Newspaper Page Text
,, -trVj -
'CV ;VOL. XIX. NO. 30. HARTFORD AND WATERBURY, CONN., SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1901. PRICE, 3 CENTS. r i r v V v Ay Ay SULTAN OF MOROCCO. Young African Ruler Has Many Extravagant Fads. Pay 91,5.006 for Two Cameras wltl . . Whlch-to Photosrapli Hi Wive Lenses Are Set iu Solid . Gold Instead of Uratiit. News that the sultan of Morocco ' has bought two cameras, one quarter-plate and one half-plate, costing $10,500 and $4,300, respectively, is re garded by camera experts as sug gesting1 that , the sultan of Morocco is a good deal more fond of spending money than is the sultan of Turkey, It is doubted if he has any prettier harem, than has the Turkish sultan, and if he has it is argued by experts in' camera goods that he could get just as good a picture of hik favor ites with a $100 machine. ' According , to the story of the sul tan's purchases in London all the metal work of -the quarter-plate camera is of solid gold, even to the screws, and hinges, every piece bear ing the British hall mark. Its total weight is 150 ounces. The half-plate instrument is of silver, with finest' of mountings. : Dr. William II. Knapp, of Chicago, representing the manufacturers who made th1 lenses for the sultan's cameras, says in effect that the sul tan paid through the nose for what hc.gov, so far as pictures are con cerned.. , "For such cameras we couldn't make a lens that would cost more than $100," said Dr. Knapp to a Chi cago; Tribune reporter. "The best framework for a lens is brass and one set in. gold would be less adapt able in photography. We make ' the best quarter-plate lens for $77, with $16 more added for a shutter. The sultan hasn't got anything better, though it may be set in -solid gold. "But even in solid gold, wherever the metal could be worked in, it is SULTAN OF MOROCCO. (Young African Ruler Noted for His Ex ' i - travagance.) hard to see how such a charge could be made for such a small camera as a quarter-plate would be. It would take a photograph Only 34x4 inches, and the half -plate would be only 44x612 inches. . '' ' ; "Counting gold as ; worth $20 an ounce and the lens of the camera at $100, the camera would have to weigh nearly 500 ounces to have ' $10,000 worth of gold in it. That is, it would have to weigh more than 30 pounds avoirdupois. This is an absurdity. Carving, jewels, engravings and the height of ornamentation might make a camera cost as much as $10,500, but you couldn't prove it by a quarter Xlate negative." In general, the cost of a camera is in . the lens. For a sneak thief there is scarcely a more inviting field than a first-class photographer's studio. While men Jock up bartenders in the ice box to raid a saloon cash register with $6.85 in it, a sneak thief easily might unscrew a . $500 portrait Jens from a camera and sneak out with .the booty in his coat pocket. For a costly camera the lens usually costs ten times as much as the box, and it has not a hundredth part of the bulk. The largest lens ever made for a camera was nearly nine inches in diameter, was ten inches long, and lens and metal casing weighed 40 pounds. This lens, made under the most trying circumstances, cost $3, 000, and was designed for a plate 4x8 feet. The first photograph taken through it was a life size photograph of Dr. John Alexander Do wie, short ly before he -was reincarnated into Elijah III. - The plate which registered this "counterfeit presentment" of Elijah cost $100, and it cost at least five dollars to develop and "fix" the nega tive, the prints from it costing about three dollars each. The unusual size of the lens for this , camera necessitated a camera box 4x8 feet and a focal adjustment of 13 feet. In making the lens it was difficult to find glass sufficiently large and free from flaws, air bub bles, and "striae." When one glass bad beei cut and adjusted it had to be thrown out because of one of those . almost intangible blemishes 'ermed striae. ' fim ' l ' 1-1 ' 1 M jF In a lens of ordinary size the de viation of one-thousandth of an inch in its thickness will make it useless for photography, causing it to dis tort images. Testing these lenses, grinding and polishing and fitting the"m and correcting them to hairs breadths is the work of the human hand and eye, but so accurately are these experts trained that ,in a box of a dozen lenses of the same style it is the boast of the manufacturers that no man needs search to find a best one. THE COUNTESS