fSv If If -
HARTFORD AND WATERBURY, CONN., SATURDAY, JUNE 22, 1901.
PRICE, 3 CENTS.
VOL. XIX. NO. 30.
PINE NEEDLE TRUST.
A New Oregon Industry Which
Promises to Pay Well.
Originated by a German from the
Forests of Thnrlng-la Leaves Pr;
nlh Medicinal Oil
Fiber for Pillows.
The utilization of the pine needles
"of the yellow Oregon pine, botanical-
' ly Pinus Ponderosa, is becoming an
industry of considerable importance
on the Pacific coast. Fifty years ago
' it was discovered that the extracts
and products of the long, slender
' leaves of the pine possessed real effi
cacy in complaints of a pulmonary
character. It is claimed that insom
nia yields to the influence of the pun
gent odor, and asthmatics nave found
, a real relief in partaking of the oil
and in sleeping upon pillows stuffed
with the elastic and , fragrant fiber
.manufactured from the ulterior sub
stance of the pine leaves. The il
limitable forests of yellow pine
abounding in the state of Oregon,
with;; their accessibility, to through
lines of transportation, suggested to
'a German from the forests of Thurin
:gia the transfer of a lucrative busi
ness to the . Pacific xjoast. 'In Ger
,many the leaves never exceed two
, inches in length, while in Oregon
they often exceed 30 inches, and av
erage 20. '' In the former country the
forest laws are extremely strict and
often prohibitive, -obliging the maker
of the product to use the dried leaves
that have fallen to the ground and
thus insuring an inferior and less ef .
fective quality of goods. In the west
ern state denuding the yellow pina
of - its leaves has been encouraged
the expert of the iforestry commis
sion having pronounced the' process
as beneficial. A tally kept of the'
weight gathered from a certain num
ber of trees indicated, according to
the Scientific American, that the crop
taken in April 4 weighed 650 pounds,
while that of the same trees in, Oe-
": tober yielded 775 pounds. Two crpps
are gathered yearly,, the later ne
IN A PINE NEEDLE REFINERY.
CTwo Thousand Pounds of Leaves Pro
duce Ten Pounds of Oil.)
being always the largest. The leaves1
of the young trees are preferred,
yielding a better quality of oil, , it is
said, though this fact i is CNbted.
The leaves are stripped from he
trees by. women" and men who are
hired for the purpose, and who are
' paid 25 cents a hundred pounds for
the needles. Five hundred pounds is
regarded as an average day's work.
SThe leaves are picked into sacks and
. hurriedly sent to the factory. Ex
posure to the sun causes the leaves
to wilt and impairs the quality of
the product. In picking, the thickest
bunches of leaves are selected, and
the scanty ones neglected. The vast
quantity available, so far beyond any
present demand, permits the picker
i;o thus discriminate. The factory at
. ' which ; the essences and extracts of
.the needles are manufactured has a
capacity for handling 2,000 pounds of
leaves per day; but it is soon to be
enlarged to about four times its pres
In the extraction of pine oil 2,000
jounds of green leaves are required
.to produce ten pounds of oil. The
process is the ordinary one of dis
ptillation. In the manufacture of fiber
fthe leaves pass through a process of
Steaming, washing, drying, etc., 12 in
all, occupying four days. Two quali
fies are produced, first and second.
The first, from which no oil has. been
. distilled, is worth upon the market
about ten cents per pound. The fiber
is elastic and the staple only little
shorter , than the green leaf from
Bvhich it was made, and with strength
sufficient to enable it to be spun and
woven into fabrics. Mixed with hair,
the fiber makes an excellent mate
rial for mattresses or pillows, and
repose comes quickly when resting
upon them. It is also used as a par-
: tial filling for cigars, imparting a
flavor not the least disagreeable, and
calming to the. nerves. The oil ex
tracted gives an agreeable flavor to
candies. Toilet soaps ' are made,
strongly impregnated with essential
oil of pine needles.
r The fiber itself, after curing, looks
like a slender shaving of some dark
wood, retaining its odor indefinitely.
