Newspaper Page Text
JM Wily Examiner.
A.H DTOEPEKBEirr J0TO1TAL, i cfevoied to the discu.-sion of questions re latin g to the Social and Industrial Advance ment of the people, and designed to speak the truth regardless of creed, race or polit ical party. TERMS IN ADVANCE. One Year, $1.00. Six Months, 50 cents. Thrse Jonths, 25 cents. Single Copies. 3 cents. Entered at the Hartford Post-Office as Second-Class Matter. OFFICE: 4,5 Brown St. ROBERT PYNE, Managing Editor. Subscribers not receiving the paper when iue should notify us immediately by postal To Non-Subscribers. Ve send out a large number of Sample Copies of this paper every week, and per sons receiving the same, if in sympathy with our principles and efforts, are asked to manifest their interest and good, will by affording us their moral and material support- if -i SATURDAY JUNE 22, 1901. This is what Republicanism stands for in the most Republican state in the Union, as chronicled by a Re publican paper in another state that has seemingly become irrevocably Republican also: "Governor Stone of Pennsylvania signed the rapid transit bills at night, with the gang around nim:' Mayor. Ashbridge of Philadelphia signed the franchise or dinances (giving away millions to members and friends of the gang) at night." And yet this is the party that even now is sometimes referred to as "the party of Abraham Lin coln." So if, was j but when it was the party of Lincoln the only re semblance between it then and now is in the name. Ex-President Cleveland is an nounced' as declaring that he is not to be considered a party leader any longer, but a mere private in the ranks a pood Democrat that can't be driven from the party; yet with a free tongue in his head and with every indention of using it. To those acquainted with the true status of Grover Cleveland as a -democrat, and can therefore read between the lines, i , this , announcement of his is most significant. It proclaims him to be -r-stSU jn the servico-of plutocracy. He isn't a leader simply because he's "an outcast, and he's a self-proclaimed Viarcyr.nn in nrApr tr V.ivf an pthisp for criticising those Democratic lead ers who wish to see the party become ' xeally, democratic and remain so. The Springfield Republican speaks of the development of three Repub lican governors of an unusual type in the East of late. Reference is made to Crane of "Massachusetts, Odell of New York and McLean of t-i i. .u: independence and leadership in crit ical times and in dealing with their respective legislatures is immensely refreshing. They are an honor to the Republican party.' Surely there is nothing succeeds like success. We know nothing of what the constitu ency of Messrs. Crane and Odell thought of these men as politicians, patriots or statesmen, before their election, but we do know that Mr. McLean wasn't then considered an "honor to the Republican party" by many voters who were themselves of :that party and wished for it an hon orable record; but on the other hand was considered a man totally un fitted for the place and honor to which he aspired in fact was open ly denounced as a "tool of the ma chine" and a professional lobbyist, whose nomination was most" likely to bring signal defeat to the party. However, perhaps it shouldn't be 'Considered as saying very much "tnese days tor anyone being an hon--or to the Republican party. Some of those who in days gone by were worthy of that distinction are ashamed of the party now. . ANOTHER THIRD PARTY IN THE WORKS. Dispatches from Kansas City, Mo., Wednesday, told of the holding of a ''political conference there for the -purpose of building up another third party. The resolutions adopted call ;for the ultimate public ownership of -railroads and telegraphs, direct legis lation by the initiative and referen dum, a graduated income tax, full legal tender money, issued by gov ernment, home rule for cities, and "abolition of the system of using the police force as a standing army to carry primary elections in the inter est of dishonest politicians repre senting still more dishonest special privilege corporations." Election of United senators by popular vote is also called for. Surely old veteran reformers can see no utility in this gathering at Kansas City. We have more than enough of "third" parties already. Besides, there is nothing new in this one. About every principle it asks for was covered by .the People's party. t Yet the great body of the people at large paid comparatively little heed to that. Nor will they to any third party, no matter its name or the piinciples it stands for. What is wanted is a union of all the little parties and other organizations now found opposed to the present industrial and political order as ex emplified by ,the administration in power. This can be the only practi cal solution of the problem. And we know of only one way in which this union can be