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THE LABOR NEWS
intends and will live up to a policy of giving the boss as well as the worker a square deal. If there is any one who disagrees with this idea, we do not want and will not accept his support. OUR ADVERTISERS by their co-operation show their friendliness toward the Organized Labor man. They deserve your support in return. See that they , get it. 'f' dv s. VS. VOLUME VII. NUMBER 22. NEW HAVEN, CONN., FRIDAY JANUARY 21, 1921. JE THREE CENTS New Haven Open Shop Couuc.il Begins Active War On Connecticut Labor Organizations 0 iff o Labor Problems to e Taken Up by Civic National Body at Coming New York Conference to Plan Assistance in Stopping Bolshe vism and Other Dangers Col lective Bargaining to Be Up held. Outstanding industrial problems, with which the American people are con fronted today, from both the national and the international viewpoints, will be discussed at the 21st annual meeting oi the National Civic Federation to be held at Hotel Astor, New York City, beb ruary 14. 15 and 16, 1921. Many things have happened during the past year to encourage tnose wno have resisted the shallow sentimental ism that is clamoriner for the establish ment of a new social order and the tfrannincr nf evervthinff that is. There is the Socialist party clamor that was laid on the shelt in the rMovemoer elec tions. Instead of Debs doubling his vote, it was the electoral that doubled, leaving Debs tied to the (1912) post Also it was heartenincr to all friends oi orderly progress to see the so-called Farmer and Labor party "peter out" so completely. Then there were the fail ure of the Reds to capture the great railway labor organizations through out law strikes directed from Moscow th failure nf the Bolshevists to can ture the offices of the United Mine Workers of America in the recent elec tion nf that orcranization : the clear-cut position taken by the American Fed eration of Labor against the recognition of that impossible thing called Soviet Russia an d the house-cleanine: bv the A. F. of L. affiliated organizations, in 1 t . 1 T 111 XT D TTnn wmcn me j.. vv. vv., uuc mvm and other Bolshevist agents were sum marily ejected from all conventions. But we are not yet out of. the woods. If the United States were entirely iso lated from the rest of the world, short shrift could be made of Bolshevism and all of its appendages. But, "there's the rub!" Recently the headlines over a cablegram from London in a morning paper read: "European Radical Labor Chiefs Plan to Invade America!" "International Federation Will Seek to Overthrow the Gompers Organization!" The cablegram corfsisted of an inter view with the secretary of the Inter national Federation of Trade Unions in which he stated that "the International will not only ignore Gompers in the future but will begin an educational campaign in the American labor move ment over his head as well as outside of his jurisdiction. In the future we will look - to some other channels through which to get in touch with Amfriran workers as to what the In ternational really is and what it is- doing. The reason for the threatened in vasion of the United States is that the American Federation of Labor refused to join with the international labor groups in their attempts to throttle all governments that would not yield to their ultimatum in the interest of Bol shevist Russia. Among the demands made upon their own governments, which the American Federation of La bor was asked to endorse and to pre sent to its government, were : ' "Not a train carrying munitions must be worked ; not a ship laden with war materials must be allowed to leave har bor; not a single soldier must be trans ported. If necessary, mass action shall be taken by means of a general strike. The production of war materials must cease in all countries. Today it must, of its own accord and within its own ranks find the power to preserve the world from terror and annihilation." (Continued on Fifth Page.) MIDDLETOWN C. L U. ELECTS NEW HEAD Reports Show Situation Well in Hand and Locals in Good Shape. Middletown, Jan. 21 The Middle town Central Labor Union at its an nual meeting on January 17 elected, the following officers for the ensuing year: President, Anthony Fontanilla; vice president, John J. McCarthy; record ing secretary, Chas. Smith ; financial secretary and treasurer, Patrick H. Quirk; sergeant at arms, Ceasare Pas qualina ; trustees, Chas. Smith, Charles Bets and Fred Bowman. Reports of the various officers for the year juts passed showed the body in fine financial and moral condition despite the several troublesome affairs it had to go through with during the year. Great optimism was expressed by the officers for the coming year due to the increase in membership of the sev eral locals. The mass meeting to be addressed by Professor Fisher on February 1 is expected to bring the boys together in a way that will make Middletown one of the places on the map when it comes to a showdown on the "open shop." FOOTBALL