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A VENTILATOR SHAFT.
Modification of a. Splendid Idea. Sugr treated Not Long Ago by the Kan sas Experiment Station. The experience of some dairymen reminds me of a story a blacksmith used .to tell of an acquaintance of his, who said that he stabled his horses' in a "barn so open that you coudd throw a oat through it anywhere, they never had. anything- the matter with theim; bait after awhile he felt able to build more to his notion, and in the new building- the frost covered the inside, and' his horses always were in diffi culties. Well, it is- the old story so long as the cows are stabled in the open shed a-nd are reasonably cared for, : no trouble is experienced, but when they BARN VENTILATOR SHAFT, are put in quarter suclh. as winter . S 1 . A . J T 1 Gairying1 aemanas, inen uouuie ue- I donot know. that the moisture, which manifests itself by congealing on the roof and walls, is any serious" mat ter of itself, and this could be over come by filling- in the space as snug gest ed. It shows, however, that the ventilation is imperfect; and to rem edy this and retain the warmth gen erated by the confined animals is not so easy a ' matter. If the ventilator shaft is brought down near the floor, it will : probably be carried to a point where the air does not differ in tem perature from that ini the shaft, and bo or course wjlu no worK. fered a suggestion, of which the illus tration is a modification. At the point where the shaft' passes through the ceiling, a hole is cut and provided with a shutter opening inward. By opening this; more or less, a draf t can always be created. A very slight opening would make sufficient draft to cause the shaft to take air from the bottom, es pecially if it was a long one. In the case under consideration, I would pass the shaft through the main barn and up between the rafters to the ridge, terminating in either acu pola or ridge ventilator. In the illus tration, C represents, the ceiling, S the tide of' the building, and F the floor. In this instance, a loft is supposed to exist, and.it is intended that the shaft shall be carried up to the eaves, and thence between the rafters to the ridge, terminating as above. The in side shutter would necessarily be con trolled by two ropes orcords. Richard H Mitchell, in Country Gentleman. How j to Bnild Stable Floors. Stable floors should have no space beneath to fill up with filth. I prefer to have the walk'behind thecows paved with blocks similar to the' pavement of city streets. It is not only very du rable when put down in clay, but is also preferable to plank, or cement, from the fact that .cows never slip on it in passing in or out of the stable, which they very often do on floors made of those substances. The plat form on which cows stand is usually made of plank, although some prefer having that part of it at cows. forefeet and ; about two-thirds of way to gutter composed" of earth. It will usually be better to have this platform slope about two inches to the rear, and it should be about six inches higher than the walk behind. Prof. H. Snyder, Minnesota Experiment Station. Why Process Batter Sells. One reason why process, or renovat ed, butter sells so nearly at the price of good dairy or creamery butter is that it is made to resemble what it is not a freshly made butter. It may lack in good flaVor, but it has no bad flavor, and it is evenly colored. We consider it as much a fraud upon the consumer as ever oleomargarine was or could be, but it has made a market for a grade of butter that could not be sold before at much above the price of axle grease. .Butter that was poorly made, that had bad flavors from unwholesome food or drink or filthy and careless handling, or that had become rancid, is worked over by. this proeess until it is bought and used by many who would not touch it if they knew its condition before it was1 renovated. American Cultivator. It is only English hawthorn audits varieties which are subject to borer attacks. Our native sorts are exempts But we have no colored sorts among ours; all are white, so we have to fight borers to have these lovely hawthorns. LIBERAL FEEDING PAYS. Valuable Extract from a Minnesota Experiment Station Bulletin Pre pared by T. L.. Haecker. That generous feeding of dairy cows pays is clearly illustrated in our rec ord for the five years ending Decemiber 30, 1897. During the years 1893, 1895, 1896 and 1897 cows were fed all they would take, while during the year 1894 they were fed light. Cost of 1 lb. 1 Milkr Butter. Butter. 