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Hartford chronicle. (Hartford, Conn.) 194?-1947, May 25, 1946, Image 1

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With The
Best Local
VOL. VI, NO. 6
hi iff
The Hartford branch of the Na
tional Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People had
as their main speaker at . the
mneeting to launch their member
ship campaign for 1946 held at
the AME Zion Qiurch on Main
IStreet, Mr. Alfred Baker Lewis
of Greenwich, who is a member
of the National Board of the N1AA
5P and Chairman of the Connec
ticut Citizens Political Action
-Committee as well.
The NAACP," said Mr. Lewis,
"has been the spearhead of the
struggle for full equality for Ne
groes' in every aspect of our na
tional life since it was founded in
1909. During the war our efforts
were largely directed toward get
ting opportunities in the armed
forces for Negroes which had pre
viously been denied to them. Some
DTosrress was made in this direc
tion. Negroes were admitted to the
' Air Corns, to the Marine Corps
to other branches of the Navy be
sides the Mess Department, ana a
few were commissioned in tne
Ustvy. But we were not able and
'still must try to win -the abolition
of the segregation in the armed
forces which is being maintained
without anv break at all.
"We were in the forefront in tie
fight to win equality of jolb op
nnrtunities. Our Association par
ticipated in bringing the pressure
n bear on President Kooseverc
-which resulted in his executive or-
Aot fnrbiddinflr discrimination m
job opportunities in the employ
ment policies of companies noia
ing war contracts on the ground
of race, creed, or color, and set
ting up the IFair, Employment
Practices' Commission to enforce
this executive order. We are now
the largest organization working
or a permanent federal Fair Em
ployment Practices Commission
law and for Fair, .Employment
Practices Commission laws by
states. Here in Connecticut we ran
the campaign which resulted in
the State Senate, controlled by the
Democrats', passing a btate J? &t
law, but I am sorry to say that
despite our best efforts the loweT
house controlled by Republicans
turned it down.
"Before the National Associa
tion for the Advancement of Col
ored People was formed, lynchings
averaged more than two hundred
iPor the first time in the history
of Rockville, Conn., a talented
young Negro woman presented in
a vocal and piano recital, twenty
six of her pupils of two years
The uniqueness of the occasion
lies in the fact that four of the
pupils were Negroes and twenty
two were white. The Negro stu
dents appearing were: the Misses
7aomi Morgan and . Dolores Green
of Hartford and the Misses So
phie Morgan and Barbara Leon
ard of Rockville. Others appearing
were: Misses' Gertrude Yost,
Christine Gebler, Velda and Anna
Long, Carol and Nancy Berthold,
IDiane Kupferschmid. Madgery
Jasati, Carol Schiliphack, Barba
ra Doyle, Lois and Alene Hoffman,
and Charles Gebler, Milton Schlip
hack, John Fisk, Edward Mack,
Charles Lentocha, Robert Sieraw
kowski and Rolbert Brown. Those
5n this session's class not appear
ing were: Helen Johnson, Adele
Cunningham and Theresa Pleasa.
The recital was presented be--for
a capacity audience of over
-250 persons in the lower auditori
um of the Union Congregational
Church of Rockville, Saturday,
May 18, 1946.
Miss Lila Morgan, who present
ed the recital, is a former student
of Fisk University and is now
studying at the Julius Hartt
School of Music in Hartford.
In her own right, she possesses
a poise, graciousness, and stage
appearance as acceptable as those
of Marian Anderson, and vocal
and piano renditions' that touch on
This was Miss Morgan's first
I public appearance, and it well
showed her skill as a teacher. Her
enthusiastically received piano and
vocal renditians" and her accepi
ableness to all present as a person
of worth, attested her ability to
break down r"----;-s ana unite
men in brotV-' . J.
every year. Our ceaseless agita
tion for a Federal Anti-lynching
bill has resulted in a substantial
reduction, so that lynchings today
average only five or six a year.
This is still five or six too many,
and we have not been able to get
a Federal Anti-lynching Bill
passed. It is significant that when
there was a wave of kidnapping a
few years ago, Congress very
quickly passed a iFederal Anti-
Kidnapping Bill; while more than J
20 years of agitation for a Feder
al Anti-lynching Bill have proved
unsuccessful. The reason is, of
course, that the victims of kid
nappings are the wealthy and
their families, while the victims
of lynchings, although not all of
them are Negroes for about ten
percent are whte, are always men
ii overalls or women in ginghams,
the economically lowly in other
"W e are srtuggling for equal
voting rights since the states in
which the majority of Negroes
live effectively disfranchse most
of them. Partly this is done by re
quiring payment of a Poll Tax as
a necessary qualification for vot
ing. We are vigorously supporting
the bill in Congress to abolish this
"It was our attorneys. Mr,
Thurgood Marshall and William
Hastie, .(who has been recently
appointed by President Truman as
Governor of the Virgin Islands)
who won the case outlawing the
Democratic white primary system
which prevailed in the Southern
excluded from voting in the prim
states and by which Negroes were
aries of the party which in those
states was" bound to win. Negroes
today, because of the work of our
legal department, are voting in
increasing numbers in the South.
