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THE ILLINOIS FREETRADER.
atcly concerned, as well as to the Nation, that if the laws remain as they are, the first earnest step on the part of Indiana will bo cordially met on the part of Illi nois. All of which is respectfully submitted. W. F. THORNTON, President. JACOB FHY, .let. Commissioner. nSS3.& mi awn wrf "JUSTICE AND EQUALITY." THE FREE TRADER. Wf.iv r & Ilic, IMiiars. UUiuvn, i;;., I'riilay, Jana.try OjMVe un aufio.-; U avowee THOMAS J. TKUE an acaulUUt f.r the j, c if Conner, ft La Suite county, at t'.e rpcd-.A e'.t.iiv.i un tin 30A insiint. fXy-IIon. J, M. Hjai.-.io.N of the V. i r-Vsiate, will pleas accept our th.a.l-.t) ihr varKai.t j ui .lie documents sent ui (rjJH.)ur Senator an 1 Tv rcs-nt -if ivo in th State Legislature, have our thun!;fjri!;-v:r a'.n n tion ill promptly furuiula:!.; i:a with va'naL'e reports, tc. (We tu'iQ thiioceasbn U xvv i-t cur fii.-itd:at Hprtugficld, to envelope leporlM, pa er:i, Ike, in uch a manner, as to l-'iv.- one end .'' tho d.K'ii mcnt visible, or we will Lo o!ili-ed to pay letter postage. Keeeiitly we pail (p.iadreple lrttes poitasoon n doeumeut enveloped in letter forru. Canal t'omniiiniouer'a Etrjiorl. We call the uttenliou of our readers to t!:e Report of the Canal CViniui.. iior.eri on t!so f'ir-.t page of to-day's paper. We inteit aeknovvled we arc ioniewliat iti.sapieiil!eil in liu.i ilueuiiient, as WC cxpecteil aoniethioj to I.e. (aid eoucernin- thcnecciirfity ofcoin d.-linjj that pirlion ol'ihn canal between tho western terrninati on and thld place, or further Ea:it, which i.: already neinlv fnii!ird. and would immediately yield a ret;ua- to the tuto. Dut the Provident of the Hoard understan- diug to take hi tter care of himnelt' than of the in- tercBtiof the state, will account for the ot'iiii. ioii. 'I'l ,a:- ...:n t .. i . i . .. i uu ouuiic or i;ramicu ia learn inai tlo- Presidcntof the Hoard declinea a re-election. Hr retirei from ofliee wi'll (, and the interests of the talc reijuire tliat hix solitude ami rrtueinent he not disturbed hy uny jmhlic triint durine; t!ie rem nant of hi life. r The statement in our ln, that Jii(h;e I'or 1 had resij;'ipd, in erroneous. The fanino Jour nnl was our authority. f'olil Wciiilirr. Sunday hu.t was the coldest day th'u H awaii, the thcrmoineter Btandiug t 21 below zero. The weather i now coinjiarativcly milil. Tho ground ia covered with miow of coBxiderablo depth, ami leighing continues, (as it hu been for the lai-t three weeks,) excellent. Extra Neioti of Cniiji'r-..'Vuliniiii clii-.. U'm I'olic). Soon as the elrctiou of (len. Hanison was ge nerally known, hu organ, the Cincinnati Repub lican, came out ia favor of an extra iie-iou of CongrenH shortly nfter tho present i-hall have ad journed, and u ('ol. Todd waa prenunied to speak by authority, the hint was toon ticcoinh-d l.y a number of the whi journal a thiou;;hout the country. Shortly after thin, mi inter wow took place between the President elect and Mr. Clay, where, it ia believed, thi i first step of the. new a I-niiuif-tration w.u finally agreed upon, for fam e then Mr. Clayha i openly proclaim.! himaelf in thn United f tat"!i Senate in favor of the measure, and has not failed to hint that he is serm-.de.l by the new President. Mr.Wtl...:ter.thev;,7(ir.r to !,, of the lie'.V ad.uinit, otion, In.,, nUn, .-)chiiou il himaelf in favor of an extra tvs;,ic,n, and since then a number of t!,s , ,Tond and third rale leadrrs in aml-out ol't'r::.. est luivo irt iilarly followed in (p-and leail. 'i'ukini; all these thine, into eon ideratioa, then, there (eom.s to be little doubt but that thorn will be an extra nc.s.u on of Con:;re line timfl next numiucr, and our object U to en quire v. Unt reason the wl.iija Imve for iinpo.an;; tho additional burden which it mint lieccnu;iiy occasion on 'lie people. Mr. Clay too!; the opportunity tn put forth his apology for a multiplication f Con!;ret,sional nc.i ionn on introducing a resolution to repeal the In depuudeut TreaHiiry Hill. He acknowledged, and it may be said for tho first time, that the present CongrcMi in pledged in its favor, anil cannot re peal il svilhout being faUe to the principles upon which they wi re elected ; mid their refimal to re peal it hia plea for an extra seuion immediately upon tho inaii!urution of thu new President. He take tho ground that the nation have in tho late election decided ajainst tho Independent Treasury System, and that it