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ami State Labor Events A NEWSPAPER FOR THE PEOPLE VOLUME VII. NUMBER 21. NEW HAVEN, CONN., FRIDAY, JANUARY 14, 1921. 'EE CENTS ' Live Local Labor Topics aborf Strikers Cause Loss of 1,307,600 Days rere In Report of Commissioner Hyde Shows That 75,943 Workers Were Affected Won in 19 Strikes and Lost in 180 and Compromised in 81 Cases. According to the report of the bureau of labor statistics for two years ending November 30, 1920, there were 280 strikes in this state. The report has been submitted to the governor by William S. Hyde, commissioner of the department of labor and factory in spection. These strikes affected 75,943 employes, with an approximate loss of 4,155 days to employes and approxi mately 1,307,508 days to the employes. In 19 instances the demands of the em ployes were granted in full, in 81 cases the result was a compromise and the remaining 180 cases were unsuccessful. Waterbury had the most strikes, 72; Hartford and New Haven had 27 each and Bridgeport had 24. New Britain was next with 16 and tne fewest strikes were in Putnam and Derby, which had three each. The Waterbury strikes af fected the largest number of employes, 27,339. The number affected in Hart ford was '4,769, in New Haven, 3,888; in Bridgeport, 13,864, and in New Brit ain, 449. Bristol had five strikes. Only 16 days were lost thereby. According to occupations, the shops had the, most strikes, 56. Laborers were next with 30 and caipenters, masons and plasterers followed with 24. Among the occupations in which there was but one strike were barbers, brewery help, caulkers, . core makers, corset makers, drop forgers drivers, dyers, elevator operators, furriers, lock makers,- meat cutters, motormen, conductors, stage hands, stevedores, stone cutters, tube makers and watch makers. As is always the case there were few strikes during the winter. The strikes boomed large when the trout fishing and baseball seasons began. In 1919 there were 40 strikes ' in June and 45 in July while there were but five in February. In 1920 January and Febru ary each had three strikes, while April had 53. The new factory construction and additions, as shown by the report, cost $23,645,847. In Hartford 25 factories put up new buildings or made additions. The end of the war brought renewed activity in the" building- of tenement houses. There were 200 more built than in the preceding two years, with a cor responding increase of 2,147 more tene ments. The increased number of tene ments indicates the increased number of large apartment houses. Hartford built about three times as many tenements as New Haven or Bridgeport. Hartford built, 1,345; Bridgeport, 463 ; New Haven, 497 ; Wat erbury, 319; New Britain, 312; West Hartford, 34, and East Hartford, 25. Norwalk and Hamden built the smallest number,' four each. The number of occupational diseases reported was 117, a decrease of 138. New Haven reported but one case in the two years, while Bridgeport re ported. 54 in 1918-19 and 61 in 1919-20. The occupational diseases reported are fulminate intoxication, cacokala rash, lead poisoning, acute eczema, muclos ulmar and oil infection. The free employment bureaus filled 66,657 places as compared with 65,943 for the preceding two years. The aver age cost for each position filled was 41 cents. In the 12 months ending June 30, 1920, the applications for employ ment were: Hartford, 17,270; New Haven, 13,837; Bridgeport, 5,807; Wat erbury, 5,570; Norwalk, 4,090. Appli cations for help were : Hartford, 16, 311; New Haven, 14,811; Bridgeport, 12,260; Waterbury, 11,431; Norwich, 5,000. Situations secured were: Hart ford, 13,117; New Haven, 11,373; Bridgeport, 10,318; Waterbury, 7,746; Norwich, 4,878- The maximum wage paid for chauf feurs in positions filled by the free em ployment offices in Hartford in January, 1919, was $50 a week, with room. In June of that year the maximum was $20. In January, 1920, it was $30 and in June, 1920, $25. In June, 1920, men cooks were getting from $20 to $100 a month in Hartford, $28 to $40 in Bridgeport, where women cooks got $35 to $65, in New Haven, men cooks got from $18 to $30 and women $10 to $20, in Norwich the men cooks got $150 and women cooks $17, in Waterbury, men cooks got 25 and women $40. WALLINGFORD PLANT WILL RESUME WORK Wallingford, Jan. 14. W. A. Ives Manufacturing company, makers of union-made tools, has notified all its employes to return to work Monday The concern makes augurs and bits. The plant has been running three days a week, with a small force. The nor mal force is about 50. Manufacturers 'Relations ' Between 400 and 500 of the leading manufacturing executives, employment managers and industrial workers of the East, representing practically all of the large manufacturiog interests will meet in Springfield, Friday, January 27, at the New England conference of the In dustrial Relations Association of Amer ica, for the purpose of formulating policies to be adopted generally py manufacturing interests in relations with their employes both during the re