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The Newtown bee. (Newtown, Conn.) 1877-current, March 11, 1879, Image 1

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Editor ami Publisher.
1 w.l 2 w.jl sa.lSta.fC tB.jM
Inch .7717 S .7 . iliwiiU.) $e.OoW"
I Inches... l. l.TS 1JO J0 11.00
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1-4 Column .0 S.OOl 4.00 10.00 If.Oul 00
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1 Column........ -001 8 00!l.00 S8.00 iM.OOl U.00
8peial Wottc, Un oeoU jwrlln. first, ul It.
oenls for Men subsequent Insertion.
Transient AdrtUtn ptfb). In advas. K.
deadbest adwtUlflf taken. Ittrlj itranMBMIi
rarabl. at tb. and of Men quarter. Irofeaauaal
and baunsM card (to occupy not mora tana nv
Hues) U a jmi.
Subscription Price $1.50 a Year.
Bent, postpaid, to any address In the United
BUtea or Canada on reoeipt of subscription
prio. , .
JOHN T. PEARCE, Editor and Publisher.
SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 a. Year, in Advance.
Job Work
VOL. ..II.
NO. 38,
Professional Cards.
M. O. WILE, M. 1 ,
' " Bandy Hook, Oonn.
D. WIL00X80N, M D.,
Residenoe South Center Dis trio t, Newtown,
Oiuoe and Residence, Center St., Bethel, Oonn.
(First bonne east of Methodist ohnroh.)
Danbury, Conn.
Oolleotioot prompt. Offloe In Benedict's
391 State Street (Marble Block), Bridgeport.
Eleotrioity one of the Therapeutio Agent.
office houbs:
Tuesdays and Friday from 8 A. M. to 6 T. at.
In Bethiil, very Saturday from 1 to 6 P. M.
' Danbury, Oonn.
W. B. Rider li at hit offioe at Dlok'f Hotel
very Saturday. Nltroui Oxide Oaa adminis
tered tn eitraotlng teeth.
Woodbory, Oonn.
Q B. HART, M. D.,
and Offioe, Fisher'i block, orer 0. A
M. A. Leppert'a barber chop,
'"' Bethel, Oonn.
Offioe and Residence,
Sandy Hook, Conn.
Sandy Hook, Conn.
My offloe In Brookfleld 1 oprncd every
Wednelay, oyer Lewi Osborne's s'oro.
Pure Nitron Oxide Gas administered kt
either place tn extracting teeth.
Business Cards.
Main Street,
head of Wall,
Bridgeport, Codu.
Centrally located tn the business portion of
the otty. Rates, 2.00 per day.
Bandy nook.
Dealer in Watohes, CiocUg. Jewelry, Spec
taolea, ete. All repairing receives prompt Hiid
careful attention. Price uniformly as low m
i consistent with good good and workman
ship. A P. SMITH,
Done at the shortest notice and in thu best
manner. , Newtown, Conn.
Rcr. Jams P. Hott, A. M., Prinoipal.
Pupil of all sgea reeeived at any time, and
Instructed separately. Tuition loner than ia
any similar school. -
For circulars, reduction in Tuition, etc.,
apply to the Principal.
' Carpenter and Builder.
Offer hi service to all who contemplate
building or repairing. For good work upon
the moat reasonable term, address,
F. 0. SANFORD, Newtown, Conn.
Giover't Building, - .SANDY HOOK.
Good work at low price. Repairing a spe
cialty. Give me a call, and I will do my bebt
to please yon.
. Sandy Hook. Oonu.
Every requisite furnished at short notice,
and at bottom figures.
(Near the Griet Mill),
V. Bandy Hook, Conn.
Of Stonecutters' and Masons' Hammers
nde to order. Working iu Stool a specialty.
RPring done neatly and promptly.
SandysHook Market,
Dealer in FBESHAvj) CURED MEATS, Eto.,
, Near th. Bridge,
bandy Hook, Conn. '
1 Or Term Cash.
Repairing neatly done and with dispatch.
Second door south of G. Bradley's store,
(Formerly of West Bide).
W. W. BETT8, Agent.
Spectacles, Gold Pens, Silver-PIated Ware, Etc
Repairing promptly done.
sGT All good sold neatly engraved free of
Hitohcook's Block, Woodbury.
Architect and Builder.
Design, Plana, Specifications, detail and
working drawing furnished at reasonable
term. Communications by mail will receive
prompt attention. Address,
P. O. Box 12, Newtown, Conn.
Is Frjrd to furnish anything in the above
1 - . abort notice and at rednoed prices.
UrMi Granite IVorlts.
nirflold Avenue (one door from
street J,
or ! rtle for
" i "i ro-
Clover Song.
Wake 1" said the sun, looking out at the
And the mist from the meadow broke,
And blossom and leaves felt a thrill of life,
And from sleep at hi summon woke.
