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300,000 TRUE CONNECTICUT CHRONICLE, JUNE 5, 1948 COMICS rails NEWSSTAND Urban League, Deltas, Publish Second Issue of Negro Heroes Responding to a nationwide de mand, the Delta Sigma Theta Sor ority and the National Urban Lea gue releaesd this week 300,000 copies of NEGRO HEROES, No. 2, picture-color true stories of Jackie Robinson, Booker T. Wash ington, Sadie T. M. Alexander, Toussaint L'Overture, Mabel K. Staupers, Sugar Chile Robinson, and the adventures of the 784th Tank Battalion in World War II; and short sketches of Frederick Douglass, Katy Ferguson, Phyllis Wheatley,. Tom Molyneaux (early 19th century boxer), and Alexan der Pushkfn, the Russian poet. The true stories in the 32-page booklet meet a long-felt need for inspiration material for young America. They will also serve to supplement Negro history texts and to promote interracial under standing. Following the publication of the first Negro Heroes in 1947, hundreds of enthusiastic letters were received by the National Ur ban League from teachers, coun sellors, and parents, commending the venture and urging additional issues. Many of the letters came also from boys and girls who list ed the names of other Negroes they would like to read about, sev eral of whom are included in the second issue. COOPERATIVE VENTURE The successful publication of the second NEGRO HEROES is the result of an unprecendented ges ture of cooperation on the part of Delta Sigma Theta, one of the two oldest national sororities of Negro college women. The sorority sel ected the magazine to help imple ment its national project on Job Opportunities. "We believe," stated Dorothy I. Height, Delta Sigma Theta presi dent, "that boys and girls will be thrilled and inspired as they read of the lives of Negro Americans who have been successful in var ious fields. We are very glad to cooperate with the National Ur ban League in presenting NEGRO HEROES, a significant innovation in education and race relations. We hope to place many more issues of NEGRO HEROES within the reach of our youth, for we know they will enjoy reading them. More than that, we hope they will get some ideas that will help them make up their minds to show their teachers, parents and friends that they, too, can be among heroes in American life. ' Plans are already in operation for the third issue, slated for a Fall release, and will be announced later by Guichard Parris, National Urban League Director of Promo tion and Publicity. If copies of NERGO HEROES are not available in local communi ties, they may be secured from the National Urban League offices, 1133 Broadway, New York City 10. Pollsobutylene Polisobutylene, which is made from gases evolved in the refining of petroleum, ranges in consistency from a sticky grease to a rubbery solid. Among the many polylsobu tylene products already patented are, grafting wax "for splicing tree branches, cosmetics, plastic adhe sive tape, electrical insulation, dripless oils for textile machines, paints that resist corrosive chemi cals,, and a chemical agent for im proving the performance of diesel engine fuel. THE JAMAICANS AND THEIR RULE IN CONNECTICUT By A JAMAICAN Jamaicans cn entering America in 1943, gazed in wide-eyed amazement and admiration at the many things and the different customs confronting them. They could not fathom all the ways and the wherefores. The temperament of the American people at that time and the extreme efforts displayed, had to be made to navi gate the pattern cf future events, portend of economic, social and political adjustments of far reaching effect. Informed public opinion made individuals a thing of the past. A War was on, everyone had to do his or her part. Social life was in chaos There was nothing but work, pray and more work for everyone Well, Jamaicans were caught in the middle of all this cycle of events. They were warmly received by some and yet treated with suspicion by others; some would work with them others would not; some would so cialise with them others would not. This worried them a little but they stuck to the job they came here to do. This un-Christian-like race pre judice termed "Jim Crowism" was something new to Jamaicans. Al though some of them read about such things the majority did not. And, 'in fact, on the whole it was something entirely new and em barassing to run right smack into. Always mindful of their childhood teachings that "God made man in His own image, in the image of God created Him; male and fe male created He them," Jamaicans could not understand why some men were treated as inferiors. Many heart-sickening and revolt ing actions were meted out to them in the South and it is .interesting to know that many are the times that Jamaicans took the bull by the horns and got in places that were "out of bounds" for Negroes. In these, shall we say, barrier break ing campaigns, Jamaicans noticed that after some of these self-stlyed and sejf-appointed superior-race-baiters learned that they were not Americans but foreigners, every thing would be alright. Where upon, Jamaicans took this and other opportunities to let these people know that although we are not Americans yet we are still Negroes and Men. Jamaicans of necessity worked alongside many men and women of different nationalities and were able to see the many and various re actions of people tolerating one an other, enjoying one another, dis