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V II Ay 0 vv HARTFORD AND VVATERBURY, CONN., SATURDAY, JUNE 15, 1901. PRICE, 3 CENTS. VOL. XIX. NO. 29. V 1C . V. 11 11 I M 11. i 1 II 11 V V J &3 CV PERSIA MUST YIELD. Ultimately the Shah's Realm Will Be Absorbed by Russia. Another Step Tovrardthe Bear'i Inev itable Conquest of Asia Wliy the Rmilaaa Are the ltest of Coloniser. John Kimberly Mumf ord, writing' of Russia's conquest of Asia in the World's Work, discloses how the em pire of. the czar reaches out into Persia, with the manifest intention of some day, in the fullness of time, en folding the realm of the shah. One need be in Persia only a little time, says Mr. Mumf ord, to realize the Rus sian predominance. Persia is Russian. That this is true is manifest in many ways that are a study of the efficacy of the peaceful method, a revelation of Muscovite versatility. Everywhere things Persian are disappearing, and the Russ is substituting for them his own memorials in brick and stone, steel and steam and electricity. ' Russia progress to the south dur ing the last 70 years has been quiet, but by xro means accidental. It is not at all (mysterious, though often so called. It is simply the carrying" out of a definite plan, a waiting ".plan, based on slow but persistent advance. This advance has been facilitated by the inexplicable . policy of England. Mr. Mumf ord says: "Sir . Henry Drummond Wolfe, for mer representative of Great Britain at the court of Teheran, secured for English corporations, by virtue of tne loans, concessions of all sorts, look ing to the development of Persia, banking charters, 'mining charters and the like. He retired from the post leaving the English in posses sion of material rights and privileges 'throughout the kingdom, and in con trol of the custom house receipts of the gulf ports as security for inter est on monetary advances. That po sition the present British government has to all appearances abandoned. In England's refusal to guarantee the Persian loan of 22,500,000 roubles lay the opportunity . Russia, had long looked for, and to her indorsement o4 COUNT DELAMSDORFP. (Russian Statesman Who Has Undermined England in Persia.) , the obligation she attached the most sweeping and subversive of condi tions, including, first of all, the wip ing . out of all debt to England. . Prompt conformity to these has been exacted. The money which Had been' borrowed from England was all re- paid, in compliance with the Musco- ' vite demand, within two years after Russia had taken up the sponsorship and the rights that accompanied it." In conclusion Mr. Mumf ord says: . "The Russian knows the people he ' holds sway over and manages them 4 as no other can, for their blood is in him. He conciliates native agencies at every step of the way. He is mindful of the admoni tion of Paul I.; he remembers that he is 'only. at war with the English and is the friend , of all who do not give them help.' He 'assures men of the friendship of Russia.' He anni liilates memories; he weans peoples from regrets. He plays upon their vanity until it is transmitted into loy alty; he grafts upon his already con glomerate speech something of the language of the conquered, and the next generation speaks with the tongue of Moscow. In brief, he. finds a ' barbarian, and, moving on in the prosecution of his eternal purpose, leaves a Russian. That is what he has been doing in Caucasia and Trans caucasia, as well as on the far side of the Caspian, and that, reasonably as- burning that England willnot inter fere strongly to block his progress to the south, is what he will ultimately dro in all parts of Persia; what that w411 mean, in the struggle which is bound to come some day, the map shows. That he aspires -to th possession of all Asia there seems wo longer any room for doubt. There are great obstacles in his path; he , removes them. He has one way in Manchuria, another in Iran. But he in building warships as fast as he is taking up land in Asia. He anchors them now in Port Arthur; next in Uushire and Bender Abbas. How soon will the searchlights of his cruisers sweep the harbors of Calcutta and Bombay?" ...... JAPAN RULES COREA. Hermit Kingdom Is Virtually a Prov. lnee of the Mikado' Progressive and Clever Empire, In an article on Corea from the Jap anese standpoint in the Nineteenth Century, Mr. H. N. G. Busby gives a very roseate account of the position which Japan has succeeded in estab lishing in Corea, notwithstanding the opposition of Russia since the treaty of S.himonoseki. "This treaty was signed in 1895, and