' Insects abhor it on that account; It
is said that the Oregon factory is
the only one in the world outside of
EVELYN B. BALDWIN;
North Pole Expedition Under His
Command W ill Be Well Supplied
with Every Convenience.
A part of the equipment of the Bald-win-Zeigler
north pole expedition will
be 40 large gas balloons, which have
been made in Quincy, 111., and have
been shipped to the supply steamer of
the expedition at Trumsoe, Norway.
Each balloon has a capacity of 4,000
feet of gas and has a lifting power of
150 pounds, exclusive of the balloon
itself and netting. One of the balloons
is much larger than the others and will
be used for making scientific observa
tions. The other balloons will be used
for signaling purposes and for sending
." ... EVELYN B. BALDWIN.
(In Command of the Zfeigler Expedition to
the North Pole.)
messages. With the balloons he will
take 400 small, buoys, in the interior of
which the messages will be placed:
These buoys are spherical in shape,
about three inches in diameter, and
are made of copper and cork. t Inhere is
a small weight on one side, to act as a
keel when dropped in the water, and
a small metal flag on the other.' This
flag or pennant rises about ten inches
above the buoy, and its purpose is to
attract attention. On the - pennant
these letters are stamped: "Baldwjn
Zeigler, 3901." When one of these bal
loons is to be sent up ten of the buoys
are attached to it by a long cord, one
under the" other. By an Ingenious de
vice each'buoy will automatically re
lease itself the moment it comes in con
tact with ice or water and will float
away. The buoys weigh about ten
pounds each, and the release of that
much weight on the the descent of the
balloon will cause it to rise in the air
again and drift for another long dis
tance. In this way the ten buoys, each
with a message inside denoting the lat
itude and longitude of the ship when
sent up, will be distributed over a wide
area. Evelyn Baldwin has sailed from
New York for Tromsoe, Norway. The
expedition ste.amer America is now at
Dundee, Scotland, being fitted out, and
is expected to reach Tromsoe by the
time Mr. Baldwin gets there. The sup
ply steamer Frithjof is now at Trom
soe, and as soon as Mr. Baldwin arrives
the two steamers will proceed to Franz
Josef Land. The start for the pole will
be made from there the latter part of
July. The expedition will consist of
40 men, 15 Siberian ponies and 400 dogs.
r WILLIAM H. NEWMAN.
Ken President of the New York Cen
tral Is a Thoroughly Trained,
Clever Railroad Man. '
William H. Newman, who has just
actively entered upon the duties of
his new post as president of the New
York Central & Hudson River rail
road, is, as may easily be imagined,
WILLIAM H. NEWMAN.
(Newly-Elected President of the New
York Central Railroad.)
one of the cleverest and most thor
oughly trained railroad men in Amer
ica. He has worked his way up prac
tically from, the bottom. It is more
than 30 years ago since he began his
career in his profession as local ticket
agent on the Texas & Pacific. In
three years he had been promoted to
the post of general freight agent, and
he was next made third vice presi
dent. The Chicago & Northwestern
offered him a similar post, which he
at once accepted, and in 1896 the
Great Northern road elected him its
second vice president. Three years
ago he was elected president of the
Lake Shore, in which position he was
serving when called to the presidency
of the New York Central. His knowl
edge takes in all departments of a
railway. . ; -
' ' ,
ERA OF COMBINATION
Community of Railroad Ownership
in the United States.
Two-Thirds of Entire Mileage la Di
vided Into Nine Groups, All of
Which Will Eventually Work
in Perfect Harmony.
A map of thd United States show
ing the .owners of two-thirds of its
railway mileage is given in the Com
mon Carrier. This paper shows that
owing to an understanding or agree
ment, verbal or written, generally the
latter, half a dozen financial leaders
control two-thirds of the railway
mileage, of the United States and
thus maintain rates. The article, as
abstracted in the Railway Digest,
gives the names of seven - or eight
men who thus control 108,404 ,miles of
road, and the table of roads," grouped
as controlled, is given below. Says
the latter paper: - ;
"The writer further remarks that
community - of ownership will not
mean low wages or high rates. Un
der private , ownership men of ability
will be "well paid J' It is the . govern-!
ment that pays modest ' salaries f or
responsibility. Railway owners be
lieve with Andrew Carnegie: .'There
is no price too dear to pay. f or . per-i'
fection.' " ; ;
I. VANDERBILT GROUP. . 'i
,N. T. C. & H. R..
