Newspaper Page Text
LABOR (Connecticut) NEWS Published Weekly by The Oraburn Press,NInc. 148 George St., Telephone Colony 1082 New Haven, Conn. Presenting to the workers and the public the facts concerning matters Affecting labor and the wage earner's interests at large. Constructive in policy and non-partisan in politics. Free from domination by any interests 'Or factions, either within the labor movement or without. An exponent of justice to all, a square deal to employer and employee alike, with a desire to serve the best principles of trade "unionism and at the yiame time create a better understanding and co-operation between capital rd labor. The Labor News is in no sense responsible for any article which appears except unsigned articles in editorial column. All other pages are devoted o news and contributions, and may often describe or advocate matters opposed to The Labor News and its policy. The publication of a signed r news article must not be construed in any sense an endorsement of it. Entered as second class matter December 2, 1016, at the postoffice at Jew Haven. Conn., under act of March 3, 1879. Three Cents per Copy NEW HAVEN, CONN., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1924 FOREIGNERS DO OUR WORK "Aliens mine three-fifths of our bituminous coal, 65 per cent, of our copper ore, over 50 per cent, of the iron ore; they do three quarters of our construction work, three-fifths of the slaughtering and 1 meat packing, 80 per cent, of the sugar refining; make about 65 per cent, or our woolen and cotton goods, more than DU per cent or the fabricated steel and iron, and do the greater part of railroad and high way construction,' says Industrial Progress, which adds that "there can be no question of the contributions made to America's upbuild ing by immigrant laborers. America needs and wants immigrants, but it wants those of its own choosing, who will make desirable citi t zens.. More than 8,600,000 immigrants with mentality below normal and who would have been denied admittance to this country under a selective plan, have been admitted during the past 33 years, said Secretary James J. Davis, of the United States Department of Laboi in pointing out the need of selective immigration. There are slightly less than 14.000,000 foreign born residents of the United States, and Mr. Davis has classified them as follows: Very superior, 153, 128: superior. 403,700; high average. 1,0126,21 1 ; 914; inferior, 4,278,573; very inferior, average, 3,702,904; low average, 2,296, 2,060,262; total, 13.920,692. Not more than one-tenth of our alien-born population is naturalized. . Right-thinking employers are as much opposed to unrestricted immigration as to its prohibition under further restriction. The em ployer has a greater stake in the quality of the citizen than in the mere volume of labor, but it cannot be denied that "the United States has secured its industrial development in continuing reliance upon a supplemental flow of desirable labor." No law can be too drastic in barring undesirable aliens from our shores, but it should provide a safeguard from economic dangers which keeps out workers whose muscular energy will always find need and use in America." POLITICAL INGRATITUDE Evidently Ramsey MacDonald, premier of England, is being ' persecuted, or in other words, he is the victim of that germ political ingratitude. From the looks of the whole thing he is being handi capped not only byjiis opponents of whom you can not expect any - thins else, but the Brutus act is also being employed by the members of his nfwn nartv From this we the program of this brand of ingratitude. No-doubt Ramsey Mac Donald is doing the best he can and to further obstruct his passage . is exactly like the many radicals or individuals that are monkey wrench throwers which we have in America at the present time. This brand of individuals are a -class that if they get everything they'ask ' r J-.i i c I L: .! -u:i, t-i sir j c j i v iiir v w 11 1 1 ni iiiiriiiiiiv must still have and give them this not be satisfied. This class are a set that you , America is full of them. But in complex to the whole situation. - his unbiased duty and show this element that America is for America. " The rear American has something to do outside of always looking for minute flaws. The average American has some possessions. He has worked for them by the sweat of his brow. He is ready to protect them, take what it will. In America we Have all different nationalities. It would never do to evene attempt 1 to let them all have their ways and whims. They must be educated - that some one must be boss and that the faster they1 realize this the better it will be not only fW themselves, but for all. Every man in business has his troubles. Every