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THE MORNING JOURNAL-COURIER, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1008. JOURNAL-COURIER yr.w ii ii Rv, row. Founded 176ffl. THK C!A n n I XGTON PIIII.ISHIXO CO. Delnered by Carrier m llie City. 13 vtmtn it neek, M rent n month, 3 fur I months, f(l n jrnr, The nnine terms lij mall. Single copies, 2 cents. Telephones i icditohui, noun, iu. IM'SlNttSS OFI-ICE, 3IW1. TIIK WEKKtiV JOmiVAI,. Issued Tliursdnv. One Diillnr Yer. J. R. ( lirHnKtoii Publisher F., A.. Slreef Itiislnriii Mnnng;er T. K, F, orimin. . . Ailvei-tlalm Msnnier N. tinhorn F.illtor-ln-( hl.'f A. J, Slimne Managing Editor Pnul Burnett Jjr Editor Suli, rrllcr who fall to rfwlvt their Journal-Courier renulnrly anil on (line will confer n f'lvor on the mnnneemeut hy linmeillnteiy reporting to the Clr fiilntlon Mnnnarr. Telephone MINI. The. Journal-Courier la for aala dnlly la Slinr York City nt Ilolnllng'a Xnvi Stand, Comer 3Rth Street and Bros, nay, at 20lh Street and Ilroalwny, at 1 t'ark Plnce, and Crnnrt Central Stnnds. Frldny, Deecinher 4, 1D0S. C 1 1 A U T K R T I X K K II I X G . Several cities of the state are con templating the amendment of their charters. In order to do thLs they must appear before the committee on cities and boroughs next winter, and obtain legislative crnsent. This means on the surface considerable expense to be borne by the city petitioning anj a corresponding amount of timo lost to representatives of the petitioner. The principle and theory upon which all tills is required arc wrong, and some day Connecticut will sec the wis dom of Klvlng the cities of the state such a large measure of home rule, that their appearance before the gen eral assembly for special favors will be unheard of. Broadly and speolflcally speaking the cities of the state, after they have been given certain general rights of self-government, which are fundamen tal and essential In character, should be allowed to govern themselves with out outside suggestion and Interfer ence, Just as the state governs itself In all essential particulars without the assent of the national congress. Here at New Haven It is proposed to peti tion for an amendment to the charter which will enable the hoard of alder men to temporarily fill a vacancy caused by death. The need for some such privilege as this was demonstrat ed when the former occupant of the, office of registrar of vital statistics died and a special election had to b held. It is also proposed to seek an amendment which will permit the, park commission to buy land without I he consent of the board of aldermen. Tlie city of Hartford has In tntn.l a number of charter amendments In or der to enable It to conduct Its munici pal business In a more expeditious manner. Doubtless other cities will appear before the legislature with like requests only to be put to the bother and expense of convincing t'lat body that. Its needs are genuine and real. Thn absurdity of this practice Is first shown by the fact that the com mittee, before which these local ques tions have to be threshed out, Is for the most part made up of members of t'ne general assembly, who live In towns under town government, and who are familiar with thn problems of municipal life only as they learn of them by hearsay. We are not ques tioning their sincerity and their gen eral willingness to give the cities what they want, and yet more than once it has happened that they have withheld assent to changes, which have been favored by the political ma jority of a city, In order to gratify the requests of tile political minority there In sympathy with the political Ideals of the. party In power In the state. Rut there Is no reason under the ami why such a committee, should exercise such regulatory power over the cities of the state It Is not fitted for It, which Is proved by the fact that it has given no two cities In the state the name, charter, and has fol lowed no rule of experience In the charters granted. The various city charters in force In the state of Con necticut would make an excellent crar.y qnllt, but they carry no convic tion to the student of municipal gov ernment. The more, In fact, the Connecticut practice of making cities Is looked in to and its hidden philosophy searched for, the more evident. It becomes that sooner or biter the state will have, for its own protection and self-respect, to adopt a general plan for the manufac ture and control of cities, a plan which will eliminate the existing ne cessity of each city traveling to Hurt ford every time it wants to do some thing towards