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The weekly examiner. (Hartford, Conn.) 188?-190?, April 06, 1901, Image 4

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Tie Weekly Examiner,
devoted to the discussion of questions re
bating to the Social and Industrial Advance
ment of the people,vand designed to speak
the truth regardless of creed, race or polit
ical party. : - -
Ore Year, $1.00. Six Months, 50 cents.
Time Months, 25 cents. Single Copies, 3 cents.
Entered t the Hartford Post-Officb as
Second-Class Matter.
OFFICE: 45 Brown St.
ROBERT PYNE, Managing Editor.
' . .
Subscribers not receiving the paper when
iue should notify us immediately by postaL
To Non-Subscribers.
We send out a . large number of Sample
Copies of this paper every week, and per
sons receiving the same, if in sympathy
with our principles and efforts, are asked to
manifest their interest and good will by
affording us their moral and material sup
port " . -
- i iv
Whoever it was that invented the
scheme in the Connecticut legisla
ture to refer the proposed 8-hour
law to the attorney-general for opin
ion as to its constitutionality, ought
to be granted letters patent on the
device. It was a shrewd move to
save the dominant party from'the
censure of organized labor for kill
ing the measure, as it was sure to do.
And yet, the Republican managers
ought to know by this time that
there was little danger of trouble in
this direction.1 The contracted
memory of the average workingman
obviates that. It has never been
known to extend from one election
day to another. Besides, he appears
to be utterly incapable of realizing
any existing relationship between
politics and his daily bread. It is
thus that he may be found continu
ally, building up with one hand, in
his trade-unionism, and tearing down
with the other, at the ballot-box.
Of course the attorney general will
pronounce ' such propositions uncon
stitutional. What is the dollar-a-day
workingman to suppose that his
exalted neighbor is drawing his
$5r0Q(Xa year for? - . -
T" lMtl
1 V V IVI L. UldllU ill W I
The election of such pronounced
and radical reformers as Tom L'.
Johnson of Ohio to the chief magis
tracy of his home city and that a
Republican city generally and the
habitat of- Mark Hanna as well, is
not only an indication of the moral
worth of the man but an indication
of better- things in store for our now
much misgoverned 'nation. For Mr.
Johnson in this campaign, which
is said to have been of the most
spirited character, never for once
undertook to hide his radicalism, no
more than his light, under a bushel.
And best of all he was elected by
honest, conscientious and intelligent
votes, he having warned the corrupt
and the debased heelers to keep away,
that there wasn't a dollar or a drink
for them on his side of the contest;
and wanted not even the votes of
those too ignorant to understand or
indolent to care to learn what he
stood for. ; ; ... ' ' .'- i
And this hope for the future is
added unto in the repeated triumph
of Mayor Jones of Toledo on his
"golden rule" platform. So is it
again in the re-election of Mayor
Cummin gs of our Connecticut city of
Stamford. V They are all outspoken
progressive reformers, - everyone
knowing just " where they, stand on
the foremost issues of the day.
What : a contrast in the condition
of things to be found in the capital
city of the so-called "land of steady
habits," where a handful of low
minded, self seeking - manipulator of
both political parties are permitted
to hold undisputed sway over the
other seventy-odd thousand of its
population, self-respecting and fair
minded citizens of either denomina
tion finding themselves utterly impo
tent as a redeeming force in the
The joint special committee of
the Connecticut legislature appointed
to investigate the subject of voting
machines and methods of balloting,
has been heard from. And ' it is a
very agreeable surprise tot find the
names of five of the nine members
constituting the commission attached
to a report declaring in favor of the
voting machine, for the general be
lief has been that the animate
"machines" now in control of party
politics in this state would permit
of no other machine beside them.
Why the names of the other four of
the committee are missing is not
stated, and it may be possible that
their absence is attributable to influ
ence of these animate machines
referred to.
So there are hopes to be now in
dulged in for the possibility of soon
securing an honest election in Con
necticut,free from the malign and omi
nous influences of the wealthy office
hunter and self-seeking co-adju-tors
on the one hand and the swarms
of low-lived heelers and political
prostitutes in general on the other.
