facts about the presidential candidates will be
ready for the voters shortly in about a week, v . , '
Wtih the facts about the platforms and thefacts about the candidates we
shall be armed fully. : : '
The forthcoming analysis of the records of the candidates wilLbe as inter
esting as any political document yet issued.
It will bea dissecting room performance for the me,i and women who wish
to make politics serve humanity.. The facts will be laid bare. '
- Armed with the facts, united in a ' common purpose, determined upon a
single result the working people of the United States have built their political
movement surely and soundly. - " ' J
Out of this procedure has'come a great power a power for human progress,
for a better America and a fairer chance for theimen and women and children
of America. .
Armed with the truth, co-operating all down, the line in action, fired with a.
great enthusiasm for victory, the political campaign of labor has already achieved
big results and will achieve still greater resuhs.
The skirmishes of the last few weeks have been test fights. They have
been the first blows that have welded the forces together, fired them with enthusi
asm and prepared them for the' great final struggle to come. .
V Always" with the facts.in hand, alw ays wtih the consciousness of human
needs, always united and always aflame with the enthusiasm engendered by a
righteous cause and VICTORY IS OURS! - J
Tickets for Trades Council's Sec
ond Excursion Going Fast.
Fine Time Assured.
Tickets for the second excursion of
the New Haven -Trades ; Council "to
Coney Island, Wednesday, September
1, for the Labor Temple Building Fund,
are .selling in 'a manner which promises
a crowd exceeding even the big one
which, participated .iff" the first "affair.
Those who went on the first trip had
such a thoroughly good time that they
have been enthusiasticaly boosting for
the coming one and as a result there
is a lively demand for tickets.
The ' . exceptionally able committee
which is in charge of the arrange
ments, profiting by the ' experience of
the former excursion, are completing
plans ever more efficient ; than before
and a good time is assured for every
body on : board. ' v," ' -;
The same excellent order which was
maintained on s the original exursion
will be maintained on the coming one
and there will be dancing and other en
j oyable features to .a4 tQ- iheHiteasur
of the trip "while the visit to . Coney Is
land itself cannot help but supply a lot
of . recration and fun.
Gag Order Revived , and Union
v Men Threatened With Inune- .
diate Dismissal.
Washington, Aug.-27 The rights of
postal employes continue to be flouted!
and the Roosevelt "gag" order is re
vived by petty czars in charge of the
postpffice department . V-.
In Chicago' the officers of the Postal
Clerks'" union are charged with having
printed statements in newspaper adver
tisements that reflected on the postal
service. There was 'nothing new in the
statements, which had previously been
made , before congressional committees.
An appeal has been made to the Presi
dent against this violation of the Lloyd
LaFollette law of 1913. This act was
intended to set aside President Roose
velt's "gag" order that- no government
employes could petition congress for a
redress of grievances or make .protest
against these - grievances without the
consent of their -department cjiief.
Postmaster Selph, of St." Louis, Mo.,
has, created , a new mark for postal
autocracy by his threat to stop the mails
of that city if the postal clerks do not
oust the president of their union. Selph
said that he would dismiss 300 clerks if
they did not hold a new election. The
clerks refused to act arid are awaiting
the postmaster's next move. The clerks'
president has sued Selph for $50,000
damages for slander. ' ,
In a joint statement President Hyatt
and Secretary-Treasurer Flaherty of
the National Federatoin of Postal
Clerks say that acts of congress, intend
ed to be beneficial, to the postal em
ployes, are being" used by Postmaster
General Burleson to the disadvantage
of these employes. :
Under the law employes are entitled
to 10 days' sick leave each year. This
has been construed to mean 10-12ths oi
a day a month. This nullifies the in
tent of the law, unless an employe gets
sick one day a month and recovewn
that period, per the Burleson schedule.
Another ruling by the department
that ignores every element of justice is
shown in the order that employes re
turn wages paid fpr work done on Sun
days. The last congress changed the
rule that time should be paid for Sun
day, work to time off on another day
of the week. Now the department takes
advantage of an interval between the
passage of the act and , the time it be
came effective and has ordered all em
ployes who received wages for Sunday
work to return this money. The de
partment, however, refuses time off to
employes who worked on Sundays, in
spite of the obvious fact that they are
entitled to either one or the other.
San Francisco, Aug. 27. The execu
tive council of .the California State
Federation of Labor will stick to the
trade union non-partisan political policy.
Following a meeting of the council
unionists were urged to "study care
fully the records sent out by the A. F.
of L. before casting their votes, bearing
in mind the slogan of labor, 'Reward
your friends and defeat your enemies,
whenever and wherever possible.'"
