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5 THE ILLINOIS FREE T DIADEM.. : Our Country, her Commrrrr, flnd hrr Frrt institutions. ,i- VOLUME I. OTTAWA, ILLINOIS, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1010. NUMBER 28. I ri'BUHIIEII WttKLI HT GEORGE F. WEAVER & JOHN hISE, Canal St: ret, marly opposite the Matisitm House. tsr: , . Two dollars and I'iftv cents per annum, if paid in advance ; Three dollar if not puid before the expi ratinn .,fli lira iv months: And three dollar and twenty-five cents if delayed until the end of the year. Advertisement inserted at ft per mtiarc for the flrtt im.vtiat, ail 3" cnt for each sub sequent insertion. A liberal discount made to time who advertise by the year. All communication, to ensure mention, must be post paid. JOS WORK Of every description, executed in the neatest man manner, at the usual prices. OTTAWA i the scat of justice of I.a Salle county ; is situated at the junction of the Fox river with the Illinois, 290 mile, by water, from Saint Louis, and inid-wny between Chicago and Peoria. The population of Ottawa i about one thousand. Auenlo for the. Free Trader. M. Mo rr, F.Ml)iMin, rem, I.o Salle county, III. I). 8. Khkhsol, moil contractor. C (J. MiLLKit, Dayton. A. O. Smith, Smith's Mill. Jjisnx Or lit, Troy ("rove. 7i. V. DmincK, Vmnilionville. - Ktiar PnitT.irH, Murnon, (Indian creek.) V,, Yv. Rrtmit.ii, l M. Ponliac Iter. Moin v, Mor!ptn' Mill. Jim (. Ctipp, Uristnl. Kane Co. III. WitiuM IUxbt, near Van Duron, III. Vim,tit K. UH'iwx. Sunbury, Illinois. llnnt Hun's Hicks' mill, I)e Kalh Co. I!, W. W. Wixx, Oswego, Kane Co. III. Author t PiTir.it, Hoonesboro', Ogle Co. III. THE lYl'ttU AMD A WORD. The freeman' glittering sword be blet "Forever West the fieemnn' lyre "T'lat tin J upon the tyrant' cret, Thitmt the licart like living fire; Well ran he wield the shining brand, Who battle for hi native laud ; Jlut when his linger sweep the chord i That summon heroe to the fray, -. ' They gather at the feet of worda, j , , J.ike mountain eagle to their prey ! Jliil'uil the vale and awelling hill, Tkrt irtft'y bloom on freedom' land, - A iWmK rnt breathe and fill Tke free ma lewl and nerve hi hand j 1 ri flic VrtjjVt H thM Bfte hiu1 uirlh. TTU tmt t all he la ve on earth :" Tor tikis, rrau freedom' trumpet call, " ' Ke wave ea high hi rd of fire ' ' Tatthit, aniidrtJii country' ball, ' ' rppevei at tike tli freeman' 'yro , Hi burning ueattliv may not lend T serve do tin 3 dcptfl' sway . A upt5iaut knee he will not bond, Uefore those tliiugs of "bras and flay," When wrong and ruin call to war, He know the summon from afur ; 1 ' On high the glittering sword he waves, """" And myriads feel thc&efgntu fire, . While he around their father' grave, ' ! 1 .Strike to old strain the frei-nmn' Ivre ! i C'lrcnaMiaatinl Evhlrnrc - The circumstances which I am about to relate are familiar to many living-. In some particulars I have varied from the truth; but if iit the relation of an event v Inch excited intense interest at the lime of its occurrence, I shall succeed in im pressing upon any one the duluiivc cha racter of circumstantial evidence, my ob ject will be attained.' ' ' Hcne:4ji the magnificent sycamores which bordered a lovely stream in the southwest part of Kentucky, a company of emigrants had pitched their encamp ment for the nighu The tents were set up, the night-llrc threw its gleams upon the water, lite weary horses were feeding, the evening repast was over, and prepa rations were made for repose. The par ty consisted of three brothers with their families,1 who Were wemling their1 way to lie new lands oft no distant Missouri. Oft their visages, where ague had left the sallow traees of its touch,1 few of the no- !bler 'traits of the human character were visible;''- Accustomed to reside upon the outskirts of society, little versed in its foriTis, and as little accustomed to the re straints of law; or the duties of morality, they were the fit pioneers of civilization, because their frames were prepared for the utmost endurance of fatigue, and soci ety was purified by their removal. Theirs were not the fearless independence and frank demeanor which marks the honest backwoodsman of our country ; but the untamed license and wiley deportment of yiolcul men, who loved not the salutary influence of the law, nor mingled of choice with the virtuous of their own species. As they stirred the expiring fires, die column of light, mingled with the smoke and cinder," that rose towards the clear sky of the mild May night, revenlcd two travellers of a different appearance, who had encamped on the margin of the same stream. ' One was a man of thirty. e veral years ; ra'ssed in the ' laborious practice' of