STAR FOR ARMY. Baltimore, Jan. 20. "Bill" Wood. Johns-Jopkins star football player and captain of the team, has accepted an apopintment to West Point and will enter next July, provided he passes the physical examination, it was learned here. Federation gt SCHWAB SOAKED GOVERNMENT FOR SERVICES IN WAR $1 a Year Steel King Accused Be fore Committee of Being . "Steal" King. New York, Jan. 21. One dollar a year as a salary and $260,000 a month for his personal expenses is what Charles M. Schwab, head of the Beth lehem Steel Company, soaked the gov ernment for acting as director general of the Emergency Shipping Fleet, ac cording to testimony before the Walsh Congressional investigating committee here yesterday. A voucher for that amount made out to "personal expenses of an officer of the Bethlehem Ship Building corporation" who turned out to he Schwab, was found in the com pany offices by expert accountants em ployed to audit the affairs of the fleet corporation. Schwab was immediately requested to appear before the investigating com mittee next week and explain the vouch er if there is any explanation to be had. Col. A. H. Abadie, charged with un earthing the facts, after testifying as to the voucher, began to extol Schwab and told the committee whaf a fine man Schwab is and how he wouldn't con done any injustices to the government by his company. The committee mem bers apparently thought otherwise and will ask Schwab to tell how he come to have such an enormous personal ex pense for one month and how it was covered up as a charge against shipping instead 6f running it through on a regular expense voucher. Colonel Abadie, who formerly was auditor for the fleet board, was re moved, he testified, when he began to dig into the affairs of Schwab's com pany. He was "framed" and sent off on detached duty, he told the commit tee, but nevertheless experts employed by him had uncovered. the voucher and reported it to him. Chairman Payne of the shipping board stopped the audit of the Bethlehem company, he said, but afterward reinstituted it but in such a way as to be confusing. LABOR BILLS READY FOR LEGISLATURE Barbers Want Shine Stands Kick ed Out of Shops Because of Danger. The bills to be presented to the Gen eral Assembly by the Connecticut Fed eration of Labor for the benefit of all workers in the state, are in readiness and will be presented in the Senate by Senator Pickett of Waterbury probably on Tuesday next. The measures were gone over and perfected at a meeting of the executive board of the Federa tion here last Saturday and are sub stantially as told of before in this news paper. They include changes making the compensation act more broad, the direct election of judges, the erasure of the "intent to intimidate" clause in the anti-boycott law, eight hour day for women and children, and light wines and beers. In addition at the request of the bar bers of the state a bill was included providing for the removal of all boot black stands from barber shops. The odors from the polishes are not only a nuisance to the workers and customers, they say, but the dust raised by the brushing of shoes and trousers leg, is not only unsanitary but actually danger ous. Germs are scattered all over the shops and the customers, and such danger should be stopped, the barbers contend. therately Holding Up Deliveries of Coal Here "Coal Cheaper Here but There Is Little of It," read a Journal-Courier headline yesterday morning and at least this time we will agree with the Cour- r. Coal is cheaper and there is less of it for the sole and simple reason that deliveries of coal to this section are being restricted. By whom we do not profess to know but will let the fol lowing story speak for itself. The editor of the Labor News was standing in front of city hall on Thurs day when approached by a man who asked for the maritime official of the city. Frankly I couldn't tell him and started him for the U. S. marshal's office. On the way he told me his story and I then steered him to the customs' house office from where he was directed to the United States court. I took him there and he made his complaint. His story was that he had been a barge captain for many years got married on the job and raised a family of two youngsters on his different barges. Some months ago while "lay ing up" in Norfolk he was hired to take coal to New England. Every barge captain with a family has a little furniture they tote along so he took his to the barge assigned. He got it aboard and was nicely housed when he The Labor News Makes Its Bow Without Any Apology Today With this issue the name of this paper becomes THE LABOR NEWS, with, of course, Connecticut included, because it is essentially a state newspaper , the official representative of the Connecticut Federation of Labor as well as the official organ of the New Haven Trades Council. From this date on it is officially and formally divorced from the Connecticut Labor Press, which it succeeds. While the Labor Press functioned well for a time developments dur ing