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Connecticut workman. (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1901-190?, October 24, 1901, Image 3

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CONNKCTI
WORKMAN.
Connecticut State
Branch Convention.
(Continued from Page 2.)
Whereas, Centralized wealth, which
our patriotic and illustrious Liincoiu
(even in his day) viewed with alarm
the aggregation cf enormous weaitn
of the country in the hands of a few,
will have a tendency of creating a
privileged class or money power which
will always be a menace to our free
institution of government, and
Whereas, This "aggregation of enor
mous wealth" has evolved the trusts
or "privileged class," and as they are
in leasue to further enslave the wage-
earners of this country by bringing
into competition the servile cheap la
bor of China, it is our sacred duty as
' American citizens to strenuously pro
test. This mammoth money power
must be closely watched or they will
.flood the country with coolie labor,
And bring about such a a crisis as de
manded the enactment of a foreign
contract labor law, therefore be it
Resolved, That delegates to the con
tention of the State branch, Ameri
can Federation of Labor, holden at
Waterbury, Conn., October 1901, do
hereby endorse the re-enactment of the
Chinese exclusion act, therefore be it
further.
Resolved, That delegates not alone
insi3t, but demand of their representa
tives in congress that they give their
vote and moral support to this entire
ly American measure for self preser
vation; also, that a copy of these reso
lutions be, sent to our representatives
in congress and to Secretary Frank
Morrison of the American Federation
of Labor; and also that delegates rec
ommend resolutions and individual
influence of their separate unions in
furtherance of such re-enactment.
Resolution,, endorsing the action of
the Hartford ' Screw -Machine Co., of
Hartford, in giving their employes the
shorter work day, was adopted.
Resolution relative to political econ
omy, not approved."
,t JOURNAL ENDORSED.
The following resolution was adopt
ed !''"'-
"Whereas, That the New York Jour
nal has, always befriended the toiling
masses, particularly organized labor,
and taken a firm stand in support of
free speech, therefore
"Resolved, That this convention en
dorse the action of the New York
Journal for its aggressive and uncoun
promieing defense of the working
classes."
- Resolution relative to the Socialist
Labor Party was introduced, and on
motion laid on the table.
The convention then adjourned.
THURSDAY'S SESSION.
Thursday morning the convention
opened in the usual form.
, A. W. Collier, a representative from
the "Big Six"; Typographical union of
.New' York, talked , to the delegates
on the boycott by the union of the
.New York Sun. At tne conclusion of
.Collier s talk the convention voted
iorse the boycott on the Sun.
distributing committee then dls-
a lot of literature explaining
of the New York Sun to-
J ?m nTovest '? a nAtth e' caused of
tne poycott, ana a iarg3 yuanuiy . ui
neat buttons with the inscription, "1
. don't read the New York Sun," Lwas,
given to the delegates., 1 v ; '
The following resolution was then
offered by Delegate J. H Reilly of
Danbury and it was adopted:
. : Whereas, We notice in the public
' prints that it is the intention to push
to passage in the next congress the so
called ship subsidy bill a bill gener
ally known as being in the interest of
a favbredfew at the expense of the
i many; so designed as to add millions
to the already overflowing coffers of
gigantic corporations and by its spec
ial donations open the way to a trust
in the ocean carrying trade ; making
s no more than a mere pretense to a re
duction of freight rates for the bene
fit of producers, but giving its largest
1 aid, to tourist carrying "ocean grey
hounds"; and
Whereas, Organized :abor is always
opposed to special privileges and. class
favoritism and is ever jealous of the
rights of the masses of the people who
have never yet asked or received any
special favors from the government;
therefore
Resolved,; That we, the Connecticut
State Federation of Labor, in conven
tion assembled, are opposed to the so
called ship subsidy bill; that we con
sider it a violation of "the doctrine of
equal rights and the worst kind of
class legislation, and that we urge our
congressmen to rase their best effort
to defeat it -
CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM.
Resolutions were passed regarding
the question of constiutional reform.
