Newspaper Page Text
MECHANICS' GPElUTlVES 'AND LABORERS' ADVOCATE. From the Senthul V IrHnest. HINTS TO YOUNG MEN NO. 2. It is when younrr, that our habits are formed, our dispositions moulded, and our sentiments imbibed, and the "temper of mind" tind opinions then formed are almost bly carried with us through life. And if, in the '.' morning of life," we become ad dictod to intemperance, or profane swearing, or idle ness, or any other wrong practice, such practice "clings" to ns with a puissant and unshaken grasp; and we fi.id it as difa:uit to "rid" ourselves 61'suca habits, ns for the " Jeoivml to change his epots." That such sentiments are true, no man can deny, who is acquainted .with himself, his life from his youth up, or who has had an eye of observation up on his fellow me::, as thoy have entered upon and taken their departure -ow this "chequered scene. If then, it is of so much importance that sound prin ciples and correct sentiments should be studied und adopted while youii;.r; nnd if sucli dircul consequen ees result Irom an ojmosite course should not eve ry-vounur man endeavor to make himself acquainted with, and imbibe the principles of virtue and reli gion of temperance and indiwtiv of regularity and jrood order ? principles which cannot but make yourselves and all around you hppv pnnciples wlrch, if univers il!v dilfused, would make an 'Eden' of earth. But how arc vou to obtain coireet senti ments in the abodes of vice? In the gratification of the baser passions, while listening to the songs of mirth, or while surrounding the card table i Such places should not be the "school of morals" foryojth; for they are nurseries of crime the 'hot beds' ot iniquity the 'feeders' ot Penitentiaries the destroyers of the soul ! And the sooner every young man abandons these "broadways" to d-: etruction, and those who are constantly loungm there, and commences a course of preparation for alter lite, tue uet:or it will lie lor Ir.m, tor ihu co n niunity, for our country, and for the world at lare tU of the industrious population is employed during 'ie ichok dau, (hours of eating and sleeping only ex cepted,) in the production of wtaltk. This is a ded ication ot their whole lives to the service 01 tne pro- cnsit:cs, and must necessarily terminate in pun ishment, if the world is constituted on the princi ples of supremacy of the higher powers. Longevity amo.ng printers. A late French periodical contains the following interesting calcu lations : In twenty-three printing offices in Paris, here were noticed in each, printers whose ages ranged from 40 to 70 years. An aged master prin ter asserted that he had known more than fifty com- uisitors or pressmen who had passed the sixtieth year. Among thirty-rive persons engageu in one Hike, one-third ranged tioai 4 to 0 years of age. A printer who worked in an office, a few years ago,said there were o it of forty workmen,25 whose es ranged from 50 to 70. I his office was appro- niiutelv termed iiiwrimcrie des lirbussiers. or " the i y . " , ' irpitmg ofhcf oi greybeards. 1 here are 17 prin tors now working in Pans, ot whom seven are sev enty years of age, one 0 and another 82. A prin ter worked m tne oihee ot Diuot the youngen until his death, when he was Sl years of age, and ano ther continued to work until the age ot 84. Among WR STAND UPON TJ1F. HUSHI'I-M l mumjiiju Jl'STICK, AMP NO HUMAN FOWEK SHALL OKIVK US FROM OUR POSITION." THE ADVOCATE. NORWICH. FEBRUARY 13, 1837. THE PRESENT FACTORY SYSTEM. Ulliori ui'J iuuun uum ute Hu&puui lur uie agru. our own observation, ai)C the deaths of four printers were announced, whose d exppricnce v m rati ages w cue respectively G'l, CO, 5 and 8. i,, ' . h The evils of the preset " Oh for a lodge in some vast wilderness Some boundless contiguity of shade, Where rumor of oppression and deceit Might never reach me more." Cmcper. We shall not attempt in the following sketch, to the deaths in Paris in one year there were 25 prin- give a thorough report of the present system, but ere, vnose ages varied from 5a to 8 years; and merelv a few of its evils which have occurred under among we returns irom ine hospital ior tne ageu, our mvn observation, and the truth of which, every ratify. nt Fuct-.ry System are fast ... . , t a o a i .1 rrrowinff upon us, ana will soon attain to