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O W 2 HARTFORD AND W ATERBUR Y, CONN., SATURDAY, MARCH 23, 1901. PRICE, 3 CENTS. VOL. XIX. NO. 17. 1 ' HEAD OF CHEYENNES. Hary Big Buffalo Assumes Leader ship of Indian Tribe. iMtnouu-n OnJjr SO Years of Ace, Snc la Very- Skrewd nnd Maintain! Her Power toy SeemlaKlr Oc cult Methods. Much pomp and ' several incidents ' attended the ceremony of installing Mary Big Buffalo chief of the Chey- ; enne Indians, who live on a reserva tion in Oklahoma territory. Not only is Mary the first woman ever appointed to rule an Indian tribe, but she is also gifted with power direct from the Great Spirit, her tribesmen believe. Besides being chosen to attend to all business of the tribe, she will also act as chiei " medicine man, or woman one should eay, for the handful of Cheyennes who have survived the effects of wars and civilization. Mary Big" Buffalo, now chief of the Cheyennes, is a woman of much tact and common sense. It was she who - started the plan to have all of her people go to Mexico to live, and then when she found that she was op posed, in her plans by the "United States Indian agents, who were sure to balk her scheme, she called the Cheyennes together and told them she - had received a call from the Great Spirit, and that he told her i to remain in the United States. So, instead of showing her weakness to . the tribe, she only strengthened her reputation. Her installation, says the Chicago .American, took place on the reserva- ' tion near Darlington. The valley is covered with green grass, even in the depth of winter, and the warm sun beats down, making it a most pleas ant spot to live in. Here for nearly a week the whole Cheyenne tribe . lay in their tents and enjoyed life. s ' ' Quite suddenly one night . Big Snake, chief of the medicine men, CHIEF OF THE CHEYENNES. (Mary Big Buffalo and Her Little Five-Tear-Old Daughter.) came forth from his tent. He had been fasting for three days and was ' very weak. He called in a loud voice that all was in readiness to declare the new chieftain elected. ! The camp was soon astir. Squaws and bucks commenced to - paint and sing songs. Everything: was in a State of excitement. As the night grew older the other medicine men .made their way to the tent of the - chief -to-be and sang weird songs. At daylight the whole tribe of 300 Indians had painted and was ready to . greet the new queen. Big Snake lifted the flap of her 'tepee at sunrise and cried: "Woman, come forth!" Then Mary Big Buffalo stepped forth. She wore only a breechcloth. Her brown skin was nearly white from fasting. Her limbs were pale from exhaustion. She smiled at the .reds as she inarched forth between the big medicine men and took her seat on the grass while they gath ered around her. The medicine men also were clad in naught except- a white sheet which girded them. Big Snake wore a straw hat and a linen duster which . some white man had given him. He looked more like a Quaker than an Indian, for his skin is nearly white. At a given signal they all com menced blowing on their medicine .whistles and the other Indians, who were interested spectators, sang 1 weird songs. This lasted fully two hours, while the women sat on the . grass and performed such feats as catching snakes apparently out of the air ana eating them, and calling aloud and receiving answers, which the Indians said were entirely audible to them, but which the white people who witnessed the ceremony said ... ' they could not hear at all - Finally the dancing broke up and , the whole tribe sat down on the grass and partook of a repast of dog meat, furnished by their new chief. " After this he went through the cere ' mony of blessing all the people of the tribe by rubbing them on the head, and the inauguration was over. The new chief will have power to make treaties, power to banish' any member from the tribe if he does something which does not suit her, Mid Dower, with the consent of a ma- jority of the medicine council, to al lot and sell the lands. She is 30 years old and her hus band was a noted warrior. She has one child, which at the tender age of five is said to be possessed of much power to commune with un seen powers. Spiritualism plays a leading role among the Cheyennes and the greater the power to see thing's the higher is one's standing in the tribe. Because of her feats of jugglery and claims of supernatural power, Mary Big Buffalo was chosen chief, ORVILLE H. PLATT. Connecticut Statesman "Who "Wants to