Newspaper Page Text
(jj-Wc tak? the following from the Troy Budget.
It is, asSiiinucI Weller would ay, " worry excel lent, nnJ werry much to the point." pay the rixivricit. Original "Lw Tt ii ' A'"i." Here cows winter, liere comes winter, Storing of hail and snow ami ulcct . Tuy the Printer, pay the Printer, Let him warm his hands mid fui-l. Hero comes winter, here comes wiutir, Whitening every hill and dale ; Pay the Printer, pay the Printer, 'Ntnd your money hy the mail, ray the Printer, pay the Printer, All remember his ju.t due. In cold winter, iti cold winter, He has wants us well a yon. Merry winter, merry wiuli r It will he if all do riijht; Pay the Printer, pay the Printer. Do the thin that is polite. Happy winter, happy winter, Hark the jiii.'r'linj; of the bells; To the Printer, t the Printer, What sa l tales their inline tells ! Ah! poor Printer! ah! po.ir Printer ! Your subscribers f.-;!ie a!l ' In the winter, in the winter, Hut ne'er think f von lit all ! "JUSTICE AND EQUALITY." THE FREE TRADER. Wtnrrr A. Blie, l.lilo.s. Olinwii, 111., I'ritl.iy, Jiiiiimry li, I'll. i!. IIenlon's I.eller. Semite C'mmhir, l).r. If!, 1 .!. Drill Sib I nm glad to see thai vmi have hoisted the Van liurcti lias for IS 1 1. This is the third time, since the eoinmeneeiiii'iit of our government, that the demoeraey have heen de feated in a Presidential election, and I think the party should do now as it has done hcrelofoic, and 'immediately take up the defeated candidal-, and move forward with hi. a without division ami without falterin,;. This is the way. the deuioei i cy acted in 17!H, when .Mr. Jell'crsoii was defea ted by the elder Adams, and in 1 '!, when (.'en. Jackson was defeated hy Mr. John IJ. Adams. Ill each of the- eases the demoeraey, instead of wasting their time in vain regrets, or weakening themselves hy divisions, immediately took up their defeated candidate, applied themselves to his proper presentation heford the public, anil carried him triumphantly through.' I am for following the nauio course now, and can see, no reason for an hour' if delay. For one, 1 am Tor Mr. Vnn Uuren against the world, and that upon a full view, and a full approbation of his conduct, public and private, for twenty years past. I want no belter candidate, no better President, no belter man. I want no fairer trial for the democracy thai) n second contest in his person will ullonl. The late election I do not regard an scttliiiit the question of party supremacy. It is a great victory for the federalists, mid a great defeat for the de mocracy, hut the line was not firly drawn be tween them, and I repute n new trial before I can -surrender the democratic cause. .1 want u new trial in the person uf our defeated, but irre proachable candidate, and look for the same re sult in hi ease which the democracy of former days found in the uecoiid trial of Mr. Jefferson ami (Jen. Jackson. Yours trul v, THOMAS II. HK.NTO.V The above letter wr.s written by Senator Hen ton to the editor of the Cincinnati Advertiser, im mediately after be hail hoisted the Van Uuren flag for 1811. This is not the first time that this distinguished statesman and i.teiliiii? democrat has evinced tlu- disinterested motives which have governed him in his public walks of life, and which have k often ( licited the approbation and gratitude of the Democracy. Placed by the gal lant Stale which he represents in the councils of the nation, be there stands in the front ranks of the great Democratic party, whose confidence he has and who glory in his principles ami actions, and the views of no one lire more entitled to the favorable consideration of the party than hi. Well does Mr. IJ. bay '' want a new trial in the person of our defeated, but i a HtPNo.u n t ui.r, candidal'-." Yes, the Dcinoi rutic party want it the parly that has been calumniated, misrepresen ted, and insulted by huiroouery and dancing pup pets, demand a "new trial" a fair and impartial heating of an intelligent nation of frectn'Mi. The rnotlo of our party is and ever has been, 'Pi iuei p'.es, not Men," und the time has rome when it honld be more strictly ihnu ever adhered to. All a true democrat, wanU to know respecting his candidate is, whether he is honest und capable, and