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MECHANICS', OPERATIVES', AND LABORERS' ADVOCATE.
ft 11 n-i'.r A v :r... : 9 . I - "---.'Sr-- --v- 'We stand iros the .ikincii'i.f.s or everlasting .ilWTIOE, AND NO HUMAN -POWER SHAM. DRIVE IS JUROI OUR POSITION. $re undeJandttlwrejie povjbejng inhe couwe of dqftvery, a erio.of'lyrsjjijevirchillistory cqn tennially ; including the philosophy prevalent in -its Adifrrqnt,iighy .the Rey. Mr.Gra,vqsof.tlu! .Baptist Society, who js said to.be a very able lecturer. As the religion of a people is a subject of deep interest, and one of which every body should "be acquainted with. is rise, progressed vacant' circumstance? ;,we would recommend to our patrons in this vicinity, es pecially Jhe JLQjmgerjwrtitiflo attend upon these lec tures, as the most ready means of acquiring a knowl edge w hich it behooves every one to possess. . T2I 32 ADVOCATE, NORWICH, NOVEMBER 28, 18:. Now that .Thanksgiving has past, and the Election is over, we may all with propriety attend to cur sever- aT interests, provided that we do not infringe upon, the rights of others. And first to, begin with ourself. Al though we have a very respectable and encouraging ljpt of subscribers, and much beyond our early expec tations-; yet, as this paper is at the Joiccst price, an augmentation of our1 list with an increased circulation, would be desirable. This hint we throw out hoping it will not be lost upon any individual who hath the means of lending us his aid. And as most of our sun seribers have the ability, we trust to soon experience the1 benefit of this call. Of which, one at our elbow r.emaiks,:that the benefit would be of reciprocal ten dency, .as'in an enlarged circulation, -the-producing claijs would derive great advantage. iAnd to that great class.wliich comprises the most of o.ar subscribers, and for the benefit of which we toilj we would .recommend that it considers-itself though of many branches as one tree of which to permit -a sick loot or branch to continue sickly, would be to per mit the attachment of a canker that would impede, i not prevent its growth. Buf, to drop metaphor, let it be a fundamental principle that ye stand by one an other. Unite, and consider yourselves, as one grea family of brothers, and let no member of any tiade or occupation suffer by oppression. ""Lnited we stand, divided we lull, is a maxim that every member of the producing clnss should keep in -constant emembrance. And we most earnestly exhort, every one individually, to attend to, and profit by: theexhortation. 'With -respect to education. Let your principal at tention be directed to the acquirement of that knowl edge without which, all other will preve to be of una' vaiUble interest, Viz. a perfect understanding of tl principles of fi'donil government, by tlenioerMio rnpre- sentation. For, rest assured, that on the general in formation of the great mass which constitutes the pro ducjii"- class on this all important subject, depends our reasonable and well grounded hope of so perfecting our system, as that our present liberties may be per petuated. That the young farmer should acquire a knowledge of the various manures, and how and where to apply with a thorough acquaintance .with husbandry in gen eral,' is requisite. That the young mechanic should be so 'far proficient in mathematics and chemistry, as to be enabled to pursue his business to the' best advam tare; is necessary. And that they till should acquir. that knowledge of man and men, and his habits, and their customs, which is necessary to protect them froirt the--Wiles and oppressions of others, is absolutely re quisite. 'And yet, this knowledge may be acquired, and still time enough left to attend to, and acquire a perfect knowledge of the " one thing''. so pre-eminently "j nod dful" in free government. they must jewmtyallv tfid tpva jgupeiwribtcer-ac- anoitr. exploded form, .politeness, still universa knowledge the 'jusijiwsa of out -deuiandB, nnjl, practice hee." jjtjarjg.i4 pleasure I had i! from your c'ortirfany.tl'm" last time we met" It is a -r.. Jt For the Advocate. 'To the younger portion of the producing ciuss.-To those of you my younger brethren and fellow citizens, who have or will have come to the high resolve of making yourselves competent at all points to partici pate in the affairs of government, reduction of labor hours as'is, sought for 'by -those who advocate the ten hour system, would doubtless. fee, a great .blessing, be-: cause it. would afford .you .ample , time for that study andithose reflections which ,aue,so indispensable , to those who would attain-to the.worthy object we have in.vie.y. But to those ,of you -(if : .any there be) who strive for such. reduction with the.