Newspaper Page Text
MECIIAxNICS', OPERATIVES', AND LABORERS' ADVOCATE.
Washinotom. The venerable narre af Wash !?(Wlf Wlufik Bj)0.ujd ,n.Qv,ejr be .uttered .saye'jrith hushed voice, and uncovered head and a feeling of deep rev.crenco, is daily dragged ' before . the m orld as a standard by whtch to glortly not to measi'rej for who could bear that test P the .pretentions of oUier men. Bol.var was a second Washington, un til he became unfortunate, and then he wes a t.ai tor';'. Sant i' 'Anna. Was a Washirigton, when'he over turned the' covernment of BusttCment'e I arid" until! lie' Was .captuied' at ban 'Jacinto"; and ill our own' country1,' thre is ' scarcely a state or' even a miljtia rcgimoni, that has not produced it's Washington orat all eventsj its mighty men of Valor,' Upon wllom'that glorious name has been bestowed as the meed of praise'forsoine very common-place achieve ment It is time that tl i i sacreli'gicus folly were done away. Let our heroes be compared to Napo leon, or Wellington, or Alexrnler, or 'Julius Crosar, or Chr'orionhot'ontliologos if Yo their admirers will but desecrate not the imn ortiil name of Wash ington.' Let the ascription of thai noblest title, to any living ' mini, be rebuked, as it was in the instant which we how record. ' V. K Commercial Adarrliser. A gentleman, who had just men, wo presume, from the perusal of the details cf th'e r splendid vic tory of Gen Houston at Sun Jacinto, and was ex alting at the prospective triumph of liberty in Te'x pp, proposed as a toast: " Samuel Houston The Washington of. Texns." The table, wh'ch had been tolerable boisterous before, was hushed in an instant, and for a. moment a solemn silence prevailed ; and every breast ap peared to vent its deep feelings in cries of " No, no!" No, no!" "That will not do !" '-That will not do." We were never more gratified, and never ieit more certain that the memory ot the great and good man who bore our country safely through the storm of the Revolution, was still cherished in the hearts of the American people, as lit witnessing that spontaneous burfct ot teelinsr from a larjre com pany of citizens, ccllected from,. every .quarter of our wide-spread country. DuJJaque Hstter. Laboring class in Europe. Th'e following interesting article, from the North American Re view for October, gives a g-owing description of the condition of the laboring classes in Europe in re gard to the rate of wages, the burden of taxation, the means of subsistence,the facilities of education, and the share, if any, which these classes have in the government. It ought to inspire every citizen of this' free and happy Republic to guard with con stant vigilance hgainst any encrbachmenti on the institutions which guarantee to lis the blessings "which our brethren beyond the seas are destitute of. '" ' ' '- In Norway the ojdinary food of the peasantry is bread and gruel, both prepared of oat meal, with an occasional mixture of dried fish.' Meat is a lux ury which they rarely enjoy. ' ' ' . In Sweden t e dress of the peasantry is prescrib ed by law. Their food consists of hard bread, dri ed fish, and gruel witiiout meat. In Denmark the peasantry arc still held in bon dage, and are bought and sold together with the land on which they labor. In Russia tiie bondage of the peasantry is even more complete than it is in Denmark. ' Th'e nobles own all the land in the empire, and the peasantry who reside upon it are transferred with the estate. A great majority have only cottages, one portion of' winch is occupied by the family while the other is appropriated to domestic animals. Few, if any, have beds but sleep upon bare boards, Or upon parts of the immense stoves by ' which their house is warmed. Their food consists of black bread, cabbage, and other vegetables,' without the addition of any butter. " ' . In Poland the nobles are the proprietors of the land and the peasants are slaves. ' ' A recent travel ler says, "I have travelled in' every direction and never saw a wheaten loaf to th6' eastward of the Rhine, in any ' part of Northern