will curry out the fame principles that go verned the party during the struggles of 'M and '09. And where is the man that will av Martin Van Buren doeg not po-sicss these qualification:) ? He eunnot he found. Mr. Van Uuren's most vio lent opponents themielvvS admit it. lie is the troii5et:t man the party can place in nomination. IPis principles are known, und so placed that he "who runs may read," nud for them to be known and fully ' understood is i.ulVuicnt to carry him triutnphaut'y through the contest. With all the base and contemptible means umde use of to e cure his defeat, it wa but barely done by only a few thousand votes.' Let us examine the re. nil in four of the larj slates: Mr. Von Uuren lost Maine by 113 votes: New York by 13,20; Penn iyvftiiia, 313; N. Jersey, 2,2S8. In all, MilMV. votes, and thene four state giving 00 electoral vote, which, added to his GO, would make lot). So that, in the face of all this tremendous boast 'iojff nil 'hi 'nighty c,oiiccntratioii of purty and pipe-laying, if Martin Van Uuren had received but 8, 500 more vote in the above four states, Instead of General Harrison, ho would have been cltteted, eriu lut two electoral Vote to spare, The Cppo- .' aitioH have thereforo auceeeded hy the 'kiu of their teeth;" and when can they njruiii ruJIy un- 1-. Unnur ns llipv did uf. tbn Isnt plerlimi 1 UCI UIIV J " - "- - ' Never t tlicy have tho need of their own destruc tion within tlicmselvM, and time only U required to bring it forth. Mr. Van Buren lining ihua placed before the tarty which auatained him, on former occasions, ahould not now be fcreakfn and haft to terminate and justice demand that lie should have a "new trial," and if, in that event, the party is fated again to lc defeated, it rannol fall more gloriously and with n belter and purer statesman, than with MaIITII Y-l Ul HI.N. Q'j-'I'he Saugamo journal is politely requested to use the name of this paper more uiiderstan dingtv hereafter, or we limy deem it expedient to " draw n few of the e .lilnrV leeth." Illinois l.caNliilnie. The proceedings of this body, at the present time, are not particularly inter, sting. W " select, however, such items as are of a general character. Sicniti. Dee. 30. Tlu joint resolution from the house for the appointment of a e!cct com mitleo to dral't a memorial to Congress, praying th j passage of a law giving to actual s -tilers upon the public lmds the right to enter an indefinite iiiim!.er of contiguous 40 ucrcs, wa read and re-li.-rredto tin1 Judiciary committee. The joint resoluti t; lioin the liose, j.rovid.ng t!iat at ill.' nel flection the pe iple be request' d to vote lir or ag mist a onvention for the amend ment of the Constitution, was read, and on mo tion of Mr. Stailden laid oil the table. Jtt. 2. Hill in relation to the Public Square in the oi i jinal town of Ottawa, was read a second time and ret'"ired to the Judiciary committee. A communication from the (iovernor, traus initlin.r a . tl- r from Messrs. Nevins, 'Jd-.vnseud i' Co., N. V.. communicating the iiilvllieu. c ot the failure of Wright C,i. London, agrut for the sale of Illinois llonds; and alsi comuiiinieatim; the further iuformiition that Maguiac, Smith iS. f!.i. have entered into an arrangement with our fun 1 commis. i nier, fir the paynnnt of the Janu ary iiilerc.-t. Mr. Sargent introduced a resolution direeliug the eommitlee on Lie. li.ms to in piiif intotlie ex jiedicuev of so aliieniling the present plan of vo ting lira van- as to provide for the voting by b il lot. Mr. (.'aleuood introduced a joint resolution providing for a convention of the two houses, on the 'llli inst. at 7 o'clock, P. M. for the jiurpt.se ul cleclirig a Fund Commissioner. The l.esolutioii was amended on motion of Mr. Snyder, hy striking out "-lib'' and inserting '!lth" instead end thus amended passed, Jan.o. Mr. Snyder brought up the Hill for the Keornaniation of the Judiciary, which he sustained in a uiasleily manner. The bill pro poses to increase the number of Supreme Judges to nine, to require the Supreme Judges to hold circuit courts in the srieral counties, disjicnsing with the present iiysicm of Circuit CoorH. The grcst change jiroposed consists in requiring the Supreme Judges to perforin