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THE ILLINOIS FREE TRADER.
& fl of desolation and horror T Yes ! Let her only speak let but her accents be hearJ, mildly, but firmly, reprobating the principles and the practice of war, and her voice shall be like that of our blessed Sa viour when rebuking the winds and the waves, it shall hush the terrible elements of war into an eternal calm. "JUSTICE AND EQUALITY." I : THE FIIEE TRiU)ER W enter & Ili-K-, Utlilorn. Ottawa, III., Fr'nlny, January 2'J. yVt ait aulhor'utd in (in'WiiTIIH.MAS J. TRUE as a eirvltd-Je far the. uffit of LW.mrr, fur Li Salle euunli, ut the special election on the 30M instant. Barring of ibi C'iiroUnrVnr Midi (rem Ilriluin. The burning of the Caroline on J the murder of her crew by a, troop of Brilit.li soldiers, was an outrage that cannot be justified, utid may yrileud o serious conscjuenccs. Should the view the British Minister at Wellington lake of the sub ject be sanctioned by the British Government; and should Mcl-eod, aricstcd and indicted fur murder andarr-onby the authorities of New Voik, bo found guilty Hnd executed, there ft ill bo no other alternative but a var with England. The history of the ill-fated Caroline is brief, and will enable every one to understand fully the naturo of the difficulties between the two coun tries. Wc will give it in as condensed a form us possible. During the late rebellion in Canada, tho Patriot, ' it will be recollected, occupied Navy Inland, in the Niagara river. Tho island belongs to tin- possessions of Great Britain. During fins time a ritiren of Buffalo applied lo the CVtom House officer for a license to run the steamboat Caroline from Schlosscr on the American shore, to Navy Island, as a ferry boat. The bout made several trips on the day previous to her destruction, and returned in the evening und moored at tho Ame rican shore, where she lay unconscious of having committed offence to tho British troop in Cana da, as slio was during the whole of her voyage unarmed, and shnply acted the part of a common carrier. While thus moored in the night, she was attacked by an armed force, which, it now nppcars from the letter of tho British Minister, was sent from tho Canada shore under the direction of her majesty's authorities. She was attacked without warning, and ono oi two of the boat's hands were killed, and others were driven from on board with out resistance. The bout itself was towed into the current, set on fire, and, in that condition, sent over tho fulls of IViagara. How many Ame rican citizens were on board is not known, but we have every reason to believe that a portion of the crew raid probably sonic who sought shel ter from tho inclemency of the weather nt that time, wcra on hoard, who concealed themselves ' from tho armed banditti who sought their blood, and mocked und sneered at the stars and stripes of our country. On tho following morning one American cili7.cn was found ut tho wharf where tho bjat was m jored, wholly unarmed, with his brains blown out, in attempting to make bin e . cape from their murderous hands. Immediately ufler this transaction hud taken place, her majeMy's government was informed of it, and atonement required for the murder nf our citizens and the destruction of their property. No spot ifii answer has yet been received, much less satisfaction for tho depredations committed by her subjects. The citizens of Lockport, N. Y., on tho 1-tli of lant December, arrested McLcod, who was then in that place, and, upon 1111 examination, conduc ted in strict accordance with our criminal code, was bound over to tuko his trial beforo the proper tribunal At this stage of tho proceedings, ano ther actor takes part in the business of the scene This is no less a psrsonago than the representa. live of tho British Government at Washington, Mr. Tox. He indite n diplomatic note to Mr. Foray t!i. tho Secretary of State, requesting thut the Provident should libcrato the prisoner and stop all proceedings in the rase. This Mr. Forsyth very properly informed tho Minister that tho Pre. sident had 110 power to do, as Mi J, cod was indict ed under a state law, and thut as fur as ho was concerned, tho issuo of lifo and death was in the hands of tho tuwi of that stute. To this Mr. Fox replies with something more limit diplomatic tact, and officially acknowledges that the destruc tion of the Caroline was an act of tho British go vcrnmcnt. This announcement has astonished and surprised all who have heard it, und has placed tho question in a different light. After an interchange of communications between the Sc c rotary of Stute and tho British Minister, the. lat ter has transmitted his proceedings to her nuijcs' ty's government, where tho mutter rests until in formation is received from that country. . It will ho recollected thut tho I'nitcd States used every means within their power during tho revolt in Canada to preserve tho strictest possible neutrality between tho contending purties. The whole northern frontier was involved more or less In inquietude and difficulty, and it was notorious ly beyond the power of the local authorities, both of the respective stales bordering on tho boundary line, and of the U. B. stationed there, to exercue "that wholesome and necessary control which the exigencies of the ease demanded. "The U. 8 ' poeU had moitjy been abandoned, and tho iuva. Ion having been determined on in tho winter season, it was almost impossible for the War