Here is the very hopeful summary
of the finding of the commission's
1. That the present system is not
only defective, unsafe, and unreliable,
but is wasteful, extravagant, and
pernicious. 1
2. That of all remedies suggested
to overcome the evils of our present
system the voting-machine is the
only one that seems to fully meet
the difficulty. .
3. That of the varions voting
machines examined by the members
of your commission the McTammany
system complies with the constitu
tion and election laws of this state,
and that by reason of its simplicity
and by the fact that it records the
votes cast and leaves a permanent
record to which reference may
always, be had, your commission
recommends it as the best and most
practical machine examined by
, 4. That in the opinion of the un
dersigned the McTammany system
at present legalized and in use in
this state should be adopted, and
that the secretary of state be author
ized to' purchase them for the state
and supply the same to such towns
cities, and boroughs as may petition
However, it's rather early for
exultation. We are not out of the
woods. The honorable members of
the whole general assembly are yet
to be heard from, and there is no
knowing what - influences may be
brought to bear on enough of them
to once again defeat the hopes and
aspirations of an honest and virtuous
Aguinlado today doesn't appear
in the public eye so much of a pat
riot and hero as he did a few. weeks
ago. His taking the oath of allegi
ance to the power that would en
slave his country has caused this
change in the estimate of his man
hood. And yet it isn't safe to jump
at conclusions in the formation of
that estimate. The motives of the
man should be considered, v Also all
the circumstances surrounding the
case. May it not be that the spec
tacle of some of his own people being
found as miserable traitors and hire
lings in the ranks of the enemy
created such an impression on his
agonized heart as to make him lose
faith .. not only in his cause but in
human nature as well: And how
many other influences may not have
been brought to bear false" prom
ises and representations to effect
the result. '.
However, the name of Aguinaldo
will live in history when that of his
captor will have been forgotten, The
great heart of humanity is ever
for right and justice and will do
homage to the man ready to fight and
suffer for ' a principle, when there is
nothing but detestation for the sol
dier of fortune, ready to serve any
cause, good or bad alike, in order to
achieve notoriety to become "fam
ous." Here we find this creature
Funston at one time entering the
army of the patriotic Cubans supr
posededly inspired by the hatred of
oppression and the love forfreedom,
now to find him leading a gang of
miserable hireling traitors to entrap
by,, deception a patriotic leader of a
people actuated by the same spirit of
That this man Funston is an
American citizen and has performed
this exploit on behalf of his own
country and government makes it
none the less reprehensible. The
same inconsistency is there all the
same. No man has the moral right
to do that for his own country that
would be unjustifyable in his doing
it for another country. If Spain had
no moral right to govern the people
of Cuba against their will, neither
has the United States of America to
govern the people of the Philippine
Islands against their will. So Fun
ston's act of cunning trickery cannot
appeal to the heart of genuine man
hood nor to the spirit of true pat
riotic impulse no more than the peo
pie of these United States can feel
impelled to build monuments to the
memory of Benedict Arnold or can
onize the name of Major Andre.
Anent the matter of the Carnegie
millions going out of late for the
establishment of public libraries, the
best thing we have seen or heard on
the subject comes from the Chicago
Public, the greater part of which is
here reproduced:
There is nothing in this philan
thropic spree of modern Dives to call
for commendation. The expend!
ture Dy any man ot what society
concedes to be his own fortune, is a
private matter outside the pale of
criticism. It is only when the ques
tion of how a millionaire ought to
use his wealth is brought forward in
connection with these charitable
performances that the subject be
comes one of public concern. Then
it is of public concern only to the
extent of justifying the retort that it
is nobody's busyness but his own how
any millionaire uses his wealth, pro
vided he does not use it prejudici
ally ' to the ' rights of others. The
vital question is not how the million
aires use - their wealth, but how
they get it. Not how they did
get it, for what has happened has
happened, and by-gones should rbe
by-gones; but how they are getting it
now. Have they a hoard of goods
formerly accumulated, from which
they draw? Then their getting it
hurts nobody. Do they earn it as
they go along ? Then their getting
it benefits everybody. Or do they
merely possess legal authority to levy
continually upon the common earn
ing for their own enrichment? Then
their getting it is a present and con
tinuing wrong, which is of incalcul
able public concern.
