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Jr " ftftft HARTFORD AND WATERBURY, CONN., SATURDAY, JUNE 22, 1901. PRICE, 3 CENTS. VOL. XIX. NO. 30. r 6 y i 6 PINE NEEDLE TRUST. A New Oregon Industry Which Promises to Pay Well. Originated by a German from the Forests of Thnrlng-la Leaves Pr; nlh Medicinal Oil Fiber for Pillows. The utilization of the pine needles "of the yellow Oregon pine, botanical- ' ly Pinus Ponderosa, is becoming an industry of considerable importance on the Pacific coast. Fifty years ago ' it was discovered that the extracts and products of the long, slender ' leaves of the pine possessed real effi cacy in complaints of a pulmonary character. It is claimed that insom nia yields to the influence of the pun gent odor, and asthmatics nave found , a real relief in partaking of the oil and in sleeping upon pillows stuffed with the elastic and , fragrant fiber .manufactured from the ulterior sub stance of the pine leaves. The il limitable forests of yellow pine abounding in the state of Oregon, with;; their accessibility, to through lines of transportation, suggested to 'a German from the forests of Thurin :gia the transfer of a lucrative busi ness to the . Pacific xjoast. 'In Ger ,many the leaves never exceed two , inches in length, while in Oregon they often exceed 30 inches, and av erage 20. '' In the former country the forest laws are extremely strict and often prohibitive, -obliging the maker of the product to use the dried leaves that have fallen to the ground and thus insuring an inferior and less ef . fective quality of goods. In the west ern state denuding the yellow pina of - its leaves has been encouraged the expert of the iforestry commis sion having pronounced the' process as beneficial. A tally kept of the' weight gathered from a certain num ber of trees indicated, according to the Scientific American, that the crop taken in April 4 weighed 650 pounds, while that of the same trees in, Oe- ": tober yielded 775 pounds. Two crpps are gathered yearly,, the later ne IN A PINE NEEDLE REFINERY. CTwo Thousand Pounds of Leaves Pro duce Ten Pounds of Oil.) being always the largest. The leaves1 of the young trees are preferred, yielding a better quality of oil, , it is said, though this fact i is CNbted. The leaves are stripped from he trees by. women" and men who are hired for the purpose, and who are ' paid 25 cents a hundred pounds for the needles. Five hundred pounds is regarded as an average day's work. SThe leaves are picked into sacks and . hurriedly sent to the factory. Ex posure to the sun causes the leaves to wilt and impairs the quality of the product. In picking, the thickest bunches of leaves are selected, and the scanty ones neglected. The vast quantity available, so far beyond any present demand, permits the picker i;o thus discriminate. The factory at . ' which ; the essences and extracts of .the needles are manufactured has a capacity for handling 2,000 pounds of leaves per day; but it is soon to be enlarged to about four times its pres ent size. In the extraction of pine oil 2,000 jounds of green leaves are required .to produce ten pounds of oil. The process is the ordinary one of dis ptillation. In the manufacture of fiber fthe leaves pass through a process of Steaming, washing, drying, etc., 12 in all, occupying four days. Two quali fies are produced, first and second. The first, from which no oil has. been . distilled, is worth upon the market about ten cents per pound. The fiber is elastic and the staple only little shorter , than the green leaf from Bvhich it was made, and with strength sufficient to enable it to be spun and woven into fabrics. Mixed with hair, the fiber makes an excellent mate rial for mattresses or pillows, and repose comes quickly when resting upon them. It is also used as a par- : tial filling for cigars, imparting a flavor not the least disagreeable, and calming to the. nerves. The oil ex tracted gives an agreeable flavor to candies. Toilet soaps ' are made, strongly impregnated with essential oil of pine needles. r The fiber itself, after curing, looks like a slender shaving of some dark wood, retaining its odor indefinitely. ' Insects abhor it on that account; It is said that the Oregon factory is