This matter, occupied a good deal of
attention, and the delegates being anx
ious to learn what others had to say
on. the question extended an invita
tion to John O'Neill to speak on the
subject at the afternoon session.. Mr.
i j tkj iseiii was )restui auu gave me uei-
legates qvMe an interesting talk re
garding the need of constitutional re
Wision in this state and pointed out
Ivarious inequalities that exist in our
state , constitution which might have
been all right when they were adopt
ed, but have long since outlived their
usefulness and should have been rele-
1 -. lTlll J. J il. J I
ated ito the rear half a century and
bore ago, ana also spoke at some
ngth on the advisability of labor or-
anizations sending delegates to at
jnd the sessions of the state legisla-
re to protect the interests of the la-
r cause. Mr. O'Neill's views appear
to meet with the approval of the
tnvention and his remarks were en-
iastically received. i
e '"recommendations In the presi-
t's report were read and adopted
will be sent to the different locals
ratification, viz.:
he president to receive $200 per
r.
he title of general organizer added
he president.
he secretary-treasurer's salary to
raised to $200.
increase- the vice presidents to
s, first, second and third.
change the name of the State
ch.
ganlzer O'Neill at this time re-1
NORWICH HAPPENINGS
Saturday evening, Oct. 12. Norwich
Typographical Union, No. 100, receiv
ed a social visit from some fifteen of
the members of No. 159, of New Lon
don, including the president and other
officers.
The visiting brethren gave lively and
entertaining reports of conditions in
their city. They represented the Union
to be In a satisfactory state of strength
and vigor. Every printing office in
New London with one or two insignifi
cant exceptions, is under Union con
trol, and employers and employees are
working in harmony without friction
or jar. This state of things had not
been attained without patient and per
sistent effort nor without some hitches
in the progress of the work.
Effort in the work of organization
has been extended to some other
trades and with some degree of suc
cess, though not yet so much as is
hoped for. Attempts have been made
to organize a Central Labor Union,
but they have not quite succeeded. As
the several trades become more thor
oughly organized success may be
hopefully looked for.
Messrs. James Grierson and Robert
D. Campbell of the Carpenters' Union,
and Hinchey of the C. L. U. were the
Norwich delegation to the convention
of the Connecticut Branch at Water
bury last week.
New London gives fair promise of
being, in a little time, a strong union
town as relating to all the various
trades admitting of organization. The
union spirit has gone abroad and is
leavening the whole industrial lump.
Connecticut Craftsman.
ported that he attended the meeting
of the Hat Finishers of Bethel last
evening and stated that they voted to
affiliate with the State Branch. This
adds 180 more members to the State
Branch. The convention then ad
journed.
The afternoon session opened, at
1:30 in the usual form.
Ex-President Crosby of Hartford ap
peared and President Sullivan invited
him to come forward and address the
convention. Brother Crosby responded
with a neat speech and was followed
by M. P. Landers, also of Hartford,
fourth vice president of the Interna
tional Order of Machinists. Mr. Lan
ders also spoke on the strike of the
machinists recently held in Waterbury
and other Connecticut cities.
Judge George D. Alden of New York,
who is now located in Bridgeport in
the interest of the Industrial Federa
tion, also appeared and gave a stirring
address on the principles of organized
labor. He concluded by saying that
he will visit the different locals
throughout the state and explain the
plan of the Industrial Federation of
America. He was heartily applauded
as he left the hall.
A resolution was adopted viz., to
send a representative of the State
Branch to the constitutional convention-Resolution
favoring municipal own
ership was adopted.
After other routine business the con
vention ad journed.
FRIDAY'S SESSION.
; - Friday mornmg
eonvcitticm
opened as visual.'