Germany, Poland or Denmark. The common food of the: peasantry of Poland, 'the working men,' is cabbage and potai toes, s"? :iet;mes, but not generally, peak,black bread and soup, or rather gruel, witiiout the addition of butter or meat " " ' In Austria the nobles are the proprietors of the land, and the peasants are compelled to 'work' for their masters during eiery day except Sunday. The cultivators of the soil are in asttte ,of bon d ige. la Hang; ry their state is, if possible, still worse.' J lie nou.es own the land, do not work, and pay iio taxes. The laboring -classes aie c-digtd tO'iepuir ail the high ways und.br. ages, are liable at any time to have soidigrs quartered, upon them, and are compelled to pay one tenth of the 'produce of their labor to the Church,, arid one ninth to the lord whose land they occupy. Of tiie people of Franca, seven and a half mill ions do not eat . wheat or wbeaten bread. They live noon barley,, rye, buckwheat,' chesuuts, and a ieiv. potatoes. ' ' j The common wages of a hjred laborer in France, is 837 50 for a man, and jjfli 75 for a woman annu ally. ; The t- xes up a them are equal to one-fifth df its nett products.- ' In 1071, there were 700,000 houses in reZorw. Of these, 11;J,000 were occupied by paupers and more than ,500,000 had no 'hearth. The average w.ves of a laborer is from nine arid a hall' to 11 crs. per day. Among the laboring classes of the industrious, Scotch, meat except on Sundays, is raiely used. V In England .the price of labor, varies; the Not tingham stocking weavers, as stated by them in a public, address, after working from fourteen to six teen hours a; dayquly earned from four to five shil lings a week, and were obliged to subsist on bread and water, or potatoes and salt. , Vroisgto be sick.-" I take the ground that a) ihe shoulders, is very gentle, ..nd weighs about E Alt uho w.sh to ee line cat. Hut you have a cold yourself: we observed " Yes," said he ; " but 1 ought not to have one. ,1, caught.it foolishly. While in a perspiration last evening, 1 took olt my coatj and though T at lerigtli began to feel chilly, I neglected forborne time to put it on. .Now common' sense ought to have taught me or any other person that 1 should not beJiJce ly to get rid of my chill by remaining with my coat off. IJut t neglected to attend to myself, and "now, am sunV. ing the just consequences. And thus it is w,ith most ot our diseases. We bring them upon ourselves by .breaking the organic laws in one way or other, and then we must surfer the penalty,'" How just are these sentiments 1 And yet we .fear another century will pass, and a thousand million's of human beings only live out half their days before such sentiments will be generally received and ac ted upon. ' ' - ' If the public should ever get their eyes open on this subject, we shall hot find them on the one hand worshipping their physicians, or like Balaam, turn ing aside to'seek " enchantments," or incantations nor oh' the other despising them. Physicians if w. je are a class ot citizens whose influence is too valuable to. be lost, 'if it could only be properly di rected. We want them to teach us how, to prevent disease; 'and. it is very much to be regretted that their talents and then- ski'l" should be forever mis placed by being expended in "patching trp," When it would he far better to prevent the necessity of it. Rbston Reformer;" Pedantry. It t is quite amusing to sensible minds, and especially philosophic ones, to observe the actions in company with College boys,, the mind being the standard, who would astonish the natives and ladie3 with a list of their studies, and while thus pompously displaying their lingo,tq watch nar rowly their faces, and mark , their expressions ; to observe them swell, and as had an epportunity the other evening, see them carry ihe joke too far, and burst with their windy 'efforts. My esteemed frieud whom I must call ,vho studies mathematics, and consequently . has his mind trained, (and. I must say. his mind training, would present to the eye, if I know anything