the only one in the world outside of Germany. . EVELYN B. BALDWIN; North Pole Expedition Under His Command W ill Be Well Supplied with Every Convenience. A part of the equipment of the Bald-win-Zeigler north pole expedition will be 40 large gas balloons, which have been made in Quincy, 111., and have been shipped to the supply steamer of the expedition at Trumsoe, Norway. Each balloon has a capacity of 4,000 feet of gas and has a lifting power of 150 pounds, exclusive of the balloon itself and netting. One of the balloons is much larger than the others and will be used for making scientific observa tions. The other balloons will be used for signaling purposes and for sending ." ... EVELYN B. BALDWIN. (In Command of the Zfeigler Expedition to the North Pole.) messages. With the balloons he will take 400 small, buoys, in the interior of which the messages will be placed: These buoys are spherical in shape, about three inches in diameter, and are made of copper and cork. t Inhere is a small weight on one side, to act as a keel when dropped in the water, and a small metal flag on the other.' This flag or pennant rises about ten inches above the buoy, and its purpose is to attract attention. On the - pennant these letters are stamped: "Baldwjn Zeigler, 3901." When one of these bal loons is to be sent up ten of the buoys are attached to it by a long cord, one under the" other. By an Ingenious de vice each'buoy will automatically re lease itself the moment it comes in con tact with ice or water and will float away. The buoys weigh about ten pounds each, and the release of that much weight on the the descent of the balloon will cause it to rise in the air again and drift for another long dis tance. In this way the ten buoys, each with a message inside denoting the lat itude and longitude of the ship when sent up, will be distributed over a wide area. Evelyn Baldwin has sailed from New York for Tromsoe, Norway. The expedition ste.amer America is now at Dundee, Scotland, being fitted out, and is expected to reach Tromsoe by the time Mr. Baldwin gets there. The sup ply steamer Frithjof is now at Trom soe, and as soon as Mr. Baldwin arrives the two steamers will proceed to Franz Josef Land. The start for the pole will be made from there the latter part of July. The expedition will consist of 40 men, 15 Siberian ponies and 400 dogs. r WILLIAM H. NEWMAN. Ken President of the New York Cen tral Is a Thoroughly Trained, Clever Railroad Man. ' William H. Newman, who has just actively entered upon the duties of his new post as president of the New York Central & Hudson River rail road, is, as may easily be imagined, WILLIAM H. NEWMAN. (Newly-Elected President of the New York Central Railroad.) one of the cleverest and most thor oughly trained railroad men in Amer ica. He has worked his way up prac tically from, the bottom. It is more than 30 years ago since he began his career in his profession as local ticket agent on the Texas & Pacific. In three years he had been promoted to the post of general freight agent, and he was next made third vice presi dent. The Chicago & Northwestern offered him a similar post, which he at once accepted, and in 1896 the Great Northern road elected him its second vice president. Three years ago he was elected president of the Lake Shore, in which position he was serving when called to the presidency of the New York Central. His knowl edge takes in all departments of a railway. . ; - ' ' , ERA OF COMBINATION Community of Railroad Ownership in the United States. Two-Thirds of Entire Mileage la Di vided Into Nine Groups, All of Which Will Eventually Work in Perfect Harmony. A map of thd United States show ing the .owners of two-thirds of its railway mileage is given in the Com mon Carrier. This paper shows that owing to an understanding or agree ment, verbal or written, generally the latter, half a dozen financial leaders control two-thirds of the railway mileage, of the United States and thus maintain rates. The article, as abstracted in the Railway Digest, gives the names of seven - or eight men who thus control 108,404 ,miles of road, and the table of roads," grouped as controlled, is given below. Says the latter paper: - ; "The writer further remarks that community - of ownership will not mean low wages or high rates. Un der private , ownership men of ability will be "well paid J' It is the . govern-! ment that pays modest ' salaries f or responsibility. Railway owners be lieve with Andrew Carnegie: .'There is no price too dear to pay. f or . per-i' fection.' " ; ; I. VANDERBILT GROUP. . 