mrMthv nf thA organization with the
Ansonia strikers, now under arrest on
a charge of conspiracy, was shown. As
will be remembered, several of the
Ansonia strikers during the strike of
the machinists in that city were made
the defendants in criminal cases, and
were also served with injunctions is
sued by Judge Gager, restraining them
from interfering with any of the non
union help employed to take their
places. Property of the defendants,
including their homes, were attached
in the civil courts, and they them
selves were taken before the superior
court and put under bonds of $1,000
pending the trial of their cases. When
a settlement of the difficulty was made
the injunctions were renTtd, but thus
far no action has been taken in the
criminal cases, and the names of the
strikers are still on the docket of the
court. In order that the matter might
be discussed and the true situation
outlined to the delegates in session
considerable time was given up to the
discussion of the subject. The Anso
nia delegates and - others directly In
terested in the machinists' strike spoke
on the question, occupying several
hours. The question was finally
brought to an issue by the passing of
the following resolution:
Resolved, That the executive council
of the State Branch of the American
Federation of Labor is hereby in
structed, to give all moral and finan
cial ' assistance to the members of the
affiliated unions in Ansonia, against
whom criminal suits are now pending
before the superior court of Connecti
cut, and that a special plea be made
by the executive council to all affiliat
ed unions for financial and moral as
sistance. Tne names of the firms who are to
be printed in the yearly book was read
and many were rejected as they were
considered unfair to organized labor.
The following officers were then
elected:
President, I. A. Sullivan, of Hart
ford. First vice president, James
Grierson, of Norwich. Second vice
president, J. Moffat, of New Britain.
Third vice president, Miss Keleher, of
Hartford. Secretary treasurer, P. H.
Connelly, of Danbury. Organizer.
John J. O'Neill, of Bridgeport. Nation
al delegate, J. H. Reilly, of Danbury.
Legislative committee, Messrs. Adams
of Hartford, Daley of New Haven and
Charters of Ansonia. Auditors, Messrs.
Nolan of New Haven, Sandiford of
Waterbury, and Molumphy of Hart
ford. .
It was voted to hold the next con
vention in Meriden.
The local unions of Waterbury ten
dered a reception and ball to the vis
iting delegates on Thursday evening
and everything was done tot make the
visit of the delegates a pleasant one,
and when the convention was about to
adjourn a vote of thanks was tendered
to the locals of Waterbury for their
hospitalities and the delegates will
long remember their visit to the Bras3
City.
Look for the: Union label.
)
INIMICAL TO LABOR.
Bach Are Trusts, Ssya Orrln "W. Pot
ter, and He Scores Them.
Orrin W. Potter, the Chicago million
aire and former president of the Illinois
Steel company, has declared against
trusts.
Mr. Potter's two daughters, Gertrude'
Potter Daniels and Margaret Horton
Potter, are known as the authors of
several books, and In some of these pro
ductions the socialist spirit has been
given snch prominence as to arouse
comment among those who knew of the
wealth and social position of the fam
ily. Mr, Potter said: s
"I resigned as president of the Illi
nois Steel company when it entered a
trust. Trusts are inimical to the rights
of the laboring man.
"I cannot consistently hold a position
which would force me to put into exe
cution measures of which my con
science cannot approve.
"Our system of taxation is Infernal.
What people are given to calling the
middle and lower classes know this,
and they are getting ripe for a revolu
tion. They will not continue to live un
dor such a system. I am only taxed
$300 for my house. It is wrong and
should be taxed much more.
"I was in New York recently, and
while walking along Broadway I had
to stop a moment at the corner of
Twenty-third street to allow a car
riage to pass. It was a line carriage
tlrawn by-a pair of splendid horses. A
liveried coachman drove, 'and a liveried
footman was In attendance. The car
riage was open. Upon the rear seat
sr.t a becapped French maid. Upon
the seat beside her, sitting Pon ItjU M that those wno nave but one
haunches, was a blanketed dog. That , . . ., .
dog was loing driven out for an air
ing, and t'L: maid was in attendance
upon his dogs'nip.
"While I stopped I looked beyond the
carriage and saw a workingman car
rying a baby and accompanied by his
wife standing on the crossing. They
were facing me, iiritl their progress
had been checked l.'?re mine by the
passing of the carriage. The working
man was clean, but threadbare. He.
looked hungry, and his wife looked
worn. The babe locked strong and
well. In the three faces was the story
of the sacrifice for the sake of the little
one.
"I saw that workingman look at the
splendid equipage that was passTng.
He looked at the coachman, the foot-
man. the maid and, lastly, the dog. I
saw something come into that man;
eyes, and I saw his lips grow firm.. I
knew what it was that was looking out
of his eyes, and I say that if the look
had been put into spoken words they
would have found an echo in my heart.
