Hi fUi rd
v Ay Ay ,
VOL; XIX. NO. 37.
HARTFORD AND WATERBUR Y, CONN., SATURDAY, AUGUST 10, 1901.
PRICE, 3 CENTS.
THE HODEEN MOSES.
That Is the Name Given by Many
to Theodore Herzl.
Pen Picture of the Leader of Zionism,
In WHose Vision I Ever Present
, the Immortal Ima&e of
Israel a, Nation.
f A - year ago, while I was drinking
' afternoon, tea in a London drawing
room, there entered a tall, lithe man,
with coal black hair, beard and mus
taches, restless :-visionary, eyes, and
a nervous mouth, twitching wilh half
sad humor. I did not know him,
but he magnetized me immediately.
I intuitively divined the intensity of
his personal force, the rich radiance
of his, character, the passionate idio
syncrasy of his soul, says a, writer in
the London Star. ' , ' ' . ' - . " ? .
At that time Zionism was a mere
shibboleth to me, one of the husks
that are blown about the social and
political highways. But the moment
I saw this modern Moses, this prac
tical prophet, Zionism became a vivid
reality For I recognized in him at
once one of those apostles' whowork
miracles by the power of their will
and the empire of their egotism. At
that time Herzl 'could not speak a
word of English.' ,s After a few com
. monplaces he drifted away again, leav
ing me profoundly interested in his
" romantic genius. He had done noth
ings said nothing; but he had - been
himself. Now, the man who can be
himself in a drawing-Toom is rare.
And this man's self was so bizarre,
so disturbing, so strange, ' that I
caught myself wondering at its per-
. sistence in my mind. . ; ! ,
, Well, the other day I met Herzl
again in another drawing-room the
drawing-room of the Hotel Cecil
Here it was I who drifted in, and the
, first thing that . disentangled itself
from the rout of men and women was
; the Old restless visionary gaze that
had haunted me before. The Jewish
leader . was holding a :, kind of levee,
with .lyrical interludes 'in the shape
)f songs by his Hungarian, compat-
DR. THEODORE HERZL..
riot, Mile. Aurelia Kevyi a young
prima donna who has won golden
praise with the Carl Rosa Opera com
pany and at Covent Garden.
I was astonished to find that Herzl
had learned to speak English with
wonderful fluency. Now and then he
falls back; on a charming Latinism
(such as "avitate" for avoid), but he
expresses himself with surprising
lucidity. . The dominant note in his
idealism is his confidence. He has
faith in his faith. He believes through
walls of difficulty. And this imagin
ative : prophet has in him a granite
' basis of common sense. He keeps
his visions well in leash, and prefers
to" talk of the hard, practical side of
, his vast scheme for leading the peo
ple of Israel back to the promised
It is a potent force, this new pride
tof race which ; Herzl has , rekindled.
I was ; struck by , the passionate ? en
ergy with which he . and his comrades
protested against ;the. injustice . of
judging the Jews by their . black
eheep. , The core .and heart of 'the
Zionist movement is its canonization
of the Jew as a Jew, its glorification
. tof the Jew's historic heritage, its
,call to the Jew to emerge from his
6Ubterranean hiding places and to
- etand before . the world as a racial
unity. Zangwill put-this all in a par
able. "The Jew in the past," he said,
"has acted like the. ostrich. .He has
buried his head in the sand, with the
natural result that the world has
he en tempted to kick the most prom
inent part of his anatomy. Some in
fluential Jews prefer to continue
these tactics. But we think the time
has come to stand erect."
! And as Mile. Revy sang some of her
. own wild Hungarian folksongs I could
not help thinning that there is more
jdynamic force in this ' Jewish re
nascence than the Gentile imagines.
:3Tor the Jews, above all races, are
idealists. If this great ideal took fire
and blazed through their ranks, who
shall say where it would end? But
the men who are organizing it are
prudent. Herzl deprecates wild and
nebulous aims. He prefers to keep
Ithe movement on the practical line
of an agricultural'and industrial col
ony. Yet, in his restless visionary
. eyes there is a loftier dream, a more
; eplendid conception, the immortal
Image of Israel a nation, and npt the
least of the, national of the" earths
WILL SUCCEED ALLEN.
William H. Hunt to Be Appointed
Civil Governor of tlie Island
. of Porto Rico.
There is no longer any doubt about
the retirement of Gov. Allen of Porto
Rico, who will be , succeeded by . Wil
liam H. Hunt, the present secretary
of the island. Gov. Allen will retire
on September 1, but he will not re
turn to Porto Kico if he can avoid it.
