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I VOL. XIX. NO. 20. ;HARTF0RI AND , ,V ATEIIBUR YY GONN., SATURDAY, APRIL 13, 1901. PRICE, 3 CENTS. .a j Ac(ff im-: M Mfp m if irer M m a i . - m v m- -m. , m m m mm mm- mm mm mm- - m m m . - ".i v . v - jr.-' .. .. 1 a . m m mm m Y VII I J V .V jr I V - I. J AA AV II 11 41 II I -- r T I t II ft ' - ; " ' ' ; . i .' f . BRIDGE NOT NEEDED Miners Travel Across a Wild River i on a Thread. Men Who Uae the "Slcr Trailed ti Western PenwirlTuis lugl ' at Wkat Strnn-er Call the Peril w , , f f of :roir Daily Trip. Sky ferries are probably unknown to the citizens of any other section of the country than those of the Youghio gheny river valley, in western Penn- , sylvania. The Youghiogheny river is the. lar gest tributary of the Monongahela, and although only navigable for about six or eight miles of its length Vbove its mouth" at.'McKeesport, where it emp ties into the Mononerahela, it is; a most important stream, as along its banks are situated the great Pennsyl vania coking coal fields. The Youghiogheny is a brawling, rough stream, that tumbles over rocks most of its way from its source away ub in the Blue Ridere mountains of southern Pennsylvania to its mouth at McKeesport.T f T f l "Rolling alongthroughfthe(,mointain passes, nature . has not always been kind enough to furnish a town site at -11 i A Ul . uie same puiui wucfe me umuiu jx h mine shaft' is located, and it is fre quently necessary for the hundreds of miners who work in the mines along the river to seek habitations on the opposite side of the' stream from the coal works This is where me "sky ferry" comes in handy, says the Philadelphia Press, Nothing ever disturbs. the .ferries. High water never reaches them, and when the ice goes out in the "Dare Devil Yough," as the stream is locally known (it is pronounced, " Yock," by the way), the "sky ferry carries its passengers high and dry above all danger. . j."'n; '"'I rV' . '' There are a number of these ferries along the river. The first one built was at Greenock, about six miles south! of McKee sport. The river is about J.50 yards wide at this point and the nature of the ground and' the financial status of the resi- SKY TROLLEY AND PLATFORM. (Used by Pennsylvania Miners to Cross Rivers and Creeks.) dents of Greenock both prohibited the erection of a substantial bridge. In this emergency two geniuses of the little mining hamlet, W. H. Heath and IS. F. Cloman, solved the problem of all-the-year-around transportation for the Greenock people over and back across the Youghiogheny river. They built the first "sky ferry" and since then the scheme has been adopt ed bya- dozen or more mining towns on the river. The ferries are purely cooperative affairs. To become a member of the company owning and operating a ferry requires a membership fee of two dollars. Upon the payment of this sum the ap plicant .for membership in the com pany is furnished with a key, or with several keys, for his family, if he needs them. Until the trap door leading to the platform on either bank of the river is opened with this key passen gers are unable to reach the cage in which the passage from one side of the river to the other is effected. A small windlass, in the cage, en ables the passenger to grind himself along the wire if the cage fails to make the run all the way across the river on gravity. A similar windlass is provid ed on the platform at each side of the river to draw the cage over if it chances to be on the opposite side when an intending passenger climbs the steps to the cage platform. These ferries have now been in use for a number of years and are the most popular form of communication between the opposite banks of the brawling Yough. No accidents have ever occurred, and they are considered as safe as a bridge, even in a heavy windstorm. The over - head cable, on which the cage is sus pended, is stout, half -inch steel and is guaranteed to last a lifetime in this kind of work. It is kept thoroughly covered at all times with coal tar to protect it from the weather, and men, women and children make hundreds of trips a day through the air, in the cage which is suspended 100 feet or more above the swiftly rushing Youghiogheny. r Whistle Sliriefcs for Mamma. Berlin is afflicted by'a new toy im ported from Paris. It is a pocket whistle that emit s a whine, winding up , with a shriek of "Mamma, mamma." 