medicine ' in a southern cli mate, had destroyed hi constitution and he had,coiuq to breathe, the bracing air of a higher latitude. The wing of health had. fanned . intty ncv vior, the waning ed frame. The young man who sat by him was a friend to whom he had paid a visit, and who was now attending him short distance on his journey. They had missed their way, and reluctantly accept ed a sullen commission of the emigrants to share their coarse fare, rather than wander in the dark through unknown fo rests. Hamilton, the younger of the two, was, perhaps, twenty-seven years of age and was a young gentleman of ptepos scssing appearance, of cultivated mind, and of a chivalrous and sensitive disposi lion. His parents were indigent, and he had, by the energy of his own talents and industry, redeemed them from poverty and placed them in easy circumstances. In one of his commercial expeditions down the Mississippi, he had met with Saunders the physician. An intimacy ensued, which, though brief, had already ripened into mature friendship. " Affection knowrlh nought of time, It rbrth like the vernal flowers; The. heart pulse is its only chime, And feelings arc it hours." Together they had hunted over the flow cry barrens, and through the majestic fo rests of their native state had scaled the precipice and swam the torrent had ex plored the cavern, and visited whatever was wonderful or curious in their region around them ; and both looked forward with painful feelings to the termination of an intercourse which had been pleasing and instructive. As they ware to sepa rate in the morning, the evening was spent in conversation in that copious and in voluntary flow of kindness and confidence which the heart pours out at the moment when friends are about to sever, when the past is recalled and the future anticipated, and friendship, no longer silent nor mo tionlcs, displays itself like the beauty of the ocean wave, which is most obvious at the moment of its dissolution. Early in the morning the two friends prepared to pursue their journey. As thuy were about to depart, one of the emi grants advanced towards them, and re marked : 'I reckon, strangers, you allow to an camp at Scottville to-night!" "Yes," said Saunders, "I do." "Well, then, I can tell you a shute tint's a heap shorter than the road you talk of taking and at the forks of Rush ing Uiver, there's a smart chance of blue clay that's mirey like and it's right scary rowing at times," Suppo.:.u!lf lcy had found 0 nearer ana better road, am CW by winch a tlaogcr- ous ford had been avi;.M1, they thanked their informant, and proecCvc" on l'ic'r journey. In some previous conversations, Soun ders had learned that his friend had recent- y experienced Borne heavy losses, and was at this rime much pressed for money, and, wishing to offer him assistance, had, from time to time, deferred it, from the ifllculty of approaching so delicate a sub- ect. As the tune ol parting approached, towevcr, ho drew the conversation to that point, and was informed that the sum of live hundred dollars would relieve his riend from embarrassment. Having a arge sum in his possession, he generous- y tendered him the amount required, and Iamilton, after some hesitation, accepted the loan, and proposed to give his note for its repayment, which Saunders declined, under the plea that the whole transaction was a matter of friendship, and that no such formality was requisite. When they were about to part, Hamilton unclasped us breast-pin, and presented it to his friend. ' "Let this," said he, "remind you sometimes of Kentucky. I trust that when I visit you next vear, I shall not see it adorning the person of some favor ed fair one. . . "I havo not so much con fidence in you," laughingly returned the other ; and, handing him a silvcr-hafted pen-knife, curiously embossed, "I am told that knives and scissors are not accepta ble presents to the fair, as they are sup posed to cut love, so I have no ft ar that Aliuira wil) get this and I know tlat no other human being would cause yon to forget your friend." They then parted. As Hamilton was riding slowly home ward, engaged in thought, and holding his bridle loosely, a deer sprang suddenly from a thicket, and fell 111 the road before his horse, who staned and threw him to the ground, in examining the deer, which had been mortally wounded, and was still struggling, sonic of the blood was sprin kled on his dress, which had been other wise soiled by his fall. , Paying littlo at tention to those circumstances, he return ed home. . Though his absence had been brief, many hands grasped his in cordial wel come, many eyes met his own in love, for few of the young men of the country were so universally