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THE CHRONICLE "Covering Connecticut and New England" Published every Saturday at 1702 Main Street, Hartford, Connects by the Connecticut Enterprises Telephone 2-1293 George A. David, Managing Editor TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION One Year Six Months ' Three Months Foreign, One Year Congress of Marcn a, w The notion tSSufjSl" to give the proper wciffM nftbive. It is a trag Americans, except the ,morf .Pffr Jpticism is well edy of our .national lrf eifcjt the p ressi(m is founded, for one of the forms ot Jim v. v anything inAnuahtv before the iaw . , Q bat impartial when N.effJ cusatloin. Indeed, in J," often express.ommonsh5h 'Sr not loTy ders whether the : junsis of itler Oerra .udftc8 w'htstfontheSour courts, both in the North ,S5 Saws. attempted criminal assault, declared that .the 'defendant ; , l.-f v,o -rApived a trial in Massachusetts, aS EhE home siSte OSouthCarolina) he would merit Ttrle Such rstatment iv'es sanction to the barbarous ?rime of lining which no decent -Southerner r No erner condones, but seeks to eradicate. It is censuraDie statement. . HIGHER EDUCATION As the long vacation of the schools approaches, eager awaLd by restive small boys, the season for as stfslng the value of education simultaneously arrives Commencement speakers, bedecked Jn J finery, will prance on the rostrums throughout the land boring the graduates who must listen to them with plati tudes as ancient and as timeworto as the Pyramid at Gizeh However, education is so much more than the forma events terminating attendance in school or college that it is always imperative to remind young people of its -ValUOne of the bad effects of the recent war was the havoc whfch'it wrought upott, the normal hool Ixf e of the voung, obviously in those countries subjected torava SionyanJ aerial attack, but even in our ownUted States virtually unscathed by bombardment. The ned for workers in wartime industries at relatively high wages Taustd mSiy boys and girls to attend bool irregularly at best or to leave it altogether at worst Their school life was interrupted to such an extent that it will take man7 years some instances, for them to regain what the? Vail lost in the acquisition of essentia knowledge Under the pressing immediacy of World War TI it was well-nigh impossible to convince many young people Tf the value of higher education. Nevertheless, pubhc irited organSations like the Aristo Club and the Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority continued to award college schol arships to qualified students. They are making their awards this year under more favorable circumstances. All of us should try to tell the high school students with whom they may become acquainted about the availability of the scholarships. A perfect scholastic record is not absolutely necessary for a student to win a scholarship, since the award committees put great stress uponquali ties of leadership manifested by the applicants. There fore, no student should be bashful about applying. Even while we were e?njaged in fighting against the forced of Aris enslavement, with their barbarous faster K unles?dSmination against tjeegro people was elmiinated, the United States would be indicted by .the eiimmau hypocritical in proclaiming champion rest of pbumanity as ftyPoc tkm Qf the liberals and pro SS'&i of full citizenship to Negro meSSrlconstitnted a paradox, a contradiction between menace to its very existence. v cnviet Union lans. iney nave aDoat the nauseating SeVlUhTnl ?hogTraetWmers have been see- tlmi ?i5fthJ United Press. He asked: "Why, contrary May 18 by the Uiniteo ' " . j Negroes subjected g&dn tolirlc lynching?" We Z Particular question from the many which he MJ aM because it is the $64 one. Few men of real power and influence dare to answer it, and their cowardice is our nations shame Although the British are too civilized to tolerate m $4.00 2.50 1.10 6.00 of J rtence many judges fthe most elementary flout m PLAIN By John THE REVIVAL OF NIGHT RIDING TERRORS FINDS THE NEGRO READY TO DEFEND HIMSELF New York The new era of organized American gangsterism and lawlessness" will be presided over by Dr. 'Samuel Green of At lanta, Georgia. Unlike th Capones and the (Dillingers of a past gen oration, Dr. Green will enjoy im munity from the law, at least at his base of operations, for he is legally accepted and recognized as the "Grand Dragon" of the Eu Klux Klan, a band of hooded, night-riding terrorists of nation wide potentialities. Chartered by the state of Georgia, the Klan an nounces itself, "for white gentiles only." What it doesn't announce is its purpose to return to its for mer business of frightening, ter rorizing and killing in the interest of white, Christian supremacy. Where the Ku Klux Klan exists, there is a breakdown of the law, for the two cannot exist in the same country. California and New York have ordered the Klan to move on, but I am afraid the Klan has moved underground instead, It is hard to believe that the mem bers' of this blood-thirsty cult will submit to the tender