111 MB I 4T1 . I I iWMSBk RECORD OF FUNSTON. Kamsaa Hero Una Taken Leading Role in Many Darius Undertake ina tnd Adventarea. GJen. Funston's capture of Aguinaldp is a spectacular climax to the young Kansan's adventurous? career. It overshadows anything1 he has accom plished from., the. time he broke all travel records in Alaska in 189? until he and his brave men swam the Maria bao in the face of a galling Filipino fire and dashed into ' Malolos- the first American soldiers to set foot in that stronghold. - ! Funston was born in Ohio in 1863, but went to Kansas when he was 16 yearB old. His first adventure of public im- GEN. FREDERICK E. FUNSTON. (The Kansas Hero Who Captured Agui naldo in His Camp.) portance was the expedition to Alaska, where the secretary of agriculture sent him to get botanical specimens He was there 18 months and during that time traveled v farther than any white man before or since and under went all sthe hardships known to the region atHhat period. After his return he went to Cuba as a captain of artillery in the insurgent army. He figured, in. nearly ; all the hand to hand struggles of the Cubans' last desperate campaign against Wey ler and went home avith three wounds one in the arm, another in the lungs and another in the thigh. He was still lame when he left Kansas for the Phil ippines '. with the Twentieth.? - ' Gen. Fjhston's3 most noted exploit in the Philippines was at the battle of Malolos.-' He has figured in other sen'1- sational aaventiires.'hftwfitpr-, nnrl was he that captured,.lhe letters lin jjrirate pajers of the insurgent leader, pravin ' that -4he' insurrection 1 had been aided materially: by-persons in this country. - 1 - JOSEPH H. MILLARD. Oman a Banker Elected United State Senator for the Long Term toy Nebraska's Les;iaiature After a bitter and long-prolonged struggle the legislature of Nebraska elected two republican United States senators. For the short term the legislators selected Gov. Dietrich and for the long term Mr. Joseph H. Millard, a well-known Omaha banker. Senator Millard was born in Hamil ton, On t., in 1836. He came to Ne braska in 1856, and has lived in Omaha ever since that time. In 1883 he was a candidate for the United States senate, but was defeated., by Gen. Charles F. Manderson.' Mr.?Mil- lard is at the head of the Omaha na tional bank, having risen ; from the position of cashier, to which he was appointed in 1867. He has a yearly income of $35,000 as president of the JOSEPH H. MILLARD. (Elected United States Senator from Ne braska Until 1907. ) concern. His wealth is rated at over half a million. He was for many years a director of , the Union Pa cific railroad, but has not been con nected with that corporation since its reorganization some time ago. He has never held a public office of any kind before. He has the reputa tion of being an indefatigable work er, and has for jrears been in the habit of arriving at his bank at seven o'clock in the morning. Waa a Real Philanthropist. Minnesota has lost a philanthropist named John S. Harris, who found 40 acres enough to demonstrate the value of apple-growing to the state, and also to originate new varieties suited to the climate. Nobody ever hurrahed for Harris, but he was worth more than 10,000 demagogues to Minnesota. f Zr . , ,4hHNS MAN IN THE STREET. "il 'V"' i -'i r j i i London's New Bishop Has Faith in Him and His Future. , :tl D. Ingram m. Practical Maai : of Af- ' Sal ra Rath er . .Thana Scholar-.,;-f' One of the Orls-lnatora of . ' ! "Settlement Work." i v I t. i Kl Ai " ; .,5 -: English folk at home and - pver seas are yet talking of the . new bishop of London;; of his early work, his "discovery" by Dt. Maclagahv now archbishop " of "6rT,hisTabors at Oxford house," his disputations. iij Victoria park and how! elevatioiii after only 17 years in holy orders io the . most r,responsiblej. position, , next to the: primacy ,U which 1 the . Church of England has to offer. It is as the f rie-ncf, 'Ihe practical friend, of that multitudinous, British, individual, the .man in the . street, that Dr. Ingram has won his reputa tion? The winning of tit has been done since 1888. Before that his life had been much like.; that of any young Englishman" destined to the churchr-f r ' Hf k He was born f 4 ryearp ago x$in Worcestershire. His father was Eev. E. Winnington-Ingram, eqf Stanford rectory' and vKibbesfdrd 'house; ' and on his mother's' side .lie 'is-a' grand- son of Dr. Pepys, who, was bisliop of Worcester from 1841 to 1861.. 'He was educated atvMarlborQUhn:idpl lege, and took a scholarship atKeble college, Oxford, irher a" tie"t was4 der Dr- Talbot,? jwith, whom he will now share , the episcopal oversight in London He was " ordained deflon and priest by the . bishop,, of Lichfield in 1884, and ,Mcens.e$ toj; the cuytpy of St.' ."Mary's, Shrewsbury? .