There is room for the least bit of
suspicion that Mr. Carnegie is a
philantropist for the notoriety it
brings him. At least he doesn't fol
low, the divine injunction in his giv
insrs of not letting the left hand
know what the right hand doeth.
Again, it is told of him by those who
profess to know all about it, that his
gifts are all of a public. cJiajcac.ter
nothing , to : an individual, rid matter
how urgent the case or pitiable the
appeal. Here again is something
running counter to the divine sug
gestion "In as much as ye have done
it unto the least of these my brethren
ye have done it unto me." It is
even' told of the great-hearted gentle
man that he doesn't even permit
himself to know who his applicant for
assistance may be, having given
orders to his private secretary in
advance to destroy ail such letters.
In reference to the way Mr. Car
negie came into possession of his
millions, or the way they come to
him now, there is little profit in dis
cussing. All who know anything of
such matters fully realize that there
is . no such thing known to moral
philosophy as the earning of "an
honest million" in a life time by any
individual who walks the earth, or
in the space of several life times, for
that matter. Mr. Carnegie's millions
came to him on the principle of the
hog-trough philosophy that on
which our civilization is based. But
no blame is his .for that he played
according, to the rules of the game
and that is all our civilization re
quires to fulfil the law, even though
blood spots are to be found on the
The only amends for the past of
having eaten where he had not earn
ed that a true philantropist could
make, would be in applying his sur
plus millions to the work of getting
rid of the industrial system that per
mitted him thus to get them, at the
expense of thousands who had earn
ed them for him and were doomed to
poverty in consequence, and the
substitution therefor of a system com
petent of dispensing justice in the
future a system based on the phil
osophy of the laborer being worthy
of his hire and he that will not work
neither shall he eat.
In 1892. and Now.
The solution of the never ending war
between capital and labor, lies, In our
judgment, in the recognition by capi
tal of the principle that labor is en
titled, where success has attended
their joint efforts, to share in this
common result beyond the mere pay
ment of wages. If in 1892 Mr. Carne
gie had recognized this principle, as he
does today, there would have been no
bloody and disastrous strike at Home
stead. Brooklyn Citizen.
The Strangles of Childhood' Happy
Nature With the Hard Conditions
of Poverty A Qry or other
Jones That Was Jfojlj Ansned, ,
It was early, very early In the mild
March morning when the little velvet
cutters, in twos and threes, came troop
ing down the hillsides Into Haledon
fiollow and found me sitting there In
the doorway of the deserted mill.
They seemed more like a band of
school children off for a spring holiday
than the company of striking wage
earners that they were assembling for
their dally mass meeting. Children
they were, every one of them. What
if their little old faces and bent forms
did say ever so plainly that they had
never been children, but always wom
en? The heart that beat under every
small, shabby jacket was the heartof a
And because they had children's
hearts and because every breeze that
soft March morning blew the breath of
spring each girl grasped the ends of a
skipping rope in her rough little hands,
and two of the strikers, -the tiniest of
them all. had not forgotten to bring
with them their long neglected dolls.
For, after all, it was a holiday, a strike
holiday, the only holiday the working
child knows.
The mass meeting was called for 8
o'clock, and there they were at that
hour, every one of the 75 strikers, skip
ping ropes, dolls and all, gathered in
small groups and whispering and eym
me furtively.
Their shyness was the shyness of
country children, for such all of them
really were. .At last two little girls
with more courage than the others ap
proached, while their companions fled
in 'dismay and disappeared around the
corner of the big unsightly mill.
"Please, ma'am," one of them asked,
"are you a forelady looking, for
She carried a doll in her arms, and
when I told her that I was not a fore-
lady, but had come to spend the day
with her and the rest of the girls if
they would allow me, her big brown
eyes opened wide and she laughed.
"You're surely not Mother Jones, are
you? I thought she was an old white
haired woman." -"No.";
'And not her daughter either?"