improving Its local po litical needs, and which will give each city the right to govern itself in all ways except the fundamental and es sential. In other words, the slate will adopt: for the guidance of (lie cities what will, in n sense correspond to the state constitution a frame work Of government upon which municipal ities will hang such rules and regula tions as their own people approve. H is true th.il 11 coiuiiiissiou has report ed to tlie legislature that a uniform I'ily rhfirtor policy is InipriietleithK 1'iit tin' commission whs composed of t n n who liavp never studied the sol -Jfi-t seriously and who took so llttl" Interest In the Impilry that its entlrn nipmbf rshlp never oner Rot. together, A. uniform city charter pulley Is 11 perfectly' fcnsllle Instrument pi I'oi'Rn ami It would lie the menus of RivltiK to the people, who llvn In the cities of Connecticut, what they do not now have, the rlRht to govern thmnHil vow In nil thing" which do not concern the state Itself. It should be for the peo ple of New Haven to flay, anil not thn legislature, that t'.ie board of alder- 1 men shall have the power to fill a I vacancy caused by death, and that the park commission may be permitted to buy land for park purposes without awaiting the action of the aldermen. It Is an unnecessary hardship to asli them to travel to Hartford for in structions. TIIK AlKOIOIIII.i: llOH.N, it is with no object of Interfering with the natural progress of the Mor-' gan automobile case that we take oc casion to use the testimony of Mr, Campbell In part to Illustrate the point The Journal-Courier has mude, that the abolition of the horn would add Immensely to the protection of the public. Mr. Campbell naturally lays stress on the fact that he tooted his auto horn to warn Dr, Morgan of the near ness of the machine. In other words he unconsciously testifies to the cor rectness of our contention, that the possession of a horn has come to be viewed by auto owners and drivers as the possession of a superior right In the streets and highways. We do not say It is their fault that they In terpret the possession of the toot horn in this way, but we do say that It will be the fault of the state If it con tinues to provide them with the op portunity to so interpret its signifi cance. If It were not for the toot horn au tomobile drivers would conduct them selves under such conditions as the driver of a horse would; they would come to a standstill. They toot in vain when the obstacle In their way in heavier and more powerful than their own machine. A truck loaded with coal or stone smiles at the warning of the toot horn. It is only where the obstable Is weaker that the risk is ta ken, which occasionally results In a loss of life. It Is In the nature of a psychological problem. Weaken the power of the machine by depriving It of Its horn and there Is at once placed upon the driver the sense of caution, which moves him when he approaches a sudden and sharp turn In the road. Hornless his machine becomes under his direction as safe as any other vehicle, whose owner has been taught by experience to look out for others on foot, even if it be comes necessary to come to a stand still. To be deprived of the opportunity to plead: "I tooted my horn" would mean a larger measure of protection for the man on the street against tlie reckless and risk-taking auto driver. KHOttlNfi STATK KXTKSKI. There is hope In the attention which Is now being given the rapidly grow ing expenses of the state. Governor Woodruff is still Inclined to look upon the dark sldo of the situation and def initely expects a more liberal general assembly next winter than that two, winters ago, but even so it Is inevit able that In time the evolution of a debt will of Itself attract attention to the danger Involved. Sooner or later Connecticut thrift will assert it self. We are still nf the opinion that it would be a good thing if the stale would undertake to study Into its business habits with the object In view of Improving upon them, If pos sible, by the introduction of new econ omies and more scientific rules and regulations. It In Impossible to. be lieve that every dollar Is Judiciously expended and It is known from a previous examination of the books, made by a competent commission, that an immense amount of money can bo annually saved "without Impairing the efficiency of government,." With the tendency more and more marked of. unloading local expenses on to the state treasury the result must finally be, unless checked In time, such an enormous increase In the state's lia bilities tliat cause for