since then the Japanese have spent much thought and money on Corea. Already in Seoul, the capital, five per -euL of the population are Japanesa. MARQUIS TAMAGATA. (Japanese Statesman Who Forced Corea to Acknowledge His Mastery.) At Chemulpho the proportion is prob ably higher. At Fusan there is a flour ishing Japanese settlement, and the Japanese are , rapidly increasing in other important towns. They have ob tained by pressure or purchase the con cessions for the Seoul-Chemulpho and Seoul-Fusan railways; they have min ing concessions at Chiksan, Changsan, Songhwa (gold), Cholwan (iron), Phy ongyang (anthracite), and more at several other places. They have whal ing rights connected with three prov inces; they conduct the post and tele graph services; they maintain nearly 20 schools, and as many Buddhist mis sionaries; they haye undertaken and nearly - completed; i the - sfto'f fshore reclamations at -Chemulpho Mokpho, Kumsanpho an Masanphoi they own half, the, Ranking establishments,-haT'e" built a mint, and keep the treasury, funds, though the : latter -is not what a London" banker' would term a good account. It is needless to add, there fore, that their political and commer cial stake in the country is very great, especially as the above list by no means exhausts the limits of their enterprise. Russia, on the other hand, has three almost worthless coal mining conces sions, a branch bank, a Greek church priest who baptizes all and sundry, some whaling rights, the valuable privilege of felling trees in certain dis tricts, some land privately acquired at Chinanpho, and a coaling station at Masanpho in default of another to which Japan successfully raised objec tion last year. Her influence at court is considerable, but no case is on record of its having prevailed in opposition to that of the Japanese. So much for Japanese enterprise in Corea. The service Corea renders to Japan is pro portionate." REV. HENRY C. MINTON. Selected by Presbyterian Assembly to Superintend Revision of the Denomination's Creed. Rev. Dr. Henry Collin Minton, the chairman of the new committee on revision of the creed of the Presby terian church, has acted as moder- REV. HENRY C. MINTON.. Head of the Creed Revision Commltte. ator of the present general assem bly, and is one of the most popular and learned of the Presbyterian di vines in the country. Dr. Minton is professor of theology in the semi nary at San Anselmb, Cal. He is widely known throughout the east as well as the west, especially in Pittsburgh. He was born near Pros perity, in Washington county, Pa., in 1855, and his mother still lives in Claysville. Dr. Minton's student days were spent in Washington and Jef ferson college, from which he was graduated in 1879. The choice of the learned professor for head of the committee on revision is regarded as being singularly appropriate, and is heartily indorsed personally by most of the delegates to the assembly. fk ALL MEN ARE LIARS. So Declares Mrs. Irving, a Chicago Business Woman. Will Pay One Thousand Dollars to Any Person Upon Proof That He Acted Honorably In Busi ness for One Month. With $1,000 in lieu of a lantern Mrs. Nancy B. Irving, a book publisher, has started out to emulate Diogenes in his search for an honest man. Mrs. Irving is not a pessimist who thinks there are no honest men in the world, according to the. common ac ceptance of the term, but she believes it is an impossibility to live a strictly honest business or professional life under the present conditions of so ciety. To prove the point Mrs. Irving offers to deposit $1,000 in a Chicago bank, which will be paid to the first business or professional man who can conclusively prove that he has carried on his work for a month withotit ly ing. She is anxious to prove the point because of a book she has in view. , The.conditions are simple Mrs. Ir ving will name two men, the man who thinks he holds title to the $1,000 may name two, and a fifth will be named by these four. They will act as judges upon the business record of the claimant, trusting him to tell his own story and give all the evi dence. ' . ' . Mrs. Irving thinks she will not losi the $1,000. If she does she is quite certain the honesty of the man .wjio gets it will have reduced him to such poverty that he will need it. Mrs. Irving, with Emil Blum .and Sigmund Alexander, propose to put forth their ideas anent the general tendency of the modern man' and woman to follow in the footsteps of Ananias- Every man, they hold, , is obliged to play the part of a respect able liar and thief to succeed In. busi ness. The business man lies to his competitors and patrons and steals' from his employes or from society at arge. ' .