such an Ji critical operation. Last Saturday mornmcr, the . . ..,.., master of the Fort Hill school was informed that Height as to render it anncuit to recover ana place up one of his pupils, a little girl, had swallowed a pin, on the 8ame footing the liberty and freedom which ana " could leel it sticking in her throat. He mi- are now threatened. We would not raise an unneces- mediitcly took a long slender ruler, and pressing sary alarm, or in any way endeavor to arouse a spirit down the tongue, saw the pin lying horizontally 0f rebellion which would be injurious to the interests across the entrance to the wind-pipe, behind the ; lit- of the employer or the employed-but we do think tie valve called the uvula. No time was to be lost, , , , . .. r.i holding down the tongue firmly with the ruler, and that there 18 now a cns,s m Uie affa,rs of the Peratlve using an old pair of scissors as forceps, he extract- c" 8,1JU1U ,un uu Fnmil,,u lo rU5S wlu,uut eU the pin trom it3 hazardous lodging place, very there being some oeterinmea measures tanen ior tne much to the satisfaction, not only or the sufferer, but protection of themselves and families against a sys- of her school mates, who discovered much sympa- tem of oppression and tyranny which is every hour u.j .ui j. mo Hjciueiii .3 wormy oi notice, as n rivetin(r more firmly the bonds of their delation. warning against the dangerous practice of putting pins into the mouth, and as an evidence ot what may be done by decision and firmness of nerves, when time would not permit of calling in medical aid to snve ule. bosion Post. placed I they create, so that they only get what they call their own. A. r. Transcript, EXTRACTS FROM A POPULAR EURO PEAN WORK. Dr. Chaahnes reports, that in our great towns, (in England,) whole masses of factory operatives, are living in profound ignorance and practical heathen ism. The system tends constantly to incre.nc the evils of which it is the somve. Young, persons, when thiiy arrive at m ni!ioo.l,fm:l themselves scarce ly able to subsi-U by their individual exertions, whereas, if t!i.;y cm add the sc&nty income of three or four chi!d,on to their own, their condition is in some degree improved. House rent, and the ex penses of furniture and find, are not increased by the wants, in proportion to the contributions of the young. Adults are thus tempted nay.almost driv en by necessity to contract early marriages, to rear a numerous olfspring, devoted to the same em ployments with themselves, and in this way to add t'to the supply of iabor, already in cxre.ss. The chil dren grow up, and in their turns follow the same course ; and thus, however widely the manufactures of Britain may have extended, a still farther and indeed indefinite extension of them seems to be de manded ; for the system produces a constancy in creasmg.yet ignorant, starving, and miserable pop ulation; more than adequate to supply all the labor that can be profitably extended. The consequence io, that markets are overstocked with produce ; pri ces first fill ruinously low ; the operatives are then thrown idle, and left in destitution, till the sirplus produce of their formerly exce-sive labor, and per haps something more, are consumed, after this pri ces rise too hiffh in consequence of the supply fall ing rather below the demand ; the la'aoreis tuis re sume their toil, on their former systems of exces sive exertions they again overstock the market, and are ag:iin thrown idle and suffer dreadful misery. 'In I825-H-7, this operation of ihe natural laws was strikingly exhibited; large bodies of starving and unemployed laborers were supported on chari ty. How many hours did they not stand idle, and liow much of excessive toil would not these hours .have relieved, if distributed ovdr the periods when they were overworked ! Tiie results of that exces sive exertion were seen in the form of untenanted houses in short, in every form in which misapplied industry could oo to ruin. Ediubur w not a manufacturing city, and if so much misery existed in it in proportion to its popu lation, wdiat must have been the condition of Glas gow, Manchester, and other manufacturing towns? 