MECIIAxNICS', OPERATIVES', AND LABORERS' ADVOCATE.
Washinotom. The venerable narre af Wash
!?(Wlf Wlufik Bj)0.ujd ,n.Qv,ejr be .uttered .saye'jrith
hushed voice, and uncovered head and a feeling of
deep rev.crenco, is daily dragged ' before . the m orld
as a standard by whtch to glortly not to measi'rej
for who could bear that test P the .pretentions of
oUier men. Bol.var was a second Washington, un
til he became unfortunate, and then he wes a t.ai
tor';'. Sant i' 'Anna. Was a Washirigton, when'he over
turned the' covernment of BusttCment'e I arid" until!
lie' Was .captuied' at ban 'Jacinto"; and ill our own'
country1,' thre is ' scarcely a state or' even a miljtia
rcgimoni, that has not produced it's Washington
orat all eventsj its mighty men of Valor,' Upon
wllom'that glorious name has been bestowed as the
meed of praise'forsoine very common-place achieve
ment It is time that tl i i sacreli'gicus folly were
done away. Let our heroes be compared to Napo
leon, or Wellington, or Alexrnler, or 'Julius Crosar,
or Chr'orionhot'ontliologos if Yo their admirers will
but desecrate not the imn ortiil name of Wash
ington.' Let the ascription of thai noblest title, to
any living ' mini, be rebuked, as it was in the instant
which we how record. '
V. K Commercial Adarrliser.
A gentleman, who had just men, wo presume,
from the perusal of the details cf th'e r splendid vic
tory of Gen Houston at Sun Jacinto, and was ex
alting at the prospective triumph of liberty in Te'x
pp, proposed as a toast:
" Samuel Houston The Washington of. Texns."
The table, wh'ch had been tolerable boisterous
before, was hushed in an instant, and for a. moment
a solemn silence prevailed ; and every breast ap
peared to vent its deep feelings in cries of " No,
no!" No, no!" "That will not do !" '-That will
not do." We were never more gratified, and never
ieit more certain that the memory ot the great and
good man who bore our country safely through the
storm of the Revolution, was still cherished in the
hearts of the American people, as lit witnessing
that spontaneous burfct ot teelinsr from a larjre com
pany of citizens, ccllected from,. every .quarter of
our wide-spread country. DuJJaque Hstter.
Laboring class in Europe. Th'e following
interesting article, from the North American Re
view for October, gives a g-owing description of the
condition of the laboring classes in Europe in re
gard to the rate of wages, the burden of taxation,
the means of subsistence,the facilities of education,
and the share, if any, which these classes have in
the government. It ought to inspire every citizen
of this' free and happy Republic to guard with con
stant vigilance hgainst any encrbachmenti on the
institutions which guarantee to lis the blessings
"which our brethren beyond the seas are destitute
of. '" ' ' '-
In Norway the ojdinary food of the peasantry is
bread and gruel, both prepared of oat meal, with
an occasional mixture of dried fish.' Meat is a lux
ury which they rarely enjoy. ' ' ' .
In Sweden t e dress of the peasantry is prescrib
ed by law. Their food consists of hard bread, dri
ed fish, and gruel witiiout meat.
In Denmark the peasantry arc still held in bon
dage, and are bought and sold together with the
land on which they labor.
In Russia tiie bondage of the peasantry is even
more complete than it is in Denmark. ' Th'e nobles
own all the land in the empire, and the peasantry
who reside upon it are transferred with the estate.
A great majority have only cottages, one portion
of' winch is occupied by the family while the other
is appropriated to domestic animals. Few, if any,
have beds but sleep upon bare boards, Or upon
parts of the immense stoves by ' which their house
is warmed. Their food consists of black bread,
cabbage, and other vegetables,' without the addition
of any butter. " '
. In Poland the nobles are the proprietors of the
land and the peasants are slaves. ' ' A recent travel
ler says, "I have travelled in' every direction and
never saw a wheaten loaf to th6' eastward of the
Rhine, in any ' part of Northern Germany, Poland
or Denmark. The common food of the: peasantry
of Poland, 'the working men,' is cabbage and potai
toes, s"? :iet;mes, but not generally, peak,black bread
and soup, or rather gruel, witiiout the addition of
butter or meat " " '
In Austria the nobles are the proprietors of the
land, and the peasants are compelled to 'work' for
their masters during eiery day except Sunday.