construction period and following it. It is the purpose of the conference to consider increased production and the wage element, and arrive at a gen eral policy for re-establishing co-operative relations between the executives and the hundreds of thousands of those engaged in industry. The conference will be held in co-operation with the Springfield Chamber of Commerce and H Two Years STATE PLUMBERS MEET AND PREPARE FOR LEGISLATURE Semi-Annual Conference, Held at Danbury This Week, Talks Over Bills. Danbury, Jan. 14. The semi-annual convention of the State Association of Plumbers and Steamfitters was held in this city on Saturday and Sunday last, and was attended by representatives from 36 local unions in the state. The convention met in Eagles' hall on Library place. In addition to the repre sentatives of the various locals in the state there were two representatives present from the Massachustts associa tion and one of the national organizers. The sessions were presided over by Harry Baney of Bridgeport, the state president. Trade matters were dis cussed and plans were made for bet tering working conditions in the state. A legislative committee consisting of Reginald Campbell of Bridgeport; John Evans, Greenwich ; Louis Killain, Meriden, and Clifford, Latimer, Dan bury, was appointed to draw up bills which will be introduced at the next session of the general assembly. The visiting delegates were address ed Sunday morning by John H. Riley, local organizer for the American Fed eration of Labor and representative of the Central Labor Union, and by Cor nelius F. McCue, vice-president of the Connecticut Federation of Labor. The visiting delegates were the guests of the local union at a dinner which was served in the Republic restaurant. The next meeting of the association will be held in New London in July, at which time officers for the ensuing ytar will be elected. CONGRESSMEN GRAB TOYS AS EVIDENCE IN TARIFF HEARING Walk Off With Everything in Sight After Mad Scramble For Loot.' Washington, Jan. 14. The staid business of tariff making went by the board Monday in the House Ways and Means Committee room while commit tee members indulged in a scramble for toys that rivaled a Christmas festivity. The committeemen went home with dolls and animals of all sizes bulging from their pockets for the joy of many congressional families. J. O. Foote, a toy manufacturer-of Stroudsburg, Penn., played Santa Claus. He came to appeal for tariff protection on toys, particularly celluloid toys. Every time American ingenuity turns out a new and appealing toy, he said, Japanese imitators duplicate it and ship over tons for sale at a lower wholesale rate than American factories can make. To support his argument, Mr. Foote came armed with a huge box of toys, a regular carload lot, even for a Santa Claus sled. He exhibited them to the committeemen, seated solemnly behind the great horse shoe desk on its high platform, which lends pomp and cir cumstance to Ways and Means Com mittee deliberations. His argument finished, Foote said he had no further use for his exhibits and the scramble began. The solons shuck ed off years as they used to shuck off their clothes at the old swimmin' hole. They were boys again in a second and when the rush stopped, the toy box was swept clean. CIGARMAKERS CARE FOR THE OUT OF WORK An unusually largely attended meet ing of Cigarmakers union, No. 39, was held in Trades Council hall on Tues day, about 400 being present. It was voted to pay members out of work $10 weekly benefit, proceeds to be raised by a 5 per cent, assessment on wages of members. About 65 members will re ceive benefits. Philip Montis and John W. Murphy were elected delegates to attend a con ference of New England cigarmakers to be held in Springfield, Mass., on January 16, for the purpose of considering con ditions in the trade and devising ways and means to improve same. To Plan With Employes the Employment Managers' Association of Springfield. There will be a morning and after noon session during the day of the conference, when speakers of nation wide prominence will speak. Although the complete program has not been fully made up the speakers will include Ora L. Stone of the Associated Indus tries of Massachusetts, L. H. Larkin, assistant to the president of the Bethle hem Steel Corporation, and Benjamin A. Franklin, vice-president of the Strathmore Paper Company of Hart ford. The conference will close with a banquet in the Hotel Kimball. On the day preceding and the "day follow ing the conference the visitors will be shown through many of the large manufacturing plants of the Connecti cut Valley, where industrial relations work has reached an unusually high standard. Change in Name and Date of Publication Beginning with the next issue the name o this publica tion will be the LABOR NEWS and the date of publication will be Friday at noon instead of Saturday as at present. The change in name is made necessary by circumstances not under the control of the present owners and management and to absolutely divorce the publication from