Dewy wild roses looked everywhere,
At the clouds, and the birds, and the trees;
Daisies went waving all ways, glad things !
And butteroups basked at their ease.
All the fields over,
Naught but the clover
Turned to her lover-
True little olover leaves, straight to the sun.
Higher and higher he climbed the sky,
Drinking the roses' dew
Sweet, frail roses 1 they drooped, then fell,
And faint were all things that grew.
But the oalm little olover leaves turned and
With the great sun keeping pace;
And now each one in the fervid noon,
Lifted its trusting face. '
All the fields over,
Only the olover
Followed her lover
True little olover looked straight at the sun. .
Slowly, slowly, the sun went down
Over the hills so sweet;
Slowly followed the olover leaves,
Even his face to meet.
frown through the waiting gold and red
As at last he sinks from sight,
Softly they drop their face low,
In loving, mute, good-night.
All the fields over,
Sleeps little clover,
Missing her lover
True little clover, to wake for the sun.
Wide Awake,
It was a boantif al midsummer after
noon. The ann was phining brightly
npon one of the large plains of Texas,
dotted hers and there by settlers' houses,
and the glittering waters of the Bio
Biding up the dusty brown road at a
slow pace was an army officer. He rode
a large Borrel thoroughbred, which
seemed ever impatient to move mere
rapidly onwar J.
The rider was a yourjg maD, with a
handsome sun-browned face. He had
bright gray eyes, a light mustache hid
his well-cut lips, and a wealth of dark
brown curlv hair clustered around
his head.
As he was passing a wayside house,
the owner came out and hailed him: -
"Colonel, hold a minute."
The young officer turned his horse,
and rode up to the man. .
Colonel, " said the man, ' that Mexi
can band of thieves crossed the river
this morning, and they mean to be up
to mischief."
"Tes," eaid the oolonel, "those
Mexican raiders are the plague of the
country. Hare you seen the rascals?"
' Yes ; I me t them this morning, when
they crossed the river, and they told me
thev intended to kill the Thomson
family before they go back; so I con
cluded to tell you. I thought you
might warn Thomson to get out of the
" Why, what have they against Thom
son ?"
"Ob, you know Thomson chased two
of them away when they were trying to
steal his horses. They have boasted
that they intend to kill every man, wo
man and child in the family,"
" When do they intend to do it ?"
"As they come back. - They have gone
down in the valley; but, from what they
said, I think they will be back in two
hours or so."
"As soon as that!" said the colonel;
" then I will got have time to ride to
camp for troops."
"No; and they may be back in an
hour; no telling."
" Well, if they may be back bo soon,
I'd better be going if I wish to save the
family. Good-day." ,
"Good-day," said the man, as the
colonel's horse bounded at a rapid pace
tip the road.
Thomson's house was about a mile
and a half distant. Beaching it, the
colonel rode hastily up to the door and
"Hello, Colonel Charlie," said the
good-hear ted farmer, "come in and
have a drink of milk, and cool yourself.
It is a mighty hot day."
' No, I thank you; that band of Mex
ican cutthroats have crossed the river
again, and " .
"Are they?" exclaimed the settler,
wiping the sweat from bis brow.
"Yes; and they have threatened to
murder you and your family.".-
"And I have no mercy to expect
from them. That thief I hurt for at
tempting to steal one of my horses was
one of their gang, and I suppose they
are thirsting for revenge."
"Yes, Thomson," said the colonel,
"the best thing for you to do ia to
leave here as soon as possible, and go
to camp." .
The settler hastened away to alarm
those within.
The family consisted of Thomson,
wife, brother and two children a boy
and girl. The boy was about a dozen
years of age, and the girl was six.
' After quickly hitching a pair of horses
to the wagon, it was soon loaded, the
colonel working as industriously as any.
The children were put in it, and Thom
son's brother-in-law drove away, leaving
the rest to nil the remaining wagon.
Tho man had driven but a short dis
tance, when the little girl began to cry
lor her doll. -
"Oh, nevermind your doll, I'll buy
you anoiner, aia ner uncle.
" Oh, please let me go back and get
my doll," cried the child. " I'll go
straight to mamma."
Bhe cried and begged so hard, that at
last her ancle put her out and told her
to hurry straight to her mother.
Going bftok she entered the house un
observed, aad sl'.'Jrt down on the floor
soon fell as!
ItrriE: -' r te w on hai
They therefore had traveled nearly two
miles before overtaking it. Then the
mother, putting her head out of the
wagon, called to her boy:
" Where is your sister ?"
" She is with you," said the boy.
"Isn't she with you?" cried Mrs.
Thomson to her brother.
" No ; she is in your wagon."
" Oh, heaven !" cried the mother, " my
child is left behind."