beloved, and esteemed a Uamiltoiu - But to none was his return so acceptable a to Almira - , Sho their intimacy ripened into love, and they were soon to be united in the holiest and dearest ties. But the visions of hope were soon to pass from before them, as the mirage of the desert, that mocks the eye of the thirsty traveller, and then leaves him a death devoted wanderer on the arid waste. A vague roport was brought to the vil lage, that the body of a murdered man was found near Scotville. It was first mentioned by a traveller, in a company where Hamilton was present; and he in stantlv exclainieu, "ro tioubt it was Saunders how unfortunate that I left him !" and then retired under great ex citcment. lhs manner ana expressions awakened suspicion, which was unhappi ly coroboratcd by a variety of circumstan ces, that were cautiously whispered by those who dared not openly arraign a per son whose whole conduct through lite had been honest, frank, and manly. He had ridden away with Saunders, who was to have been in possession of a large sum of money. Since his return he had paid off debts to a considerable amount. The penknife of Saunders was recognised in his hands yet none were willing on mere surmise to hazard a direct accusa tion. The clTect of the intelligence 011 Hamil ton was marked. The sudden death of a dear friend is hard to be supported but when one who is loved and esteemed is cut off by the dastardly hand of the assas sin, tne pang 01 bereavement becomes doubly great, and, in this instance, the feelings of deep gratitude which Hamilton felt towards his benefactor caused him to mourn over the catastrophe with a melan choly anguish. He would sit for hours i;i a stale of abstraction, from which even the smile of love could not awaken him. The elections were at hand; and Ha milton was a candidate for the legislature. In the progress of the canvass the foul charge was openly made, and propagated with the remorseless spirit of party ani mosity. Yet he heard it not, until one evening he sat with Almira in her father's house. They were conversing in low ac cents, when the sound of an approaching footstep interrupted them, and the father of Almira entered the room. "Mr. Ha milton," said he, "I consented to your union with my daughter, believing your character to be unstained but 1 regret to hear that a charge has been made against you, which, if true, must render you amenable to the laws of your country. I believe it to be a fabrication of your ene mies ; but, until it can be disproved and your character as a man of honor placed above suspicion, you must be sensible that Uic proposed union cannot take place, and tat )"our visits to my house must be discontinues. " "What docs my father mean V inquir ed the young lady anxiously, as her indig nant parent retired. "I do not know," replied the lover, "it is some electioneering story, no doubt, which I can easily explain. 1 only regret that it should give him or yon a moment's uneasiness." "It shall cause me none," replied the confiding girl : "I cannot believe anything evil of you." lie retired so'ighl out the nature of the charge, and to her inexpressible as tonishment and horror, learned that he was accused of the murder and robbery of his friend ! In a state little short of dis traction, he retired to his room, recalled with pr.inful minuteness all the circum stances connected with the melancholy catastrophe, and, for the first time, saw the dangerous ground on which he stood. hit proud in conscious innocence, he fell that to withdraw at that stage of the can vass, might be construed into a confession of iruilt. He remained a candidate, and was beaten. Now, for the first time, did le feel the wretchedness of a condemned and degraded man. The tribunal of pub ic opinion had pronounced against him the sentence of conviction ; and even his friends, as the excitement of tho party struggle subsided, became cold in his dc fence and wavering 111 their belief of his innocence. Conscious that the eye of suspicion was open, and satisfied that no. thins short of a public investigation could restore lam to honor, the unhappy young man surrendered himself to the civil r.u thority, and demanded a trial. Ah ! little did he know the malignity of man, or the fatal enenry of popular delusion ! He re flected not that when the public mind is imbued with prejudice, even truth itself ceases to be mighty. Many believed him guilty, and those who, dnnng the canvass, had industriously circulated the report, now labored with untiring dilligencc to collect and accumulate the evidence which should sustain their previous assertions But arrayed in the panoply of innocence he stood firm, and confident of acquittal The best counsel