trusting one another. But because of a war which everyone was di rectly or indirectly assisting to come to a successful end, individual feel ings were bottled and corked. When the war was over they noticed that this same 'nate bottle' was being uncorked. They notice now that some white persons do not wish to work along side a Negro, the frowning of the whites whenever they see Negro boys and girls playing with white boys and girls, the changing of seats in theatres, buses and trains when a Negro takes a seat, the railroading and channelling of Ne groes in the lesser and menial jobs, "the last hired and the first fired" campaign against Negroes, the polite "Sorry, the vacancy has been filled already," the turned-up noses and the disdainful looks given the Negro. They too notice many other small but deliberate and embarass ing incidents and wonder if the Lord's command to "Love ye one another," has been said in vain to mankind. Jamaicans found some of the colored people of America at first unfriendly, because of the false tales being told them by some unscrup ulus persons ' deliberately trying to set Negroes against Negroes. These Smuts Replaced By Worst Enemy Of Africans ' ' The NewesIn i CRT EVEN'S H P SUDTS'mS UaardInS : . ( $5 Down $2 W y Open Dally (Including Monday) Until 630 P. f. Friday and Saturday Until 0x30 P. itf. 68 Village Street STATE THEATER BUILDING Si m am h mta l wicked impressions were soon found out to be untrue and as Jamaicans and Americans got to know one an other in time, ideas and customs were exchanged, whereupon, the wrong done was not only rectified, but a greater and warmer feeling of brotherhood was instantly felt. 'Although their accents were somewhat different, their aims and objectives were the same the love of God and the pursuit of happiness. This mutual feeling brought about a closer relationship to one an other. In a strange land far from home, when one is low in spirit and trou bled perhaps, it gives joy and pleas ure, to meet kind and sympathetic persons .Jamaicans had that warm glow in their hearts and it was kindled by the spark of human kind ness extended them by the Ameri can Negroes. . This realism compels an observation of Christian-like hearts much to be admired. Jama icans saw the great possibilities in whatever field of work a man de sires, they saw the vast expanse of land and it thrilled them and the many and wonderful achievements performed by a growing Nation and liked them. Last but not least, they saw the Americans and loved them. o r . ry : " Crime Detection MOTHER was trying to discover which of her three youngsters bad scrawled pictures on the back of her davenport, but all she could get were blank looks and repeated denials. At length father Intervened. "Let me try," he whispered to the litttle woman. "You?" she hooted. "Do you think you know more about my children than I do?" "Who knows?" rejoined daddy. "At least I can try." He examined the scrawled pictures carefully. "My goodness," he finally re marked, "but these are funny look ing pockets here." "They're not pockets," sniffed lit tle Margie. "They're supposed to be buttons!" And thus the culprit was revealed. SEEKING PROOF An American film producer was selecting a chief for his scenario staff. The producer insisted that the successful applicant must be a col lege graduate. He looked with favor upon one applicant and asked if he had a college education. The answer was in the affirmative. "Show me your diplomas," de manded the producer. The applicant tried to explain that It was not customary for college graduates to carry diplomas around with them. "Well, then," demanded the pro ducer, "say a big word." Prayers Needed A visitor at the Capitol was ac companied by his small son. The little boy watched from the gal lery when the house of represen tatives came to order. "Why did the minister pray for all those men, Pop?" "He didn't. He looked them over and prayed for the country." JOHANNESBURG, South Afri ca Jan Christian Smuts is out as prime minister, a post that means chief Negro oppressor-of the Union of South Africa, but the natives and colored people who live and work in a state of peonage have no cause for celebration. Dr. Daniel Francois Malan, 74, whose Nationalist party won the majority in the parliamentary election is a greater Negro oppres or than the 78-year old Smuts. He won the election by claiming that Smuts was weakening on the race issue and promised to do a bet ter job. Smuts was defeated for re election to parliment from his home district Thursday while his party was losing the parlimen tary majority. Once before he was defeated in his home district, after serving as premier from 1919 to 1924. In the Union of South Africa no one can be prime minis ter unless he is a member of par liament. Still A Factor Smuts is not out of the pic ture. When he was defeated in 1924, his party shifted him to a district where the machine controlled the vote, and re turned him to office in a by election. He did not return to the prime minister's chair until 1939, however. What approaches slave labor has been the basis of the South African economy. The social structure imposes segregation on all non-Europeans. Indians and colored people are barred from owning property and living in certain districts. Native Negroes can own nothing, and live in com pounded called "kraals." The same word is applied to cattle pens. In the frontier provinces