THE ILLINOIS FUEL TRADEJl.
ron tub iLLixom rtcx Tinnr.n.
1 love thee, solemn Night !
The hour of twilight, shadowy and dim
. AVhcn insect voices sing their evening hymn
, To the departed light i ,
. .... " ' -
The flowers are slumbering
The warbling turds have sun themselves to sleep ;
A "I ut trie nighl-uuvvii tlirough (lie azure iieej.
Wheeling on rapid wing.
The irtaM are looking forth
tr m their far distant watch-towers nightly p.-i-ji-
Like angel sentinels forever keeping
, . . Wafch o'er the quiet earth.
'-. ... And when Night's lovely qn.-eii,
,"V iih all her starry train appear on high,
.Walking in brightness through the azure Ay
How glorious is the seenc .'
! How beautiful is Niht !
'.More beautiful than langu.i?e can c.jiu. ;
Fillini; the iniml with dreams of lov. lin.:
' ;'. "And visions of delight.
,, ,.j Vet nig'ut haih iglw and Icum,
And mournful voice whiso'ring of the pant ;
The light und shadows on our jm'Jiuay ea-tt,
s Through I sueeeeding years.
Anil in a slow, sun tone
Tho voice of memory on theeur ia falling ;
13 nk to the min i in color bright recalling
' Pleasures forever gone.
, Night hus been given to sleep
But mcmorj' often chimes slcqi nwaj ;
And griefs that slumbered quietly by day,
Awake at night to weep.
. Yet thou art beautiful
' With all thy mournful memories, oh N inlit !
And very soothing in thy tranquil light,
Even to the Borrow ful. 1. .
Oxtwj, Sept. 13.
"JUSTICE AND EQUALITY."
THE FREE TRADER.
Wearer & Illse, lUlitom.
Ottawa, 111., Friday, September I NO.
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN CANDIDATES, IS-IO.
. . -FOR PRESIDENT s
JIAICT1. VAN Kl HI'V
. FOR VICE PRESIDENT:
KICHAKD IB. JOIINSOV
FOR ELECTORS Of PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT:
ADAM W. SNYDBTt, (. Clair county,
ISAAC P. WALKER, of Vermilion count,,,
JOHN W. ELDRIDGE, uf Conk comity,
JOHX A. M,C'LERNANDl6Vifttnmn
JAMES H. RALSTON, ofAduma county.
; Th Appioneliliig Conteit.
It must be obvious to every sincere democrat
that nothing can better insure our miccckh in the
approaching; contest than a perfect unity of uction.
The principles which the democracy hac always
been tailoring to perpetuate tho principle pro
mulgated by Jcflerson and maintained by Jackson
and Van Buren arc of such vital importance to
lh welfare of our republican institutions, us to
demand our ulmo4 activity and viijilimcr. ,.We
wo the opposition, composed of every hue and co
lor, moving in a soli J phalanx. We see the north
ern abolitionist, in his hypocritical garb, lending
Ilia aid to tho opposition candidate; wo ace the
outhern slave-holder, sacrificing the principles for
which he hns heretofore nobly contended, lake to
his bosom the adder which threaten with ils poi
sonous sting to pierce hit heart, by supporting a
sndidnU? for the presidency who owes bin nomi
nation to the abolitionists of the north ; we see
masons and anti-masons, Tarilf and aiiti-TarilV
men, and all the various other factions discontent
with the pure precepts of democracy, lay asido all
pretension to principle, and join in one mighty
crusade against the present administration. Our
country is inundated with pamphlets, biographies,
' pictures, and song books, printed at an enormous
expense, by funds which we have reason to be
lieve are not wholly furnished by Americans.
The fundmongers of Europe cast a wishful eye to
wards the Western Hemisphere, fondly anticipat
ing a change in the administration us more favor
able to their aristocratic and monopolizing princi
pics, and are willing to furnish millions for elec
tioneering purposes if they can gain their ends
in H these things, where is the democrat that
can consistently with his duty to his country, re
main idle 1 Our own state tlie "young giunt of
Democracy"-Crnt and decided us her sons may
be in the good cause, should be active and vigilant
We should be prepaicd to meet all emergencies.
If our opponents use deception, trickery, orfaUc'
hood, we should be prepared to meet them, nud
promptly expose their machinations.