had been engaged, and prit in the presence of those before whom he had walked in honor from childhood As tho trial proceeded the confidence of his friends diminished, and those who doubted became confirmed in the belief of the prisoner's guilt. Trifles light as air became confirmations strong as proofs of Holy Writ, to the jealous minds of the audience, and one fact was linked to the other in curious coincidence, until the chain of corroboratingcircumstances seem cu irresistibly conclusive. I lis recent inti macy with the deceased, nnd even the at tentions which friendship and hospitality had dictated, were ingeniously insisted on as evidences of a deliberate plan of wick edness long formed and gradually deve loped. The facts that he had accompa nied tho deceased on his way that lie had lost ihe path in a country with which he was supposed to be familiar his con duct 011 hearing of the death of his friend the money the knife caused the most incredulous to tremble for his fate. But when the breast-pin of Hamilton, found near the body of the murdered man, war produced and a pistol, known to hate been that of the prisoner, was prored to have been picked up near the same spot but little room was left, even for chari ty to indulge a benevolent doubt. Nor was this all the prosecution had still an other witness the pale girl who sate by him, clasping his hands in hers, was un expectedly called upon to rise and give testimony. She shrunk from the unfeel ing call, and buried her face in her bro ther's bosom. That blow was not antici pated for none but the cunning myrmi dons of party vengeance, who had even violated the sanctuary of family confi dence in search of evidence, dreamed that any criminating circumstances were in the possession of this young lady. At the mandate of the court she arose, laid aside icr veil, haggard with anxiety and terror. n low, tremulous accents, broken with sobs, she reluctantly deposed, that the clothes worn by her brother on the return from thai fatal journey, were torn, soiled with earth, and bloody ! An audible mur mur ran through the crowd, who were istening in breathless silence the pri soner bowed his head in mule despair the witness was borne away insensible the argument proceeded, and after an elo quent, but vain defence, the jury brought in a verdict of guilty! The sentence of death was passed. The summer haJ passed away. , The land of autumn had began to tinge with mellow hui s the magnificent scenery of the forest. It was evening, and the clear moonbeams were shining through ihe grates of the prisoner's cell. The unhap py man, haggard, attenuated, and hcart- irokcn, was lying upon the wretched pal et, reflecting alternately upon the early wreck of his bright hopes, the hour of ig nominy tlmt was just approaching, and the dread futurity into which he should soon be plunged. It was the season at which Jus marriage was to have been so- emuized. V ith what pride and joy had ic looked forward to this hour J , And now, instead ol the wedding lestivities. the lovely bride, end the train of congra tulating friends, so often pictured in fan cy, he realized fetters, a dungeon, and a disgraceful death 1 The well known tread of ilur jailor interrupted the bitter train of thought. I lie door opened, nnd as tho ighl streamed from a lantern across the cell, ho caw a female form timidly ap proaching. In a moment Almira had sunk on her knees befcide .him, and their innds were hileutlv 1 clasped . together. There aro occasions when the heurl spurns all constraint, and acts upon its own dic tates, careless of public opinion, or pre scribed forms when love become the ab sorbing and . overruling pashion and when that which, under other circum stances, would be mere unlicensed im pulse, becomes shallowed and imperious duty. That noble hearted girl had be- icved to the last, that her lover would be honorably acquitted. The in lelligencc of his condemnation, while it blighted her hopes and withered her icaltli, never disturbed for one moment her conviction of his innocence. There is a union of hearts which is indestmcti bte, which marriage may sanction, and nourish, and hallow, but which separation cannot destroy a love that endures while life remains, or until the object shall prove? faithless or unworthy. Such was the af fection of Almira; nnd she held her pro mise to love nnd honor htm, whose fidel ity to her was unspotted, nnd whose cha racter she considered honorable, to be as sncrcd as if they had been united in mar nags. AVhcn all others forsook, she re solved never to forsake him. She had come to visit him in his desolation, and to risk all, to savo one who was dear end In nocent in her estimation, though guilty in the yet of the