effected. That is by all concentrating their strength on the question of Direct Legislation. That once secured all else must of necessity follow. And the only hope of a union on this is that in its advocacy alone the re former of every school is permitted to hold to his cherished principles, to go forth and proclaim them to the world if he will, while at the same time he is acting in unison with the reformers of other schools against the common opponent of all, and then if successful is ushering in a mode of procedure by which the people shall be called on to act only on one thing at a time away from the necessity of voting for things they don't want in order to get things they do. ' A SAMPLE OF THE KIND THEY ARE. The . fallowing clipping i from 4 a Hartford. paper gives one a faint idea of the ; character of the politicians whom the Connecticut people select or rather endorse, for they don't select anyone as their law-givers : A resolution passed by the senate authorized the payment of individual items for "stationery" of $684, to a hardware firm, in addition to some $3,000. to- a stationer. In 'the nast few years all the hardware, furniture, albums and the like have come under the head of stationery and have come in on a stationer's bill. The bill now rendered to the cornptrpller and paid is for " knives only. The knives va ried slightly in price (perhaps ac cording to the weather) from $2.50 to $3, by the large quantity. They were nice knives, even the cheapest of 'em. The items show the pur chases as follows: Date. February 11, February 14, March 1, March 18, March 27, April 2, May 17, May 21, June 6, ' Total, Knives. 36 , 12 24 9 54 24 12 36 48 255 , Cost. $108 00 36 00 72 00 27 00 141 00 60 00 30 00 90 00 120 00 ,$684,00 Number of senators, 24 Average of knives to each, 10.62 Average expense for each, - $28.50 And these, let it be remembered, are of the class of men elected to the " upper house " " honorable sena tors " who have graduated from the house of the commonality where. are found only the direct representatives of the plebeian, the mudsill, the "rag tag and bobtail," as our Senator Haw ley would phrase it. And if this exemplifies the sacred regard of the "honorable gentlemen" of the "up per house" for the poor taxpayer's pocket-book, how must it be with the fellows of the "lower house" ? Surely the "hardware" and "stationery" bills of this aggregation must be some thing terrible to contemplate. However, these honorable political burglars will- not be in the least dis mayed over the letting out of this little cutlery episode. They know the people too weli for that. They realize that the fetich of party has them so under control as to be inca pable of resenting any imposition heaped upon them. And they know, too, that no . rebuke is coming from the party press, no matter what lib-1 erties they may take with the peo ple's substance. Yet these are the men and this is the press that never hesitate to per vert the truth when really honest men strive to awake the people to a sense of their condition and the rascalities practiced upon them, who cry out against "dishonest money" and ' the dishonest demagogue who'would take from the industrious and thrifty-f Fierpont Morgan,Carnegie and Rgkj efeler, for instance-to give tri the thriftless, the shiftless and the good- for-nothing in general that is, the poor fellow who may have worked hard every day of his . life yet is still without an accumulated ' dollar to show for it. "THREE OF A KIND." Some one has said : "l am always suspicious of suspicious people." And so may we believe that those who are incapable of real disinterest edness themselves are incapable of conceiving it in others. This is why we are treated to such Articles as this : ; : " Pingree was not content to be humdrum; he did -not pass through life silently. He stirred things up in his city and his state. His bump of veneration was smaller than his bump of self-esteem smaller, too than his bump of combativeness. Some of his ideas were less practical than others He had a real compassion for the poor. He also craved and enjoyed notoriety. Sam Jones of Toledo.re- sembles him in an understudy sort of way. Tom Johnson of Cleveland is a more complex and problematic char acter." .There is one sentence in this com position-that recalls Tom Leary's commendation of the personal ap pearance of his bigger as well as his "better half." Tom was a member of Co. K, 20th Connecticut Volun teers, and hailed from Waterbury He had just received a letter from home together with a picture" of Madam Leary. He was showing it around to the group on picket post. " Fine looking woman, Tom," re marked Private Barrett, as he handed it back, wishing to seem appreciative and avoid further comment. "Yes, she is," replied Tom ; "she . was as fine a lookin' woman as could be seen goin' into the church in. Water- '"" ' '''' '-m 