nhould therefore be tiLoontinued ; but when asked what (ii:.pohiiion, in that event, nhould be made of the public money, he wan totally unable to dimwit. Hut we gave in our last Mr. Culhoun'a reply to the plea of Mr. Cluy, and nha'.l therefore, content our.ielvei by re ferring our reader to it, un a full aimwer to Mr. Clay's apology, Mr. Welmter does not ureiii to regard this pre tence of Mr. Clay a worth much, and has there fore hunted oino oilier ground whereon to rest hit apology. He made an elaborate Hpt eeli on the President"! niewmgc, and attempted to prove that hi atutcment of the financial eondilionofthe country was not correct that the government was ome twenty-eight millions in debt and that the income of the next year would not be utlieieut to meet tho demand on the Treasury ; and, thcro. fore, of course, there rxiuiit be an extra session to make up tho deficiency. , ' Mr. Webster admitted that Jhe President had referred to the balance of 'outstanding Treasury iiOfta truly. Ho had stutcd that the amount un ' edoemcd did noteJtceeJJl.COO.OOO; but ho com plained that the Prceidenl had represented this a t)e whole debt of the country at the present time, . Now,; bow did be show that the President wa . noi eotrect f - He refemd to the Indian trust funds, and tried to prove thnt they wi re a debt. nd should have been represented as such by the PrcaiJuut. Hut what ii the. true -stale of thj case 1 Our tiovcrtunent, it seems, has concluded treaties with 10 or 1-2 I::vUun tril'f., tinJ (stipulated to sell their lamb fr u certain amount, and invst the m.i.icy in some ta:'j an J p.oh'.ablo way fjr their hrn-f.t. In sorn? cases thee sale? have hcvt nude and the proee'ds iaxj-c.ed, i:l other, tut aa.l v. here tu : Lave not been made Congre -.; haj cho-sen, nts.l wisely, to pjy the Late rest on th? sum :'. .'id, an 1 dif.-r the sales .jltfflfr&y can more ; routably nnda than a! preset:. The tan t.p-..ri which toi i interest is paid b, indeed, i,i oi.o : vime of the v.id, a drht ; hot i: U not a !;..M!ity li tho Tk .i- v.'y wll'a i;i the r.i (.i'Cn:! ;;" ,f mid could not, tbcrjihie, be recosuWd ai su.-h l.y thu lVf-iid-til i;i pr. sciitinj the means, and Jiabl!itte:i of the Treu-.ury. It in a debt that, in.toaJ ul' be'.u;j a 1 Jen up m o.c t.,...o.i, -..in !'.!.; u.: u:m . in amutilit into the Tri i ;v. I3-.1 is it a t!i ! : ia the com ., i.i v. i.ica I..S e ami !.". .id. i.t! ia a de!,t v.v.a t ii'fvi, then ii. . i.i.t was t.rcleire-! n uii; '. l!. it with any prop,;. !y W chiivd ..' o'.:t t.Ui.h::'; Tro.i any riolcs 1 1 i- our .iverntiient deei.lv i,; ,',li. c... . ... .i. - . . ..ii m- i a.i.tv o.ner r";.:,ir e. aiain -' ,r ,i t'pon th.i ti.Msnry, which may e,,ual jaopri ty be t..-.-i:e 1 it debt, 'l'i.ere. is ll.e p.-nsio'i Ii: I, it ii.: ;',t a.-, well havo b. en .res.Mite. a i a d. bt : I;io.a:i a : i ri i i ' i ; . Ai.d !"!': ire c::t ta,- i! aies cr.-i as di'h!:; 1 Tin y are II why i','d not Mr. of all the uM!e ,,( ibihlics i Ii.it re:"i! ;r- ly h,i-:i.i.e h:e, cud muat be paid oat .(' thoTr. a ry. In (.-. -t, Mr. W, h-.t'.-r mi-ht hav e proved, if he hid por.a;..,l the plan on which he : l .rli d out, that tho (.'overamc.it i.as in debt til'v million.-, an well t'.v. i ;!:t. Mr. We' Ver ih I not uttefipt M prove that the estimated i'lcom or expenccH for the nt veir ar-: oilher too hi-h cr too low. He merely it a: his op!:, i .ii, in concludinr; I.i i speech, that, in i.rder to il-fray tli" necessary cxpeii -es of tin culling year cither another res u t to 'J'reasnry notes will be love :a y, or Fniue ne'.v woree ol rcvetiee inii-t l e devi-a-l; and in be isopp.i.rd In I 'in to the 'J'reasnry leiie ley-teni, he wi.hes ta lay a duty on I-'reneli (-iika and uinis, cud for this purpose deems un extra te.isi.ui of Con'tres,-, lieiessarv. I'roio this it appears that tho new ndmiuislriition doei not relish the policy recom mended and acted upon by Mr. Van Huron, ol gradually ri'ilucing the expenditures. Mr. Web ster already proposes to tar J'reni h silks and '.vines to moot the increased expenditures contem plated, un.l threatfin t (all an extra ne.-.