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ORGANIZED LABOR'S ONLY NEWSPAPER IN NEW HAVEN
A NEWSPAPER THE PEOPLE VOLUME VIII. NUMBER 2 . NEW HAVEN, CONN. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1920. PRJCE THREE CENTS Live Local "Labor Topics LrL JVJw x v W' i W -wgfj Lb Lafir - I Events I BAKERS CONTINUE WARFARE AGAINST NON-UNION BREAD Publicity Campaign Continues to , Lessen Demand for Product ' ' of Their Opponents. ARE STEADILY WINNING Indications That All. Will Have to ' r Sign Agreement Before s Long. The strike of , the New Haven hakers continues to be the live event in trade union circles and tne tew master Baiters j who are still holding out had another lively week meeting the stiff opposition j J xtt- TIlirrWT ' One of the unique features of the campaign of publicity being waged by Local No. 11, Bakery and Confectionery Workers of New Haven, m their strike This is one of the. mediums which. the union has employed to inform the public that the Bakers' union label stands for sanitary conditions, decent wages and the protection of the "public against unhealthful production. It has attracted widespread attention and comment, which, in turn, has helped ma terially in causing the public to demand bread and other bakery products pro duced by union (bakeries. :( ' " . ' , ' being put up by the organization. Offic ials of the union report that the non union bakeries are encountering great er difficulty in holding their Customers every day in spite of specious explana tions made by their drivers. The big publicity drive of the union men is cre ating a strong demand for the union label product and causing buyers of bakery products to refrain from pur chasing the other kind in constantly in creasing liuniuu a. y At the meeting of the New Haven Trades Council, Thursday evening, it was reported that . McLemon and Nick- las and Schaeffer's bakeries -had been signed up $ ince the last meeting, both of which were included in the list of union bakeries published in The Con necticut Labor Press last week. - Le vine's Bakery, employing 15 men, has : 1 - aiso jomey ine union muiis, The delegate, makings the report for the union to the Trades Council stated that S. S. . Thompson Co. -were the . chief "adversaries of the union and that the few bakeries, still remaining non union weredoing so out of a sense, of loyalty to that firm. That they are all feeling the effects of the union's op position is generally conceded. , The Bakers union starts another campaign of circularizing the city to day, issuing the following appeal to buyers of bakeryj products : "A Plea to the Bread Dealing and Consuming public. "The Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union Local No. 11, affiliated with the New Haven Trades Council and. the. American Fed eration of Labor, always and every where, kindly asks your assistance . seeks the co-operation of every bread consumer in the campaign for union made bread . bearing the union label, against non-union trust made bread. The non-union bread magnates are en trt unnihilatf tht Rakers' uvaivt " --w Union and force upon its members a slavish servitude, a condition which is un-American and unpatriotic. . "Why -do we make this appeal ? "Because you are the judge and the union-label on bread is Jan absolute guarantee of clean and sanitary work ing conditions and that the men em ployed wh?re the union-label is used are physically fit to produce the staff xf life, your daily bread, that is your pro tection. It also signifies the material and intellectual uplift of mankind. Tt stands for the eight hour work- ""day, a living vage' scale; it gives the Bakery and Conf ecloinery worker an opportunity to live and let live ; it stands for the abolishment of child labor, un sanitary working conditions ana sunaay work. , - . "It prote s the bread consuming pub lic nrrilr ieoocoH haVprv workers. III. agauiai uwwvu j who if diseased through their sweat, work their disease into the bakery pro- RAILROAD OFFICIALS OPPOSE DAYLIGHT TIME New Haven Depot Employes and Officials Wearied From Answering Questions. New Haveii depot officials and ticket sellers are by. no means enthusiastic over Jhe proposal to extend daylight asving ' time from September 25 to October 31. On the 25th daylight time, so far as New Haven is concerned, is supposed to come to an end and the city resume eastern standard time as continuously followed by the railroad. There is no change in train timetables until October 3J by which time all cities and towns are supposed to have return ed to the regulation standard time. The New Haven board of aldermen is likely to extend the daylight saving time because Ns.ome other cities along the 'railroad do not resume standard time until October 31. it If A TM7 DATtDV