For a moment all were silent, gazing
in each other's faces, till Thomson said :
" I fear I could not get back before
the bandits would be there. That dust
in the distance, I suppose, is caused by
the band. Perhaps they may' not . in
jure the child."
" But," cried the mother, frantically,
" they have sworn to kill every man,
woman and child in the house. If they
should spare her, th.: would cany her
off into slavery, which w-i-Ll be even
worse. Oh, my child, my chud 1"
" I know not what to do," exclaimed
the bewildered father.
" There is but one thing at can be
done," said the young officer. " I'll
ride back, and rescue her if it be in my
God bless you, colonel, God bless
you 1 May heaven reward you I" ex
claimed the mother, her eyep filling with
tears as she saw the noble yo ing fellow
turn his horse and gallop down the road.
The colonel galloped on till he reach
ed the settler's house. Then riding
around to the back he looked in through
the open window. There lay the child
upon the floor asleep, grasping her dolL
Oh, Colonel Charlie, where's my
mamma ?" cried - the child when he
awakened her.
" Your mother has gone away; but I
have come to take you to her. Now,
come to the window, and I will lift you
on the horse. Be quick!"
Lifting her up before him, he clasped
her firmly about the waist, and turning
his horse's head, plunged up the road.
He could plainly distinguish the
bandits now as they were moving to
ward the house.
He had ridden about half a mile when
the Mexican band caught sight of him.
They immediately changed their course,
not directly toward him, but so as to
intercept him about midway between
the settler's home and the camp.
The colonel understood their move
ment, and knew they had a shorter dis
tance to ride. For a moment he hesi
tated and looked back ; but in that
instant he decided to move forward, for
he saw several stragglers of the band
had already reached the house.
"My horse is faster than any. of
theirs," he muttered, 'f and that ia my
only hope. Now, Hero," said he to the
thoroughbred, as he natted the horse s
arched neck, " you have a hard ride be
fore you. Now, do your level best, old
The horse seemed tp understand ; for
he pricked up his eap, and shook his
head as if eager for tto race.
"Now, my little gl, put your arms
about me, ana noiu on iigni.
You are
not afraid, are you ? '
" No ; not with yo?
she replied, as
she looked up into
handsome face.
The next moment
he young fellow's
the thoroughbred
was flying at a rapid
ate. The bandits
saw it, and with a wild yell urged their
horses at full speed.
Bapidly they shortened the distance
between them until iftey were not more
than a mile and a halapart. The col
onel saw it was a critical moment. He
glanced toward the (amp ; he saw the
wagons had already arrived, and the
soldiers were out in front of the tents
eagerly watching th race. ;
He grasped the litle girl's waist till
he hurt her, then brasing himself firmly
in the stirrups, he (aye a wild yell at
the horse. The animl sprang into the
air, and the next moaent it was flying
over the plains at suh a rate that one
misstep would have &en fatal.
Each moment the came "closer to
gether; the oolonel ws gaining rapidly
on them; but he had .'much longer dis
tance to ride. ;s . "
The excitement amaq; the soldiers in
front of the tents grel Intense as .each
moment brought them tpser and closer.
A deathlike silence fci upon the men
as the critical moment near,
"He is lost," said odb the soldiers.
" Yes, it is all over witXhim," repeat
ed another. J
A tear stood in manviaeve: for the
colonel was a favorite wintthem all.
" Look ! look,1' cried eyeral of the
men. .- ,1 -
Yes, look I When th6 bandits were
almost upon him, the hise suddenly
gave a splendid burst of leed worthy
of his blood. Was he runMg or flying ?
He was down to his work l fast.
The next moment both rties leaped
into the hollow that lay befeen them
and the camp, and were lofc to view.
Silently the soldiers watcM the hol
low. They knew it was nftwi question
of life and death, and eagerTjv almost
t -a 1 am it i 1
breatniessiv. tnev watcned tne neuit.
The next moment the colonecame
full in view from the hollow. -iJ Jo w
aIiaaf almAcf invnltintfti'il Knrnt Vikm
the men; but it soon subsided, for it
now the paramount moment. He wA
passing the Mexicans at out sevent
yards. They raised their
Runs and"?
Did he reel or fU I No; he was still
firmly seated in the saddle.
A loud cheer broke from the soldiers,
that rang far over the plains. The band
gave chase; but rapidly he widened the
distance between them.
"The colonel's safe," cried the men.
But he was not.
He was rapidly approaching a growth
of willows near a pool of water, when
suddenly a mounted Mexican sprang
from behind him armed with a revolver.
