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TO ORGANIZED LABOR THE LABOR 'NEWS is your paper . and its advertisers de pend on your support. Tell them you Saw It In The News an1 vprvAni urill K honnv LABOte pRESS rthnty to EMPLOYER 7 ..... " fjf ' ASSOCIATION VOLUME XI. NUMBER 57. Published weekly at 286-288 York St., New Haven, Conn. NEW HAVEN, CONN., SATURDAY, MARCH 22, 1924 Entered as second class matter at Post Office at New Haven, Conn, under Act of March 3, 1S79. PRICE THREE CENTS aterbury ntimidation Hjrerman-mencans iiesen Coolidge "Snub" To Lang Case Fa Is Flat, Court And His Passion Union Organizer ay era w w '5111 i PI Fr Show Resentment Here by Refusing to Attend Caucuses This Week Movement Nation Vide, They Assert, and May Wreck G. 0. P. Chances If President Is Nominated Statewide republican primaries, and caucuses were held all over Connecticut on Wednesday night and while the Roraback organization won out handily, it is figured, the republican managers got one of the shocks of their lives. In centers where people of German extraction are many and which have been always, especially sine the war, solidly re publican the vote was practically nil. The German-American voter wouldn't get out to the. caucuses or primaries and let the matter of dele gates to the conventions go by default. Why this serious defection in the G. O. P. Ranks caused the party man agers great concern and their shock was even greater next day when they learnd that not" only here in Connecti cut have the German votrs deserted the party but that i extended nation wide and may affect seriously the plans to nominate President Coolidge and may even defeat him if nominat ed, as looks likely now. The reason for it all, according to German citizen quizzed by the Re publican party leaders was President Coolidge's alleged snub of Anto Lang and his associates of the famous Pas sion Play, a week or so ago when they visited the White House" by appoint ment and were then virtually shown the door when they attempted to make' formal greetings to the president. The prsident's later explanation that he didn't intend to snub but was prevented by diplomatic courtesy and customs fro mreceiving any such formal greet ings fro mforeigners visiting here, dkr n't explain to the satisfaction of the Germans and they immediately (started o show heir resentment, th first epi sode of which was their refusal to turn out at the caucuses here on Wednes day. They claim that if the president did n't intend to snub Lang and Ms col leagues then he lacked tact in his re sception of these. They point out that visitors of other nationalities have been received a the White House by Prsi dnt Coolidge and made very welcome whrein when Lang and the other Pas sion Player, Germans all of them sought similar courtesy they were lim ited to two minutes by one speaker and that Lang was prevented from speak ing at all. The Passion Players are admittedly in this country to renew the rienifship that existed before the war between the Geman and the American people. Making a display of their 'wood carvings in the meantime. It was not their intention in any way to embarras the government or the presi dent in their call at the White House. Th rank and file of Americans of Ger man extraction feel however that the Whit House delibraetely took occa sion to wash iis hands of thm and they are therefore going to retaliate. On pominent Connecticut Germn, when asked point blank the reason for his epublican fiends emaining away teupam-php' shdlu shdlu shdlu hdluhm trom the caucusses stated just as yoint blank that it was resentment to Mr. Cooyidge's action toward the Passion Players. Religion doesn't enter into it at all, he declared, as the Passion flay is recognized as non-sctarian by th ntir civilizd word and it was thr fore impossible o bring church mat ter into the matter. It was simply a case of a German delegation not be ing welcomed at the White Hotjse, he dclared ,and if the present incumbent dosn't want them, then they are willing to accept the condition and return the compliment by doing nothing for the president, as is. That the above is nationiwde, and will take more definite form shortly, he asserted. This will pr'obablyy be in the nature of protest meetings before the Cleveland convention, if Mr. Coo lidge is nominated there as now is ex pected, there are more than a million German Americans throughout the land who will probably remain away from the polls election day, he concud ed. What this means to the republicans can readily be appreciated by those who would review the campaign four years ago. The voter of German ex traction, almost to a unit, opposed the democrats because under their admin istration America had entered the war against Germany and turned the tide of the conflict. In combination with the Italians, incensed over