apprehension will exist. The kind of retrenchment which would then follow would sure ly be, of a. harmful nature for It would have to yield to necessity. Obviously now Is the time to Investigate. The revival of the state tax on towns would undoubtedly follow n careful Inquiry Into the situation, Its causes and remedies. Direct taxation of this sort is Indispensable in edu cating each community In tlie danger of legislative extravagance. Direct taxation lias the power of turning ouch community Into a watch dog of the treasury, while Indirect taxation blunts the popular vision mid makes extravagance Inevitable. Kngland Is to-day being strongly urged by many of her best economists to meet the new burdens put upon the treasury by direct taxation. In order that the peo ple may be taught the foll.v of ii n- siderate expenditures. U Is, too, par ticularly desirable that In Connecticut direct taxation should be revived be cause of the existing system of legls- CHRISTMAS SHOPPING. What Eleventh-Hour Buying Christmas Eve Means to the Salesfolk. SAYS a, writer in the Independent, writing of the Christmas buying rush : "I saw girls of seventeen and eighteen weeping wtyh pain and weariness at 11 o'clock at night as with shaking fingers they made their counters attractive against the next day's brutal rush. I saw one young girl drop in a dead faint after selling dolls to a fond mother of children. I saw little boys fall asleep in rub bish corners at the noon hour, their untasted luncheons in their tired hands. - That night when I went to my supper I saw a boy, small for his sixteen years, sitting on a box before the employes' elevator, for which we waited. He looked up at me, and, with the craving for sympathy innate in children, he sighed softly, 'Oh, my God, I wish 1 o'clock would come,' People were buy ing groceries, wines, flannels, dress goods, toys, books, jewelry, hats, gloves, handkerchiefs, automobiles think of it, at half-past eleven o'clock at night, Decem ber 24 ! Is the world indeed heartless and inhuman, or i is it only heedless ? lathe apportionment. As the Hart ford Time's aptly puts It: "The big towns contribute the bulk of the state I L ! revenues: t ie little towns go almost scot free. The natural result is that the small towns, securely seated In the legislative saddle, are disposed to pur sue a free and liberal policy In au thorlnlng drafts on the public treas ury. They have also established a practice, especially In the matter of highways and schools, of giving spe cial favors to the little towns." There is much In the condition of tlie state treasury to provoke atten tion, and It should not be lost sight of In the flurry that may be caused by tlie introduction of other llossy re forms. Finance lies at the bottom of every great question of state admlnis- ! tralion. I I A MIT III. I'. CIM.MiK. The Importance of president lloose velt's action in placing all fourth-class postmasters east of the .Mississippi and north of the Ohio rivers, some Ki.flOO In all, on the classified service list, may not at once he appreciated. The New York Tribune refers to It as "tlie most important extension of civil service re- form In recent years," and such It is. i Mr. Roosevelt has earned the hearty thanks f the whole country by this or der and the civil service reformers have Just cause to rejoice. The new order has been announced without any sort of preliminary warning and be cause of that fact Is all the more pleas ing. Tlie results of tlie president's decision will be more and more In evidence as time goes on. Necessarily Mr. Roose velt has provided that the present holders of fourth-class postmasterships shall not he affected; only such new appointees as shall come under consld- eration in the future, but resl.gnalions ami changes come continuously and the number of posts which will be affected even within the first year Is sure to h considerable, Furthermore, the ordei precludes a continuance of the custom which lias proved a detriment, not only to tlie postofllee department, but to the country at large politically, namely that of sweeping out the fourth class postmasters with every change of ad ministration in the white house. In many a town and village to-day the postmaster, being appointed by the president, is looked upon as the admin istration's local representative. He be comes the political hoss nf the town. This Is to be regretted. It means that these posts have become, an Important part of the spoils system and that men have been appointed not so much be cause of their efficiency as postmasters, but rather because of