Ue ' pertinent to transport the necessary force, to tho ' northern and northwestern frontier. This vs peculiarly the case in the slate of Michigan, Eighty miles above Detroit, at the commence ment of Um river fit. Clair, is siluuted Fort Gra , liot, where, at Um iime of the disturbances, there were two piecet of V, 8, ordnance, some fixed ammunition, and soon arms, protected by a Ser jeant and a autUr. The tame wis the case at Ptarbornviil Arsenal, twelve milts south east of I Detroit, where there were snns and accoutrements sufficient fir 30,000 men, several pieces of ord nance, and not a single soldier to protect them. A iiiilo and a half from the Detroit river, on the Fort Gratiot road, w ithiri the prccim ! ! cf Detroit city, there v.a 11 magazine, a simplo brick build- in:; with 11 wooden door, containing 30,01)0 round' of fixed imikct iimiiiuiiitioii.with bulls und consi derable runni-stcr idiot. The only protection for this w.i.i a Uri;. General, a Maj r, a ua.'tcr Mai ler, t.vo lay masters ami an As-istant J-urjccM, und the military t;to;e keeper ut Di'.irbornville Ar senal. The militia of the country could not be dcpelid'jd en, ;n they were infected with the dn easc of patriotism. The only possible reliance vwisa volunteer company ;.t Detroit, culled the Brady Guard.-:. These young men, holiday sol diers before, were voluntarily mustered into l!ic service-of the i '. to enable (lie government to preserve her neutrality ami the supremacy uf her laws. I'hev went, u part to Dcjtbornviile and :i part to the im rim-, und. badly quartered, in tic coldest of weather in January, they pei formed the duties of conmi in soldiers. The same wai the case at Cleveland, Buffalo, and throu .jhnut the whole frontier." This i-i a plain and unv uriiihed statement of facta. The 1.". S. have the consciousncsH of bav in;; done all that the law of tn'ions could require lo preserve her neutrality. A war with l.'ulu'id at this time is any tiling but deniable ; but her re peated insults and her haughty bearing have been borne quite long enough by this country. ll.r mean and contemptible treatment of other nations, added to the insulting edicts of her pampered 111 i stocruey on our own soil, cull I unlly for redress, and wo be unto her petticoat standaid if a colli sion should take place between her and the (.'. H. That we can expect justice from England is oul of llie question. Where has she ever render ed even handed juxtice to any nation, if her inte rest demanded a contrary course Was it in the China question ! Did she not attempt to force upon the Chinese 11 pernicious drug, the introduc tion nf which into the country under any circum stances was prohibited by law ! And has she not determined to "murder" its .'JOn.OlltUHiO of inha bitants because (hey will not permit themselves to bn poisoned for her amusement or profit? Was it in the Turco-Kiryptian question ? Did she not join in "holy" alliance wiili ib(. n, t des potic of European governments, to put do.vu u courageous, educated, independent old man, as il for the very purpose of staying the further pro gress of civ iliation, political liberty, and the Christian religion, by aiding toextend the empire of bigottcd Mahorumcdaiiism ? Was it in her conduct in the efleminato East, wherr? she has butchered thousands for the sake "f sovereignty alone, and daily looka upon the starvation of thousands more she has reduced to beggary, with an eye of disgust or indifference ! Win it i;i her treatment uf ourselves when we were her colo nies when we were her children when we spoke of her with pride, nnd looked upon her as the source of healthy legi dution ! Did she not send her armed bunds of warrior.-? tho conquer ors of Europe among 11! Did she not, mur deress us she was, attempt tho destruction ,,f iK.r own offspring, because they would not be trodden into the dust without complaint by those whom oho falsely conceived to be her truo advisers ! Where, then, shall we look for British justice ! Echo answers, where V Thus will she continue, to lord it over eveiy power on earth, until tdio meets her just desertti. Tho prrwut period in the affairs of this country she may deem suitable for the prosecution of her insatiile thirst fur power. She may fancy divi vion among us, but the reality will leach her that however uiueliwe may differ on political poiuta of expediency, that 011 every question involving our rights und honor in 11 nation, we are united und will act as u band of brothers, and effectually si lence her clamors about " linand.-rtei" Ac. und give her one iutelligablo enough, deep and wido as the ocean itself. FROM OUR SPRINGFIELD CORRESPONDENT- SiMiiMii ii.i.ii, Jan. 17, 1811. (ins tiejikx : To-day the bill for the ciealiou and organization of the two new counties off of I. a Salle und Kann came up in order, in the House. Some debate arose on a motion made by Mr. IVck, to change the name of the county formed of part of I, a Salle and Kane counties from "Orange" (o "K 1:1 iu 1.1.," but iho motion prevail ed und tb.o bill was ordered to be engrossed fr n third reading. Tho bill to orgonic the county of "Gum nt" was referred to the canal commit tee in consequence of objections to l!iu donation of fifteen acres by the date, provided for in the bill. The bill will be so amended us lo obviate the ob jections, which were to the amount und manner of making tho donation. These counties, you are probably aware, will include a strip oil' of tho east side of I. a Salle, eighteen miles in width mid one tier of townships oil' the south end of Kane county. Tho IIuuso fixed the ratio for a representative ut four thousand' the Senate having previously fixed it ut five thu Senate refused to concur with iho House. A committee of conference has been appointed, on the part of the two Houses Tho ratio will, I think, be fixed at about four tliousuml seven hundred, so us to uiuke the num ber of Representatives 0110 hundred, u few more than ut present, which will bo sufficiently lurge. 