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V . :i ' " vi 'V -if -.'-i ':i ,i'4;rt..wjv.-:,5ii ;v ft ' KJfcHi I i StffeVJ MJD LABORERS' IDlOCdTE. I bl terms v-oiite dollar in adVaie i6liWICH CT, MONDAY MORNING NOVEMBER 28, 1836. VOL. 1, IfO. 1 'EQUITY IS THE BOND OF HUMAN SOCIETY." . . . ...... " ' . ' '- f - 1 ' 1 1 J "11' I ' ' . ' T - - - ; 1 i' ill: I L;l 4! THE ADVOCATE BLI8HEIH 05 MOKDAV Of EACH WERC, BT J, HOLBR0OK, TT All Comyiunicaiions intended for this ixmer Letters on business, fyc., must be addressed (POSTAGE PAID,) to the Publisher oj the Mechanics Advocate. O In : every ease of neglect, to comply with the ad vance terms, the name of the person thus delinquent will he erased from the subscription list after the second num ber sha'l hate been forwarded. The Adcocute will be the medium of advertising only so far us the advertisements concern that portion of t)ic community among wlwm it is expected ciyefiy to circulate. 1 .' 1 . 1 From the Morning Post. THE POOR MAN. "What man is poor ? not he whose brow Is bathed in Heaven s own light, Whose knee alone to God must how ; At morning and at night Whose arm is nerved by healthful toil, Who Bits beneath the tree, Or treads upon the fruitful soil, With spiiits calm and free. Go let the proud his gems behold, And view their sparkling ray .. No silver vast or yellow gold Can banish care away lie cannot know the thrilling dream Which smiles within the cot, Where sunny brooks and faces gluam, To cheer the poor, man's lot. What man is poor ? not he whose brow Is wet with Heaven's own dew, Who breathes to God the heart-felt vow, Whose pledge is deep and true ; The morning calls his active feet To no enchanting dome, But evening and the twilight sweet Shall light his pathway home. And there is music in his ear In the glad voice of his child, His wife with hurried stejw draws near, And spirit undented Then turn not from the humble heart, Nor scorn its cheerful tone ; , . For deeper feelings there starts Than the proud have ever known A VISIT TO THE CITY OF JERUSALEM. To the Editors ok the Courier . We arrived at 9 o'clock P. M. on the 16 th of July, at tho gates of the once famed city of Jerusalem. At the time we arrived the gates werj closed, and we had to undergo many cere monies previous to our rdmittance. Our guides conducted us to an uncient convent, and seeing no prospect of obtaining a b jtter abide, we all ; concluded to " take the veil," and make it our : rendezvous during our stay. After despatching i a hasty meal, such as we had with us, we re- tired to rest. Our only b3ds were mats, laid upon a stone floor. We were obliged to pro J vide, and cook all our own food ; even the commsn comforts of life could not be had at aijy price. , It is well known f t Jerusalem is an inland town, situated about 40 miles east of the sea coast. It is enclosed Avith a wall about twenty feet high, and five feet thick, with tjveral gate ways. David made it the coital of his kim?- doin. From this period till the time of the Em peror Vespasia, it was destroyed by one con queror and rebuilt by another, until it met its fi nal destruction by Titus the Roman General. Jerusalem, in its most nourishing state, was di vided into four parts, and each part enclosed v ithin its own walls. The first was the city of David", built on Mount Zion, where he erect--cd a castle and palace, which became the resi dence of himself and his successors, and on this account received its name. The second was the lower city, called the Daughter of Zion, IleTe Solomon built his two magnificent tern pies, one for himself and one for his Queen. Here also was the stately amphitheatre built by Herod, capable of containing 80,000 spectators. There was a new city, which was chiefly in habited by tradesmen, merchants, &c. On Mount Moriah, was built the far-f .med temple of Solomon, which was rebuilt by the Jews, on their return from Oabylon, and afterwards built almost anew, and greatly adorned and enrich ed, by Herod, a description of which would not add any thing new to w'hat is'already known. From this place we proceeded to Mount Cal vcry, which we ascended by a flight of marble steps, and, although the scene of this divine in t3rpwknn of mercy in behalf of the human race, is now very circumscribed. Vet, miffir.ient proof remains for every unprejudiced mind to realize its identity. Tho place of the crucifix, ion, and the triumph of the God made man, over ma King oi terrors, is indicated by a marble slab of variegated colors, which n one is permitted to ireaa upon on any occasion .whatever. An alter is now raised on the spot where the Re. dcemer suffered, and on each side of it a hole is discovered in the rocks, said to have fa:;en oc. cupied by the Crosses of the two thieves who were crucified with him- About 14 foet tlis tance to th3 left of the alter, is seen the rent nr cleft i i the rock, said to have been occasioned by the earthquake, at the time of the crucifix. ion ; tne rent is ab jut a span wide at its upper part, and two deep, aftur which it closes ; but it opens again bjlow as is seen in another chapel contiguous to the side of Calvery,and descends to an unknown depth, in tha earth. , That this rent was made by the earthquake that happened at the Lord's passii, there is only tradition to prove. But that it is a natural and genuine breach, the sense and reason of any one that sees it, will convince him, for the sides of it fit like two tallies to each other, and yet it runs in such intricate windings, as could not bz counterfeited by art, nor arrived at by any means which the genius of man could invent. On