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THE 1MJNOI FREE TRABEM; Our Country, her Commerce, and her Free Institutions. VOLUME I. OTTAWA, ILLINOIS, FRIDAY, JULY 31, 1840. NUMBER lh PUBLISHED WEEKLY BT GEORGE F. WEAVER & JOHN HISE, Canal Street, neurit opposite the Mansion llw. terms: Two dollars and fifty cents per annum, if puid in advance; Three dollar if not paid before the expi ration of the first nix months; And three dollar and twenty-five cents if delayed until the end of the year. . Advertisements inserted ot H per miuarc for the first insertion, and 25 cents for each sub sequent insertion. A liberal discount made to . those who advertise by the year. All communications, to ensure attention, must be post raid. JOB WORK Of every description, executed in the neatest nrnn- manner, at the usual prices. Ottawa is the scat of justice of La Salle counly ; is situated at the junction of the Fox river with the Illinois, 290 miles, by water, from Saint Louis, and mid-way between Chicago and Teoria. The population of Ottawa is about one thousand. C 031)1 1 N I C A T 1 0 . S . For the Illinois Free Trailer. To the Electors of La Salic count) . Fellow-Citizens: It was not my intention of appearing before you as a candidate for re-election, in a more public manner than the announcement of my name in the "Illinois Fkke Trader." I had decided upon this course from the fact, that nearly every voter iui the county was acquainted with rue, and Villi many of whom I had transacted business ; and believing as I did, that you would exercise the right of suffrage in favor of that can didate for Sheriff, whom you believed most worthy of your support ; but, hav ing received letters from different parts of the county, informing me that emissaries (I wo from Ottawa) were busily engaged in circulating all manner of evil report against me, and as it is impossible for me to contradict those reports successfully, in person, I deem it expedient to address you in this public manner. In proof of the assertion that Emissa ries were abroad, I lay before you the following letter from Troy Grove Pre cinct : Troy Grove, July 25, 1840. 1 ff'm. JleJdick, Esq. Sir, we understand that some serious charges are alledged against you, with re spect to some of your official acts as Sheriff, in. the affair of W. T. S. Lavinia, and also the manner in which you have treated prisoners in the jail. The last, charge you will find by examining the re port of the Grand Jurors, at the last Feb ruary term of court. The first charge in case of Lavinia is, that after the order for his committal to jail, that you neglected to put him in jail, until you was requested by citizens of Ottawa to do so, and some signs of tar and feathering manifested. We had also understood that when ques tioned why you dealt with Lavinia as you did, that you stated in effect, that you was in Lavinia's power, and that Lavinia could ruin you. We thought you would con sider it a favor to have notice of the char gas that you might be able to satisfy the public of the facts in the case. Yours respectfully, H. THORNTON, J. II. KINYON, J. JOHNSON", " It. K. SWIFT, JAMES N READER. In relation to the charge of ill-treatment of prisoners, referred to in that letter, I call your attention to the following affida vit of Morris IV. Martin, Deputy Sher iff, who was perfectly well acquainted with the manner in which said prisoners were treated. State of Illinois, La Salle County. scr. Morris W. Martin, first being sworn, deposes and says, that he was Deputy Sheriff of said county during the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine, and the month of February, one thousand eight hundred and forty; that having per sonally attended to the prisoners confined m the Jail ol said county, was well ac quainted with the manner in which they were treated, during his time of service. And he further deposeth and saith, that they were invariably furnished with irood and wholesome provisions, such as were used in the Sheriff's family; and with one exception, the prisoners confined in said Jail, have spoken in terms of well treat ment. And he further says, that Eli A Butle: , complaining of ill-treatment to the committee of Grand Jurors, was in all respects treated in the same manner as other prisoners ; and after he (Butler) had complained to the Grand Jury, Samuel J. Parks, a prisoner during the time of But ler's confinement, stated to him, at the time of said confinement, and repeatedly since his (Parks) acquittal, that the