The Negro voters were the deci-
sve factor in the recent election to
Congress of a progressive Demo-'
cratic woman, Mrs. Helen Doug
las Mangan, in an election in
Georgia '.used by the resignation;
ff A 1
ox tne previous congressman.
"The NAACP is fighting for
equal rights in education. This re
quires payment of equal salaries
to white and Negro teachers hav
ing equal qualifications. In this
respect we have made substantial
advances, and have won a number
of notable victories in the courts.
It also means reducing and event
ually abolishing the difference in
the average expenditure for the
education of white and Negro chil
dren in those states where sep
arate schools exist. In this respect
we have made some progress, but
far more still remains to be done.
We are endorsing the bill to pro
vide Federal Aid to Education in
order to .help in this direction,
since this bill requires that Federal
funds should be spent by states
where there are separate schools
in proportion to the Negro and
white population.
"We are now defending 32 Ne
groes charged with attempted
murder in Columbia, Tennessee
for no other reason that that they
defended their homes against at
tacks by a white mob. The case
every rge expenditure to win it,
will be hisoric and will require
since the whole record will have
to "be carried eventually to the
United States Supreme Court in
all probability. This is an example
of the defense work which we are
constantly called upon and always
try to be ready to do."
Other speakers on the program
were returned veterans: Spencer
Shaw, former lieutenant in ground
forces, and James C. Walker, for
mer Marine Sgt.
Mr. Shaw said: "We rust fight
all things that are corroding
American democracy, and that we
must be citizens first and Ne
groes, secondly." Mr. Walker al
so stressed intergration of all
peoples in the struggle for true
democracy. He said: "that is the
hearts of the common people, there
is a common cause.
Mr. Percy Christian, recently
elected president, and Dr. Allen
!F. Jackson, honorary president,
pointed out the need for a large
active local membership.
Mrs. William Beckham, cam
paign chairman, gave a report of
$116 from already subscribed
members to initiate the campaign.
Mr. Arthur L. Johnson, dirctor
of the campaign, piesided at the
rally, an announced the year's
goal for 2000 members.
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Friends and relatives attending;
S pence, who was voted the "proudest mother in Harlem" as her son
Robert became "Mayor for a Day"
given at the residence of Mrs. Hazel Welsh, daughter of Mrs. Spence.
Left to Right: Standing: Mrs. (Marjorie Ford, Mr. iRobert Spence, Jr.,
Mrs. Hazel Welsh, Mr. Aubrey Welsh, Mrs. Betty Griffin.; Left ,to
Right, Seated: Mrs. Beryl Spence, Mr. Floyd Warmsley, Mrs. Floyd
Warmsley, Mrs. -Frank Warmsley, Mr. Bruce Hegliger and Mrs. Bruce
Hegliger. Photo By Wahnsley j . , . x v . .- .
n H
Mr. James Johnson, local busi
ness man and his wife, Mrs. John-
I son, arrived at Union Station Wed
nesday morning, May 8, between
5:30 and 5:45 a.m. From the sta
tion, they proceeded to the Union
Place entrance to engage a cab
for transportation home. The first
cab drove toward the entrance and
before it could reach the entrance,
a gentleman hailed a cab by open
ing the door and jumping in. Mr.
Johnson inquired of the driver
which direction he was going and
was informed by the driver that
he was driving him home. The
next calb approaching, Mr.'Johnson
used the same procedure of step
ping out to secure a cab; simul
taneously the first cab 'river hes
itated and backed up his cab, Mr.
Johnson immediately attempted to
enter the caib, when he - was in
formed by the driver that his cab
also was engaged by sailors who,
incidentally, occupied seats in
front of him on the train return
ing from New York. During the
conversation they were discussing
their being away from Hartford
for 22 months. When confronted
by the fabrication made by the
driver that stated they had en
gaged the cab, the sailors told
Mrs. Johnson to get into the cab
as they had not engaged it. The
fabricating driver tried in vain by
his persistence to have the sailors
get into the cab but thty insisted
on the Johnsons using same. As
soon as they were seated, Mr.