-Two years later he became privftte 'chap lain to his bishop, Dr. Maclagan, iiow archbishop of ,York, ho'may fair ly be said, to have discovered . him. Then, in 1888-89, he? entered on i the work which ultimately brought K- him to the front, as i-head of Oxford vouse, at Bethnal Green. Canon RTV REV. DR- INGRAM. ,' (Recently Created Bishop of London by King- Edward VII.) Henson had preceded him, and had found the task, almost more than his strength could cope with! Mr. Ingram brought to it an untiring vigor, and he established at once a close bond' of interest between the young Oxonians and the work bf the settlement. He developed its activi ties both on the socials side and on the argumentative. Sunday after Sunday he stood in Victoria park, welcoming the argu ments of the atheists and ' meeting them with a style of eloquence which began insensibly to assimilate itself to their own. In Victoria park, that arena of free speech, he took his stand among the socialists with their red flag, the Salvation Army with its brass band, the labor party, the secularists, the Mormons, ubiquitous gentleman with fads, and cranks of all varieties. The appearance of a "real parson" in the midst of these groups was sufficiently novel to bring a crowd, and it is to Bishop In gram's credit (and the secret of his success in other directions) that he could hold it. Humor, point, repar tee and pertinent anecdote all of these are his; and they only-kept the people agape while serious words were deftly inserted. It is still easy, as one hears him preach in St. Paul's, to reconstruct the scene in the park, and as a preacher the bishop will probable carry the - effects of "it through life. It is his practical way of doing the day's work in yie slums around Bethnal Green that is his chief char acteristic, and no sketch of the new bishop is complete without a refer ence to it. When he went to. Oxford house, near by stood the first church that was built in that district. The inhabitants had given nothing to it, but some of them said they would subscribe sixpence to hang the bish op when he came to consecrate it. For these people the mission of Ox ford house was threefold; it sought to save their bodies, minds and spir its. It got at the bodies and minds first, and. as these grew cleaner it touched thsir souls. The creation of clubs was the first process self-governing clubs, with all sorts of amuse ments and athletics. The boys are reached first, and they came in out jih fcwst ' ' " " - v I of the stieetsifaiid.tIearned to behave, : kee'ciea pl&y fair and idolize their elubi 'TbreaTOllowed the men, - and, elsewhere, tHe girls and women. The elujas were , fliirely tsocial clubs there was po buttonholing . for evangelistic purposes; but;, but of , the clubs grew der6tajng ' societies ' and lectures and a ptyt of vinuiry, and this led to pcsoiat r nitercmirse and'1 influence, anSf -onib rKble classes, and Sun daffjalk, and all the rest. ' To all thl JhffTJn; gqve the ideal and . the !tiil$fMdoTer it. and ,in It, h wwl night aud day. jygAtossfq. dietrich. Wavr . pt -Sta'tea Senator from, ITe ;rbrawkaj r.ked Hlmaeif to tae Tf - '''' JFtottt ! jr' Hta Own Efloirta. : . . V x-y 1 :- H ' r " ' ''.vi-wj ' r ijC&apestHi Dietrich is essentially a selfmademan'. . Unswerving persever aneeV indomitable determination, un fiinchng .jBourage and great generos ity have? bieeh recognized iajais distin guishng iharacteristics, mice he. first entered; the political ) arfpa. " He has a - striking... personality nd through Ms jlmii1?iduar efforts has risen from oliiHiyCtQ a e seat, ih .the United r States :.senate.','. He-was born in Chi- pajgc ih'1853. . His parents were born in Gmatry-5 In 1848 his father was try forced to leave native land be CHARL.ES H.( DIETRICH. (Elected United States Senator from Ne V j braska Until 1905.) cause of his sympathy with the cause of the; patriots, and, he went to Que bec. 'A fewmonths later his mother came to ' America landing; at ' New Or leans. After sa-long search, geograph- eacn otner in ot. JJtm came", to Chicago.'. At - the age of -12 -.Charles secured employment on a if arm and after, re maining, at. that vfofk three years he went to St.! Joseph. Mo., and eWasred in the hard ware-bu'siness.: He after ward returned to' Chicago, and- fol lowing the samei line of : employment saved enough os embark in; the hard' ware business t:pidmself - in Arkan sas. In 1875 he - was robbed by high waymen, left 'almost destitute and dying and had to begin all over again. He encountered numberless hardships until he struck luck in a mine which he disposed of to eastern 'capitalists for a considerable sum. In May, 1878, he married Miss Elizabeth Slaker at Aurora, Wyo., and located in Hast ings, where he embarked in the mer cantile business. Mr. Dietrich worked in his store all day, and in the evening delivered goods to customers in a wheelbar row. His