Fiume, and the (Continued on Page Five) PATTERN MAKERS OF NEW ENGLAND HAVEABANQUET Assembly at Hotel Garde Fine Affair, and Will Be Repeated All roads seemed to lead to New. Haven, on Saturday, March 1, endng at the Garde Hatel, where the New England pattern makers were assem bled to enjoy a very successful banquet. The large banquet hall was filled to capacity with the boys from New York, Bridgeport, Anonia, Hartford, Nor wich, and New Haven. Not only was a good dinner enjoyed, but the comriittee had arranged an ex ceptionally good program consisting of a formidable array of speakers and entertainers. A unique printed program and menu, drafted by Bro. Chas. McLean, was before the diners as they grouped around the artistically arranged tables. It was: The Hungry Man'ji Bible Banquet Pattern Makers' Association of New England March 1, 1924 Hotel Garde, New Haven, Conn. Lay Out Board Lamp Black Cocktails Spoon Gougas Female Brass Dowels Puree Glue Heel Core Prints Young Milk Fed Foreman Red Shellac New Putty No. 4 Leather Fillet Assembled Drawings. Melted Bees Wax Sandpaper Blocks Black Shellac La Corona Alcohol Torches Hump Back Pattern Makers The speakers were : Wm. A. Cun liffe, Toastmaster; Senator Joseph Tone, George Q. Lynch, James L. Ger non, James Wilson, General President ; Harold Ware. Recitation, songs and dances by professional entertainers. When President Wilson, the last speaker on the program, concluded a most wonderful address, just shortly before midnight, the audience showed their marked appreciation by their long continued applause. The 'committee in charge was as fol lows : David Belhummer, Frank Tighe, John Allessie, Richard Porter, Oliver Finch, Sydney Gilbert, Carl Lind, Charles McLean, Harry Riedel, Joseph Adams, Hugh Cox In the near future a joint affair of this kind will be held in Hartford or Bridgeport. PRINTERS LOCKED OUT TO EVADE WAGE AWARD Long Beach, Cal., March 22. The Morning Sun has locked out its com posing room members of the Typo graphical union and declared for the anti-union ship. Many excuses are made by the pro prietors for this move, but th print ers point out that they are entitled to more than $15,000 back pay througfi a wage award that was recently made. The newspaper hopes "to evade this award, which is retroactive since last May. PRESSMEN RAISE WAGES Los Angeles, March 22. Web print ing pressmen have raised wages $3 a week, with back pay from December 1 lapt. Improved working conditions are also secured. LABOR COLLEGE TO BE GIVEN FORMAL START WEDNESDAY New Haven Tradesmen to Meet En nrrasse and Decide on Courses and Form Classes for Study Dfinite action with th eestablishment of classes and courses in the proposed Labor College in New Haven will be taken at a general meeting of Labor men interested to be held in Trades Council hall. New Haven on next Wed nesday night. Already more than a half hundred have enrolled and there is little doubt but that many more will take up the studies at the meeting. A meeting of the committee headed by Frank A. Fitzgerald, was held thijs week with Prof. E. S. Furniss of Yale and the Rev. E. Clarke Kennedy who are vitally intereted in the success of the venture. A thorough canvass of the mosts and details was made and it wajS decided that the expense to many would not be more than $4 or $5 a course, with two courses probably taken by each student. At the meeting of the trades council on Thursday night three proposals were made for continuance of the col lege. These were that each Individual union provide a scholarship for at least one of its members, second split the costs with members desiring to take up the studies and finally to have the member stand the expense himself. The courses will occupy two months at first because of the approach of summer. Each class will have its own night of about two hours' tudy and discussion, the courses to start prob ably being TJ.. S. History. Organized Labor History. Economics and Public Speaking. The larger the classes the less the cost to those" taking them. Most of the text books will come through the Workers Educational Bureau of the A. F. of L for which the Council has already subscribed. TROLLEY SHU? JURISDICTION TO BE DECIDED ON Carmen and Machiniss Both Claim Authority Over Mechanics in Car Works T0 settle the question of jurisdiction over men employed in machine work in the New Haven Trades Council was ordered appointed on Thursday night to bring the disputants together and arrange the matter. Both the Machin ists and Trolleymen's unions claim jur isdiction over the machine men em ployed by the Company and while there has as yet been no real clash over the rights the interests of both unions occassionally clash. To adjust it Elm Lodge of Machinists asked the Coun cil to intervene and a committee to bring about a settlement will be ap pointed by