'Here, then the Creator's laws show themselves paramount, even when men set themselves system atically to infringe thein. lie intended the human race) under the moral law, not to pursue acquisitive ness excessively, but to labor only a certain and a moderate portion of their lives ; and although they da their utmost to defeat this intent ion, they cannot succeed; they are constraint d to remain idle, while their surplus produce is consuming, a3 many days and hours as would have served for the due exer cise of their moral and intellectual faculties; and th:; preservation of their health, if they had dedica ted them regularly to these ends from-day to day, as timi passed over their heads. But their punishment proceeds ; the extreme exhaustion and nervous and muscular energy, with the absenco of all moral It I . !. .'11 p.Hd intellectual exouemont, creaie me irresistinie Crrou-ih of .Yatinnn.lt is estimated thatin craving ior mo svmuius ' aruum spirits '..men en-- rj;torl States the rates ot mcre.ne of population is tin ruiahea the laboring population of the present j ,ch a8 trt aouhle the population in twenty-rVo and g; tlii calls into pvomment activity the org.-ns n h!1ifyc..irs. n ' ussia, the period of doubling is of the animal propensities; these descend m the! forty-two; in England iiftvtwo; In Sweden about ciMtsu by ft hw already oxplamed ; increased i onell!Ilflred; and in Trance one hundred and twen crime,and deteriorating incapacity for arrestinifi ty.rve the evua becomes greater with the Japse ol every ' 4reoea"atiOiJ. ' acoruing io tne principles oi uie present trea- lt must not be expected that the great work will be accomplished at a single moment and by a single blow. No it is n"t thus ; but by a steady and deter mined perseverance marking out the way with cool ness, and following it with intrepidity keeping the Aboe Chnr'hi. VVe published a fer days since main "rand object in view of freedom from a tvranni the ciu;e of a landlord of Bangor, Maine, in which L.,i an(i CJuej custom. i i . . i c i i i ..e uiuauu iu. uikb uiy rent, irom ms poor tenant, Amtm(TSjt lhe fir?t evils which we hnll notic in the dunnr this inclement season of winter. It appears ' ' . , , , l . , i ti, ' e u -i - --,i present system, is us encroacmneni upon ine naiurai however, that the dements of hnmnnitv. nre st in ) 1 J ' ' active end benevolent exercise in that favored place and unalienable rights of man freedom of thought a will be seen from the following accouut which and speech. Every one that is acquainted with the we republish from the Bangor Whig. present system, must know of the cringing servility A gentleman of this city, a few days since, sent and self debasing reverence which is renuired bv the I l n . . ...'. l . . 1 a io io oi wood to a debtor ot his, but who was sick weaiti)y anrt arJatocratic capitalist, from the persons sum ...Usui uie. Airnounn tne man nau reiauous a- . ,. ... .... , , , , , . , o , , r. i . i i I" m eniuiov, uiiu inai uie ieiti wwu 111 viutiiuauuii rritnifl him w r a'Aro nh n nrv rna nnaro. Tf ho n I J ' i ; . t j nii i of bis own actions, be tliey ever so just, is sure to be 1 m. or f.nn sum flip tvnnn I ip nnnnr wns lniorni- ' ' ed of the fac't,and immediately went and sawed,and mct bi' an instant smisr,ai irom ms service, in deh- l the wood in the h 'tise of the poor man'. ance of all law or contract. What i? law or contract 1 111 .1 1 .l..ll-i1111jt t 1 1 i ms is Highly praiseworthy, and proves, that tne to him lie no.ius tne power in ms own nanas, ana man, whose name oufrht to have been published, vigorously does he enforce it. Talk of an appeal from las a soul above the common herd ot hard hearted ilia -.hit nm-editi. mid he Innohs von tn nm ,.,AU i. ... fj:, ' r- o o j c " "u rT rr " iM lwmT What can a poor friendless operative do towards con- tending with wea,Uh and power ? It is useless, and the operative must forego all freedom, and submit to Statistks of Ono.-From a tabulnr statPmont the stronS iron ?rasP 01 P0WCT- -ven the poor ' . . V wv companying the repot of the auditor of the State inan is sometimes unable to use his own free right of egislature, it appears that there are in the state suffrasre as it regards the choosing of Ins rulers. He 15,771, COO acres of land, which is valued including must vote as he is directed, no matter what his pri- town lots and ouildings, $08,821,134. The number vate feoiin3 0r wishes may be, and thus is one of his of horses in the state is 2G8,Wi2,valued at $10,740,- m . rpnnhliftfttl ri,hts torn from him. and lie is obli. 4bU. Uattle, ay,HjC, value, $2,982, m. Mer- ; r 7 , .. , , , . chants' capital and money at interest, $8,459,002.