-.ioii of Congrr s, ii' the laci.onl does not iinpe.se there (axes. It might be well enough to transfer the exi.itili'j duties on .salt, mgar, and ouar.se woollens from these ncces-iaricfl of the poor to the i-il!,. iiud wines (.f tho rich, and in this we have no d,eht the present administration will !;o with Mr. Web Ktor ; but llo -y will not oo:i:oiit iinuooo..irilv to iuou ase the exp. of the (iove.niiM ut. Hut if the receipt! for the year should even be inMiifliiicut to meet the demands upon the Trea sury, it would alVor.l noju.st pretext for the call of an extra session of Congress ; for, by the time of the regular mooting of the new Cong:cs,n!v three-fourth of the ""ir will have expired, and thero will then yet be ample time to niake up any ilelhieiicy that limy occur. '' ' The ;o pretence of Clay and Wt lister cannot, then, be the true reason for the call of nu extra session of Congrc-s. W hat, then, is the true reason The r. fuad of Clay to state whathii substitute for the Independent Trca any ii to be like; the attempt of Mr. Webster to prove the Covertini.'iil thirty million:! in ib bt ; the indecent ha.ilo to eanvoke the new Con-resa all join t, proclaim the grand object, vi.: the Indian tiust fundaarolo be converted into a Nation d lcbt, ai.d other loam made and funded t meet the ,.,m. tempi ited i iceaiod expemlituie; this funded debt is ta be converted into banking capital, and then will cot.,r th .- grand ulU'imliim of nil, a in i ton ir. I! -and nil this to be con-si:r.ni.iN d before the ieo,le shall have had rn oini.o-fi.iiiy .. inittiict their Kepre.ientalive.i against, those mea sures. .Mr. Van Huron is to boar the blame of the debt, and ncoos-uty to be plead as excii-.c f.r creat ing the Hank. Time. i!l show whether we are correct in our conjectures. Inioi li.nl Itiscovri-y. A correspondent of tho'Jula t Courier, writing fioin Sprin-!',, Id. who signs himself " Pluvhw." a'der piopoily spea', ii-.g of th.o ff.ulcss and bale pendent coune of the l, ! at '.. (Yam Co ,1. nd Will counties, thus concludes: "It is -aid that the Ottawa I'ree Trader has consented to become the in-lrun:, nt of giving currency t ports prejudicial to Unit- -uUu- chann-lir. have not seen that print, and I can hardly believe what is told me. l! it be so gret il." tlj Kl range conclusion ! What authority b;, " Pluviose" for making thin cbrge ! We ask of him to judge this paper by its contents, and not by groundless reports and f.iUo char-oa chculatcd by designing demagogues, to injure our private character and destroy our business. A bhort time Mine the Vingauio Journal ae- euseJ us ol biin; the endorser lor !.. l ..I eni- .o, , i.ie,j,i, irn.ips " l lllMost cau in- form tint Courier of the relationship between that gentli 'mail utul our:a'les! Hotli ehargos are un founded, as every leaderof this paper know, and .is the contradictory olnrges themselves fully es lablish. A I'ine Lot of l-oi li. On Siiturday last w e saw the finest lot of pork xvc ever behehl, nt the store of Messrs. Jacobs, Drudi iV Co., in this place. Thu lot consisted of nine hogs, all of one. litter, raised hy Mr. John Mafr, of Howell, in this county. They weighed as follows: .V-iu; 40-1 ; BOS ; 45!) j 1 1 1 ; g ; 'Mi ; 1)58 ; :iO:b nuking in nil, 3,Hfi9 pounds ! The surplus quantity of this article in this sec lion of the state, is much larger than any prece ding year. This is us it should be. When the product of our soil once furnish commodities of etclunge, then may we safely calculate on per manent prosperity, Nlnte Convention. The ftattgamo Journal says i "Tho resolution authorizing the Electors of this 8 tuto to vote for or against a Convention at tho next general elec tion, has passed both branches of the Legislature by constitutions! majority." Cuti't .tirrr.-M'f iliouhl o. Huth luanelics of t!i Legislature of Geori.i are Whi;;. The Hou:e paii ed u resolution in stiiRtin:.' tlieir Srnat'tr arid reniifstiiin their lcjr re.;entaties Ut vote in f:v,ir vt e-it ll'lishin'j i a:i iiil Daah 'I'! instructed un.l re- 'Hi-sted tlieni to .it- it ! "!o ;cini ol I.iliii."' 'i'i:C ";'.(',(.' i.'i c.'. r that edit-j the ulmvit d trh kliect, i '. r? ;u"stt ii to ec.::i! th-j "Wool'' out of his eye , nio! exhibit b's ; t;:i sjiowing hi; ii.iv.n ; enmj ;:ee, w;t!i t.ie,-:t alule.i ol t:.;s state, re- specking persons of color, I't'ore hi.' as. aiU the! Com rie.r or iiaeogas his motives. I ' Cull'!" yon had beeter t , . , . K to vour !e.is,ne-s a"..ic'Ar, utld I"t V. !:!! 1 ass ah :s Y-u can t eat, diink ut: 1 .'' wi'h x our eel-skin friends, I !.d he a C;ir;-ti .u at that ; but the moment you remove from ti.ij i.;-!.rr. yo'l violate tin law of y,:f ii ,;-.(, ::! suhjeet yunr '...'hr: tian profe ' ::, to Jiit.-,:st a: l bvpocri-.v. I'.lile:! Mtatot tXeantur. , P. N lea il -, j, P. HI., ot .Maury ooiinty, has 1 1 on a..