President Smith. The meeting Thursday ajso received a communication from the trolley com pany in reply to the council's action against increased trolley fares in which it was stated the increase was princi pally due to the raise in wages granted the trolleymen last year. Ths amounts to between $750,000 and $800,000 a year General Manager Punderford stated and while the company was loath to increase fares it was the only way out The Council also received letters from Congressman Tilson and Senators Mc Lean and Brandegee in reply to reso lutions sent them favoring bills in con gress raising the pay of postal workers and placing employes of the govern ment in the District of Columbia under compensation. As usual all three prom ised "to give the bills their careful con sideration." STEEL WORKERS TO MEET Pittsburgh, Pa., March 22. The forty-ninth annual convention of the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Tin and Steel Workers will convene in this city Tuesday, April 1. THOMAS J. SPELLACY Of Hartford TWO PAPERS DRAG SPELLACY INTO THE DAUGHERTY PROBE New Haven" and Waterbury Journals Then Have to Take Him Out Again With Humble Apologies An evident attempt of "underling' editors on two ofthe morning' papers of the state to connect Thomas J. Spel lacy of Hartford, one of Labor's firmest friends in Connecticut, with the Daugh erty scandal at Washington was macse on Tuesday morning of this week but like every other attempt to discredit a man against whom no discredit ex ists, it fell flat. The offending papers were forced to "swallow" their own words the morning after and made due apology to Mr. Spellacy after he had issued a statement denouncing the attempt to involve him in the me$p. A witness before the senate com mittee probing Daugherty mentioned on Monday a "Thomas G. Spellacy, a secret service agent, as being mixed up in the fight film showis in various states. Nowhere was it said that was Thomas J. Spellacy of Hartford, Con necticut, who was the man but rather the Monday dispatches made it plain that it was a man now in St. Louis. and whose home is Schnectady, N. Y. The afternoon papers all carried it as it was although it is certain that had it been Thomas J. Spellacy of Hartford, every one of them would have pub lished that fact, some of them with pleasure no doubt. Then on Tuesday morning the New Haven Journal-Courier in tTiree column headlines declares that "THOMAS SPELLACY" had been involved in the Daugher.ty scandal leaving the impres sion that it was the Hartford man, had the reader not gone farther into the case. Then even worse went through, undoubtedly, one of its editors, inserted "Hartford Conn." after the use of the name in the body of the story. S; nultaneously the Waterbury Re publican, admittedly an opponent pol itically of Mr. Spellacy came out and almost postitvely identified him as the man drawn into the fight film scandal and there again Hartford. Conn, was brought in to prove it. Both these journals get the Asso ciated Press report of the doing at Washingtond and. when the stories were called to his attention Mr. Spel lacy promptly got in touch with the Associated Press offices and found that nowhere in their running accounts of the investigation had . either the name Thomas J. Spellacy of the mention of Hartford Conn., been made. The only inferen left was that the editors hand ling the news matter in enxiety to get a local sensation out of the standal crop had let their zela run away with their brains and pulled a "bloomer." Mr. Spellacy at once demanded a re traction and both journals made it due form and with much prominence in their succeeding issues. The city of Waterbury was mentioned in brief in the dispatch, to the effect that the wit ness then testifying, one Holbridge had visited that city for a conference with one of the promoters of the fight film display. Nowhere however, there was Mr. Spellacy mentioned, but the editor of the paper probably jumped to con clusionjs and then had to retract. To do them justice it must be said that had the owners of the papers any thing to do with the matter the stories would not have been printed as they were. The publishers are far too care ful of libel suits to stand for any such thing no matter what their personal views of a prominent man as Mr. Spellacy may be. Mr. Spellacy's state ( Continued on Page Five) COMPENSATION IS GRANTED WIDOW OF SLAIN POLICEMAN Waerbury Dfstrict Award First of Kind in State Sinuce Law Existed Waterbury, March 22. The first award of compensation to the depend ents of a policeman killed while on duty in this state was made thisjweek when Compensation Commissioner Frederic M. Williams awarded Mrs. Katherine M. Tehan, widow of Police Lieut. Finton Tehan, a lump sum of $5,127.45. Lieut. Tehan was fatally injured Jan. 24 when he was struck by a truck on North Main