persuasive ness of the law. It would !be idle folly to believe that the Klansmen fathered on Stone Mountain and burned cross es merely to announce its rebirth. It would be wiser to believe that this was1 the signal for the start of a campaign against the Negro and the Jew. Klansmen all over the nation will take heart from this vivid demonstration of power. IFrom this moment on. Negro rights, property and life itself will be fair game for those hooded hunters who will seek to translate the fear within them into a terror against a minority. Members of the Klan wllingly accept the theory that Negroes are, for the most part, docile, ig norant and unaggressive. They plan, their terroristic campaigns on these points satisfied tLat the in timidation of a few will have a frightening effect on the many. They will not admit that they are organized against the Negro, but will insist that they are organized against the whites who uphold the Negro in his wrong-doing. Originally a property-stealing, land-grabbing band of night-riders, the Klan grew to become something above the law when it came to dealing with Negroes. As the propagators and defenders of lynch-law, ve Klan has covered the history of America with shame. Overwhelmed by the wrath and indignation of decent Ameri Say It With Verse . IN THE GARDEN TF FRIENDSHIP By A. Ruddman A beautiful thought once cariie to me And filled my heart with hope and made me happy -be, And since time is fleeting -nd the years are few, I feel I ougrt to share this lovely thought with you. Once a thought came to me, and I planted a flower seed, In the human garden of friend ship's need; And watched it grow to bloom in beauty Into a friendship of rare loyalty. I nursed and cared for this flower divine In its lovely blossoms was a sign of cheer, Surrounded (by beauty and heaven ly sunshine, Bringing forth its fragrance to share. So -whenever you feel lost and alone, With no one to .talk to and no one to care. And all your hope and courage gone, Turn over a new leaf; don't be in despair. Plant a seed in the garden of friendship true And watch t grow by the sun's lovely light. But learn to value its blossoms too, To keep your true friendship for ever bright. their homeland such barbarism as lynching, they are not exempt from the Soviet journalist's questioning. He asks of British critics: "Why in the wide expanses of the Brit ish Empire must hundreds of millions of colored people pay with their sweat and blood in semi-slave conditions for luxurious life for the ruling class of Britain?" That question will remain unanswered until the colonial peo ples of Africa, Asia, and the West Indies are allowed to develop with self-government, thereby enjoying full dem ocratic rights. THE CHRONICLE TALK M. Lee cans, the Klan was dissolved some years ago, and many of its mem bers were called to account (before the law which they had openly flouted. Following a long period during which it dared not operate openly, the Ku Klux Klan -has come alive again, and apparently expects to find Negroes everywhere just wait ing to be frightened and lynched to death. However, there have been some changes made in the interval between the hey-day of the terrorist and the present re surgence. Negroes have learned to defend themselves against lawless attacks, and the nation has learned much from the second world slaughter now drawing to a close. It was a racial doctrine similar to that of the Elan's that was re sponsible for World War II, and the iNazi mobsters who destroyed and crucified acted in much the same manner as the Klansmen do. It has been reported that the Klan originally adopted the white sheet regalia because, it made the members look like ghosts, and Negroes were supposed to be afraid of ghosts. That may or may not have been true back in the days when superstition gripped America so strongly the good citi zens of New England were , not above executing a woman because she was suspected of (being a witch, but this is a -new day. Negroes are not afraid of the most superior Caucasian on a man to man basis, and they are in an improved position to do something effective about superior Caucasian mobs that come looking for trouble. Heretofore, as I pointed out in another column, the price a lawless mob has had to pay for attacking Negroes has been neg ligible, and consequently, , there has not been too much hesitancy on the part of these gangsters to liven up a dull evening by kicking up merry hell in the Negro sec tion. However, those are no longer the conditions that prevail. Thel aw is stronger in the sec tions formerly dominated by the Klan, and the Federal government is prepared to take over should the community guardians fail to do their duty. Negroes everywhere are learning that it is no more painful to die fighting back against an unjust and unwarranted attack than it is to stand still and take it without a defense. There may or may not be some disturbed mo ments in American racial history, according to the limits to which the Klan is prepared to go, (but one thing is certain, there will be a few white sheets messed up if the program