We need but refer to other states to aec (heir
character in its true light. In Pennsylvania
after they had been defeated at the ballot box, we
have seen them "treat the election as if it hud
hot been held," nd march ffletn hundrtd armed
men to the capilol to overawe and intimidate the
,i,.,n,w.r.ti-memlicrs of the Icaislat urn. In New
Jersey we have sera tlicui set aside the election of
the people nd eond men to Coiigrese with uo oilier
claims to seat but the '-broad eeal of the gover
nor. rt Ilk New Orleone w e have seen them convey
the M't le, after the poll bad been closed, to
bor.Ung bouse, to he examined and altered i and
at Louiaviile we have acen them totally disregard
the election ami poll hundred of illegal
: Totes. With theea facta botwre u whal may m
nut expect from them at tho eppfort!g contest?
'Cher have their all at stake Is the pieent contest,
ml wW atrWvy aarve Uaw vjtonotra, ; ! nu
. . Htl t
will ever wave her wir.tfs hiirh o'er this heterogene
ous mass of political corruption.
Let the dciimcrjti, then, arm themselves for the
approaching content. Let every one that can, at
tend the meet in a; at tho court house on Monday
evening next. Let u organize, icid prepare to
meet our Protean enemy in whatever shape he
may appcir; and La fa!le will in November tell
a t ile thut will not noon bit ilirjotteii.
.tyrirtilttirul .TItii.-.k. .
'I'hc l.'iiion A Kricult ural Society will hold a
mei-limr at Naperville, on the '.'J'.h idt., ut 10
oYluck, I. M. James ''. (iifl'onl, Kij of Kane
coi.intv, will deliver un addietni.
tlur leoih-rs may remember that a few week
ao e.e intimated to the editor of the Peoria Re
gister, that, as ho had published the speech of
Jude Otfle, in which the must unmeasured abuse
is lic.iped upon President Van Hureti, fairness
.v.iul.l rvepjire that he should let bis readers see
the reply to it of Ciov. Lincoln, u whig member
of Congress from Massachusetts. We considered
this suggestion the more s'rtinent, as the Register
had a few weeks previously, in publishing Jude
Ogle's rtpecch, even expressed a willingness to give
the President the full benefit of the defence set up
for him in Oov. Lincoln's speech. It seems we
were not alone in making this request of the edi
tor of the Register, for in his last we are told that
an intelligent friend" has made a similar reipii'Ht ;
heri;ujM)ti ho assures his friend thut "men have
strange fancies," und tells us we have "mistaken
the whole tenor of Mr. Ogle's speech and of (iov.
Lincoln's reputed 'reply ;' " and, "piuming thut
ithcrs may have fallen into tho sanm error, he
cheerfully undertakes to set them right."
Now, what reason the I'.egister has for believing
lit we, or his "intelligent friend," have "mistaken
the whole tenor of Mr. O's speech or (Jov. L'
rrply," we are unable to conjecture. For our
part, wo never mentioned a word about them, ex
cept in the small article quoted by the Register.
I5ut "men have Htrrtiigo fancies," Ac, Wc be
lieve, however, the editor of the Register is mista-
en in his belief that (lov L's speech "is gravely
put forth us a reply to the statement concerning
tho extravagance with which the president's house
is furnished," made by Mr. 0. We ulway s thought
and still think, it was "put forth" "to show, (in
the language of Gov. L. himself) the absurdity of
the intended application" of those statements; to
prove that the White House and its furniture arc
the property of the nation, whose Concern it is to
keep them in order, and if it provides an appro
priation to furnish the house decently, or splen
didly, the president would be culpable in refusing
o apply the money so appropriated; to prove, in
hort, that Mr. Ogle's attempt to saddle upon Pre
sident Van-Duren the extravagance with which
the White llouso is furnished was a complete
failure. Tor this reason, therefore, because "it is,"
the Philadelphia Nationul Uarctto, a whig pn-
per, says, "a tutirjueitWi viiuicuimii oj trie i iw
dnil from umj llamt thut uwy be ullackd to him
fir iKrmmil extravagance," it is "gravely put
forth -audjl ia for Una reasoivwe presumeiut
be of the Register, instead of complying with the
request of his friend to publish Gov. Lincoln's
speech, has gone to work to "net him right J"
Although it i not material to the defence of
President Van lluren whether a single item which
Mr, Ogle has included in his list of purchases is
false or not, we cannot agree with the Register
that "not a sinylo one has been disproved." We
believe it hus been satisfactorily proved, that Mr.