street. He died a few dayp later at the Waterbury hospital from the effects of a fractured skull. Lieut Tehan had been assigned to take charge of traffic work throughout the city preparatory to taking up the new post, when he was killed. Until the state compensation law Was amended at the last session of the General Assembly, policemen and firemen were not eligible for compen sation, as they were not employes un der the meaning of the law but were appointed. The law wajs amended 1 largely through the efforts of Commis sioner Williams, who in urging the amendment tothe Judiciary committee at the legislature called their attention to the case of Detective John F. Dona hue who was shot to death by an in sane man in the police station here in 1920. The relatives of Detective Dona hue received nothing but a small pen sion. . An informal hearing was held in the case of Lieut. Tehan, there being no question raised. Commissioner Wil liams found that according to the mor tality tables. Mrs. Tehan's expectancy or life was twice the 312 week period of compensation which would make her eligible for compensation at the rate of $18 a week for 312 weeks. TRADES COUNCIL MAKES CHANGES IN MEETING HALLS Removes Doors Pending Full Com pliance With Fire Marshal's Orders Temporary changes to comply with the orders of Fire Marshal Fleming of New Haven in line with the new fire code of the city were made in Trades Council hall this week to cover the safety requirements while arrange ments for the general changes ordered by the marshal can be made. The doors to the business agents' offices from which the fire escapes lead, were taken down and will remain down un til the matter of newfire escapes and further fireproof arrangements are settled. The marshal has ordered doors cut between the two big meeting halls, fire extinguishers provided, new fire es acpes placed on the side of the build ing with doors opening right onto them and the boiler room in the cellar fire proofed throughout. There is a ques tion as to whether the Trades Council or the owner should make these changes, the Council admitting liability for those ordered inside the third floor which it occupies. As to the new fire escopes and boiler room the Coyncil believes the owner should stand the expense. The board of trustees now has the matter in hand for adjustment. ROAD ENDANGERS LIFE Hartford, Conn., March 22. The strike-bound New York, New Haven & Hartford railroad continues to endan ger life and property. The latest wreck, near Whitinsville, Mass., in jured 33 passengers, three of whom were injured seriously. Passengers said the trouble was due to the rear car coming loose from the trucks. Garment Workers Representative Discharged When, Lawyer Charges Frameup and Evi dence Is Woefully Lacking of Alleged Threats Waterbury, March 22. As predicted in The Labor News of last week, the anti-labor element in the Brass City staged another fiasco in its efforts to disrupt existing unions and prevent others from form ing, when it caused the arrest of one Jacob Grossman of 224 North Main Street, an organizer for the United Garment .Workers on charge of intimidation. Judge Abner P. Hayes of the city court, before whom Grossman wast tried, promptly discharged him when there was not a shred of evidence that he was guilty of the crime charged. OSBORN UPHOLDS CONVICT LABOR AS NOWCARRIEDON Editor in Letter to Gompers and Con gressman Opposes Proposed Ban Washington, D. C, March 22. Nor ris G. Osborn, editor of the New Haven Journal-Courier and president of the board of directors of the Connecticut State Prison has written to Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, and Representa tive Schuyler Merritt of Stamford, ex pressing his opposition to-the bill to exclude from interstate commerce good made by convict labor. The bill is now under consideration by the House Committee on Labor, and is being supported by the Ameri can Federation of Labor. It would keep from interstate commerce an goods manufactured w-holly or in part by the labor of convicts. Osborn represents the attitude of Connecticut ftate officials, and states five reasons for opposition to the bill. The present practice in Connecticut is to parole many convicts on condi tion that they find employment. These men are engaged in the production of many commodities, which form a con siderable part of interstate commerce, but they are still convicts. If the bill were passed they could not . find em ployment with commercial concern, and under the state laws would be forced to return to prison confinement. Osborn asserts. In comparison with the total value of all goods in interstate commerce, the value of the goods produced by convict labor is so insignificant that its effect on free labor is negligible, he declares. Small states would be put under a great handicap by the