Johnson proceeded to tell the driv
er that he had told a plain lie in
stating that the cab was engaged, j
This, the driver didnt like. He
drove atbout 10 feet when Mr.
Johnson told Mrs. Johnson that
he encounters plenty of white
trash in Hartford, which didn't
set so well with the driver. The
driver then pulled to the curb,
took keys from the ignition and
refused to go any further.
Mr. Johnson then engaged an
other cab by telephone from the
same concern and was on his way
in another five minutes.
It is of the opinion of the
CHRONICLE that the monopoliz
ing passenger hack companies in
Hartford should check and pre
n. . . - .jl . .im
cocktail party in- honor . mf jMrs.
in Middletown. The party was
r-?s n
vent such occurrences that ap
pear constantly. It is also of the
opinion of the CHRONICLE that
the Public Utilities Commission
must give more positive consider
ation to Negro applications for
taxi licenses as well as to veter
ans of all races who have helped
to make it possible for the liber
ties that we all are supposed ! to
have. Ed.
Reports On Girls
Before the year 1940, Negro
girls faced severe difficulty in ob
taining employment in the busi
ness and clerical field. Despite
qualifications, Negroes could rare
ly obtain positions as clerical
workers and stenographers, but
barriers in the employment of
qualified Negro girls are gradual
ly disappearing in many places. '
The State of Connecticut has
taken the lead in the employment
of Negro women in the clerical and
similar capacities. The following
departments are employing Negro
women: Education, Public Wel
fare, Highway, Unemployment
Compensation, Personnel, Inter
racial Commission and Old Age
There are opportunities for
business and clerical workers out
side of the State Merit System.
Negro girls have been used suc
cessfully as (typists in the United
States Employment Service; Pearl
St. Community House in Water
bury; G. Fox & Company; Board
of Education; YWCA; Housing
Authority; National Conference of
Christians and Jews; OPA offices
in Hartford; Southern New Eng
land Telephone Company and Win
chester Repeating Arms Company,
New Haven; YWCA and YMCA,
Bridgeport; Carver Foundation
Community Center, Norwalk;
Crispus Attucks Community Cen
ter, Greenwich; and Community
Center, Stamford.
In the clerical field ,many fac
tories in Connecticut have found
MAY 25, 1946
f C cri : 1
One of the most distressing sto
ries reached the CHRONICLE of
fice on May 18 when Mr. Joseph
Holden of 75 Wooster Street told
of the story of discrimination that
he received at the job that he re
ported to fill for the Institute of
Living or better known as the Hart
ford Retreat.
Mr. Holden was sent on 5-13
by the United States Employment
Service of 414 Capitol Avenue to
the Retreat for the position of
Chef. Upon his arrival at the Re
treat he stated that he was inter
ested in the job of Chef or Comer.
Dietician. Mr. Holden was refused
on the basis 'of the fact that he
was a Negfro. Mr. Holden was
plainly made to understand that
he could not (be used because of
the fact that the position open
would necessitate his having the
authority to be the supervisor of
several persons that were white
and that for this reason he would
not be acceptable for the job. He
then left and reported the inci
dent to the Employment Office of
the United States. ,
Delegates To
National Parley
Mrs. Minnetta Elzy and Mrs.
Maravelle Twiman of New Haven
were recent delegates to the Inter-Continental
Conference of the
National Council of Women of
Canada, which was held at the
Hotel Waldorf-Astoria in New
York City. The conference had
delegates of many races from ev
ery continent as well as many
states in the' Union.
Among those present were Mrs.
Eleanor Roosevelt, Dr. Mary Mc-
Leod iBethune, Miss Eugenia
Holmes from Africa, and Miss
Jane Carol, an actress of note
some years past.
The theme of the talks given
was "The Practice of Peace." The
speakers stressed the fact that
only through organizations such
as theirs, which have members all
over the world working for a com
mon cause, can the world look for
ward to real peace. It was empha
sized also that women all over the
world must realize their respon
sibilities in bringing "the free way
of life," which can be done only
by understanding each other and
recognizing the rights of the com
mon man.
Mrs. Elzy and Mrs. Twiman,
while at the conference previewed
"The Searching Wind," a Para
mount picture production, which is
soon to be released.
their services satisfactory. The
Plastic Division of Colt's Patent
Fre Arms Company, Kolodney and
Myers, Inc., are examples. Depart
ment stores are expermenting with
Negro sales' ladies. G.' Fox & Com
pany, Steigers, -Sage-Allen in
Hartford and Davidson & Leven
thal in New Britain are pioneer
ing in the field of new opportun
ties for Negro saleslades.
There is an expected increase of
businesses owned and operated by
Negroes in the post-war period.