its present name of THE CONNECTICUT LABOR PRESS. The change in the time of going to press is to be made in line with the intent to make the paper not only an official organ of Organized Labor and of particular interest to Labor men, but in order to ensure delivery Friday afternoon, right in the homes of the workers so that the housewife may have opportunity to read it before starting on her week-end shopping, and take advantage of the bargains which will be found on a weekly market page to be included each week. Through the general co-operation shown by the organiza tions not only in New Haven but about the state since the change in ownership, the way is being paved to make the paper bigger and better in every way, and it is the intention to continue the improvement until the paper is not only" inter esting in Labor matters but to have a general news value that will make it appeal to everyone, whether interested in Organ ized Labor or not. This co-operation is heartily appreciated and every effort will be made to ensure its continuance. ARMY OF UNEMPLOYED EXCEEDS FORCES SENT OVERSEES AGAINST HUN El- More Than 2,325,000 in Enforced Idleness at First of Year, Canvass of Labor Shows. There was more enforced unemploy ment in the United States during the first week of the new year than at any time since the money panic of 1907, according to reliable informative data on the situation obtained from officials of the Department of Labor, the Amer ican Federation of Labor and the rail road organizations. All agree that in dustrial conditions as applied to wage earners are far worse than at any time immediately preceding the war. The slump has hit every branch of industry except coal mining, and thousands of miners will oon be idle if factories, mills and shops continue closed for a month longer. From the data gathered it is estimated that there were 2,325,000 workers unemployed during the first week of the year. Surpasses Overseas Army This is a larger army than we sent overseas to fight to make the world safe for democracy and "a better place in which to work and live." Thousands of these unemployed marched to the front in General Pershing's "line of glory" with no thought that soon after their return home they would become candidates for the breadline. These figures do not include thousands of agri cultural employes who are idle by reason of the sudden fall of prices for farm products. Only three labor strikes of conse quence prevailed at the dawn of the new year. In West Virginia and Ala bama approximately 30,000 coal miners are out cdntesting for a living wage and the right to organize. In New York City 65,000 clothing workers are resisting a wage cut and a refusal of the bosses to renew union contracts. Hundreds of plants, large and small, have closed to force a reduction in wages, a scheme on the part of bosses to starve their employes into subjection. In other instances plants have been closed to maintain high prices of pro ducts and to dispose of surplus accumu lations at the prevailing rates. Labor is the chief loser. What Labor Officials Say Frank Morrison, secretary of the American Federation of Labor, says re ports reaching his office from industrial centers in all parts of the country tell of increasing unemployment and he es timates the number of workers affected at above two million. The Department of Labor is making a survey of unemployment with a view of gaining some idea of whether idle ness promises to be temporary or of long duration. This report will be made public about January 15 by the United States Employment Service. For the purpose of the survey the coun try has been divided into nine districts. Field workers have been engaged in making the canvass of the principal in dustrial cities with instructions to re port to Washington by January 15. John B. Densmore, director of the em ployment service, said that while he had no authentic figures at present, the state of unemployment was growing at an alarming rate and "probably exceed ed two million." DANBURY THROWS OUT ALL CIGAR CUTTERS Danbury, Jan. 14. In the interests of public health, the Common Council this week passed an ordinance prohibiting the use of the common cigar cutter in any store or public place where, through the use of such cutter disease might be spread. The ordinance is in line with similar laws passed by other cities. of the state, through the efforts of the cigar makers union, which was able to prove conclusively to the health authorities, the danger of infection existing in these common cutters. The Danbury board made the penalty for violation of the ordinance $25 for each offense and pro vided that the law become immediately operative. The practice of a man first wetting the end of his cigar before placing it in the cutter to be trimmed, has been found in many cases to have spread disease. It is hoped to make the law uniform throughout the state in the near future. Patronize The Labor Press advertisers. TWO OF LABOR'S GIFT TO WAR BURIED HERE Privates Brereton and Sullivan Laid to Rest With Impos ing Ceremony. The