-f- - . ; ' "I do it', myself," ' said Mrs. Irving to a Chicago Tribune reporter, be MRS. NANCY B. IRVING. (Chicago Woman Who Offers $1,000 Re ward for an Honest Man.) cause to live at the present time I am obliged to take advantage of society as it exists. I hope for other condi tions of society. That is why I pub lish this book." The plot they have in mind is this: Eight men who were former college chums are assembled at an anniver sary dinner when the story begins. A ninth member of the brotherhood suddenly enters the room. He has been abroad for many years and was not expected. His eight friends were in the act of drinking his health, and one of the speakers had toasted him in these words: "The Joseph of sons and brothers, the Castor Qf friends, the Bayard of purity, and the St. George of the oppressed." "Lies, all lies," is his dramatic ex jclamation. ! A discussion is started, and it re sults in a wager of the eight men with the ninth, whose name is Rust. Rust agrees to forfeit $1,000 to any one of the other men who can live his professional and social life for one week without lying. The eight men represent various professions and oc cupations, and the story follows them through their endeavors to be per fectly honest on all occasions. There are plenty of opportunities for humorous situations in the course of the narrative. One of the men, a university professor, goes before a woman's club with, the determination to see what effect a plain, unvar nished statement pf the truth will have. The result is so disastrous that he does not recover in time to resume the race. . The editor was in the worst way of all of them. He attempted to print nothing but the truth in his paper. The subscription list began to fall so rapidly and the advertisers were so offended that he relinquihed all claim to the $1,000 and accepted society as he found it. The others had their va rious experiences, humorous and tragic. "The first impression conservative people get when they hear about this book," said Mrs. Irving, "is that it may be a radical attack on dishonest business men. It is nothing of the sort. : "I believe the social conditions j which make it necessary for a busi- ness or professional man as well as a large majority of other men to lie can be remedied. I do not hope for a revolution. But I do. believe that Who Lies?' will suggest many strik ing thoughts to people which will work toward a regeneration of social conditions. , "For one thing, the fact we are all more; or less liars and thieves under present conditions, when we become conscious of ' it, gives us a different opinion of our less fortunate fellow me." ' V ' - PATRIOT AND SCHOLAR. Porto Rico's First Commissioner to the United States Congrress a " . Man of Many Parts. Hori. F. Degetan y Gonzales, the com missioned to the congress'of the Unit ed States from Porto Rico, is a man of much learning- and a wide acquaint ance .with public, affairs. He is a law yer and a graduate of the Central uni versity at Madrid. While yet a very young man he was elected by the acad emy of anthropological sciences at Madrid to the presidency of the de partment of moral and political sci ences. v He also studied at 'the Sala manca and Granada universities. He is a member of; a number of scientific societies, and is president of the local HON.' P. DEGETAN Y GONZALES. (Porto Rico's First Delegate to the United - . r States Congress.) . ' V ; V .... ... . ' .. . board . of education at San Jtian.-' He AV'i&r(V:re4ory,i)f thi interior for Porto. Rico hy? appointment; of Gen. Henry.. Though . born in 1962,' and therefore only S years of age, Senor Degetan has long been recognized as a 1 leader among his people. His aspirations were republican, and in 1896 he was one of the four commissioners sent to; Spain to ask for autonomy. In 1898 he was elected a deputy to the cortez at Madrid. He is the author of a number of books, consisting of essays, novels and short stories. yPolitical, educa tional and sociological questions have so deeply interested him that they form the central problems of even his lighter essays in. the- field of fiction. 