is to terrorize the Negro. KAIL BOX BOSTON COMMUNITY FUND To the editor: We were pleased to read the editorial in the CHRONICLE crediting the Greater Boston Com munity Council with the work it has done for better community or ganization during the past 25 years. As newly-elected president of this organization which serves public and private social agencies, I want to thank you for your co operation during this period com memorating 25 years of service, F. Frank Vorenberg President MISUSE OF POWER To the editor - I have often wondered why it is that when a colored person com mits a crime that he has to be designated or singled out. For in stance a Negro bandit shoots po liceman. Some people seem to think that we are too sensitive or self conscious but I don't believe a word of it. A few days ago I wrote a letter to a certain radio announcer calling his attention to this wrong, and he tried his best to justify himself by saying that he was quoting a united press dis patch. I asked him would he say two Irish bandits or two Jewish bandits or two Italian bandits, and you and I know the answer to that one. The colored people of this, our country are no better or no worse than any other group, Ibut we do resent these evil implica tions which should put us on the defensive and make us alert about everything, that we can get in this f" llll"IJ1"LIIII,J,L"J,""Jl -1 is 7 " ' . "VkfT"W tKjtri&Jj0 I I 1 I I f 14 14 II I XXW I 1 H tV'' .i I E2 t THE NEGRO IN LATIN AMERICA By Harold Preece HOW U. S. MILLIONAIRES CONTROL HAITI (Editor's Note On May 12 the people of Haiti went to the polls to choose a new government replacing the one of (Dictator Elie Lescot overthrown by a popular revolution last January. Mr. Preece presents as a guest column ist familiar with the Haitian back ground," Miss (Helen .Simon, New York newspaperwoman who re cently made a tour of the 'Latin American republics.) By Helen Simon (Guest Columnist for Harold Preece) In the days of Toussaint Lou verture and Jean Jacques Dessal ines, the enslaved people of Haiti threw off the Napoleonic yoke, rid themselves of the French colon ists and established the first and only independent Negro Republic in the Western " Hemisphere. !Land was , distributed to the for mer slaves. Education was decreed for all. Sharing their labor at har vest time, the Creole-speaking black peasants carved a primitive living for themselves from the rocky soil o fthe Caribbean Island they share uneasily with the Spanish-speaking Dominican Re public. Today it is almost impossible to make a living in Haiti. As I drove out into the country from Port au Prince early 'ast month I could see the parched fields. I vis ited the packed market places where women, old men, children sat crouched all day in the bril liant sun before a pile of pitiful wares. With luck they might earn 50 cents before they would place their empty baskets on their heads and plod barefoot the many weary miles back to their thatched mud huts in the distant hills.' I met men who earned $8 - $10 a month in stores or warehouses or fields, laboring for foreign masters. "It was better before the Amer icans came," I was told. I learned that when U. S. Ma rines finally quit Haiti in 1933 after an 18-year stay, the Ameri can economic grip was already firm on the land. Five U. S. Firms Own Everything Five big American firms own whatever is worth owning: Stand ard Fruit, National Bank, Hail road Haitian American Sugar Co. (HAr300) and the Agricultural Development Society (iSHACDA). A few years ago an American en gineering fen, J. G. White & Co. squandered Haitian funds to build roads that are already al most impassable. The SHACDA did the most dam age when it came in with an un successful wartime experiment in producing rubber-bearing plants and sisal, rope fibre. It rented 50 percent of all arable land, evicting the peasants, tearing down their fruit and mahogany trees. Run entirely by Americans, it left Haiti a $5,000,000 debt. Its removal of trees contributed to the land's erosion. Returning peasants find that huts "and their whole means of life were gone. world we have to struggle and fight for it. So let us watch as well as pray and fight as well as watch. A Constant Reader 'r ."'DON'T LET JTr DIE!: Middle Class Feel Pressure The growng impoverishment of the masses is paralleled in the Haitian middle class. Beautiful houses abound, but residents told me that nowadays few families make ends meet without every adult pitching in to work. The literate few perhaps 10 percent of Haiti's 3,000,000 scramble for government jobs. This catastrophic economic con dition, even effecting the ill-paid National Guard, had been coupled with repressive dictatorship under which parties and trade unions were barred. Tyrant Forced To Resign The dam burst in January. Stu dents protesting suppression of a left-wing student paper, La !Ruce, were joined in demonstrations by all sections of the population. The latest tyrant, Elie CLescot, was forced to resign. r - On important factor in Lescot's downfall was the ' fact which I ascertained from several sources that the American-owned