Suppress L.onsr-Distance Ora tory In the Senate. Senator Orville H. Piatt, who pro poses to shut off by rule the right of interminable speaking in the sen- ORVILLE H. PLATT. iConnecticut Senator Who Is Opposed to Long-Distance Oratory.) ate, is a Connecticut man, and has represented his state in the United States senate since March, 1879. He has been reelected every succeeding six years since that time, and his present term will expire in 1903. Mr. Piatt says he is tired of having to stay silent upon measures he wishes to talk abqut and to listen to unlim ited discussion abput , measures, to which he is "opposed. ' This sort "of sentiment is considered revolutionary by;the senatorian code, but Mr, Piatt doesnit .iacJbwhai Inametfcycl; his programme so long' as he can hope to secure it. The Connecticut senator has been associated with parliamentary matters since 1855 when he became clerk ,yof the senate of the legislature of his state. In 1869 he was speaker of the Connecti cut, house, all of which, together with his 22 years' experience in Washington, makes him a competent parliamentary critic. r JUDGE WILLIAM TAFT. President McKlnley May Very Soon , Appoint Him Civil Governor of the Philippine Islands. Judge William H. Xaf t, who is slat ed for the post of first ' civil gov ernor of ;the Philippines, has given great satisfaction .to the department of state in his capacity as president of the commission which is now at work in the islands. His- reports of progress toward peace in Luzon have JUDGE WILLIAM H. TAFT. (Probable First Civil Governor of the Phil ippines.) been especially gratifying. The pros pective governor of the Philippines is the son of Alphonso Taft, who was United States minister to Russia and who had been attorney general in one of the cabinets of President Grant. He is a native of Cincinnati, 54 years old, and a graduate of Yale uni versity and of the Cincinnati law school. His first public office was that of assistant prosecuting attor ney of Cincinnati. In 1882 he was United States collector of internal revenue for the First Ohio district, and in 1887 was made judge of the superior court of Cincinnati. In 1890 he resigned that post to become so licitor general of the department of justice, and resigned that place in 1892 when he was appointed, a judge of the federal bench. Good Country for Baken. A Klondike baker who has been burned out three times and lost a whole cargo of coal has neverthe less cleared $30,000 in three years. The bun seems to walk off with itself In the gold diggings. PLUCK WON VICTORY. What an Illinois Boy Wrought the People of Canada. Completed the Canadian Pacific Ralfc way After Its Original. Promot- era Had Given Up Hope Knighted br dDn. Sir William Van Home, the head f the Canadian Pacific railway, has Just left Chicago with the statement that after a thorbugh inspection ol Cuba he believes the Cubans are amplj able to govern themselves.. Sir Wil liam is an excellent example of ho"w an individual can govern himself and a good many other people besides. H was born in Illinois 50 years ago," anc began life as a telegraph operator on the Illinois Central railroad. He is now several times a millionaire, anc one of the most powerful men in Can ada, ty. Nearly 25 years ago, says the Chi cago Times-Herald, Mr. Van Horne was called to the general managership oi the Canadian Pacific road. .The -lin was then not yet completed to Van icouver. There was a great gap be tween Winnipeg and the Pacific ocean and a great many Canadians were ii existence who did not believe : a rai) could ever be laid over that gap. Va rious governments had tried to com plete the road and failed.; 'Various contractors had gone to ruin in at tempting to carry out government de mands. In 1880 it looked as if a goo3 ten years would elapse before Canada would have a railway from Montreal to the Pacific. Then came in the Var Horne spirit. Capitalists, politicians settlers, merchants were clamoring foi the completion of the road. Mr. Van Horne visited Montreal. He called on the government and he po litely aeked how much money or land or other, securities were to - the credit of the company at that time upon which cash could be raised. An un der secretary or under something els said flippantly: "The government has no cash f oi you, Mr. Van Horne, but you have con trol of 25,000,000 acres of land and aboui 800 miles of completed road-on'whic! you ought to get something." : The general manager turned on his heel and left the