T5T3rMTT("TC BAD HOUSING 'A MENACE TO POOR New York, Sept. 3. Officers of charity and sociay welfare assocaitions declare that housing conditions in this city are destroying the health and mor als of the poor. . One social wqrker said : "It is not unusual to find two families living in three rooms, each family comprising father, mother and several children. They have been forced to double up because of high rents."t)ne fan readily see what the final outcome of these conditions will be. The short age has become so acute that we have been forced to stop moving families out of dark rooms and damp basements. There are no places where these people can, go without paying rent out of all proportion to their resources." These rents- are cqmpelling many families to foreero necessarv food. I Health Commissioner Copelahd calls IV a.: ii.:. j:: u:u u attention to , ims lunuiuun, wm-n, lie said, will cause a lessening of resisting power, especially among children, and this will leave them less strength to repel disease. ' . ' , ducts and thus it is carried into, your home and perhaps into your stomach, (think this statement over carefully). "Every member of the Bakery and Confectionery Workers . International Union is compelled to undergo a physi cal examination and is not permitted to work if he or she does not pass the medical examination. The union is ever ready to render assistance in order that the bread consuming public shall be pro tected and that a diseased bakery-worker shall not become a burden upon so ciety. "Remember the Bakers' Union Label is the weapon that stands for justice and humanity. "Be merciful and compassionate, in sist upon union-made bakery products and demand the - tin ion label on your bread or bread wrapper. It will accom pany a union smile with every bite, hence you will discourage the curse of Sunday work and of cheap and child labor. You will help to bring about human conditions in the baking indus try and make it a place for us as Amer icans to be proud of. "Always and everywhere remember the union label is the symbol of fair ness and cleanliness. "Thanking you for your past and fu ture assistance and co-operation, we re main, "Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union, Local No. 11, New Haven, Conn." Read The Labor Press Labor's paper. : , ..." ' ..."'.t ...iy-.:" ' i'" , S . . . i " PROFITEERING 10NIC0AL BARED J BY W. J. LAUCK .si i Mine. Workers' Economist Says Price to Consumer Should Be Reduced. OTHERS PREDICT 3 RAISES Majority Report of Coal Commis sion Violated Principle of Living Wage. Washington. Sept. 3. Widely diver gent views, were expressed here this week as to the effect of the award of the Anthracite "Coal jCommission on the price of coal. The commission :nits findings said "The award offers-io justification for any advance in the re tail price of coal, but is consistent with a decline in prices." W. Jett Lauck, consulting economist for the United Mine Workers, declared that prices should be reduced approxi mately SO cents a ton at the mines and far more to the ultimate consumer. Representative men, on the other hand, declared that there would not only be one advance but three and that for the commission to say that no in crease was warranted was a deception to the public. They declared that to squeeze a wage advance of $85,000,000 ,and back pay of $18,000,000 out of the anthracite mines "without an increase was a sheer impossibility.' "The price of anthracite coal to the consumer should be reduced, " said Mr. Lauck. "WhenHhe case was submitted No arbitration with agreement that the award should date from April 1 the operators advanced the price of coal at the mines $1 a ton to protect themselves against any wage increase. "The wage increase provided in the majority report of the commission in creases the labor cost of producing a ton of coal barely 50 cents. On the basis of 90,000,000. tons production this means the operators have already clean ed up $15,000,000 - during the four months just ended, for they have taken from the public that much more than they arel required to nay the miners in back pay. ' "It is obvious that one immediate effect of the award should be reduction of the price to the consumer of at least $1.85 a ton." . Available figures for 1920. for . cost of production, Mr. Lauck "said, ranged from $2.71 to $3.10 per.ton'and that .fflVifesf crejase this, cost would 'be increased f rqnr 46" 7-100 tp '52 7-10 cents a ton. iff. Lauck 'said that the majority re port violated the principle of a-living wage, and was glaringly unequal when compared to the award to the bitumin ous miners. - "As a result of this award," he said, "there 'probably will be trouble-.in the anthracite field. The United Mine Workers as an organization is pledged