"We are looking for Mother Jones
this morning," the larger girl spoke up,
"and we all thought you might be her
when we first saw you as we came
down the hill. Oh, we do wish Mother
Jones would come and help us with our
strike! They say that strikers always
win when they have Mother Jones to
help them." The child with the doll
vanished, but in a moment reappeared
with tw6,t)theririfls, 3Fho Toegmi. tQ
.rmake shy advances to friendliness by
asking me if I lived in Paterson. As
soon as I told ; them that' I had coine
from New York and that I knew, too,
what It was" to work and suffer "and
starve, that I had come to spend the
day with them and find out the truth
of their condition, every bit of , their
proud shyness was gone, and they led
me into the deserted mill to show me
how much human suffering Is woven
into ; the warp and 'Woof and pile of
every yard of velvet that was ever
made. , ' . .
Were it not for the long frames that
fill the floors of the big barren rooms a
velvet factory might well be mistaken
for a flour mill. The beams and raf
ters" overhead, the floor underfoot, the
walls, are all infolded in a 'sheet of soft
white dust from the ,lime coated webs
on the frames.
It is this all pervading lime dust
which makes the velvet cutter's work
one of the most unendurable of all la
borious occupations. As proof It Is
only necessary to look at. the hands of
a velvet cutter who has worked at the
frames any length of time. They are
hacked and. bleeding most of the time
even in the summer, and in the winter,
the girls told me, it is something al
most unbearable.' The finger nails are
ruined beyond all remedy, and the
pretty soft hair soon becomes harsh
and brittle and breaks off and loses all
its luster.
But until some philanthropist gifted
with Yankee ingenuity . comes along
and Invents a machine for cutting vel
vet little girls' hands must work,
though hacked and bleeding, and little
girls' ringlets and braids must be sac
rificed in order that the edge of the
long ' steel velvet cutter may be pre
served. "Liming" is the first process which
the uncut velvet must go through be
fore It is ready for the cutter's knife.
This work each little cutter does for
herself, usually at night after the
working day is over, so as to have it
dry and ready for handling the next
The webs of 100 yards each are
stretched over wooden frames and
heavily whitewashed with a strong so
lution of lime. When perfectly dry,
the stiff web Is unrolled on the same
frame, ten yards at a time, and the
"races" cut, one by one, by hand.
To make the most meager wages at
this work entails a labor almost hercu
lean in its torture. It means that these
fragile girls, these stunted children, as
they ply their tasks up and down the
velvet frames must walk not less than
25 miles a day.
Nine hundred races she has to cut
in every 22 inch width of velvet. Nine
hundred times does she have to walk,
or rather run, back and forth the
length of the ten yard frame before
every race ia that much velvet is cut.
That means something more than five
miles of hot, fast, breathless walking,
during which she Is not allowed to
stop one moment to rest, nor could
she afford to ' step even if she might.
She must cut at least 45 yards of this
kind of velvet a day, or it is not worth
her while to work at all. Maybe she Is
working on what is known as "slips,"
a cheaper quality of velvet and one in
which only every other race is cut and
of which she is expected to make 90
yards a day.
For this toilsome labor the little
girl carried home to her mother at the
end of every two weeks wages based
'upon $2.85 for every 200 yards. The
most that I found any child to have
earned was $6.50 for a fortnight's
work. But that was a red letter pay
day and did not come around very of
ten or to many of the cutters.
What eats into their pitiful earnings
are the dockings for damages and bro
ken knives, and then sometimes, only
too often, they get a piece of material
full of snags and knots which it takes
double time to cut.
At 7 o'clock in the morning each lit
tle cutter has her long, sharp dagger
like knife in hand and Is at her frame
ready to run the long day's treadmill.
She- stops at 12 o'clock long enough to
eat a hasty lunch and then back again
to the treadmill until a quarter to 6. y
This Is the gist of the story of how
a yard of velvet is made, as told me
and shown me by the little strikers
gathered there in their abandoned
"And now," said the child who acted
as spokeswoman, "and now we have
struck for better pay. We want $3.50
for 200 yards of slips instead of $2.85,
Mr. Smith, the superintendent, has of
fered us $3, but we won't take a cent
less than what we have asked for, and
no damages, either."