- gd to support a party which he conscientiously be- IN umber of pleasure carriages 2,808. value $241.- lieves 10 me inJur 01 nis coun" a"u u" u 054. Total amount of taxable property 85,812,- tions. 3b2 ; from which taxes have been raised the past " This we consider as one of the most serious evils of year, Tor state, county, and township purposes, &c, which we complain, and will eventually tend more to to the amount of$!l(i5,'10, including the physicians' th b1 and oppression of the operative. For w'ifl and lawyers' tax, which amounted to $3,078. It aD- . ,. . , 4i r u- , . , , ' , " not the can talist have the same reasons for wishm? pears that there have been paid into the Treasury p,, . . .. A. of the State, for collections on the Ohio and Miauii to degrade and keep m ignorance his operative, as ,'anals, after deducting expenses, the sum of $230,- hath the Southern slave-holder to renaer his power ana QOminiOn over iukiu .ikjit; aiuiutuj mm iiiuir iaai- ing? Even now, raise but an arm in defence of the operative, and what a host is raised of pewer, wealth, and influence to crush the rebellion, and every hour that the matter is delayed, serves to strengthen nioie firmly the gripe of persecution. This has been termed a free country but how free when a proud aristocracy is already raised that is trampling upon all law and justice, to the oppression of some thousands of our fellow men. We ask not We ask not for affluence or power but we do noble truths of a republican government, of freedom and equality, (not equality of wealth) but equality as it regards the liberty and actions of every citizen. How can a man be said to be free when his very liv ing depends upon the caprice or will of another who may plunge him at once into misery Mid wretched ness ! Such a man is under worse bondage than tho mere chains of slavery which affect only the body ; for here the mind, thoughts, and very feelings must constantly be under another's subjection. He must accustom himself to the degradation, and confine his own thoughts, ii different from those of his employer, deep deep in the recesses of his heart, and at Inst en deavor to forget himself a man A FREEMAN ! To the American citizen, the thought of Freedom should nevei give other than delightful sensations. But what must be the feelings ol him who, surround ed by a numerous family, is obliged to forego every thing that is independent and honorable, to supply their bodily necessities, while he sees them growing up around him in ignorance and mental bondage, knowing not that they can raise themselves any high er in the scale of honor or morality becoming fit machines for the master to be buidened according to his pleasure. But perhaps the question will be asked, why does he not educate them ? The answer can bo given in few words. The owner knows too well his own interest to suffer them to be educated. Ignor ance is his object. Consequently, as soen as the chil dren are of sufficient age, they are wanted in the mill, and the father not being able to support his family without their assistance, they are turned into the com pany of the dissolute without any fixed moral habits, nnd ready to imbibe and follow the actions of their companions, especially when they tend, as they gene rally do, to the gratification of their baser passions. Thus we see that the rising generation are fast grow ing up to meet the wishes of their employers'grow ing up in ignorance, in wretchedness and vice, and every hour that sees the present system continued, binds still more firmly, and renders still more lasting, the bonds of the oppressor. Who then will now de ny that this is not a time for instant action? Who then will now deny that this is not a subject which requires instant and close attention ? Yet further. The system now under' consideration, requires too much lator of its operatives. Obliged to toil incessantly from an early hour, till eight, or per haps nine in the evening, we would ask what time the operative will have for mental improvement, or for social and domestic happiness ? Debarred the rights and privileges of a