world. with Almira, had devised for the escape of Hamilton. He had consented to al low the prisoner to escape in femals at tire, while she was to remain in his stead, so that the whole contrivance should seem to be her own. "I am a plain man," con cluded the jailor, "but I know what's right. It ain't fair to hang no man on suspicion and more than that," I am not going to stand in no man's way espe cially a friend who has done me favors, as you have. I go in for giving every frllow a chance. The track's clear, Mr. Hamilton, and the quicker you put oulj the better." To his surprise the priaoncr perempto rily refused the offer. "I am innocent," said he ; "bull wouln suffer a thousand dcaths'rathtr than injure the fair fame of this confiding girl." "Go, Dudley, my dear Dudley," she sobbed ; "for my sake, for the sake of your broken-hearted father and sister " "Do not tempt me, my dear Almira. I will not do that whish would expose you to disgrace." "Oh, who would blame me I" "The world the uncharitable world they who believe me a murderer, and have tortured the most innocent actions into proofs of deliberate villainy, will not hesitate to brand you as the victim of a cold-blooded felon. And why should I fly ! to live a wretched wanderer, with the brand of cain on my forehead, and a character stamped with infamy ?" He would have said more but the form, that during this brief dialogue, had sunk into his arms, was lying lifeless oh his bos-om. He kissed her cold lips, and passionately repeated her name but she heard him not her pure spirit had eent- ly disengaged itself, and was flown forever. Her heart was broken. She had watched, and wept, and prayed, in hopeless grief, until the physical energies of a delicate frame were exhausted, and the excitement of the last scene had snapped the attenua ted thread of life. Hamilton did not survive her long. His health was already shattered by long confinement and the chafing of a proud spirit. Almira had died for him and his own mother oh ! how cautiously did they whisper the sad truth, when he asked why she who loved him better than her own life, had forsaken him in the hour of afllictiou she, too, had sunk un der the dreadful blow. His father lived a withered, melancholy man, crushed in spirit ; and his sister hung like a guardian angel over his death-bed, and as lie gazed at her" pale, emaciated, sorrow-stricken countenance, he saw that she, too, would soon be among the victims of this melan choly persecution. When, with his last breath, he suggested that they would soon meet, she replied 1 "I trust that God will epare me to see your innocence established, and then will I die con tented." And her confidence was reward ed for God does iiol disanboini those who put their trust in him. About a vear afterwards, a wretch who was executed at Natchez, and who was one of thfee icrsons named in the commencement of this narrative1, confessed that he had mur dered Saunders, with a pistol which he found at the place where the two friends ad slept. "I knew it would be so, was the only reply of the fast declining sister and soon after she was buried by the side of Dudley nnd Almira. Header, this is not fiction nor tire the decisions of God unjust but his wav are above our comprehension. , . ....... !tlruiorinl f the Urtici. One of the most simple, yet beautiful and effecting customs of antiquity, which has descended to modern times, is the decorating with flowers, the graves of those we respected and loved. Accust omed, as moderns are, to term the ages and usages that arc passed, barbarous and uncivilized, we cannot but think, that the little regard paid in our days to the tne mory of the departed, is a sad proof that advancement in literature and the sciences is unfavorable to the cultivation and growth of fomo of ihe finest, 6wcclest, and holiest emotions, of which the heart is susceptible. We have no desire to be rankcJ among the ultra sensitive: but certainly with us, this in no theme for unbecoming levity. There is a deep- toncu voice in the care and respect which everv ngc una nation ol nntiouitv has shown to the memory of the dead ; there is a divinity that speaks in the lessons from the grave, which cannot be misun derstood, and which finds a response in every soul, not utterly callous and insen sible to its noble destinies.' In tho unfa' ding greea of the cypress and ivy, the an cients found nn emblem of ihe immorta vigor of the mind; and in the annual re aewal of the rose, and the fresh blossoms of spring, a proof, that man,' too, after the winter of death, , and the grave he past, made known to us by revelation, they endeavored to read in the wide spread volume of nature, and the result was such as may well