man in business can not be termed as big business and used for the dogdem act. The business men in the general run are ready to go 50-50 in all ways, but will not be stepped on any more than the employe. Today it is nothing but a case of self-protection and never blame anyone for protecting himself, that is his American right and he would be a fool if he didn't look out for himself, that is in playingthe 50-50 game. We have always had perfect confidence in Ramsey MacDonald and we bet that when the time comes this premier will be perfectly able to give a good conscise account of himself. In the meantime keep your eye on him just for the sake of seeing what common sense ,, will do when the proper time comes touse this substance. ROOT OF SUCCESS IN LIFE The New York Times says that "Elihu Root is the John W. Davis of the Republican party a lawyer of great distinction, a clean, highminded man who should have been nominated for the Presi dency years ago." Unostentatiously and most effectually Mr. Root does large public service of a-sort that it not proclaimed in front page headlines or echoed in a run-over to page two. He is chairman of the board of trustees of Hamilton College, from which he gradu ated sixty-years ago, and annually at the opening of the session, he speaks to the student body. v On Saturday a week ago, with the boys sitting at his feet, Mr. Root talked to them of success in life. Here is what he said: "The development of your inner faculties constitutes true suc cess. There are grave differences in the standard of success. Power, wealth and fame, each have been objectives, but each in itself is noth ing. Money enough to be independent is a fine thing, yet a truly suc cessful man is one who has acquired the capacity for the enjoyment or lire. Success comes or what you have made of your inner nature. Cultivate your powers for the joy you may obtain from their employ ment: cultivate friendshio and those rrhr simnlA vi'ihm urkik ot- . ( V VI.IIWI W commonly admired. No man is truly happy who must depend on out side things for his happiness. Success that is blazoned in the press and praised by all does not come from direct approach. You do not win wealth, power or station by direct assault. They come only from and by the development of stalwart manhood." Seldom have these great truths been more happily phrased or more impressively put. And what do they echo? What is the basis of the 'conviction of the great old New Yorker that "no man is truly happy who must depend on outside things for his happiness?" Is it not to be read in answer of the Teacher to those who demanded of Him "what when the Kingdom of God should come?" "He answered them and said, the Kingdom of God cometh not with observation, neither shall they say, Lo, here! or lo there! for, behold the Kingdom of God is within you." Mr. Root is truly the psalmist when he says: 'Cultivate your taste to receive joy from a thing of beauty, cultivate your powers for the joy you-may. obtain from their employment, cultivate friendship and those other simple virtues which are so commonly admired." THE a $1.50 per Year take that America is not alone in 111111111 1 11 w 1 1 -i 1 inrv 1 1 iik. mrv thing tomorrow and they still will could not please, try as you will. America you will find a different It behoves every American to do CHAMPAGNE The most ridiculous thing in the whole political campaign is the efforts of Young Roosevelt trying to follow in the footsteps of his illustrious father. If that bird should live to be a thousand years old, and gain knowledge every year of his life, even at compound accu mulation, he would not and could not reach in the thousand years the place where his father began to say nothing of the great position old Teddy had reached when the end of his useful life came. Ridic ulous, it is, yet there is something pathetic about the ambitions of the , , . 1 . . u v made his old daddy the most popular man m the whole world. Young Roosevelt s appeal to the populace when compared with the magne- tism ot old ledoy, tmng aoout me experiences when he begins his evening on sparkling champagne, and lmen Qf san Francisco picturesque em ends it drinking near-beer. Ibarcadero now are consuming 5,800 KEEP YOUR EYE ON When this republic was bom, and for many years afterwards, working men were not regarded as citizens under the law. They were not eligible for office nor could they vote unless they possessed a certain amount of property and in this case it was property, and not that man, who voted. 