measure, accord ing to Osborn, as they would have tc dispose of the products of their prison shop withi ntheir own confines. Con necticut, any many other states, mat? r:a!ly lower the cost of operation of their penal institutions by the sale of fccods made by convict labor and he warns it continued. REFUSES TO CONFER Chicago, March 22. Employers of striking dress makers refuse to accept Mayor Dever's invitation to Join with him in a conference to adjust this dis pute. There are more than 3,000 em ployes mostly girls involved. They are asking or a living 'wage and shorter hours. State's Attorney Crowe has placed the machinery of his office at the dis posal of the bosses, and a vicious gang of plain-clothes men are intimidating the girls. The mayor stated to a cit izen's committee whQ called on him in the interest of peace that 90 per cent, of the trouble connected with this strike can be traced to the state's at torney's office. Working with the ploin-clothes men are manufacturers' gun men who am also given a free hand by Crowe to terrifv and assault. WOULD ELECT JUDGES Washington, March 22. Amend the constitution so federal judges can be elected is proposed by Senator Dill of Washington. Members of the United States supreme court would be select ed from the federal judges in lower courts. CAR MEN RAISE WAGES Augusta, Ga., March 22. An arbi tration board has awarded street car men an increase of cents an hour. (bpecial to The Labor News) Grossman it was charged came to this city from New York where a strike of garment workers is now on, and threatened with death one Louis Luria, a garment worker, who it was set forth in much legal verbiage desired to con tinue to work at his trade but was afraid to do. so because of the awfu) things threatened by Grossman if he did. Work for the New York firms struck against was being done in Wa terbury and other places and it was added to prevent this, it was alleged that Gossman and others came to Wa terbury and conspired against the peace and stability of the state and na tion and the peace of mind of garment makers to stop it. AH of which was contrary to law but when the hineous offense of threatening Luria with death was added then for the peace and good name of Connecticut, he hould forth with be committed to the Bastile. But Grossman, instead, secured the vrseices of Attorney Thomas F. Mcr Grath and what he didn't do to the flimsy evidence that was presented to convict Grossman was a caution The threat te kill was alleged to have taken place in a restaurant where Luria was eating his breakfast in the peace and safety 'guaranteed him by the consti tution of these United States and the Open Shoppers. Then an dhere with force of arms and a few other things, Grossman also ben upon eating, did wander up to said Luria, said-the com plaint and boldly and wilfully asked him if he was going to work that day. When Luria said he was then, the com plaint continued, Grossman against the peace of the state and society of Brass manufacturers, did then and there mal- isiously threaten said Luria with the penalty of death if he so wen to work. Luria then, it appears from the evi dence attempted, did turn green, yel low or some other color in fear and did while in that agitated state run from the restaurant and in mortal fear for his life did summon a policeman and tell him his plight. Later Gross man was arrested charged with intimi dation and held in $500 bonds. The charge was later changed to breach of the. peace but even that didn't hold. Luria on the stand told a graphic story of the terrible threats on his life. The restaurant was well filled, 50 or 60 being present he admitted but although several there at the time, in cluding employes said to have been close to the scene were placed on the stand non of them could, would or did admit hearing anything of the kind as alleged by Luria. The cashier at the door did remember him rushing out considerably excited but that was about all Attorney McGrath charged the mat te was a frameup from start to finish and that the case had been tried out in the daily papers days before it came to the court and that even bolstering up of the case had failed to produce an iota of evidence that Grossman had done the acts chaVged against him. Judge Hayes agreed with the attor ney, entered a complete discharge in the case and thus ended another epi sode of the movie comedy of Water bury anti-union organization to dis rupt the unions or put the fear of the master's voice in them by sending some of their officers to the hoos-gow. Bought Sawed-Oi Shot Guns Dubeque, Iowa, March 22. A politi cal campaign now on reveals that the city manager expended $500 for sawed off shot guns. Iron molders were on stkire at the time, and the city man ager was told the hot guns were necessary to protect life and property in this homey burg.