to accept this award and see it enforced, and I kiUMV officials of the union in all goed faith will undertake to do this. However, despite the fact that this grave responsibility rests on the union, the commission declined to grant that measure of recognition which would give it the power ' and authority it should have to control the situation." G. H., Cushing, of the American Wholesale Coal Association, speaking not f ok the anthracite operators, but as a coal man familiar with the situa tion, said ; ! "Out of a deficit which exists the ompanies are) asked to nay out $103,- 000.000 without a price increase. Nor must the fact be overlooked that there will be an increase of freight rates, of 40 per cent.' which increase must be added to the price of coal. To meet these increases without price - advances cannot be done." AWARD MAY SPLIT UNION. Wilkes-Barre, Pa., Sept. 3. Officials of the United Mine Workers of Amer ica, pledged to abide by the finding of the President's wage commission,' and leaders of the insurgents in the ranks of the mine workers are locked in a struggle that may mean the disruption of the Organization. WHY .CARFARES ARE SO HIGH Federal Commission Blames It Onto Overcapitalization and Financial Mismanagement. Washington, Sept. 3. Provide street car rides at cost and remove these pub lic utilities from the field of speculation is recommended by the federal electric railroad commission, appointed by the President to investigate the street car industry. The commission's recommendations are in line with the oft-repeated declara tion of courts that the purpose of quasi public corporations is primarily service for the public, with the owners of these properties only entitled to a fair remun eration. The commission says public owner ship and operation are undesirable un less the results under private dperation prove unsatisfactory. The-right of the public to own and operate all public utilities is recognized, -and legal ob stacles to its exercise should be re moved. , ' . The commission says that the finan cial credit of the street railway indus try has been lost, and that in many lo calities it is not properly performing its public function. Among the reasons for this . condition are overcapitalization and financial mismanagement, exten sions in unprofitable territory in furth erance of real estate speculation, fail ure of five-cent fares- to meet costs and increased cost of labor and mater ial. It is recommended that the limit to franchises or to fares should not be fixed. William D. Mahon, president of the Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway Employes, is a member of this commission. CARPENTERS OFF TO CONFERENCE New Haven Men Who Will At tend National Gathering at " Indianapolis. George F. Mordecai, business agent of the Carpenters' District Council of New Haven, who was elected a delegate to the General Conference of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Join ers of America by the Connecticut State Council, left for Indianapolis, Ind., where the convention is to be held, Wednesday evening. , The date of the convention is later in the month but Mr. Mordecai received notification by wire Monday night that he had been appointed to the finance committee which necessitated his pres ence in Ihdainapolis at once. Delegates to the convention from Local No. 79, New Haven, are John L. Richards and F. L. Branch Delegates from the Hartford local are Thomas O'Brien, president of the Con necticut State Council Thomas Russell and George Parsons. TRADES COUNCIL CONSIDERS MANY UNIONMATTERS Everything From Foreign Wars to JLocal Scraps Discussed at Regular Meeting. DEIIGATESREPORT Business Concerns Which Are Unfavorable to Organized La- bor-Vice President Presides. The, meeting of the New Haven Trades Council, Thursday evening, was devoted largely to a . discussion of a communication from the Sattle Cen tral Trades Counciirprotesting against any participation .by this country in favor of Poland in. its war with Russia and after a lengthy discussion the rec ommendations of the communication were'adopted. Another -extended discussion was had concerning the stand of both the re publican .