4 Clear up the middle of the nineteenth century labor unions were treated as criminal conspiracies. Free schools' for the children of the toilers were unknown and the newspapers still offered rewards for run-away apprentices, escaped Caucasion bond servants and inden tured servants. It was not until the labor union entered the stage of history that things began to change for the better for the men and women of toil. With the entrance of the labor union came citizenship, , free schools, the abolition of white man slavery, social legislation and the mitiga tion of child and woman labor. Whatever we have gained we have gained through our unions and brotherhoods. Without them the workers would still be the he lots and pariahs of America. The first and foremost consideration of every intelligent worker should therefore, be the preservation of his union and the greatest menace to unionism today is the injunction disputes between Capital and labor. The injunction is not applied against "upper" and "middle" class organizations who seek to improve the lot of their members by collective action. It is not applied against the unions of manufac turers, lawyers, bakers, butchers and candle-stick makers. Yea, it is not even applied against our brother farmers when they seek to raise the price of their products through pools and other forms of col lective bargaining, j The injunction is reserved almost exclusively for the men and women of toil when they strive for improvement in their condition by withdrawing their labor power, the only commodity they have to sell, from the labor market. No employer is ever enjoined from closing his plant and thereby throwing thousands of willing workers on the street. The excuse that he cannot operate at a profit is sufficient to justify the ruination of his human machines. But let a labor union close down a plant for the reason, that the workers are not able to procure a human existence and immediately the strong arm of the law falls upon them with the injunction. We do hot ask for special privileges. We do not cry for class legislation. All we ask is that life embodied in labor shall be treated with the same tender solicitude with which we treat capital -invested in money making enterprises. Give life the same consideration given to property and we will take care of the rest. Give labor the same freedom in the pursuit of life, liberty and happiness that you give to capital in the pursuit of rake-off, profit and dividends and we shall not complain. j;. All we ask is the good old American privilege of a fair show in the struggle for existence. The injunction does npt treat capital and labor with even handed justice. The injunction is a hobble on the limbs of labor. It is the handi cap in the race of life. , WORKERS' WAGES , 1T0 get a true picture of trie working class family requires more lated cases lhe study must be over an adequate period, taking in a large number of typical fami lies. The U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, an impartial and efficient agency, has performed this task. .. . The study was made during the last year of the war and four months following, when the cost of living was about the same as now and the wages were a little lower. Ninety-two cities and towns in forty-two states were selected. Over 12,000 families were studied as to their source and amount of income, the way they spent it, and what, if anything, they had left over at the end of the year. There had to be at least one child in every family. The assembling of all this mass of data and its tabulation, as well as its proper arrange ment, has taken several years and the results have been but recently published. In the families studied over half of the men made less than $1,250 a year and about a fourth made less than $1,050. This was from 93 to 94 per cent, of the family income for all of the families. The rest of the money came from wages the wife or children re ceived, or from taking in lodgers, or as gifts, or from raising a garden or peeping poultry. v' , In families making between $900 and $1,200 the husband made on the average of $1,013,' and they received about $60 from other sources. They spent $38 a month for food, $13 for clothing, $12 for rent, $5 for fuel and light, $4 for furniture and furnishings and $ 1 7 for miscellaneous items. On the average they came out about even at the end . of the year, about two-thirds being a little ahead and one-third being around $100 in debt. The husband in the ' families- making between $1,200 and '$1,500 a year earned $1,252, and other ways. They spent $43 a month for food, $17 for clothing, $15 for rent, $6 for fuel and light, $5 for furniture and furnishings, and $12 for miscellaneous items. These families on the 'average Perhaps it is not quite correct to regard these cases as typical ; they are perhaps a little below the average. Nevertheless, the fact that they- about broke even is reassuring. BROWN IN RACE FOR JOINERSJPSIDENT Peoria Man to Oppose Hutchinson