In Connecticut the need for more
to help in the promotion and di
clerks, typists, and stenographers
rection of the business will cer
tainly increase.
While an increasing number of
areas of employment are being
opened, there are still definite lim
itations based upon race, color, or
creed. It would seem fundamental
that in this country, economic op
portunity should not be limited
by any of these factors.
Negro girls when given a fair
trial, have proven themselves to
be effective workers. There is a
great need in Connecticut for ef
fective public education on the use
of qualified Negro girls. The Vo
cational Directors of the schools
should stimulate the preparation
and training of the girls for busi
ness education. The experience of
the Inter-racial Commission is that
there are more clerical and busi
ness opportunities open to Negro
girls than there are qualified ap
plicants to fill them.
Mr. Holden came into the
CHRONICLE office and reported
the incident and was referred to
the Connecticut Inter-Racial Com
mission. It is the opinion of the
CHRONICLE that the Retreat
was not looking for an American
Chef but that they were looking
for a Chef that was anything but
a Negro. It is" also the opinion of
the CHRONJCLE that such an in
cident makes one shudder in his
feet when we find that this same
young man risked hi3 life to al
low such places as this to exist,
while he was over across fighting
I ' '; 1 iv!' ' 111 ?
i r $ t it
. $
f ' ' ' ' " . k
1 ; . I
By Mrs. James Lee
Mrs. Rosalyn Lawson 'Putnam,
director of the South End Com
munity Center, delivered a won
derful address, subject, "Giving",
to the mothers and friends who
attended the Mother's Day pro
gram and Baby Contest at Allen
OiapeJ AME Church of which
Rev. Charles H. Richardson is
pastor. Mrs. Millie Edwards was
guest soloist.
. There were eleven children par
ticipating in the contest and the
reports were very good in spite
of the heavy rain fall. The first
prize was awarded to Charles
Timothy Martin, son of Mr. and
Mrs. Arnold L. Martin. 'Second
prize went to 'Sandra Thomas,
Mrs. Putnam
Achieves Success
Mrs.- Rosalind Putnam, Presi
dent of the Dwight School Parent-Teachers
Association and for
merly a YWCA social worker, is
having amazing success as direc
tor of activities at the .South End
Community Center.
The Center was organized last
fall as the outgrowth of a volun
tary day care project designed to
provide activity for the' young
sters in summer. So great was the
response and so keen the interest
in terms of voluntary leadership
for the day care project, that Mrs.
Putnam, long a resident of the
South End and long in sympathy
with its needs, decided to attempt
a winter program.
With the aid of the PTA and
Mr. Anthony Marinoccio, Dwight
School Principal, the South End
Community Council was formed.
The aim of the council was to de
velop opportunity for youngsters,
in the South End area, to partici
for the preservation of such no
table institutions of America.
'For the benefit of all concerned,
Mr. Holden did not become abusive
or impatient, but went along try
ing to find himself a job in 'his
line of work. He was fortunate
in that he applied for work at
the (Bond Annex and was hired as
(Salad Chef on the very next day
5-14. This is important because he
now has the distinction of being
the first Negro to hold such a
position at this great business en
terprise. George A. David, Ed.
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James
W. Thomas. The next prize went
to Hollis Connie Mack.
In the picture reading from left
to right are: Sandra Thomas,
Charles Timothy Martin and Mar
garet Elizabeth Reddick.
Mrs. Charles H. Richardson and
Mrs. Eunice Ha skins were in
charge of the service.
A prize was awarded to Mrs.
Thennie Baten, the oldest mother
in point of service of the church.
TJach participant in the contest
and mother received a gift from
the sponsors.
The accompanist for Mrs. Mil
lie Edwards was Mrs. Anna Stew
art. ' !
Incidentally the ages of the chil
dren are Sandra, 1 year; Charles',
3 years; Margaret, 2 years. "
Photo by James Lee
pate in recreational program de
void of race, creed, and religious
The people and the various or
ganizations of that community
has shown their interest by their
all out support of the movement.
With Dwight School , as headquar
ters, the council has had the
thorough cooperation of both the
principal and teachers. The moth
ers of the community have opened
their homes for the club meetings
and serving as councilors, hobby
instructors and group sponsors,
they and the children have worked
exceptionally well together and
have succeeded in forming a bar
rier against prejudices.
"The country," said Mrs. Put
nam in an interview to the
CHRONICLE, "is only as strong
as its individual communities and
as democratic, and we like to
think of ourselves as democracy
in action."
The center, operating through
out the winter, has proven that
there is such a thing as a true
democracy. For all the functions
in the South End have been.
(Continued on page 8)

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