TOLSTOI. Wife of the Aoted Russian Reformer and Sociologist Has Shown Rare Devotion. Countess Sophia Andrerovna Tol stoi, wife of the famous Russian nov elist and sociologist, may be account ed one of the most remarkable wom en in Europe. She has stood fast by her husband's side in all his ups and downs of fortune and was his main stay during his recent disgrace by the Russian government for having defended the liberty-loving students of St. Petersburg. Countess Totsloi is a genuine wife and mother and very different ri her tastes from her philosopher husband. The count de COUNTESS TOLSTOI. (Wife of the Noted Russian Reformer and '-:'.' Novelist.) , ,.' scribes her, as a v"high flyer at fash ion.'' Judging from accounts of a re cent visitor to Russia, the same dis tinction characterizes the j husband and wife..; This . visitor describes' his interview with the great author and :rc6X4fsont waaln peasant dress and received his guesin' a plainly furnished study;' "But . when the two repaired to the reception? room they found the countess, vin magnificent court costume, and ; the ladies, who were with her were' sim ilarly attired. These things, how ever, are mere matters of taste. From the events of the late uprising in Russia it would seem that the countess has a peculiar right to be heard and honored by everyone. Her husband's excommunication gave her an opportunity of - issuing a public letter which was especially appeal ing. The brave wife closes her letter in these words: "God will be lenient to those who even outside the church have lived a life of humility, renun ciation of the good things, of this world, love and devotion' His ' par don is surer for them than for those whose miters and decorations sparkle with precious stones, but who strike and J expel from, the church those over whom they are set as pastors. Hypocrisy would vainly distort my words, for good faith does not err in judging people's real intentions." Countess Tolstoi for many years has acted as her husband's friend secre tary and critic. The romance of their lovemaking is found in "Anna "Karenina." Krngi-t Sticks to Beer. , Paul Kruger's daily tipple is beer, and he rarely takes alcoholic spirits He once drank a glass of champagna at Bloemfontein, after the signing oi an alliance with the Orange Free State. He looked surprised as he drained the glass, then snorted dis gustedly, and champagne has not passed his lips since that day. Lightning; Strikes Feathers. .The popular idea that feathers are a nonconductor of electricity, laboring under which delusion many people scary about lightning climb under feather beds, even in 'summer, was ex ploded in a very .remarkable manner during the recent heavy thunderstorm at Chambersburg, -Pa. "While the storm was at its worst a bolt of light ning struck the center of the public square of a country town and struck a rooster which was running acros's the opening. It hit him square on the head, and, of course, killed him in stantly, and also burned all the feath ers off his back and sides. ' Horse Coughs Up Bank Bills. Elwyn Philips, employed by O. C. Gardner, a baker in Southampton, L. I., lost $230 a few days ago, and was unable to find any trace of the money. The bills were in a roll held together by an elastic band. One of the baker's horses had a coughing fit the other day and coughed up th"e roll of bank notes intact. The rubber band had held se curely, and the money was returned to Philips. He believes that he acci dentally dropped the roll., from his trousers pocket, and that the horse picked it up. and swallowed it. : THE If ATE OF HAWAII Politicians and Statesmen Are Much Interested In It. Natives Want Statehood or Annexa tion to California Others Think Territorial Government Is . Good Enongh, . While Delegate Wilcox, of Hawaii, is urging that the archipelago (now a territory) be admitled to the union as a state, the recommendation is heard in some quarters that the is lands be annexed to California. The Honolulu Sunday Volcano, for exam ple, says: . ; '' ; f "The Volcano, in advocating the an nexation of "Hawaii , to California, does so with the most patriotic mo tives. The Hawaii of to-day is carry ing all of its eggs to market in one basket. We are raising two products sugar and children. The contract labor laws having been abolished, children are hardly a commoditj7 of commerce. Hawaii under present conditions to be prosperous must' have a stible market for its sugar., ( The market for