The cultivators of the soil are in asttte ,of bon
la Hang; ry their state is, if possible, still worse.'
J lie nou.es own the land, do not work, and pay iio
taxes. The laboring -classes aie c-digtd tO'iepuir
ail the high ways und.br. ages, are liable at any
time to have soidigrs quartered, upon them, and are
compelled to pay one tenth of the 'produce of their
labor to the Church,, arid one ninth to the lord
whose land they occupy.
Of tiie people of Franca, seven and a half mill
ions do not eat . wheat or wbeaten bread. They live
noon barley,, rye, buckwheat,' chesuuts, and a ieiv.
potatoes. ' ' j
The common wages of a hjred laborer in France,
is 837 50 for a man, and jjfli 75 for a woman annu
ally. ; The t- xes up a them are equal to one-fifth df
its nett products.- '
In 1071, there were 700,000 houses in reZorw.
Of these, 11;J,000 were occupied by paupers and
more than ,500,000 had no 'hearth. The average
w.ves of a laborer is from nine arid a hall' to 11 crs.
Among the laboring classes of the industrious,
Scotch, meat except on Sundays, is raiely used. V
In England .the price of labor, varies; the Not
tingham stocking weavers, as stated by them in a
public, address, after working from fourteen to six
teen hours a; dayquly earned from four to five shil
lings a week, and were obliged to subsist on bread
and water, or potatoes and salt. ,
Vroisgto be sick.-" I take the ground that a) ihe shoulders, is very gentle, ..nd weighs about
E Alt uho w.sh to ee line cat.
Hut you have a cold yourself: we observed
" Yes," said he ; " but 1 ought not to have one. ,1,
caught.it foolishly. While in a perspiration last
evening, 1 took olt my coatj and though T at lerigtli
began to feel chilly, I neglected forborne time to
put it on. .Now common' sense ought to have taught
me or any other person that 1 should not beJiJce
ly to get rid of my chill by remaining with my coat
off. IJut t neglected to attend to myself, and "now,
am sunV. ing the just consequences. And thus it is
w,ith most ot our diseases. We bring them upon
ourselves by .breaking the organic laws in one way
or other, and then we must surfer the penalty,'"
How just are these sentiments 1 And yet we .fear
another century will pass, and a thousand million's
of human beings only live out half their days before
such sentiments will be generally received and ac
ted upon. ' ' - '
If the public should ever get their eyes open on
this subject, we shall hot find them on the one hand
worshipping their physicians, or like Balaam, turn
ing aside to'seek " enchantments," or incantations
nor oh' the other despising them. Physicians if
w. je are a class ot citizens whose influence is too
valuable to. be lost, 'if it could only be properly di
rected. We want them to teach us how, to prevent
disease; 'and. it is very much to be regretted that
their talents and then- ski'l" should be forever mis
placed by being expended in "patching trp," When
it would he far better to prevent the necessity of it.
Pedantry. It t is quite amusing to sensible
minds, and especially philosophic ones, to observe
the actions in company with College boys,, the mind
being the standard, who would astonish the natives
and ladie3 with a list of their studies, and while
thus pompously displaying their lingo,tq watch nar
rowly their faces, and mark , their expressions ; to
observe them swell, and as had an epportunity the
other evening, see them carry ihe joke too far, and
burst with their windy 'efforts.
My esteemed frieud whom I must call ,vho
studies mathematics, and consequently . has his
mind trained, (and. I must say. his mind training,
would present to the eye, if I know anything about
its size, a very baby in regimentals,) gave a splen
did illustration of the above remarks the other ev
ening in company with some very intelligent ladies.
proceeded to discuss very learnedly the
beauties of Natural Philosophy in ail .its various
ramifications, he praised hydrostatics, until the la
dies were disgusted rather than astonished, and to
cap the climax, said he should if his life was spar
ed in a few days, vigorously begin. Obstetrics, (mea
ning Pneumatics.) The ladies left the room, pre
suming he meant to insult them, and Sawney, nev
er knew his fault until he examined his. Webster
in his own room. Middletown Snntinel.
tie, should and t xarniue these, and all who can
should aid in extending this breed among lis. 1
" " N. ' Y.'' Transcript. .'