-, .i'.ti'.! by t!ie ' ' ivoru r of A. Te m., th it M..to laeater ii. in t! place of the II in. I' i i:x t irutftv, iteei a-. ,t lo'l.-.- loirs !x s'l :i, ( V.'hi ;) w.u elect, d o ihe ot't'i Dec., hy the I.eyis! iturc of Mar; la.id, -'eicitor ol' tho ! '. freui that .' sto, to Jl! t! vae iuey ec i.'.oe.e 1 by the h alh of I 'r. Spm;.-e. t'omi'stie laiaTmi'i't,. A bill li t i p-. ture of the State d botll man ici of tluj lf;'.-l.t- f ( ieorgia. but has not y. !, - -a signed l.v l!io ' h.veriior, which iut ad to ;.Ja''-. ati e'uh.r m he eoiiiliierc. of Maine wi'4i the! .-tale. The bill provid s that after the fir it il -y of Miiroli ie ".I, every ves-.c ;',,,a Main-, :.! vi-il! tho w.ite.'it of (.'eoreia. shall perfarni s eu.e r..iiliiio of on" h'iii.he.l d.iv, nii-1 duriii,( that l. in I , no otie of the pase-tig-r.:, nl'ficer of crew, shili be j j pcni. itted ti 1 uvo the e I, on arv :;."o!int h whatever, un 1-r a heavy penalty, 'i he ipioau. line iTound is to be not within three miles of my seaport, city, town or baiidet w ilhin the Stile. The j i-n d'y fr an inf, aigi nni.t of thr I nv is pu.'ii.dim'. nt in the penitentiary not less th in live, nor more than t 'ii y ears. The State of (leorgi.a h i i taken this imporMi.t stop as moans i, f retaliation on Maine, thehi'ti r state h.ix iie' refused to sum n.lor ceit.iiu pi runs oh.irgOi! with feloniously taking away slaves Iron the fainter. Co is;;ii--.M, ilili"s;l' ( )i!:;r.'-is consc I' a liitlethal tl'T. Tie i!cmoii:.!ra- can be of iuien .1 to the ; em r i! r. Hon io of Ih pre sentatiw ; is a ! a..!.:' ' doll r.f the iola that "I :r;o ho. lies in-ive slow;" r. from the da!;' i f Jt: ? I.i.-t proceedings up to the 1st of January Ihe crcatcr part of it i iinie was la ken up in pas-dug tin.- bill making appropriation for the payment of navy pensions, which bcoaav due on the Ir.t ins! ml. On the "Dili lilt, in thn Sen no, immediately after tlie reading of ll.e journal, Mr. An.lei-.on tir.iNC and announced the death of the Hon, 1 11 l.l b'KIMlV, in a short but thrilling lobhc s froii which wo learn that he was born in Hcijjov emiittyT irgiuia, in 1 r 7, nnd xm-t-triercf-rr-t 3t the jieiioikof bis death, fi:i years of n:;e. He r ceiMal a ciinoaon school education at Hardstow i, Kv., stiolieil law wi'h (loorge Nicholas, and we; admitted to the bar in 1"i!I7. In IV.)'.) hew;--. I'leeted a member of a convention called to leviv the con titul'.oii of Keutitcky. So n after, he ,vis cbo-.eii to tie- le'sidii'tiro, wliero lie continiio! until I .sua, whoa be w.u appointed ;i Judge of tie Court of Appeals, In March, l.Mi'i, he .,s ma,. Chief Ju-. ti. e of the state of Kentucky, In 1 S I In-w.u sent to (.' oi to s, and conliiiued in th three en e,i;ng so ns. u l '-'M he was elected i Senator in Con tcs, in j lace id Mr. U.it.m, ie si -i:ed. Soj teiahi r ", I s i 1, he y, a i nppoiutei Attorney ( ,'enaal of the I uit'd Stales, and tie ne-ttye ir v.a; io-olcelfd to the 1'nit ,! Sla'.r'i :-!-tuite of which body he win a member a: th tone of l.i.s decease. I'Yiv men Itave ae. i! ., e,.,, spiciioin a p. ut oil the htn::e of public iilViirs. Mr. Heiiton has given notice, that he will n,f, r hi i fill lay iie- ;i tiix on bank hote.i as an iiioea,! i.ii nt to the fast revenue bill that shall be pa- .e.l by the llou e and rent to the Senate. Illinois l.iagi-lol ill o. The following loiter from Springfield, intended, we previme, by our correspondent for last ueeV paper, c.tuo to baud too laic for insertion, A.! it contains, however, matter which may beofcoiisi- deiiible interest to many of our readers, we are induced to publish il this week", believing that it has bet bltle in interest by being a few days be hind hand : Si'iiiMirir.i.ii, Jan. lit, 1SII. Decidedly tho most important measure of the session, thus far, is the Judiciary Hill, which pro- vide lot the election of live additional Jinb'os of the Supremo Court repeal the Circuit Judges out of ollice, nnd requires the Supreme Court Judge to perfoini circuit duties. This bill has passed the Semite ('J'J to U) Uml w ill, no douhl, be passed by the House, in which ciiso Judge Pou u w ill be elected one of the Judges of the Su preme Court, and continue to perform circuit du ties in your circuit : and this will all'ord the ciii iens of your district the double gratification of witnessing ilu. promotion of (heir highly valued citi.cn uud distinguished jurist to u place for which he is in every respect qualified, and at the same