It looked as if ho bail escaped one
daner but to fall into another. He
ts 1 eo cLanoe to d-ad Limat'J. Cr.e
cn 1 il - if 3' - t '.'-"l V a r
he had to grasp the bridle; and even if
he could use it, he could not get at his
revolver. If he laid the child on the
ground, before he could defend him
self and get her again the bandits would
be upon him. So he concluded to press
The villain rushed toward him, ex
claiming as he raised the pistol and took
aim: -
" Al fin ae canta la gloria" (Boast
not till the victory is won).
At that moment there was a low re
port, scarcely audible for the distance,
and the Mexican reeled in his saddle and
fell to the earth. "
The colonel looked ahead of him, and
there, fully half a mile away, stood a
tall Kentuckian grasping a rifle which
he had just discharged.
Ihe oolonel pushed on, and as he
i ssed the soldier, the latter said:
" I rather guessed I fetched him,
" Yes; it was a splendid shot. Go
into camp. You will be corporal when
you get there."
" A corporal," muttered the tall Ken
tuckian. "Mighty lucky shot, that.
Didn't expect to be a corporal for a
year yet. Lucky shot, that, you bet 1"
In a few moments more the colonel
plunged into camp amid a wild yell of
cheers and a discharge from the battery,
which rolled over the plains and across
the river into Mexico, announcing that
the colonel had won the race. Potter's
Dangers of Wall Street.
There isn't a better place in the United
States to stay away from than Wall
street with the exception, perhaps, of
Memphis or New Orleans in a yellow
fever season. I know five men who went
there to try their luck about a year ago.
One was a confidential clerk in a foreign
house that operated largely in the
street. He was in a good position to'
get "points," and the understanding
was that the others should operate upon
tbem, letting him in for a share of the
profits in consideration of the informa
tion he should furnish. These five
formed a little ring with a cash capital
of about $50,000. They hadn't the
slightest doubt about doubling it in six
months. They were to be on equal
ground with the biggest operators so
far as " points " were concerned, and no
tuch word as fail could be found in the
lexicon of their calculations. Where
are they now 1 Well, the confidential
clerk is in a lunatic asylum. One of
the others is a street-oar conductor at
$1.75 a day. A second is clerk in an in
insurance office at ten dollars a week.
A third made his way West toward the
Black hills, and has not si ace been
heard from. The last of the party of
five still hangs aiound the street, watch
ing the indications, but unable to put
np even five dollars in a bucket-shop.
Their whole capital melted away in
three months, and they were left with
out a dollar. Here is another case: A
retired business man of my acquaint
aEce considered himself too smart to be
beaten at any game. He lived in fine
style, kept horses and a carriage, and
wss well known in society. The Wall
street fever struck him and he began to
speculate. He made out pretty well at
tho start, and that led him into larger
operations. In less than six months
from the day he put up his first $10,000
margin, he was an insolvent debtor,
with suits against him by the brokers,
through whose hands all his money had
passed I He now manages to scrape up
a cheap living as an insurance agent,
but he is hard pressed half his time for
his board. This man has told me more
than once that the affection of his wife
is the only thing that has kept him from
suicide. Scores of such warnings against
tempting the goddess of the Stock Ex
change might be given, but so long as
her wares are set, men will walk straight
into them, with their eyea open, and the
notes of warning will be raised in vain.
Caspar's" NeufYork Letter.
.' A Dreadful Death.
The Sufcro (Nev.) Independent con
tains the following account of a most
insane and fatal performance: The most
foolish bet we ever heard of was that
made last Sunday morning in George
Shaw's saloon, on Florence avenue, by
Michael Hall, that he could drink one
quart of whisky within five minutes
Hall had been drinking a good deal dur
ing the morning, and was at the time of
betting somewhat intoxicated. The sum
bet was only ten dollars : which fact
alone shows the condition of the man's
mind at the time. A quart measure was
procured and filled to the brim with
whisky, the quality of which, wo sup
pose, was about the same as that general
ly served in the mining towns in this
State. Hall put the measure of liquor
to his mouth, and without taking it
from his lips, drank it to the dregs. Be
fore a minute had passed he fell to the
floor apparently dead, and in that con
dition was at once removed to his lodg
ing-house on Helena avenue. Dr. Brier-
ly was summoned, and emetics were
given, but without producing, the de
sired result. A stomach-pump was then
applied to tne man, and more tnan a
pint of the liquor was taken from him.
Jior forty-eight hours he was unocn-
1UUB UJL wut wan guuig vu auuuu umi.
ttnammation or tne stomacn sec in, and
sufferings became intense. The
rations from the inflammations final
lv i orated his stomach, and on Thnrs.
daybt about eleven o'clock he died.