free citizen, he becomes discoura ged. He sees nothing but gloom and darkness in the horizon of his future years. And to diown the remem brance of his present state, he seizes the intoxicating bowl, and soon loses all his relish tor virtuous and mo ral actions, and the example which is set before them by an intoxicated and berstly father, serves the more to lead the children astray from the path of rectitude into the haunts of pollution and infamy, from which they rarely, if ever, eecape. Why then will the ope rative slumber upon the brink of destruction ? This is not the case with all the operatives of New England. Some are as yet uncontaminated, and pur sue a strict and independent course. To such, we call upon by every principle of justice and honor by ev ery argument of humanity and freedom, to arise and rescue their suffering brethren. Gird on the aimorof fortitude, and meet boldly and fearlessly the proud ranks of aristocracy. Quail not before the minion glance of power, but plant firmly the banner of liberty upon the walls of freedom, and say to the boiling waves of arrogance and wealth, Thus far, and no farther. ( m 67. Life m.Vcw York: It is easier to write about liv ing in this city, than to find the means of living. Rents have universally gone up from 30 to 50 "per cent, t lour is atjijte.cn dollars per 66. and the pri ces at marKet this uay, were aa tallows : Beef, 21-2tol5ctsperlb. Corned do. 10 cents. Mutton, 17 to lleents. Veal, Id cents. Tut key, 25 cts. per lb., equal to from 4 to a piece. A (ioose, $2 A pair of Ohickens, 2. JlmtrUan. rase. A stranger. A wild rat was killed in Boxford, Massachusetts, oil the 25th tilt., in a barn, wliere he t'isa, Vhat are called by commercial men,' times of wnq fonstimr unon a nair of fowls which he had kill- prosparity afe-seasin of the greatest infringement jpj He weighed 75 pounds, and raetsured. fimii of thft natirmliaws, nd prPcui itiea. VwBOs tire not 1 precursors of groat cakm- j tbe 0f hi, reckoned prosperous, miles? j tialf feet. s nose to Uie end of his tail, four a.id a ask justice from our oppressors, and a free use of our ri"htn as republican citizens, of choosing according to our own iudgment, our rulers. Neither is this sub ject one that should alone concern he operative. It concefns every free and republican lover oi his coun try. For it is a well known laet that in all ages, and in all governments, the first step towards tyranny and arbitrary power, has been the removal of this right fiom the people, and transferring it to the wealth or aristocracy of the country. No one will deny, then, that this is not a subject whu-h requires an instant at tention injurious not only to the operative, but to the welfaie of our free and republican Institutions. The next abjection which we shall present to the reader ia the present system is, its opposition to the The silk loom has been lately much improved ia Manchester, in England, and steam power i8 success fully applied. The loom occupies only about half tho space required by the one now in common use ; and a young girl may weave as much in a day as can now be woven by two men. Awful! A wife and nine children, and flour $J& per barrel. Host. Trans. An unsuccessful attempt was made on Saturday night last, to rob the Weybosset Bank at Providence, by a fellow calling himself John Henry. Occulattm of Mars. On Saturday eflernooa, the 18th of February, the planet Mars, which, with J-o-piter, now makes so brilliant an appearance in the East, very soon after the setting of the- sun, will b ' eclipsed by the moon. This phenomenon will be visible to nearly all F. rope,the Canadas, the State of New York, and to part of the States of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and t some of the North western States. The annual' loss of life by shipwreek to England, i computed at one thousand lives, and property tfr tW amount of twelve millions of dollars. For"ery We learn that a ybung man Tery tably dressed, presented a forged check of $".5000, up on R. &. I. Phillip, at one o'clock to-day, at the coun ter of the Philadelphia Hank, and received the iuowy for the same, lie Mi the Bank immediately ; soou after which the Teller as.-crtained the forgery,, ami pursued the criminal. 11 was apprehended, and. now ia Aody awaking Lj trial. Philad. tiaz..