D., Li. & W
C. & N. W
II. MORGAN GROUP.
M. & Ohio
Q. & Crescent .....
Cent, of Georgia . .
6a., So. & Fla
Macon & Birmingham
Cent, of N. J.
III. HARRIMAN GROUP.
Ore. R. R. & N. Co,
Oregon Short Line
Chi. Ter. Trans ....
Kan. City So..,
Chi. Ter. Trans
IV. PENNSYLVANIA CROUP.
Pennsylvania, System , 10,031
WesU K. Y. & Pa.- ,
SPHERES OP INFLUENCE.
(Community of Ownership Map of the
Ches. & Ohio 1,476
Nor. & West 1,671
B. & O. system..... 3,156
Long Island 603
...... , V. GOULD GROUP.
Texas & Pac...
S. Z. S. W
Int. & Gt. Nor
Denver & Rio G ,
Mo., Kan. & Texas
Rio G. West
Gt. Northern ..
VII, BELMONT GROUP. 10,373
Louis. & Nash 3 235
Nash., Chatta. & S. L... 1495
Georgia R. R
West. & Alabama
Atlanta & WestPt
IX. INDEPENDENT SYSTEMS.
Seaboard Air Line
Plant system ........
C, M. & S. P """
C. B. & Q "
A., T. & S. F .
S. L. &. S. F. (K.
Chi. Gt. West
Pere Marquette .
C." M." & B.) '.'.'.'.'.'.
Black Cat Brlnsr 111 Luck.
The evil influence of a black cat
has brought to ashes the fine country
residence of George Walradt, near Co
lumbus, Neb. The animal was a stray
cat which the family had adopted for
luck and had been fed and groomed
until its coat shone like velvet. After
the family had left the supper table
the impatient animal sprang upon the
table, and in reaching for a juicy
morsel upset the , kerosene lamp.
Hard work on the part of the family
and the neighbors resulted in saving
part of the household goods. The
building was burned to the ground
with a loss of $5,000. The black mis
ic&Qi per has aot been seen since.
SHIP WITH A HISTORY.
Once the Visitant Warn a Pirate Ship
and ' a Slaver, Now She la an
Honest Mall Ship.
Few persons even those who are in
the postal service, know that United
States mail is carried in theoldest sail
ing vessel in the water to-day, and that
the vessel has been a pirate ship and a
slavery . Its ; name is the. Vigilant, and
it-. carries-' the mails from St. Croix to
St. Tholnas in the West Indies. In
speed it compares favorably with many
steamboats which carry the mails, and
it can (jistance anything that is pro
pelled bjr wind in any postal service.
The ship is of '40 tons burden, and is
rigged as a.f ore and after, the same rig
(Once This Rakish Craft Was a West In
i dian Pirate Vessel.) .
- ' : t.i',i . .- .. - '
that was parried when the vessel was
in. the slaye trade, and was cruising
about tJie jWest .Indies as a pirate.
With a Jair wind4h Vigilant makes
the 40-inile trip in a little more than
three hours, and it can stand any sort
P.'C Pentheny, of St. Croix, owns the
Vessel and leases it for mail-carrying.
He isprou4 tff the fact that no schoon
er has ever, beaten his boat. He got it
from his father, vflao, in turn, bought
it from an eld native, whose father had
used, it with an English master in the
slave trade. ' " '.
Th" slaves vere crrried in the hold
vessel iSjloO years old, and has had its
back broken twice. This ceremony oc
curs every time a ship is condemned as
a pirate or a slaver. The last sentence
of the Vigilant was passed in 1823. The
vessel was run ashore where its keel
was split in two. It was repaired and
put in service again, and is now as good
as ever. .