make us blush at the arro gance of our pretensions. Notwithstand ing the disuse and neglect of this remnant of the fine feeling of the hhcienls, among the greater part of the nations of Chris tendom, still there are places where it ia preserved in its primitive and hallowed purity. A traveler assures us, that uki the desperate struggle between the French armies and the Tyrolese peasantry,- when the former were defeated in their murder ous attempts to penetrate the mountain fastnesses of ihe south of Austria, not one of the Tyrolese who fell, 'was buried On the field, but, after the strife of death wti over, was borne by his friends to ' his owti native village, in the church yard of winch, the little green mounds, pianted with flowers, and freed from weeds by the pious care of survivors, still show" the number of those that perished in that con flict of liberty. In ihe Crimea, in Ni phon, on the southern shores of the Me dilcrranean, among the Moors, and; iu China, is still observed the beautiful cus tom of planting and stewing flowers over" the dead ; a custom so affecting find s full of refined taste, that it ought never to be suffered to fall into oblivion, by: those who make the slightest pretences to civi ization. In Wales, when a young wom an dies, she is attended to the grare by icr virgin companions, each one bearing flowers, which, after she is deposited in her last abode, are sprinkled over tho coffin. Over the monument of Klon- lock, the impassioned author ot the Messiah," flowers are yearly strewn. and a lime tree there, ever waves it prcading branches. In that populous city of the dead, ihe Pere La Chaise of the French capital, the cypress, the rose. and the willow are beautifully blended ; and on All-souls-dayj those who hat 4 friends buried there, arc in the custom of visiting the place; bearing garlands. of wild flowers and evergreens interming- ing, 10 place upon ihe graves; The epi-1 taph of ihe founder of Grecian Tragedy.1 le celebrated Sophocles, written by Sim onides, proves that such a custom of honJ oring the illustrious dead, then existed t ' "Wind, ircntle evergreen, to form I hade, . t Around the tomb where Sophocles i laid, i I Sweet ivy, wind thy bough and intertwina i 'i With Mushing roue, and the clustering vuiet So shall thy lasting leaves, with beauty hunj, Prove a fit emblem of tho lay he ung.' . . . ; There can scnrcely bo imagined a moie; elightful place than that valley of unfad ing green, nnd everlasting flowers, whenf Sadi the royal Persian poet is entombed tanx, 01 trie same nation, and scarcely ess renowned as a poet, planted with hi own hands the cypress under which he directed his body to bo entombed," and over which, for ages, his enthusiastic ad mircrs and countrymen1 scattered rosesT and huhg chaplels tf flowers. There ia no place that awakens more deeD and sadly pleasing emotions, than to tread the) ground where those we once loved,; rest forever frotn their sorrows and their careii Lvcry thing disagreeable and repulsive n such n quirt scene, ought to be careful y avoided; nnd every thing should be introduced which can have a tendency to soften the passions, and .soothe and tran quil ize the feelings. Yet how often" da we, in tho sleeping pJace of the dead," to the church-yards of both city and coato try, find ihe graves trampled upon by thl most disgusting of brutes : a cold stone perhaps, to tell who sleeps below; ; butnw flowers are seen to picture, by their re newal, the cheering hope of a resurm lion; lio evergreen to shadow forth :ib immortality of, the dead.,. To the con templutivc mind, there is something pleas ng 111 the idea of sleeping the dreamless sleep, surrounded by tnoso whom we oved while living, and beneath the turf made radiant by the unsullied blossom of Spring. To us, there is another in teresting view of ihe subject,1 and which is so quaintly and beautifully expressed) by Osborne: "He that lieth nndef. Ihff hcrsc of heavenne, is convertible :fnW swete herbes aud flowers, that maye rest 111 bosoms that wokle shrink from Ihe, ugly bugs which may be found crawling: in the magnificent tomb of Henry the YII.W The tame thought occurs in ah Addretf to tho Mummy, hy a later author t V7 f 5 J "0 not like thee would I remain, t ,. Hut (i'it the earth mi ache drew: And in tome rinng bud regain '' ' J" TUe freshness that my cAUJwod iW.'11' For ourselves, much rathef had tire alee) where the moonbeams would Coittert tnW diamonds the dewdrops gathering' on thf rosebuds, than to lie beneath Ihe iTooieof St. Peters and rest where the soft soaih wind would wake the fragrance of Mot oms which affectionate hands INatf pliki ed, than to moulder fn the 'liodiacotereJl chambers of the eternal 6yih, '