pro . vision ana treatment while in J an, was much better.tb.an he ever expected to re f ceiva in any Jail ; and that he felt grate ful to Mr. Reddick and his family, and would ever remember the kind treatment he received at their hands. And he fur ther says, that the said Butler, while con fined in Jail, was unruly and abusive, and frequently was admonished of his con duct ; that he was present in Court, at the February special term, when Benj. II. Mooers, Foreman of the Grand Jury made the report relative to the Jail, and the treatment of the prisoners : and said report having been read, His Honor Judge Ford, enquired of the Foreman if they had ascertained the truth of the statement of the prisoner ; to which the Foreman replied, they had not ; that it was only the statement of the prisoner, and it might go for what it was worth. MORRIS W. MARTIN. Subscribed and sworn to before mc, this 28th day of July, A. D. 1810. J. CLOUD, Clerk. Were I disposed I could easily multiply depositions, showing that the charge of misusing prisoners was a downright base fabrication ; but I deem it unnecessary. The Jail of this county, hardly worth the name it bears, is a disgrace to the county in which it is situated term after term of the court has the Grand Jury condemned it in the most positive manner. While several persons are confined in it at the same time, it is utterly impossible to keep it in a condition that it might otherwise! be, were it differently con structed. Respecting the character of the said Eli A. Eutlcr, I take this opportunity to state, that he was the most abandoned villain that I ever had tinder my charge. He was convicted at the February special term of court of stealing a horse from one of our farmers, and by me conveyed to the I'enetentiary at Alton he has since elud ed the vigilencc of his keepers , and made his escape, and undoubtedly, long ere this, has resumed his former calling. Knowing, as I did, the character of this individual, I kept a vigilant eye upon him ; and for the reason, that I prevented his escape from custody, or in other words for having faithfully performed that duty, which my fellow citizens had confided in me, I am made the subject of personal abase. In relation to the charge of official neg lect of duty, in the case of the People vs. Lavinia, I lay before you the following certificate of Thomas J. True, Esq., Co roner of La Salle county : I hereby certify, that complaint having been made to Lewis W. Link, acting Jus tice of the Peace, in and for the county of Lasalle, against Win. T. S. Lavinia, charged with the offence of being acces sary to an assault, with intent to kill and murder, upon the body of Jaincs Clark, a State h wnrrunt was issue;l and placed in my hands to execute J by virtue of which I arrested s..id Lavinia, and held him in confinement; and that on the evening of the last day of the investigation, sufficient evidence having been adduced to, in my opinion, implicate the said Lavinia, upon the adjournment ol the court, I requested the Sheriff to confine him in Jail, who up on my first request, personally .convoyed the prisoner to the; Jail, and in my pres ence locked him up. T. J. TRUE, Coroner of Lasalle county. Ottawa, July 2S, 1810. It will be perceived from Mr. Truo's statement, that Lavinia was arrested by urn, as Coroner, to lohom the writ was addressed and given, that he (True) held Lavinia in duresse, and when application was made by said True for the confine ment of said Lavinia, I personally con fined him in the Jail cf said County, where the said Lavinia remained, until Dr. II. Hurlburt, his physician, request ed his removal to some other part of the building, as will more fully appear from the Doctor's certificate. This is to certify that I, Harmon Ilurl but, Physician to Wm. T. S. Lavinia while being confined in the Jail of La salle county, made application to the Sheriff of said county for his removal to one of the open rooms, believing as I did, that close confinement would endanger his life, and at my request, said Lavinia was removed to another apartment, better cal culated for a person in his situation, HARMON HURLUUT. Ottawa, July 28, 1840. As regards the charge, I was made to say "that I ivas in iMvinia's power" or in the power of any other person, I un qualifiedly pronounce it a BASE FALSE HOOD ; and worthy only of the black heart of him who gave it utterance. I regret being obliged thus to speak of any HUMAN BEING ; but he, who would lend his influence to asperse the character of