DR. IRA C. REMSEN.i
New President of John HojUni Uni
versity l a. Scholar of Interna
. Dr. Ira C. Kemsen, the new presi
dent of Johns Hopkins university at
Baltimore, has been a member of the
faculty in that institution,' chiefly in
the chair of chemistry, since its foun
dation in 1876. When Dr. Gilman
started out to build up a faculty Dr.
Kemsen was the first man to whom
he tendered a chair. For 25 years Jie
has been the confidant and adviser of
Dr. Gilman, and he is regarded by
both students and faculty as a thor
ough scholar and an able educator.
AH the time during which his famous
predecessor was abroad Dr. Kemsen
DR. IRA C. REMSEN.
Recently Elected President of Johns Hop
was the acting president of Johns
Hopkins. At 56 he is in the prime of
his intellectual power. He is a grad
uate of the medical school of Colum
bia college, a post graduate of Mu
nich and Goettingen (Ph. D.) and an
authority in chemistry whose fame
is international. Dr. Kemsen has been
several times tendered most tempting
offers by the University of Chicago,
but his love for Johns Hopkins has
always prevented his acceptance. His
election to the presidency is regarded
as a fitting reward for his loyalty.
Prayed from a Fall Heart.
A Cincinnati minister recently sur
prised his hearers by audibly praying
for those f his congregation who
were to proua to kneel and too lazy
to Bttad. ... . .
X u. s
- V - - , - j
HIS LIFE-WORK DONE
Herbert Spencer, Greatest Philoso
pher of Our Generation.
Has Been Poorly Paid for His Unri
valed Contribution to the World's
Beat Thought His Deep
Love of Trnth.
Herbert Spencer, whose name will
live in the world of thought as that
of one of the nineteenth century's
greatest thinkers, has recently passed
his eighty-first birthday. After a life
time of self-sacrifice and privations,
the great philosopher finds himself
at the threshold of the grave : almost
as poor in worldly . possessions ;, as
when he started the career that has
brought him . so much fame, but . so
little pecuniary recognition. There is
something almost pathetic in the life
work of a man like Herbert Spencer.
The son of a schoolmaster, Mr. Spen
cer was educated very largely at
home by his father, though he also
went to a school at' Bath, England,
the headmaster of which was his
uncle. From 1837 to 1846 he plied the
profession of a civil engineer, and for
five years later acted as subeditor of
the . London Economist before he
turned to the work with which his
name will always be identified. '
It is as a popular philosopher that
Herbert Spencer seems to hold his
reputation, and yet one must read
the account of his self-sacrifice and
privation before one can realize the
tremendous battle which the best
known philosopher of this century
found any readers at all. "Social
Statics," certainly a rather unhandy
book, took 14 years to sell, although
the edition ran only to 750 copies.
The "Principles of Psychology," with
n first edition of 750 copies, did not
(Famous English Philosopher Who Is Now
1 Years of Age.) -
sell out for 12 years, and at the end
of 15 years the author lost no less
than $6,000 through his publications.
'X'he strongest man, , however, is the
man who can wait, and Herbert Spen
cer waited.. The scientific method of
studying human life began to find
willing pupils, not only among scien
tists, but also among young students
of philosophy at the universities and
workingmen, who gave up their even
ings to the study of technical or so
cial sciences. Few books of philos
ophy have . enjoyed so wide a popu
larity or sale as the "Data of Ethics,"
where flowing and persuasive , argu
ment delight and enchant the reader.
Spencer's life, says the Detroit Free
Press, has been in . some measure a
contradiction of the theory of hered
ity. Born and bred in an atmosphere
of Methodism and democratic poli
tics, he has been the arch-apostle of
individualism, and is going down to
ithe grave an agnostic. But the spirit
of the pure home life of his early
days has remained with him. His
sense of justice, his love of .'truth,
are as keen as his desire to know.