time insuio his continuance as a Judge ami a citi.en in your circuit. The reason which tire given for this change are conclusive. Some arc the inefficiency of the present Supreme Court, which is admitted by every body ; the superiority of the system proposed over the present which was ably discussed in Congress ut tho lime of the adoplion of the present l. S. judiciury yscm, w hich is similar to the one proposed for this slate; it i more economical an important considera tion in these limes ; with many other which I have not timo nor space to stutc. The two houses huvo appointed a joint select committer to divide the state into senatorial and representative districts, and the Senate passed a joint resolution, fixing twelve thousand ns the ra tio for a senator, and live thousand for a represen tative. The House has stricken out the Utter number, but have not yet been ublo to agree upon any other. Many of tho members contend for small iiumhi r, and 1 think they will succeed in reducing it. The law proviiliii!; for the election of Probate Justice will be repealed mid that providing for the spooiatmeiit of Judges of Probate revived, and, very likely, additional powers will be conferred i-o as to relievo the eireuil court. A bill has b' en introduced into the Senate by Mr. Sudden, authorizing- the eoinmisaioners of your county to employ tsmie person to prepaie a proper index to the records in the Ueeorder's Of liee and n euiring ihe recorder to keep a perfect index- thereafter. This all uoipiaintcd with the tiiai.iRi- the index t ) the records has hitherto been :;u!it, vxiil sihiat I o In; very neeociarv. 1 be pre- i 1 - ' M.nt Keeor-'er. it may le reuia; ued, is only lov.i.ig in the f.oNteps." I notice that some of our northern jour- i uati a:rl tl.t ir correspondents tire lou-noiliug eve ry thi.i r I ot rcaree ; ; to the caiiul and the great in terests idontilted vith it, and seem di ipoacd t.) ecu-..nr.- Mime or nil of the northern delegation, bom all which I di-S'-nt. They must be deceived or wish to doei ivo other. The can;.! will be carried forw ard if ;:i.-.','A.V, and the members of the north ern delegation wiil make every exertion and eve ry saeiiii. in its behalf and the groat interest de pendent ah, lost wholly upon its prosecution. Most ecit.iinly Mr. Staddcn and Mr. Dodge have and will continue to exert themselves in thi matter. The Canal Coiauie. sinners have made tin ir re port. One important fact rt.itcd in il is very fa vorable, which i-s, that the amount of the ai;':t::t reeeijits f'om the sabs of canal 1 nids ami lets has thus far exceeded the int 'rest on the entire canal lei. ' some oi ;hty odd thousand dollars, and the Ce.::m:--.ii-v.',i'T-i say tho reeeijits may without dif-ti-uiry or prejudice be made to equal tho interest in lot ire. I have no d iiibt but that the Leginla !':re will d all in its power ta facilitate the com pletion of tin i gio.it work as early as pos'iido. It i many and zealous supporters beyond the Il ia. ts iiomoili-itely ;:,fecii d by it, I assure votl. I see it stated in soon.- of tho northern papers that Judge roue has rc-.igncJ. This is wit cir ri rf. As the people in your district fool a deep inti rest in the matter, it would be well to contia dict the report in y our paper. The arguments in the inipo.t ml eausc, involv ing the constitutionality of the old Hovenue Laws, submitted upon an gv.' d r-.:r, so as fairly nnd fully to present the matter lor deei-ion. are at length concluded. It is e:;peeted, the cant will decide the question this term. Th'' doei , ion will ing be regarded ;m si iliing tie' question, as the judiciary system will I ring oilier ju.l-es mi the bench. Tho doei. ion. I predict, will bo in favor of the law, and cn.-e jt.ently su.-lain the tax titles. They bad qui'e an int. resting ib bate in the House this morning, upon the question as to w ha! disposition should bo made of a petition from cili.e.is professedly of M l.oiin county, askme tluil aocitain number of copies of ihe speech of Mr. Wheeler, which was published afavdavs ;i .-a in the Kegister, should be puhlishelf.tr th benefit of the people. The petition was pie lentod hy Mr. (uillev of M Lean. I heard the remaiks of Mr. Cavarly, of (Ireeiie, upon the resolution, yyth,!Lthe p. iitioti was disrespectful, tVo.," and that it be "i'gn;vy returned to the member who presented it." The remarks were pointed and severe, and such as the occasion and the act or." called for. The resolution was adopted. The Whigs moved "lhat tho petition be wt rcnii-nl,'' and sustained the motion w iih iheif votes. 