Lincoln was correct in suying that tho "famous
linner set of gold" was purchased by Mr. Mo.iroe
while minister to France, and were ufterwards ta
ken by the government on his election to the pre
sidency. It appears, too, that theso marvellous
gold spoons, knivo furks, iSic, were but silver gild-
' The French chairs, too, wcro purchased by
Mr. Monroe, and their "repairing und covering,"
or which the President is so roughly handled,
onsisted in having tho imperial ennvn of Napo
leon, for whora they wero originally made, taken
off, and the stars of our country substituted in their
stead. The "French bedsteads," ulso, it happens.
were made in the United States, and were only
French in name. " French nmhogony" exists on
ly in the imagination of Mr. Ogle, for no such
wood ever grew in France. We Inl'ieve that
many similar misstatements might be pointed out
in this famous sicei h, if any one chose to under
take the task ; hut as it is upon the whole a very
"small business," we presume no one will ever
put hiuiiH'lf to any trouble on its account.
, l Rplle t'onnlT against the Stole I
Large Mask Mtluii.Nt. John 11. ilotdord, of
Munsontown, in this county, prcsontcd us a musk
melon weighing 21 J pounds. U was cultivated
on his farm, and of ils delicious ipialitit-s we, to
gether with several of our neighbors, can testify.
Wo defy, cither " Hawk Eye," " Wolverine,"
"Hoosier,". or any other biped in tho adjoining
States to beat it I A 9 to the worn-out soil cast of
the mountains, it cannot produce one hulf tho
site. What say you of the Trenton (N. J.)
Amu amu.1i Large VegdubU Egg. Persons
desirous of seeing a largo vegetuhlu egg, weighing
2 pounds, cultivated by Mrs. W, W. Thompson,
in this county, can do so by calling ut the store of
Messrs, Ciishiuati A Thompson. It IS decidedly
the largest wc have ever seen, and well worthy
the attcutioi) of agriculturalist. ' '
" V Vermont Kleelioii, .
This state has gone for the Whigs as usual, und
by an increased inujoriiy. We have, not yet re
ceived the otlieisl returns, but the Whigs claim
the five Congressmen and a majority of J or 6,000
for Governor, Last year the Whig governor had
between two and three thousand majority.
- Maine comes next. We expect belter news
from the "Boundary lloya.''
Ki-Oovernor TaaeweK, of Virginia, the Hon,
Joel Branham, of Georgia, Mr. Chandler, dis
tinguished whig of JVew York,' have renounced
die Opposition, kn& Are now battling on the side
of Democracy, f ' ' "
aWsassH aaa ''',
'S American Knit!.--' Hrisburg Key.
J., u lt V!nArtn$ fMt the F'Wiwwor
Mr. Xorrl.f, of Philadelphia, for TWO HUN
DRED LOCOMOTIVE EN'Jl.NKS, forty of
which are to be dcli-.ercd each year ; fur which the
Emperor is to pay $i. 100,000. Thi tc eiiginci
are principally ti ran upon the tlrcat llailroad,
now in construction between tt. Petersburg and
Moscow. We believe Mr. Norris had previously
made a contract to furnish several engine to the
(loveriiincnt of Austria, and our readers will re
collect seeing it stated in the papers, that the loco
motive of Mr. Norris took a premium in Kniiland,
lifter a full and fair trial with many other.."
V'ail'p .S.'iu'h-, of New York, has been ap
pointed by the president, Consul of the I nited
Mates fur the port of Liverpool, in the place of
fy:iiici.i 12. Ojnleu, resigned. -His euininissiou to
Ic.l.c t'l':' t from the 10th of October next.
1) irllt "fa.1 Vditur. F.lihu F. Marshall, editor
of tl. -New (leili FaMicr, published at Roches
ter N. V. died on the 29th ultimo, utter an illness
of about three months, 40 year;'.