: His great life work, "A System of
Synthetic Philosophy," is perhaps the
greatest scientific literary undertak
ing ever accomplished by a single
man. Its ten volumes have occupied
Mr. Spencer's life for practically 40
. HI health joined hands with poverty
in fighting against the progress of
the tremendous work- Mr. Spencer
had taken upon himself, and break
down followed breakdown. But at
last he was able to write "Finis" to
volume ten, and to record his "satis
faction in the consciousness that
losses, discouragements and shattered
health have not prevented me. from
fulfilling the purpose of my life."
Killed by an Kara Lunch.
Four hard-boiled "eggs caused the
death of William G. Dowling, of St.
Louis. He ate them at a railroad
lunch counter in Delta, Mo., and
they, caused a fatal attack of indi
gestion. Liey Wanted to Dance.
"Legsey" is a one-legged, beggar,
whose beat is on the Bowery, New
York. Lately, while overloaded with
alcoholic stimulants, he forced his
way into the Bellevue hospital. The
night superintendent, Mr. Rickert, is
also minus a leg. The beggar became
chummy at once with him, and tried
to persuade him to engage in a lively
waltz. The superintendent waltzed
him off to the alcoholic ward. In his
pockets were $278 in money.
OUR SAMOAN ISLANDS.
Commander Tiller Reports Thi
Tntnlla and the Nanna Gronp
Have 6,000 People. '
In accordance with instructions front
the navy department, Commander Ben
jamin F. Tilly, the naval commandant!
at the United States naval station aft
Tutuila, Samoa, has forwarded to
Washington a report upon the popula
tion of those islands of the Samoaa "
group under the jurisdiction of tha
United States. From the most reliable
authority in the islands he has ascer
tained that the population of Tutuila to
tals 4,000, and of the Nanua group
2,000, including adults and children. In
(Naval Governor of Our Possessions In th
" , Samoan Group.)
addition to the native population ther
are on the islands approximately 109'
whites. . ' ,-. . ' .i - - " 1
since nis jasi report 10 xne uepart-;
ment Commander Tilley has visited thai
islands of the Nanua group aboard his
station ship, the Abarenda, and has
found everything in ; a most satisf ac- .
tory condition. The "natives of these:
islands, he says1, exhibit a much more
kindly feeling than ever before. They,
have voted' a tax for the payment of
their officials and for other expenses oZ
' Worker' Association Jm Preacher
?- ' -as Well a 'Roller... u
I .; ' , ... ;- .. . f - - .
: Theodore J. Shaffer, who. has just
been reelected president , of the Amal
gamated Association of Iron, Steel and
Tin Workers, is one of the most ear
nest and at the same "time most cul
tured and broad-minded labor, leaders
in the world. He is "modern? inevery;
respect. A college graduate, a doo-'
tor of divinity, one of thejnio-st.efc
quent pulpit orators in the east, and
one of the most expert iron and steel
rollers in the whole Pittsburgh region
it is not surprising that Mr. Shaffer is
THEODORE J. SHAFFER. ?
(President Amalgamated Association o
Iron, Stpel and Tn Workers.) ;
distinguished among his fellow work
men. Some years ago he left the Mo
nongahela mills to -study theology,
succeeded- in the effort, and became
pastor of the First Methodist Episeo-'
pal church at Brownville. : He gave up
the pulpit, however, and returned to his
work as roller because of that occupa
tion's congeniality. At the same time
Mr. Shaffer was a notable success in
the ministsy. He is a native of Pitts
burgh, is 45 years old, and was first
elected president of the Amalgamated
association at the Cincinnati conven
tion. Have Reason to Feel Sore.
Kansas lawyers are grieved and in
dignant because some of the cattle
men are inclined, to settle their dis
putes without resorting to the courts
The disputants choose three men as
an arbitration committee, and the
committee decides each case. Not long
ago a case involving $60,000 was thus
settled in Eureka, and not a dollar
went to the lawyers. No wonder they
tear their hair as they finger their
empty pockets. j
Swimmers in- German Army. '
To be acceptable as a soldier in ther
German army a man must be able to
swim. The best swimmers are able
to cross a stream of several hundred1
yards width even when carrying thekr
clothing, rifle and ammunition. 1
. . . "
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