'What will their abolition ftiends say to this doctrine of 'ae ri -i 'rlm;" petitions ? The limn i-ii was appropriately observed here. The Legislature adjourned, nod in the evening there was a large ass"inbly at the Amoiicati Hotel. Sloiuii tlo.'il Ai-ciilrii!. The New Voik Herald gives the following table ol . ! -amboat aeeidentr. here and in Croat Hrita'm since the iati'o.luetioa of steam navigation. It is rather curious. Ciiited Slates. t, f'r'r. rw. rcr.iu.it. Vcmcg. L.-ratust. rplo-iions iindoollapses, 10') SSli 20 IS Snugged. 7.') lis Wrecked iiud collision!!, :,. 173 .js isl HurK, ill .HI I" rnkuown, 27 ;ctJ Tot;d, 7t! l'J'M HI) .JOj It appear that there have been IStJ vessels and l lfili more lives lost in this country than in (Ureal Hritaiu, since the iutrod notion of steam naviTaiioin Kcl.'psc of the Mum. There is to be a total and magnificent eclipse of the moon on the bth day of I'ebruary next, commencing at nine minutes past 7 o'clock in the evening. This eclipse will be visible in ull parls of the Cnited States, tho Cur,- adaa, greater part of Mexico, the whole of South America, till part of the Atlantic. Ocean, the whole of Hurope and a far east ai the meridian of Hombay, in Hindostaii. The moon will rise I iliilly eclipsed at Astoria, tit the mouth of the Columbia river in America, and set totally eclipsed ut Constantinople. Xw Wine The New York Plunctsays: " spaikling and pleasant beverage, resembling champaign wine, can be produced, it is said, from the stalk ot the rhubarb plant. A foreign paper states that a patent ha been granted in F.ngb.ind to the discoverer of this new product. The wine i represented us wholesome, and tho quantity that can be obtained from the plant immense an aero of ground being capable of yielding annu ally one hundred and fifty hogshead." Mtinc Election. Tho Hon. Joshua A. Lowell, the democratic candidate, bus been elected to Con gross from the Hancock and Washington Dis trict, by one majority, A.yittlitl of Mm. Kinney. Mr. Hannah Kin ney, indicted for the poisoning of her husband some time last summer, has recently boon tried nt lloston, and w as acquitted, the jury being out only live minutes, She i. represented us being in destitute circumstances, Coventor Dudley, of North Carolina, a staunch federal whig, avow himself boldly in favor of the Assumption of the Stat Debt by the Oenerul Government. Ccoi-giu S Ut. Two' Judgy of the Superior Court of Macon county, (,'eorgi.i, recently appea red on the bench lit lull suit of ilk manufactu red iu their own families. An excellent example uf native induMry and pride. M'ljtieen, the delinquent post master i f New Orleans, has been arrested ut lionet jn, Texas. 1 'or dc .'.'.'.'im Free Tivdrr. Messrs. Wr.AVLK JL IIisk : Allow nio to call yatir t'.ttniiici!, and, through the iiK'uiunt of your paper, the attention of the pnltlii' to t!:-: paintings whit-h Mr. 1!. S. Wk:j::u is now execttiiiiT in a room directly over the store uf J. Y. .Saiiorr it Co. in this place. Nothinej hps a happier tendency in relining and adorning the taste and manners of a people than attention to the. fme arts. Heretofore few men pos sessing genius for this art, have appealed among us in the far U'ost. Mr. Wei. or, however. 1 think, is not to be classed with the bunglers and daubers that usually present tin inse've-' as ''portrait painters" in this count ry . The few likenesses drawn by liiin dtitiiio; the short time lie has been among its, show tnar!;s of skill and genius rarely met with. I understand that ?fr. Weber intends to remain in Ottawa until April or May next. Those, therefore, who admire tine drawing and painl'.ne; or are inclined to patronize an artist, who is worthy of the name, now have an oppot'tuiiily of exer cising their favorite ineliiiatiaiis. If tlte editors of the Free Trailer itave not called tit .Mr. Weber's room, I assure yon, gen tlemen, that such a call would be highly gratifying and handsomely repay vottr pains! d scii'scRinrit. Jliirnin!; of t!i" Ciirolino The eeso !' iTJo l,i o.l--ti!' s I ul VI nr xvitli loiton I. We take the following article fnun the Phila delphia Spirit of the Times, n-hitive to th eorre i- I'oieioueo is tuceu tlie hi'iti-lt .aimsier, Mr. 1 ox and the Secretary of State, It breathes th.. im.. spirit of every Aiueriean : We mentioned yesterday th? ttdnu's-ion by Mr. Fox, the I'ritish Minister, iu