"Oh, if -Mother Jones would only
come and help us we'd surely win!"
said another.
"Yes, if Mother Jones only knew
how our feet and legs ache and swell
she'd come to us. I know she would."
And surely Mother Jones' or any oth
er mother's heart would have bled to
see the pitiful sight that I saw. Lit
tle feet swollen and distorted and the
blue veins in small ankles and legs
gnarled and knotted. The agony suf
fered from 25 mile walks every day
ou such feet and with such ankles can
better be Imagined than expressed.
Even the children themselves wince
when they recount it.
It was pitiful to watch them scan
ning the hills for Mother Jones. I
supposed she had been sent for, but
when I made inquiries I found that in
their childish ignorance they supposed
Motner Jones to De a sort or ail wise
feminine providence who always turn
ed up just in the niclc of time to take
the side of the striker as against the
employer. With all the sublime faith
of childhood they stood there in the
mill yard and waited and watched for
a little old white haired woman to
come down and help them, and I could
not find the courage to tell them that
Mother ; Jones was several hundred
miles away and, having two or three
other and bigger strikes on hand,, had
in all likelihood as-yet never iieardoff
theirs. ' ; '.. ..V:.
But Mother Jones never came, and
three days afterward the brave little
strikers were forced to accept the com
promise originally offered them, $3 for
the cutting of 200 yards of velvet.
Dorothy Adams in New York Herald.
. Labor and Arbitration.
Daily growing stronger is the feeling
in organized labor that workmen will
be better off in this country, especial
ly in New York state, says the New
York Evening Journal, without laws
interfering with the--advantageous set
tlement of industrial disputes by vol
untary arbitration or by strikes, three
fifths of which latter have been suc
cessful in the past, notwithstanding
a widespread notion to the contrary.
At present the labor organizations In
New York city and state are concen
trating their energies to defeat the bill
Introduced by Assemblyman Costello,
which provides for boards of arbitra
tion patterned after and empowered
similarly to those in New Zealand,
whose functions have come to be popu
larly termed "compulsory arbitra
tion." The bill is being held In committee
at Albany, and Assemblyman Prince,
in an address to the Central Federated
union, urged immediate protest to Mr.
Costello against it being reported out.
Secretary Bohm was instructed to send
the Central Federated union's objec
tion to the measure, accompanied by a
list of the 114 labor organizations con
nected with this, the only central body
in Manhattan. The Brooklyn Central
Labor union took similar action, and
the assembly committee has before It
evidence that union wageworkers -in
Greater New York as a whole are em
phatically against the Costello bill.
An Illinois Coal Trnst.
A movement is said to be on foot
among the leading coal operators of
Illinois to consolidate the coal pro
ducing interests of the state into one
mammoth combine. The object of the
enterprise is to reduce the expenses of
production and to fortify the operators
against the miners' organization,
which has gained such strength of late
as to be able to assume a dictatorial
position in the matter of wages. The
projectors of the plan will endeavor
to absorb every mine in the state.
The project contemplates the forma
tion of a single company, with a capi
tal of $75,000,000, controlling more
than 900 mines throughout the state.
The product of these mines last year
was in round numbers 30,000,000 tons,
and they gave employment to 37,000
men, not including office help..
Stenographers Organise.
To advance stenography and them
selves stenographers have organized
under the title of United Stenographers
of America. Chapters will be formed
in every large city In the United States.
Burr R. Freer is the supreme ruler of
the crder and George H. Harrington
supreme secretary. .
Social Bandltlsm and What It Feeds
On The - Sordid Spirit In Church
and Nation Wrong Will Perish
From Its Own Excesses.
Special Correspondence.