-sole yiewipf haying more time for amusements, I entertain many fears that it would in the end, , prove to. he. injurious t.o .yourselves in its consequences. And those fears are . derived from a knowledge of that law. of our nature under .which .we all, incline to either indolence or dissipation whenever the body ceases to, labor, and . the mind descends from its intellectual pursuits. Idleness may be defined to be a state in which both body and mind ceases to labor, arid which constitutes that tearful state in which we are the most vulnerable to temptation a state that all of us should hold in hhrhest dread, and especially the youth. Uut;to seek relaxation from manual labor that we may acquire thrj knowledge of whatever is requisite for those who would be useful in society, is-highly -commendable. That you will, on due reflection as a body, strive1 for a reduction of labor hours, solely for the purpose1 of gaining that knowledge, the general diffusion of which is so indispensable to the preservation of our happy systems, I feign would trust. -And, whenever the time may come in which such ' high resolve shall have become manifest, every objectioik to the measure that can possibly be urged, will weigh not a feather in the estimation of those who are skilled in the science of iree governnivnt. equal,'l-70ught.tp,Ujip,ciiwttl,jyid.die(cqual. Launch. A steamer of the most beautiful model and exquisite workmanship, was launched on. Satur day .last from the ship yard of George W. Clark, Esq. of this city. This, we understand, is the first experi ment of the experienced builder in this branch of ship building, and its result is highly creditable to him.' Bi t, as we are informed, it is no more than was anti cipated 'by those who .have - noticed the superior style heretofore exhibited by him in the various departments of hisjprofesslon. .Winter Old winter seems to have come in-earnest. And now that the evenings are long, would it 'not be well for our ycur.g mechanics to get up u deba ting society ? Societies of this sort, may be made to conduce to the most important interests. We printers, who may per haps with impunity, be somewhat proud of an occupa tion once graced av.i honored by a Frcn'.ihi. are prme to offer him as an example to ail young men. And we. are so fortunate herein as to have the icor.d on ou; side in this respect. Franklin's labors with, the compeers of his youth in the work of self-instructing, were attended with the greatest success and followed by national benefits. His matured opinions on these favorite societies for mutual instruction, may be gathered from his autobi ography, which, together with his entire works should be in the hands of every young man, whatever may be his station in life. , For the Advocate. Slit, r'lil'j ii iThe enerouoluin nts uf, aristocracy m our widely extended republic, cannot be too carefully watched and marded against. It is a wilv and untir ing adversary toerunl rights and rational liberty. So insidious are its workings, .that . it oftentimes eludes the most vigilant eye until its subtle designs are ma tured and burst forth I ke a volcano to the great aston ishment of its intended victims. This arch spirit of darkness is making rapid strides to power and influence in our land ; and it cannot wisli for a better auxiliary than the manufacturing in terest under its present system of regulations. Every manufacturing establishment is a little monarchy of itself, under the guidance of a few master spirits whose sway over the nrnds of the youthful operatives in their employment, is about as absolute as that of the sceptred monarch who directs the mind of a na tion with Ins nod. In the exercise of this dangerous power, they are very sure to loose that sympathy and fellow feeling which ever ought to exist between man and man. especia'ly those-of the same community .and so extensive has this branch of industry become, that the patriot and philanthropist well may shudder at the future prospects of their beloved country. The once happy state of New England society has undeigone a complete change ; her. blooming fiiir ones that once kiid hold of the "spindle and distaff"' at the domestic five-side. lias been drawn to .the purlieus of oppression, temptation, and may we not add, vice ? Tens of thou sands of our children and youth are now cloi.-itfred in the factories, unprotected by the paternal arm, and uu sooi.hod, by the tender sympathies of the maternal bo som. In this situation, that spirit of independeice and self respect which ought to be cherished in the bosom of every free Ann rican. ?s liable to become extinct. Is there not indeed too much danger that these national blossoms will become blighted in the atmosphere of confinement and privation r We think there is; and that after ages must reap the bitter fruit of their de generacy. But is there no redemption for die 'world's last hope r" In this, we are confident her deliver ance is certain the people are waking up to a rediiz ing sense of their true situation, and must, and will aoply t'ne corrective. Let every Class of producers ExTRioRDiXAJir explosion. At the Liverpool Post Oijicf;, onthe 20th $ept usthe, clerk was stamp ing' the fpreign letters and paqkets, a . dreadful ex plosion occurred, froin one of the packages having benn filled with' powder. 