S-njmlitan I:iL-mniti.'tU 7th instalment of
the Neapolitan Inde-niiity ha I""'' b.v ,hc
':.! i." The New York Journal of Com
merce, in the notice of the market, says : 'Ih-,re
is quite an improvement in the dry goods busi
ness, mid for all goods there is a very unumeal
readiness to pay cash. Tndo was never so
ficturn uf Me. Miilili nh;r. We learn from
the Reading (Pa.) Eagle, that II. A. Muhlenberg,
Americaii Minister at the Court of Vienna, wa-
expected to have taken his audience leave of the
Emperor of Austria, about the first of the present
mouth, preparatory to his departure for the west
of Europe, whence he will leave for the United
Stales early in the fall.
Land Sale. It appears by the Burlington
(iazettc, published in Iowa Territory, that tt large
portion of the pine lauds laving on the Wisconsin
river, will be olfered for sale ul Mineral Point, on
the fifth day of October next.
Altered NjIcs. Ono dollar notes on the Mor
ris Canal and Banking Company, altered to tens,
are in circulation in Ohio and New York.
', ogrest of Crime. The New York Mini bays:
A fellow in Nateher. was taken up the other day
for robbing a fellow boarder, lie was a Darning
Master, and acknowledged that his first crime was
cheating a printer. Truly, "the way of the
transgressor is hard."
ll:allh itfliwi', The Burlington (iazettc says:
Wc are happy to hear that general good health
prevails throughout the Territory. There is no
sickness whatever in Burlington."
KashaMa (III.) L'iml Office. Mamn.-l Craw
ford has been appointed receiver at this office.
The Sparta Democrat says: 'fThis appointment,
weia-licvCr- wilL givegeneraLsatisfaetiou. ,Mr.
Crawford formerly represented this county in the
legislature, and is well known to the citizens of
" Old Randolph." "
Fanny Elsahr, thedanseue.has been amusing
the inhabitants of tho Atlantic cities during the
summer. The New York Herald gives tho fo!
lowing statement of her receipts so far:
New York, (1st engagement.)
New York, (2d engagement
Making neatly an average of $4000 per week.
The Democratic Piirty.
We doubt whether the democratic party
in this country ever stood, at any period
of its existence, in more favorable contrast
with ils adversaries than at the present
moment. Whether we look tit principles
and measures proclaimed, the candidates
nominated, or the tnelhoda by which they
arc recommended to tho people, the ad
vantage is immensely on the side of the
It is true that the essential difference
between the two parties, in regard to prin
ciples and measures, has always been the
sanic the policy of one party has been
to accumulate power, privilege and lnllvt-
enco in a few hands', and the aim of the
other has been to prevent and dissipate
this accumulation. Hut the late commer
cial embarrassments have greatly aided
the spread of democratic opinion?, and
showed the mischief of that system of
special and officious legislation upheld by
the anti-deiiiocralte party. 1 he latal re
action of that system has chastised men
into juster views of things. It has both
purified the democratic party, . among
whom were recently a largo class that ol
fered incense to the idols of our enemies
and it has made the whig party, us it
styles itself, ashamed to avow its doctrines
or disclose its intentions. 1 here never
was a time when democratic principles
wero maintained in this country, in more
purltyt with greater precision, and with
inoro boldness than at the present mo
otent. ..There ncver ,was a time when
tho whigs were more embarrassed to
defend their own doctrines, or to npolo-
gize for .the measures of public policy
which tl.py have all ulong proposed nm
urged. 4 Tncy have resorted to the expe
diency of dropping these subjects" iutil
after the flection of President, "fcceptug
them in reserve from a criwciousnesa of
their odiousness . and unpopularity. In
doing thU they have taken a course which
must cool the attachment of their own ad
herents. Men cannot feel any enthusi
asm for a party which lias no declared
object, and concealment will always beget
distrust and urtci"n. - ; : ;
differences between the two parties exist.
The democratic candidate is it inun of de
cided opinions, completely identified with
the public policy of the democratic party,
the representatives of thoe, who hold to
the simplest possible maxims of srovern
inent, to the least possible interference
of law with the occupations of men. His
competitor is a man whoso principal pe
culiarity is thut he refuses to profess any
political opinions ami asks the people el
the United Slates to take him on trust,
without the least previous security for
what he will do if elected. JIc and his
friends arc modest enough to exjiect that
the people of the United States are ready
upon their simple request, to take a leap
into the dark without knowing where thev
will alight. It is not necessary to take
much trouble to show that this expecta
tion is a very absurd one.