about its size, a very baby in regimentals,) gave a splen did illustration of the above remarks the other ev ening in company with some very intelligent ladies. proceeded to discuss very learnedly the beauties of Natural Philosophy in ail .its various ramifications, he praised hydrostatics, until the la dies were disgusted rather than astonished, and to cap the climax, said he should if his life was spar ed in a few days, vigorously begin. Obstetrics, (mea ning Pneumatics.) The ladies left the room, pre suming he meant to insult them, and Sawney, nev er knew his fault until he examined his. Webster in his own room. Middletown Snntinel. tie, should and t xarniue these, and all who can should aid in extending this breed among lis. 1 " " N. ' Y.'' Transcript. .' A RisTOCRAcr. Aristocracy has an injiirioris eff ect on the moral and physical character of inan. Like slavery, it debilitates the human faculties j for as the mind, bowed down by slavery, loses, in si lence, its clastic powers so, irt the contrary ex treme,' when it is buoyed up by folly,' it becomes incapable of exerting them, and dwindles into im becility. It is impossible that a mind employed up on ribbands and titles can ever be great. A new jegplation has been enacted in England1, by which jukers are required to have scales and weights in their shops, and to weigh the loaves in the presence of the purchasers, if requested. Also to furnish their bread waggons with scales and weights' for the same purpose. Serious Accident. On the line of the Richmond and Fredericks-burgh railroad, which is now in the course of completion, a serious accident occurred on Monday morning th'-. 14th iiisi., owing to the giving way ()f the culvert which crosses Hazle Run, which was constructed of -white $and stone, nod was 90'ft. ong.GO feet wide, and 10 high. The late heavy rains an assigm tl ns the cause of the accident. A temporary bridge is intended to, be erected across the ch i.-m, so that the cars inn y not i here) y be delayed. The loss 'to the Compa ny, by t ; is accident is estimated to be $"i0!) N Y. Tame)). .Oskola Captured I We.learn by a gen tleman, (Mr. Duushee) who arrived in this city yesivrday, direct from the seal of war ii. Florula.thatthe Celebrated 'Seminole chief Ose- b1a had", been captured by a pa'rty of Creeks, under Gen. X8sup', during' an erigagvment the day before Mr.' Dunshee lelt, , The individ ual Creek who succeeded. in first securing tin captive, received 81000 from Lieu. J.' arid win promoted to a lieutenancy. Lien. Jessup sua ted as his opinion that the war could' not no hist a fortnight. ' ' '' 'We had 'a moment's conversation with Mr. I-Uisher, and did not learn any farther particu lars. We are, howevor, satisfied that the above inteliigence is strictly authentic. Accident. A man named Cooley, froi; Vernon. Indiana, who was working his passage upon the steamboat Mount Pleasant, was killed on Saturday night iast. The boat had been stopped for a' mo mentand when tiie Kaoiacer jave the word "all clear!" the unfortunate "man continued standing hear the Hy-wheel, though warned of his dinner by one of the hands. The wheel started struck him on the neck and severed his head from -his hady, (with the exception of the Windpipe,) and hurled him lifeless into the hold. Of emir.su his death was the consequence of his own folly. Arkansas Advertiser Lamented Death; James H.McCullock, collec tor of the port of Baltimore,' recently died in .'ai .'city. The old mnti was one of the staunches! dis ci'ples'ol Washington, and bravely aided in .