political services rendered or promised. It has brought about what the Huston Transcript calls "the present alliance between a clique of office holders and the republican or ganization," The extended ra 111 illca I ions of lids al liance may belter be comprehended when one learns that at the recent convention In Chicago not, less than one-third of Ihe delegates from the south were federal office holders, while of the delegates from the north not more than per cent, could thus be classified. Such information will but naturally suggest the criticism that the presi dent's order which applies only to northern postmasters, does not strike at the root of this evil which is among southern office holders. It: will be said that the administration had its weather eye out for southern postmasters for use In future conventions. Such a criticism Is uncharitable, We have every reason to believe Unit i,lr. Roosevelt favors I lie extension of thn new system to all fourth-class .post masters everywhere at a later date, either by his order or that of lr. Tuft Before that Is done lie hopes to try out the experiment, .where conditions are innwl favorable namely In the north and caul, where there are fewer isolated communities In which it I well-nigh impossible to get. any post masters at nil and In which oilier con siderations than efficiency are of ac count, such as tlie location of the ap plicant's store, etc. VVc look for the uaM of the new movement and for Its extension, not only o nil fourth-class postmasters, but to similar government employees 1.1. .1...- ..v. oikoci ui t.V hill now pending In tile Vermont legislature, which has the support of the newspapers of that stale, pro vides a fine of not less than $"i or more than $J0 for giving false information to a newspaper. Certain Vermont papers have learned from clrc experience that there Is a real need for such a law. I'n doubtedly a similar enactment would be met with Vavor by tlie newspapers In other states, A willful deceit of any Individual is bad enough but the will ful deceit of a newspaper Involved nut one reporter but In the end the whole community and Is a grave offense. . . Some Idea can be had of the crim inal waste of human energy as well as of money when certain figures In the French army budget, Just Issued, are reviewed. In that report It Is es timated that, the six powers of Europe spend annually 1,Ofln,oflO,000 on their armies. Tlie number of men they can put in the field Is 31,0011,00(1. New Haven lias been having Its trou- hies with reckless auto drivers, but let it be said to tlie credit of even the uorst of them that they are not In the class with the cowardly "Joy riders," so-called, of New York, who run down their victims and then speed away without offering aid, urged on by ilrlnk excesses. The Wiiterbury-'Amerli an Is still sure that the easiest way to secure needed i legislation Is through the legislative stomach. It would he well to have all sessions of the general assembly held at lleiihleins of the Hartford club. Here It is the (bird of lieceniber. I Jn our single ladles know what that nvans? It means that they nave nut -'R day." more. I ) years do not come j nvcrfrooncntly and those who . would "leap" ought to get busy. It was a short step this year from summer to winter and yet no one Is really sure that summer lias gone. "KICK COLUMN." il'mler lo aliiive heading the Jour nal -Courier will lie pleased to p i s l 1 i Hi i such letters as Its render nmv desire to write II. Address your letter lo "The Kliltor nf the Kick Column, .lour-nal-Courler. New Haven, Conn." Write lirlrfly and to the point, and nlnn end onr rluhl nnme mill iHlrirrat, without which no letter can lie puh llnhed.1 To the Kditor or tlie Kick Column: WltU the wintry blinds again with us thn Ki'eat need nf a waiting room for those who are transferrliiK ' from nne car to another at Hie corner of Church and Chapel streets again be comes apparenl. That corner Is a windy one anil a cold one In winter and for those whose hlond dors not How In their veins with all Hie exuber ance of youth It Is an unpleasant ear ner on which o wait for Hip can. Other cities Juive such trolley waiting rooms and New Haven should not be behind the times. I believe permission should be given the trolley company trt put a waiting room nenr the town pump, n muni which would lie a credit to the surroundings. The need of n waiting pla.ee Is es pecially noticeable during the late evening, when the cam lire not running on a full schedule. I myself have spent many n. frosty llfteen or twenty minutes at this locality and I