as Head of the Brotherhood. According to the Peoria Labor Ga zette, Willis K. Brown of that city is a candidate for International president of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America and was picked at the recent convention to run against W. L. Hutchinson of Saginaw, Mich. According to the Labor Gazette, there was a large number of delegates who declared for Brown and he was nom inated by a delegate from Denver. The election will be held by the referendum vote in November and reports of the tellesr must be in the general office by the 15th of December. TO NEAR-BEER that same reeling tftat a aram-annicer THE MAIN CHANCE AND EXPENDITURES living conditions of the average than random observation of iso II Ul 1W systematically pursued and extend the family made another $90 in AMERICANS VISIT GENEVA A hundred and sixty members of the Geneva Institute of International Rela tions, consisting of members of the American League of Nations Non-Par-tisas Association and the British League of Nations Union, visited the Interna tional Labor Office in August Mr. E. J. Phelan, Chief of the Diplo matic Division of the Office, in welcom ing the visitors, suggested to them that the Peace, at which the institutions of the League of Nations aim, is not a negative ideal, and asked the Institute to consider and advise upon the best methods of realizing a dynamic Peace founded upon social justice. Mr. Phelan's address was followed by a lecture from Mr. W. Stephen Sander, of the International Labor Office staff, on the work and structure of the Inter national Labor Organization. LONGSHOREMEN QUIT DRINKING BEER AND TAKE TO MILK DIET Prohibition may be said to be mak ing some progress out here. Milk the ! plain, unadulterated, lacteal fluid has ! invaded the strongest stronghold and f tQ Francisco.s most Vo,stead beverage steam ,. thm.nH hnl Innhnrp- quarts of milk daily with their noon day lunches. The full report of such a news item, however, cannot be fully comprehended without a word about "steam." For more than a score of years before the advent of prohibition the mere men tion of the name of "the city that knows how" was almost synoynmous with foam biting schooners of San Francisco steam beer. Like the once famous Milwaukee product, San Francisco's favorite brand of beer might also be said to .have made it famous. No other city boasted it, at least not until San Francisco created the demand, and nowhere else was it so good. Almost everybody drank steam bankers, business men, truck drivers, Van Ness avenue society queens, humble wash ladies. But of all the places in San Fran cisco where steam was consumed, fhere was no place that vied in quantity con sumption with the embarcadero. Every day, wide-wheeled brewery wagons, drawn by sleek horses which the brew ers refused to supplant with the m5re efficient auto -truck, used to deliver 800 filled kegs to waterfront saloons. Popu lar gossip was that the ordinary capac ity of each grimy, sweating longshore man was two gallons daily with dou ble cargoes taken aboard each Saturday night and Sabbath holiday. Evidence that this stronghold of steam has taken the count before such an uninspiring kickless beverage as milk is contained in a service survey just completed here by an association of San Francisco milk dealers. The milk vendors, not unmindful of the once vaunted popularity of steam on the water front ,are very proud of the inroads which have been made upon it by their own favorite beverage. Statistics gathered by the milkmen show,, however, that steam was not abandoned by, nor did it depart from the local waterfront synchronously with the advent of Volsteadism.' For two years, it seems, the stevedores had their daily steam regardless of the pro hibition law. Then milk, so the statistical figures show, cbmmenced to make its inroads. Now, the milkmen's 'records show, there are 5,800 standing orders for 580 quart bottles of milk to be delivered to 5,800 lunching stevedores sharply at noon. The other 200 of the estimated 6,000 stevedores who labor daily on the . r . Oo K cf.Vt-.nrr t t m The milk diet statistics of the long shoremen also bring to light another interesting fact regarding prohibition's progress, of 137 saloons which a half dozen years ago graced the embarca dero, there remain less than 20 all, of course, "soft drink parlors." The pre sumption is that these 20 now divide up the steam beer business of the 200 stevedores who haven't yet taken to milk. CaPs ''Labor Leaders1 Meeting With Frost Dan Smith, Discredited Member of Switchmen's Union, Heads One Traveling- Group . Headed by Dan G. Smith, discredited member of the Switchmen's Union, who participated in President Coolidge's La bor Day party at the White House, a group of alleged