circuit duties, as the Judges of the Supreme Court of the I'nited Slates now perform. In 12(, in Congress, when the present I'nited Slates Judiciary system was estab lished, it elicited a long and able discussion, which will be found in (.'ales ami Seatmfs Register of debates. Daniel Webster, Martin Van Uuren Judge While, Col. John ion, John Holmes, Col, Heiiton, John Howan and Klius K. Kane took jiart in this debate, unit ndvoeated the system which the bill brought in by Mr. Snyder in out Senile proposes to establish in Illinois, Hequi ring Supreme Judges to perforin circuit dutirs, t;nys .ltld;',e White, brings them nearer thcpcople. It is a mistake, says another of fhese able men, to suppose that a Supreme Judge acquires more le gal knowledge in the closet, than upon the bench. A judge will hear more law read at the bar in one term, than he would read himself in a year in His closet. i''-er. lloi si: ok Ukimi kskm r a i i v is. We notice nothing in the jiroceediugs of this body, which are of general interest. Mr. Dodge has presented various petitions from citizen of this county, re specting a division ol'lhe mine, but no action has taken place upon them. The (iovernor presented a message to the house, informing them that the Slate would sustain no loss by the recent failure of Wright V Co. of London, who hold bonds of this State. t'llf fCN. Iii the Sknvtk, Dec. VI, Mr. Clay, (Ala..) Irom the Committee on Public Lands, icjioileil the Hill introduced by Mr. Heiiton, for establish ing a permanent piospeclivc pre-emption system. It was read, ordered to he iriule I, and made the special order for next Monday. Mr. Calhoun, of S. ('., gave notice that he would nevt day ask leave to bring in a bill to cede the public hinds to the States in w hich the hinds lie, on certain con dition. In the IIoi si: or lUcHKsi: r in v i.s.the Clerk, Mr.Carland. rejiorted in answei loa resolution of the House, as to the ji iymciit of w itnesses in the ease of Cliarles J. Ingersoll, at the last session. Mr. Uotts oll'cred a resolution directing the com mitlce of accounts lo report the time and authori ty upon which the fees to the witnesses em ployed by Mr. Ingersoll bad been paid. The re solution, after a long and warm debate was pass ed. Mr. l'ihuoro introduced a joint resolution, proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the I'liitcil States, to change the time for llu commencement of the term of Senators und He (iresentatives in Congress from the ith of March to the 1st of December, which was committed to the committee of the whole on the Mate of the (nloii. In the Skvutk, Dec. 2H, Mr. Calhoun, on leave, introduced tho bill of which he had before given notice, to cede, on certain conditions, the public lands to the Slates in which they lie. In the Horn:, a resolution submitted by Mr. K iridan, for an appropriation of $ 300,000 out of the proceeds of the public lands, to continue the Cumberland road in Ohio, iVc, was taken uji,nnd afler mime debate laid on the table yeas 103, nays HI. Auothei on the same subject, appropri ating J 150,000 was then offered by Mr. Prollit, who for. told in a very animated manner the dire ful consequences which would ensue should the House not make the appropriation. He declared that the eight tule of the Northwestern Territory would unite and in their indignation make their way into the hull to ohtuin their right by furrt. He alto talked about nullification, tariff, etc., and concluded by giving the House a solemn warning that ill raaa the rctolutiou should be rejected, the THE ILLINOIS when their indignation would be an all-eonsum- ng blaze, without a pa:tic!c of smoke, which should destrov a! I that was not rmht. Uut inaugre this tremendous s eceh, it was his lot lo discover that tbrcateniiu wa-. a very ut.-';-uble mean of obtaining anything from the House, for in this case, at Ic.M, Mr. l'nffil was iW to get an aiinronriatioii. and his resolution, alter Mr. . Cost Johnson and Mr. Hubbard lu l given him a pretty severe llageltati m, was laid on the table. In the Sn ri., on the ,oth, Mr. Hentou gave notice thai he would on the next day introduce a bill to impese a tav oi: bank notes under the de nomination of ::il dollar.'