bodies of two of Organized La bor's contribution to the world war ar rived in New Haven this week and were given impressive funerals in which members of the unions in which both men had formerly been members took part with details from the Amer ican Legion. The men were, John J. Brereton, a'fbrmer member of the Trolleymen's union, and Michael L. Sullivan, a former member of the Brotherhood of Boilermakers and Ma chinists, and working on the New Ha ven road. Both were killed in action, in France and had been temporarily buried in that country. Private Brereton was a member of Co. F, 58th infantry, and Private Sul livan a member of Co. M, 316 infantry The former was killed on October 10, 1918, and the latter on December 18, 1918. Both men resided in St. Patrick's parish and their funerals were held with solemn high masses of requiem at that church. Both services were attended by friends and fiilled the church to do the final and only honor possible to the dead heroes. MACHINISTS TO HAVE INSURANCE FEATURE Organization Completes Plans for Protection On 400,000. The local lodge of the International Association of Machinists has received particulars from national headquarters at Washington of the insurance plan adopted. It provides that members be insured for $500, for a moderate month ly payment.. The association will not "carry its own risk" but will reinsure its members with one of the old line companies. It is understood in insur ance circles that the Metropolitan and Equitable of New York, the John Han cock and several other companies have put in bids on the I. A. of M. risk. Inasmuch as the association has nearly 400,000 members and its officers expect that the majority will take out the in surance, the total face of the policies written would be in the vicinity of $200,000,000. the legislature: In order that the worker may be kept informed as to what is going on in the Legislature at Hartford, which , affects his interests either financially or in his general welfare, the man agement of this publication will have an experienced staff representative at Hart ford on every day of the session and therefore be in a position to keep the readers informed as to exactly what is doing at the State capitol. The present session will be perhaps one of the most im portant ever held, the state finances being in such con dition as to make strict economy necessary, so that it behooves the worker, who eventually has to pay the bills, to keep in touch this time to see that nothing is "put over" on him. The Labor News will strive to look out for just that and it is up to every worker to get the paper and READ IT. Little For Labor in ) Legislative Boards HARTFORD WORKERS RAISE BIG FUND TO FIGHT PLAGUE Dance at Armory Merry Time as Well as Success. Foot Guard Hall, resplendent with the decorations used for the governor's ball, was a scene of festivity Thursday night when about 1,200 members of the Structural Trades Alliance attended the second annual entertainment and dance given by the association for the benefit of tuberculosis sufferers. Preceding the dance an entertain ment was given by local talent and later in the evening Bert Williams, the noted tenor now playing at Parson's theater, gave several selections accom panied by his own pianist. The local talent included Grade Harper, Hart fords' dainty 12-year-old toe-dancer; Earle Forbes, another youngster who trips the "light fantastic" with excep tional grace; Frank Barrett and Frank Broderick in baritone solos ; and "Jack Murphy's Entertainers" a quartet con sisting of Mary Ducey, Harry Burt, Bertha Garfinkle and Frank J. Buck- FRANK J. COONEY. ley, who entertained with specialty songs and dances that were loudly ap plauded. Harry Burt proved to be an original comedian and his song "Bimbo" brought down the house. The gross proceeds of the dance will be turned over to the Hartford tuber culosis committee, of which John F. Gunshanan is chairman. It was im possible to estimate the amount realized because of the fact that many tickets wero sold before the dance the receipts of which have not been turned in. The committee in charge, however does not believe that the amount will be as large as last year, when the tuberculosis committee received $1,437.05 from a similar dance given under their auspices.. The arrangements for the affair' this tar were made by a committee of which Frank J. Cooney was the chair man. Music was furnished by the Black and White Orchestra of Hartford un der the direction of Frank Costello. William Brennan, a member of the or chestra, sang to the accompaniment of instrumental music. The decorations from the governor's ball were used with the consent of F. B. Skiff, the dec orator. Refreshments were served by Max Walker, woh also catered for the governor's ball. MACHINISTS ASK INTERSTATE BOARD TO PROBE ROADS Charge They Are "Milking" Na tional Treasury of Billions Each Year. Washington, D. C, Jan. 14. Railroad companies are "milking" the national treasury of three-quarters of a billion dollars this year and are manipulating the funds in