A RisTOCRAcr. Aristocracy has an injiirioris eff
ect on the moral and physical character of inan.
Like slavery, it debilitates the human faculties j for
as the mind, bowed down by slavery, loses, in si
lence, its clastic powers so, irt the contrary ex
treme,' when it is buoyed up by folly,' it becomes
incapable of exerting them, and dwindles into im
becility. It is impossible that a mind employed up
on ribbands and titles can ever be great.
A new jegplation has been enacted in England1,
by which jukers are required to have scales and
weights in their shops, and to weigh the loaves in
the presence of the purchasers, if requested. Also
to furnish their bread waggons with scales and
weights' for the same purpose.
Serious Accident. On the line of the
Richmond and Fredericks-burgh railroad,
which is now in the course of completion, a
serious accident occurred on Monday morning
th'-. 14th iiisi., owing to the giving way ()f the
culvert which crosses Hazle Run, which was
constructed of -white $and stone, nod was 90'ft.
ong.GO feet wide, and 10 high. The late heavy
rains an assigm tl ns the cause of the accident.
A temporary bridge is intended to, be erected
across the ch i.-m, so that the cars inn y not
i here) y be delayed. The loss 'to the Compa
ny, by t ; is accident is estimated to be $"i0!)
N Y. Tame)).
.Oskola Captured I We.learn by a gen
tleman, (Mr. Duushee) who arrived in this
city yesivrday, direct from the seal of war ii.
Florula.thatthe Celebrated 'Seminole chief Ose-
b1a had", been captured by a pa'rty of Creeks,
under Gen. X8sup', during' an erigagvment
the day before Mr.' Dunshee lelt, , The individ
ual Creek who succeeded. in first securing tin
captive, received 81000 from Lieu. J.' arid win
promoted to a lieutenancy. Lien. Jessup sua
ted as his opinion that the war could' not no
hist a fortnight. ' ' ''
'We had 'a moment's conversation with Mr.
I-Uisher, and did not learn any farther particu
lars. We are, howevor, satisfied that the above
inteliigence is strictly authentic.
Accident. A man named Cooley, froi; Vernon.
Indiana, who was working his passage upon the
steamboat Mount Pleasant, was killed on Saturday
night iast. The boat had been stopped for a' mo
mentand when tiie Kaoiacer jave the word "all
clear!" the unfortunate "man continued standing
hear the Hy-wheel, though warned of his dinner
by one of the hands. The wheel started struck
him on the neck and severed his head from -his
hady, (with the exception of the Windpipe,) and
hurled him lifeless into the hold. Of emir.su his
death was the consequence of his own folly.
Lamented Death; James H.McCullock, collec
tor of the port of Baltimore,' recently died in .'ai
.'city. The old mnti was one of the staunches! dis
ci'ples'ol Washington, and bravely aided in .(in-lit-ing
.the battles of this country, 'durinir the Revolu
tion especially at North Pond, where lie h ad one
of his legs broken and shattered by a shot from
. They intend to have a real Thanksgiving in
Michigan on the 1st of December. One man has
advertised for two cart loads of pumpkins -one
hundred turkies two hundred chickens ahd a va
riety t small game; '!
..The.N. Fork. Sun insinuates .that Webb privat
ly bet against the truth of ihe assertions about
.the Pennsylvania election published in his own par
pec ! '
The Philadelphians have adopted the fashion so
prevalent in New ork. of leaving infants at their
A black man lately died at South Carolina at the
advanced age' of one hundred- and' twenty-one
There is a clerk in the French. War Dep-nt-.