. On the tilth he asked leave to introduce the bill, when Mr. Huntingdon objected to rhe propriety of originating a bill of rev. one i.i the Senate. This objection led to an at.im i'.' d discussion, when Mr. Uenton withdrew his motion f ir h ave. In t!:e Ho' si: the memorial from tho Legisla ture of Illinois, remonstrating again! the mode ot ili-po-ing of Mini the price -f the public lands Mug within the States recently admitted into the I niou, was taken up, when Mr. Ucyi.!ds moved that it be refetnd to the committee on Public Lands, with instructions to report a bill granting pro.-pcclivc pre-emptions to settlers on the public lands, and to reduce the price to settlers according to the value of the lands. Mr. Key nobis spoke at considerable length in favor of his motion, but before the ote joiirned. as tak"n up on it the House a I- f t..ilro::l lo Ftorli Itiier. We di -over by I he Chicago papers, th it a meeting b is been held at !Sel idere. suggesting the importance of constructing a liailroad fur.n Chicago to i! ickford. The road is prupo-ed to be conslrui ted by a f illip in I (inlv the best o!,in, and th , w bieli is most cer ouly way to ciHurc i -o.edv con. lib iioti when commenced anil i i A profitable revenue when in op.-r.iti n. Wc be lieve there i let a railroad in th" 1'liion, which U o-.vnr'd by a State, that yields a ivvi-nue hu.Ti cient to J iy the annual repairs on the toad am! the interest on the money invested in its con struction. Ml. i lc Criisus. The S ing imo Journal publishes a table show ing the population of this State, without the coun ties of Cook, Winnebago, Knndolph, and IMgar. The population v. iilinut these counties, is 1 15, 1 i'o. We will publish th" table as soon as complete. 'ulit IVe.-illier Ver, . The Peoria Itegistcr, of ihe Sth inst. says: "On .Monday -t we were compelled to move our tvpe cases so near the slove as to burn our iii Ikt grinuui, w hile our more sensible exlrcmi lie:. in the oiifiiisile itirrrimi wme benumed with cold." (J'jAVe deeply lament the unfortunate rutrax tropltr of our fiiend, lud feel it our duty to pre scribe such remedies r.tiilisrrvritiini has taught us: Should the "AfniiV.e c.rrn7iVi" be frost bitten' a fiee use of ittuin Willi r w ill be found efficacious. A small portion of jiririi nrpniiiir, applied with a feather, to Ihe "iifl'irr jmits," will cause immediate relief. No mistake! M':iiub:t on Kadi Itirer. The I' x press state that a company is be ing formed in that region, for the building of steam boat, which i designed to ply upon the waters of I'ock river. Should the design be carried out, and the boat be properly constructed, it ciiinot fail to prove of great advantage t') that feitile re gion of country. 1'oaW, wc believe, have ascen ded that stream as far up as Dixon's Ferry. " The rij' have it" as Lincoln said when he jumped out of the Slate House window, and kicked the sand in his face. Pun S'tte.mrri. rfj-'Ti a mistake Mr. Statesman, the new had it, as he said when he staggered nguinst a cart wheel near at hand. Jennie Fo n n ha.i resigned his office as Judge of the Olh Judicial Circuit. NEWS BY THE MAILS, Lillian Trr.it i. The Fort Wayne (la.) Times states that, at the lale Indian payment at the Forks of the Wabash, the Indians made n propo sition to sell their lands; and that (Sen. Milroy, (although not officially authorized by the tiovern menl.) took the responsibility, 'while they were in the humor,' of treating with them for about .'itlO.OOO acres, being the whole of the Miami lands in this Slate. The price agreed lo be paid is about l?l 10 per acre, and the Indians to move West in live years. The hinds are worth $ 10 per acre, hard as Ihe time are, and there is little doubt the (icurral (iovcriitnciit will confirm the treaty. .rgf D.civim. The Democratic (O.) Stan dard says : " The Court in Hank, lately in session at Columbus, have decided that proprietors of stage coaches are common carriers that they are responsible for the safe conveyance of passengers and bnugage, and that their giving public notice to the contrary will not niter the case timt a watch is a usual and customary article of bnggage, and the trunk of a traveller a proper place I'm its deposit.', mid the stage proprietor will be charged in case it is