3 ' . m Dury, Due sne haa one toothiout in the front of her mouth that played the divil wid her." So there is one sentence - in this article f ronv our plutocratic paper that "plays the divil" with its con sistency." If it is granted that .Hazen S. Pingree had "real compassion for the poor," why must it be insinuated. ibch ifiatfttnet thiisgsr-he .o'ldatas the alleviation of the condition of the poor and the betterment of humanity in general are attributed to a craving for notoriety! One was a natural se quence of the other. Gov. Pingree did good things because he couldn't help doing them. He was a born re former and philanthropist. This, of course, cannot be understood by the born misanthropist. He is AcSapable of judging others only as he knows himself. So . with the mere politi cian, he who is a partisan not because of principle but because of what "his partisanship may bring to him of place, pelf, or so called "honor." And as for "Sam Jones of Toledo," there is nothing of the character- of understudy" to any one m that makeup. He is a character all' t" himself, and with no points of re semblance whatever to that of the lamented ex-governor. And again, as to the complexity and problematicality of the character of Tom Johnson of Cleveland," our commentator is again "way off" there isn't a more single-purposed or open-minded man m all America. Yet, all three may be said to have been alike in one thing aspiration, their desire for the material advance ment of the human family, and es pecially that part of - it farthest lag ging behind. A Kentucky Decision. Judge Nunn of the Hopkins county circuit court (Louisville, Ky.) has tem porarily enjoined the collection of strike assessments, forbids the ' union men from asking others to strike, for bids the collection of union dues and forbids the distribution of food to the strikers in Hopkins county. The mat ter will come up for final argument at the present term of court. ; For several years efforts . have been made to organize the coal miners In Hopkins county. Several strikes have been failures. The present strike has been on some months without decreas ing the output of the Hopkins county mines. The St. Bernard, Reinecke and Mon arch Coal companies brought suit be fore Judge J. T. Nunn against the Illi nois Central mines and certain of their employees asking $100,000 damages for alleged conspiracy to close down'the plaintiffs' mines. This suit is pending. Now the same plaintiffs ask for an in junction that the defendants mining companies discontinue the collection of assessments out of wages of theiri em ployees, alleging that the purpose of the assessment is for the organization . of hurtful to the business of the ? plain- j tiffs. ' 99, LABOR IN MINNESOTA USEFUL WORK UNDERTAKEN BY THE STATE'S BUREAU. - J A. Line of InTCstlgatlona Which Indi cate That It Is Really a Bureau In the Interest of Labor The Commls- ioner'a Speech m.t Convention. IJabor Commissioner O'Donnell of Minnesota has made a study of the la bor question and, unlike some of the other state labor statisticians of the country, has a pretty fair Idea of the kind , of information that will be of value In determining the status of the workingman and the practicable and desirable changes in industrial condi tions that will lead to improvement. At the recent annual convention of labor commissioners held in St. Louis Com missioner O'Donnell made an address, from which the following Is quoted: "In the forthcoming biennial report , of the Minnesota bureau we will try to classify the employees of establish ments and to give so far as possible the number of hours of work performed per day and week during the whole year. Supposing an establishment had carpenters, molders, machinists, paint ers, plumbers and other tradesmen em ployed, besides apprentices and helpers of all kinds, and that during a certain period of the year the plant was oper ated nine hours a day with a less num ber of men than at another time with a greater number of men at ten hours a day, our aim is to get at the correct fig ures so" far as possible. Our report, furthermore, will show the relative per centage of apprentices to the journey men in any of the particular factories 6r trades 'that "We may select for Inves tigation. ' " --' "From time to time our department has urged upon the employers of labor In our state to provide a suitable emer gency chest for their factories equipped with bandages, gauze, liniments and all necessary implements and medicines to render first aid to the injured. And I am able to state with great satisfaction that puf efforts have met with success in this direction! One of the large es tablishments In our state employing be tween 700 and 800 , men has extended on our recommendation so far that they have provided two elaborate emer gency chests, with stretchers, beds, etc. And the men employed have formed in