HaU?s a robust, hard-working young
man, o twenty-five years of age. He
was a na-e of Ireland, and unmarried
Hall fir
he whisky in two and a half
Every apusant a position upon a
Kentucky negaperAk first asked the
question: WVyou solemnly promise,
in case you are engaged, to discover two
caves a month ?If tha b:.zzv:t is ia
r Bert live, theVrar-: r- ii
It.. .5, rar'tc
? It is hard to tell which are the most
numerous on the Bowery, in New York
city" gents' furnishing stores " or
lager beer saloons. They are as plenti
ful in that busy street of old-fashioned
houses a 3 flies in a jug of molasses, and
about as active when "business" is
Michael Vincent, formerly famous in
France and this country as the Iron
Man, died lately in San Francisco. His
strength was enormous, one of his feats
being to lift 800 pounds from the floor
to his shoulder ; but he too often raised
a glass of liquor from a bar to his mouth,
and finally died of intemperance. .
A piece of Kungu cake from Africa
was exhibited by Bev. A. Eaton at a
recent meeting of the Entomological so
ciety of London. . It comes (rom the
region about lake Nyassa, and is made
from great quantities of minute insects.
The natives of the district whence it is
obtained subsist largely upon this cake
According to the Boston American
Bicycling Journal a party of twenty
American velocipedestrians will, in July,
take a 600-mile ride through England,
the journey ocoupying twenty days and
concluding at London. The cost to each
member of the expedition will be $120,
including cabin passage both ways and
hotel expenses in the old country.
A pony now owned by Mr. Appleton
of Ipswich, Mass., is said to be the old
est horse in New England. It was rid
den by General Caleb Cushing in Mexi
co, and brought by him to Newbury
port, from whence he found his way to
Ipswich. The animal is forty -four
years old, eats his food without difficulty,
and is always ready to do his share of
work when called upon.
George Wooly, of Prior's Lee, Shrop
shire, England, sent his wife to the
public-house for some rum. The oven
was full of bread, just baked, and during
her absence he went to take out the
loaves, when he found one of them
cracked right across. " He knew im
mediately that something had happened
to her, and on going to look for her,
found her body lying in a pool of water."
Tho Glasgow bank directors sent up
for eight months will be released on
October 1st, ' precisely a year from the
suspension of the bank. Their sentence
was pronounced at 10 a. m. on a Satur
day, and at 2 p. m. an enterprising pub
lisher had put on the street a 270-page
book, illustrated and neatly bound in
paper, containing an account of the
frauds, the prisoners and the trial, in
eluding the sentencing justice' speech
It seems that the stockholders retain
faith in the Keely motor, which pretty
much everybody else has forgotten
all about. It is said that the company
is composed of some of the shrewdest
business men in New York and Phila
delphia, and they have held their an
nual meeting in the Qaaker city. Every
body appeared contented and confident,
and one of the directors said that time
would tell the story ; he owned r 100
shares and had none for sale.
United States Senator Shields is the
last surviving general officer of the
Mexican war ; and his speech upon the
resolution providing that survivors of
the Mexican war be placed upon the
pension rolls, was listened to with atten
tion by a large audience. The general
could with difficulty make himself
heard, even when " the . audience was
quiet ; but his appearance was one to be
remembered, as he told the story of the
brave deeds done and the victories won
by the little army of a few thousand
men, which from the outbreak or the
war to the storming and capture of the
Citv of Mexiod never lost a battle nor
met with a single mishap.
Said Mr. James T. Fields, in his re
cent lecture on "Fiction," in the Brook
lyn athenseumr "I recently paid a
visit to Jesse Pomrroy, the boy who was
sentenced to be hanged for killing three
children, but whose sentence was after
ward commuted Jo imprisonment ' for
life. I asked.himif he read much. He
said that he did. What kind of books
do you read?' said I. Mostly one
kind,' he. said-' mostly dime novels.
' What is the best book that you have
read ?' I asked.' Well, I like " Buffalo
Bill " best,' he replied. It was full of
murders and pictures about murders.'
' Well,' I asked, ' how did you feel after
reading such a book ?' Oh,' said he.
I felt as if I wanted to do the same.
think." added Mr. Fields, that the
writers of such trash deserve, to speak
after the manner of Sir Thomas Browne,
pendulous suffocation."
The millers of Minnesota have been
annoyed a good deal of late by wire in
the wheat, caused by the use of wire
binding harvesting machinery At one
time the matter had become so trouble
some that they thought seriously of ad
visin the disuse of such machinery.
But a way has been found out of the
difficulty by the invention of a simple
and exceedingly ingenious device , con
sisting of four gangs of -horseshoe mag
nets, four in one and five in the other.
placed in a spout through which the
wheat passes. Numerous pieces, from
the size of a pin-head to an inch in
length, were counted and mixed, with a
quantity of wheat, and being passed
through the spout the exact number
would be found on the magnets. The
millers were highly pleased with the
workings of the simple device, and it
will be undoubtedly introduced into all
the mills. A peint of interest ia tiis
r - ,". : is r a f t that Ilia davica is r :
Note for the Orchard and Garden.