lost. F.ii'itirr. An I'pper Ciimnla paper say s, that within the last four years more than 10,000 run away slaves have made their escape into Canada from the Tinted States, and that schools have been maintained tun ing them during ihnt lime bv the American Abolitionists. The following is said to be a Inina fnk sign in Mew lied lord : " lleer Pi.e and Kake ami llier I sell, (iood Oyesturs sto d & in the shel, And frigb'd uns tew for then that chews, And with dispatch black hutes und shu.e.' .1 Ship Cantil. A meeting has been held in Sherman, Michigan, to consult on the propriety of petitioning Congress to order the construction of a ship Canal from the head of I.uke Erie to the head of Lake Michigan, agreeably to surveys mid climates niiulu some twelve yearn ago. lhuulniine linpml. A lady residing in Salem, (Mas,) has bequeathed twenty-five thousand dob Urn to the Kssex County McLean Asylum for the support of the Insane. Ctnmu. 'Tho census of tho District of Colum bin, just completed, liows population of 43,712, FREE TRADER. Juifiwif. The .New York Pianet fays : "Thir teen Indians have come in und surrendered them seLes at Fort King, Florida. They s ty that the chief who bolted while the treaty was under con sideration, is coming back to the Fort. Perhaps h w ill but lV- Indians now in, arc not to have the privilege of iiiovinir again. They are under guard. St. L'l'iji. The business which the city ol St. Louis lias transacted during the last year with the cities of New Voik and Hoston, has amounted t.J the very neat sum of j!i,0('(l,i)(H). In Lirypt they obtain their tble salt from the bodies of the numerous mummies found in the catacombs. A i ;: ix, U-Mt Mib(iwi. bill lately passed the .New Hampshire 1 louse of Iicprcscnlalivcs, to incorporate the Portsmouth and Dover Kailroad, with a section, by which the private property of the individual members of the corporation is held fir the payment of corjioration debts. A' iic ' S!,i, The tav list of Kentucky, among other items, enumerates as the value ot laves in that statr.si v ly-1 .vo millions, two hundred and eighteen thousand dollars the number being one hundred and sixty-six thousand. The total taxable j.ropeity in the State is "7."H audits revenue, 273,.'!.'.I. ,. I. tie Austin paper states that, two alditioual gold mines have born discou-icl be tween that city and Santa Fe. ;.., if li'-ilut'.n-.n the Senate of Ohio, on the Olh ult., Mr. Taylor presented resolutions iu st . n; ling the Senators and Keprcsenlativcs in Congress from that State, to vote for a law estab lishing a d iy on which every Slate in the I'uion .haul I vote lor President and Vice Preldeiit. U'.'ro.i U "I has recently been elected to the Slate Senate ol" Pennsylvania, from t'i city of Philadi Ipbia, in the place of Mr. Frederick Fra- lev. resigned Mr. K. is, of course, a Whig. In the papers brought by the Acadia, we find three ea-.es of death by starvation in the English o.kshops. A'lntliir II irriil M inli t. A Mrs. Stinger, of Washington 'ownship, Willi um county,! Ihio.goi up from her bed on the night of the KSth ult. took a rille hanging in the mom, placed the inuzle to the head oi lier sleeping husband and deliberate ly shot him dead. Jealousy is the assigned cause. The woman is now in Defiance jail uuaiting her trial. The Senate of (Icorgia have passed a series of resolutions denying lo Congress the right to char ter a national bank. Several Whigs voted for the resolutions. S mtlh (:n,linu. A bill has been introduced in (he House uf Representatives of this State, to alter and amend the 1st und "d sections of the iid article of tlii'otistitution of the State, so as to give the elciTiou of (Sovcuor to the people; and also a bill lo give the election of Klcctors of Presi dent and Vice President of the I'nited States, to the people. Itrporl ni Ihe Sccrctiu-j of tin; Trc;int-;. The following abstract of Mr. Wooiuu mv's annual IJeport we copy from the New York Evening Post. It embraces nil that is of interest lo the general reader. The annual report of the Secretary of the I rcastiry is a satisfactory document in regard lo the state of our finances and contains many just and well considered suggestions. The ordinary receipts for the year 1810, somewhat