each department an ambulance corps, and they have received a great deal of instruction from the company's doctor as to how to aid and take care of per sons injured until medical assistance can be procured or they can be remov ed to their home or to the hospital. The employers of labor in our state are re quired to report to the bureau of labor all accidents that require the services of a surgeon, and they are classified as to their nature, causes and also the In dustries in which the Injured were en gaged at tie time of the accident, v i iiitTThe eirfbrclrig of laws regulating: the employment of children forms no small part of the department's work, , and, with the aid our department is receiv ing from the school authorities, which in our state alone are authorized to excuse children from school attend ance, child labor has been reduced to a minimum, , and no employment per mits are granted to any child under 14 years of age without a thorough in vestigation by the school officials or one'; of the 'e'mployees of the bureau as to the conditions and the needs of the family or of the child making ap plication for such a permit, and we may. confidently say that the employ ment of children under 14 years prac tically does not exist in the state of Minnesota. The factory inspectors' re ports for the city of St. Paul up to May 10 of this year show the following figures: In 540 establishments they found 11,346 persons employed, 8,159 men. 3,055 women, 81 boys and 51 girls under the age of 16 years, but over 14 years, or, in other words, the number of children employed : represents per cent of the total number employed. "The phenomenal development of the Iron ore mining Industry of our state has . added new work to our depart ment, and our Inspectors are at the present time engaged In mine Inspec tions. We expect to have this year 41 mines In operation, and it is anticipated that the output for the year will reach the 10,000,000 ton mark. This Industry gives employment to thousands of men, most of whom are foreign born. "For special investigation by the staff of the bureau I have selected, among others, the following subjects: "First. The continuation of investi gation of Sunday labor, which was or dered by the legislature of 1899. "Second. Investigation as to the number of hours worked by stationary engineers and firemen and as to the general conditions surrounding such employment. ''Third. The eight hour workday from the standpoint of the employers. "Fourth. The union label, its use In Minnesota, the good It has accomplish ed, if any, and the conditions allowing Its adoption. , "Fifth. The conditions surrounding employees In the manufacture of cigars and In woodworking establishments. "Sixth. The employment of females. "The employment of females has at tained such magnitude in all civilized countries of the world that It has be come almost an International question of grave importance. The question Is often asked, 'Was woman not destined to grace the house and home of hus band and family?' Then why is it that women seek employment in the facto ry and "workshops? Have their male relatives profited by their leaving home and entering the unwholesome atmos phere of the workshops, with their rat tling and swirling machinery, or the department stores, with their arbitra ry orders to remain standing at all' times during the nine or ten hours of J the day and a standing threat of In- Brant discharge to any employee who falls to have a kind word and a per petual smile for each and every cus tomer that comes along? Have the bur dens of ;.men .been eased , in any way? Can they find-better or, more remuner ative employment since women came in competition with them for places and salaries? Though I must frankly admit I know that the bureau of labor of Minnesota cannot solve this great prob lem, it is our intention to delve in and gain what information we can and pre sent it to the public, hoping and trust ing that it may result in some good. "Of new laws of Interest to the Indus trial classes enacted by our last legis lature I might mention the eight hour law that provides that eight hours shall constitute a day's work to be done by contract or on behalf of the state; also the law that provides for the examination by the building in spectors of our cities of all persons en gaged in the work of operating passen ger elevators. ' - "A law regulating barber colleges has been enacted, and the law .regulating persons engaged in or working at the business of plumbing has been so amended that it Is possible to fine or imprison persons violating the provi sions of this act. The last session of the legislature by Its acts has shown that the people of Minnesota are abreast of the times In securing legisla tion to Improve and to better the gener al conditions of the working people.' THE TRUSTS AND LABOR. Orarcuitaed Worker the Bf larlitx Force That Will Protect All the People. "The politicians and political econo mists will see nothing but ruin in the trusts unless constitutions are changed and all manner of laws enacted to pro tect the people are not. taking Into ac count that mighty force which has al ways defended the people in war as well as in peace," said General von Niemand at the regular meeting of the Economic club, says the Cincinnati En quirer. .