--'and democratic presidential candidates on the Cummins-Escfi bil It was stated by one of the delegates that while President Gompers o'f , the American Federation of Labor endorsed Goyetnor. .Coxas. tkePiopetcandklate for. labor s support that gentleman had, in a re eht speech," eulogized and en dorsed the Cummiqs-Esch bill which as a measure of "involuntary servitude for railroad men was opposed by organized labor 'emphatically. The secretary was finally instructed to write Governor Cox for air. expression of his 'stand upon this matter, with the request that it be received before the next meeting of the Trades Council., A communication from the Interna tional Polishers, and Buffers' union stated that the Scranton Stove Com pany, makers of the Dock-Ash range, had locked its men out and asked that the delegates so inform their locals in order that the members might refrain from purchasing the company's product. Delegate Eugene Treiber of the Mov ing Picture Operators ' reported that the Winchester theatre, management had expressed a willingness to employ a union operator and that by next week it would probably be a fair house. Delegate , Fitzgerald .for the, building trades reported that the Pandajls Sys tem of Lunches and Restaurants was putting up a new building which " was to be erected solely by non-union men and that all attempts to straighten the matter out -had failed. Delegates, were requested to report the matter to their locals." ' , Delegate Buehler of the Brewery Workers repofted that all attempts to get the Coca ColaCompa'ny and the Star- Bottling Works to unionize their plants had failed and requested that the affiliated locals be informed that these concerns are notN right wtih his organ ization. . J. It was reported from the Bartenders' union that no progress had been made in settling the differences between that organization and the Oneco hotel. The' Buffers and Polishers' union re ported that the continued opposition of organized labor to the Winchester stores was having its effect, reports in dicating that none of them are proving successful. It was reported for the Allied Print ing Trades tfiat The Republic, New Haven's latest Sunday newspaper, had signed an agreement and "would shortly carry the label. Delegate Baer of the Barbers' union reported that it would never be possible for his organizatoin , to secure a foot hold in West Haven so long asv the union men continued to patronize the union's chief opponent there, the Duschank shop. Delegate Warner of the Moving Pic ture Operators' union reported that the members of that organization have re ceived an advance in wages from all ex cept the three largest houses, ranging from $8 to $16 a week. It is expected that the other houses will be signed up soon. President Ornburn was elected a dele gate to the Non-Partisan League con vention in New Haven, September 17 and 18. - In the absence of President Ornburn Vice-President Eugene Treiber presided with his customary efficiency and cour tesy. PAINTERS TO HAVE HOME. Lafayette,' Ind., Sept. 3. By a refer endum vote officers of the Brotherhood of Painters ' have been instructed to purchase ground and erect an " office building in this city. STATE UNIONS TO MEET. Galesburg, 111., Sept. 3. The annual convention of the Illinois State Federa tion of Labor will convene in this city Monday, October 18. LABOR DAY; 1920 By Frank Morrison, Secretary,' American Federation of Labor. v On this Labor Day there are many issues confronting wage earners, but none are more fundamental than Labor's demand for collective bargaining. With this assured the worker has a voice in conditions affecting what he will think, read, eat and wear, how he will educate his children and clothe them and what manner of home he may have. . " .Where collective bargaining is deViied, the worker is powerless ; his employer regulates his life. This power of the non-union employer is accepted by a Commission repre senting the Interchurch World Movement that investigated the recent strike of steel workers for collective bargaining. The report says : "The arbitrary control of the steel corporation extended outside the ' plants, affecting the workers s citizens and the social institutions in the communities" - 5 ..,--- - fX : '"' . ' V f In all ages workers have united They have struggled for .liberty and.they have overthrown dynasties and. kings. Despite these upheavals there was no titenger ifl-theirecottdrn1rTas iiif eriorsi ""hewers of 'wood and drawers of water." Their working- conditions were set by employers, whose power automatically extended to every social phase of their lives. . : The modern trade union, as typified by the American Federation of Labor, is the first effective challenge to the world-oldtheory of serfdom, maintained in various forms, and around this challenge "centers all opposition to organized labor. . , " 1 r "- - . To continue' this status of inferiority and maintain control of their work ers, employers' talk of- their so-called "open" shop and individual bargaining. These are but new names for a mastery over workers that is fought for just as stoutly today 'as when feudal barons held their serfs to the land. . The modern title that anti-trade union employers have applied to their serf theory fails to hide its purpose and effect. Men cannot be free when they are compelled to bargain single handed wtih a feudal baroft's successor on rates of pay and working conditions. . - Philanthropy can not effect the principle involved. There can oe no equality between men when an employer, is gentle with his power,! for if an employer has power to 'give justice he has the power to withhold it His employes are subject to hts graciousnessiand his 'whims. , - . 