exceed 17,0(10,000. Add to these certain receipts from tho deposite banks, from the fourth bond of the United Stales hank, and from the issue of Trea sury notes and the entire aggregate of means fur the year staled at SMS.vJS l,,r 1 1 The current expenses for the year have been lH3,:i 10. Add to this the sums paid to redeem treasury notes, and 100,- 000 for the funded debt of ihe District of Columbia, and the payments and expen ses of the year amount to $'2U,(Vi:),(5(i, leaving a balance of more than a million and a half in the Treasury. The exports of the year are computet at $131,57 1, Df0, an amount which ex ceeds those of the previous year by more than two millions. It is a larger amount than was ever before sent out of the ... i . -I, country, ami isio uiiiercnec win appear still greater when we consider that the prices of some of our great staples have been lowered. The imports during the same year have been $10 -i, 805,8!) 1, less than those ol the preceding year by fifty-seven mil lions. The falling oil' has of course oe casioncd a falling off in the revenue th rived Irom the customs. 1 lie statements and views of the report on the subject of our imports and exports are highly m (cresting. The entire receipts into (he treasury for the next year are estimated at $tl, 723,173. The expenditures of the year for ordinary purposes, it is supposed w ill amount to $U),'J50,000. To thest must be added lour millions and a half for the redemption of treasury notes, and the sum of $l ll),!00 on account of the funded debt of the cities of the District of Columbia, making an aggregate expendi tu re of iv3,8!)!),00 tor tho year 1811 This would leave between eight am nine hundred thousand dollars in the trea sury at tho end of tho next vear a bal ancc not largo enough, Mr. Woodburv thinks, to he convenient or useful. II therefore suggests that Congress shoul revise tho appropriations and make some reduction of their amount. , Should Con gres, however, be indisposed to (his the L.expcdiuiH wouhlJ)qjho impost lion of sonut ailJitiona! duties a meas ure which, it " ill He seen, he does not ad ise. He has, however, given the sub ject his consideration, and in ease that (.'oiiirre.-.s should deem that method of increa-sin? the revenue expedient, h'J is prepared'to Mibinit a plan for the purpose. The mode of keeping the public mo ney, 'established at the last session of Cotioress, has answered the expectation f the Treasury Department in other WOlMS tilts llliiepetlllflll ue.iau.y i , . i ... .it.tti.n works well. .Mr. Woodbury smtnrcsts that authority should be given to appoint principal eletk in the city ol ev l orK, ith a proper compensation, that some irovision should be made for performing the duties of receivers ol public money in ise of a vaeanev bv death or otherwise, tb-it the minis hment tuTscribed by the independent treasury law should he ex titled to all (Ii-dnirsing oltieers, and a w other changes The report recommends tnc uiscon i.i 1 tiiinance ol certain land iiisirieis, aim renews a previous recommendation of the . , i . . . iseontinuauee of certain oliieers eouneet- il with the customs .Mr. Woodbury, near the close of his enort. matt res lit lite expression ot a list pride at the success with which the linauees of the government have been ulininistered during the difficult period which followed the great expansion of credit i t i n.i.) ;hui ioou, noiinii" u:.-' ...- i ioi x-.i.: l... than indexible firmness and extraordinary cxteritv could have accomplished the hivorable results to which he alludes. Kcorl ot" tin- Wrrreljiry of War. I'lie following comprises the piiiicipnl facts i ml statements of Mr. I'm nsk r r's annual Keport ;eu t'loin an abstract published in Alexander's W'ceklv Messcii 'i r : Mr. l'oiu.seli's annual Ueport gives a full account ol the army operation's during the nasi vear. The design entertained bv the department, of keeping the regt ments entire and concentrating the troops whenever it is practicable to do so, has been persevered in with the most bene ficial results. Of the niaratime frontier of the (!ulf of .Mexico, it m recommended the addition to the permanent fortifications planne for its defence, and now being erected, the establishment of a