(in-lit-ing .the battles of this country, 'durinir the Revolu tion especially at North Pond, where lie h ad one of his legs broken and shattered by a shot from the enemy. . They intend to have a real Thanksgiving in Michigan on the 1st of December. One man has advertised for two cart loads of pumpkins -one hundred turkies two hundred chickens ahd a va riety t small game; '! ..The.N. Fork. Sun insinuates .that Webb privat ly bet against the truth of ihe assertions about .the Pennsylvania election published in his own par pec ! ' The Philadelphians have adopted the fashion so prevalent in New ork. of leaving infants at their neighbors .doors. A black man lately died at South Carolina at the advanced age' of one hundred- and' twenty-one years. There is a clerk in the French. War Dep-nt-. meat, who in various battles, lias received no less thanS5 wounds, and has been twice trepanned for A man, in passing through a vinegar warehouse in London, where were usedlarge vats or cooling tiie boilinir vinegar, accidentally' slipped and fell into one if the -vat.- Me ?n(Npedi ami -clung to the side of the vat 'for a moment, but his agonies compelled him to L-'t go, inid he soon died an awful death. . The primed surface of the London Atlas is up wards of forty square fcetj a lid is 'pruned 'oh' both sides lit once; The deinand ,for tl.e first oftVen larged niuiikW was so' great, that the press was kept open, tiih't" and day' for three weeks'. The pressure and tumult was so 'great at' the office thai policemen were continually 'employed. ..The newsmen immediately sold their copies, just out side of the door, i;)r i;,f i( crown each, and they were preserved as curiositios ih the museums, uni versities, &c. . ' ' The Lowell Courier st tes that nt one estab lishment in that city, 1,400,000 yards of cotton prints were manufactured during the last six months. ' . . Napoleon and the Twelve Apostles. A late publication gives the iollowing anecdote of Napo leon. 1 ' . , " . . "Napoleon having entered one of th? cities of Italy, tiie churchwardens recommended to hitr. the relics of their church. " Sire, will you deign to take our apostles under vour protection ?' VYour apostles! are they of wood r' 1 No, sire.' 'Of what are they, then?' 'Of silver, sire.' ''Solid silver ?' replied Napoleon quickly ; 'yes. I shall help them to fulfill .their missii u ; it'iias been ordained that they shoul I go throughout the world, and ihey js 1 1 1 1 1 . ' H'aviny: s-iid so, the Rmperor sent the twelve apostles to the mint at Paris.'' Painting on Glass. It i stated that M. Stalars a younr artist :it Lille, in. France, has discovered in some ancient manuscripts directions for paintirig on glass, which reveal ihe secret of this art as practised in' ancient times and so long lost. He has tried the m-'thod, with rcsxlts'which it is said are highly satisfaclc.ry. Vesuvius. At Naples on the 23d of September some inconsiderable eruptions of lava took nlace from the crata of Vesuvius. The fln'fftes rose at. times to a great beight ; but the 'hioonliLWit' hinder ed themTrom beiilg clearly distinguished. A ca tastrophe is expected shortly. " Gov. Marcy has appointed Thursday, De;. J5,as a day of Thanksgiving ih t!he tState cf N. York. ' WANTED IMMEDIATELY. N intelligent individuaJ to visit the several Ma- nufacturing Villages and lecture o'f;surljeets connected with the-welfare- and happiness of the inmates of Factories. To a suitable persbri who feels an interest hiir self in the cause, nodi encour agement will be given. Apj-licaticn rrlrii' be rris'de to either of the Board of Directors of the" Mechan ic's nnd Operatives .Society of-Norwich,' or to the publisher of the Advocate. .,'.!. a Norwich,- Oct. 10, )m. fractures of the skull. Lajnierre in English His name, oddly cnoiih i War. , The Westchester Herald of the 1st inst.,savs that, the woods of the mountainous region's soutn vves't of Stony Point, in Rocklmd county, in this St-jte are on fire that to'all appearaiuvj the de vouring element" has already travel sed several miles, and that itissiill raging with unabated Tory. It is said that several barns have been destroyed, and it is feared some of the cottages of the hiinihle wood chtters in that quaiter. . WANTED IMMEDIATELY: 4 N honest, steady, and active boy from 4 to () years :f age, as apprentice to'the ' Iook- ukd Job Printing business.' Pnquire at the office of M. B. YOUNG,' & Co. Norwich, Oct '8, &??. ' ';3wg Extraordinary Cattlk. Mr. Good year is now exhibiting ut Mo. -1 Bowery, two of the best id most beautiful calile.of the gen uine Durham breed, we have ever seen. " The onetlie cow, called "Lady," selected in Eng land and imported hither by the laie Henry De Groin, Esq. in 1829, is now. 12 years old, of the most perfect symmetry ot form, wiiii short horns, v. ry stmlt bones, thin skin, so i Silken-dike hair, short limbed, long and round bodied, very gemle, anil yeilding, when in sea son, 3d quarts of the richest milk: perday.