believe the "siierert" green should give way for such a waiting-place as I de scribe, If no other convenient locality can be found. How about II? KKOHT-HITI'X New Haven, Dec. 2, 1308. n Aula "lllneli Maria." To the I'Mllor of the Kick Column: I have wiitrhed with sal Lsfa.ct Ion the purchase of an automobile for our chief of police. I believe to get such a machine was a wise move on the part of I he aiithoi It les. Certainly It enables Chief l'"unehcr to hasten to blazes In dniil)le-(iilck fashion. Why nol nil a iiloniohl le police pn. trol? The pat nil now in use Is neither speedy or Rightly or serviceable as compared wllh those of other dilcs. Hurl ford now has an aulo police pa trol, which could "make rings" about iiur "hurry-up wagon" when mi the way to a call-box. The sooner the city gels alirca:-! of the Hints and obtains iiulnuiobllc lire apparatus ,ind other aulo wagons wherever practical. I believe II will he the heller. A I 'TO. ( 1 Clmpel si reel, Hoc. 2, 11108. Ill II t It VI KMI'tlll Will'.. The I lirUlinim Mnniii. ( A iisi.iiIh Ho ii I inel. I Tin ( 'lnist mas lied Cross slump re fleets the true I'hrlsl mas spirit, Hint of Nelf-deiilal for Ih,; .suke of others, and Hint of sending giinil cheer to iliifor 1 ii miles, the I in I hnrui'O. I New llrltnlii Herald.) It v.oiihl bo Interesting to know wh.it has become of ihe three cases In Chesh ire, where men have admitted selling their voles. Opening H Knioim for busi ness on election day is a violation of the law, but there does not seem to be any good rcuson .why such an of fense should be picked up for prosecu tion when three oilier more serious frueliiieH of the go unnoticed. law are pennltleil b liiillcHlei Mis Ohllgiilhin, I Hartford Times.) la appointing simultaneously I'lerponi Morgan's son-in-law II Hnttorlee to be assistant secretary the tin v v. unit Daniel ,1. Kcele ot He troll, president of the Inleriwitlonal AssoilBtlon of 'Longshoremen, to. he. railed Slates onitiniissloiier-ge.nernl ol Immigration, President Roosevelt bus Clearly Indicated his souse of obliga tion for the support which was given to the lion. V. II. Tuft at t)in Novem ber election. "Dry Hones." (New Britain Record.) Amusing stories are being sent out from Waterbury about Ihe reforms the next governor Ih going to put In oper ation, "Drv bones' are to lie rallied on Capitol mil. when .Mr. Mlley gets there. I'Jveu the railroad commission, on which the governor-elect's friend, O. R. Fvler, serves, Is to lie blotted oiC Wo always thought thai (lie legislature was boss under Hie glided dome, and we think so still. Hut reform news always looks good In print,. As it looks now. tlie Incoming legislature will be so radical on railroad matters, I hut It ts likely to elect a railroad attorney speaker of the bouse, hill Is H Frnr..lrf (Londoners could not" understand what President Roosevelt meant when lie said: "We have them beaten to a friiz.le,' " 1 When It's shaU. n till It won't shake iny more. When It's flipped and (lapped and (lop ped against the lloor, When It's ground Into a powder an I Is st Irred Into a chowder. When you realise (here Isn't any core. When H'.i pulplned linpalpably. and squeezed Till It's drier than the dry Sahara When It flutters like the taltera I jut t are breezed tin the scarecrow In Ihe pleasant prairie lands, When It's twisted. Twirled And twiddled, When It's grilled, and (iouged And grlddleil. When It's roasted and It's toasled Till it's crumbled to a crisp. When It's sizzled and Is fizzled To the shadow of a wisp, When It's Jumped upon and bumped ijp. on and thumped upon and hal tered. When It's fumbled snd rumbled up and rumbled up und scattered. When It's smashed and crashed snd hashed. When It's lashed find u'' b"d and dashed. t Kxploned. Corroded, Knocked Shocked Pel foi a ted, decimate, I. f lessle.i I ed. salivated. Torn and worn and (lipped '" Hinders, Scorched Into a heap of cinders. Fragmentary, yanked In two, flipped Into a residue. Shredded to n filmy simile (if ( shndow doubly-frayed. Then receives the razzle-dazzle Thai's n frazzle. Chliago Post. st l;s M ioi . The tnopnit Inn "if left -handed people I one In eix. I'lirt beer Is iiianulacl ured from malt boiled wllh hops and then fermented. There are nearly SS.nOA.nfln sheep In Aiistrnll.