the man, who never injured him, deserves the mark of Cain, and the utter contempt of every honest citizen in the community. , A report having been put in circulation, that I am a defaulter to the county, I take the present opportunity of pronouncing it FALSE, and challenge proof of the as sertion. For proof of the situation in which I stand to the county, I refer you to the following certificate of Henry Green, Esq. I, Henry Green, one of the Commis sioners of La Salle county, do hereby certify, that William Reddick, Collector of La Salle county, appeared at the June term of the Commissioners Court, and stated to said Court, that he was prepared to make a settlement for the Taxes due the county and state, whereupon the Court made the following order : "County Commissioners Court, June Term, 1810. Tuesday, June 2d, 1810. Ordered, that William Reddick, Col lector be allowed until the next regular term of this Court to make a final settle ment for taxes by him collected, for the reason that the sale of lots and lands for taxes has not been completed." I certify the above to bo a true copy from the record. July 28th, 1810. J. CLOUD, Clerk. And I do further certify, that I have this day examined his account with said county, and lind that he is perfectly able to settle the same at a moment s notice. HENRY GREEN. Ottawa, July 28th, 1810. Fellow - Citizens ! I have refuted one by one the foul and slanderous charges preferred against my official character; and I trust, should other charges of simi lar nature make their appearance, you will treat them in the manner they de serve. I am not conscious, I have met the expectations of my friends in every re spect, but this I do say, I have endeavor ed to discharge the duties of my office with impartiality and to the extent of my abilities. Fellow-Citizens ! if it should be your pleasure to re-elect me to the office of Sheriff, I have but to say to vou, the duties of that situation shall be performed impartially, and I trust, to your satisfac tion. I remain, Your obediant servant, WM. REDDICK. Ottawa, July 28th, 18 iO. Firr the ITiiuix Free Trwhr. To the Sectors of I.a Salic CoiMM)' A certain Larcular haviiir inst maiie its appearance signed by William Red dick, the present Sheriff of the county of La Salle, in which certain reports are mentioned as having been circulated by "Emissaries," two of whom are said to be on an embassy from this town, travers ing the county for the sole purpose of preventing the re-election of said Rod dick ; it becomes necessary for some of 'those Vho are opposed to his re-election to the office of Sheriff to explain, or rather unravel the mystery which hangs around some of thi things which are presented to the public" in the shape of facts' in said circular.- - . , ' With regard to the let er, datel Troy Grove, July 20th, 1810, addressed to said Reddick by sundry good citizens of that quarter, it is necessary to say a few words, not merely to the letter itself, but to the Tu. er in which matters contained in tha.4 letter are passed over by the depo sitions of Morris W. Martin, deputy sheriff, and Thomas J. True, coroner. The first deposition taken appears to be that of M. W. Martin, and is no doubt in tended to clear up one of the reports which the said letter from Troy Grove mentions as having gone forth about the ill-treatment of prisoners confined in the County Jail, awaiting their trial. Mr. Martin in his deposition says that Samuel T. Parks, one of the prisoners confined in the county jail awaiting his trial at the last February term of the Circuit Court, repeatedly, both before and after his (Parks) acquittal, told him that during the term he was confined in said jail " that he received much better treatment than he ever expected to receive in any jail" it is probable that the poor fellow when tel ling this to Martin, might have thought that the lact of his being a prisoner, any treatment was good enough ; and upon the liberation of said Parks, he, in the hearing of sundry citizens, declared, that the filth in the cell which was daily ac cruing and from which no pleasant odor could come, was not removed for several days at a time. He also declared that neither he or the other prisoner confined had a sufficiency of clothing to keep them warm, and also, that at times, they, mean ing both of the prisoners confined, had not a sufficiency of food. These facts were stated in public by said Parks, after his liberation, and if affidavits to the same were necessary, they could be easily pro duced from more than one in whose hear ing Parks stated the above. It is un necessary to saynore on this subject, oth er than to produce from the records of the county, the following document, a part of which at least will refer to the case in question. The public can read for them selves, it is not a garbled, or far fetched statement, but a plain exposition of facts: " To the Hon. Thos. Ford, Judge of the Circuit Court, held in the county of Lasalle ami state oj Illinois, February term, A. I). 