and the mandated territory of South west Africa, which Smuts' govern ment took over last year in spite of the United Nations, Natives are forced to pay a "head tax" to the government. A man often works ' several years to pay the levy on himself, each person in his family over 18 years of age. Cannot Leave Camps While he is in the work camp of some private concern, he can not visit his family without special permission. Then he must get a government? pass to travel. Penal ties for running away from the camps are severe, and usually must be worked out for the same employer. Uprising against these con ditions have been put down by airplane bombings in the man dated territory, . and by machine gun fire at plant gates, all under the two Smuts regimes. These are the things Smuts was sworn to uphold, and Malan pro mises to carry them out even further. The whole election centered around the color question, and the problem of Negro oppression has even forced a shift in foreign policy. Defy Whole World Formerly, South Africa was considered the seat of the British Enipire and since the war British gold has been flowing there for in vestment at a fabulous rate. When the United Nations protested the seizure of Southwest Africa and India demanded that oppression of Indian Nationals be stopped, a strong movement to sever ties with Britain and the rest of the world developed. Malan rode into office on the strength of this movement. The extent of which South Afri ca will go to preserve these con ditions .was indicated by its refusal to answer India's charges last fall, although directed to do so by the UN. o POKER FACE fife. ..w: 19m Strolling through the card room of a businessmen's club the other night, one of the members was sur prised to see three men and a dog playing poker. Pausing to watch the proceedings he commented on the extraordinary performance of the dog. "He's not so smart," the dog's owner remarked in disgust. "Every time he gets a good hand he wags his tail." 23 States Register For NAACP Confab KANSAS CITY, Mo.: Advance registrations have been received here from 23 states for the 39th annual conference of the NAACP June 22-27, inclusive. The sessions will be held at the St. Stephen Baptist Church, 15th Street and the Paseo Carl 1$. Johnson is presi dent of the Kansas City branch which will be host to the gathering. No More Jim Crow Rides To Dixie Railroad Agent Says Human Brucellosis Number one among bacterial di seases that can be transmitted from animals to men is brucellosis. It is more common among farmers and others who handle stock, and is often contracted by those caring for animals at time of parturition. However, this disease can be spread through raw milk. Blood samples may be taken for diagno si and medical (attention is very important. o Anti-Knock Fuel Blending one gallon of ethyl alco hol and nine gallons of low grade gasoline will make 10 gallons of premium grade anti-knock motor fuel oil. Wheat Production Wheatlands now average well above 14 bushels per acre. There is, therefore, a bushel of wheat an nually for every acre of United States farm land. NEW YORK Homes Bannard, general passenger agent for the New York office of the Pennsyl vania Railroad, has announced that any Negro travelling South on a reserved coach train can ride on other than a seat in a jim-crow car if he request it, it was reported this week by George M. Houser, member of the Raciallndustrial Department of the Fellowship of Reconciliation. It is reported that the state ment attributed to the railroad official was made to Mr. Houser and to Margaret Dukler of the Congress of Racial Equality, dur ing a meeting held last week with Mr. Bannard and Otto Buerger, an attorney for the railroad. Complaints Mr. Houser was acting upon com plaints made by JsTegroes that they were allegedly segregated into one coach behind the engine on south bound reserved coach trains and upon observations which reported ly were made of the set-up of these trains when they left Pennsylvania Station in New York. Miss Dukler's observation, re portedly has revealed that each of the three railroads sending these trains into the South from Pennsylvania Station (Seaboard Air Line, Atlantic Coast Line and Southern Railway), allegedly is practicing discrimination on its re served coach trains. Responsibil ity for this policy rests partly with the Pennsylvania Railroad, because its ticket sellers assign the reservations on these trains, it is said. Leaflets Distributed In connection with an Interra cial Workshop held in New York the week-end of May 14, leaflets exposing the alleged practice were distributed outside the station. The leaflet quoted the Civil Rights Law of New York State and the Irene Morgan decision of the Su preme Court as legal evidence challenging this alleged discrim inatory policy. "Since the Pennsylvania Railroad does not force the segregation pat tern," Mr. Houser said, "Negroes should request to be seated in oth er than segregated cars when traveling on a reserved train into the South." Any Negro who has a complaint against the Pennsyl vania Railroad is urged to contact the Fellowship of Reconciliation, by writing 2929 Broadway. Vital Statistics With the greatest increase on record, 1947, showed a total United States population of 145,340,000. an increase of 13,700,000 since 1940. Babies born in 1947 totaled 1,908, 000. 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