He will spend the summer at his home
irr Massachusetts. Gov. Allen feels
that his work in Porto Rico has been
A civil government and free trade
have been put in operation under his
regime, and since he was made 'the ex
ecutire head of the island he has done
much toward rehabilitating it. He is
1 LCtx -
I'm. 4TA t .
i WILLIAM H. HUNT.
SIated to Succeed Mr. Allen as Governor
of Porto Rico.)
of the opinion that the work of -the
future can be left to other hands.
When Gov. Allen left Porto Rico he
brought .all of his household effects
'William II. Hunt, who has been se
lected to succeed Gov. Allen, was born
in New Orleans, La., on November 5,
1857, and is the fourth son of the late
William Henry ' Hunt, of Louisiana,
who was secretary of the navy in the
cabinets of Presidents Garfield and Ar
thur, and who served as minister to
Russia. Judge Hunt received his edu
cation at Yale, but onaccount of ill
health did not finish his course. In
1896 ;Yale conferred upon him the hon
orary degree of master of , arts... "
When he was1 27 years of -a'ge Hunt
was elected attorney general of the
territory of Montana. He subsequent
ly removed to Helena, and in'1888 was
elected a member of the legislature,
wherehe served as chairman of the
judiciary committee. He was a mem
ber of the constitutional convention
in. 1884 which framed the constitution
of the siate when it was admitted to
the union, and also held important ju
diciary positions , in Montana. 1
When Gov. Allen went to Porto Rico
Mr. Hunt was' requested by President
McKinley to become secretary of the
island and to assist Gov. Allen in or
ganizing the new civil government.
The Heaviest Automobile.
A wealthy Australian owns what is
said to be the heaviest automobile in
the world. It weighs 14 tons, and is
run by ' a gasoline motor of 75 horse
power. This enormous vehicle, which
is capable of a speed when needed of
eight, miles an-hour, is employed to
carry freight to and frjOm a gold mine
situated 372 miles in the interior of the
! : ,
Copper deposits In Alaska.. t
The rich copper deposits of Alaska
are beginning to be developed, the,
first shipment from the White Horse
belt having been recently dispatched
to Tacoma. This belt, which tra
verses a tributary of the Yukon, is 25
miles long and four miles wide. There
is from 25 to 75. per cent, of copper
in the ore, and each ton carries from
six to ten dollars' worth of gold.
Bnlleti 'Canse Aente Fain.
Army, surgeons, declare that the ex
pression on the 'faces of soldiers
killed in battle reveals the 6aues of
jleath. Those who have perished, from
sword wounds have a look of repose,
tvhile there is an expression of, pain
on the faces of those slain by bullets.
Has a Ten-Foot Bed.
Miss Ella Ewing, the Missouri giant
ess, has erected a house for herself in
Govin, a - town in that state. The
floors in her home are ten feet high,
and the ceilings 15 feet. Her height
is eight feet four inches, and she
sleeps on a bed ten feet long.
Uncle Sam's Penny Colnagre.
Last year the United States coined
66,546,243 cents, which sounds big,
but it is less than a penny apiece.
Italy's Soldiers Get Cigars.
Cigars are given to soldiers in the
Italian army as part of their daily
. Most Intricate Game Known.
Japanese chess is the most intricate
game in the world. The board has 81
squafes, 20 pieces are used, and the
pieces change in grade when they ar
rive at a certain position on the board.
Field for Young Lawyers.
There are 40 counties in Texas which "
have to seek legal advice outside their
limits, as they have not a single attor
ney of- their own.' - - .
i : - i
1 - ' 1
ACCUSEE OF SCHLEY.
Pen Picture of Edgar S. Maclay.
' Clerk and Historian.
Never Was Considered Brilliant by
His Newspaper Clinms,' Bat Al-'
ways Was a Hard Worker
and Close Student.
"Who is Edgar Stanton Maclay?"
Is a question that is often heard and
seldom answered these days. Maclay
suddenly ' became a figure of prom
inence because of the charges that he
has made in his naval history, reflect
ing on the conduct of Rear Admiral
Schley during the war with Spain--charges
that are so serious in their
nature and made in such language that
the secretary' of the 'navy has for
bidden the use of Maclay's , book in
the naval academy, while Rear 'Acl
miral Schley has for, the same reason
secured from Secretary Long an or
(fer for an official .investigation df his
actions in the war. " .