Again, as to the modes which the two
parties have taken to recommend them
selves to the favor of the people, the dif
ference is equally striking. The demo
cratic party appeal to the reason and ge
neral interest of the community. Whe
ther this be the c fleet of a higher degree
of virtue, or whether -it be the efl't?ct of
.sheer necessity, it w hardly worth while
jo pjiquirc; it is enough that the fact is
so. parly, we admit, is compelled
to take t.'iis course. Their principles and
their metres are before the public, and
it behooves them to conciliate the f.ivor
of the people hy showing that those prin
ciples are true ai.'d those measures beneli-
, , . ,iv' - . .i
ctat ami lust, ij.e pany, on me
other hand, having n measures in view
which they are not at j;re.ent ashamed or
afraid of to propose, resort to methods
some of which are absolutely childish and
others disgraceful to a set of Vt.'lar catch
words, which have not the lexst relation
to any course of public policy, to parages
and pageants, and to the organization of a
system of convivial clubs, for the purpose
of drinking Harrison into the Presidency.
X. V. Ih . Post.
Morr Indian Outrages.
The St. Augustine News of the 21st
tilt, gives tho following detail of recent
outrages committed by the Indians :
On tho 12th inst. two men were fired
upon at Hope's, seven miles from Mi
canopy, and Smart killed, and Lerien
badly wounded in both his leg.
Shortly after, the Indians made their
appearance at Fort Crane, carrying off
corn lrom the fields, and It ring at two of
the citizens, wounding both of their hor
ses. The men escaped.
On the 13th inst. thev Cued Upon a
body of soldiers at Mcintosh's field ; two
of the soldiers killed, and one wounded.
Portions of five or six families have
been murdered near the Georgia line.
On the night of the 8th inst. Lieut. B
II. Arthur, commanding at Port Barker,
Cook's Hammock, Middle Florida, with
a detachment ot his company (E. 1st
Infantry) surprised a party of three Indi
aus, about 7 miles from the fort on the
road to Tallahassee, and killed two ins
lantly; the other ran into the hammock,
and it being very dark he could not be
A murder of four persons named Coscy,
took place, by Indians, at New River, on
Tuesday, the 1 1 tit inst. near 'Pigpen's
On the 2Gth bit. as private M'Dowall
and Harligan, of Company K. 3d artille
ry, were proceeding from Fort Lauderdale
to the river, they were fired upon by
Indians, nnd were both severely wounded.
I hey will both recover.
A good deal of sickness exists at Black
Creek, and several cases have terminated
('titling down llicirowii Ilit-korif
Four hard cider poles Phtelnis, what
a name ! were cut down last week, three
of them on the evening of the convention
which settled the present anti-masonic
ticket I There was quite a row kicked
up when the disaster was first discovered,
but every thing has been hushed since it
is ascertained that they were cut down oy
the JIarrisonians themselves! It would
have been a fair opportunity to fire away
on the loco focos, but, alas '. the gun,
Thus "aimed at duck and plover,
, tamed and kicked the ownrrt over.'"
Lancaster (Pa-) Intelligencer.
The importance of well ventilated
rooms cannot be too strongly urged upon
the attendants of the sick -who, too often,
regard the presence of a little fresh air as
of not the most beneficial tendency, and
close tho windows and doors with as
much care as if the deadly Simoon was
rasinsr without I A free circulation of
air is not only beneficial to persons labor
ing under a severe attack of illness, but is
absolutely necessary for the preservation
of the health of those who linger by the
bedside of n descascd. friend. , It ts said
by medical men that there is no kind of
"malaria" more pernicious und fatal in
its effects, than tho poisonous atmosphere
of an unvcntilated chamber, where a per
son is suffering from the violent attack of
ad acute disease. Here often lies the
mystery of tho contagiousness of disease.
A celebrated English physician, (Dr
Smith on fever) says that the room of a
fever-patient in a small and heated apart
ment, in a populous city, with no circula
tiott of fresh air, is pcrfccUv anaWous to
burning sun, her still and pent up wind,
her stagnant and teeming marsh, manu
factures plague, on a large and fearful
scale ; poverty in her hut, covered with
rags, surrounded with tilth, striving with
all her might to keep out the pure air,
and to increase the heat, imitates nature
but too successfully. The process and
the product arc the same, the only differ
ence is the magnitude of the result. le
nury and ignorauce can thus, at any time,
in any place, create a mortal plague.
llostim Mercantile Journal.