Tree seeds should be sown as early as
the ground can be worked, as it is de
sirable to get all possible growth before
the drought of summer comes on.
Peach seeds that have been kept in
boxes of earth, or mixed with earth in
heaps, should be planted in nursery
rows, three -or four feet apart. The
stones are to be separated from the
soil by means of a coarse sieve or riddle,
and only those that have cracked the
shells are planted about three inches
apart in rows, and covered two or three
inches deep. If the halves of the shell
fall away, all tho better ; the seed is to
be planted the same. Crack the stones
not loosened by a light blow upon the
Budded Stocks. Those nursery
trees that were budded last summer,
will need attention when the buds be
gin to swell, and it is known that the in
serted buds have " taken." All above
the bud is to be removed, that this bud
may have the whole nourishment sup
plied by the root. Bemove the stock
with one cut of a sharp knife, leaving
about half an inch above the bud.
Secure cions if it ha3 not been done
before. Cions when inserted, should
always be dormant, and if not already
cut, do it at once before the buds wake
Planting trees is a job that should
not be hurried. It ia not fair treatment
of a tree to put it into a hole with clods
of wet, half frozen earth around its
rootrf. If trees are received before the
ground is ready, heel them in and let
them wait. Select a dry place where
the soil is light, open a trench, and lay
in the trees in a slanting position at
at angle of forty-five degrees, one after
another, carefully covering the roots
and lower part of the stem of each with
soil. See that each tree is properly
labeled, or if there are a number of a
kind, place a stake to mark them in such
a manner that there will be no doubt
about their names when they are taken
out. Care now, will save much trouble
in future. When properly heeled in the
trees are safe for a month or more.
Late frosts are often destructive, es-
specially to peaoh trees at the South.
We advise those who fear frosts on the
well advanced buds or 'blossoms to try
the method found effective in the vine
yards on the Rhine i. e., to envelope
the trees in a cloud of smoke. Every
one has observed that frost is rarely de
posited in a cloudy night; in fact, what
ever prevents radiation, and the cooling
of the tree below a certain point pre
vents frost. A thin paper or fabric will
protect very tender plants, and even a
cloud of smoke will do the same. In
the vineyards referred to, when frost is
feared, fires are built and then damp
straw t or other litter whatever will
make a dense smudge is thrown upon
them. As frost rarely occurs except on
still nights, the smoke will not blow
away. Moreover, it is found that the
mischief is usually done within an hour
or two of sunrise, and that it is not
necessary to start the fires until then.
This method so effective in vineyards
should be equally so in peach orchards,
and we hope it will have a fair trial this
Gbapes. The distance apart will de
pend upon the method of training; if
on a regular trellis, eight feet will an
swer for most varieties. JBat vines can
be set anywhere and everywhere
against fences, . sheds, the barn, the
house; wherever there is room in the
ground for the roots and space to train
them,"put vines. If but one vine plant
"Concord." "Delaware," "Creveling,
"Wilder," "Barry" and "Eamelan'
are all good, and generally succeed,
New and excellent kinds are offered by
dealers. American Agriculturist.
Health Hints.
Nose Bleed. If the use of cold
water will not stop the bleeding, place
powdered alum in the nose and leave it
there until the wounded vein is healed
Cobns. The bark of the willow tree,
burnt to ashes, applied to the parts,
will remove all corns or excrescences on
any part of the body. ,
Sobks and UiiOEsa The juice of cel
ery, mixed with honey of roses and bar
ley-water, may be used as a gargle by
those who suffer with sres and ulcers
in the throat and mouths
Poisons. Many poisons which have
been intentionally or accidentally swat
lowed, may be rendered almost instant
ly harmless by simply swallowing two
gills of sweet oil. An individual with a
very1 strong constitution should take
nearly twice the quantity. The oil will
neutralize every form of vegetable, ani
mal or mineral poison.
Common Cuts. In case of a common
cut bind the lips of the wound together
with ara?. and put on notning else. At
it is large, lay narrow strips of sticking-
plaster obliauelv across the wound. In
some cases it is needful to draw a
needle and thread through the lips of
the wound and tie the two sides to
. Mind Toar Own Baelnea.
' Nothing but ultimate ruin stares that
farmer in. the face who does not pay
personal attention to the minute details
of his farm. There are a thousand
small leaks about the management of
an ordinary farm that, if not closely
attended to, will surely bring the mo st
hard-working farmer to ruin and bank
ruptcy. A large portion of the farmers
can attribute their present condition to
no other cause than a lack of close at
tention to the small details of .the farm.
Close supervision of the machinery,
tools, stock and their feed, a place for
everything and everything in its place.