Macfay is the ; son" of a clergyman
and is about 39 years old., He is under
the average height, but of sturdy
build, with broad shoulders, and heavy
legs. He. is persistent and stubborn
in character and is proud of his Scotch
While at work on the first volume of
his naval history, says the Chicago In
ter Ocean, Maclay was a reporter on
the New York Tribune, covering; the
board of education. Robert S. Maclay,
a relative, was then prominent inkedu
cational circles and was at c-ne-time
president of the board. , At.thajt time
there were nine sons of clergymen on
the Tribune, and Maclaj-, like,,-all of.
them, was "fond of staying uprin-the
mornings after work was done, ,but
as he had a life work ahead of .him
he decided he would have toy practice
economy.' :, , .
It ' was hard work for Maclay t.o
write. Words came slowly to him, and
it w'as difficult for hinj -to, .handle :a
pen or pencil..' He wrote a small,
cramped, irregular hand the liues be
ing so Cldse as to make him unpopular
with copy readers. At that time' he
had all his data for his first' volume.
It was while at Cornell that he con-
ceived the idea of writing
tory, having come to the
a naval his-
EDGAIl STANTON MACLAY. ;
.The Young Historian Who Attacked Ad
miral Schley.) .
that there was none in '' existence
woorthy the name. When he left the
university' he had a little money, and
he went abroad for data. There he
made use of what knowledge he had of
French and German and searched the
libraries. .' r
One day afte"r Maclay had learned all
he could he found himself in Germany
with just enough money to pay his
way to New York city on -the steamer.
He had three days in which to get the
steamer. How to live without eating
those three days was a question, and
how to get the steamer was another.
Somehow he got on board a boat going
down the Rhine and on that boat he
found bags of unsroasted coffee. ' The
bags were of canvas and his knife was
sharp enough to cut holes in canvas.
He laid in a store of green coffee beans,
and he had not starved to death by
the time he reached the steamship.
Ever after that he liked German cook
ing and the Germans.
When on the Tribune Maclay would
hurry every evening to a little Ger
man' restaurant at Third avenue and
Tenth street and fill himself with the
products of that German kitchen at
a moderate expenditure.' Sometimes
in the summer he would take a glass
of imported German beer instead of
coffee, of which he was extremely fond
even when cooked. Beer he drank in
moderate quantities on Saturday
nights, when he usually went to Wil
liamsburg, bought a ticket for some
ball given by flower-makers or paper
box makers, or shop girls. He would
dance to his heart's content and then
be very careful for the rest of the
Maclay always believed that writ
ing was a low art, and that no matter
how. well a man could write he could1
never achieve fame unless he really
had something to say. - When he got
through writing the first volume of his.
naval history he got Ervin Wardman,
then copy reader on the Tribune, to:
go over it for, him. . Wardman wa a
Harvard man, and was considered. an
Authority on English language and lit
erature. Wardman of ten grew tired.
but he "kept at the work of editing the
volume, and when it appeared in print
it had smoothness to it.
In 1894 Maclay left the Tribune and
began, writing naval editorials for the
New York Sun. When he got ready to
write the second volume of his history
he obtained an appointment as light
housekeeper at Setauket, L. I., and got
married. He has children. - Maclay
kept plugging along until Assistant
Secretary of the Navy Allen was sent
td Porto Rico. Maclay wanted to be
his successor. He is now a clerk in
Ae,Bropkly n n ayy yard .
' WESTERN IRON KING.
John W. Gates, of Chicago, One of the
, Important Faetors -in American :
. z Business Life. '"
John W. Gates stands in the .fore
most rank of iron and steel manufac
turers in the' country. Business asso
ciates say that they, have never
known him it o be wrong on the iron
and steel market, and his ability and
judgment have placed him at the
head of some of the most important
enterprises in that industry in the
. Mr. Gates was, born in Du Page
county; 111., on May 18, 1855, and was
educated at the public schools and
at Northwestern college, Napierville,
JOHN W. GATES.
(An Important Factor m Western Business
111., from which he graduated in 1873.
He Centered business as , a dealer in
tgrnrand then -in- hardware,. While
thtih he 'foresaw the possibilities of
the - wire business, and finally estab
lished the firm of; J. W, Gates & Co.
to deal in wire products. He organ
ized in 1881 the Southern Wire com
pany, and became ' its president
Three years later he formed the Bad
dock Wire company, of Pittsburgh,
and with his associates became, inter
ested in the Iowa' Barbed Wire com
pany, of Allentown, Pa., the St. Louis
wire mill, and the, Baker ' Wire com
pany, of Lockport, 111.' ". These com
panies were combined in . December,
1892,. into the Consolidated Steel and
Wire company, with a capital, of
Mr. .Gates resigned as president of
the Consolidated Steel and Wire com
pany in 1895, and in that year he be
came president of the Illinois Steel
company. He held that position until
September, 1898, when the company
was taken into the Federal Steel com
pany. , In the ' meantime the Consoli
dated Steel and Wire company con
tinued to grow, and in April, 1898, it
was combined with other companies
into the American Steel and Wire
company, and Mr. Gates was elected
chairman of the board of directors.
