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' :r ' ' . :. - I, ''' 7 ' . 'V. . - 'St "''in . . L n ' IT! rtf iff ; WfTbiFs 1 llBt OlAMK I. -pYVAWA, ILLINOIS SATURDAY, MAY 23, 1840. .."Xti Ttnt?r sil' 1 i i :.EDR.;f f. MAW i fOWHISE 'mi; I IT), ifIUI(l II uunur..!,,, ! un tcrt M.nnUm,fuia hi vim ; ."Ji i?i.'ttpnit More tli cxpi- 'Hii flun iirii -i; inoiill! Ami flirrniliillnrH l ' ' f".y-t';'(? i c its if ik 'ive. mtil tke end of iiM':rn! tin it4riVrl H $1 per (qliuro for : iii wrlwn, as I H'l wnu for each cub- (i;'rtoi). A ittKf-l discount' mudo to V ' i ivfrtinc lv Ihevrr, In this state of singular "opposition of fientiment, it has become' a matter of some interest, apart from politics,' to discover what it was that Mrr fliichanan. really did say and mean. I say 'apart from poli tics for I do not perceive that the de cision, or' thV question, one way. or the other,, will have a direct practical bearing Upon the. Sub-Treasury subject, 'or on the mrire general one of the Presidential con test. ' As an Qbject of the government poHrv,. ' pfli'ct in austion is decisively labor far-above the foreign rates, Bu cjianaii jelics upon the greater cheapness of fire raw material among us the grealr energy and intclligcee pf our people, thi superiority of our machinery, and the (uomte manufacturer." he repeals the limitation which he had fixed as to time. "Tlti depreciation of our currency is, therefore, equivalent to a direct protection granted over the t tilt Hblml J'iric? k " " M'-'i is .lie. rent n iuu. b of I.a 8a!' ! iff-tu'ated at t'nj in:ti n of tl:. 3V li . i I IU10M, "llu nMli'fl.liv -? t;r. ti-.;-. -.uin p' iij-wny bt'twee. Civugo uiui ; . , I ,j u!t: on of Ottawa i abcu onu tbo v. Mr. tii'b.'.'ti'.M i;i .';nv. Satnrti.ir, iay. im vj i n Avtv a- irvAitn. ' it t v ti-.iij, fcnk,ftt fraught will I"J : '.'..w 1'Wti.wiirM txa .to the lilirr- 'v'. '-''' y 'nee&kirily ip-mt and ' -y i th p"wiift.rrmc) and ... t-F ho i. , wvjrjiim h (tie pre.. llmx t. t J':M it princinlr v I f-iicfi-rii f,'if,r focal (waits Ot''W ? J? ..'.7jr tmtdul'umi'. :.. t l I' I- ; 'rj-fiff',: .si.wmt-TR&Hi.'tU to all .vv: : .r..;-.rft..:jVcJr-.&" rftcV "-" i :-.-jiuiii.'j. '-t't'i ' . V iJJ:' w ''f !ilc fi v ' : -,,f't' t;w vi-.iv WiaH p-lilirums, : ;3Ff:r5 : ' ' " r-"' u , n. James Uu- ' ' . ; ii'ir the Biibji'ct clear I'Ji'Wi form ti ca.w. loifiii:.. : 1 !- ; 0 tO.!i ii'-'j'U i l.w,'- , in-ii v'ia. ill . . j"; w,, form h ro,r"rt f ncfujon in this H". I fv the iT.i l. . ' Frjrnil of the ijT.pi' 'il .ta.! ,c.fr.j.iM,aJi it does; front one of uliy mT your scriousi con- I it Democrat!1 tth 1 V . V tducing thoJ g paper.) t ie n .u. At n; hn ii . ii. mtd lur Vf .' of liibor. r. JJ.:.itors. In an i.lvortisement put- f il ;! ia vour Uuze! ie, for the 1" nf i l f'mg of ' Whiff. j oung men, nil) he 1. it is suited t'.a- one of the pts rf SciitJ mec'iii!r'wi.s to consider i iu w il -i.riiit' in ihisVoimtry, fecent nnhiinifd by Jaincs litjchanan, in the j '. so Msit:,3 ei itiit-, thati,ic price of r W'or of Am. ti. i should1 toeJeduccd r anJiu1 ! i n jvan drspotismsi" I hii re nal!. wiicii have caused. this '"he t-)bi ;i. 1'iilnl to Mr. BorhaAan, (( . tf.u ( i i tVe speech delivered by n i i the t-t i ii" fi nis- of ihe United oa tbf -iii Jtiiitiary Inst, on the "11 lent ff i7!P v Pill, u reply to K ..; .v. If.herc is iv . it t l c ;Hinbnnhg.