'What a Quixote" is a protest against the indifference of modern society; "The Redemption of a Conscript" deals with the question of . philanthropy; two others with the social slavery of children, one a circus boy and the oth er a little negro attached to a Porto Rican sugar plantation. "Tales for the Voyage" (Cuentos Vara el Viage) is a collection of short stories more or less concerned with the problems of environment and education;, and "Youth" these latter two forming the latest and most mature of his writings consists of a series of pictures in the life of young men whose fundamental aspiration is the abolition of capital punishment. This last work is in spirit if not in letter autobiographical, and is reflective, in a vivid way, of the au thor's experience while studying in Madrid. "The. Ai B C of. the Froebel System" is a study of those methods of instruction linked. with the name of the-Great German educator. This work has given Senor Degetan a wide reputation in educational circles. Hereditary Suicidal Mania. An extraordinary case of heredi tary suicidal mania is reported from Paris. A skilled artisan in wrought iron has been found by his wife hang ing quite dead from the ceiling in their dining-room. The man left a letter saying that he was forced to commit suicide because he had reached the age of 35 years, at which his forefathers before him had all taken their own lives. The police in quiry has shown that the latter part of the man's statement is correct. The suicide mania runs in the fam ily and irresistibly gains possession of each member as they attain their thirty-fifth year. The man's father and grandfather, and lately his uncle, all died by their own hand when they reached that age. Since his last birthday deceased had been de pressed and told his wife and his friends what was preying on his mind was the uncontrollable force, which he was powerless to resist, urging him to commit suicide during the year. Platinum ncoml"B scarce. ' Scarcity of platinum is causing con cern in the medical, electrical and pho tographic worlds. The price bas been gradually going up until now it is quoted at a higher figure than at any time since its discovery. It is now quoted at $36 an ounce. .... . - -- - v j ' V v ' r' PUZZLES WISE MEN. Strangest of Living Beasts Dis covered in Africa. Scientists Do Not Knoi Whether to Class It with the Horse or Ante lope Creature Had Been Considered Extinct. Sir Harry Johnston's discovery oi. the helladotherium, living in the for est depths of the Congo Free State, and his shipment of a skin and two skulls of the animal to the British museum has excited a good deal of interest among students of fossil re mains in both hemispheres. Remains of' this gigantic creature had , been found in Greece and in Asia Minor, "but it was generally accepted that the creature was extinct. The discovery of the creature in the Semliki forests may be a further inspiration to those' enthusiasts who have long nursed the hope that somewhere the mammoth may yet be founds alive. From the fossil bones of the hella dotherium it had been classed with the giraffe, but these . remains . had given no hint of the peculiarity of shape and markings found in the okapi, as the living creature has been called by the Congo natives. When . Henry, M. Stanley passed through the Congo forests years ago he heard' stories of a strange, horse like creature sometimes found by the natives. From their descriptions he was in doubt whether to class it with the horse or the antelope.. Commis sioner Johnston had been interested in the creature, and when he was sent to the Congo Free State he went on the hunt for it. Dwarfs of the for ests were his first informants, and they were of the opinion that it was a kind of zebra. At Fort Mbeni the Belgian officers and garrison con firmed the story. Through Command- THE OKAPI OF AFRICA. (Strangest of Living: Beasts Recently Dls ., V. covered In Cpng-oland.) ; . ... ant Eriksson at the fort the English commissioner arranged,, to get the skin and skull from the native hunt ers, and these natives have just made their promises good. Measured by the skins now on the way to the British museum, the hella dotherium is as large in "body as a f ull-grown ox.- Proportionately, How ever, its neck is not larger than that of a horse, this fact being reconciled because of the animals withers rising only a few inches higher .than the hind quarters. The head is large in proportion to the body, its outline suggesting the head of the South American tapir. The nostrils are two long slits, completely covered with hair and resertibling the nostrils of a giraffe. The lips npparentiy taper to a point. There are no front teeth in the upper jaw, as the aniiral is a true ruminant, and the front teeth in the lower jaw are so smrll and feeble as to suggest that the creature, like the edraffe. 