1810. The Grand Jurors, empannelled and sworn upon their oaths present, That part of the jail of said county, in which pris oners are confined, to be an unfit place to incarcerate any human being. The cell in which the Grand Jury found the two prisoners, now awaiting their trial, is a cold, dark and dismal looking den, ICTT'lG FLOOR OF WHICH IS COVERED WITH FILTH, AND THE fERiONS OF SAID PRISON ERS INFESTED WITH VERMIN. Oil ma' king enquiry of the prisoners aforesaid relative to the manner in which they were treated by the Jailor ; their reply was), C7" THAT NOW THEY FARED TOLERABLY WELL, BUT AT SUNDRY TIM!' SINCE THEIR CONFINEMENT THEY HAD BEEN STINTED IN their FooD,3l and that during the re cent severe cold weather, they had hard work tJ keep from freezing to death, be in deprived the enjoyment OF A FIRE, and the comforts of warm clothing, there by endangering their lives, and rendering their confinement doubly miserable. Signed BENJ. II. MOOERS, Foreman and others on said Jury In tho above document, the two prison ers arc mentioned, and the purport is that both fared alike, there is certainly some ambiguity about the affidavit of Mr. Mar tin in reference to what the foreman of the Grand Jury told his honor Judge Ford, the affidavit of Mr. Martin speaks of a prisoner the report of the Grand Jury speaks of the prisoners, meaning all who were confined. Charge the second in said letter, which the deposition of Thomas J. True is in tended to cover, requires some looking o- vcr. The name of Thomas J. True used to a deposition taken, it appears in like manner with the others presented, but which for some cause or other is not sworn to. The public can read tho saiil deposition for themselves, and the re marks which follow in Mr. Roddick's ci cular, and wo ask them, and especially those resident in the town of Ottawa, who were personally knowing to the arrest of Lavinia, and the excitement which prevail ed amongst the citizens, when it was known that said Lavinia was at large, and not confined along with his accomplices. We suppose Mr. Reddick yet remembers the excitement tvhieli pervaded the com munity on the night that sundry citizens hinted that it was hid (Roddick's) duty to lock up Lavinia in safe-keeping. The cir cular of Mr. Reddick states that the writ which was givcn Mr. True for the arrest of Lavinia, was directed to him as Coro ner, and that consequently said Lavinia was held in duresse by said True, nnd the said Reddick had nothing to do with the confining of Lavinia until he was deliver ed over to him by said True. Does Mr. Roddick, or the writer of his circular sup pose that the people of this counly know not the position of this matter ? Did not Mr. True, in the capacity of Constable, arrest Lavinia? We know that Mr. True is the Coroner of the county, and we know that he is Constable too. The subterfuge resorted to in using the word Coroner will not do ; it is well known that when a Constable arrests a prisoner, and delivers him up, that he is in the charge of the Sheriff or his deputy, and that the public look to the Sheriff alone for his safe-keeping. With respect to Mr. Reddick being in the power of Lavinia, fcc, we say noth ing, not having heard such a remark, un til the same appeared in print in said cir cular ; but we know that when a certain letter was produced in court, during its last session, that Mr. Reddick testified un der oath, that he believed the same was not written by W. T. S. Lavinia. The report about being a defaulter, must have been made by Reddick himself. His disturbed imagination must have pro duced this at any rate it was not afloat previous to its being given in his own cir cular. But now Jet us refer to some few of tho reasons which wc Het forth and substan tiate, to show that the charge of official neglect of duty is not to be passed over, and we think that on the day of the elec tion, the good citizens of .his county will bear them in mind when casting their voles for an officer who should discharge his duties in the