(4iese views ' . h tiis.iiiui, I am no. quaintcd '"" , , ; . . (', of course ,'' tnaUhette i 1 jef i v 'lisnpreeni'tit ofc,6jryon '! ,: ; c ibo p'recif.-- notto'nft.ais : bv i i ' -Vtnrn in ihat speech. ."if' I':.m . " 'iissiubdsptj r. fit fixed uooii tlwu in thfciftr- lh-li I have tjuoiod iibove, qjher co nprclu-mlei! t i't.i uittercntiy ; . prii cipal speaker, in wo-sep:frate iv r ip. J 'snis, 'Mtouy uenicu-Tiial advanced such 'principled Qr that fvei :mi.:rraiiM?u uo-i' , T"lUiaet i 'v ivi r..ai-iv5 ; :?. tn sau:o nioiivca " 'ii. !t i iiii.-.cd tiie disavowal, M' ill cause k i be kbided liy; .As a coiwut:ncc A ;: t overniiicnt policy, no .suc n resn! is '-, ''"WtPplatfJ" ByMr Buclum.in, as fur in. the speech itself.. he declares the chief purpose of the bill lo bethe security gf .the public money, artd that the influ ence which; itvill haye upon banks will be'Miut wctUontal,' .and inadequate to resjrainlheir Ucense. It is not until lie leaves the 'direct "discussion of the bill, and toward the close of his speeth, enters upon the general question of thft currcrlby brlonneCted witli trade,- tliat the Temarks tfhdor consideration. ocvur. 1 trust that yotir candrft' will not refuse to enquire what ar,5 -the. views upon an abstract topic of polifieai eebnomy, actually entertained by the? mpt dimiiigu,clicU member of ttyo auminisiralion party In this inquiry, I sliall go 'only on the speech itself. The subsequent statements of Mr Buchanan may be considered lia ble to some objections as being, declara tion pendente lite. I shall firet-slfow what MrJSnchanan' ukJ not- say ana could .not have meant iiul altcrwarus attempt to ascertain wnat he did say and mean. . That he did not say that he wished to see the wages cf labor at all reduced, will appear, I think, from, these extracts from me speccn. ; "The SAiatdrrom Kentucky (Sir. Cm) says tnat the tricnu ot the Inilepcrvtent 1 reaaury iic utrc to establish nn exclusive metallic currcnev. a the medium of all the dealing? throughout tlio ynion; and also a reduce tUu wagea bf flic poor man's labor jo thai the rich employer may be able ir, irvuny Uietcorrceine8s ot ooth theso proposi tions." Again 4 "We arc. also charged by tho Senator Croni Kentucky with a desire to reduce the wagerfot tho' poor man's labor. Itis something new under the 6un, to hear the Senator and his friends attribute to us a desire to elevate the wealthy manufacturer at the expense of the laboring man and the mechanic. Undoubtedly the reduction contempla ted in the paragraph of the advertisement which I have cited at the beginning of this article, could not take place until the whole bank system was abolished. Such a policy is disclaimed in the speech very vehenienily. "I, for one, am not in favor of establishing an exctusfirc metallic currency for the people of this country. To reform, and. not todcstroys my motto. To confine- the banks to thciftipyropriate business, and prevent them from ministering to the spirit of wild and reckless speculation, by extrava gant loans and'jjssues, is ull which ought to be desired." . . . -. VC A IH'SC, ff economy caused by a well-ordered system of trade and transportation. ' That no reduction of wages is required below the ordinary rates they have'-yhherto borne in the times of healthy trade, is apparent from the fact that during such times we have always been able to maintain the ":i..mx Di i. '.Ie at least cqtnlifmo TtJiv ii5n,-tvr.oviK iif'hoiyil-! foreign ax chant's dues not incnaca