1893 6,107 364 10.6 cents 1894 4,909 271 10.9 cents 195 7,418 352 S.O cents 1896.... ....7,454 349 , 6.3 cents 1897 6.962 851 5.4 cents Tlhese are averages of the entire herd, and show that during the four years when receiving all they would eat up clean, they averaged 354 pounds of butter each, while the average yield for 1894, when on comparatively light feed, was only 271" pounds. The cost of production was also the great est that year. The kind of feed has little, if anything, to do with the yield, so long as they get the required nutri ents in the right proportion and in palatable form- We get as much out of fodder corn as we do out of en silage, and as much from a pound of pro tein in bran as from a pound of pro tein in any otherconcentrate. They give just a trifle more milk when receiving some succulent food, such as roots and ensilage, but practi tally the same amount of butter or other milk solids. We select the cheap est foods and so mix them that the cow gets about one pound of digestible pro tein to six pounds of carbohydrates. If we should feed a much wider ration that is, one that contained more car bohydrates and carbohydrate equiva lent than the amount stated she would gradually lay on tat, shrink in milk, and failure to breed would prob ably follow; but when the above-mentioned nutritive ration is maintained, no such difficulties are encountered. - Our" records show that radical changes in feed during the winter are objectionable, as changes generally cause shrinkage in milk. A more uni form flow is maintained by feeding the same ration in winter, if possible If it becomes necessary to make a change it should be very gradual, she system can adjust itself to the varia tion in bulk and the muscular action re quired by the stomach to digest tha particular ration. HIGH-PRICED BUTTER. Before It Reached the Consumer on the Continent of Europe It Was Worth $3 a Pound. Not many people would be willing to pay three or four dollars a pound for butter if they lived where fairly good butter was plenty at a much lower price. The editor of the Elgin Dairy Report tells of a , gentleman visiting the Darlington creamery, which has or had a: reputation of sell- itsTarotraciratr While there he saw a 20-pound pack age put into a large refrigerator case and packed around .with . ice . and shipped to New York city. There it would be re-iced and sent by the steamer to an agent in London, who would again repack it in ice and send it to another party on the continent, who would see that it was sent to the consumer who had ordered it. The expense of freight and packing would scarcely be less than two or three dollars per pound, besides the cost of one dollar a pound art the creamery. Such butter is only produced by good cows, given good food and care, and with also good care in regard to ab solute cleanliness in stables, dairy room and utensils and purity of the air and water which comes in con tact wth it. Not every one can make butter that will sell for 50 cents or one dollar a ponud, but many could improve greatly on their product and on the price they obtain for it if they would take a little more pains in these respects. And when they do so we may see dairy butter regular ly quoted as high or higher than that from the creamery. CHEAPEST ICEHOUSE. Can Be Built for a Few Cents on Fnrini Where the Old-Time Straw Stack Is a Feature. Where the straw stack is a farm feature an icehouse, inexpensive, but effective, can easily be combined with It, asi shown in the cut- from an ex- ICEHOUSE IN STRAW STACK. change A cheap, rough framework suffices, and the boarding up need not ba tight. The floor should be level and drained from melting water by a trench flitted in partly with stone. Outside drainage to carry all surface watT away from the stack is also necessary. Entrance is through a long passage ar ranged with airlocks to prevent cur rents of air. New Use for Butter Color. The oleomargarine color was indent ed to make oleomargarine look like real butter, and is used to make all sorts and conditions of butter look like Jersey butter to make two per cent, milk look like Jersey milk. AH of these and other frauds on Jersey milk and its products we are familiar with, but a daily newspaper from the east springs a new one on us. It declares that by the skillful use of "butter-color" Mis sissippi catfish are now converted into Columbia river salmon, cut up, canned and sold as such. Jersey Bulletin. PANAMA CANAL IDEA IS OLD Early Spanish Navigators Saw and Talked of Its Advantages. The advantage of a canal or navi gable channel through the Isthmus of Panama Is so obvious that it Is not surprising to find the idea of such a waterway was seriously considered in the early days of Spanish conquest in the new world, says a writer in the Newcastle (England) Chronicle. In the year 1527 the famous Cortes, being then in Mexico (or New Spain), sent three ships on a voyage