Mr. Gates remained in that office for
some time after the absorption of the
company by the United States Steel
corporation this year. Y
- Mr. Gates is traveling abroad now,
but has large business interests in
Chicago. He and his friends bought
the control of the Colorado Fuel and
Iron company recently at' an average
price of about 50 for the stock. He
is largely interested in' Port Arthur,
Killing; Rats with Gas. '
. Some interesting experiments have
taken place at the London docks to
show the effect of a new system for
the extermination of rats on board
ships." The vessel is charged with sul
phur dioxide gas,, which apparently
has the effect of attracting the rats
from their hiding places, and as soon
as they breathe the fumes they be
come suffocated. In the experiments
on the steamer Gourkha several hun
dred rats were destroyed in "a few
minutes by means of the gas, which
has no injurious effect upon the dec
orations of the saloon.
Chance for Medical Men.
A queer organization in New York
is the National Locomotor Ataxia
league, which offers $10,000 for the
discovery of a cure for the disease.
City Tax on Hen Coops.
New Haven's board of health has
toted that hen coops kept in the city
must pay a license. The rooster that
wows at 3:30 a. m. is responsible.
Cork Put Her Eye Out. .
A careless waiter, while opening a
bottle of cider in a Paris restaurant,
so held the bottle that the cork struck
Mile. Andree in the eye, causing the
loss of sight in that organ.;. She sued.
and the restaurant
fined 5,000 franc
MAN OF EXPERIENCE.
Capt. Lcmly, Judge Advocate oi
Schley Court of Inquiry.
Has Had More to Do with the Prose
ention of Naval Law Cases Than
Any Other Officer in the ,
Capt. Lemly is particularly well
fitted for the, exacting duties ; of
judge . advocate. He is now serving
his third term as judge advocate
general. ? He is a civil as well as ; a
maritime lawyer. So far as known
he has never expressed an opinion as
to the merits of either Rear Admiral
-Sampson or Rear Admiral Schleyi. He
served with Schley in the Essex on
the South . Atlantic station," and "was
a watch officer oh .board, the Thetis,
commanded ,by Capt. Schley, which,
with the Bear, formed ' the Greely
relief expedition. : ;
Capt. Lemly says he would feel
hurt to have it intimated that he has
any personal feeling whatever in the
controversy. In all the time he has
been at the head of the legal depart
ment of the navy, his service, dating
back to 1892, he has, fortunately, never
had occasion to-pass upon any ques
tion that involved either Sampson or
Schley: in any personal aspect. .He
has known both Schley better than
Sampson, perhaps. He . was one of
Schleys. , personal friends when he
(Lemly) was "in active line service
Indeed, " he " accompanied Schley, on
the famous Greely relief expedition,
and he rendered valuable service to
Schley on that occasion, which tha
senior officer ,! recognized. On th
other hand, Capt. Lemly has known
Sampson officially in the navy de
partment when the : admiral was at
the , head of the ordnance . bureau,
and they were thus thrown into close
contact in a "business point of view
at least for several years. -
Capt Lemly had already arranged
to depart from Washington on his
annual leave on a trip through Cana
da some time in August. He will ar
range to leave on a later 'date now,
order to be able to study up this
CAPT. SAMUEL, C. LEMLY. "
(Judge Advocate of the Sampson-Schley
Court of Inquiry.)
celebrated case before the court
meets September 12.
Meanwhile the clerical force of the
judge advocate's department can
prepare the mass of documentary
evidence necessary for use before the
points may be gathered ready for the
opening. It should be noted that un
der the ordinary rules of practicethe
judge advocate general of the navy is
called upon, to review the j proceed
ings of court-martials and courts of
inquiry. Secretary Long has prom
ised Capt, Lemly that he will be ex
empted from the duty of reviewing
the proceedings of the Schley court.