business met with success from the start, and he soon became one bf the foremost' citizens of Hast ings. He was there instrumental in organizing the German national bank of Hastings, of which institution he was president at the time he received the republican nomination for gov ernor of Nebraska early in 1900. Blsr Order of jJauerkrant. . An order -was lately placed with a Philadelphia firm by the German gov ernment for 2,400 tons of sauerkraut, to be sent to the army in China. For many years the kraut made in Ger many has been considered the best, and large quantities were imported into the United States. Manufacturers say that recently there has been a change, consumers having apparent ly come to the conclusion that the American article is as good, if not bet ter, than the imported stuff. Date Culture in California. At Muleje and Santa Rosalie in Low er California there are some 60,000 bearing date trees, the fruit from which is exported in rawhide packages containing about 50 pounds each. . - ill c " Tree Planting in New Yorlc. New York City's Tree-Planting asso ciation, composed of public-spirited citizens, not only set out 3,126 shade trees last year, but secured the pas sage of laws empowering the park commissioners to take entire charge of street tree-planting, so that the work can be done on an extensive scale and in the most effective man ner. The Only Woman Admiral. The queen of Greece holds a unique position,'for, on account of her great love for the sea, the late Alexander III. of Russia made her an admiral of the Russian fleet instead of giving her the customary regiment. Her majesty is the only lady admiral in the world. his . Jr .... . Mw HAS LOTS OF NERVE. Daring Illinois Girl to Build a Home on. Pike's Peak. SIIm Llszte Wallace, of Adair, 111-, la Chuck Full of Romaatle No- tiona and Fully Determined to Become a Mountain Reclnae. Miss Dizzie G. Wallace, a prettj young woman of Adair, 111., is going to make herself a home on Pike's peak, and brave all the terrors and horrors of life so far above the ordinary mor tal. She seems to be possessed of lota of nerve as well as a goodly amount oi muscle, gained especially for this un usual undertaking by a year's rigid training in. an eastern gymnasium Just now that is her particular stock in trade, coupled with a short bicycle suit, a wheel and a small amount ,of money 'left her by an old aunt who raised this aspiring young woman to tfie height she. deemed. nece.ssary both in stature and sociai standing, but the desire to live a whole summer on the top of the peak in a' house built by her own hands shows that the ward wants to be raised still further. She proposes to have a .sort of roughly' constructed dwelling of luge, irregular stones, piled together heter ogeneously, and, of course, made with an eye for. sufficient comfort and protection from the ..fierce storms which sweep the sides of the peak. The experience is not without an element of danger, for the records of the Unit ed States signal service tell of a hor rible , week spent by Sergt. O'Keefe while holding the station in" the capac ity of observer. Mountain rats, great, huge, bristly things, the size of porcu pines are said to haunt" these rocks, and, 'if,, the veracious chronicler is to be believed,' these mountain denizens carried off the body, of his dead child. This monster rodent onlyissues forth' j at night time, aid Sergt. O'Keef e's life was only saved Vby- turning day ' into night," sleeping twhile- his persecutors alept and getting up with the dark MISS LIZZIE G. WALLACES. (Illinois Girl Who Proposes t$ Live on mica's Peak.) ' and' fighting them for 12 hours, . suc ceeding in keeping them at bay for a week, until the storm abated and his heliograph signals of distress brought him relief from Colorado Springs. The gallant sergeant estimates that ' he killed at least 200 of these ferocious mountain rats, and that alone 6aved him. For, like a pack of wolves, the sharp-toothed assailants fell upon the dead bodies and satisfied their crav ings for blood. . If the ordinary woman trembles at the sight of a mouse, she may well draw her skirts closer and shiver in horror as she thinks of the courageous attempts . of Miss Wallace to hold the fort against the rats. Speaking of her plans, Miss Wallace told the Chicago Times-Herald her reason for leaving t Chicago. "I am just 23 and I am my own boss since Aunt-Lizzie Prescott died. I lived on a farm with her seven miles out from Adair. The dear old soul - left me everything she had, I was an orphan and I was everything to her that she was to me. The estate is all settled up now, and. I have got enough to bring me in a nice little income and make me feel independent. I always