government house SIR WILLIAM VAN HORNE. (Head of the Great Canadian Pacific Rail way System.) He was facing the problem, of build ing 2,200 miles of road through a moun tainous or desert plain country," and he not only -was without money, but the road lacked the confidence of capitalists. The story goes that in the next ten days he either person ally saw or communicated with by wire or- letter 50 of the wealthiest capitalists of England, the ; United States and Canada. He pledg-ed them to build in five years (his contract with the" government for the comple tion of the road allowed him ten) the uncompleted portion of the road, and also repay them in the same time any advances they might make if, they would finance the construc tion work. Practically ; his j guaran tee in the matter was no more than his own private word, but the Van Horne word was pretty well known even at that time, ' ; As a result of his solicitations, per emptory showing pf his necessities, he commanded at the end of the ten days $10,000,000 in cash, ostensibly that of the company, although loaned, and in 14 days construction work had begun. In 54 months, or 4 years, Mr. Van Horne and his associates had built 1,900 miles of the main line and 1,300 miles of side tracks, or two miles per day winter, and sum mer. He took his rails over the Sel kirk range, through canyons and gorges, conquered every obstacle, of nature, and kept his promise to his backers. Every dollar they advanced or security they gave was either re paid or well protected, and the Cana dian Pacific opened to the world. The total amount which Mr. Van Horne is said to have become responsible for during the completion of the road was over $25,000,000 $10,000,000 at first and then $15,000,000 more after ward, and of . this sum not one dol lar was ever lost to the men who trusted him when he declared that he intended to finish the Canadian Pacific. The main line of his road cost $100, 000,000 to build in. all but it gave to Great Britain a war route which is said to be capable of handling 8,000 armed men in a day, with their has- gage, from the - Atlantic to the Pa cific, and of putting a 100-ton gun in Vancouver within 14 days after it leiaves Woolwich. That is what the niniois boy . accomplished in Canada, his adopted land, and that is the in side story pf, how the Canadian Pa cific was"' finished in five years ahead of contract timey.', HON. PARIS GIBSON. rounder of the Town of Great Falli Elected United States Senator from the State of Montana. .Paris Gibson (democrat), who was elected United States senator for the short Wrm by the Montana legisla ture, -is the founder of .the town of Great Falls, Mont., and one of the leading .'capitalists of the state. He was born at Brownfielo, Me., on July 1 1830. His father was a farmer and lumberman. He graduated from Bowdoin i college ; in r 1851, A and soon thereafter was elected to "the Maine legislature. 'f in . 1858 he removed tavSlinneapolis, Minn.,; where, in association with W. HON. PARIS GIBSON. (New Unitecl States Senator from the Stats of Montana.) W. Eastman, he built the Cataract flour' mill, the first in "the city, and operated the .North Star woolen mills.' He met with reverses during titer panic of 1873, and in 1879 re moved to Fort Benton, Mont.," where he 'I engaged in ;sheep raising. He was fpy th?66i, inthatregion. to take -up tife industry, and . has . continued- the business with profit. In 1882 he visited the falls of the Missouri river, fend on examining-the resources of the surrounding, country, was im pressed with the advantages of the place, for a city, because of its unlim ited water power, its deposits of coal, and extent of agricultural and graz ing lands. With James J. Hill, of St. Paul, he acquired title to the -town site and coal lands; and in 1884 found ed a town and named it Great Falls. .By the completion of the St.' Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba railroad to that point in. 1887 a great; stimulus was given to ; the town, which in creased to a city of 18,000 inhabitants. To Mr Gibson is due its splendid pub lic park system, the first in the northwest: 1 He was organizer of the Great Falls Water Power end Town Site company and has been active in the support . of every enterprise in the city. He has much of his wealth invested in the gold, silver, iron and coal industries of the " surrounding region. "-V5"-.' . He was a delegate to the Montana constitutional convention in 1889, and was senator from Cascade county to the first legislature, where he advo cated the consolidation of . all state institutions "for liberal education un der the name of the University of Montana. FRILLS FOR FEMININITY. Ordinary black ink, if .well rubbed into an old hla6k felt hat, will revive'it- It is estimated that in England one woman in every six earns her own liv- "Pictures should' be hung as nearly vertical flat against the wall nas pos sible. ; Air your plants often, says the La dies' World, New York. They need fresh, pure air as much as you do. A lecturer on sociology wants to hear a reasonable explanation of why & man has 20 pockets and a woman noneat all. The outside of a nickel chafing dish should Jiever be immersed in water; simply wipe off and give a final polish with, a piece of chamois. 5 Mise Sarah Scovill Whittlesey, whose paper on labor legislation has just won her a Ph. D. from Yale, is the only wom an who holds both a Harvard and a Yale degree. .', ' . . . - The superior recorder of the degree of honor of the Ancient Order of Unit ed Workmen is Mrs. Elizabeth E. All burn, of Chicago, who supervises 21 grand lodges and 35 subordinatelodges, : Miss Mary Goards-, an attractive young woman of 20, has recently served as court interpreter before several New York magistrates who have had cases of. foreigners before them. Miss Goards is a Russian by .birth, but hoi jbeen'in this country most of her life. She speaks Lithuanian, Italian, Rus sian, English 'and several other lan guages; although, r shet has never had anything more than an elementary public school education; ( . p'x iff COUNT LEO T0LST0L Excommunicated from the Greek Church in Due Form. Pamou Riuistan Novelist and Social Fhlloiophcr Periona Jion Grata with the Memberi of the Holy 8yoct. The official organ of . the holy synod of St. Petersburg has just published the formal excommunica tion of Count Tolstoi, the Russian novelist and social reformer, which was announced early in the year, as follows: "In its solicitude for the children of the orthodox church to guard them from being led into corruption, and in order to save those who have gone astray, the holy synod has de liberated upon the anti-Christian and anti-ecclesiastical teachings of Count Leo Tolstoi, and has - deemed it ex pedient, in order to preserve the peace of the church, to issue a cir cular dealing with the heresies of Count Leo Tolstoi. The circular is as follows: - . "'Count Leo Tolstoi, to the grief and horror of the whole orthodox world, has, by speech and writing, unceasingly' striven to separate him self from all communion with the orthodox church, and this not only clandestinely, but openly and in the knowledge of all persons. All at tempts to dissuade him from this conduct have proved without avail Consequently the orthodox church no longer considers him to. be one. of its members, and cannot regard him as such as long as he does not repent and does not become reconciled to the church. We, therefore, 'place on record his apostasy from the church, and pray , the Lord to restore him to a comprehension of the truth. We pray thee, therefore, O merciful God, who does' not desire the death of a sinner, to .hear us, have mercy on him, and restore him to thy, holy church. Amen.' " Commenting on this document, the Detroit Free Press says that the Greek church has dealt' with Count 5 JlWTt COUNT LEO TOLSTOL ' (Russian Novelist Excommunicated by th Greek Church.) Tolstoi virtually as the ' Catholic church dealt with St. George Mivart a few weeks before the death of that eminent English scientist, j and 'we shall probably hear the. same clamor about the suppression of liberty of thought and conscience in the Tolstoi case as we heard in the Mivart case. Those persons who ; find in the ex communication .' of Count Tolstoi a reproach to the Greek "church over look the important fact ' that a church, in order to be a church, must have articles of faith; and that these articles of faith must be adhered to.. If the bars are to be let -down to a Leo Tolstoi, because he is one of the most brilliant novelists of the century, or to a St. George IGvart, because, he has achieved a high repu tation as a scientist, they, must- be let down to everybody. There is no liberty of conscience where ' only, this man or that man is permitted to re ject such articles of faith as he: may see fit, and if this liberty is accord ed to all men," it is evident that there can be no church. Something' must be accepted, both in government and