u, until the currency u expanded rnd res nrc riyen ; tin; lnischuT li3r.t.iiir Oi,r atfl::?t. time and poi'it, it ' -then ny tk:t Shi pre- vcmive -icttoins rt'qubitK -No ne vi!l j.lP;n " ;w "It: suppose that Mr. Buchanan Wies' tot oriPnak anewwiU make the application of the' remedy more extensive than the evil. : ' t The policy of Mr. Buchanan, thcrefoov. is hot to render priceE less but to render them. uniform.' And this appears very fully upon the face. of the. argument. These extracts will 'show his views :' "What is if the laboring man ought most to do sire I '. Coistant enfployment, rruliir wages and wy?jrrrasonabI prices for tbe comforts and necessaries' of life which ho requires." "!Stirf!omiiijurfngit will greatly benefit the liiltorlng man. It will ensure to him constant cm- ployruent und regultir prices, paid in a sound cur rency, which otnll tbinns he oifirht most to desire. and h u ttl save him truiu belOir Inyotvcil la ruin ly n roflrrence of those periodnl expansions and 'crititractinua f the currency which have hitherto t.-.i.u. ' iun UlrH'll lliu ciiuiui y. r The progress of Mr. Buchanan's argV ment deVclopcs one peculiar advantage to uiu liuiuyiig in;iji in uini sysicni oi lint forrnity which he proposes. If the wa ges.ol VTc laborer stood with other prices the general enchancement of value would not affect him otherwise than as the whole nation is affected by the overtra ding which it produces. v But it is "the opinion or Air. Buchanan, that when prices f isc from enlargement of the cur rency, the vages-of labor do not rise in a corresponding, degree, or with equal qVickness. "The rate of he laborer's wages," he says, 'is fixed and kn6wn ; and they arc the last to rise with the incrc;is'" rnni-i andj.b ---x-u- v lii.ll liiv timtpjnuiunijj luvuiMuu OC- niirs a. o ii scussiou (f f- nyfiopicglifc m impressions of intelligent and ,u Jitors votild in ttfemselves' be r, v elf nigiconclusivb'bf thtf.'atf I ii id views ' dif-playcd ; by any j ?ut political t'unomy is i a i s ten e.'.tre nc sui'ety, and one ti on stIrh nu e atifl difFiquUdis i at tho st.t.ldnf ofjftcVa.writ je s liuhle iv fcrfectly toappre id in somo '-as'l,- wholly, to fnvi the nt-anmg which hi is - i !y e iutiiiif : These discmsions ') i ;na cit wfJMy removed frotflie ' - h P' "-'P.i.i'Vf of'rnc'n ; antoe l '1" U y fu-ei confined boiitlrave f -nun ;) ili.tptt, tb u experience weald !.te. ;if!WrV.io- writ6fmu8t "jos i'iu..(Jli pcVsj ict;ity ? 5pechand 'fadorui rout' I I" rsniify 'ofmna. tie eitsv, H tio- n.iulc in appreheudino- ncory ' v.,nr; J '.und toittfl till a" iA'i p a th it iruroiry f6rwrlt 1 !a:.!-.-i!' u9 ctscumstanees 'v.tiiu jrll or wire of.MitBu "Via-i J rrv Jul nit immetliately f.tw&f', 'm ,Vijsi niitaiiutigadif. v(j it uicot;.;, u that charged upon him . .a (4, tK i not f-e?,it v decisive proiv mat rL ' j.na (H';r V. wov " 10' i is difficuUytif tqneeive how other parts "of the speech co'uld be interpreted as indi cating an opinion thus expressly denied, .unless thc.crror arose from an inability on the part of the readers to understand what distinct doctrine it was that Mr. Buchanan was maintaining. ' What Mc, Buchanan did say arid mean was shortly this. ; Irecohtentleu that a survey theicim merciaLhistory of tjie conntnLIngn period of tw'inty-five yarTwed that at certain intervals of lirdw"ncre had oc curred sudden 'arid excessive expansions oi tne currency, attenueu Dy a general