to the Moluccas In charge of Alvaro de Saa vedra. The expedition was an un fortunate one as two of the ships were lost on the outward voyage, and Saa vedra did not like to carry out his in tention of returning by way of the city of Panama on the Pacific side and thence across the isthmus. His view was that at Panama he "might unlade the cloves and merchandise that he had, that so in cartes it might be car ried across the plains fouer leagues to the river Chagre, which they say is navigable, running out into the North sea not far from Nombre de Dios, where the ships ride which come out of Spaine." In his "Discoveries of the World" (published in 1555 and translated by Haklnyt and published in England . Li 1601), Antonio Galvano, governor of Ternate in the Moluccas, says of Saa vedra: " , "If he had lived he meant to have opened the land of Sastilia de Oro and New Spain from sea to sea, which . might have been done in four places nameiy, rroin me jruue oi ssc jjxicnaei to Usaba, which is 25 leagues, or from Panama to Nombre de Dios, being 17 leagues distance; or through Zaquator, a river of Nicaragua which springeth out of a lake three or fouer leagues from the South sea and f alleth into the North sea; whereupon - doe saile great barks and crayers. The -other place is from Tecoantepec, the! river of Vera Cruz in the bay of Hon duras, which also might be opened in a straight, which, if it were done, then they might saile from the Canaries in to the Malucos under the zodiake in a temperate climate in lesse time and with much lesse danger than to saile. about the cape of Bona Speranza or by the straight of Magalan or by the northwest." The Greatest Electricians. A vote was recently taken by The Electrical World and Engineer on the 25 greatest names in electrical science' during the last century. ; The , partic ipants in the ballot were 277 members of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, who were requested to ar range the names in the order of sup posed excellence. , 1 The following list, therefore, shows not only the men who were chosen, ; but also their standing in the esteem of the institute: Faraday, Kelvin, Edison, BelL Morse, Henry, Tesla, Elihu Thom son, - Maxwell, "ArapacOv' RJerpAs. Oho3. Hertz,. . Davy, Brush, ' Wbeatstone, Helmholtz, Gramme,. Steinmetz, Itont gen, Sprague,f Plante,1 Marconi, Oer sted and Joule. However,' two other ballots were taken for comparison with the one just mentioned. 1 The opinions of ,25 eminent members of the institute were embodied in one and those of 25 professors of electricity. In colleges in another. The former group placed Maxwell seqond and Hen ry fourth, showed an equal preference for, Bell and Edison for fifth and gave Tesla the fifteenth. The college pro fessors put Maxwell third and Edison fourth, were equally divided between Hertz, Henry and Elihu Thomson for fifth, accorded Bell and Morse equal honor and ranked Tesla fifteenth. , . A Snug Fortune.-:,;-. .;. v.-.' From the whirl of gossip in the finan cial center, says the Philadelphia Rec ord, comes a little story of the contents of the strong tin box belonging to Wil liam L. Elkins. Away down in the bot tom of it, according to the story, there is a single certificate of stock of the Standard Oil company which has. not been touched for years. The certificate calls for 19,000 shares, which at the present market figure represents a face value of more than $8,000,000. The head of one of the large trust compa nies practically admitted the other day that the story was true. Twenty-five years ago the Belmont . Oil works, which belonged to Mr. Elkins, were ab sorbed by the Standard Oil company, and the 10,000 share certificate formed a part of the price paid. Cossacks Are Remorseless Soldiers. The Russian authorities have always been aware of the usefulness of their Cossack soldiery In quelling outbreaks even in European Russia. Forty years ago these wild soldiers of the steppes were sent to quell the Insurrection in Poland. The horrible butchery which has ensued in Warsaw and other Pol ish towns forms one of the blackest pages in the history of Russia. .Only 18 months ago the Cossacks were let loose In the streets of St. Petersburg to restore order among the disaffected students of, the university. Riding straight into the bands of students the Cossacks lashed right and left with their long cruel reins loaded with lead, and the students were literally driven into submission. Paris Messenger. Tides In the Stars. Professor Campbell of the Lick ob servatory reports that the star called Xi Geminorum, which has long been known as a variable, is in reality dou ble," " but Its two components ' are so close that no telescope is able to sepa rate them, and their existence