leaving this spot, we descended by the same flight of steps ; the rock on which it is said that Christ was crowned, was next shown to us. It is built over with a marble enclosure, in the front pf whic1: is an iron?ratino-.thrnivrf, xvh'.h visitors have to look, in order to get a view of iu wvur me stone is a large painting of the circumstance. Proceeding frora this place a short distance, we arrived, bv a flio-ht r.r l d atana at me noiy Weil, or Vault, the situation of which is designated by a marble slab, that is not permitted to.b-j removed. This is said to ba the spot w here, after okwing awy TheancTent ruins, the Empress Helena found the roal cross on which the Messiah suffered. After leaving the well and descending the same flight of steps, we were shown a chambor or grotto, where, (according to the account of the Friary) Christ was confined while the crown of thorns was preparing. No circumstance of the kind, how ever, is recorded in the Scripture, and conse. quently the only authority we have of its truth, is that given by the Friars attendant nn rh snnf These comprise all of note within the walls of tne cnurcn ot the Holy Sapulchrc. We proceeded on until we came to an arch, on the further side of which stand th f.m.a waw IUI11VUU Saracenic Mosque, built by the Caliph Omar, and which covers a part of the site of Solomon's Temple. After b3ing detained a considerable A 1 j 1 1 ume at me door, by the enquiries of theSacris tan, as to who we were, and the object of our visit, (for but few. christians have ever entered this Mosque,) we at length gained admittance, and we entered with a ffentle nd nniaplrfiH step, although there was no person near, who could have boen alarmed by the loudest sound of our bare feet upon the marble floor. We were here shown the elegant marble walls, the beautiful ceiling, and the well where the true worshippers drink and wash. Our attendant next unlocked the door of the iron railing, which separates the outer from the inner part of the iuosque, and Dy an elevation of three steps, led us into the sacred recess. Here he nointod nut the patches of Mosaic in the floor, and the round flat stone which the Prophet carried on his arm in battle ; he then directed us to put our hand through the hole in the wooden box. to fcel the print of the Prophet's foot, and through the posts oi rne wooden rail to feel as well as to see the mark of the angel Gabriel's fingers, on the sa cred stone, which occupies the centre of the Mosque, and from which it derives the name of Sakhard, (or lock up,) and over which is sus pended a fine cloth of green and red satin. The interior fully corresponds with the mag nificence and boauty of the outside, and it is by far the most splendid edifice in Jerusalem. Its numerous arcades, splendid dome, nob!e area, ond high state of preservation render it, espe cially when the pilgrims are passing to and fro in their imposing costumes, a most niagaificent display of Moslem superstition. Our next visit was to the Mount of Olives. whichj shall give you in my next. Y. Falling S tars. In the Scotsman of the 29th July, 1835, we gave an account of an ex. traordinary fall of, meteors over a space of a thousand miles, in North America, on the 13th of November, 1833. A similar phenomenon Was observed in 1831 aeain in 1835. in Ohio. and at Orenburg in.Russia : by Humboldt also, in 4fa i and all about the same period, namely, the middle of November; In 1833 the mete- ors continued the whole night : and it was oh. served that they seemed 1o 'radiate from one point. This point did not shift with the chance oi me earth's position on Its axis, but followed the apparent motion of the stars: in other words. it cbntiriued fixed in one part of the heavens, (in gdmnia Leo iis.) Their height was estima. ted at 2000 miles. From these and other facts, Professor Olmsted, of Yale Collecre. concluded that tha falling stars were portions of a nuhda or body of fine combustible vapor, probably like me tan ot a comet, revolving round the sun in six months, which portions were detached from the rest by the earth's attraction, and falling with immense rapidity, took fire whan thev ,t ... reached our atmosphere. The subject has not escaped the attention of M. Arago, whose pro found knowledge of physics entitles his opinion to great weight. He has adverted to it in a pa per, of which we have a translation in tho Ed. inburgh Philosophical Journal for July. He mentions observations made in France in No vember, 1835, confirmatory of the Deriodic.il occurrence of the meteors; rejects the idea of their onanatino; within the atmosohnra: and alluding to the grand display of them in Ameri ca in says : It is scarcely possible at present to see any othermode of explaining the 8t6mshinff appearance of thnsR hnrlies. rh iropp7lJgt2wf besides the large planets, there ... J j l. 1 in ii . i. muvtro rounu me sun mynaos oi small bodies, which are not visible except when they pene trate into our atmosphere, and there become in flamed ; that some of these asteroids move in a certain sense in groups, and that others are in sulated." Again he says : AH these facts tend more and more to confirm us in the b3lief that there exists a zone composed of millions of small bodies whose orbits meet the plane of the ehptic to wards the point the earth occupies every year, from the 11th to the 13th of November. It is a new planetary world just beginning to be re vealed to us." M. Arago's idea is, that mil lions of globules, or small parcels of nebulous matter, circulate round the sun in a vortex or whirlpool which crosses the earth's path about the