one of his letters to the Secretary el Slate, lhat lite burning of the Caroline was the "act of persons in her Majesty's service, obeying the orders of their stipetier au thorities," and as the whole of that ottt raoo will probably coin;; up uogiin before the public, in conseipien-e of the arrest tT Mr. Mel, etui charged with havim: been concerned in it, and whose release the Mritish government through Mr. Fox litis demanded, we feel disposed to make a few remarks which we conceive germain to the matter. This outrage it will be reeo! leete !, took place on tlie night of the "''.hli fhvember, 1H.57, The steamboat Caro line was lying at the wharf tit Sehlosser. N. Y in peace and ipiittness. She was an American boa:, wa- owned, and man aged by American citizens, and carried an American (lag. She had been employed during the day as a ferry-boat, by her proprietor, a citizen of Buffalo, and had carried men, who from motives of curiosi ty or business, had chosen to visit the adjacent island. Her crew were asleep after the toils of the day, and several strangers too y.ho had sought a refuge on board of Iter from the inclemency of tlte weather, were reposing peaceably on board, thanking Heaven probably for the hospitality extended to them. About midnight boats tilled with armed men left the Uritish shore, and with imiiUed oars approached thct devoted vessel. The watch on hoard saw them, hut he could have had no idea of the destruction intend ed. The boat had been engaged in a harmless trade, and anticipating none, was totally unprepared for a murderous attack. In a moment after, Uritish offi cers, and Uritish st.ldicrs, sprang upon her deck, and mocking at the Hag of ov.r country, and despising its boast of prelec tion, t'oiiiuienci'tl with insatiate greadiness the work of death. The sleepers were aroused from their beds by the sharp fire of pistols, the clangor of swords, the oaths and imprecations of the assailants, and the horrid cry as they butchered the Ameri cans, of "gtec tlie tl I rebels no quar ter .'" They rushed on deck, and a fear ful picture presented its. -If. All was con fusion, terror, and bloodshed. One Ame rican, a Mr. D.irl'ee had reached the wharf in safety, in his flight, I'or like his fellows, lie was totally unarmed, when a bullet pierced his brain, and with a leap and a groan of agony, he fell and expired. How 'many were thus inhumanly butch ered, the records of eternity alone can show. Some were able to drag them selves, wounded and mutilated, to a place of safety. One, a citizen of Utilfalo, whose only crime was that he had slept that night on board the Caroline, was found dead upon the shore, and it is con jectured that several met their doom in a still more terrific way, hy remaining con cealed on board the boat during the mas sacre. The Uritish boast that in this r oroun attack upon sleeping and unarmed men, they slew six or seven! So be it. They are welcome to tlie glory and we hope our citizens will never forget it ! The scene did not end here : "When the boat's crew were all escaped or murder edor perchance concealed in her, she was cut loose, towed into the stream and set on tire, and a signal light was seen on the Uritish shore to guide the boats on their return from their expedition. The scene now became one of awful sublimity. The Caroline was in ilamcA, and the re sistless llood was bearing her on toward the cataract. As the fires curled about her. her engine began to work by tlie heat of the burninrj vessel, and tho pitchy (lames thtcw a red olare on the wild scenery around Iter. It showed the wint ry forest, raid glowed upon the waters it revealed the rebel island, and the bar racks of the Uritish soldiers, and showed too, the ghastly i.orpse nnd clotted gore of the murdered Durfee. Onward the burn ing vessel wes borne, and nearer and nea rer the mighty precipice. From one side she was viewed with exultation from the other with deep threats of veegettnee ; and as she neared the foaming gulf the talis of Niagara tl.y tell of dark forms that were seen t-nnd the flames ami of death pricks, that rose shrill and piercin above the notse of U,e rushing waters! Still she rushed on, and still ,he scene in creased in grandeur until her burnir timbers were cxiiiiglusiej in Uie flonj and a few blackened fiagments, thrown upon the shore, were all thnt remained of the Caroline." Amidst the horrid gran deur of this scene, a shout of triumph from the other shore announced the re turn of the