com panies instructed their unorgan ized workers to join the general strike. Possible explanation for this move: Lescot's tyranny was becoming embarrassing to Amer ican diplomats anxious to present a democratic appearance to the world. Furthermore. .Lescot had iust concluded a (big deal with a "Brit ish firm iBrandt & Co. "sell ing" it seized German assets worth $400,000 for $35,000. With a sudden release of long suppressed political forces a "my riad of tiny political narties sprang into being and politicians Degan to vie for power. In face of the lack of agreement among civ ilians who participated in the strike movement, the Haitian Na tional Guard assumed control. ' I talked to some length with col. rranck Lavaud and Major Antoine Levelt, two of the three members of the top military iun- ta, and was " impressed by their apparent sincerity and simplicity. They insist they have no political ambitions. . The political lne-up had sim mered down somewhat in the three months since Lescot's fall. But there still were almost 900 candi dates for 56 congressional seats. Observers agree that politicians who condoned the dictatorship or even served under Lescot are pret ty sure to win a majority of seats. Men of the opposition are not yet well known: moreover oM politicians have accumulated their nest eggs, are openly buying votes. Rumors abound that American money is being devoted to this cause. A Dr. Jean Price Mars is supposed to be the American fa vorite for president chosen la ter by the Conexess. It's pretty easy to buy votes wnen people are illiterate and pauperized. The mood of the Haitian people can be judged by the fact that perhaps half of the many parties claim to (be "'Socialist" or "Revo lutionary." But the people are just begin ning to be organized. Trade unions are barely starting, and their leadership is inexperienced. And it will take organization to break the American economic strangle hold and begin to realize the fruits of that independence won so he roically 142 years ago. Saturday, May 25, 1946 MAGAZINE RACK By Samuel P. Perry, Jr. HAITI'S BID FOR FREEDOM by Raymond Pace Alexander (May 4, Nation) " In this article written about the revolution in Haiti, a land with a population 3,250,000 living on 10,800 square miles of land. Mr. Alexander endeavors to give the reader an insight into the under lying causes of the uprising against ex-President Lescot. Mr. Alexander states in part: "The color question was one of the un derlying causes of the unrest that erunted in the students strike of January 7 and the overthrow of the regime of President "Lescot on January 11. It is fantastic to say that the unrest in Haiti is of Com munist orfein. The students' up rising was merely the first bring Jticf iny flame of a loner smolder ing resentment against the mal administration of Elie Lescot ana via Tvredeessor. Stenio Vincent." In an effort to be more explicit, the : author cites briefly he dis parity between Lescot's pre-election promises of greater democ racy and actual practice in unite, namely, the extension of term of presidency, the assumption of the, right to extend life of parliament, to name successors for members to appoint city mayors' who had always been elected by the people! The misappropriation of large sums of money, the imposition of a strict censorship on the public and student press as well as the imprisonment of editors who dared to oppose the president's policies. The uprising, according to Mr. Alexander, took the form of a paralysis of the economic life of Haiti by a concerted effort of stu ente, store clerks, laborers, and transportation workers. Acutely aware of the implications, the cab inet Of Lescot resigned and subse quently Lescot himself was ad vised by the military to follow suit for his personal safety. To the military junta, which took over the administration of the country, credit must be given for "an intelligent and fair ad ministration, which has shown special concern for the depressed workers." The author further dis cusses the resumption of activity in the political life by dark skinned Haitians, the political im plcations and aims of certain leaders, the possibility of institut ing a plan for .beginning an era of intelligent planning for Haiti's educational, economic, social, as well as cultural recovery, and the need for better-fbalanced commer cial relations with the United States, but through monopolies, as in the past. .In conclusion, it is stated: "Rec ognition of the new government. will contribute a revival of trade and agriculture but a policy such as AdoMi lierle recently intro duced in Brazil, which would as sure that the country's manned economic development, is badly needed." ART EXHIBIT AT NNC CONVENTION Detroit An exhibition of work by American artists will open in Detrot, Michigan, at the Urban League, and will continue from May 30 to June6 . The exhibition, entitled "A Tribute to the Negro People," is sponsored by the New Masses, national weekly publica tion with the assistance of the National Negro Congress, whose convention is being held in Detroit during these same days.