Read The Labor Press Labor's paper.
Delegates and Stockholders
Hold Big Convention at
St. Louis Soon.
East St. Louis, 111, Aug. 27. The
second annual delegate and stockhold
ers' convention of the Central States
Wholesale Co-Operative Society will be
hejd in this city, starting Sunday, Sep
tember 12. ! Every co-operative society
that owns a . share of stock in the whole
sale, and every individual who owns a
share of stock is entitled to a seat in
the convention with all the rights .of a
delegate. Every bona fide trade union
that is interested in co-operation is in
vited to send a representative, :who will
be given a seat and a voice in the con
vention. :.
The president of the wholesale co-ops.
is John H. Walker, president of. the
Illinois State Federation of Labor.
In the -convention call it is stated
that "every particle of strength and in
fluence that the co-operative movement
has is an. added' influence in the struir-
jfeftf Jabots, Jt educatttfaaWalues -arc
beyond computation, - anf ltwill serve
as a first line trench of defense in the
event of an industrial conflict" '
Two Important Projects Launch
ed by State Commission for
Care of Children.
Hartford, Aug. 27. Two important
developments in child welfare activity
have been undertaken" bv the State
Tuberculosis Commission of Connecti
cut" the establishment of a seaside
sanatorium for the treatment' of bone
and glanlular tuberculosis at Crescent
Beach, and the centralizing of the care
of the children whot are ill with pulmonary-form
of the disease, at Under
cliff, the.Meridei state sanatorium. .
The Seaside, as the sanatorium at
Crescent Beach is to be known, was
opened this spring, closing three years
of strenuous efforts to overcome ob
stacles which included delays of every
kind and a legislative fight which lasted
months. It has 55 beds and - is now
practically filled. Dr. John F. O'Brien,
formerly qf New Haven, and a gradu
ate of the Crippled Children's Hospital
of New York City, has been made
superintendent and Mrs. Sara Colgan
of Hartford, matron.
The, treatment, of which heliotherapy
is the base, has already resulted in some
remarkable cures of crippled children.
The sanatarium buildings consist of the
former White Beach Hotel, remodeled
and equipped with the latest appliances
for scientific treatment. It is one of the
few in-the country and its pioneer 'work
is being closely watched by .students of
anti-tuberculosis warfare. ,
Until the present time the children in
the. state sanatoria for lung tuberculosis
have been distributed among -the fourt
at respectively, Norwich, Shelton,
Hartford and Meriden. The tommis
sion voted a , few weeks ago to use
Meriden as a children's sanatorium ex
clusively. The adult patients there have
been distributed among the other three
sanatoria and, from t the other three,
the children are all ..being transferred
to Meriden.
A new infirmary building is being
constructed at Meriden with the $75,000
appropriated ,by the last legislature for
that purpose, and several changes are
being made in the other buildings to
adapt them to their new uses in hous
ing and curing only juvenile cases.
Schools will be established at i both
sanatoria this fall under the direction
of the state department of education.
Dr. Cole D. Gibson, formerly assist
ant superintendent at Meriden, has been
appointed superintendent succeeding
Dr. James E. Dinnan, who died several
months ago, and Dr. William Carroll,
assistant superintendent He has had
extensive training and practice in chil
dren's diseases in New York City.
Connecticut is the first state to de
vote one of its sanatoria exclusively to
children's cases of tuberculosis.
Boston, ' Aug. 27. An eight-weeks'
strike for better conditiosn has been
won by Leather Workers' Union No. 32.
Employers agree to a 44-hour week and
wage increases that range from $2.50
to $5 a week.
The union label supersedes the boy
cott by concentrating the purchasing
power upon union products.
a Handfull of Non-Union
Concerns Are Now
Holding Out.
Union Floods 'City With Lists of
Union and Non-Union
. . . Bakeries.
'The master bakers of New Haven.
who are still fighting the Bakers' union,
are realizing that the organization is in
the fight to win and it is making such
headway that there is serious concern
wtihin the ranks of the larger bakeries
which still refuse to sign an agreement
with the Local. . . ..r-
. Following the - announcement made
last week that two of New Haven's
largest bakeries, the L. L. Gilbert Com
pany and r the Massachusetts Baking
Company, had signed up with the union,
a vigorous ; campaign of publicity was
started by the strike ommittee which is
doing great work with the assistance
of Chris. Kirker, an international or
ganizer of Chicago. -
The town was systematically covered
during the week . with 1 thousands of
folders urging the public to rally to the
standards of living wages, sanitary con
ditions and decent hours represented by
the union. All purchasers of , bread or
other bakery products are requested to
insist upon having : union . label goods
and a list of the bakeries working under
union conditions and agreement is in
cluded, beside which the non-union es
tablishments appear in a hopeless mirf
ority. The lits of union , bakeries in
New Haven is as- follows : ' . : , , v .