religion, and there can .be no tyran ny over either thought or conscience when the man who cannot subscibe to the creed of the church of which he is a member -has the liberty of withdrawing. -V': "" Tolstoi was as. far from ortho doxy as Voltaire. The author of "An na Karenina," "War and . Peace," "The Kreutzer Sonata," "Resurrec tion," , "My Confession," "My ReU-1 gion," etc., had created a religion for himself as he had created a political economy for himself. However ex alted it may have been, it certainly was not - the religion of the Greek church. It was not the religion of any church. It was Tolstoiism pure and simple. The Greek church was compelled either to excommunicate Count Tolstoi or to set the seal of its approval upon his religious teachings, which, of course, was impossible. And as Count Tolstoi seems to have pref erred his own faith, to the faith of the cnurcn, . ne nas ; notmng ; t o complain of . by reason of Ms excom munication. No ; man can expect to retain the benefits of a church, whila denying the teachings of that churchy mm i,. vmws it r u i r ijt n. 1 1 w ,J -aaj rM war 11 wcjprw m p.Wi. r i m . z m m AGAIN A SENATOR. f red T. Dubois, Who L,ef t Coarrtil - Four Years Agro aa a Repablteaa Now Returns, Democrat. , After an absence' of fqur years Fred T. Dubois returns to the senate. He was a silver republican when he left congress, but is now a democrat, and Was elected by the combined demo cratic, silver republican and populist vote of the legislature of Idaho. Mr. Dubois is a native of Craw- fond county, HI., and is in the fifti--eth year ef his age. He received a public school and collegiate educa tion, graduating from Yale - college in the class of 1872. . He was secre tary of the board of railway and ' . HON. FRED T. DUBOIS (New United States Senator from th State of IdahoO warehouse commissioners of Hlinois in 1875-76, and went " to Idaho " terri tory and engaged in business pi 1880. For four years he was United States marshal of Idaho, and was elected as a republican delegate to the Fiftieth and Fifty-first congresses, being the last delegate from the territory. At the republican national convention held' at Minneapolis in 1892 he was chairman of the Idaho delegation, which, was . the first delegation from . the new state. He served m the sen ate from 1891 to 1897, being defeat ed ' by Henry - Heitf eld, the - populist candidate, whose; $rm on. the senate will expire March 3, 190$. Condensed Account "of tbe: First Em blem of the Confederate States . :.otjmh America. 1 I 4 I I I r 1 Ji ' ft The" first flag raised 'as 'an emblem of the. confederacy has had an inter esting history. It- was first used -in South Carolina, the mother state in the afterwards " named Confederate States of .America. It is in the pos- -session of the family of, the late "Capt. HenryvW. Hand, .of New Jersey. The flag is eight feet long by six feet broad. The body is turkey red and the immense star and crescent in the upper left-hand corner are of ( V white. It was made by the ladies of. Charleston, S. C, on the eve of their state's secession, December 20, , 1860. The next day it was hoisted oyer the city customhouse. V ' . Its career began on land, but it closed on water. . Shortly afterwards the Dixie a small - privateer and ' -blockade runner, started oa,i;9 dep. redations, and, as the young confed-? eracy had adopted no official banner FIRST' CONFEDERATE FLAG. (Made by the Ladies of Charleston, L C, December, I860.) : : at that time, this flag was presented to it. In the spring of 1863 the Dixie was captured by the United States steamer Keystone State, . and Capt. Hand, who was then an under officer, boarded the - vessel and hauled, down its flag. His commander gave nim permission to retain the emblem. .-It has been ' a treasure in his . f amily ever since. v. Preparlnsr for Tfcelr Punerals. A company - has : been " formed; in Philadelphia, to enable people -to pay for their funerals in. . advance , of death, by istallmnts. Say, - a man will be content witk a $300 funeral. Ee pays two dollars & week for .150 weeks, " and is then" given - a certifi cate which entitles him -to jiaxt such a funeral as he has- xaid for. : THE ELECTRICAL WORLD.- Forty-five words -a minute is the outc cSdo speed for Atlantic cable transmis sion; ;.-r.v . - - r.:f": :"-'''" " Municipal ' ownership - of . electric plaaits is on tie increase in. : Canada. Woodstock end Kingston, Oat., are the latest to acquire the electric plants as municipal property. a '