'i ,N. T. C. & H. R.. D., Li. & W C. & N. W ..... 10,016 , 951 8,560 19,517 ' 6,807 873. 1,115 1,835 285 97 1,891 1,404 II. MORGAN GROUP. Southern Railway M. & Ohio Q. & Crescent ..... Cent, of Georgia . . 6a., So. & Fla Macon & Birmingham P. &tR Lehigh "Valley Erie Cent, of N. J. A..C. Line 677 1,812 19,073 5,000 3,029 1,137 1,498 918 7,72.3 833 197- III. HARRIMAN GROUP. 111. Cent.....:....... Union Pacific Ore. R. R. & N. Co, Oregon Short Line Chi. Ter. Trans .... So. Pac Kan. City So.., Chi. Ter. Trans ' 20,245 IV. PENNSYLVANIA CROUP. Pennsylvania, System , 10,031 WesU K. Y. & Pa.- , SPHERES OP INFLUENCE. (Community of Ownership Map of the United States.) Ches. & Ohio 1,476 Nor. & West 1,671 B. & O. system..... 3,156 Long Island 603 18,220 .. 5,326 . 1,599 .. 1,265 825 ,. 1,675 . 2,423 603 12,358 16,074 . 5,185 .. 5,188 ...... , V. GOULD GROUP. Missouri Pac.......... Texas & Pac... S. Z. S. W Int. & Gt. Nor Denver & Rio G , Mo., Kan. & Texas Rio G. West Wabash VI. Gt. Northern .. Nor. Pac HILL GROUP. VII, BELMONT GROUP. 10,373 Louis. & Nash 3 235 Nash., Chatta. & S. L... 1495 4,430 VIII. BELMONT-MORGAN. Georgia R. R West. & Alabama Atlanta & WestPt 307 128 87 . 522- IX. INDEPENDENT SYSTEMS. Seaboard Air Line Plant system ........ C, M. & S. P """ Rock Island.... C. B. & Q " 2,591 2,170 6,592 3,819 . 8,070 , 7,808 3,000 1,023 1,142 1,762 37,977 A., T. & S. F . S. L. &. S. F. (K. Chi. Gt. West Col..& So Pere Marquette . C." M." & B.) '.'.'.'.'.'. SUMMARY. Vanderbilt Harrlman Morgan Pennsylvania Gould Hill Belmont , Belmont-Morgan 19,517 20,245 19,073 18,220 16,074 10,373 4,430 522 108,454 Black Cat Brlnsr 111 Luck. The evil influence of a black cat has brought to ashes the fine country residence of George Walradt, near Co lumbus, Neb. The animal was a stray cat which the family had adopted for luck and had been fed and groomed until its coat shone like velvet. After the family had left the supper table the impatient animal sprang upon the table, and in reaching for a juicy morsel upset the , kerosene lamp. Hard work on the part of the family and the neighbors resulted in saving part of the household goods. The building was burned to the ground with a loss of $5,000. The black mis ic&Qi per has aot been seen since. SHIP WITH A HISTORY. Once the Visitant Warn a Pirate Ship and ' a Slaver, Now She la an Honest Mall Ship. Few persons even those who are in the postal service, know that United States mail is carried in theoldest sail ing vessel in the water to-day, and that the vessel has been a pirate ship and a slavery . Its ; name is the. Vigilant, and it-. carries-' the mails from St. Croix to St. Tholnas in the West Indies. In speed it compares favorably with many steamboats which carry the mails, and it can (jistance anything that is pro pelled bjr wind in any postal service. The ship is of '40 tons burden, and is rigged as a.f ore and after, the same rig MAILSHIP VIGILANT. (Once This Rakish Craft Was a West In i dian Pirate Vessel.) . - ' : t.i',i . .- .. - ' that was parried when the vessel was in. the slaye trade, and was cruising about tJie jWest .Indies as a pirate. With a Jair wind4h Vigilant makes the 40-inile trip in a little more than three hours, and it can stand any sort of weatherv P.'C Pentheny, of St. Croix, owns the Vessel and leases it for mail-carrying. He isprou4 tff the fact that no schoon er has ever, beaten his boat. He got it from his father, vflao, in turn, bought it from an eld native, whose father had used, it with an English master in the slave trade. ' " '. Th" slaves vere crrried in the hold vessel iSjloO years old, and has had its back broken twice. This ceremony oc curs every time a ship is condemned as a pirate or a slaver. The last sentence of the Vigilant was passed in 1823. The vessel was run ashore where its keel was split in two. It was repaired and put in service again, and is now as good as ever. . DR. IRA