rise ofpriccs ; that .consequent upon this rise of prices, was aaT.excess of the national imports over the expools, because the lor- mer were rflndcredrofjilitbiC arid th latter unprohtable. ; theft this dfttarbahce of the balance of trade was followed by that gen eral ruii whjch, ndcr the present banking sysloni, ;'. alwj's results from a serious riostuiiy of exwianges. I'rpm this exam inattpn of facts'he deduced the conclusion that the true method of preventing these periodical ruinous disturbances of the balances of trade tyts, to prevent those periodical and transJA-y rises in the pri ces, which were occasioned by excessive bank issues. The "doctrine" of Mr. Buchanan, therefore, was not that we ought to reduce the prices of labor or of any thing eke, below that average rate which they natur ally bear in the sound state of trade and currency ; -much less to the standard of foreign despotisms, but, his doctrine was, that we ought to prevent that extravagant - . ...i.:i, fi. U IClnnofarV nSC in pncea uiui ii- iows a Buudcn enlargement oi tne paper cutrency, and which profits no man, since it alters the whole scale of nominal T while it threatens ruin to ev-j nian bv Causing a general ovcntS' For competing ratably with foreign The scope of Mr. Buchanim's argu ment in its relation to the labomr appears to be this. I he general advance of pri ces which attends the occanjojal expan sions of the banks is a gg "Wvil to the nation at large (including la -Jrs.) as it leads to general overtradiiui.ft annot possibly bring any advautageTto. ihe labo rer, for any increase his wages hiay re- cive will be nullified by the contemporary rise m the cost oi all the neiscfsaries which he buys. In matter of fae it will be a direct' injury tb him, since his wages d.o not rise so much or so soon as other prices, and they fall sooner. k Ihoso passages m which Ml. lu- clianah wienies that any advantage accrues n tho blliorer from a liiirli r ite of ifices. do not, contain. arjrumeuts itffavor nf re ducing wagtfelow their ordinal and -..1 ... i...r .- . .11 . avium laii, I'm .iianisi r:n:-iin(j mrni OV" temporary f and " eceasivc expatiltms. One ravage from the paragraph in reply to, Jbfu Clay on tins point wiH suffice to sfiow tlvat he is not contending for a dim inution of rates below the average stand ard, but is arguing that the occasional 'i't . .i j- . .i c icua ucjtrvcumuit axes tne appli cation of the comparison to those points of ime at which the currency has become redindant and prices have risen. In this brief view of Mr. Buchanan's argum-nt, it has not been the purpose to express an opinion one way or'the other, as H thr soundness or tho Dractribiliv i :Kidha 1 ; The. t.hj cJL h' ui;bate it sbe .pHsgagt:; have not been Uu-jted at)h. If anV man will rei the fp-ec3i I 'lb this VisiLnciion in iii Vun U it w 'l'ol -f W!iai iho whole of the I argumeu will snsiaiii lLio discr'uu- ination here, attested, nd it is,, farther presumed thatn candid or reasonable person will fcel hat h is justified in forming or cjpressiirr a ilixided opinion upon the subject utuho has perused the speccn. . , . I make. no apology U)r asking admission to your columns for ari excu'.pation of political opponent. Jfrsitles tliat you have in some- sort' endowed tlie error in dispute, I am sure that yor course of ac tion is too reasonable and Wnly, not to say. generous, for you to bxywilling that your .parly should attack a nii. for opin ions' -whjch ho never expressed, and sfin)ulatcflie rabble against an eVmv for "imputed trash and dulness not his M own. ; - .V W c ft ; )ff to them, by both the FederaT.