is prov ed by the shifting lines In the spec trum. The variations in brightness, he thinks,' can only be due to the attrac tion between the two stars raising im mense tides in their molten or vaporous globes, which through the effects of compression or otherwise displace the epectral lines. . HOW TO ACT AT A HOTEL. Best Plan o Resisterins and Get tins: TVnnts Attended To. A man accompanied by his wife should not drag her into the crowd that hangs around the office, as two thirds of them do. He should first take her to the parlors, leave her there and go to the offi.ee alone. When he has registered and been assigned a room, he should go and get her. . When the boy has shown them the room, the guest should not hesitate to say so if he does not like it. There are doubtless others empty, and it is the clerk's place to try, to please. , Another great blunder is not to ask the price of the room before looking at it. Many a man feels reluctant to do this, but it is purely business. If the price does not suit, he can kick, but there is no use complaining after the bill is sent in and saying that he has been overcharged, that he has been there before and always had a lower rate and all the many things that a man is apt to think about when he is ready to leave.. When a . woman is alone, she should not go to the office. All that Is neces sary is to take a seat in the parlor and send her card to the clerk, stating whether she wants a bathroom or not and exactly the kind of accommoda tions she wants. ' She should frankly say If she wishes a quiet roorn a small room, an inex pensive room or any preference she may have. Despite all the printed warnings on hotel walls it Is almost impossible to get women to send their valuables to tha office safe. Why? It Is a mystery. But the owners prefer, as a rule, to take the chances. Then, If a loss oc curs, they blame not their own care lessness, but the hotel management. Another thing; .Trunks should be kept locked. Every hotel tries to get honest help. No hotel can guarantee that 'all its employees are or always will be proof against temptation. Ev ery hotel asks its patrons not to tempt them. , - - 1 - How to Make Cocoa Cordial. One-half teaspoonful of Dutch cocoa, some boiling water, two blocks of loaf sugar and two tablespoonf uls of port wine. Put the cocoa and sugar Into a china cup and pour directly upon them some boiling water and add the wine, making in all the usual amount called a cupful Serve at once.. This is an excellent, drink for those who are chilled or exhausted or to take after a bath. . ;"! ' '- . .- Hoir to IIake Squirrel Pie. Six squirrels, a quarter of a pound of salt pork and a pint of oysters. Cut the squirrel into meat joints and put into a stewpan with': water enough to cover them. Add ? thet pork, cut into slices, and half a medium sized onion. : Cover close and simmer until tender. When done, take up the pieces of squirrel, strain the gravy and set both away to get ralii Line the sides of a deep pie dish with a good pastey put a little gravy in the bottom of the dish, then a layer of squirrel and a few oysters and some iof the oyster ;-liquor Sprinkle with flour, season with salt, pepper and a little mace and cover with bits of butter. ' Repeat until the dish is full. Cover with paste,' cut a hole in the center and bake half an hour. . How to Decorate the Table. A' charming dinner, table arrange ment is of La France roses and maid enhair ; ferns, with striped grass. A wavy line is formed down the middle of the table of the ferns and grass, and the roses axe deftly Intermingled in the curves. Another pretty scheme is of holly berries and leaves, - with as paragus fern. V In" the first case the candle shades are pink, in the second red. . ' . ' ; ? 7 r How to Care For the Byes. - When the eyes ache, relieve them by closing the lids for five or ten min utes. When stinging and red through crying, they should be bathed in rose water or wet a handkerchief with rose water and lay it over them for a few minutes. If they are bloodshot, you need more sleep or have been sitting in a draft ? If they have a burning sensation, bathe them with , hot water to which a dash of .witch hazel has been added. ' If the whites of the eyes are yellow and the pupils dull, strict attention should be paid to diet. How to CooliE Hashed. Clams. Melt pat of butter In chafing dish; then put in , three ' dozen Little Neck clams, hashed fine, and their juice. Add a teaspoonful of chopped chives and two of parsley. Cook over open fire until it boils up twice, cover on; thicken with bread crumbs, add two tablespoonf uls of sherry, season to taste and serve on buttered toast. How to Make Peppermint Cordial. Peppermint cordial may ; be made , at any