C. REMSEN.i New President of John HojUni Uni versity l a. Scholar of Interna tional Reputation. . Dr. Ira C. Kemsen, the new presi dent of Johns Hopkins university at Baltimore, has been a member of the faculty in that institution,' chiefly in the chair of chemistry, since its foun dation in 1876. When Dr. Gilman started out to build up a faculty Dr. Kemsen was the first man to whom he tendered a chair. For 25 years Jie has been the confidant and adviser of Dr. Gilman, and he is regarded by both students and faculty as a thor ough scholar and an able educator. AH the time during which his famous predecessor was abroad Dr. Kemsen DR. IRA C. REMSEN. Recently Elected President of Johns Hop kins University.) was the acting president of Johns Hopkins. At 56 he is in the prime of his intellectual power. He is a grad uate of the medical school of Colum bia college, a post graduate of Mu nich and Goettingen (Ph. D.) and an authority in chemistry whose fame is international. Dr. Kemsen has been several times tendered most tempting offers by the University of Chicago, but his love for Johns Hopkins has always prevented his acceptance. His election to the presidency is regarded as a fitting reward for his loyalty. Prayed from a Fall Heart. A Cincinnati minister recently sur prised his hearers by audibly praying for those f his congregation who were to proua to kneel and too lazy to Bttad. ... . . X u. s - V - - , - j HIS LIFE-WORK DONE Herbert Spencer, Greatest Philoso pher of Our Generation. Has Been Poorly Paid for His Unri valed Contribution to the World's Beat Thought His Deep Love of Trnth. Herbert Spencer, whose name will live in the world of thought as that of one of the nineteenth century's greatest thinkers, has recently passed his eighty-first birthday. After a life time of self-sacrifice and privations, the great philosopher finds himself at the threshold of the grave : almost as poor in worldly . possessions ;, as when he started the career that has brought him . so much fame, but . so little pecuniary recognition. There is something almost pathetic in the life work of a man like Herbert Spencer. The son of a schoolmaster, Mr. Spen cer was educated very largely at home by his father, though he also went to a school at' Bath, England, the headmaster of which was his uncle. From 1837 to 1846 he plied the profession of a civil engineer, and for five years later acted as subeditor of the . London Economist before he turned to the work with which his name will always be identified. ' It is as a popular philosopher that Herbert Spencer seems to hold his reputation, and yet one must read the account of his self-sacrifice and privation before one can realize the tremendous battle which the best known philosopher of this century found any readers at all. "Social Statics," certainly a rather unhandy book, took 14 years to sell, although the edition ran only to 750 copies. The "Principles of Psychology," with n first edition of 750 copies, did not ZX-;''jJllP HERBERT SPENCER. (Famous English Philosopher Who Is Now 1 Years of Age.) - sell out for 12 years, and at the end of 15 years the author lost no less than $6,000 through his publications. 'X'he strongest man, , however, is the man who can wait, and Herbert Spen cer waited.. The scientific method of studying human life began to find willing pupils, not only among scien tists, but also among young students of philosophy at the universities and workingmen, who gave up their even ings to the study of technical or so cial sciences. Few books of philos ophy have . enjoyed so wide a popu larity or sale as the "Data of Ethics," where flowing and persuasive , argu ment delight and enchant the reader. Spencer's life, says the Detroit Free Press, has been in . some measure a contradiction of the theory of hered ity. Born and bred in an atmosphere of Methodism and democratic poli tics, he has been the arch-apostle of individualism, and is going down to ithe grave an agnostic. But the spirit of the pure home life of his early days has remained with him. His sense of justice, his love of .'truth, are as keen as his desire to know. : His great life work, "A System of Synthetic Philosophy," is perhaps the greatest scientific literary undertak