'Every clerk was stunned but Barnard, ti c stamper, ' was shockingly injured. His face was completely denuded of. the. skin,. and one of his eyes was.forced.bacbyardsyith such vi olence that its use. as.an'.organ of vision, is lost ir recoverably, the thumb'-nai'I of the left hand was torn off, and, what is more extraordinary, was shot through-the left cheek. The. poor man is in a very dano-erous state, though .hopes are entertained. of his recovery. liy dates to. the (ith , ult, it appears that the fellow who contrived this catastrophe has been detected. lie had been crossed in love atMa tanzas the father of the young lady having attempt ed to take his life by poisoning his soup and setting tlip . nflrrifis .on him. The .package of letters was addreWhp the father in hopes that he would get b'lowed lip by its contents a very shallow device indeed. The fellow was remanded to Newgate for his folly and wickedness. Christmas Presents. gome one has said that whoever causes two blades of grass to grow where but one was previously roared, is a public henetac- tor ; certain it is that h,e who causes . a thrill of joy in an innocent breast,, lias .not lived in , vain. As the holidays approach we are reminded of the sea sons of bijoiis, of Keepsakes, and' Forget-Me-Not's, and begin to look round for' appropriate presents for the dear one," perchance a, wife, a fair haired ckuDrhter,or a " sister, dear." Who cui forget the halcyon days . .of eir young existence, ere the cankpr worm ot care nas stolen the rose from the " downy cheek," and scattered its silver trophies on the brow ? The heart beats faster at the retrospection of those, alas : too neeung years, when the soul revelied. the joyousnesa oi . young nature, ere it had iblt the .blighting. influence , of a contact with the, cares and follies of the world. No :dav in the vear is, to the voting so tedious iri its return, as "Merry-Christmas" and none half so welcome or blessed, on its ax-rival, especially in the country, where jolly, .old St. Nicholas, alias Lhns kink'.t, travels abroad over night to fill the stockings of the haRPV-iienrted girls tinrl boys, (who have been o-ood and obedient since his lust visit,) with dolls, sugar plums, etc. . "Children of a Lrgor growth" too, are delighted with giving and receiving many beautiful and choice articles prepared for the occasion, to be kept as fond remembrances of the beloved givers, i ms ancient and honorable custom we would fain eoe universal ;. .every body should make presents accord inir to their means, and, as the most rational and ac ceptable, are books be ye therefore , prepared with one of the many shining volumes, which deck the crowdedjshelves of our city booksellers. rlaladei phia Mirror. The Bible. What js the reason that the Bible is at the present day so" generally banished from schools as a book of ' exercising and reading ? Does any other book afford greater variety for exercising a pupil in the art of readinp; ? If riot read at school will-it be so likely to be .read .in after life? If not read and studied in youth, can its truths and moral precepts be so strongly impressed on the mind in after life ? Would it not be better to make the Bible a class-book for reading lessons in all our schools? Has not the banishment of this book from our schools, for so long . a period, b'ien one of the causes operating to pave the way for the goneral lawlessnes and monocracy at present stalking over the land ? Can any one vehtr.ie to answer this question in the negative? If this cannot be an swered in the. negative,, ou ht not the friends of Christianity to have -i I; speedily restored, to our schools I Wheeling. Times. compliment of recognition, which it would be ex- trsmely rude to neglect. The common people gne " 1 ak lor sideste to the Swedish peasants of Jen -teland who have come across the Fjlde, and whom they have certainly pot seen since the preceding year's snow ; and then, possibly, only in taking a drumftqgathpr. A:hborpr .neyv .piises.aijother.Rt work, or at his meal, without a complimentary ex pression, wishing Jiim luck in his lahor, or .good from his meah In ,ad(itipn . to these, .perhaps not alogether usclessifoxms, t'hare .are "the ordinary in quiries after friends, at home, and compliments, and remembrances sent and received: in due abundance. Leung's Norway. Pork. Among the reports of the Worcestej Agricultural Society, is 'a humorous one by the Committee upon Swine, which concludes in tl-6 following strain : "In concluding the detail of their doings the committee feel it, their duty to remark, that a sol emn crisis in th.e affairs of swine impending WJien corn has been frozen and potatoes parcljea, when the deposites.of -the.raneries hav.e1b.e,en.,remoyed, and the. desolate fieljds yield no surplus, the inipuiry arises with'startlirig forc,e, what can the pigs do ? It comes home to the pot and plate of every lover of his country. .Our lands, our liberties, our wives, our children are, dear, and Qiir pork is dear also, and grows dearer day by day. The subject is one of vast relations. Where would be patriotism without pork? where virtue, where valor, where ancient faith, where modern degeneracy, without swine ? The soul of honor cannot ba sustained without the body of bacon. The lamp of love would burn dim without spar.eribs. The very, face of fashion would grow rough without bristles to beautjfy its'smooth ness." " But although the. prospects of the race have been gloomy. as, the clouded heavens, that constan cy and unconquerable resolution, .alluded to by the President, have been found in- the pens. The spir it of the Pilgrim's pig.