-Oonslitution and the constitutions of - their respective States. The right of Congress to excr cisc exclusive legislation in all cases whatever, does not mean omnipotent legislation. Congress have no right, in the District of Columbia, to take away the right of trial bjt' iitry 'Utd pass art ex post facto law ; to abridge" the feedomof speech or of the press ; to establish reli gion by law, nor to destroy the rights of property, or the personal liberty of the cuccn. I hese reserved 1 1 . cryj in te- District bf Vfiint at in- ) ? ! W'.il, ii.. Mn-a 1 mm mftnr . it to my ' sense bf duty toj)resef 'i Jhc" ;j,K'- petition. 1 shall enter ' ' iK; ''j&etyt sion of " tie principles of. Hv'MifXl that is notinvolvjpd in tli? sabiect,-., Xat'f i view it jtk no other light than that of an SJk, li'f S terfereflce in the .constituted rights! ; clulvj otheps, in such way as tends to ihe de- ;; C sirucuunoi me riciiiiuMrri"i? juiviioocu by the b' j A nd o,1 f 'he Fathers of thtt UCVOIUU 'li. aside fr n v 1: Aiioib. r ruttrnU'.M." f-X f'.?. rt-h.lt I hi' - . K'tlVi ff sv. 1 Si .llNtlilion IVtilionv. THE LETTER OK RICHARD M. JOHNSON TO LKWIS TAPrAN OF NEW YORK, wrO de- ;Tu.5ENT TO THE PENATlf AN r'.iriTioN, signed by 40 . .lll.V. '' .. i. "' irton. March 23. 1840. ' our i ttnrof tlie 7tli instant was ,v veci iVi'd. - rjcfosinff a petition to ConTCbry sit:u !y440 Avomen of the cuy tin-; ...limty .of New York! praying l-r iu ..sbu,.:oa.or slavery. in the Pistrict of Jv; ijibia, and in those Territories of i ; v!' -tutc where they exist, and to re;Vh. i '! r io lay the same before the Su..u '. I havo ;!tio received" your letter c ire nth i')s .rui , -requesting me to in firm you when I WouM frsent the peti tionit f, perhapi, due to the fair peti tioner,' an to you, their organ, as well ah to myself?-'" slate some of the reasons which i.ctite i-n course. The constitu tion! ri ht of i ution is contained in th firs-t .iriiclvc of atV' ndments, as fJlows : C'.ncrt -s shall maVc p 'aw respectinir an cs- tiiblisliMit mi ofr'ligiiin, ht prohibiting a free cxer- i-e tlii reol; or ubrultringthe treedom of soccch. or of th J'n-; o the HghVof the people jieace alilv k im-ii ihWc, anJ to pctiuvn the tiovernincnt r n r.-.; Tv-t if grievances." 'iii:;eshas never maue-a law abridr- ig i'-i! riL'lit ; but the people assemble at ilitaure.rd petition at pleasure for a r. ri'S3 of grievances. Of courseus part ,r ' .- o .''tr-'n-has not been virlnU'd : and if it, tli I not exist, Congress couldnot ...,..:..,i:.,.,..n.. i 1 , . ' uiiJ- i.u.u- i,.i.r. Jiut; IIUSHUU BUCn $ i,W l.; - , I 1 t ' uvv.ii.ir':, j. .o , c in n power is ueiegated t Co res.. This' rioht.- rescrvp.l thn t O 9 vl Ulv uco',1..., Ous not devolve upon the nrcsi- u : ifii er of the Senate the obligation of ii .tUv ' IK'UItottH of evervnP.inMh ivt -. ' ..... 