Most people of our nation have heard
of a certain "Gospel of Wealth," writ
ten some time ago by a certain man
who at the time had only managed to
accumulate the bagatelle of $40,000,-
000. Only a few weeks ago the world
heard that in a single industrial con
cern the same man was worth $215,
000,000. Besides that snug sum, it Is
well known that he has immense terri
torial possessions in Great Britain,
some in this country, and no doubt he
owns piles of millions of government
bonds, English consols, etc. Considera-
ble fun has been Indulged in by some
in regard to that gospel, while other
people consider that gospel about as
good as the one preached in Judaea 19 .
centuries ago by Jesus. A . certain
weekly that halls from New York city
contains an editorial 1 the issue , of
March 9 which In forms most em
phatic again places that modern gos
pel on a level with the old one, .and
all because the former exhorts the
rich people to occasionally drop a mil
lion dollars or so for some public pur
pose out of every ten or more millions
piled up and snatched from the wealth
producers under laws of monopoly,
and1 injustice, and hence piratical In
the highest degree. -
The gentleman who stands for his
"Gospel of Wealth" recognizes that to
bequeath large sums lny favor of wives
and children is often injurious to them,
hence it is better to scatter the wealth
in charitable purposes. Ah! So it Is
dangerous for some to have great
wealth, and yet It is all right for some
to pile it up In hundreds of millions!
And what about the social system un
der which the piling process goes on? Is
that all right? That "Gospel of Wealth"
does not say anything about it. That .
alone proves Its own incompleteness.
Its own force. That alone condemng
the "Gospel of Wealth" as one of the
greatest aberrations of the wise and
the powerful wise after their own con
ceits, powerful because of the oppres
sions of a wrong industrial system
which repudiates the order of God's
universe and all principles of human
Social banditism on a scale never
seen before, legalized by human enact
ments, by agreements In legislative .
halls, agreements among men who
don't know and . don't, want to know
anything about conscience, bum an .
duty, love .toward alL peace on earth
or anything else: - social banditism.
ami fcharfty
orTmuaffLhropy with
which to hide the gangrene of. a vitiat
ed social organization there we: have
the alpha and omega of the modern
gospel of wealth, a gospel which is
bound to destroy civilization and Is de
stroying it as fast as it can or else
preparing a reaction with which to
save civilization from its own excesses
as soon as we have enough brave men
to stand by right and truth, by the
gospel of Jesus. . ,.
And what did. Jesus say to that rich
man who wanted to know how to
have eternal life? As that fellow was
satisfied with his own righteousness
and could see nothing wrong in the
social fabric that gave him piles of
wealth, while the producers of all
wealth got simply piles of poverty,
taken all in all under such peculiar
mental conditions Jesus could ' only
find a remedy for that dreadful sick .
rich man, sick in mind and souL the
worst kind of sickness we can have.
The remedy was that he should get
rid of all his wealth right off and
should stand by the brotherhood of
men that is, by the sound, honest,
social conditions embodied In the gos
pel of Jesus. That was the spirit of
Jesus'1 answer, to abandon all wealth,
or, rather, all desires for wealth accu
mulation, and to work not for the con
tinuation of Injustice In wealth pro
duction and distribution, but for con
ditions which would give wealth to
all, and hence practically wealth . to
no one, because what Is wealth to
day bat the power to keep most men
In poverty?
It looks, then, as If there was con
siderable difference between the gos-
nol rt .Toenfi artfi that famoa POKnfil
of wealth approved by ' our modern
plutocracies. And the worst Is that
such plutocracies control the sordid
spirit of churches and nations. The
weekly above mentioned approving
the gospel of wealth Is principally
controlled by an eminent divine. Most
of such eminent fellows seem to be
sold to Mammon in our days of aber
ration. In politics, religion, Industrial-
Ism, etc .
Never mind, wrong cannot last for
ever, sooner or later it must perish
through its own excesses. In the
meanwhile there is a great work that
somebody must try to do the work of
reasoning through correct processes,
with but one grand aim In view viz.
to place civilization on a basis that
should make life, worth living to all,,
and not a mad hunt after wealth as it
is today. Joss Gsos. .
Japanese Labor In Canada.
The trades and labor congress waited
on Sir Wilfrid Laurier and on the min
ister of labor, Mr. Mulock, the other
day and asked for legislation to pre
vent the fraudulent granting of certifi
cates of naturalization to Japanese on
the Pacific coast. Sir Wilfrid said that
the government would have certifi
cates for naturalization given by a su
preme court judge. Instead of a justice
of the peace as at present, and this
Would be a measure of protection, t

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