meat, who in various battles, lias received no less
thanS5 wounds, and has been twice trepanned for
A man, in passing through a vinegar warehouse
in London, where were usedlarge vats or cooling
tiie boilinir vinegar, accidentally' slipped and fell
into one if the -vat.- Me ?n(Npedi ami -clung to
the side of the vat 'for a moment, but his agonies
compelled him to L-'t go, inid he soon died an awful
The primed surface of the London Atlas is up
wards of forty square fcetj a lid is 'pruned 'oh' both
sides lit once; The deinand ,for tl.e first oftVen
larged niuiikW was so' great, that the press was
kept open, tiih't" and day' for three weeks'. The
pressure and tumult was so 'great at' the office
thai policemen were continually 'employed. ..The
newsmen immediately sold their copies, just out
side of the door, i;)r i;,f i( crown each, and they
were preserved as curiositios ih the museums, uni
versities, &c. . ' '
The Lowell Courier st tes that nt one estab
lishment in that city, 1,400,000 yards of cotton
prints were manufactured during the last six
months. ' . .
Napoleon and the Twelve Apostles. A late
publication gives the iollowing anecdote of Napo
leon. 1 ' . , " . .
"Napoleon having entered one of th? cities of
Italy, tiie churchwardens recommended to hitr. the
relics of their church. " Sire, will you deign to
take our apostles under vour protection ?' VYour
apostles! are they of wood r' 1 No, sire.' 'Of
what are they, then?' 'Of silver, sire.' ''Solid
silver ?' replied Napoleon quickly ; 'yes. I shall help
them to fulfill .their missii u ; it'iias been ordained
that they shoul I go throughout the world, and
ihey js 1 1 1 1 1 . ' H'aviny: s-iid so, the Rmperor sent
the twelve apostles to the mint at Paris.''
Painting on Glass. It i stated that M. Stalars
a younr artist :it Lille, in. France, has discovered
in some ancient manuscripts directions for paintirig
on glass, which reveal ihe secret of this art as
practised in' ancient times and so long lost. He
has tried the m-'thod, with rcsxlts'which it is said
are highly satisfaclc.ry.
Vesuvius. At Naples on the 23d of September
some inconsiderable eruptions of lava took nlace
from the crata of Vesuvius. The fln'fftes rose at.
times to a great beight ; but the 'hioonliLWit' hinder
ed themTrom beiilg clearly distinguished. A ca
tastrophe is expected shortly. "
Gov. Marcy has appointed Thursday, De;. J5,as
a day of Thanksgiving ih t!he tState cf N. York. '
N intelligent individuaJ to visit the several Ma-
nufacturing Villages and lecture o'f;surljeets
connected with the-welfare- and happiness of the
inmates of Factories. To a suitable persbri who
feels an interest hiir self in the cause, nodi encour
agement will be given. Apj-licaticn rrlrii' be rris'de
to either of the Board of Directors of the" Mechan
ic's nnd Operatives .Society of-Norwich,' or to the
publisher of the Advocate. .,'.!. a
Norwich,- Oct. 10, )m.
fractures of the skull.
Lajnierre in English
His name, oddly cnoiih i
, The Westchester Herald of the 1st inst.,savs
that, the woods of the mountainous region's soutn
vves't of Stony Point, in Rocklmd county, in this
St-jte are on fire that to'all appearaiuvj the de
vouring element" has already travel sed several
miles, and that itissiill raging with unabated Tory.
It is said that several barns have been destroyed,
and it is feared some of the cottages of the hiinihle
wood chtters in that quaiter.
. WANTED IMMEDIATELY:
4 N honest, steady, and active boy from 4 to ()
years :f age, as apprentice to'the ' Iook- ukd
Job Printing business.'
Pnquire at the office of M. B. YOUNG,' & Co.
Norwich, Oct '8, &??. ' ';3wg
Extraordinary Cattlk. Mr. Good
year is now exhibiting ut Mo. -1 Bowery, two
of the best id most beautiful calile.of the gen
uine Durham breed, we have ever seen. " The
onetlie cow, called "Lady," selected in Eng
land and imported hither by the laie Henry
De Groin, Esq. in 1829, is now. 12 years old,
of the most perfect symmetry ot form, wiiii
short horns, v. ry stmlt bones, thin skin, so i
Silken-dike hair, short limbed, long and round
bodied, very gemle, anil yeilding, when in sea
son, 3d quarts of the richest milk: perday.--She
has had seven calls, all. naudsorde nn'd ex.