'i'l.yi considerations of a 1..1 .i elevation above that standard, which ; pi-iiticrj, well of a constitutional -nn xcsjve oanKing prouuecs, is wholly '.urc, wr.i t; would not permit me to prt I wurrout hencitt to mo laoorer. ;i ni pfTiinsoi a character evidently hos- "If, therofocc, you should, in some degree, re- tile to t'l'1 Union, and destructive of the dace the nominal price paid for labor, by reducing! '..r i iiil, s Ml which it is founded The luc ainouni oi your oaim replies wiuiin sine and . , reasonable limits, and establishing a ! utWallic basis I !' ' for your paper circulation, would this injure tlii' ' laborer! Ourt'iiiy not, liecausc the price of all ; m . the necessaries nnd comforts of life are reduced in , tho same proportion, and he will be ablo to pur chase more ot them for one d illar in a sound itatn of the currency, then ho could have done m tkt. '' dmis uf fxtravw'imt expam',ov, for a dollar nnd a Sv.t.- 1 1' ctt- York. Thrv h..v fh.-! .ir,l:, eif:i bo.lv I? )fcl. because it w-idd, bo a d'-raal U;r; ft&-( J. dijjo'ily, She "d-'.es not take ri t ariiis t "' i "stitufe, -who rcpn.'Sei! ts iter 1 "V'S. : H drudtMics. Kvery uiau is r.W-jii V;' ilJ ...... IIIIUICI. , ,, The mistake on the subject of "Euro-j pean despotisms" which has cat-ed the attribution of the sentiment wl"'ch is quo ted at the beginning of th paper, has, in like manner, arisen fr.n not observing a what period of tinc in the history of our "vast but cvffehanging expansion of lh currency' that comparison with foreigr countries is made with any disadvantage to America, it will appear tliat he un clarcd those cbuntries to have an advntit age over ns only at those times whet thrc is an extravagant niflation of th currency here. His language is plain, but has not been attended to. He limit the epoch of contrast, both at the btin ning and the end of tlm "rr'mrnt, fa er precise terms. At the comnni;nt.t.t t' that part the disci'on 1,0 1:l.vs Jt particular ttag ' ' our trpnutvtn., wt night with juntiw apj-iy ihe prinffi,ilr which 1 have stated to our trade thri. coimtiies. and assert that from the gn-iit r-diirnlurify efo-orcur- )(r 'citTJll, 1 r.-ii( j, nnicu-a are n.nnuiciun.l in r idiice iui" fiennany for one-half of their - ' countr! ' , i.i i oi ihe Revolution made great -jc- l' hi i iouu and treasure to establish i'''' :i ii.ii 'the doctrines set forth in the I r i!i. i of Independence. E id State tr.' v :i independent sovereignty, fid v-rjicpnal confederacy ' fyr tile iv iii.d bonclll of the whole, eniuOu- e.i it i .'Ctnncs oil i Km aj-'ivn. s.uno: right to consiuer the '.vtoiiuon pt slaverj' in New York at grfovi'mjp, and tj petition Congress to establit it tJirrr, as thcitizt n-! f.New Xpffc' have ' ?& c-i-s'tder it a. grievance, in nhA: District, nd petition sCongres.s tft 'abolisfcl'if . Thtir right m either case t asSemble'peaceably and make their petition, 1 do not call in question ; but the obligation on my part to present it to the Senate, I do not admit. If a number of citizens should consid er a republican government agrierance, and petition Congress to establish t "mon archy ; if others should consider religious toleration a grievance, andpetition Con gress to destroy heresy by abolishing all sects but their own, I should noconsider it my duty to present their petitions to the Senate, nor do I consider it my duty tol present a'petition, the certain tendency pd'werhfr cbttntry-'r ibes, becait winch is to destroy the; harmony and eventually to break assunder tlc bonds of our Union. ; In regard to new States the case is,' if possible, still stronger. , They must be? united upon terms of equality, -EaQh, State having reserved the. right of. regula ting this subject for itself, no one can be f .: .1 t. P f. I consutuiionauy uepnveu oi tne ngnt. The State of New York has