"I have taken the word of fifty men,
representing 10,000 wageworkers, with
out a word of writing to bind them to
what they had agreed and was as Well
satisfied with their word as I wouJd
have been with the word of the fif
foremost business men of Chicago."
A Plttstinirtr Plan.
fTlie Building Trades coxKJi of lfftts
burg will shortly put in operation a
('P1 thereby It hopes to minimize dis
putea between builders and employee:
and. to avoid strikes. Each trade rep
resented la the council has an author
ized business agent whose duty it is to
visit all works to ascertain if the union
scale and union rules are being regard
ed. Upon them falls the responsibili
ty of causing strikes. The council it
self will hereafter have a sole repre
sentative not Identified with any par
ticular trade whose duty It will be to
visit architects and builders. The
Building Trades council will ask them
to specify union labor ' wherever prac
ticable. None of the local architects
has been advised of this plan, but it is
understood that the idea will meet with
a favorable reception. When a struc
ture Is to be erected under a tight time
limit, it is to the advantage of the
builder to avoid labor contentions and
delays of all kinds. Once the plans
and specifications liave passed into the
hands of the contractor the architect
is not liable for the late completion of
the structure. The responsibility falls
upon the contractor. The council main
tains that the plan will work to the in
terests of all trades and contractors.
Employers Against Unionism.
The principle of the Employers' asso
ciationand when I speak of the Em
ployers' association I mean practically
all the capital in the c'.ty of San Fran
cisco engaged In the wholesale and
manufacturing business and, I am
afraid, the banks also "s that unionism
must be destroyed. TI.. y are not think
ing of this union or tl.::t union or of the
other union, they arc not thinking of
the teamsters or port; or packers, but
they are thinking sinrjly of unionism,
and the principle vyon which they
start out, the princlr 'v? on which they
are rooted and foir ;cd. the principle
on which to give tl.' devil his due or
rather to give the devils t!ieir due. for I
believe there are tunny of them, the
principle which they so persistently
stand up for, is. that union'sin must be
destroyed and that there must be no
compromise with unionism. Unionism
must be torn vp by the roots, cut up
and thrown Sv.to the fire, and the ashes
of unionism must be scattered to the
four winds of Leaven. Thr.t is tjieir
principle. Father Yorke in Address to
San Francisco Workingmen.
Labor Dressed to Conrt.
The strikinEr seamen nnd n"iHatpil
trades at San Francisco are confronted 1
by a new problem. The masters are
swinging another powerful club. The
Sailors union has been dragged into
court by the Pacific Coast Steamship
company, which, after reciting the seri
ous Injury done by the defendants, in
dividually and collectively, prays for
damages against them for alleged via- i
lation of contract, boycotting', eta
LABOR AND CAPITAL
SHOULD BE RECONCILED.
One of the Foremost Thinkers in America Reviews
the Situation. Claims That Labor Has
Its Sacred Rights and Dignity.
ARBITRATION IS THE ONLY
ULTIMATE SOLUTION AT PRESENT.
riany Blessings, Says the Writer, Will Result When This Method of Ending
Disputes Between Labor and Capital Shall Have Been Adopted.
Workman Must be Respected and Treated as flen.
We are indebted to the New York
Journal for the following:
"Are the interests cf employer and
employed mutual and if so, how can
Tthis mutuality of interest be made ef
fective?"
Cardinal Gibbons suggests and au
thorizes as his answer the following
from "Our Christian Heritage:"
Labor has its sacred rights as well
as its dignity. Paramount among the
rights o the laboring classes is their
privilege to organize, or to form them
selves into societies for their mutual
protection and benefit.
It is in accordance with natural
common mieresi suuuiu uiiil mgeiuci
for its promotion.
;- Our modern labor associations are
the legitimate successors of the anc
ient guilds of England.
In our days there is a universal ten
dency towards organization in every
department of trade and business. In
union there is strength in the physi
cal, moral and social world; and just
as the power and . majesty of our re
public are derived from the political
union of the several states, so do men
clearly perceive that the healthy com
bination of human forces in. the eco
nomic world can accomplish results
which could not be effected by any in
dividual efforts.