Hawaian sugar is' Ahier ica. Under the Downes decision of the United States supreme court' con gress has the power to levy a dutj' on any or all goods shipped from a ter ritory of the United States. Now we do not believe that congress will ever place a duty upon Hawaiian sugar. But, believing this, would it not be presumptuous to say that congress never will do it? There is no telling what an Hawaiian legislature or an American congress will do. "Is it not best to be safe in this matter? Haven't the people of Ha waii had enough dearly purchased ex perience in assessment sugar stocks without investing in an assessment government. By becoming a part of, California, Hawaii would be forever free from a tax on its sugar. What a strong argument this isTfor annex ation to the Golden State!" The semi-official Philadelphia Press, Vowever, expresses its' belief -that N ROBERT W. WILCOX. (Delegate in United States Congress from Hawaii.) Hawaii will remain a territory. It re marks: , "Delegate WTilcox, of Hawaii, who is enthusiastically advocating state hood for the territory of Hawaii, is wasting his time. Hawaii is not fit to become a state, and it will be a long time, if ever, before it will be so fit ted. There is no evidence whatever to show that Hawaii would be better off. as a state than as a territory, while its expenses would be greatly increased. "The talk of uniting Hawaii with California meets with no favor either in Hawaii or in California, and is chi merical. Congress, would give no con sideration to such a proposition. Un der the decision of the United States supreme court, Hawaii needs no statehood, and, like all our other pos sessions, can be well governed under a territorial form of government euch as it now has. "As to complaints about the al leged ignorance and corruption of its legislature, they count for nothing in view of what some of our state legislatures do, particularly that of Pennsylvania. No territorial legisla ture will probably, ever, exhibit such rottenness as has characterized the Pennsylvania legislature, or that of Montana, and fortunately no terri torial legislature would , have the power to rob the people, of ..the terri tory in the way the Pepnsylvania leg islature has robbed the people of this state.,,r. . " Trees Die from Insomnia. "Insomnia dries trees up and kills them after awhile," said a tree fan cier. "Trees need sleep, just as in dividuals, and if powerful lights are glaring upon them all night long the leaves will gradually wither and drop from the branches. This deadening of the tree is often plainly notice able upon the side affected by the light, and a . number of trees in the city are slowly being killed by elec tricity." .. . The Power of the Press. The Kansas City man who adver tised in a newspaper for a wife and got one in the shape of a widow with fire children lias no longer 'any doubt as to the power of the press. DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH. Conmelo Vanderbilt's Husband Will Fete 7,000 Persons at His Castle of Blenheim. The duke- of arlborough is about to appear in a new role. There will oc cur at Blenheim palace, the duke's seat at Woodstock, Oxford, August 10, one Of the largest political demonstrations of recent times. Its object is to cele brate the third unionist victory in the elections. Three thousand delegates from, the conservative and liberal unionist associations throughout the country will be present, , while the gathering will number in all about 7,000.. Mr. Balfour and Mr. Chamber lain will make addresses, and the DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH. 1 (Will Entertain 7.000 Guests at Blenheim . Castle.) . duke of Marlborough will preside. The duchess of Marlborough will en tertain this great throng at luncheon in a huge tent especially erected upon the historic grounds. AM unionist members of the house of commons have been invited. The palace will be -opened for public inspection, and, in fact, 'Blenheim will ,be en fete as it has not been for many years. A dis tinguished house party, will follow, several of the most prominent per sons present remaining to the end of the week. Among the features of the fete will be a recital, upon the celebrated organ in the' long .library, boating upon the lake and the render ing of . band music during the entire day. The. duke of Marlborough said to a jrepresettative - of the Associated "JSoijHTiiiicance is attached to this fete, fo far as I am concerned; I did something similar'five years ago, only on a much smaller scale-. I thought this would be good for! the unionist party, effectively .prove its cohesion and the concord which prevails in the party, and also give the leaders a chance of personally thanking their agents and workers; so I asked them all to come . to Blenheim." 