most exact manner. Read the following : STATE OF ILLINOIS, ) La Salle county, ) ' I, Benjamin B. Reynolds, of the coun ty and state aforesaid, do rfrtify, th.it William Reddick, Sheriff of said county, had placed in his hands on or about the 12th day of October, A. D. 1838, a cer tain execution against Crook and Camp bell of said county, amounting to some 410 dollars, that said Reddick collected said money, and loaned the same to William E. and Geo. W. Armstrong at 12 per cent interest ; that said Reddick showed to me the notes which were given for the said money, and informed me it was the same which was obtained from said Crook & Campbell under said exe cution. The records of the county will show, that said Reddick did not pay over to the proper officer the amount of said execution, until long after the proper time forsodoimr. BENJ. B. REYNOLDS, Sworn to and subscribed before me. this 29th day of July, 1840, Jabez r itch, J. P. Also, by reference to the books in the Clerk's office, we find the following Exe cutions which were put into the hands of Mr. Reddick, to wit : "Fine assessed against Wm. E. Arm strong versus the people 83 and costs. Execution issued July 30th, 1839. 'Fine assessed against W. E. Arm strong of $30. Execution issued on the 31st of July, 1839." 'Fine assessed against Jas. Mahoney $3. Execution issued Nov. 22, 1839." Fine assessed against J.. Mahoney 25. Execution issued Nov. 22, 1830." "Fine assessed against J. Mahoney $25. Execution issued Nov. 22, 1839." 'Fine assessed against Mary Maiiard $25. Execution issued Nov. 22, 1839." "Fine assessed against Wm. Mostin $25. Execution issued Nov. 22, 1839." "Fine assessed against Patrick Feelcy $2(3. Execution issued Nov. 22, 1830." "Fine assessed against Frank Farrell $23. Execution issued Nov. 22, 1839." These Executions have never been returned, which the books in the Clerk's office will show, for what reason we cannot say, other than this, the day of election v:s approaching, and like a good, true and efficient officer, caring for nothing but tho securing of his re election. The Sheriff may have thought it was not necessary to be too riged The law allows 00 days for the return of an execution, and if the same is not re turned 'y that time, it is considered virtu ally dead. Wo present these documents to show some of the favors given to 'some individuals, who arc using all their influ ence, and exerting themselves to procure the re-election of Mr. Reddick. It is well known that the opponents of Mr. Reddick have been stumped to produce any document tending to impeach his official standing, and since that course has been resorted ".this paper is written and subscribed by MANY CITIZENS, among whom are the "Tim EMISSARIES." Ottawa, July 29, 1810. C7 The same subject continued in the inside form LITERARY MISCELLANY. From the Sandy Hill Herald. TO "ION," GREETING. I SEND Til IS ii v n i. Creation' works, great God, are thine, The dark, deep, boundless sea, The corals in it waves that shine, Tlio fish tlutt (.port through fluxhing brine, The green weed that in cluster twine, Dclong alone to Thre! Thine too tho sky, so fur and bright, The winds that tan it, free; The stars that gild in vault at riight, Tho gentle moon with het mellow light, Thnt comci to gludden tho weary sight, Belong alone to Thee ! The Earth, the Earth, no fresh and fiir, Sj beautiful to me ! Ttft mount. lind towering Vid the air, ft sparkling mines of diamonds rare, Itf silvei streams and deserts bare, Belong alone to Thee ! The whole, the whole, the wondrous whnle, That is or e'er dial! be ! AH height and depth, from pole to pnle, The lif'Iess dust and hu.nan soul. The various nytcnij a they xA, Heling alone to Thre ! To Thee! to Thee! we raise the son;;, We raise the hymn to Ther .' The winds shall watt iu song al mc And bird and bent the stratus prolon;, For unto The they all belong, Belong alone to Thee ! Fort Ann, July, 1840. e. d. sir jt. DIVIDE LOVE. What is more tender than a mother ' lova To tho 3wcct infant fondling in her arma f What arguments nerd her compassion move To hear iu cries, and help it in its harms 1 Now if tha tendered mother were poess'd Of all the love, within her single brcsot, Of all the mothers since the world began, 'Tis nothing to the love of (!od for man. Hymn. Progre"i A Thought. Onward is the order of nature ( It U written on the streams as they flow, and the planets as they roll ! Onward is the order of intelligence. What was man what is he ? He stood upon the beautiful earth a sav