depot, somewhere below the falls of the Ohio, for armed team vessels. . Experiments have been made at Old iint Comfort to test the utility of liol- ow snot. A stone wall was erected lor the purpose, but the shells broke against it, making hut little impression. Percussion locks for muskets he consi- lers much superior to those now in use, uul advises their being adopted by the Armv. The enlistment of boys in the Army, the same as in the Navy, is recommended to Congress. The erection of barracks at dill'ercnt mints on tho Northern frontier, and also a strong wall at the outlet of Lake Champ- li ii is also recommended. The Military Academy at West Point, las lieea conducted in a manner ingtuv reditablo to the superintendant, and sa tisfactory lo this department. It is be- ieved the standard of discipline, morality mil religion at this institution, is equal to that of any other college or academy in the United States. The regular troops now in Florida amount lo about 1500 men, and the mili tia in service to about 2000. lie re commends that authority be given to the Executive to engage the services of this discription of troops for a twelvemonth, or during the continuance of hostilities in Florida. The term of three months is much too short to ensure elficiencv, and lVeiuent enlistments are a fruitful source of insubordination. The number of Indians emigrated from tint interior to the West, since 1830, amount to very nearly 41,000, of which about 5,000 were removed during the past season. 1 he number ol pensioners of every de scription now on the rolls in all the States and Territories, and in the District ol Columbia, (except those paid out of the Navy pension fund,) amounts to -11,3!) 1, of which 2,07'J cases have been admitted during the past year. The total sum drawn from the Treasu ry during the year to pay pensions a mounls to $2,0 18,(U3, exclusive of Navy pensions. John '. Calhoun iiii.I the Knb-'t'i'ensiirjr. Of tho various speeches made in reply to that of Mr. (.'lay on his introducing into the United Slates (Senate u resolution to repeal the Indepen dent Treasury Hill, none appears to us to present more clearly, forcibly, and candidly, the grounds of opposition to such rejeal, than the reply of the Hon. John (.'. Calhoun of South Carolinn. On introducing his resolution, .Mr. Clay naid he did not wish again to go over the whole argument against tho Sub-Treasury ; three years hud alrea dy been consumed on it, and nothing could be gained hy its revival. It was nuilicicnt, he thought, to say that the nation wills the repeal of the mea sure ; mid he therefore felt it to he his duty to of fer tho resolution he did. The following is part of Mr. t'allmun's reply : Mr. CALHOUN said ho desired to speak with perfect candor. Though he by no means considered it certain, yet there w as reason to fear (ha( a majority of (he community was opposed to that high ly important measure (tho Independent Treasury lystrm). If such should turn out to be (he fac(, he would regret it pro- foundly but ate gentlemen certain that there is a majority in favor of any alter native measure that can be presented, anil that there is not a majority in its rL. gamst any such alternative! Tl. : ,1 " 13 l"c point. T.ft no. tf.ll I " " o1"'"-"1""! wnea mey come to the real question not nr.lv whether the Sub-Tiensnrv shnll I.. ,L I'ealetl, b,u what shall be substituted; ! ,B-V W1" m,t so easy a" victory as tiey expect. That is the question which )ou must meet, ami it will be i vain to t.e.npttoehu eit. As to one of the on- wo posstble altcrnativcs-he referred U the repudiated ntl condemned pet hank system which the eentlnmn- n. r....v l.-l so jtly denounced, so faV back ai 183 1 on the question of the removal of the deposttes, as the most fiillarin... Si cily and corrupt system that could be auopted, wlucli they prophesied, and tru ly prophesied, would explode and blow up its authors, he took it for granted that there was no danger of that being imposed on the country by the coming administration.