-n:S . "What is the mlghtforce? It Is or ganized labor. No'I am not going to ' make a" labor union! speech just illus ( trate a fact as I see- it. - It is admitted , that the- industrial combinations In clude a vast amount of water and that the people must pay dividends on the , water. That Is true. The consumer pays the dividends which enrich the ! combinations. But we must not lose sight of the fact that labor Is the main consumer of the products of the trusts, so that when prices are advanced labor has to pay the bulk of the burden. When prices - are pushed beyond the reach of the laboring classes, a strike j for higher wages follows. , If the strike succeeds, the workers divide with the trusts the money forced out of the I working classes. "When the laboring element has sufficient reward for Its toil, it meets the advanced prices to all those who live between the trusts and the tollers by spending the In crease of their wages. No matter how high "prices iriayte,? if.lalsoir :1s :3asly compensated the equilibrium is main talned. When labor Is not justly com pensated, it strikes, and it thus fights the battles of every other class which Is opposed to trusts. The man who takes the place of a striker not only wrongs himself, but the entire nonpro duclng class and all other working- men. ' "I believe in public sympathy and support for strikers In cases of de mands for increase of., wages when prices of commodities are advancing. Every- advance In prices touches the working classes first, because they are the principal consumers who have no store laid by for such times. When prices are declining, the wages are al ways the first thing cut In order to keep shops moving, and labor has to accept the condition. In fact, the public de mands that labor shall accept the re ductions when prices are decllnln The prices of commercial commodities, like agricultural products, depend upon the cost of production with a reasona ble profit added. No law can prevent extortion in prices when the output Is controlled by a monopoly, but the labor can stop production until it receives a share of the extortion, and as labor cannot hoard It must divide the share it eets with all other classes. There fore labor Is the army which must fight the battles of all the nonproducers who live out of the commissions between the producer and the consumer. When labor demands more than a just share of the profits, it destroys the employer and in turn destroys Itself. The public could safely leave In the hands of labor the fighting of all the .antitrust battles. I ask you, gentlemen of the Economic club, to think of the practical workings of the Idea I am presenting and see If you do not reach the same conclusions which I have." Courtesy Pay. "If they don't want us to bite, they shouldn't treat us like dogs." This re mark of a coal miner during the last strike in Pennsylvania is quoted by a writer In The Independent who has made a study of labor questions, Her bert N. Casson, as illustrating one strikes which mleht and should be avoided. Mr. Casson has ad vised and conferred with the labor lead ers, in many Important strikes of late years, and he holds that lack of a little common courtesy on the part of the employer is a very frequent means of exasperating the members of unions to the point of lawbreaklng. He says that it often happens that representatives of unions are not only refused a hearing, but are sworn at and ordered out of the office, and that this creates a feeling of bitter resentment in the minds of the workers, which bears fruit not Infre quently in the destruction of life and property. On the other hand, he de clares, when the employer is willing to confer with the secretary of the union and a strike takes place without any previous ill feeling there is rarely any violence or hoodlumism. HOURS AND: WA'GE! RWrtRTftlfiMTPriNFiSft awn IWrnMCICT. . ENCY OF EMPLOYERS. T1i-LoKle of the MahiBlats Strflre For a Shorter Workday The "Tea -Ilonrs' Pay" XonsengeIa Not the Industrial System Panltyt In the great labor strike for a shorter workday a Hartford manufacturer and official who shut out all his employee on the opening day of the struggle gave ha raco nlfltnlv axtrnv In an InfniwlAM regarding the situation when acknowl- v edging that shorter "hours "were bound to come and there should be no objec tion to them and then the wages would have to be advanpd nrnvirtAd thov r& - f A . mained at the same rate per hour as at