ct licit like herself The other, is the bull1
"'Or met" th second calf of Lady, br. ti m
WesietK-ster Co., M. Y. and for hngth and'ro
lundiiy, and beautiful proportion ot body, anil
neck, and limbs', exceeds all others we have
evi r seen Mis legs are veiy shor', bones
small, dewlap almost teaching to the ground,
is well fleshed to the gauibrols, three feet thro'
ie' bodies, :nn
Murder tn .Arkansas. A necrro (
ed his master, named Huskey tioni Tennessee, and
live neijro men. with an axe, in H )i
ly. He then endeavored to burn t
ime ot them were p-irl'aliv reduced to cinders
The negro fled, and he was last heard of in M
Steamboat Lo,sl. The St. Louis R-'puhlic ui of
the 2d instant s;iys : "The steamboat Fame, of
Cincinnati to this purl, w'uh a full cargo of mer
chandise and furniture, and a large number of pas
sengers, struck on a snair. oil the niirht of the 27th
,nltnear the mouth of Salt river and sunk in i) or
.10,. feet of waler. .
Such is the scarcity of coal at (uebcp, that the
ihiily line of steamboats loMmilrea! is suspended.
The' cold is so exces.-'sivi' tiie ice made u.i !!,.
canal at Monlie.ii.' Ocl. -2S .Hid large quanliiies of
potatoes li . vc b-jen frez.i:.
.Great Bear. We aie informed that. Captain
John Noyes, of Greenwood, rtcntlv s.'iot in that
town a bear, the hind quarters of whicii weigued
n'iien dressed, 401 pouads wlmli' weight 475.
He sold one half of il for nine cents per pound,
which was carried lo Bunion and there disposed of
at a h-ndsouie prolit. Lanre numbers of these'
-iiinuls have Ixvf. kiiled4this fill in the back town.
.'. this county. O ford Democrat .
The Nvy Express Mail, established bv the Pot
Y the Patent Arms Manufacturing'Company,
at their Armory in Pattersf-n, Xcw Jersey. SO
Tro.v Firr.RS and Ti u.nf.rs. (Jood workmeriy'with
el ow uiuroVi-- srea.tv nanus, can nn( . as abrvo. ennetnnt p,m,W
aim uuiMi av. .usu, .) or nrsi rate JJlacksmuhs.
Patterson, N. J., Aug. 10, 18.16.
AGENTS WANTEP. '
y ANTED, a few active and resjions'ible persons,
- v to solicit subscriptions for this paper. . Good
encom-gement will be given if application ia'iEaie
A. C. SPICER,
JQVJ.p inf'.rm bis friends and the public, that
he intent's closing his concerns in ftv i-iti.f
Norwich, by the first -o( April next, and calculates" -to
manufacture v hat sfrck he has on hand into tools,
and afford them'. clearer or cwfi.than they can-be
afforded elsewhere in the cify. ,
Those who want to supply themselves with Ally
Goby planes, would do well to call soon. ,
jNorwich, Aug. .il.
mHrr.. NOTICE. .
HK Ct, ens, Mechanics and Manufacturx
' ers of Norwich ai'e inr(,rmedf thnt thann
mini suhsei-iption to "The Mechanic nnl
IVIanufHrturer's Library will be recPive.l a.
' , Y,",Hrv,"'m'" ftvery evening fVom to ff o
Master tl.-ner., I between Baltimore ml. Pnii'idi. I-( 'clok P . M'. Sunday pxeeat''d,--'the year
phia, went into operation on Tuesday
Veal. It is proposed in New York 1o form ;i
joint stock association for the purpose of obtaining j
Coal at leasoiiable rates. .
On Thursday morning, ut half past 2 o'clock, n j
fiie broke out in Centre street iNew Yors, amides-!
troyed several buildings of dirfercnt descrintions. I
A number of persons barely t'icaped irora ll.e fin
only half dressed.
1 0 "', ' -?0- 1 annual meeti?
nr choice Of Officers will beheld nn the 2d o'r
Iec. I82ff. By oVderof the Pr-sidem
v n . F. OTIS, Secretary.
,Nov.,g2. . . 2
THE Boston Academy, Handel and Havdik
- and several other kinds for cale hv
: ' THOS. ROBINSOX.
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