- He trusted that would not be the result of all the late agitation, and the de cided victory they had achieved. As to the other alternative a National Hank lie wouh llOt "O into tbnt nnv It will be time enough after (;0IIt jarl rison comes in, ami recommends it to our adoption, if, with his constitutional objec tions, he ever should. ,15ut come when that time might, if it ever should, he should stand up and resist it by every fac ulty, and all the energy with which Na ture had bestowed on' him ; for, as he lived, he believed the day on which a National Hank shall be established, with a capital of fifty or a hundred millions, and twenty years' duration, and with power and privileges suflicietu to control the currency and business of the country, would be the end of our liberty, ami would ;w ejleciually create a sovereign power, as if (Jen. Harrison were elected President for life, with the right of suc cession in his descendants, and even more so. To either of these, tho much abused Sub-Treasury will be found to be the only alternative. Condemned and vilified as it was, the country, if it desired to pre serve its free institutions, must come to it ; nor was it less for the advantage of the batiks themselves, than the country, that it should. Yes, for the banks; he knew what he said ; he weighed every word. He regarded those the greatest enemies, in reality, to the banks, howe ver kind their intention, who would force them again into a union with the Gov ernment, against the depp conviction of the injustice, impolicy and unconstitution ality of such union, of a powerful and de termined party, not much inferior in ni ru bers than their opponents, if tested even by the late election ; for, however strong the vote of the electoral college, the pop ular vote in favor of General Harrison did not much exceed one hundred thousand out of upwards of two millions of votes. If, against the fixed opinion of this pow erful and resolute party, the coming Ad ministration should force a reunion be tween Hank and Government, they would, at the same time, force them into the poli tical arena of party conflict, which could not fail to overthrow the whole system in its convulsive movements, lie warned the banks, and those interested in them, against the fatal tendency of their indis creet friends, who would under such cir cumstances, force the reunion, lie was no enemy to the existing banks, while he had no confidence in tho system as it ex isted in this country and Great Britain, lie believed that banks of issue and cir culation were founded on a mistake, and must run down, by their own inherent defects, against every ell'ort to stay their descent, and had long thought so ; blithe made no war on them, and never had. They were running down of themselves, according to his impression, too fast for the good of the country, and his policy was to retard, and not accelerate their descent. lie acted on the same principle in 1831, when the deposites were remov ed ; and in obedience lo it, tirged a course, which, if it had been adopted, would have saved the country and banks from the disasters which have since fol lowed. On the same principle he acted at the extra session in 1837, and had ever since, in advocating the separation of the Government from the banks, as the only means of extricating them from politics, and leaving them quietly to be reformed or run out, under the action of an enlight ened and calm public opinion. He was, and ever had been, averse to all sudden and forced measures in reference lo the currency, even ns applied to our system, as bad ns ho believed it to be. In addition to the supposed condemna tion of the Sub-Treasury by the people at the late election, the senator (Mr. Clay,) urged another reason for its repeal, that it would make no practical change. He says that the practice under the exis ting law is, in reality, the same as it was before its passage, and would bo after the repeal. If so, why then, this haste to repeal it ? Why agitate the country, so anxiously seeking repose, on a subject acknowledged by him to be wholly im material ? Why not allow the measure to go on quietly until hi and his party come into power, and then they could act deliberately on the subject and not only repeal a measure they consider so obnox ious, but also present their substitute, so as to afford the community a fair oppor tunity of deciding between them T , But h'e tho practice under it what it may, the