trade-unionists is tour ing the western states advocating the election of Coolidge. According to information reaching Labor, the minimum wage paid to the men who are participating in this movement is $11, together with $11 for hotel expenses and an additional allow ance for railroad tickets and Pullman berths. Smiths' party is receiving a chilly re ception from trades-unionists evy where, but the Coolidge papers are giv ing them a great deal of publicity in the form of interviews. Similar groups are operating in oth er sections. All are on the payrolf of the Republican national committee. In no instance are the men authorized to speak for reputable labor organizations. FRANCE AND THE HOURS CONVENTION The French Minister of Labor, Mr. Godart, has introduced a Bill in the Chamber of Deputies for the ratification of the Draft Convention limiting the hours of work in industrial undertak ings to eight in the day and forty-eight in the week, adopted by the Internation al Labor Conference at Washington in 1919. It will be remembered that a Bill for this purpose is also before the British House of Commons. COURT DECISION MEANS MRS. FERGUSON WILL BE NEXT GOVERNOR OF TEXAS By Staff Correspondent International Iabor News Service. Dallas, Tex., Oct. 18. Mrs. Mariam A. Ferguson, now international known as "Ma" Ferguson, will be the next gov ernor . of Texas. If anyone had any remaining doubts on that subject they were dispelled when Superior Judge George C. Cal houn, of Austin, upheld the right of wo men to hold public elective office in Texas. J Women were held in all particulars j Chicago, Oct 18 As forecast in this to have a right to hold public elective j correspondence two weeks ago, the offices. The decision brushed aside the i Railroad Labor Board has brought suit old English common law disabilities. 'in the United States District Court here against women holding office as was I against D. BP Robertson, president of contended by the plaintiff in an action! the Brotherhood of Ixcomotive Fire- seeking to disqualify Mrs. Ferguson. Charles M. Dickson of San Antonio brought the suit praying for an injunc tion restraining certain state ' officials from placing Mrs. Ferguson's name on the ticket at the November election. In his decision the judge attacked the contention of the state constitution had barred women from holding the office of governor because it used the words "he" and "his." The court held that in other places the constitution barred women by specific provisions and if it had been the intention of the framers of the law to prevent a woman from becoming governor they would have said so and specifically excluded her from this office. The plaintiff had set up a contention that was regard by all lawyers and by almost all 'the public' as purile. He con tended that the impeachment of James Ferguson reflected specifically upon the wife and other members of the family. This the judge threw out with the words: . 1 "This is so narrow and technical an objection that to uphold it is to say, that the taint is on the entire family. A sense of justice and fairness is Against this. No matter what the husband does the punishment in law is not visited on the entire family." There was a question in this entire legal action that was kept in the back ground. There are in Texas many wo men holding public elective offices. There are tax assessors, tax colectors, county clerks and at least one sheriff. To have decided that women could not legally hold public elective offices would have placed all these women ia a position of holding office illegally, therefore their acts would not be legal and would have no standing in law. This was a . situation fraught with far-reaching effects. Women county clerks perform all the . functions that men do. They are the county recorders and all deeds, conveyances and record able documents pass through their hands. All land conveyances under the hands of women clerks would therefore have been rendered' null and void and this alone would entail a snarl that it would ' require a generation of curative effort to disentangle. But the judge decided otherwise and by his decision legalized all these acts and established Mrs., Ferguson's position on safe grounds. The decision will -stand and Mrs. Ferguson will be overwhelm ingly elected. That election will mean the complete overthrow of the political power of the Ku Klux Klan in the state of Texas. The Klan announces that it will stay in politics but that means a bolt from the Democratic party and, while some of the leaders may bolt, they are more in the position of being kicked out than that of gracefully retiring. No one has raised a voice to declare that Mrs. Ferguson did not fairly, le gally and overwhelmingly win the Dem ocratic nomination. Her