a campaign to drive the railroad unions out of business, accord ing to a petition filed with the Inter state Commerce Commission by W. Jett Laucn for the International Association of Machinists. The petition charges that the big carriers, especially those affiliated in a financial way with J. P. Morgan & Co., are closing their repair shops, throwing thousands of union men out of work, and are giving loco motive and freight car repair work, at extortionate rates, to large private equipment companies in which railroad capitalists or banking groups are heav ily interested. More than 30,000 union men already have lost their jobs under this plan, and can return to the shops only upon surrendering their union cards. In this fashion, it is charged, rail road managements hope to send the unions on the rocks, and charge the bill to the public through taxation to pay I the subsidies guaranteed by the federal government or by maintaining present high rates to shippers and the traveling public. This drive on workers in the railroad shops. Mr. Lauck charges, is but a phase of the "open shop" move ment which has for its real object dis ruption of all legitimate labor organiza tions and trade union agreements. Mr. Lauck points out in the petition that the railroads, while proceeding un der a government guarantee of fair (Continued on Eighth Page.) APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED AT OPENING THIS WEEK SHOW COMMITTEES THAT ARE DISAPPOINTMENT TO STATE LEADERS CITIES AND BOROUGHS TO HANDLE TROLLEY AFFAIRS IN WHICH WORKERS HAVE KEEN INTEREST. "With the appointment of committees and the introduction of a few minor bills, the Legislature of 1921 got under way at Hartford this week and after setting the limit for the introduction qf new business for January 28, adjourned until Tuesday next when both bodies promise to get down to business. The appointment of com mittees, especially that on labor, is a distinct disappointment to the Organized Labor leaders of the state inasmuch as the actual city worker, who is most intensely interested are hardly represented. ' ; On the other committees, such as the judiciary, public health and -the like before which Labor will have perhaps much to do, the . appointments were about as expected. The committee on education contains two of the women members of the House, which is pleasing to the Labor leaders inasmuch as before that committee will come the teachers bills which interest every worker because it is to his benefit that his children be properly taught and the teachers paid adequately. H Senator Pickett of Waterbury, the C. F. OF L. BOARD IN MEETING HERE ON PROPOSED LAWS Trolley Situation Among Import ant Matters to Be Decided Upon. The executive. board of the Connec ticut Federation of Labor will meet at the offices of the Federation in the Academy building here tomorrow to plan the legislative campaign to be in troduced at the present session of the General Assembly. The bills to be in troduced have been under consideration for some time past and after approval by the executive board will be present ed at Hartford probably next week. The bills will follow generally along the lines of those placed before the state conventions of the two big politi cal parties last fall and which were re jected by the republicans and adopted in all. but one particular by the demo crats. They include, amendments to the compensation law doing away with the waiting period afty injury, the direct election of judges, compulsory health insurance, light wines and beers, and changes to the so-called anti-boycott law. Special attention will be given during the session to the trolley situation and the committee will decide just what the legislative program of the Federation will be in this matter. The trolleymen's union, which is directly affected by the welfare of the trolley companies, is making a strong bid for the general support o,f organized labor throughout the state, for bills that will tend to re lieve the companies and ensure their continuance. It is probable therefore that the federation will lend its aid to passing bills that will not seriously affect the general worker or the public at large. , .. The executive board will also take up the unemployment situation through the state. The survey started some weeks ago, while hot entirely complete, is expected to be so near correct as to give the board a full undrstanding of the situation so that recommendations for relief where necessary can be made to the affiliated unions. WARN MACHINISTS NOT TO GO TO SPRINGFIELD Hartford Lodge Points Out Ruse to Push Individual Contract. Hartford, Jan. 14. Officers of the local lodge of the International Asso ciation of Machinists said last night that they are issuing a warning to ma chinists not to leave Hartford because of offers made by some Springfield manufacturers. It was said that the Moore Forge Company of that city had made particular attempts to induce men to work at its plant in Springfield, where many employes have left their work, because the company requires them to sign