midnight murderers. Thev had with them two boy as prisoners ! This, reader, is a true picture of the "burning of the Caroline;" an outrage upon our national honor, and an insuluo our national flag. t say nothing of the heinous violation i f individual rights, and tlte assassination of our peaceable and innocent citizens, which, to use the lan guage of a resolution of a meeting of the citizens of Uttfl'alo on the occasion, lias "neither been atoned for. avenged, nnr forgotten .'" Nay, further, the miscre ants ciotticti in Hnlisli authority who went most conspicuous in this infamous affair, instead of being suitably punished fir their inhuman, and dasiardly conduct, have been absolutely rewarded and pro moted by their irovernment for tho i..,i and alacrity thev exhibited ! Even now. I same, "lirttttuts" government Mens f. rward on behalf of Alexander Mcheod, ti late Deputy Sherill of the INian-ara. ill strict in Fpper Canada, a man arrested at til imprisoned liv the nut linritw r.f I no rt, X. Y. en a charge of murder and arson and distinctly recognised bv two American citizens, as having been active ly engaged in the. outrage upon the Caro line, am! insists upon his unconditional liberation ! The Uritish minister would make the whole matter one of diplomatic iliseosioii between the two governments, in which case probably it would be atoned for at the day of judgment, and not only talks of the "itrcf .vx.'i," of releasing Me I.eod immediately a threat that is too despicable I'or notice but recommends the "taking such steps as may be requi site for preventing others of her Majesty's subjects from being persecuted or moles ted in the F. S. in a similar manner in future." This is the usual course of the Uritish government. They first send a body of Uritish soldiers into our territory m a time ol peace, murder our citizens. take, burn, and destroy their nronertv. and then boldly declare it an "untoward" affair, as they did ihe Ualtle of Navarino. profess a willingness to submit it to "dis cussion" and insist upon our freeing from punishment the felons who accomplished it, when we catch them again within cur borders. History is full of such "untow ard" events ( ti the part of that faithless and hypocritical nation. Il is their com mon practice to summarily redress what they conceive to be a wrong, and after wards, thoeked at the palpable infrittg metit of ;be law of nations and of humani ty, of which they have been guilty, to he wiHing to stihiniitht ir conduct to "diplo matic "discussion !" Will "discussion" bring to life, the murdered dead? Will "discusnoti" restore the burning vessel to her owner ? Will "discussion" atone for the outrage upon our national dignity, or heal the festering wound upon our national honor ? It appears that Mchcod was arrested on the 12th tilt., that after the examination of witnesses he was finally committed for trial on the 18th, and placed in confine ment in the jail at hock portf awaiting the assizes, which will be held there iu Feb. next. Mr. Forsyth, in reply to'Xlr.Fox, remaiks very properly, that the case docs not present an occasion in which, under the constitution and laws of the Union, it would be proper for the Federal govern ment to interpose ; that it was committed within the state of New Yotk, and comes clearly within the competency of its tri be nals. This is true independence. If Mcheod be guilty, let him suffer the pen alties of the laws of the land whose peace he lias violated ; if he be innocent, he will doubtless be acquitted. The blood of the murdered still cries for vengeance, and is it to he silenced by a piece of dip lomatic sophistry on the patt of a treach erous monarch an. I her crafty advisers? Forbid it Heaven! Our worthy Presi dent maintains that there is no principle of international law, or indeed of reason or justit-e, which entitles such offenders to impunity before the legal tribunals, when coming voluntarily within their independ ent and undoubted jurisdiction, and we honor him for the utterance of such a bold, just and manly sentiment. Were we to do, as the Uritish would do under such circumstances, we would hastily hang Mcheod, and then "discuss" the propriety of the act when too late to c fleet any good iu the premises. We hope, however, that justice will be done, nnd from the comm ni-sense view our govern ment has taken, and the honest, straight forward course it has so far pursued in this matter, we have no reason to nntici pato any thing else.