election is vir tually conceded by all contending parties and she will go into office early in Jan uary on a majority probably the largest ever given to a governor in the history of the state. Dr. G. C. Butte, until recently dean of the law school at the University of Texas, is running on the Republican ticket, but no one takes his candidacy seriously. It is an empty honor. BRICKLAYERS STATE CONFERENCE ELECTSOFFICERS The annual meeting of the Connec ticut State Conference of Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers was held in Middletown, October 13, and the fol lowing officers were elected for the en suing year: President Louis Corr, Waterbury. First Vice-President Robert Mc Carthy, New London. Second Vice-President George Watson, Hartford. Third Vice-President James Gaff- ney, Bridgeport. Fourth Vice-President Carl Han son, Middletown. Fifth Vice-President, Alphonse E. Gosselin, Bristol. Secretary-Treasurer Charles P. Dunlay, New Haven. Corresponding Secretary Ernest J Meakins, New Haven. RAIL BOARD GOES TO WILKERSON FOR A C0URTR1ANDATE Suit Is Brought to Compel Robertson and McGuire to Obey Hooper's Orders. men and Enginemen, and John McGuire general chairman on ' the Chicago & North Western railroad for the Bro therhood of Locomotive Engineers, to compel these labor officials to appear be fore the board and testify. Edwin A. Olson and Robert N. Gold irig, assistants to the attorney general, and Weymouth Kirkland of Chicago, an attorney especially employed by Ben W. Hooper, chairman of the board, very naturally filed the petition before Judge J. H. Wilkerson, who issued the in famous Daugherty injunction against the railroad shopmen. The board is seeking to obtain a court order requiring Robertson and McGuire to appear and testify in the western railroad wage case, wherein the board elected to assume jurisdiction contrary to the terms of the Transpor tation Act,; as charged by officials of the brotherhood. Failing .to do so, it is the program of Mr. Hooper and his as sociates , to have the labor chieftains sent to jail for contempt of court Robertson and McGurie have twice declined to comply with a mandate for their appearance. On the first occasion subpoenas were issued for them and for 101 general chairmen of the two bro therhoods on western roads. None ap peared on the date set by the board J for a "hearing." In reply to the petition filed in Judge Wilkerson's court on September 29, Donald R. Richberg, attorney for the railroad brotherhoods, issued a state ment in which he said that the petition and declarations filed by attorneys for the board "do not accord with our conceptions of the facts," and added: "We will therefore not move for dis missal, as such motion .would entail acquiescence with the statement of fact, but will answer, setting? forth our ver sion of the facts." It was thus indicated that Mr. Rich berg will seek to prove to the court that the assumption, of. jurisdiction by the board in the western wage controversy was unjustified. Judge Wilkerson set Monday. October 20, as the date for attorneys on both 1 sides to appear in his court and, present argument for and against the petition of the Railroad Labor Board." This is the first instance in which the power of the board to compel witnesses to appear and testify has been brought directly into court More than a year ago, in the Pennsylvania railroad case, where the board sought to enforce one. of its decisions, the United States Su preme Court ruled that the board, under Esch law, could act only in "an advisory capacity." ' WORKERS' ORGANIZATIONS AND THE EIGHT-HOUR DAY ,The Congress of the. International Metal Workers' Federation, which took place at Vienna recently, among other resolutions passed one on the question of the eight-hour day, stating that, by the abolition of this social reform, the bourgeoise is endeavoring to force the working classes to bear all the conse quences of the war. The International Federation of Metal Workers appeals to the metal workers of all countries to oppose any attempts to prejudice or to abolish the eight-hour day, and assures them of its sympathy and solidarity in this struggle. The International Miners' Federation which met at Prague recently, discussed such questions as wages and collective agreements, paid holidays, social insur ance, the international distribution of. coaL and hours of work. On the latter question the resolution adopted de manded the abolition of overtime and the ratification of the Washington Hours Convention of the International Labor Organization. -1 THEY HAVE SEEN A First Class Barber Shop AT 19 Congress Square IN THE BASEMENT. ATTENTION! Are You a Union Man? Then why not look for the UNION LABEL in a STRAW, HAT? PAGER'S SELLS 'EM 6-8 CONGRESS AVE.