'There can be no co-operation in industry, where an employer is final judge of his workers' physical endurance, wages and the effect of bad working con ditions. ' " y - ' ' v .. . On this -Labor Day. the organized workers have set their stand of intelli gence, solidarity and determination in an advanced positin against this indus tral serf theory that mock every profession of Americanism by these employers. MEETINGS OF-NEW HAVEN UNIONS -FOR THE WEEK , Saturday. Heat and Frost Insulators and Asbes tos Workers, No. 33 Hotel Volk at 7 p. m. Letter Carriers, Branch 19 400 State street. Sunday. Bartenders, No. 217 Eagles hall, 26 Crown street, at 2 p. m. Electrical Workers Railroad, No. 803 Aoademy Hall. Polishers and Buffers No. 25 Hall No. 2, 215 Meadow street. Railroad Trainmen Odd . Fellows' Hall, 95 Crown street, at 11 a. m. Teamsters and Chauffeurs, No. 626 215 Meadow street, at 2 p. m. Monday. Bookbinders, No. 134 Insurance building. Bricklayers and Plasterers, No. 6 Eagles' Hall, 26 Crown street. Carpenters, No. 79 Hall No. 1, 215 Meadow street. ' Tuesday. , Electrical Workers, No. 90 Hall No. 2, 215 Meadow street. Meat Cutters and Butcher Work men, No. 556 215 Meadow street. Wednesday. Building Trades Council Hall No. 1, 215 Meadow tsreet. Painters, Decorators and Paperhang ers, No. 4 Hall No. 2, 215 Meadow street. Thursday. Barbers' Union, No. 215 Room 25, Insurance building, 890 Chapel street, at 8 p. m. y Brotherhood of Boilennakers, No. 61, Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of America 215 Meadow street. Machinists, No. 420 99 Temple street. Machinists, No. 6W Academy Hall. Steam and Operating Engineers, No. 566 Hall No. 2, 215 Meadow street. Friday. Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, No. 920 Odd Fellows' Hall, 95 Crown street,8 p m. Hoisting and Portable Engineers, No. 478 Hall No. 2, 215 Meadow street. Lathep, No. 215 Room 15, Insur ance building, 890 Chapel street. Saturday. Bakers' International Union No. 11 "t . 1 1 A f IX CORSET WORKERS ' TO HOLD DANCE What promises to be the most enjoy able assembly of the waning summer season will be the dance and prize fox trot of the Corset Workers' Locals 39 and 40, I. L. G. W. XL, at the Arcadia, Savin Rock, Monday evening, Septem ber 20. The Corset Workers are among the most, popular of all union ladies and any event of theirs is sure of a large attendance. COPY A. F. OF L. PLAN. Washington, Sept. 3. The A. F- of L. national non-partisan political cam paign committee has received reports that there are "non-partisan leagues" springing up all-over the country and efforts are being made by organizers of these leagues to create the impression among workers especially that their purpose is identical with the non-partisan political campaign of the A. F. of L., and that they are in some way con nected with the labor movement. The A. F. of L. is independent of any other political movement and the A. F. of L. itself is not affiliated to any political party nor does it accept the affiliation of any political party, re gardless of its name. The non-partisan political campaign of the A. F. of L. is being carried on through the state federations of labor, congressional dis trict conferences, ,and committees chosen by the central bodeis. These committees are responsible. - to these bodies alone. CLOAK MAKERS WIN. Philadelphia, Sept. 3. Wage in creases and improved working condi tions are included in an agreement be twetn cloak makers, affiliated with the International Ladies' Garment Work ers' union, and their employers. The 44-hour week is " established and no overtime is permitted in shops . where more workers can be employed. Pro vision is made for employment of old or disabled workers at rates below the scale. These rates shall be determined by the employer and the workers of the shop concerned, subject to the approval of the union. Trades Council Hall, 215 Meadow street. : Cap Makers, No.