1 - The duke of Marlborough is not go ing to thte United States, and has not the faintest idea of succeeding Lord Mmto as governor general of Canada; he characterized both reports as ut terly unfounded. . HIGH TELEGRAPH POLES. Greeted at Beaumont, Tex., on Op. ' poslte Banks of the Sometimes Turbulent Nechei. The highest telegraph poles in the United States have just been put up in Beaumont, Tex. So far as known, they" are the highest of any in the world, the top being 150 , feet above the ground. They were erected on the opposite banks of the Neches river by the Western Union Telegraph com pany, in order to string its cable across HIGHEST IN THE WORLD. (Teleg-raph Poles at Beaumont, Tex., Feet High.) ISO the stream. The span is 144 feet in length. This height is necessary to admit the passage of ships through the drawbridge, their masts being 100 feet tall and more. This aerial span was preferred to laying a submarine cable, for it is ex pected that congress may at some fu ture day have the Neches river dredged, and this would ruin the cable. It is also much cheaper. Autocars for Paris Police. Autocars are to be utilized by the police in Pars to overtake cars driven at excessive speed. Several policemen are now being' trained to drive the mo tor carsvy FRANCE NOT AFRAID. Plot Against the Republic Hatched by the Bonapartists. Followers of Prince Louis Napoleon Propose tor Make September 14 Memorable in the History of Their Country. Bismarck's saying that an enemy who names a day for his attack is not formidable, will be recalled by the story which comes from London of the new plot against the French republic. This tale is given with a good deal of circumstantiality, and it comes from Paris, from a person who is said to be favorable to the scheme. Prince Louis Napoleon, a descendant of Jerome, one of the brothers of Napoleon I., is an officer of the Rus sian army. On September 14 Nicholas II. is to promote the prince to the rank of general in the Russian forces. On that day a big demonstration is arranged in France by the friends of Bonaparte pretensions, in the inter est of the prince. This is the programme as outlined by the tale from Paris, published in a London paper, and- cabled to the United States. Young Louis Napole on is represented to be a good officer and a popular person, and a favorite of the czar. All this is true. Possibly there is some truth in the story that he is to be promoted by the czar at an early day, and September, 14 would be just as good a day as any other for the advancement to take place,' so far as the world can see. But will the promotion cause a Bonapartist dem- onsjtration? Will this demonstra tion, if it occurs, have any influence on the political fortunes of . this or any other member of the Bonapartist house? These are queries which time only can answer. Meanwhile, says the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, a few considera tions can be shown to stand in the way of -the success of any Bonapart- PRINCE LOUIS NAPOLEON. . (Bonapartist Pretender to the Throne oi France.) ' ist plot which may be hatched at the present time. The . present republic, which will be 3 years of age on Sep tember 4, 1901, has lived nearly twice as long as any other political system which has appeared in France since the abolition of the Bourbon mon archy in 1792. There was once a be lief, incited by the experience of the Orleanist monarchy and the second empire, JNapoleon , ill. s; tnat tne eighteenth century was the dead line in the life of a x rencn government, The third republic has left that line, so far behind that it is hard to figure out off-hand just when it has crossed The present French ministry, if it lives a few weeks onger, will have outlasted all the other cabinets, about three dozen in number, which have come to the front since Thiers' days at the head of the republic. The republic is apparently stronger now than it ever has been in the past. In the chamber of deputies only a cor poral's guard is left of the avowed enemies of this form of government. As Prince Louis Napoleon, however, is an able and popular person and a capable soldier, andi as he has great