its latter days became such that the new publishers (all Organized Labor men) were forced to get away from the "has-been." To that end the name is changed, the date of publication advanced to Friday instead of Saturday and efforts are being made each week, to put out a bigger and better paper. THAT'S OUR AIM AND WE'RE GOING TO HIT THE TARGET. GET ABOARD AND LET'S GO. CONNECTICUT GAINS ONE CONGRESSMAN Gets Addition Even Though House Rejects Bill to Increase Seats. Washington, Jan. 21. At the end of the most turbulent session of the pres ent Congress, the House late Wednes day adopted the re-apportionment bill with an amendment limiting its member ship for the next 10 years to the present total of 435. Right at the start the effort was made literally to knock the bill in the head by striking out the enacting clause. It started a row during which the House got its feet tangled in parliamen tary proceeding from which it was iifted back into an orderly run with difficulty. As the bill stands the states which wili lose representation in the House are : Missouri, two seats, and Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi, Nebraska, Rhode Island and Vermont, one each. These 12 seats will be shifted to eight states in this order : California, three ; Michi gan, two ; Ohio, two ; and Connecticut, New Jersey, Ncrth Ciro!Ina, Texas and Washington, one each. DENTAL BRIDGEWORK UNDER COMPENSATION Man Who Has False Knocked Out Can Have Others. Teeth Is dental bridgework in the mouth a part of the anatomy? Compensation Commissioner Chandler says it is, upon which belief he decided favorably this week in the case of William Wilkie, who claimed that the Austin Company of Eastford should pay bills for the re placement of dentistry damaged while working for the company. Commission er Chandler held that dental bridge work, when fixed in the mouth, was anatomically a part of the individual and therefore should be considered in the cost of surgical and hospital attention. Commissioner Chandler referred to a decision of Commissioner Beers of New Haven, in which the latter held that an artificial leg was not a part of a man's anatomy, and said that dental bridge work was more permanent. FAVOR REGULATION OF COAL INDUSTRY Washington, Jan. 21. Regulation of the coal industry as provided in the pending Calder bill was endorsed yes terday by heads of two of the three government agencies which would be charged with administration of the measure. Edgar E. Clark, chairman of the in terstate commerce commission, and Dr. George O. Smith, director of the geo logical survey, both of which agencies together with the federal trade com mission would be called upon to en force the regulatory provisions, told the Senate manufacturers 'committee that the bill as drafted would be workable. was "relieved" and the barge didn't start this way. Three times that happened and he was out of luck and out of pay each time but finally he caught on to a eight barge tow to this city and other ports. He wound up here before the big storm O. K. but while unloading received a telegram telling him to unload and lay the barges up under another captain who would take them where they could be stowed for the winter. He, his wife and two kids were left stranded here. He had shipped for a round trip from Norfolk to New Eng land ports but had been summarily dis missed at New Haven, and his barges laid up, somewhere off or near Strat ford shoals, he said he understood. The eight barges in his tow were capable of bringing somewhere near 5,000 tons of coal here every trip. That's one item of it. Another end is that the captain and his family are stranded here, although he had signed for a round trip and from what we have learned from his effort since, is likely to be stranded here until he can sign on again somewhere. Yet nevertheless coal is scarce in New Haven and barges are being laid up. The captain certainly is not responsible. ASSEMBLY OPENS NOISILY BUT MANY FAIL TO HEAR IT Nine-Tenths of House Deaf, Ac cording to the Applications for Seats "Down Front." (Special to The Labor News.) Hartford, Jan. 21. Swamped, as was to be expected, by an avalanche of bills the General Assembly of 1921 got under way this week and with a measure lim iting the time for the introduction of new business to January 28, approving a measure to allow the state board of control an extra million to meet the current deficiency in the departments, and the appointment of a few minor court judges, got down to routine. One thing, important to labor men was ac complished on Wednesday when Speak er Huxford and other legislative lead ers got together and decided on an "unfavorable report" calendar whereon daily will be printed measures on which the committee , is opposed. This measure i- one long- needed, in asmuch as because of these unfavorable reports being buried and the fate of the bills not known until too late to have them called up for action from the floor, many a bill seriously affecting labor has died in committee without its sponsors