. Barker's Bakery, 74 Chapel St;
Mory's -Bakery, 388 State St: Mohican
j- Bakery, 404 State St. ; Direct Imp. Co,
372 State St ; Hahn's Bakery, State St;
Winzen's Bakery, . State St. ; Heckling
& Frank, State St. ; Winslow's Bakery,
Garden St; Nedeck's Bakery, Nicoll
St; Martenson's Bakery, Ferry St;
Blanchard's , Bakery, Canal Sti Eman
uelson's bakery, Canal St ; .L. L. Gil
bert Bakery, Goff St; Kuhn's Bakery,
Elm St; Purity Bisquit Wallace St;
McNulty & Quinn, Howard Ave.;
Blau's Bakery, Broadway; Sharten
bergs Dept Store ; Williams Bakery,
Morris Cove; McLemon & Nicholas
Baking Co. ; ' Ward Bread and Cakes i
Kreykenbohms Shelton Aye. ; Wrifliams',
Morris Ave.; Cramer's, Grand 'Ave.;
Wais'.- Grand Ave. : Hecklers, -Wash-
4 Tngton LAve.-; Paterson's,v Winchester
Ave. ; Bower s, Winchester Ave. ; Lu
benou's, Winchester Ave. ; Public Win
dow, 20 Congress A ve. ; 'Homestead,
160 Congress Ave. ; Homestead, 741
Congress Ave. ; French Bakery, 205
Congress ; Ave.; Lamorlt's, Dixwell
Ave. ; Hulteen's, Dixwell Ave. ; Koelp
ing's, Dixwell Ave. ; Shenk's, Dixwell
Ave. : Laconia Baking Co Dixwell
Ave.; Malley's Dept. Store; A, & P.
Stores; Schaefer, Ashmun St;. Brad
bury's Doughnuts and Crullers.
The bakeries listed as non-union are
as follows: S. S. Thompson Baking
Company, Kelly s Old l yme Bakery,
Chamberlain's Bakery, Beck's Bakery
Root's Bakery, and Harrington's Bak
ery. - - "' K' - ,
Exhibit Reluctance to Supply
. Coal Figures as
; Agreed.
Washington, Aug. 27. Because coal
owners have failed to live up to their
promise to supply cost of production
and . other figures, ;the federal trade
commission announces the possible sus
pension of its monthly buleltin, which
informed the public on coal industry
costs and production. , 1
The commission states that attor
neys for the National Coal association
notified coal owenrs last January that
the commission has the lawful power to
collect this information. The commis
sion was given a copy of this opinion.
Later the coal association changed its
policy and it was agreed with the com
mission that the coal owners would
start four test suits, covering all phases
of the issue. Instead, the coal owners
started one suit on questions whicht
were more favorable to them and the
other three suits have not been started.
In the one suit the commission was en
joined from enforcing penalties where
reports were not made. The commis
sion then invited voluntary co-operation
and the responses, have become . fewer
and fewer. '- . '
. The coal owners' action is in line
with its policy of proclaiming that the
public should be informed on ' all the
facts and then block every attempt to
make this boast a reality. : .
In the recent wage hearing on wage
demands of bituminous miners at
Scranton, the coal owners succeeded in
stopping the miners from'putting in the
record a series of statistics that would
show exorbitant profits1 of coal own
ers, their production costs, and their
monopblistic policies. "
Denver, Aug. 27. Strikebreakers
employed by the local street car com
pany have confessed they lied when
they told the police their wrecked street
car was caused by two armed men who
took the car from them and then .ran
jt into a ditch. The strikebreakers now
acknowledge that the car jumped the
track when they ran it too fast.
The Denver Labor Bulletin, says citi
zens may look for jobs of this kind
from now on."
"But abouf the next one that will be
pulled' .says the labor paper, "the
strikebreakers will forget to confess
and stand pat on their lies and a few
union men will go to the penitentiary
on the perjured testimony of, such
Read The Connecticut Labor Press
Labor's paper.
Results From Suggestion Made
by American Federation
of Labor in 1914.