prestige in Russia, the country of his adoption, he has often figured in the popular fancy, in and out of France, in the role ' of the "man on horse back." There are persons, therefore, who will await with much interest the coming of September 14, 1901. ' One Way to Get a Wife. The accidental dropping of a dime down his back secured a bride for George Holden, of Scranton, Pa. Hold en is 23 years of age" One night at the theater a ten-cent piece slipped from the hand of Miss Hatty Sturgis. Although a thorough search was made by Miss Sturgis and a girl friend, it could not be- found. The girls were dismayed, for they had no money and their homes were nearly two miles distant. Holden, although five cents was the, extent of his belongings, and he an entire stranger, gallantly offered to escort them home. His offer was ac cepted. In bidding adieu to the young women he explained that the lost coin had slipped down his back and was then reposing in his left sock. Cap tivated by his neat speech, Miss Stur gis encouraged his attentions, and the other day they were married. - - ' ' A KING'S MONOGRAM. Kins Edward Has Adopted a Sew De stg-n for Use Throuehont the , British Empire. King Edward has chosen a new cipher for monogram to be worn on all badges, buttons and other devices, used throughout the royal service and wherever the royal monogram is borne at present. The new monogram is really very pretty and is given below. The cipher NEW BRITISH CIPHER. 'Adopted at the Special Command of King . Edward VII.) consists of "E" for Edward and "R" for Rex, which means king, you know,1 the, two letters mysteriously, but plainly woven together. In 'the lower loop of the "E" the numerals. "VTr' are inclosed and the ' whole reads: "King Edward VII." Above the mosno-v gram is a crown, made very plain ac cording to the wish of the king. The monogram is chosen for the whole of King , Edward's reign, and avat evea the slightest change must be made by the workers who place ' it upon ' the royal service. No device or orna-7 ment may be placed above or upo-a ii. ; Special instructions have been givea through the secretary of war as to tie crown to be used, alsxv&There are now " in use some half dozen crowns of dif-' ferent patterns, some of them of shapes and patterns foreign to the British. The one which " ha is bren chosen and which is to rc.oin-: i.1 sealed pnttern frr "fhr rr " UU.W"." Itrui Iji V in .. C j Ij -;J t. . t, .,,,if: W) xl , is stated, was the fuvurite cf Ljfz. Victoria, and was always used by ths late sovereign. All other patterns ar to be destroyed , v . - ' SCHLATTER IN JAIL. "Divine Healer Committed at Wa,h lnston, D. C, a a Vagrant After :': . Long Drunk. . Francis Schlatter", who still claims to be a divine healer, has been com- ' mitted to the workhouse in Washings ; ton as a vagrant, charged with drunk- ". enness. Schlatter once had many fol lowers in the west, who believed, in. his divine power as a healer, but in the , police' court he satN among hard- ened criminals,, and the police officers testified. to finding him drunk with a FRANCIS SCHLATTER. iDIvine Healer Sent to Workhouse Aftev Long Debauch.) crowd of boisterous boys around him. A few days before he was arrested as insane, but was discharged. To the officer who last arrested him Schlat ter admitted that he had been drunk, since July 3, and said he believed that about two days confinement .would do him good. He will have "30 days. In his own defense Schlatter testified that he came to Washington to find his wife, who had deserted him, and get her permission to sell some prop- -erty in England. Becoming discour aged in his efforts he got drunk. "What is your occupation ?'? asked the judge. "I am a divine healer," was the an swer. V "Then," said the court, "you should obey the Scriptural injunction: 'Physi cian, heal thyself. " Schlatter begged to be released from custody, but the court fined him ten dollars, with the alternative of 30 days' in the workhouse. ; " After he was taken back to his cell. the "healer" became alarmed lest the prison authorities should cut off his. long blonde curls. i "If I am shorn of my locks," said he. "I will be ruined." ... Ministers Have Lona; Lives. The longevity of ministers has lonff since passed into a proverb. A reader of the Church finds that of 12 deceased clergymen whose age was given, the youngest was 64, the remaining 11 were 70 years old at least, and four were over 80.. The average age of the 12 wu over 77.