ing ever accomplished by a single man. Its ten volumes have occupied Mr. Spencer's life for practically 40 years. v . HI health joined hands with poverty in fighting against the progress of the tremendous work- Mr. Spencer had taken upon himself, and break down followed breakdown. But at last he was able to write "Finis" to volume ten, and to record his "satis faction in the consciousness that losses, discouragements and shattered health have not prevented me. from fulfilling the purpose of my life." Killed by an Kara Lunch. Four hard-boiled "eggs caused the death of William G. Dowling, of St. Louis. He ate them at a railroad lunch counter in Delta, Mo., and they, caused a fatal attack of indi gestion. Liey Wanted to Dance. "Legsey" is a one-legged, beggar, whose beat is on the Bowery, New York. Lately, while overloaded with alcoholic stimulants, he forced his way into the Bellevue hospital. The night superintendent, Mr. Rickert, is also minus a leg. The beggar became chummy at once with him, and tried to persuade him to engage in a lively waltz. The superintendent waltzed him off to the alcoholic ward. In his pockets were $278 in money. OUR SAMOAN ISLANDS. Commander Tiller Reports Thi Tntnlla and the Nanna Gronp Have 6,000 People. ' In accordance with instructions front the navy department, Commander Ben jamin F. Tilly, the naval commandant! at the United States naval station aft Tutuila, Samoa, has forwarded to Washington a report upon the popula tion of those islands of the Samoaa " group under the jurisdiction of tha United States. From the most reliable authority in the islands he has ascer tained that the population of Tutuila to tals 4,000, and of the Nanua group 2,000, including adults and children. In COMMANDER TILLET. (Naval Governor of Our Possessions In th " , Samoan Group.) r addition to the native population ther are on the islands approximately 109' whites. . ' ,-. . ' .i - - " 1 since nis jasi report 10 xne uepart-; ment Commander Tilley has visited thai islands of the Nanua group aboard his station ship, the Abarenda, and has found everything in ; a most satisf ac- . tory condition. The "natives of these: islands, he says1, exhibit a much more kindly feeling than ever before. They, have voted' a tax for the payment of their officials and for other expenses oZ the government. i J. ' Worker' Association Jm Preacher ?- ' -as Well a 'Roller... u I .; ' , ... ;- .. . f - - . : Theodore J. Shaffer, who. has just been reelected president , of the Amal gamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers, is one of the most ear nest and at the same "time most cul tured and broad-minded labor, leaders in the world. He is "modern? inevery; respect. A college graduate, a doo-' tor of divinity, one of thejnio-st.efc quent pulpit orators in the east, and one of the most expert iron and steel rollers in the whole Pittsburgh region it is not surprising that Mr. Shaffer is THEODORE J. SHAFFER. ? (President Amalgamated Association o Iron, Stpel and Tn Workers.) ; distinguished among his fellow work men. Some years ago he left the Mo nongahela mills to -study theology, succeeded- in the effort, and became pastor of the First Methodist Episeo-' pal church at Brownville. : He gave up the pulpit, however, and returned to his work as roller because of that occupa tion's congeniality. At the same time Mr. Shaffer was a notable success in the ministsy. He is a native of Pitts burgh, is 45 years old, and was first elected president of the Amalgamated association at the Cincinnati conven tion. Have Reason to Feel Sore. Kansas lawyers are grieved and in dignant because some of the cattle men are inclined, to settle their dis putes without resorting to the courts The disputants choose three men as an arbitration committee, and the committee decides each case. Not long ago a case involving $60,000 was thus settled in Eureka, and not a dollar went to the lawyers. No wonder they tear their hair as they finger their empty pockets. j Swimmers in- German Army. ' To be acceptable as a soldier in ther German army a man must be able to swim. The best swimmers are able to cross a stream of several hundred1 yards width even when carrying thekr clothing, rifle and ammunition. 1 . . . "