time of the year, for the chemist always keeps the necessary prepara tion of peppermint Put 60 drops of essential oil of peppermint on to three or four lumps of sugar, pound it in a stone mortar, with a tablespoonf ul of brandy, till all is thoroughly mixed. Add this to one quart of proof spirits of wine and - the same quantity of white sugar sirup. Color the cordial With beet root, and you will have a delicious sirup. How to Clean Lamps. Soak lamp wicks in vinegar before using them in a lamp. . Wash smoke stained chimneys In warm water and soap and rub while wet with vinegar or dry salt They can alsa be cleaned, as may be globes on gas fixtures, in warm . water and soda and then in warm wa ter and ammonia, - , - .. How to Serve Oranges. , Cut seedless oranges in halves, take out the little piece of white in the cen ter with a very sharp pointed knife and fill the cavity with sugar. HOW TO ATTAIN OLD AGE. Advice ' From an Authority on the Subject of Longevity. Of the giving of recipes for longevi ty there is apparently no end. Every man or . woman who has reached out far beyond the allotted threescore years and , ten is made the subject of an entertaining, argument to prove the points of this or that contender. Every abnormality in the shape of strength of arm, of back, of general system, Is used as an illustration of the virtues of this or that system of exercise or living. It Is the opinion of a good many laymen that mankind does entirely too much thinking on the ' subject of how to live to a ripe old age. Less worry on this point might lead to the desired result But there never will be less worry. Even now the list of systems for pro longation of man's days is being aug mented. The very latest suggestion comes from a physician of credit and renown. He thinks that there Is a very great deal of benefit or of injury in the wearing of certain; kinds of clothing. ' According to this authority, the wearing of flannel next the skin is immensely injurious to the general run of men and women. Cotton Is king, in his opinion. For summer wear he suggests a calico shirt, while balbrig gan cotton- Is his idea of winter cov ering. The main point of his theory is the necessity of wearing always the same kind of material next the skin, whether this be of linen, cotton or wool. '. - " ; v'; ' .V Outdoor exercise Is highly ' recom mended that is, if cycling be except ed. Wheeling is not considered a sane performance by this judge. How to Bake, Tripe. . Cut. two pounds of boiled tripe Into inch pieces. Ieel, slice and fry in a little butter four mild onions. When of a golden grown color, turn them Into a deep baking dish, lay on them the tripe, dust with pepper and salt and one tablespoonf ul of flour. Pour over milk sufficient to cover, put over the dish a tightly fitting lid and bake j for two hours. When done, skim off the fat, turn Into a heated dish and serve. - How to Make Poor Man's Pnddinar. Wash two tablespoonf Uls of rice thor oughly, put it in a pudding dish, pour over it a quart of rich milk, add four heaping tablespoonf uls of granulated sugar and a saltspponf ul of salt. Stand the dish on the back of the. stove and as it heats and the, rice begins to swell stir it often from the bottom, to keep It from sticking. When the rice Is quite soft, add half a teaspoonful of vanilla extract and grate in quarter of a nut meg. Stir these flavorings thrpugh well and put the dish in the oven. As often as the milk begins to wrinkle on top after placing it in the oven stir it thoroughly, not allowing a crust to form on top till the milk becomes thick and creamy. Then do not stir it any more. - Let Is get a; delicate brown on top and then; take; It from the oven. Serve cold with currant jelly. r , : : , How to Make' Sandee.:; j..;s ; ' . Chop some beef or mutton very fine, about twq cupfuls. Add to it one small onion chopped fine. Season with salt and pepper and add a little gravy. But ter escalop dishes or shells and fill them two-thirds full with the mixture. Spread over ' them mashed " potatoes that have had milk or cream added to them. Brush over with melted .butter and brown in the oven. 1 How to Make Koumiss. , - One quart of perfectly fresh milk, one-fifth of a 2 cent cake of yeast, one tablespoonful of sugar. Dissolve the yeast in a little water and mix it with the sugar and milk. Put the mixture Into strong bottles beer bottles are good-r-cork them with tightly fitting stoppers and tie down securely with stout twine. Shake the, bottles for a full minute to mix thoroughly the In gredients, th(a place them on end In a refrigerator or some equally cool place to ferment slowly. At the end of three days lay the bottles on their sides; turn them occasionally. Five days are-required to