No hired help is as much interested in
attending to these duties as the farmer
tiri-df. Cash a ccTrra would ta f..y
ft (
grade to again begin to ascend, ana i f
persevered in will surely make headway
against what would otherwise look
doubtful. Maine Farmer.
The Preservation of Forests. .
In an article with the above title in the
North American Eeviwt Felix L. Os
wald, after reviewing the disastrous ef
fects which have followed the wholesale
destruction of forests ia various coun
tries of the world, ' remarks that since
the year 1835 the forest area of the
Western hemisphere has decreased at
the average yesrly rate of 7,600,000
acres, or about 11,400 square miles ; in
the United States alone this rate has
advanced from 1.600 square miles' in
1835 to 7,000 in 1855, and 8,400 in 1876,
Between 1750 and 1835 the total aggre
gate of forests felled in South and Cen
tral America (especially in Southwestern
Mexico), and in the Eastern, Southern
and Southwestern States of our republic,
may be estimated at from 45,000,000 to
50,000,000 acres. In other words, we
have been wasting the moisture supply
of the American soil at the average ratio
of seven per cent, for each quarter of a
century during the last one hundred
and twenty-five years, and are' now fast
approaching the limit beyond which any
further decrease will affect the climatic
phenomena of the entire continent.
If we consider how the agricultural
products of the eastern continents be
come from year to year luora inadequate
to the wants of their still-growing popu
lation, we may forsee thd time when the
hope of the world will depend upon the
productiveness of the American soil ;
but that productiveness depends on the
fertilizing influence of the American
forests. If they are gone we shall have
on earth no newer world to hope for
no future Columbus can alleviate the
struggle for existence. To stay such a
catastrophe the author suggests that in
every township, where the disappear
ance of arboreal vegetation begins to af
fect the perennial springs and water
courses or the fertility of the fields, a
space of fifty acres should be appropri
ated for a " township grove," en oasis
to be consecrated forever to Bhade trees,
birds' nests, picnics and playing chil dren.
In all new settlements, where a
remnant of the primeval forests has sur vived,
let the woods on the upper ridges
or on the summits of isolated hills be
spared by mutual agreement of tho pro
prietors. In the treeless regions of the
great West not only the amateur socie
ties, but every grange and farmers'
union of every county, should devote
themselves to the work of tree culture ;
and every landed proprietor should see
to it that the boundaries of his estates
be set with shade trees, and that the
wooden fences be supplanted by quick
set hedges. Let fruit trees be planted
wherever there is a piece of ground
neither otherwise occupied nor absolute
ly barren ; and be pure that their influ
ence on the atmosphere in summer and
their fertilizing leaves in fall will more
than indemnify the adjoining fields for
the modicum of sunlight they may in
tercept. Any State where these pre
cautions should be generally adopted
would soon be so unmistakably distin
guished by the unfailing humidity and
freshness of its fields and the abundance
of ,its crops, that the sheer necessity of
competition would induce backward
neighbors to try the experiment, and be
fore long the maxim would -not only be
generally recognized, but generally act
ed upon, that husbandry and tree oul
ture are inseparable. Scientific Amer
Mnsical Beaches.
Most lovely of the beaches is that
known as the " singing " or the " musi
cal lands," at Manchester, Mass., said
to be one of the finest of the few of its
kind known in the world. Hugh Miller
describes one which he visited in the
bay of Laig, among the Hebrides, and
he thought that the third only that had
been discovered, one of the other two
being in Arabia Petrea; but another is
mentioned near Fort Macon, in Georgia,
and one among the mountains of Switzer
land. A gentleman who, is somewhat
familiar with geology, and who has
traveled over a large part of the Massa
chusetts coast, says that he has found
small, patches of the singing eand on
several beaches, a bit at Bookport, at
Dana's or ' Grave's beach," and on Plum
island, off Newburyport. He ascribes
the sound to some quality in the rocks
of the beach, whose crystals, being dis
integrated and transformed into the
sand, give forth that peculiar ring. In
the case of this Manchester beach, the
end farthest from " Eaglehead " is most
susceptible, and when the sand is per
fectly dry on the landward side, it gives
forth a very melodious tone, not unlike
the fine prolonged sound produoed when
glasses are struck together, it being
especially distinct if the feet are drawn
swiftly over it. It seems in some degree
electrical, as the person who thus scram
bles through it experiences a certain
tinkliner sensation in the soles of the
feet. . - - . - -
Why Ho Kan Away.
Mr. Francis Bar, very well known in
Milan, was in his room counting some
money which he had just reeeived, when
his barber was announced. That per.
sonage appeared and commenced opera
tions, when suddenly he threw bis razor
on the floor and ran out of the room.
They caught him and asked an explana
tion. ";.', .
"Well." he confessed at last, "the
sight of the gold was too much for me.
If I had not run away I would have out
Mr. Bar's throat and robbed him.