being aware that it was dead. Not only labor matters but many other measures of importance were thus kill ed when they didn't suit the will of the committee members or the interests op posed to them and able to control the situation. Under the new plan every unfavorable report must be placed on a calendar to be distributed next day. Then it will lay on the table three days and give the sponsors for the bill a chance to have it called up for action. The opening session Tuesday was made merry in the House with the drawing for seats. According to the applications for seats "down in front" Continued on Eighth page.) FATHER OF LAW TO TALK ON COMPENSATION Prof. Willard C. Fisher to dress Middletown Mass Meeting. Ad- Middletown, Jan. 21. Prof. Willard C. Fisher of Columbia University, formerly mayor of Middletown, will speak at a mass meeting in the town hall on the evening of Februar 1. His subject will deal with workmen's com penastion. He was at one time a pro fessor at Wesleyan University and has claimed to be the father of "the work mens' compensation act in this state. While mayor of this city Professor Fisher created a sensation when he was alleged to have closed all places of busi ness on Sundays. The mass meeting on February 1 will be held under the aus pices of the Central Labor Union of this city. The Connecticut Labor Press is and has been for some time conducted as a 44-hour a week shop. It will continue to be so conducted in the future. MASS MEETING ON SUNDAY TO RESTORE RUSSIAN TRADE The committee appointed by the Trades Council some weeks ago, headed by Joseph Pede, to join in with the American Labor Alliance in an effort to restore trade with Russia, has completed its work and a mass meeting will be held Sunday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock in Music Hall on Court street at which the actual con ditions of trade with Russia will be presented. The meeting will be held under the auspices of the Trades Council and Mr. Pede will preside. The speakers will be Valentine Bausch of Massachusetts, a rep resentative of the Machinists Union, and Joe Cannon, not the congressman but a miner, and together they will present facts enough to lead the ordinary man to believe that the United States should drop its financial ends with the Russian people and let some of the great surplus of goods now held here go over there and relieve the worker here. With a Postoffice Box For Office, Starts The Campaign GOVERNMENT SUES NEW HAVEN ROAD ON OVERTIME LAW Charges Five Counts of Working Crews Over 16 Hours a Day. Suit was instituted Monday by United States Attorney Edward L. Smith against the New York, New Haven & Hartford railroad, alleging violation of the federal laws in causing employes on trains to work more than 16 hours in one day. Twelve counts are complained of in the suit, the penalty for which is $500 on eaeh count. . The act as drawn and which was ap proved on March 4, 1907, was designed to promote the safety of employes and passengers on railroad trains, in pro hibiting employes who are charged with the responsibility of operating trains from working more than 16 hours in one day, it being obligatory on the part of the railroad to arrange for the em ployes to have at least eight hours' rest m 24 beiore being again assigned for duty. It is alleged the violations named in the complaint were committed on trains sent out of Waterbury during the months of June and July, 1920, the trains being used in interstate traffic. The law provides that for train em ployes eight hours shall constitute a work day in cases of necessity they may be employed for not more than 16 hours continuously. JITNEY MEN ASK FOR C. F. OF L ORGANIZATION Drivers and Owners Seek Charter to Secure Better Co-Operation. At the request of a committe of Bridgeport jitney bus drivers and of the National Bus Owners' Association of the Park. City, made to the executive board of the Connecticut Federation of Labor here last Saturday, Secretary I. M. Ornburn will investigate a proposal to organize the jitney drivers and affiliate them with the Federation. Con trary to the articles published in the daily press, no objection was made by the Trolleymen's unions, the only statement of their representative, Frank O'Meara of Hartford, president of the State Conference Board, being to the effect that he was opposed to the Fed eration going into the legislature to fight for an unorganized body which was competing with organized men. No objection was made to the jitneymen being organized and the trolleymen did not threaten to withdraw from the Fed eration as the daily press stated. The jitney drivers were represented by a delegation from the Teamsters and Chauffeurs Union of Bridgeport while the bus owners were represented by J. C. Gallagher, head of the association. Mr. Gallagher simply stated that the employers had been approached by the drivers about their organizing and were not only agreeable but willing to co operate with the Federation in organiz ing them and making working agree ments