Throughout the United States and
(Great Britain theie is to-day a contin-
uous network of syndicates and trusts,
of companies and partnerships, so that
" nnno(inn fmm ho r.nnstrilftinn
0'i"ia,an ctP!imehin to the man-
ufacture of a needle is controlled by
a corporation.
i vhen corporations thus combine, it
ie -quite' natural .that mechanics &nd
laboie s should follow their example.
It wculd be as unjust to deny to
workin&men the right to band together
because cf the abuses incident to such
combinations as to withhold the same
ht from , capitalists because they
metimes tunwdrrantably seek to
crusn or acsoro weaiter rivais.
Another potent reason for encourag-
- . i
labor unions suggests Itself to my
ecret societies, lurking in dark
taces and plotting the overthrow r of
.existing governments,, have been the"
ne of Continental Europe.
The repressive policy of these Gov
ernments and their mistrust of the in
telligence and virtue- of the people
have given rise to those mischievous
organizations; for men are apt to con
spire in secret if not permitted to ex
press their views openly.
The public recognition among, us of
the right to organize implies a confi
dence in the intelligence and honesty
of the masses; it affords them an op
portunity of training themselves in the
school of self-government and in the
ait of self-discipline; it takes away
from them every excuse and pretext
for the formation of dangerous socie
ties; it exposes to the light of public
scrutiny the constitution and laws o
the association and the deliberations
of the members; it inspires them with
a sense of their responsibility as citi
zens, and with a laudable desire of
meriting the approval of their fellow
citizens. "It is better," as Matthew Arnold
observes, "that the body of the peo
ple, with all its faults, should act for
itself, and control its own affairs, than i
that it should be set aside as ignorant
and incapable, and have its affairs
managed for it by a so-called superior
class."
LABOR AND CAPITAL CONLICTS.
God forbid that the prerogatives
which I am maintaining for the work
ing classes should be construed as im
plying the slightest invasion of the
rights and autonomy of employers.
There should not, and need not, be
any conflict between labor and capi
tal, since both are necessary for the
public good, and the one depends on
the co-operation of the other.
A contest between the employer and
the employed is as unreasonable and
as hurtful to the social body as a war
between the head and the hands would
be to the physical body.
Such an antagonism recalls the fa
bled conspiracy on the part of the
members of the body against the stom
ach. Whoever tries to sow discord be-'
tween the capitalist and the laborer
is an enemy of social order.
Every measure should therefore be
discountenanced that sustains the one
at the expense of the other.
Whoever strives to improve the
friendly relations between the proprie
tors and the .labor unions by suggest
ing the most effectual means of di-
m iniRh in p- nnrJ pvpti rpmnvin or the
causes cf discontent, is a benefactor to
the community.
With this sole end in view. I ven-
?ure to toucn this delicate subject, and
if these lines contribute in some small
measure to strengthen the bond of
union "between the enterprising men of
capital and the sons of toil, I shall be
amply rewarded.
THE GOLDEN RULE.
That "the laborer is. worthy of his
hire" is the teaching of .Christ as well
as Ihe dictate of reason itself. He is
entitled to a fair and just compensa
tion for his services. He deserves
something more, and that is kind and
considerate treatment.
.There would be less ground for com
plaint against employers if they kept
m view the golden maxim of the Gos
pel: "Whatsoever you would that men
should do unto you, do ye also to
them."
SYMPATHY OF EMPLOYER
EMPLOYED.
AND
Our sympathies for those in our em
play, whether in the household, the
mines or the factory, are. wonderfully
quickened by putting ourselves in
their place and askin ourselves how
we wculd wish to be treated under
similar circumstances.
We should remember that they are
our fellow beings, that they have feel
ings like ourselves, that they are
stung by a sense of injustice, repelled
by an overbearing spirit and softened
by kindness, and that it largely rests
with us vhether their hearts and
homes are to be clouded with sorrow
or radiant with joy.
Surely men do not amass wealth for
the sole pleasure of counting their
bonds and of contemplating their gold
in secret. No; they acquire it in the
hope that it will contribute to their
rational comfort and happiness.
Now, there is no enjoyment in life
so pure and so substantial as tnat
which springs from the reflection that
others are made content and happy by
our benevolence.