--She has had seven calls, all. naudsorde nn'd ex. ct licit like herself The other, is the bull1 "'Or met" th second calf of Lady, br. ti m WesietK-ster Co., M. Y. and for hngth and'ro lundiiy, and beautiful proportion ot body, anil neck, and limbs', exceeds all others we have evi r seen Mis legs are veiy shor', bones small, dewlap almost teaching to the ground, is well fleshed to the gauibrols, three feet thro' bprniff Conn ie' bodies, :nn is. :ss- Murder tn .Arkansas. A necrro ( ed his master, named Huskey tioni Tennessee, and live neijro men. with an axe, in H )i ly. He then endeavored to burn t ime ot them were p-irl'aliv reduced to cinders The negro fled, and he was last heard of in M issippi. ' Steamboat Lo,sl. The St. Louis R-'puhlic ui of the 2d instant s;iys : "The steamboat Fame, of Cincinnati to this purl, w'uh a full cargo of mer chandise and furniture, and a large number of pas sengers, struck on a snair. oil the niirht of the 27th ,nltnear the mouth of Salt river and sunk in i) or .10,. feet of waler. . Such is the scarcity of coal at (uebcp, that the ihiily line of steamboats loMmilrea! is suspended. The' cold is so exces.-'sivi' tiie ice made u.i !!,. canal at Monlie.ii.' Ocl. -2S .Hid large quanliiies of potatoes li . vc b-jen frez.i:. .Great Bear. We aie informed that. Captain John Noyes, of Greenwood, rtcntlv s.'iot in that town a bear, the hind quarters of whicii weigued n'iien dressed, 401 pouads wlmli' weight 475. He sold one half of il for nine cents per pound, which was carried lo Bunion and there disposed of at a h-ndsouie prolit. Lanre numbers of these' -iiinuls have Ixvf. kiiled4this fill in the back town. .'. this county. O ford Democrat . The Nvy Express Mail, established bv the Pot Washed Snjyjsodijely, Y the Patent Arms Manufacturing'Company, at their Armory in Pattersf-n, Xcw Jersey. SO Tro.v Firr.RS and Ti u.nf.rs. (Jood workmeriy'with el ow uiuroVi-- srea.tv nanus, can nn( . as abrvo. ennetnnt p,m,W aim uuiMi av. .usu, .) or nrsi rate JJlacksmuhs. as a!;ove. Patterson, N. J., Aug. 10, 18.16. 3 AGENTS WANTEP. ' y ANTED, a few active and resjions'ible persons, - v to solicit subscriptions for this paper. . Good encom-gement will be given if application ia'iEaie immediately. c... Aturust 29. A. C. SPICER, JQVJ.p inf'.rm bis friends and the public, that he intent's closing his concerns in ftv i-iti.f Norwich, by the first -o( April next, and calculates" -to manufacture v hat sfrck he has on hand into tools, and afford them'. clearer or cwfi.than they can-be afforded elsewhere in the cify. , Those who want to supply themselves with Ally Goby planes, would do well to call soon. , jNorwich, Aug. .il. 7ml6 mHrr.. NOTICE. . HK Ct, ens, Mechanics and Manufacturx ' ers of Norwich ai'e inr(,rmedf thnt thann mini suhsei-iption to "The Mechanic nnl IVIanufHrturer's Library will be recPive.l a. ' , Y,",Hrv,"'m'" ftvery evening fVom to ff o Master tl.-ner., I between Baltimore ml. Pnii'idi. I-( 'clok P . M'. Sunday pxeeat''d,--'the year phia, went into operation on Tuesday Veal. It is proposed in New York 1o form ;i joint stock association for the purpose of obtaining j Coal at leasoiiable rates. . On Thursday morning, ut half past 2 o'clock, n j fiie broke out in Centre street iNew Yors, amides-! troyed several buildings of dirfercnt descrintions. I A number of persons barely t'icaped irora ll.e fin only half dressed. com- 1 0 "', ' -?0- 1 annual meeti? nr choice Of Officers will beheld nn the 2d o'r Iec. I82ff. By oVderof the Pr-sidem v n . F. OTIS, Secretary. ,Nov.,g2. . . 2 church wusre. THE Boston Academy, Handel and Havdik - and several other kinds for cale hv : ' THOS. ROBINSOX.