Capt. Lemly has. probably had more
experience in the prosecution of
naval law oases than, any other of
ficer in the navy, and is generally re
garded as one of the best equipped
officers in the navy for the important
duties which will devolve upon him
as judge advocate of the court se
lected to pass upon controversial
points resulting from the conduct of
the naval campaign in the West In
dies. : , -
Prior tp his assumption of his du
ties as judge advocate general of the
navy, in June, 1892, he was prom
inently identified with several of the
most important trials and investiga
tions in the recent annals of the
navy. As judge advocate and record-r
er of various courts he traversed
nearly all points of the world visited
by United States warships, going as
far as China and Japan in the prose-:
cution of such work.
He was judge advocate of the court-
martial convened in China as a re
sult of the loss of the United States
steamship Ashuelot, and was also
judge advocate in the court-martial
case of Paymaster Watkins, which
sat at' Yokohama. He was also judge
advocate , in the court-martial cases
appointed for the trial of ex-Surgeon
General Wales and ex-Paymaster
General Smith. Probably his most
important work of this kind, low
ever, was as judge advocate of the
court of inquiry which investigated
the loss of the Jeannette in the Arc
tic. That investigation was con
ducted in 'Washington and was
marked by almost as much acrimony
and .. controversy Nas. the pending
.Nava officers in speaking- of the
- " "ft " I M flan
fairness of Secretary Long in select
ing the court of inquiry point to. the
fact that Admiral Kimberly was
Schley's commander back in the 70's
Suffrage Laws In Belgium.
Under the Belgian law unmarried
men over 25 - have one vote, married
men and widowers with families have
two votes, and priests and other per
sons of position and education have
three rotes.; Severe penalties are im
posed on those who fail to vote.
y EX-EMPRESS EUGENIE. '
fhe Onlr Recreation in' TVhieh.thav
Lesser Napoleon's Widow In
dulges Is Yachting. .
One of the most familiar figures inv
European waters-in recent yachting"
seasons.is Eugenie, the ex-empre&s of
France. . She is now cruising in the
Mediterranean. Her yacht, the This
tle, was once the property of the late
duke of Hamilton. To meet the re
quirements of her majesty the, vessel
was considerably enlarged. . As al
ways, Eugenie is attended by anumer
ou's and stately retinue, for she still
(Napoleon's Widow Now Is a Devotea
. r . Yachtswoman.)
enjoys the traditions of a great oour.S
following, though1 her personal attire
in these untoward days follows the
simplest lines of the tailor's art. One
of the best friends of this woman of
former majesty is the captain of the
Thistle, who, thoughant Englishman,
invariably escorts heri from-the ''ya.cii
tthe" train at the end: of -a bruise.
o.fahL at leave-taking, bends fiver
worthy. oi the days of louii " XIV.
Though Eugenie is always treated in
England with the greatest considera
tion, , her life - hai toeen sadly embit
tered -by ; the long exile from France
Her nearest friends declare .that her
passion for 'yachting, has been the
means of preserving her life through
the 7 trying vicissitudes that have fol
lowed her tlirough nearly three deo
ades. She . still retains traces of the
rich Spanish beauty that made her fa- v
mous in Paris half a century ago, when
an emperor sought her hand.- f
THOUSANDS OR VIPERS.
ilaln Every- Year bf a Peculiar Od
cial Employed in the. Prefee-
';--,tnre of Haute, France..
' . In the prefecture of Haute, Loire
Erance accdrding'to La liature, they
have an official viper killer. ' The pres-
COURTOL, VIPER KILLER.
(On an Average He Destroy 1,500 Venom-
ous Snakes Per Year.)
i ' ...... .v --'- ; - ; - " '
ent incumbent of , this important
office is a gentleman by the name of
M. CourtoL who, judging from the ,
statement that he kills an average of
1,500 vipers a year, and one year
killed 2,502, must be pretty expert in
the business. He receives five "centa
a head for all he destroys and makes
a tolerably comf ortable living out of
his employment. '7
M. Courtol says the viper when at
rest is not easily seen, according to
the Philadelphia Times, as it assumes
the color of the ground or 'rocks of
the locality, becoming bluish black
upon basaltic rocks and reddish upon
volcanic scoriae. In addition to this,
according to him, the viper chooses
Its bed ' before retiring by seeking
ground of the same color as its skin.
M. Courtol has utilized 1,800 skins
of these snakes in making himself
two suits of clothes. One of them,
which he is seen wearing in the .pic
ture, consists of a pointed cap, jack
et, waistcoat and trousers; the other
is in the style of Louis "XV.
v A "Western City Sport. ' .
Three " bears - were-: killed . recently
within the city limits of Seattle, Wash
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