individual contracts. James A. Wrickham, general repre sentative of the machinists 'organiza tion in this district, said last evening that conditions in Hartford are im measurably better than in other cities in this and nearby states, so far as un employment is concerned. Ullman 'Between Devil and Deep Sea Over Job "Between the devil and the deep sea" is about the predicament of Col. I. M. Ullman, republican boss of New Ha ven, in the fight being waged hereabouts for the appointment of a collector of internal revenue to succeed James F. Walsh who will go out with the demo cratic national administration. There are two candidates in New Haven for the place. Fred. Orr, the doughty lead er of the Ninth ward and president of the Republican club, and Michael F. McGovern, republican boss of the 12th. ward and between them the Colonel is hard set to please either. , Orr unquestionably has a big follow ing in the Ninth and about the city, and managed to bring the Ninth back to the republican fold after it had been lots a couple of times to the democrats. He was a former deputy collector and knows the game and has also that in his favor. McGovern on the other hand only democrat in that body and who will probably introduce most of the Labor bills, was appointed to the com mittee on Congressional and Senator ial districts. This "will be an important committee this year inasmuch . as through the recent census the state will probably have to be redistricted into six congressional districts and the senator ial districts arrangement so made as to conform to the new population. The constitution provides that only 36 senators can b had and there are now 35 leaving only one place available. The way some of the cities have grown warrants a shifting of the districts and there will probably Te a "big rumpus over this if the country districts are doubled up. - The session Wednesday did little after the apointment of the-committees. It was decided that the commit tee . on Cities and Boroughs would . handle the trolley proposition which promises to be one the big matters of the session. Senator A. E. Bowers of Manchester and Representative Fred. L. Ford of New Haven are the chair men of the committee and they will probably have their hands filled. A few healing acts1 on the appointment of judges since the last sessipn were pass ed, Bridgeport was allowed to issue bonds uo'Yo six per cent, of its grand list and Shelton authorized to borrow money because its town funds are tied up in a bank failure. Among the other bills offered was one providing that the state bank commission shall frequently examine private banks to protect the uneducated depositor who has - been fleeced royally in the past. ' The principal committees in which the worker is particularly interested are as follows: Labor Senator Sanford, ch. ; Sen ator Eno ; Allyn, Vernon ; Warner, Wolcott; Wolfe, Windsor; Vail, Gosh en ; Rizner, Union ; Gregory, Easton ; Rowley, Colebrook; Simpson, Walling- (Continued on Eighth Page.- RAILROAD HEADS WOULD ABOLISH ALL WAGE BOARDS Want Right to Make Own Agree ments, Whitter Tells Commission. Chicago, Jan. 14. Testimony in favor of discarding all national 'adjustment boards and agreements between rail roads and employes was introduced in the hearing before the United States railroad labor board, by .E. T. Whitter, chairman of the railroad managers committee. Mr. Wnitter declared that the rates now in force and 'decisions un deri these rules "show clearly that no tribunal can make- rules applicable to varying conditions throughout the country." The railroads want the right to make their own .agreements, he said. "The rules have been applied with ambiguity, unreasonableness and restriction to the free and economical operation of the roads. The transportation act says the roads shall be run economically. Under such rules, that is impossible, and the public has to pay the bill." Asked if the national agreements should be declared not in effect by the board, if he thought the board should make new rules, Mr. Whitter declared emphatically that the railroads wanted no national jurisdiction, but the right of each road to make its own agree ments with its own employes. has had a long hard fight in the Twelfth, for years and years' a demo cratic stronghold, and has managed to' cut down the democratic lead so far as to become a power over that way. If the Colonel favors Orr, McGovern and his friends are likely to be sore and if he doesn't favor Orr, then the lat ter's friends are liable to sort of kick over the traces. CoL Bob Eaton of North Haven, former collector, is said to be out of the race and slated for the, job of prohibition director now held by Julius Stremlau. If Bob was in the race perhaps the Colonel could graceful ly switch to him without making either Orr or McGovern sore.. But the situa tion now seems to be developing where by neither will get the job but, it will go to some - upstate or Rhode Island man. The district includes Connecticut and Rhode Island and the job makes a berth worth playing for. . , . t j v 4 si '