was inde pendent, and that is why I left Chicago against the wishes of Uncle Ed. I went to live with him when Aunt Lizzie died. I left against his wishes, and here I am going down to Colorado Springs. As soon as the snow gets off I am go ing up the peak to stay all summer. "I am going to build my own house," Miss Wallace continued, as she stretched forth an arm f6r the writer to feel. "You seeI have a little mus-l cle, and what's the reason I can't pile one rock on another and build myself just the sort of romantic grotto I have dreamed about for years? Then I can get a carpet and a cot and a little camp stool, and provisions and a cat, and, with my trusty rifle and revolver, I will defy the world." Endurance of Chilian Horses. Chilian cavalry horses have been put through a remarkable test of en durance. Twenty-one officers mount ed on their ordinary chargers rode 250 miles in three days, covering 81 miles the first day, 81 the second, and 88 the third. The route was over rough mountain roads,, in some places 3,000 feet above sea level. All the horses were bred in Chili. . HAS GREAT POWERS. W. W. Rockbill, Special Com loner of the American Gove ment at Peklnar, China. W. W. Rockhill, who is now discharge ing the duties of special commissioner! to China at Peking, has as delicate a commission as has ever been instrusH ed to an American diplomat. Itisex- pressly said that he is in China merely u an observer 'for the- president W. W. .ROCKHILL. (Special Commissioner . of the Ignited? States at. Peking:.) . -fj While that is technically true it is alsof a fact .that he is intrusted with f ulll diplomatic powers in the .interest bf an early settlement of the Chinese! problem. While- Mr. Rockhill is noti and there is no intention of maSing! 11 e r x g ? mm xne successor 01 xumster vuiiger he is the direct agent of the United! States government in the-field, and hlsj powers are very great. . -J All Mr. Rockhill s training has beea along lines to fit him for the task that? is now his. When Mr. Rockhill lef the United States he-was of opinioi that it would not be sufficient merely to look into conditions in Shan-Tum province and in Peking, A but that it would be necessary for him to visit other provinces and cities where theroj was disquiet and danger to foreign inH teres ts. Then, he will be able to givaj the -president a comprehensivei,outlin of the Chinese conditions up to date. J r :. - ' '' . Girl Shoots " Second 'In Duel. "T Another duel in Paris has resulted in bloodshed. The combatants wersf two shop "girls in a " large ' draper store. Stirted5.by; gealousy orer thef, Wmsn nf. their denartmeittJ : 'wlin' flit 'yLVVh'" bo t h girls, .they 'chsT lenged' eaeh 6h"e 6erZt!-i wtif re-i Tolvera.-- Ther. woods near v Yincennesf was rthe:, rendezvous." ' Accompanied? by four -seconds;: the girls' arrived a4( the' spot " on Thursday . morning an took .up. their, i positions.. . 25 .': paces! apart. A trembling second was abbut to announee.th,e signal ? to'fire - when( a forester appeared on the - scene J When he appared . the seconds fled One of the frightened principals in' : voluntarily- pressed . the - trigger of her revolver with the result that one of; the seconds - fell screaming . with, i bullet in her arm.-: The forester tool the wounded girl to the nearest hos pital and ' marched the , others to that police station." . v j FLAG FOR , PHILIPPINES. Secretary of War Root Gives Orde a to Dealg-n of Army Head ' quarter Standard. Secretary Root issued an order do1 fining the standard flag for the head quarters-of the divisionsof the Philips pines. It states: . i "The headquarters of the division! of the Philippines will be designated PHILIPPINE ARMY FLAG. (Recently Adopted by Order of Secretarjf of War Root.) ' s by a standard of khaki-colored siiy or bunting, measuring three feet onj the staff and four feet six inched fly, cut . swallow-tailed 12 inches to( the fork, bearing in the center cw circles overlapping each other, onei third radius, resembling the figure 8, one foot six inches high and oi corresponding width. The symbol td be in r6d, bordered in white .one and . one-half , inches, and edged in blua three-quarters of an inch, surmount- ed by a redscroll bearing the device 3 'Division of the' Philippines embroi- dered in blue letters. 7 ' "Total length of lance to be nind feet, including spear-head t and fer rule." y:.r r - " f - ; The Battle of Chletcamangra. -' Gen. EL V. " Boyntonj. who has been; an exhaustive student of the battle of Chickamauga, writes that "there were: 583 more confederates killed at Chick amauga in two days than-at Gettys burg in three, and the percentage of union loss for those engaged was .greatest atChickamauga."