And I am speaking here, not of the
benevolence of gratuitous bounty, but
of fair dealing tempered with benign
ity. Considerate Kindness is like her sis
ter Mercy: v
"It droppsth as the geuzie rain from
heaven
Upon the place beneath; it- is twice
bless d;
It biesseth him tiiat gives and him
that takes;
Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it be-
comes
The throned monarch better than his
crown."
I am happy to say that commercial
Drinces answering the description of
JjjyEnjiifeh. - hanL '.jionojcJlybe-.
! !--. on irfoot on1 imsdnarv u-nrl
but are easily found in our great cen-
tre? cf eommeice; and, if the actual
condition cf the average wage-worker
in this country is a safe criterion by
which we are to estimate the charac
ter and public spirit of American em
ployers, I believe that an impartial
judgment will concede to the majority
of them the honorable title of just
fair-dealing and benevolent men.
In my visits to England, Scotland,
Ireland and the Continent of Europe.
I have studied the condition of tha la
boring classes, and I am persuaded
that the American workman is better
paid and fed, better clothed and hous
ed, &nd usually better instructed, at
least in the elements of useful knowl
edge, than are his brethren across the
Atlantic.
Instances of genuine sympathy and
beneficence exercised by business con
cerns toward those in their employ
could be easily multiplied.
Some time ago the head of a Balti
more manufacturing company received
a message announcing tne total ae
itruction by a flood of his uninsured
mills, involving a loss of 5365,000.
On receiving the news his first ex
cltmation was: "What a loss to so
many families! Here are 200 men
thiown out of employment!" Of the
personal injury he sustained he utter
ed not a word.
DANGER OF TRUSTS AND MONOP
OLIES. But while applauding the tender
feelings and magnanimity of so many
capitalists, I am constraine.d in the in
terests of truth, humanity and religion
to protest against the heartless con
duct of others whose number, for the
honor of the country, is, I hope, com
paratively small.
When men form themselves into
a business corporation, their personal
ity is overshadowed, and their indi
vidual responsibility is lessened.
And for this reason many will as
sent in their corporate capacity to
measures from which the dread o
public opinion or the dictates of con
science would prompt them as indi
viduals to shrink.
But perhaps the injury is all the
more keenly felt by the victims of op
pression when inflicted by a corpora
tion, as it is easier to obtain redress
from one responsible proprietor than
from a body of men, most of whom
may be unknown or inaccessible to the
sufferers.
No friend of his race can contem
plate without painful emotions those
heartless monopolists exhibiting a
grasping avarice which has dried up
every sentiment of sympathy, and a
-crdid selfishness which is deaf to the
ciies cf distress.
Their sole aim is to realize large
dividends without regard to the para
mount claims of justice and Christian
charity.
These trusts and monopolies, like the
car of Juggernaut, crush every obsta
cle that stands in their way.
They endeavor, not always, it is al
leged, without success, to corrupt our
national and state
legislatures and
municipal councils.
They are so intolerant of honest ri
valry as to ; use unlawful means in,
driving from the market all compet
ing industries.
They compel their operatives to
work for starving wages, especially In
mining districts and factories, where
protests have but a feeble echo,, and
are easily stifled by intimidation.
In many places the corporations are
said to have the monopoly of stores of
supply, where exorbitant prices are
charged for the necessaries of life;
bills are ccnti acted, which the work
men are unable to pay from their
scanty wages, and their forced insol
vency places them entirely at the mer
cy of their taskmasters.
To such Shylocks may well be ap
plied Oie words of the apostle: "Go to
now, ye rich men: weep and howl for
your miseries which shall come upon,
you you have stored up to
yourselves wrath against the last days.
Behold the hire of the laborers
which, by fraud, hath been kept back;
by yon, crieth, and the cry of them
hath entered into the ears of the Gotl
of Sabbath."
In the beginning of the last century
Mr. Pitt uttered in the House of Com
mons the following words, which re
veal the far-seeing mind of that great
statesman:
'"The time will come when manufac
tures will have been so long establish
ed, and- the opaiatlves not having any
other business to fiee to, that it will
be in the power of any one man in. a.
town to reduce the wages, and all the
father manufacturers must follow.
