Newspaper Page Text
The Hartford Chronicle
APRIL 5, 1947 Page Ten HARTFORD CHRONICLE Covering Connecticut Published every Saturday in Connecticut Office: 1702 Main Street, Hartford, Conn. Telephone 2-1293 GEORGE W. GOODMAN . Editor JOHN B. STEWART ... Advertising Manager 3 Subscription Rates One Year $3.00 Six. Months 1-50 Second Class Mailing Permit Pending. DEMOCRATIC DEFICIENCIES Recently the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company re leased some vital statistics on the mortality rate within the Negro population in the country. While the figures themselves are startling the implications behind them are far more de pressing. Depressing because they are direct indictments of the casual manner in which we try to make democracy real istic. For all of the physical deficiencies among Negroes of which this report speaks are directly traceable to a social system that is devised to keep the Negroes in certain 'deplor able conditions. , The report says for instance that the Negro death rate is 37 higher than that for whitesand that the majority of the mortality rate seems to' focus tself between the ages of 15-19 and early adulthood. And the diseases that are particularly malignant are those that center in the kidney region, tuber culosis and syphillis. Ln other words this report is really saying that Negroes do no get enough of the right kind of food that would build resistance; they are evidentally exposed to environments that are conducive to the contraction of tuberculosis ; and hud dled together in abominable housing conditions they develop all sorts of loose moral concepts. But finally this report says, that despite the present depressing outlook, the mortality rate within this group has been reduced by one half in the last 35 years. What a reflection upon democracy that we can keep on saying year after year that we are deliberately keeping mil lions of people in such a plight. And. that is exactly what such reports are indicative of, because better jobs and better living conditions could practically wipe this great differential out. There are no peculiarly biological or physiological dif ferences involved ; the differences are all tied up in the mental attitude of white "masters". Individuals who are either pray erfully or piously indifferent, as well as those who deliberate ly plan to keep Negroes in poverty and suffering. The Metropolitan report was talking about the nation as a whole. But the whole problem focalizes itself in the. respec tive communities and the attitudes of those in control. It is what the people think and do who sit in sleek looking, com fortable offices and at the end of the day get in their cars and retire to well appointed homes in the suburban areas. If these people insist upon evaluating all Negroes in bulk; if they persist in trying to foice all of them into a racial ghetto; if they continue to deliberately expose Negroes to questionable health and bad morals; they will gradually de stroy democracy and make it necessary for the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company to continue such reports. This is true notwithstanding the number of troops or money we send into Greece, or the loud noise we make about Democracy. HEALTH FOR ALL TYPHOID FEVER WOULDN'T IT BE WONDERFUL? If America suddenly decided that she was going to make democracy work. That she was not going to rant and rave about what some other people believed in as a way of life. That she was going to recall the fact that when the fore fathers of this nation set sail with this present democratic concept, they had very few friends in this world of nations. And that despite this opposition, they were able to fashion a measure of success because they did not worry about what people somewhere else thought about their way of life. They concentrated upon making it so unique and attractive that others would be drawn to it as a better way of life. If we could decide to stop this "Witch Chasing" and re solve to absorb the lesson that true conviction does not come by bashing people over the head or running them under ground. That in particular where the matter of political ideology is concerned, people are prone to follow in proportion as it gives a fair measure of security and happiness. And that when you begin to forget these principles you have to resort to force and proscription to make people profess a love and loyalty that is purely superficial. It sure would be wonderful if these things would happen. Typhoid fever, one of the ma jor infectious diseases of the last century, has been all but 'con quered in the U. S. by modern preventative measures. There has been a 99 drop in mortal ity from the disease in this country since 1900, and a 75 drop in its prevalence in the past decade. Actually typhoid fever is a disgrace to any com munity in which it is found, be cause it means that the sani tary facilities of that commun ity are inadequate. When typhoid fever occurs, it is a serious disease, marked by a high fever, great prostra tion, severe intestinal irritation and. an eruption of rose-spots on the chest -and abdomen. Treatment is mainly non-medicinal careful nursing, a prop er diet and hydritherapy are the essentials. Convalescence is long, lasting six to twelve months. Medical authorities say that the prevalence of typhoid fev er is an index of the "sanitary intelligence " of a community. When typhoid fever occurs it means that the victim has swal lowed a germ, the typhoid ba cillus. Typhoid bacilli abound where there is a contaminated water supply. Such a condi tion is apt to occur in cities where there is imperfect sew age and in rural areas where there are no sewake systems. The germs can be carried from one infected person to others by fingers, food, or flies. The great decline in the di sease which has occured prin cipally in cities, is attributed to modern preventative meas ures. These include the mod ernization of sewer systems, the filtration and chlorination of water supplies, the pasteuri zation of milk (typhoid ba cilli develop rapidly in milk), inspection of food supplies, ex amination of foffd handlers, and supervision of typhoid car riers. Antityphoid inoculations become necessary when these preventative measures break down. Typhoid carriers are people who, with no outward symp toms of typhoid, are carrying typhoid bacilli, left over from past disease or caught in close association with typhoid fever patients. Since these people do not know they are carriers, thev may escape treatment for years. If such people hajndle food they are, of course, an especial danger to the com munity. That is the reason why examination of food han dlers is so important. In the next article, some myths about TB will be ex ploded. By Ersa Hines PI S " ' ' -lw 1 1 - - tf 'l.' The characteristics of tumorous growth, induced in mice by chemical means, is examined at Dr. Leonell C. Strong's famous "Mouse Colony" at Yale. Dr. Strong is shown above with technician Hazel Eaton at the left. Courtesy of Arsenal Pharmacy, 1754 Main Street, Hartford ADULT PROGRAM AT NO- END COMMUNITY CENTER Mondav through Thursday there are busy nites at the North End Community Center for the adults of the communi ty ; the program is so varied, that every and any type of leisure time activity is offered. Let's start with Monday hite. From 7:30 until 8:30 o'clock anybody over the age of 15 can enjoy a class in modern dance conducted by Miss Edith Whitman. After learning basic movements, one is able to in terpret one's thoughts and feel ings in dance form. Although we won't promise you con tracts with Graham or Dun ham, we do promise that you 11 learn a great deal about the dance form. Incidently, it's a wonderful way to keep that figure trim. Tuesdaj- nite is sewing nite for the ladies. Instead of gath ering at the Center, the ladies are now meeting at Women's League, 20 Avon St. Mrs. R. Butler is showing the women how to make anything from children's clothes to reuphol stering one's own furniture. The large cutting table, five sewing machines, two of which are power machines, keep the women busy while they are chatting away. Come on, wo men it still isn't too late to start on that new spring outfit. While .the women are sew- Ling, swimming lessons are be ing held at Arsenal School. From 7:00 to 8:00 o'clock Jr. High School students are learn ing to swim, and when they are through, high school students begin their lessons. Wednesday nites the men and women have a chance to get together in the arts and crafts class conducted by Mr. Dawson Shaw. Between 8:00 and 10:00 o'clock, one can "make waste paper baskets, jwelry, leather craft work, coasters for the home, or paint. Come on all you future Rem brandts and join the fun. Thursday nite is another full nite. Adults have the use of the pool, and now that summer is on its way, what a welcome it will be to jump into that pool. For those of us who do not know how to swim, a Red Cross instructor is there to teach us. and he promises that if we start now, we'll be able to be out on the beaches by the summer. Young adults meet from 8:00 to 9:00 o'clock, adults from 9:00 to 10:00 o'clock. For those w4io do not par ticularly care to splash in the water, a more serious activity is being carried on at the Cen ter. Chess is taught and those of you already know how to play can come on in, and sup ply some competition for the learners, as well as meet your match. .And that's not all. Monday through Thursday the Game Room, which has recently been opened on the first floor, is in constant use. Bridge tables are set up, we supply the cards, checkers, and chess, so come in. and join any game you wish to. Our lounge is also open nightly, so if you wish to just browse in, sit down and relax in a soft chair, read the news papers and current magazines, just come in and make your self comfortable. Lest we forget, the ping pong balls and billiard, balls are kept busily moving from 7:30 to 10:00 o'clock nightly, in our game room on the sec ond floor. And since the adults have their programs Monday through Thursday, we think it only fair that the teen-agers have their nite, too, so sorry adults, the place is closed to you on Fridays.