that can be lived up to. The owners feel that with a substantial or ganization to deal with they and the public can get better service. BRINDELL DENIED CHANGE OP VENUE Albany, N. Y., Jan. 21. The court of appeals has declined to grant a stay in the trial of Robert P. Brindell and sus tained the action of the lower court in dismissing his appeal for a change of venue. Hundreds Yet Idle While Park Funds Are Hoarded In an effort to relieve the "unem ployed" situation as far as possible and yet at the same time carry the city finances in a proper manner, Director of Public Works John J. Lane and Supt. of Streets Edward Carroll have this week put more than 200 men to work at three days a week and will continue to put that number at work in relays until the situation is relieved. In direct contrast to what the public works department is trying to do is the atti tude of the park department which al though it has work for many men and plenty of money is not doing any thing toward relieving the situation until spring comes. Hundreds of men men with families are visiting city hall every day ask ing for jobs at any wage that will keep their families in food. The mayor's office is besieged, as is the charities de partment, and both turn them over to Director Lane. In the winter all out side city operations are ordinarily stopped, but to meet the situation this time he called in Engineer Nettle ton and learned that the Boulevard grading might go on because of the soft surface of the ground. Fifty or more men were at once given jobs of three days a week and when they end ed their shift 50 more were given a turn and if the weather holds out at least that hundred will have had enough to ive on for a few days. ASSOCIATION, WITH A RUBBER STAMP SECRETARY SEEKS TO ENLIST EMPLOYERS AND MERCHANTS IK CAUSE AND USES FRED GILBERT TO PUT IT OVER. TRADES COUNCIL MEETS THE DEFI. "The New Haven Open Shop Council, consisting of a group of Employers, Merchants and representatives of various trades", as reads a letter sent out this week to employers all over New Haven, is about to open war on the trades unions here. As a starter to enlist support, it adopts the noted legerdemain of A. C. Gilbert, once and apparently still an artist in tricks that puzzle, and with a handsomely printed volume of a speech by Mr. Gilbert in which the "Open Shop" theory is fully explained from Mr. Gilbert's viewpoint solicits the names of other employers and merchants who wish to follow. Mr. Gilbert, like in his olden days of performances, calls attention that he "has nothing up his sleeve" but a perusal of his remarks would lead those who know the real inside of the situation, to a different viewpoint. The circular letter and Mr. Gilbert's speech were brought be fore the New Haven Trades Council at its meeting Thursday night. The Council did not hesitate but promptly appointed a committee of three to look thoroughly into the letter and Mr. Gilbert 's remarks and to report their findings not only to the Connecticut labor organ izaions but to all organizations throughout the country. 0 LABOR PREPARES TO MEET ATTACK ON ORGANIZATION Conference Called at Washington for February 23 to Plan Defense. Washington, Jan. 21. Representatives of the 100 national and international unions affiliated with the American Federation of Labor have been called to meet in Washington February 23 "for the purpose of considering attacks now being made on the trade union move ment," according to announcement by hrark Morrison, secretary of the red eratiijn. The call for the meeting was sent out by Samuel Gompers, federa tion president. Secretary Morrison, who embodied his announcement in a fermal state ment, said tnat tne tortncoming con ference "is one of several similar gath erings that have been called by the American Federation of Labor during its history to consider unusual condi tions." In explaining further the in tfiiticn of organized labor to give at tention to attacks on trade unions, Mr Morn son said: "The attacks include attempts to es tablish the anti-union shop, wage re ductions, anti-strike laws, icompulsory arbitration, labor lniunctoins and a publicity that would mold the public mind to accept these backward steps." EXEMPTIONS LEFT IN CIVIL SERVICE BILL Retaining the exemption clause em bodied in the law repealed by the House and which is now awaiting action by the Senate, the state civil service com mission presented a new bill to the Legislature. The proposed bill would make it mandatory that department heads desiring exemption of their subor dinates from the workings of the civil service law apply to the commission in stead of seeking the exemption from the governor. Provision is made for appeal to the governor from the decis ion of the commission. Under the proposed law the governor, before giving a decision on an appeal, would be compelled to give due notice to the commission and afford it reas onable time to be heard. The proposed law exempts librarians and . assistant librarians in the State Library. Em ployes in