- still animated' their succes sors. Beneath the stormy clouds, the committee have heard no swine swear, they have seen none el evating their spirits by depressing other spirits none stopping to smoke long nines or chew pig tail, There has beep no unswinish repining at the allot ments of Providence. The only boar of the festi val was noticed to .wipe his eyes, with- hia fore foot instead of a pocket handkerchief, as if in tears : but it was ascertained that he was only brushing a way the rain drop's. Such firmness, in wet 'and af fliction, deserves the wish that, it may be' rewarded by sleeping many a long summer ,day,in all the lux ury of mud, with the soft green, ear,h beneath, and the bright blue sky above." Remarkable Fact. -Some late experiments by M. Namias. of Vienna, on the blood of persons.who had died of cholera, proves that there exists a dead ly poison in it. . lie drew a portion of the blood from the heart of a person-wlio died of this disease and inserted it through an incision in the skin of a rabbit; five days alter the animal became dejected, and on the tenth day died. The blood in its heart was found black and gramou3. The blood of this rabbit was introduced under the skin of another, which caused its death in, twenty-four hours. The same phenomena attended the dissectioiof this as those of the other rabbiti It was desirable now to know whether the blood of patients dead from other diseases would produce similar effects. '.The doctor then inserted the black foetid blood of a person dead from intestinal . gan grene, under the skin of a rabbit, but the health of the animal was not affected ! There was a similar result following the injection of the blood of a per son who had died of an anearism. Others will draw their inferences from these facts. "TimEi, pREt-lots time. It would be well' for our youna mechanics to know that javaf. is the astonish ment expressed by every English mechanic and man-, ,m,e ;n tin cause put shoulder to shoulder, and 'go ufacturer that visits us, on witnessing the misspend- L!iell(--thfre is no fear of the. result. Let. them in .Jflg nf time by our mechanics. Now in England, the husbanding of time by every operative, is considered Mie of the prime sources of national wealth. Time. w ith them, is considered us money, as it was by Fr;:f:klin ; and should ever be by every man and wo-1 , .adopted by ;our. patriot fathers. Let them open the Uiuri, especially in a free state. u? hut i ";C , jjneriep of moral suasion upon every, crook and angle itUt. ' i-fho cneiHv'a works, and if not taken by surprise, the onset pi. ice their veto on partial legislation, by electing such men to represent them in the councils of the State as will be true to their trust, the princi- OUr lr,a r,f nmiihi nnrJ tlio svKLem of irovernrr.enl sn u-iuu. Norwegian customs. On getting up from ta ble each person goes round the whole cwmpany and shakes hands with every one, with the complimen tary phrase, "Talc for mad" thanks for the meal: or u Wcl bekoinme'' n.ny it do you good. This form is universal. The infant is .taught-to make its bow or courtesy to its mother, and s:v, ''Tak for mad" to each other. In a large paty it has the appearance of a dunce around the' table everv one going round to pay the compliment. I ha"e observed tint it is paid to the,, smallest .child at ta ble as gravely and as ceremoniously, as to grown people. In the tre-itmcnt of children they seem not to make that dirr'ereiu'e which wo do between the child and the grown up poison; and which di vides life oiven .into two pail i. littic connected with each other. The children seem, from the first, to be trea'ed with consideration and respect, like grown persons. They are not, on that account, little old men apd prim,. little ladies ; but are wild romping joyous creatures, giving as small annoyance and trouble as children can dp. 44 Tak for sideste," is Melancholy Occident on the Lowell Railroad. Last Satin day morning, an elderly gentleman by the name of Stern's w ho-lives iti the neighbor hood of the Lowell railroad, accompanied his son and one of the engineers, on the.Andover, route for tlje purpose of taking a ride in the morning cars. He was waiting at the' junction of the Lowell and A ndover railroads, where the cars usually stop. The Lowell cars wore seen coming on one side, and the engine and tender passing en the other. Mr. Sterns not seeing the engine, stepped back di rectly in front o! it, and before he could recover himself, he was knocked down upon the track, and both engine and tender passed over his body, and nearly cut him in twain. lie was killed' instantly. Jour. Anecdote. "We must be. unanimous," observed Hancock, on the occasion, of signing the Declara tion o:' Independence, " there must be no pulling different ways; "we mirt all hang together." " Yes," added Franklin, " we must all hang together, or most issuredly we shall all ltang scparuttiy. Rochster Daily Adv. Steam Voir ages The longest Steam Voyage undertaken at present, is from Falmouth to Crofu, being one thousand miles, airl is accomplished at an average speed of sevon milcd and a half an hour. Longevity. The oldest physician now living in France, was born at Marvisthe -A of Februai, ?o(i. He lately wrote in characters perfectly leg ible, alerter to the prefect of his department in which he claimed his privilege as elector and juror. A similar instance occurred in t'-tis country:. in the person of Dr. Jlolyokeof Salem, Mass., M ho. was able to write his, name very legibly and. retained hia mind unimpared at the age of 100.