Mr. Bar presented the. barber with
twenty dollars. Paris Letter.
An exchurrs stye : " Alaoiiol
t -' . - 1 ? f m . ... i- '
- V IS
t Ui" ' k it' i "
The first mail Adam.
The man who keeps the pledge The
Tennyson loves English farm-life ia
its most practical way.
That was an exciting race, wnen
woman's eyes ran with tear?.
Amonor London's 4.000,000 or mor
people there are 88,663 paupers.
Some men (ret rich and fail, some fail
and get rich, but most fail to get rich.
The man who turned down a ttreet
was the same who bent over a precipice.
The vounir lady who took gentle
man's fancy has returned it with thanks.
Philadelphia claims a population of
900,000 on the basis of her last directory. -
Stockings are worn lonz this season-
by those who cannot pay their washbills
The man who carries his railway
ticket in bis hat-band makes a fare die-
Wear vour - store, cot jour tore,
clothes when yon go to eee her even
ings. Storms trenorally are a mystery, but
you can always see the drift of a snow
An immense advantage Keeping on
top in a rough-and tumble fight with
the world.
Seventy per cent, of the deaths in
New York last year occurred in the ten
ement houses.
Totiar Yow. an actor in the Boyal
Chinese theater, San Francisco, is paid
at the rate of $6,700 a year.
The man who sighed for the wings of
a dove probably did not know that the
legs were much better eating.
To eet the sack" is from the French
but a young man does not care where
it is from so long aa it is not from his
A farmer when whipping two of his
unruly boys was asked what he was
doing. " Threshing wild oata," was his
" I say, my little eon, where does the
right hand road go?" "Don't know.
sir; 'taint been nownere since we uvea
A British professor estimates that
bees, to collect a pound of honey from
red clover-heads, would nave to mue
2,500,000 visits.
A Michigan editor advertises bis paper
for ale. savin x that he desires to put
many hundred miles more between him
self and his mother- in-aw.
The United States has 179.204 miles
of telegraph wire. Great Britain 108,000
miles, Russia 31,000, France XO.UJU,
Canada 20,000, and Germany 19,000.
A recent analysis of twenty-one popu
lar Lair restorer" and hair dyes now
in the market, showed that fifteen of
them contained poisonous quantities of
The hnmaa heart is six inches in
length, four inches in diameter, and
beats seventy times per minute, 4.500
times per hour. 100.800 per Csj ana
26,817,200 times per year.
Anions the names in the Philadelphia
directory are Zuschmitt, Yrigoyen, Za-
krzeweki, Yungmehel, tJchwiizgoozie.
QaickenJugfel, Pcqnignot and Oohi-
In Michigan, etianette permits a bride
to Im married " without gloves." which
induces tho abandoned Buffalo Express
to remark. ' Precisely the way tne
handles her husband.
That was a Rood thoush rather a se
vere pun which was made by an Edin
burgh student when he asked, Why is
Prof. the greatest revivalist or tne
ago?" and, on all " giving it np," said,
'Because at the end of every sermon
there is great awakening."
Oh, who wou'd live forever
In this Uland land,
I a thing that we cjuld never
Understand. .
The day may come and go,
Tb north wind fiercely blow,
Covering everything with snow
That' quite simple.
But what make a buckwheat cake,
Cause a pimple?
Information at the department of
agriculture 'in Washington shows that
the hog cholera is both infectious and -contagious,
and the only way to prevent
the spread of the disease is to kill the
animal. It is estimated that swine of
the value of $20,000,000 to $30,000,000
perish every year.
The Russians have made a remarkable
collection of sponges from the northern
parts of the Caspian sea. In shape they
resemble carpets, eggs, and spheres ; in
color they t are wonderfully brilliant,
ranging from pale yellow to bright red.
They were found at a depth of two hun
dred and fifty feet. '
To Bleep the sun sinks slowly in the hill.
And all the western stony winter tUea
A flashing flood of flitting color fill,
Full fair enough for skiea of Paradise.
like some great dome of iridescent gema.
Lit by a thousand lurid, flickering fires;
Like nature' lostrousest of diadex;
Like like ah! the poverty of Uuguayew
like, say, the picture on a circa-wagon.
' Louisville CcmritT-Journal.
A teacher in one of the public schools
was startled the other day at the answer
she got from one bright little fellow.
On the blackboard was the picture of an
ostrich, and the teacher described its
great strength and power of endurance,
dosing by saying it was the only bird
upon which a man ooold ride. " I
know another," rpoke up a little chap.
"Well, wLU ia it?" "A lark." Un
snrpectins'y t!.o tetter asked: " Cow
crayon r-nj r j-ny?" "All I
l-ryihc ; ; r l C i tc-y. "iiCr
r -? " i " " r-i V A
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