Provides Definite International
Government Machinery for Im
? provemeht of Conditions.
This is the first of a series of articles
on labor and conditions of employment
f ronr , the - international aspect written
especially for the American labor press
by arrangement between Matthew Woll
vice-president of the American Federa
tion of Labor, and the writer.
r By , Ernest Greenwood. '
- Washington, D. C, Aug. 27. The an
nouncement pf the permanent organiza
tion an establishment of the Interna
tional Labor Office of the League of
Nations at Geneva, Switzerland, un
fortunately closes (for the present at
least) one of ',the most interesting and
important chapters m , the history of
American organized labor. ' For it will
be remembered that it was the conven
tion of the American Federation of La
bor in 1914 which passed a resolution
containing the first concrete suggestion
of providing definite international gov
ernment machinery for the improve
ment of -working conditions. In 1916
European labor adopted the American
proposal and appointed British, French,
Italian and Belgian delegates as a com
mittee to oreoare .a nrntmm fnr an ; ;
"ternational labor
Lat Leeds, England,, the following July.
. ai ine i-eeas conierence a resolution
was passed which virtually demanded
that any peace treaty terminating, the
war should contain a minimum of coali
tion, emigration, social insurance, hours
of labor, hygiene and protection of la
bor. In August 1918 Samuel Gompers
undertook the leadership of a delega
tion to the countries rf th alKmt orf '
associated powers and effectively advo
cated the program which the federation '
had been urging since 1914 for an in-
ternational labor conference in connec- -
non witn tne peace conference.
At the second plenary session of the
peace conference on January 25, 1919, a
resolution was passed providing for a
commission "to inquire into tfte condi
tions of emolovment from thr in tr-n ra
tional aspect and. toCQnsider,tbeinter- - -
iidiionai means necessary to secure com-"
mon action on matters affecting condi
tions Of emblovment- anH tn rwrmmn4
-J " X.-Vliijvi4
the form of a permanent agency to con-
unue sucn inquiry ana consideration in -co-operation
with and under the direc
tion of the League of Nations."
Representatives of the United States,
the British empire, France, Italy, Japan,
Belgium, Cuba, Poland and the Czecho
slovak republic were appointed on this '
commission. Mr. Gompers was ap
pointed president .the : vice-presidents
being . the i Right Honorable G. N.
Barnes, M. P, of England, and Mr.
Colliard of France. Arthur Fontaine,
director general .of French railways,
was appointed general secretary and
Harold B.. Butler of England, assistant
general secretary. This commission
held 35 meetings and drew up its con
clusions in two parts. Thy first con
tained the provisions for the permanent
international labor organization. " This
organization itself is divided into two
parts, (1) the International Labor Con
ference and (2) the International La
bor Office controlled by a governing
body. . '
For Improved Conditions.
' The first meeting of the International
Labor Conference was held in Wash- -ingtn,
, October and November, 1919.
There were present 123 delegates repre- '-
, (Continued on Eighth page.) - - ' .
... t-
Must Cease to Ignore Former in
r Its Relation to the
: Cincinnati, , Aug. 27. "Before the
public has a valid claim for the full
recognition of its rights on the part of
labor, it must have previously assumed
its responsibilities "and have done its
part in preventing conditions of labor
which are not onlv intoleraW tn lah-
but which are a menace to the stability
ana tne weitare ot the nation itself,
says John P. Frey, editor International
Mjolders' Journal.
"The public," says this trade union
ist, manifested little interest in the long
hours and low waces of .trwt ar em
ployes, until one morning it was -forced
to wane aown town because the street
car employes would no longer endure
the intolerable conditions of -their em
ployment' "
f "The miners have received such
small waores that thev could not cnn.
port their families in decency. They
have been prevented from organizing
by bands of hired mercenaries whose
existence nas been permittd by the
authorities : their members and their nr.
mnizersihaVe been killed in Moon1 .
""but the public took no adequate steps
to prevent tnese- outrageous and un-
meri-an conditions.
"But the public, which had so ef
tectively evaded and ignored its respon- "
sibilities, clamored for legislative and .
administrative relief the . moment the
miners went on strike.
"The public, in respect to its rights,
is very much like many employers who
are keenly . conscious of their rights,
but overlook or waive aside the recipro
cal rights of their employes.
"The foundryman who expects the ;
molders and coremakers to work for
him with the spirit ci good will must
have, indicated a spirit of fairenss and :
good will towards his employes, for
there are no rights enjoyed by men :
which do not carry with them equiva-
lent obligations and responsibilities."

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