Then, when you are goaded with re
ductioas and willing to flee your coun
try, France and America will receive
you with open arms, and then farewell
to our commercial state. If ever it
does arrive to this pitch, Parliament
(if it be not then sitting) ought to be
called together, and if it cannot re
dress your grievances, its power is at
an end. Tell me not that Parliament
cannot; it is omnipotent to protect"
Hew forcibly this language applies
now to our own country, and how
earnestly the warning should be heed
ed by the constituted authorities.
The supreme law of the land should
be vindicated and enforced, and ample
protection should be afforded to legiti
mate competing corporations, as well
as to the laboring classes, against un-
j scrupulous monopolies.
It would be also a humane measure
if the Government interposed its au
thority in forbidding both capitalists
and parents to employ children under
a certain age, and at a period of life
which ought to be devoted to their
' physical, intellectual and moral devel-
opmcnt.
OBLIGATIONS OF LABOR UNIONS.
But if labor oreanizations hav
j rights to be vindicated and grievances,
j to be redressed it is manifest that they
have also sacrea obligations to be ful
filled and dangers to cuard against.
As these societies are composed of
DLcmt-ers veiy formidable in numbers.
V2.ued in character, temperament and.
nationality, they are, in the nature of
hinss, more unwieldy, more difficult
I niteise, iiiure jiauie 10 uismtegra .
."Un. corporations or capitalists.
jiu imyr iiiivu lietu oi. leauers possess
ed of great firmness, tact and superior
executive ability, who will honestly
aim at consulting the welfare of the
society they represent, without Infring-
J ins on the rights of their employers.
i Thcy shldexj3rcjsjiriceasing vigi-
Uanfo.fn irprTJrincr V;rir hnrlff Vn-vi h
control of 'Assigning demagogues ' who -
would make it subservient to their
own sejfish ends, cr convert it into a.
political engine.
They should also be jealous of the
reputation and good name of the rank
and file of the society, as well as of its
chessn leaders.
For while -the organization is enno
bled and commands the respect of the
public by the moral and civic virtues
of its members, the scandalous and
unworthy conduct of even a few of
them is apt to bring reproach on the
whole tody and to excite the distrust
of the community.
They should therefore be careful to
exclude from their ranks that turbu
lent element composed of men who
boldly preach the gospel of anarchy,
socialism and nihilism; those land pi
rates -who are preying on the industry,
commerce aaad trade of the country,
whose mission is to pull down and
not to builtl up; who, instead of up
holding the hands of the government
that protects them, are bent upon itsc
destruction, and instead of blessing the
mother that opens her arms to wel
come them, insult and defy her.
If such revolutionists had their way.
despotism would supplant legitimate
authority, license would reign without
"liberty, and gaunt poverty would stalk
throughout the land. .
BOYCOTTING CONDEMNED.
I am persuaded that the system-of
boycotting, by which members of labor
unions are instructed rot to patronize
certain obnoxious business houses, ia
not only disapproved of by an im
partial public sentiment, but that it
does not commend itself to the more '
thoughtful and conservative portion of
the guilds themselves.
Every man is free indeed to select
the establishment with which he wish
es to deal, and in purchasing from
one in preference to another he is not
violating Justice.
But the case is altered when by a.
mandate of the society he' is debarred
from buying from a particular firm.
Such a prohibition assails the liberty
of the purchaser and the rights of the
seller, and is an unwarrantable eva
sion of the commercial privileges guar
anteed by the government to business
concerns.
If such social ostracism were gen
erally in vogue a process of retaliation
would naturally follow, the current of
mercantile intercourse would be check
ed, every centre of population would
be divided into hostile camps, and the
good feeling, which ought to prevail
in every community, would be serious
ly impaired.
"Live and let live" is a wise max
im, dictated alike by the law of trade
t-iid by Christian charity.
LOSSES BY STRIKES.
Experience has shown that strikes
are a drastic and, at best, a very
questionable remedy for the redress.
of the laborer's grievances.
They paralyze industry, they cfieix
foment Iterce passions and lead to tha.
(Continued on Page 5.)

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