abolished Javcry, but this abolition is ntthe con dition upon which she Jidda hor place in the Confederacy. It in her own policy, and if Jt shall bo her pleasure to channel . !r.. - a :r ii, oongrcBs cannot imerieru u new States, aro admitted into tho Uitign, when admitted, they will stand upon an establish OTidjonsh slavery at their pleas ure, and ncrijher Congress, nor any other of the States ill have any more right to inlcrfcro witK thfc subject, than with the laws of primogeniture in the British em pire. The object of the petition does not affect the abstract question of slavery, that is a subject which the Abolitionists' of the five States can no Tnore affect than they can that of the privileges of the British nobility. The plain question is this : shall we continue a united, confederated republic, or shall we dissolve the Union? If the prayer of this and similar petitions should be granted by a majority of Con gress, the inevitaole ellect would be in immediate deslnfction of the Confederacy, and with ty, those bonds of affection which have -united us as one great, one harmonious family. . It lias been my grief to observe a recklessness on'lho part of some, whom I otherwise lyglily fsteem, showing, anTutterHisccgard of alhne c6iisi- Wiucnccs whiel) must result from the per petual agitation Of this subject. We have an hitcrest'at stake ,'U0 dear to heroin profited for a phantom wliich wo can never gain, however enthusiastically we may pursue it. . As a free'".! powerful, and a happy .nation, wdTstand unrivalled in the annals of the world "" , " Turning the eye alternately to every regi-u 0f 0ur country, it'ls greeted wttlrj mc fmjM,.tf happfn-, nmiif thfl sci-nes :d pcaee, and plenty, iut.I ytl L-Xis'auwi? f. i n. ii .Vft-i.- rslm 't-.tra r.ttyv t.z ?;l. ia-i-M ru '- - c-:-eay I f: i.-'-f tr-Ji como ;t:c-ir mrf -..z-fy rftt r?et ItvOiTl i: TU'lCr, o k , i ' h jurious notuiiejv, to present a pttT i .t i ,i from females, ) ot I shdud'eg4rd -bvv$ji ly as a matter of courtesy, V1 itmt , s'-itutior al right. '" Thu rfgh"- & wpM r R- f are secured through the, coat $4 , their fathers,' their htisbalw!, ti'l fi. brother. It is' the right' rf 'a woipah' 16 C maintai iVmodest tcHrciaerf '.Jft fy "b'ti; vr" .jfa of politics W war.- 'yiteqiriivot' aj ff- at the polls o vote. l.ecnust itoy U yifa'fK! leged t) be iniprestti I '?d t the.4 vby;i riu.iii. She does not serve on juriei :ir pVvf j; the dut cs of the balli (T or'thi' xwukvf'ti- ki iw. .it :': I .. . .i inpii'..iic oi interest - nu oetiii;' wis i-.-1'h.Mrirj- That comproiiitse was luide, I tiiC f.incjple which your fair pvaion-r.-i ;re i :pw agitating, wm settlev. 'i''u- riglit of .. . nUting and ab.l tbing slavery '. -m t' -rv .! to the States, and Congrci !!:!!' in iiu.t; right to destroy tlavcry in j;. . a :u.irvlanu than tuey have to '. u try in New York, or f libeittrv..1 pcffecflaw it custom of 4 honor, to protect and f erv&. 'uity V t tlie light in vh1chhoIalr'.fXfM;;vy'4W- h ,-g the " womau.'.Bhe, i jeilod KupS. i p f even in religious dX"nii;Wvt0ic( V she is unwortky, ' butat tfciJ is , exempt 'from -tho , trjfo f, yi, 4 ' ; it is hr.f right ly o-soMit, 2t;'vi ?l modesty hich remVis her 'f.il,i ndoifatkm fnd. sfcejiH ''i Ia.M Xfyty the Conitfuuion ct onr coonav W&.ii--' !iabd uif'rtVthvi 'prmviplcsoiT .Y.fi :nj"ti IflW., Tf th Vrrhla t.t ttiin m ' .tBt 1. i, '- they. are, ceurrss ?o:;fl jrnWi jr"ttlpff"4 . and Jhe. h oei k'JL"" ': rhujrJki .i - - least inamd- meddle V;tS ' tcrs. -.1 'crriV.Tcma3ci -'.wj,o inrMj. v tions wow! I tt..U.