-i and New Zealand, 1 l.nnn.OOO entile and I.STI.uim horses. To prevent the theft of electric light bulbs a socket Is now made which links with n key. so that removal Is Impossible without Hie key. Trade of Ihe Culled Stales with Ms American neighbors lu l!u" amounted to neiiilv Jl. nun. oeo. nun, against a Utile more than a third as much a decade ago, Veterans of Ihe Mexican war have not the homcsteadlng privileges grant ed the veterans of other course their children In pnvl ge. wars, and of ive not these TIIK St 'V KIDI'I. No. Iteglnald: there are tint l.tllS places In (he president's cabinet. Hal tlniore Sun. "Professor." said a senior, trying trt be pathollc at palling. "I am Indebted lo yon for all I know." "Cray, don't mention such a trille"' was the. reply. I'hlladelphla. Inquirer. Maude Adams was thlrly-six years old the other day. Yes. the same lady wlin came out in front of the fool Muhls and asked If "you believed 111 fab les." HulTalo News. Miss lie Style I stopped al a, lovely pince last summer; plenty of fellows; honest, I got four rings. Miss Ouiibns ta So? I didn't know (here was a carrousel .out there. fuck. "A young man has felegriiphed ni" lhat he has Just wedded my daughter." "I hope he's a good practical man." "I guess he Is. Ite wired me collect." Louisville Courier-Journal. Pre-Holiday Shopping In acrnrdnnce, with a growing sentiment In favor of early holiday shopping, we have received a large stock of beautiful things that are sultablo for gifts and which include, the new est things In cut glass, brass ware, brlc-a-hrac, antique silver, (reproductions), Shef field plate, etc. Tills Is a most opportune time to have your Chrlst lriHs picture framing done before the rush begins. We will gladly hold the work till you order It delivered. Visitors Always Welcome. F.W.Tiernan&Co 827 Chapel Street READY FOR CHRISTMAS REGARDING PRICES Sometime! people have paid in the compliment of being "high priced," We nay "compliment" becauae the atntement has been , usually qualified by a remark to the effect that "we know you have good gooda." The terms "high-price" and "high-grade" have bren used synonymously. But as a fact we are also " low-priced." Compare our regular prices on standard goods with those of other and lurgrr stores and catalog houses and you'll find them as low as, or lower than, the other fellow's. But it is manifestly unfair to compare some of the stuff that is sold during the I lolidays with the goods we sell year in and year out and on which we have built our reputation, In the matter of Cutlery, Tools and Kitchen Gooda we stand alone locally both as to quality and assortment, And yet, grade for grade, our prices are low and not nigh. That's something to remem. ber in buying Christmas Gifts. S754Gpel,t,- 20 State t. EARLY CHRISTMAS SUGGESTIONS. Kodaks and Cameras Premo ... 4.50 to 25.00 Kodaks . 10.00 to 35.00 Century . .10.50 to 50.00 Graflex 75.00 up ' Beauvine 1.00 to 9.00 Expo Watch 2.50 Blair 4.50 EVERYTHING OPTICAL vzHarvey&Lewisz Opticians 861 Chapel St. New Haven Stores at Hartford ir Springfield MM their EOClDJiy SCC.C: I Jg 10R$ and 70RJ6n im- PORCflClOnS. including ffljrf original designs and J mjfe actual reproductions. QWj Httentlon Is called to the frott1 gar1y $glccli- Furniture For Christmas Gifts. Furniture is one of the most substantial and lasting of Christmas gifts. You will find dis played on our floor most everything in the way of Furniture, and a great many styles and designs not obtainable elsewhere. The wise people do their Christmas shop ping early. You will save yourself a lot of an noyance and stand a better chance of being suited by joining the ranks of the early buyers. Tiir " nniimTfrii mil Duwimui 100-102.104-106 The Yale National Bank. Corner Chapel and State Streets. YOUR VALUABLE PAPERS are constantly in danger of being destroyed by fire if kept at home. Security to Depositors, $1,200,000,00. Safe Deposit Boxes, $5.00 Per Annum Upwards. 'I'ennls." Inquired Mr. Megan, glanc i"B' up over the iloor ol' the post nfflce building, "w lial U the mctnln' of Ihliu I i s l I iCCCXC V 1 1 1. V I'liev mean 'eighteen hundred an' ninety-eight.'" "I'ennls, don't ll sthrlke you 1 1 1 t Ihoy'ro carryln' tills shpellln' reform i 1 1 1 o i r e y loo far?" Kverj body's Magazine. Been to the RAIN COAT SALE? Good ones at $8 and $12. Rubber Coats, feather-' weight and heavy, at $3.50. Fair weather on football day and other i days left u s overstocked. Chase & Co., Outfitters Fop Men. 1018 und 1020 Chapel Street. The New Model Todd Corset Solves the question ol the long, Blender, graceful lines dcninnd ed by the present lush Ion. ' Elastic flocking, etc Henry H. Todd i onic ST. j Headquarters for ' Kinerson, MntlmslieU, Melilin and St rich & Acldlcr Pianos. PIANOS TOR TIKNT. Pianos Tuned, Moved and Polished. CIIARLE'J II. LOOMIS. 837 Chapel Street niTniTiTiTnr f A rimmiuiu lu., ORANGE STREET. f .