middle of November ; and some of these. drawn from their course by the earth's at traction, take fire when they reach the at mosphere, and assume the form of shooting star.s. He suggests that they should by lo;kel for at the opposite point of the ecliptic about the end of April, and alludes to an observation of Messier, who saw, in June, 1777, at mid-day, " a prodigirus number of black globules pass across the sun for abt five minutes." Might not these b asteroids ? This hypothesis ex plains the facts batter than Professor Olm sted's ; for ve may suppose millions of these small nebuhus bDdies revolving at all distan ces and angles round the sun, but distributed unequally; sme moving singly, some in groups or circular trains, and coming in contact with the earth at any point of its orbit, less or more frequently, less or more abundant in that part of space through which it is moving at the time. We would thus ac count for the occasional appearance of falling stars at all seasons of the year. The old notion that they were trains of hydrogen, or some other combustible gas existing in the atmosphere, and aecidently inflamed, is found to be untenable. Scotsman.. From Vie Norfolk Beacon. We all house ourselves too much, keep the fresh air out of our houses, and particularly from our sleeping rooms, and thereby create a sensi tiveness to .cold, w hich even the confined at mosphere of the house w ill not suffer to be in dulged with impunity. Dr. Franklin invaria- bly slept with his chamber window aliihTbr! .uiaiAi, aim ueu me cold oath in winter as in summer, on rising from bed, and he rarely suf. fered during a term of eighty years, from colds. Mr. Jefferson followed a similar plan, batlimg" his feet at all seasons, in cold water as he rose from bed, and he tells us in one of his letters that throughout a life of pitrhtv wM vnoni ha did not suffer from a cold or cough oftener than " once in every eight or ten years of that period Other names might bo mentioned to prove be.. yond question the practicribilifv nf coughs and colds, and their dangerous cons"' quinces, but 'tis already clear that it has been uu,iB, una mat it may bi done again. But our object was to call the attention of those to whom the nurture of children is assigned, to the impropriety of exposing their necks with, out sufficient protection to the severity of the weather, the adsiirdity of which conduct is,, more app.:;-ent when it is considered that stout, and hearty men take good care to use cravats, ., or stocks, during the mildest weater. Dr. Eb erle has taken up the subject, however, and we copy from one of the northern journals his no tions on the case : Warm Clothing, vs. Croup. Ebcrle in his excellent work on the diseases of children, says the mode of clothing infants with their necks and upper part of the breast bare, cannot fail to render them more subject to the influ. enc. of cold, and its dangerous consequences. In this country, especially among the Germans who are in the habit of clothi viHiUl V,li in such a manner as to leave no part of the breast and lower portion of th3 neck exposed, viuup 13 uu exceeding n.ro disease. Whereas, in cities, or among peoolc of dress common in cities, this frightful disease is, in proportion to the population, vastly more lVcMcnt. During a practice of six veurs among the "Pennsylvania Dutch." hr, n't th k.,f Z single case of this affection ; and this case oc curred in a family, who had adopted the present um,usiu 1I,uuy oi sunenng the neck and upper part of the breast to remain uncovered. Original Anecdote of ' Ethnn J? i "."ii. xil UIU gentleman in Vermont 1ms rr.M ..a ar. of Ltnan Allen, the revolutionary hero, which "CC1 m print, but which is nev. erthelcss historically true. About 40 years since, Allen was sued for a note of about one hundred pounds. As it was not nw.: him to pay it, he employed Chittenden, the law. yer, to manage the case in Court, and get it put over to the next term. When the case came on Chittenden accordingly appeared, and, as the note was signed by a witness, who lived at ft , distance, he got up and denied the signature, ' knowing that the witness could not be pro- . duced during the session, nnrl ha d.,u obtain the delay his client wished. The denial of the signature, therefore, w is a mere finesse, aim penecuy understood bv the Court ; bat Al. len chanced to be in the court house at the time and he viewed tho matt-r r,,, .. light. Rushing up to the bar of th Court, and vuiuj. ma gIganuc nsts, he made the fol lowing address : Lawyer Chittenden ! I did not employ you to come here and tell a bare, faced he ! I did sign the note, and I won't de ny it, mav it please your honors ! thnt's my sig nature, and that's a good note. I honestly owe the money, and mean honestly to pay it. All I want is that your honors should pu it over, to the next Court, and by that timp I shall have the cash from Boston, and will pay every far. thing ofit." The result was that by consent of' parties, the case was continued to next term. Such M ere the notions of olden times that he could not bear even a fiction of law to deny the ob ligation of a Taper to which his signature was at tached.Dedham Patriot. Caise or SmwRscKn.-Some eenffemaii has addressed us a communication in Frerwh, the sub. stance of which is-That insurance is effected unsafe vessels with too little scrutiny, lu this. h thinks the Insurance Offices in the w8 ss bv Z floing, not wly is inducement offered tfrwid but the lives of aenmen are exposed an sacrificed ta the avarice of the wickwlflf this h, kZrlh consider, let those, interes d proCt bv it-M,7 .Virror.