-t u tliiWlstioil' ! sht'X hi (.ty rdum- ' of their hrne. ant to be arc ;sSo'rj; in Bny Oegrie, ra-t upon an m divi.j of lb.?,:- "ir.h, iJ-'''.- modest digrity U glory c f r.i.;, j--'',. Thus, iV I liav finkly- 'Jail.'y.' v views in returning ti pnuttcj-, wlM i ;- , , , now do.. I trtt: t yoii wi'l d-j rUiiu ift V' disrespccffi.1 to yon, iv to 'M hd? j'yr , whom you act. i? a. w-e'' tliat, Tot y t ttx- ( s Solf inftui.' , il'i I ... . KtJ . ..' . .' " .. ......v. w. -u. i i 'i m'i ti reuppct anocouKU serve yotfpr tonally I'p-culi i -give me great 'pbjaM do so. j Tfccith. ) astrangcr to tiyr'guV of the t I do not doubt !i!-p-c,abili- vf di'e cliarter, -.nd 1 i-t p')' ph qwsftij tVir' df to per f i -i.'V', with whi'-n.4v,. -i ot "iiisii -xit'iv 'UY' in:t.,?J;-" : v-t.t- tir - v j 17 but with ie cantt b mail iy l l u-jlj; r ' Iw fAPf.A . ' ' I A AHc noVt be p'-ti ec.fui VI. M. Ivq. - . N -W Y rk Ciiv '.fHV'J fi.f tlpML' mi' i 1 lnfo f-xi 'A late rvtcfiea paper mew ! somovntcrest i:i.a.-)inatton X ,,ueujv priU(J,3 unon jt. InraUi-rfs which K' Jls m of the p: , t wfii-'t tlu se blessiif. .,v;c g;,iriCl. wc compare our cOfKttvirh th .t nf ad joining co!c:.i9 ? " AVc 'bV. yi., (.Cc!i ami "there ."Montgomery f J i"c , ',. t'-rn to view the be-iuuft-l i-wn otV fti--i tlr our rin-l on U itikc. iiiil .. i V,..TiT. r'n .(. W-Vf t?t:' ile'iixhUTh! C' .'r' ofCoi.ivi M.y there Woodier Ji-l. I vV o r JctmC) irtai e my i las ,"kaMi I' :rest to tlie.t cottdri ttjf , ..at tVi'V X' sar iiiorin iHjy lur-uN'vv lives, for .a-ipro:rr 0,o o '..;;5 in British. In W. A - MjBrinT . izizPrri and ot iuisi.ir.ba. vo '-; 5'-T' wiihont .Vsj'to I'Jift'i f.f,"i lhx'-r t' "like d. A vi.-tf Vf .--i'S-x nt ition, hie!- ?y45 v ' ' K- jy ini'.e n'ir'ofiscrva'iort il.to- 'Tf'tun- tiif rifit-A aro ir-v-v w iib t'ner A v ...... i .. . ... M r Mi.rmhr.,1 ' r.vf-n fri.m tfio C.nnTt 1 pUmtatlOt, tOoU MtU UU0'" j t " I . "r-1-Ti ""c-v' - 21... r ill which wr- arc asscmblw'. - t' .i . - i. to IV 'UUt, n:M uu' t1'. !;; if1 t'l V ttflicn n.'iniml 3 tliat t!ie mighw Washington i: I 'I'iarl The right of petition for the-'.!. ibrs thtro, who f,Mo'k th? pcace ! '.i ;' reei;irncal ; and the obligation -. i ful tnades I ir tf- tiU, th; dangers, u:u i i ;.r- t j ng iitlicer to present a petition I Mi. Scmfv-, if it exist in either case, is thcjirivativ.-:- ;' il ;rfr',:ino Ilrld, wberi, witfrthe thousati'''! if oi.iCfS t.;qu;ilv K'-x' Hi 'ly tt inig in both. But I fAiinot'.. pairtodc,. tiie eoeu,! ' ur righ's 'iff obligation in either case, 'Todgj the rigbtf the pco- j i t a difforen niaIo be , ,.V' 1 : Son'u pftson I. riul.ulelpU- biivel.v ;'un thu Oimui'-v tn: of ', It I. c, v,-.-,-o ik." uted. , Jt in im i i-f , tv';: I n-Mblti tV iK. 'j.-jpM S ''-J''' ",!' o.p.i()a'' iV ve, in ,..y:.tm.i:i. Hi.li'y,;,,.- f.ut J'aXX. 44l' -e. j -K't'!'','rf nW; nio'.'the Hi-v-'-.r-, I fcfJy Ciies t;l.iit'"i. ''K.lp . : y t 'a irfci f..4Stj.bii,-antU j ' - -,' " '' ';'b'w . :.?m 'Uw f--V'fte ,U' ftj'weo cw .J.,J,t. . . l:;cj land ahe Virginia, Iron.';' fx-m! itfayRuiy,!.? httmbi.. f lliffr &.,vmi$z- t-i'lffn 1 t11-i :.(lriMitii)ft WW - f'Ov'-'C DOSllfi "ahii i '. .... t.!'.'.'''-.-'' -." i.'.'UP7.'iniUrt.uoii to oiia DifMrtct hv thdsiu Slattj i.byiltrfa;iiiiatit- and adoption o' " iifv ' ; .v.- 'I nations, iX?.-""'