- 20 Hall No. 2, 215 Meadow street. "OPEN SHOPPERS ENCOUNTER SNAG IN- THEIR COURSE ( u: js. snipping .Board Answers National, Chamber of , Commerce Challenge.. . STICKS TO THE UNION Going to Make Agreement With International Longshoremen's Association Despite Interests. Washington, Sept. 3. Answering the challenge of the United States Cham ber of Commerce in its nation-wide ref erendum of the business interests on the. question of the open shop and the individual anti-union labor contract, the United States Shipping Board an nounces that it is going to make a unoin agreement with the' International Long shoremen's Association. The present open-Shop flurry was kicked up by the Galveston shipping interests, who backetL-by a gbvernor.and state troops and martial law, were; unable to break the strike of the coastwise longshore men. When tlipv annUil s m tu tut lAJlllr- mercial world for sympathy they got it. iow tne nipping Board delivers a knockout blow to their plans. "The board," reads its official an nouncement, "will withdraw on October 1 from the National Adjustment Com-I mission having- jurisdiction over long shore matters on theAtlantic and Gulf coasts. A resolution to this effect has been passed by tfae board and the neces safry 60 days' notice has been given to the secretary of the commission. . y - "The National Adjustment Commis- " sion was established at the instance of the Shipping Board during the war in' ordft- to maintain close contact in the longshore industry between the shipping and stevpdnrinor intorocf. tUo. Tnin . ; " O -'V-'i 111V. JLlVlll tional Lnriculinrpnipn'c Accnriili'in rA the United State's Shipping Board. s ine snipping Hoard is immediately taking steps to set up the machinery.. necessary tor joining with the shipping and stevedoring interests in negotiat ing directly with the International Lonershoremen's Association ence to all matters affecting the long shore industry' On the Atlantic anH r:nif coasts. ,This method of direct negotia tion is in line with its procedure in dealinsr with the other lartrp. labor in its operating "departments. It has already executed agreements for the cominsr vear with th RaJInrc Tr;rorr,0 auu oiewaras, ana Licensed Deck Officers,- and - expects to do the " 1 1 1 o. ... . -w . : . same -witn -tne Marine engineers and Radio Operators. Bv lOininer the shinnintr an1 ctirA. doririg interests in dealing directly with the Longshoremen it is acting in accord ance N with the nrinrinle nf v-il1;. bargaining recognized by the. Govern-, ment. and feels that it can in this onv best protect the interests of the long shoremen, the American merchant marine, and the .ports on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. "It . is oreoared to rrmirW Jn a fir- and sympathetic spirit all of the ques tions affecting thi sgreat industry." This decision means that the Ship ping Board is tired of the bullying tac tics emoloved hv Koster anH tht- nthr chiefs of the open-shop campaign in ixew xorK, wno nave neipea to. draft the declaration of war amintf nnnn. ized labor which the 'Chamber of Com merce of the United States has just issued. As the board has control of the labor policy for its own ships, and as tnese snips are tne controlling factor in the 'American merchant hfnninor ll T ' . mm. trade, .it is the lmoression here that the mouths of the ooen-shoo shinninc magnates have been effetually stopped for a while. . EXCURSIONTO CONEY Trades Council's Second Event Proves Enjoyable on ideal Day. , While the crowd which participated in the second excursion of the New Haven, Trades Council's building- tem ple fund to Coney Island, Wednesday, was not as. large as that which went on the. first it was an enjoyable sail for those who did go. ' Excellent order pre vailed and the day was ideaL At Coney Island an unusual con ditionwas encountered, the streets be ing almost deserted as a result of the B. R. T. strike. However, the New Haven visitors made the most of the attractions offered and had a good time. . - . PRESSMEN MAKE GAINS. Pressmen's Home, Teml, Sept 3. Continued wages and working condi tions gains are reported 'by officers of the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union. The list includes affiliates in the United States and Can ada. The local at Marshall, Texas, char tered last June, reported wage increases that range -from $3 to $10 a week. IGNORE ANTI-UNION RULE. Mahonoy City, Pa, Sept . 3. Public school teachers in this city resolved to ignore State Superintendent Finegan's order that teachers must not affiliate with the American Federation of Teachers. r The teachers refuse to sign a con tract in which they- agree to retire from the union. WANT STRIKES STOPPED. Portland, Ore., Sept. 3. Trade unionists in this state are preparing to combat a "can't-strike" bill that may be submitted to the next legislature. The bill is approved by employing interests. Its public sponsor is J. M. Devers, at torney for the state highway commis- Tl 1 1 J ! ' .. mum. xiic jiupusdi wuuiu nuuny ine anti-labor injunction law, passed by the state legislature last year. This law, says the Oregon Labor Press, has been ' ignored by the courts and iniunctions have been granted in larger numbers since its enactment than before.