departments of heads elected by popular vote would be placed in the civil -service. Then investigation showed that sev eral washouts about the city could well be taken care of now, the earth being without frost. Gangs were put on there and still other men put on regular street repairs. It is understood between the men and the city that it's three days each for every one and give the other a chance. AH are satisfied. As to the park department, that is run almost as a separate part of the city. An appropriation is made and it is spent by the park board as it sees fit. In addition to the regular appro priation the board this year has avail able a bond issue of a couple of hun dred thousand dollars that could well be spent now. In the various parks of the city there are acres and acres of underbrush that must be taken out be fore the new growth of spring but even appeals from other city officials fail to move the park officials to the point of putting needy men on this job now. With the open winter it could be done at even greater advantage now than in the spring, but the fussy old park board, or its management, must do it when the tine to do things their way arrives or not at all. Meantime hun dreds of men who could be given work to the benefit of the city, are rounding the streets looking for a job. Accord ing to Superintendent Amrhyn he has on all the men possible, but other city officials disagree with him. The circular letter unfolds tha the council is made up of "representatives' of the New Haven Branch, NatL Metal Trades Assn. ; New Have.' , County ers, rainters, Llectncians, Plumbers, upcincrs, jrnniers, rsaicers and Cith ers, truly a formidable list even though there are no names mentioned. It is signed by one Theodore F. Silkman. -v i : uutt representative JMana- iacturers Exhibit, and winds ut with me ionowine signincant statement : "Every endeavor is going to be mad io acquaint tne public with the trm principles of open shop methods of operation and at the same time use our efforts to see that as much work as possible is done on the Open Shop basis." There you have it in a nutshell. "To o- iiiai ao mu-ll as JHJSSlDie IS done on the open shop basis." That of course isnt a drive at trades unionism, it's purely to uplift the organized work- er out ot a slough of despond. Of course every union man can get a job in an open shop, just as soon as he throws up his organization and enslaves himself so that he cannot fight against any wage cut, increase of hours or driving that the boss may desire to put over to increase his profits. A. list of those who enroll in . the movement is to be prepared and placed In, .Jhe, hands of all and others, and while this of course will not be a black list against union men it could very well serve as a warning that union men neednt apply there ' for work as they (Continued on Eighth Page.) TRADES COUNCIL DEEGATES MUST ATTENDjaEEITNGS Secretary to Keep Roll and Re port Negligent to Locals Hereafter. Delegates to the Aew Haven must he rn h;- hereafter or thev will fir tu. trades Council on ThnreHa adopted resolutions instructing the sec retary to prepare a roll call of dele gates and hereafter any delegate who does not answer to his name will be reported to his union, and tha asked to send someone in his place who win artena to the business to which the delegate was elected. That decision was-arrived af after long discussion in .which the affairs of the Council were reported by Financial oecretary strihy as starting the new year in very good financial shape de spite the kicks it got in the Temple drive. The Council today is not only solvent but on a good footing and with the renewed interest the locals are showing will soon be prosperous. This renewed interest manifested it self at the meeting. Delegates who : are present every meeting asked by some locals were not represented instead of taking the reports of their closely affiliated brothers. John H. Smith of the Carpenters led the discussion and backed by the four delegates from his local put it over. Past President O'Meara agreed with the tsand taken and pointed out pertinently wherein some unions were "letting George do it" and then kicking. The result was that hereafter every delegate who does not live up to his duties will be sent back and some other appointed in his stead. The action was not taken in view of the "open shop" fight that is impending. The locals affected will not be involved1 in that trouble when, or if, it comes. Just because they are not involved, in Labor questions seems to be the reason their accredited delegates stay away. Now they will have to be present or men who will attend the meetings and report what is going on will be elected in their places. LONERGAN STILL SICK. Hartford, Jan. 21. It was said at the home of Congressman Augustine Loner Ran at 190 Ashley street yesterday that he was still sick. Dr. John B. Boucher is in attendance. Congressman Loner gan was operated on in New York city recently for appendicitis. He came to this city January 9.