'must prv-s-ess a prehensile' tongue for feeding. If this is not the case, then the long and prehensile lips secure most of the. animal's food, which consists of leaves. The peculiar markings of the crea ture's skin -are its most attractive points. The cheeks are yellowish white and the muzzle is brown. The forehead is a vivid red, narrowing down into a thin black line continued along the ridge of the nose to the nostrils. The long, asslike ears are of a deep reddish brown, with black silky fringes. The neck, shoulders, stomach and back are a deep reddish brown, which, in parts has almost a crimson tinge. The hind quarters and hind legs, down to the hocks, and the front legs from below the elbow to the wrist joint are boldly striped in purplish black and white, the white having here and there faint touches of orange. The hind legs from the hock downward are of a creamy col or. The front legs are aiso cream color, but a bold black line runs down the front of the leg in an oblique manner. The fetlocks of all four feet are black and cream color. The tail is bright reddish brown, with a black tuft at the end. There are three horn cores similar to those of the giraffe. By long disuse these horn cores have degenerated into rounded bumps on the skull, two of them be ing situated a little above the eyes and one at the beginning of the nasal bones. As to the habits of the animals, they are found only in the densest forests, traveling and feeding in pairs. 1 ; SMci They are timid and not easily stalked,) the natives most often taking then in pitfalls. The flesh is excellent for food and the natives set great store by the skins, which are used for or namental purposes. "i QUEEN RAN A VAL0NA. Deposed Ruler of the Island of Mada Kaicar Soon to Be a Guest of the . " City of Paris. According, to a cable dispatoh. Queen Eanavalona, of Madagascar, who was exiled from her country by the French four years ago, and taken to Algeria, is to be granted her long expressed wish to visit Paris. Ean avalona has been happier in "Algeria; than she was in Madagascar, where she was a virtual prisoner in her pal ace. Since her exile she has been! living in a fine villa provided by the' French government, which also has( allowed iher $5,000 a year and a stafB of servants. At the island palace her principal amusement was flying QUEEN RANAVALONA. (Ex-Ruler of Madagascar Who Is About to Visit Parii.) kites from her palace window. The4 dusky queen has not lost her taste, for 'chewing tobacco, cigarettes and? jewelry, and continues to have her, gowns made by Worth,' the fashiona ble Paris tailor; Her jewelry is saidi to be worth $2,000,000. , . , . - Queen Ranavalona was ..taken front' Madagascar at two o'clock, one Feb-v ruary morning in 1897,? .after txi' hours notice to get ready. - She and5 her two uncles had be'en detected iraf a plot :;to overthrow the French, who? ilaTterbee- ia '2iacwicas-iM: iv.-a cen turies. The men were executed, whilar the queen" was deported to Bourbon; Island, and later tov Algeria. - , FRENCH HERO IN BRONZE.' Statue of Rochambeau, Friend of thai American Revolutionists, to Be Erected In Washlnsrton. . . The statue of Rochambeau whichi is soon to be erected in Washington! with funds provided by congress pre STATUE OF ROCHAMBEAU. CTo Be Erected at Washing-ton by Vot of the American Congress.) sents the ancient French svmDathizer with the American revolutionists in an erect attitude, with one arm point ing to distant America, to whose aid he" was about to go. ' The ficrure is dressed in the . full uniform of the high rank of a field marshal. The portrait is good and trie expression lively, The most striking and sig nificant feature of the memorial is the symbolic figure at the base, show tner a woman hurrying1 forward with the flag of France borne aloft in her right hand. Beneath her feet is the prow of a ship which France has sent over, the sea to the aid of tha revolutionists. Below are the arms of France and those of the United States linked together. Count de ' Rochambeau, the present holder of the title, has expressed his gratitude to the American congress through the French ambassador, M. Cambon. The monument will, it is believed, empha size tne friendly relations existing between the two countries. Drought Uaclc the Chancre. A Georgia exchange is responsible for this fish story: "A gentleman near Durango owns a bird dog which is es pecially good at fetching things out of the water. In order to show a friend what the dog could do he threw a 50-cent piece into the water and told the dog to fetch it. The dog dived and brought back a two-pound catfish and 35 cents in change."