present, because the, men couldn't live On leSS than thev are now r&nnlxrl-nrr Here are the words ns fnnnrl in tfc , v mu i-. m MAW W port of the interview: ' ' "But after the nine hour day the same pay would naturally foUow in course of time as the men would have to have about the same money to live on as when working ten hours." Exactly. This is the logic of the sit uation. And, being so, Isn't It somewhat Inconsistent to object to the demand . for "ten hours pay for nine hours' work," as the thought is phrased? If the men will have to have about the same money to live on while working only nine hours a day as they did wjie'n working ten, where Is the logic In , de nying them that amount, as they must live in order to be able to work? How much simpler the matter would appear If the question were only divid ed? First,' let the hours of labor be set tled. Is or Is not nine hours for a dav work sufficient? It is generally so con ceded, and we are told by those who have made a study of the subject that even four hours labor, if all would work who can, are sufficient to give to the world all the necessaries and luxu ries of life. Now that part of the prob- as to the reward, in dollars and cents that that day's labor is entitled to. And " without at all going into the depths of the question it ought to be self evident J A. M m ' a xnar, ne wno penorms tue aay s laDor is at least entitled to a decent and com fortable living, and his share of the ' dollars and cents Involved onsrht to be " sufficient to guarantee him as. much. ; -So when we speak of ten" hours' pay, for nine hours' "work we only befud dle the question.' There is no such in- t congruity in the demand, for there Is no such thing in existence as an abso lute "ten hours pay." The ten hours. pay of one man may be one thing, the ten hours' pay of another vastly differ ent. And with the same man it may be one amount today and another tomor-. row. " . ; . , But the Immediate question involved Is the difficulty of the employers ad justing prices ,so as to be able to meet Lwhat they. regard';,a& -Increa-secl coat product. This may be a reality in some cases, but not in alL - Even were it so, It is a matter for the employers to see to and not for the men to take Into con sideration. It Is entirely out of the lat ter's jurisdiction- However, even with- fines, can't the matter be adjusted to some extent? Won't the salaries of some of the officials bear a little modi fication? If $2 or $3 a day is considered ; sufficient recompense for the man who works with head and hands to produce the product that brings the' dollars and - i . . a A A X ttuia us clu uuucciucu, uj uiuai uic man who works with head alone be considered as deserving from 2 to 20 times as much? Or, In other wordsIf $5,000, $10,000, $20,000 or $30,000 a year is only sufficient for a decent and com- fortable living for one man. how are the others to get along on the compara tively insignificant amount first refer red to? v Surely the wage question and Balary question are .all wrong from beginning to end. And the industrial system at the bottom of it must be all wrong too. It . is the basic cause of nearly all the sin " and suffering in the civilized world. If the word "civilized" can be poperly used in this connection. It begets the pauper and the millionaire, the thief, the drunkard and the prostitute. It has millions of people forever on the rag ged edge of suspense for the morrow ; that the few may roll and rule in luxu ry if not riot In dissipation. It has the great majority of humanity ever In trouble for the want of enough while the few are in trouble because of hav ing too much. There can be no lasting peace and happiness in the world until something better takes its place as the basic structure of our civilization. Hartford Examiner. Chinese Labor Too- Cheap. Evelyn E. Porter, an electrical engi neer connected with the cotton mills at Shanghai, said to a New York reporter that the six mills in Shanghai, each having 40,000 spindles, cannot compete, even with their cheap Chinese labor with the American manufacturers. The originators of the plants ln China ex pected large profits, but by the practice of the most rigid economy they have' been unable to earn more than 3 per cent on their investment. . - The women in the Chinese mills, Mr. Porter said, are paid 15 cents a day. He explained that competition with -American made goods is unsuccessful, because an American operative can do better work and four times more in a given time than a Chinese. - . ; Lucky Bakers. v - The Hebrew bakers of Boston, who were recently Involved in a strike for a. uniform workday of not more than 12 hours, gained further concessions from' their employers. The , officers .of .thej nnlon have received reports that thei wages of the Journeymen bakers had I been advanced 25 per cent since the set- tiemeni or xne e trice. - j