age. The mighty energies and attribute;? of his spiritual nature were enclosed with in him, for time had not unlocked the ca ket. The perception of his senses were his guides of thought. The howl of the wind thorough the branches of the forest, had to him a prophetic meaning, for he could not trace the sound a m5 Bterious agency ; and iri the quiver ing of the leaves, liei recognized the ' finger of a God ! The blue concave it bove him Was a mighty and solid arch ; " and he saw the light and felt the heat of,;!; the great ball of fire that came up on the. one side, and went down on the other, and there he worshipped ! There was a spirit in the consuming fire that burned upon his hearth stone.' The thunder came ; and the thunder was the rolling of the chariot wheels of offended deities, and the lightning the dreadful weapon of their wrath, and he knelt before the altars he had reared to the invisible Gods be yond the wonderful arch that spanned his sight. He stood by the outstretching wat ers, and it was the might of dread and adorable spirits thatJifted the huge waves, till their white capped crests seemed to dash against the 6ky, while the twinkling stars were the lamps of heaven ! What is man! A portion of time has mingled with eternity, and the casket is unlocked. Man rides upon the wings o! the wind, and it is his minister; He hears it howl, and sees the quivering of the leaves, and smiles unmoved at his triumph. Like a scroll hath he rolled back that blue concave, and surveyed, with mutual vis ion, the f ir reaches of infinity. He hath measured the light and the heat, and he tclleth of that great ball of tire, whence it conieth, and whither it goeth on its 4na jestic round. The consuming fire obey elh his commander, and there is to him a pleasure in the voice of the thunder, and the flash of the lightning, for he knowcth them. He carccreth on the roaring waves and those twinkling stars are indeed, the " lamps of Heaven; for they are like that great ball of fire though far far remov ed, and light the Universe lIIaringloh. A Cnpe Cod Boy. In Rev. Dr. Pallfrey's Barnstabb Cen tennial Discourse, we find the following spirited and accurate sketch of a nonsta ble boy : "The duck does nrt take to the watsr with a surer instinct than the Barnstable boy. He leaps from his leading-stringa into the shrouds. It is but a bound from the mother's lap to the mast-head. , He boxes the compass in his infant solilo quies. He can hand, reef, and steer, by the time he flies a, kite The ambition cf this youth is 'to witch the world with no ble scumenship and his manly inarirc is on the mountain wave, his home' no, no ! I am too fast his home is not npr on the deep ;' and in his widest wander ings, he never forgets that it is not. His home stands on firm land, nestled among some light houses, which, in the blackest midnight of a polar winter, his mtiid's cye sees, casting their serene radiance oa the wide waters, to guide him back to the goal as it was the starting-place of his life's varied voyage. While he keeps the long night-watches, under the cross of the southern hemisphere, his spirit is travel ing half around the globe to look in at tho fireside, where, the household duties of the day gone through, tho mother, or tlie sister, or the u il'c, or the dear friend that is not wife, but shall be, is musing oa her absent sailor. The gales of Cape Horn, or the monsoons of the India sea, are pip ing in his cordage; but clearer, ; ar.d through and above all their roar, his ear is drinking in the low, sweet voice, that is lulling here his infant's distant slumber. And whether his eyes, with the conscience pride of art, thr- thing of life' he is man aging, as, all tight and trim, hor upper rigging sent down, she leaps free -and surefooted, poised by a scant edge of main-top-sail, from peak to peak of tho now-rising, now-subsiding watery Alps while his hoarae voice, amid the mad up roar of the element" guides her fierce way, as if by magic or whether, on the quiet Sabbath, in the gayish sun-set, or beneaih the broad enveloping moonlight, his beau tiful vessel skims under the line, over the level floor of ccetn, with all her snowy togging (I should say her Bravery) set, as gentle and noiseless as a flock of white doves still, till, loved spot of bit na tivity; . . .. ... ' Where'er he roams, wh&'errr rraline to so, '; His heart, uottamelled, fiindly turns to. the.' EajT f the Mn. t .wv ,V, Sleeping with the window "open to be come cool, nnd waking cp with the rlni- 1 I! i 7 I.