Areitleul Ml n nnip lcrliu.
The .Mount Pleasant (Ohio) Kcgister,
of the 'JOth tilt, says a serious accident
occurred at the Camp .Meeting held in
Kedstnnc Circuit, near Smith's mills, in
this county. During the gust on Sabbath
the storm prostrated several trees immedi
ately round the encampment. A large
limb was torn from a tree, partly demolish
ing two tents ; it fell upon a group of
men standing outside of the tents.- Sev
eral were severely injured. Some had
their arms or legs broken j the breast
bone of one man was crushed in. One
named .McClain, has since died, and
another is not expected to live. Several
carriages were overset by the wind, and
the horses ran oil' with the vehicle attach
ed to them.
I. il'c nt Wittering l'laces.
The correspondent of the Philadelphia
Ledger, writing from Cape May, gives
the following as a night or rather inoruinr
scene in the main gallery of a hotel
there. The only thing we cannot under
stand is, how the correspondent happened
to be awake at such a time. We recom
mend the husband to provide himself
with a duplicate key :
(Tap! tap! tap! in a low nnd gentle
(Tap! tap! tap! a little louder.)
(.Still no answer.)
(Tap ! tap ! tap ! a full octave higher.)
"Who's there J" (in a loud, and 1
thought, for a female, a very determind
"Only me,, my love ;" (in a soothing
loud whisper, rather strongly contrasted
with the voice from within.)
"Well, Mr. T , this is too much;
but I vow I won't get up." ,
"My dear, do pray rise and let me in."
"I positively will not. I gave you
fair warning I would not thus be disturbed
every night. The children, you know
very well, can't be got to sleep after thev
are once woke up." (I could testify to
the truth of this part of the conversation.)
"And this is the fourth night you have
beeiuupJialf thenightrplay4t:g -eards-and
stuffing crabs and champagne. 'Tis too
My love, recollect 5 do for heaven's
sake keep quiet, and let me in j this is all
d d nonsense. I mean this is per
fectly ridiculous. Just remember where
you are, and talk lower ; I'm not deaf."
(After a pause ) "My dear, there's
no earthly use in your standing there.
You ought to know by this time that
when I say I won't I mean I won't ; and
get out of bed this night I won't that's
And to my mind the case was clearly
settled the tone this was uttered in leav
ing little room for hope. Alter a consid
erable pause, during which lime the poor
hen-pecked husband, no doubt, was cast
ing over his mind what was best lo be
done in the emergency
"My love, do I rightly understand that
you really intend I shall he locked out
"Yes, my dear, 'tis precisely my in
tention, and to-morow night you will
come to bed in seasonable hours."
The following morning, at sunrise, as
is my custom, I was on my way, with
slippers and gown, to bathe, when I met
Mr. T , parading the piazza. lie
never gets up till the last breakfast bell
"Hood morning, Mr. T . Why,
this is reformation. How came you up
so soon r
"Why, the fact is ha ! ha ! ha ! to
be candid with you the the truth is,
am up a little earlier than common.
The fact is I didn't sleep very well last
night. These cursed mosquitoes ! The
wind brought them into my windowbit
me too, the d dest. I swear I never
was bitten so before in all my life."
The Coos Democrat happily defines
the political position of Gcu. Harrison,
"In politics CcH. Harrison seems to
have taken his ideas of policy from canoe
navigation, nud is plying his paddles on
both sides of the boat. Ho will find out
his mistake before he finishes his voyage.
There is only one stream which can be
navigated in that way, and that is Salt
The follow ing squib is from the Buffa
lo Republican :
"If old Satan should lose his tail, where
would he get n new one t"
, D'ye give it up ?
Why, he- would go to the log-cabin,
where they rt'tml bad spirits.
. Gen, Harrison i not properly koown
by the present generation. Herald.
" True "'l hv i'' !?.'
Jrtri r-ton's Principle.