perfect the fermentation, and then the koumiss Is at its best. It will keep indefinitely in a refrigerator. ! How to Prepare Fish a la Heine. To prepare fish a - la reine pick a pound of boiled fish into small pieces. Make a white sauce of one tablespoon ful of flour and one cupful of cream. Add to It the fish, two tablespoonf uls of chopped mushrooms, salt and pap rika, and heat it thoroughly over hot water. , At the ; last add the beaten yolk of one egg and one tablespoonful of chopped parsley. How to Fry Clams Maryland Style. . Put one tablespoonful of butter in a frying pan over the fire. When It is hot, add one tablespoonful of . finely chopped onion. Fry slowly for five minutes. Do not brown the onion. Add 15 soft shell clams. Cook for five min utes in a covered ' pan. Season with a little pepper. Beat the yolks of two eggs, add to them one-half a cupful of cream, add this to the hot. clams and stir until the sauce is creamy, r If it boils. It will curdle. , "'.,' . v .- ,. How to Devil Almonds. Blanch and shred two-thirds of a cup ful of almonds. Heat one tablespoon ful of butter tm til It sljzzles' and saute the almonds, then add two tablespoon fuls of chutney, four tablespoonf uls of chopped cucumber pickles, two table spoonf uls of " worcestershire'sauce,! one teaspoonful of salt and one saltspoon ful of pepper. Serve hot. How to Make Spruce Beer. ' Mix together a pound and a half of loaf sugar, two gallons and a half of water, a large piece of lemon peel, suf ficient essence of spruce to" flavor and half a cupful of yeast. ; When the beei is fermented, bottle it for use. Waterbury Advertisements. ' 1 u , ' . .... i . . Crayon Portraits FOR ' $5.00 , 4' AT POME'S ART STORE. 145 Bank Street. CHARLES 0CHS1IER, DEALER IN ' FRESH AID CURED HEATS 0? EYERI DESCRIPTION. Poultry -:- and -:- Game IN THEIR SEASON. Cor.fco. Ilaln & Grand Hts LOOK HERE. If you have had the Grip or a Bad Cold or have one now call at JNugent's Pnarmacy and get a bottle of our Emulsion of Cod liver Oil. IT'S WHAT YOU TV A NT. 40o and 75c a Bottle. i r ' - .:.. .', 1 "Prescriptions carefully compounded by licensed pharmacists at lowest prices. THE BEST CURE i Dexter's Pectoral Syrup ' A Certain Cure For - COUGHS, . ..v COLDS, , LA GRIPPE and . LUNG TROUBLES. , Every bottle warranted to do good or money refunded. " , , 7 DEXTEB & CO., Waterbury Steam and Gat " ' Pipe Works ; ' " 553 and 555 Bank street. M. J. DALY, Mechanical and Con : I r structive Engineer, Proprietor. Contractor for all kinds of Steam, Water and Gas Works; Steam Boilers furnished, set up and connected in the most ! thorough and workman like-; manner. Private ' residences and public buildings heated by low pressure steSm and hot water. -Also dealer in all Steam Appliances, Steam Pumps,: Feed Water Heaters, Inject ors, Dam pel Regulators, Etc. A large stock of valve fittings and carloads of Steam and Water Pipes constant ly on hand, A. full. line, of Engi neers' Supplies. Best of facilities for handling light and heavy work. Satisfaction guaranteed. Also plumbing done. Telephone con nection at office and residence No Municipal - Ownership for.. : ; Kelly's Rooster. A city that gives its: people good streets and keeps them clean, a first class sewerage System, a police de partment that we fear and respect, a school system well looked after, a fire department that sleeps with one eye open, and a water plant that will minion us nun luit vvai.,1 la uuiug all the work that a' city was ever in tended to do. . ' v. . , .. - "" .-;:..iv;:JlJGJJLJJLlX' (3 Chocolate Chips. You know all about these so I have only to men tion that I have them fresh every afternoon. The snappy brittleness and well: preserved flavor of these thin confections has given them 'an immense circulation. KELLY, THE BAKER. How to Regain ermi Strength ", Since nerve-weakness is caused by the loss of certain qualities, it stands to rea son that if the elements which consti tute this force can be replaced, strength and power can be regained. PA possess the precise ingredients needed in the system to recharge the nerve bat teries. TThis, remedy works in perfect harmony with nature, and revives dor mant energy to bounding action. These tablets will cure any case of lost power that is within the reach of science. They bring the flush of health to the pale cheek, brighten the eyes and infuse new life in every organ. " ? Palmo Tablets never fall to awaken and revive dormant energy. Their action is gentle and their remedial effect prompt. After the use of ! the first box the patient begins to get well. Theap petite improves, the . mind clears, the spirits revive and sleep becomes sound and refreshing. Duncan's Pharmacy, . . t Sole Agents for "Waterbury. 36 East Main Street.