" Equal and exact justice to all men,
of whatever state or persuasion, religious
or political ; peace, commerce, and'hon
est friendship with all nations, entangling
alliances with none : the support of the
stale governments in. all their rights, as
the most competent administrations of our
domestic concerns, and the surest bul
warks against anti-republican tendencies :
the preservation of the general govern
ment in ltd whole constitutional vigor, as
the sheet anchor of our peace at home and
sab-ty abroad : a jealous care of the right
of election by the people ; a mild nnd
sale corrective of abuses, which are lopt
by the sword of revolution, when pence
able remedies are unprovided: absolute
acquiescence in the decision of tho ma
jority, the vital principle of republics,
from which is no appeal but to force, the v
vital principle and immediate parent of
despotism : a well disciplined militia, our
.best reliance in peace, and for the first
moments of war, till regulars may relieve
them ; the supremacy of the civil over
military authority ; economy in the public
expense, that labor may be lightly bur
dened ; the honest payment of our debts,
and sacred preservation of the public
faith : encouragement to agriculture, and
of commerce as its handmaid : the diffu
sion of information, and arraignment of
all abuses at the bar of public reason :
freedom of religion; freedom of the press;
and freedom of person, under the protec
tion of the habeas corpus ; and trial In
juries impartially selected." Jefferson's
Here is im article from a lulu ntunhcr of the Pi
cayune im the subject of Hanking, which we have
re.id vi;h great edification and s.itinf.n tiou.
K' yi lone.
The two friends, Sam Jonsingand Pete
( ! umbo, met last night on the steps of the
Commercial Bank. The burthen of their
discourse appeared to be upon banking,
and a part of it we publish, as throwing
new light upon the subject, which has
never been touched by ( Jeorge. "I say,
Sam Jonsing, wat you tink of de banking
swistem in general don't you link he is
subject to many 'buses and odcr fringc
inenls upon de consti;shuni generally ?"
"Well he is, Pete, dat's a fack. Among
odcr tings dat is democratically wrong,
dar's one ting dat appears to hab been
oberlookcd from de fuss an ebil of de
greatest magnificence," " Wat's dat,
Sam ?" said Pete, looking as wise as an
owl. "Wy, youb often noticed, iu
course, dat one genimcn takes in all de
money, and neber pays out de fussrcd
cent dat's what I look at. Den agin,
.t..'. ,;.. n. :..
de money out and neber receives noffin.
:ot neber. Now to purtend dat dat s de
tir and 'gitimate way to carry on de
biz'ness of bankin, to say dat dat's de
way to regulate de exchanges, is wat any
oncandid man, widont stinction ob party,
will neber disagree to Don't you tink m-
yourself ?" "Well, I does. I don't see
myself, how dey can eber balance deTe
recounts, Sam. "Dey neber can. De
ting is unpossible. I doesn't pity de man
wat takes in de money, but wen I sec do
man dat's oilers 'bout payin out, de
sv iinpalliics ob my breas fairly boils obcr,
tnd I sometimes feels dat you and I, Pete,
cannot be loo tankful dat we is not in his -
place. Is'nt it melancholy to tink ob .'"
Orful !" said Pete, and we came off.
Precision of Thought.
Without this the iniud is not exercised,
and knowledge is not gained. Marly-'
when called to give a definite account,
can do nothing but hesitate and stammer.
Why? Because their impressions are
general and undefined.
Definitions arc pivots of knowledge.
He who has the definition, has got a'l ;
and he who has not got a definition, has
got nothing but an indefinite approxima
tion to knowledge. Without precision
of thought, it is impossible to define.
Conception!) maybe poured out clear and
beautiful as a brook running through a
mpiulnw In i f thorn will lio lint liitlo
power. Nothing but labor in the work
shop of thought and words, can overcome
the incorrigible propensity of mind to
take the easy course of prosing our words
to one idea.
Show us an enemy of Equal Rights
show us an advocate of special privileges
and bank corporations show us the man
who hates the name and principles "of
Jeirerson, and we will show you a sup
porter of Harrison. You can never mis
take these fellows. Magician.
"Any administration but this !" as the
old woman said when she lay shaking
with fever and ague.
MONEY TO LET in small sums,
on short time, for undoubted se
curities, by R. K. SWIFT.
Troy drove, Sept. 4, 1840. 1& tf.
3 Bales of Domestic SHEETINGS,
just received and for sale by the
subscribers. 'ARMOUR &i LAMB.
July 31, 1840. - II tf.
4 largfi assortment of Ladies' French
Kid Slips and Gentlemen's Pumps
just received and for sale by
, HURLBUT & RUSSELL.
n.. a loin in tt
. tsikiHa, ocjii. icivii '. u u.
"3 LANK SUMMONSES kept con-
(n.tnnll nn k-ml fir tK
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