'I he Judiciary Dill has not been reached. Tho House, for tho purpose of despatching business, have udopted a rule, that they will immediately ufler tho presentation of petitions in tho morning, proceed to tho consideration of tho bills, Vc. be fore the House, which will very much expedite tho business of tho session, as a great por' tion of the time of tho House has hitherto been occupied iu receiving und discussing resolutions, new bill introduced by leave, Ac. Itis expected that tho committee on Finuneo which hue thus fur been sitent, will, in a few days, inuke a report iu relation to the finances of the stute. It is looked fur with much interest. Judge Pearsons, from tho committee on Canal and Csniil I.unds, has made to tho Senate an able and eluborulo report in relation to tho euuul und tho canal fundi. Tho report wus accompanied by a bill providing for tho sulo of canal land and lot and least s of water privileges, the proceeds to be art apart for the payment of Iho increasing in- Merest (in the ranal debt. It is satisfactorily shown by t!ii-; report and the report of the Canal Commissioners, that the receipts from the same will, in all probability, be sull'e ient f pay the in terest. The actual receipts from that source thus fir, has (mis dd the n::!"unt of to" interest on the debt. The Governor bus received intelligence of lb? pavmcntof the interest n the i.itern.il impiovc inent funds. Yin- inten st on nil our state bonds ha.: therefore thu; far been promptly met, and the faith and credit of our sla'.e been pre-.-rved unim paired. This is a source oi'irrcul g at iicaiion to ull, and to tioi.c 11 y.iiir section. Mr. Wit-xi.:.'- h fir public printer, meed of iirai-e s m s ) l!i in to tho citie.is in . been 1:0:1, 111. 'M ill cauciu His re-e'. ction will be ihe ,llv due hi 11, for the satM'.ie- torv manner in which he b.n discharged the d.i ties of that o.hicc. a; shown by the repoit of : ,.n:,itl,v in the Housf. r.iis '.1 at the i:i t nice of Mr. I.in-'.dn. U whig.) and h.- at the bead of the committee. Mr. V.'Lr;:as h.i;bc; n grossly and wantonly a.-:sail"d by the whig priu!:;. at th.' brad of which is the Journal, printed at this place. This is done to draw oll'public attention from the wlulcsale plundering and pe-illation of many nf the whig officers of the state, some of which has been and more will be developed hereafter. Mi i.t C itiPEN rt.ii, of Hamilton county, has been nominated in caucus for re-ch ction to the oliice of .t.ito Treasurer, and Jimi.s S:l i i::.ih, Esq., of Belleville, h is b :en u imuiatcd for Au ditor. S.mii viat i. Jan. -oih, H4 1. Gi.s tli.mi.n : The two Houses on Saturday lust elected (Jim. J -'in ! W.i'ttxlirs Fund Com missiom r J.;f Siklil.--, K . Auditor -.V Hon Cu.-ptnlrr, m-'oibernf the House from Hamilton county, Trco-aircr, and IV Hum W ' dim, .State 1'iinter. All of thuse gentlcmei are democrats, and had been previously agree, I upon in caucus. The whig.i made a nomination for r ich of the offices, except Fund Commissioner, and for this office '.hey voted for nearly as many dilfercnt can didates us there; are w hig members even Tuck Iiidille! was honored with a vote, and that the vote of the " longest of the long i.inc," .Mr. Lin coln, ofS.ing.imo. Mr. Ilarrelt, the present Fund Comniis;ionrr,'iaving rendered bimstll obnoxious In his party, was not suppor'ed even by his whig friends. .Slate's Attorneys for the lir.-t, r-eeoud, f in 1 1 ft , and fifth districts were also elected. A resolution was adapted in the Senate, a day or two sine,-, cu'diii j upon th? Canal Commissio ners for information respecting the co;t ef comple ting the (.'anal from its termination t i thelhi Page level, which will bring it ( Juliet. The cost of finishing the Canal to that point, will pro.iably be f rom five hundred thousand to one million of dol lars. The Judiciary Bill was under discu;sio i in the House, on Friday last afternoon session. Mr. Woodson, whig member from Greene, occupied nearly tho entire afternoon in opposition to tho Will. Hi; was briefly replied to by Mr. Drmshee, from Scott. Ths Hill is made tho especial order for every afternoon session. The constitutional ity of the changes proposed by this bill, which is now questioned by soms of tho whigs, was not dis puted by the present Supremo Court Judges of their party in 13-0, when a change precisely simi lar to thu one proposed by this Hill was adopted. .Ninniaii Edwards, a name of power, the Gover nor of the State at that time, also approved of the incisure, as appears by the records of the Council of Revision. Thu change at this tune is certainly a wise and politic one, in every point of view, and will, no doubt, be unstained by iho people. The speeches of Van ltureu, Ueiiton, White and Web ster in Con.'i'es', upon the adoption of tho pre cm I,'. S. Circuit System, which is similar to the mie proposed by this Mill, art firth its cupcrior advan tages. They may be found in Gales c; Seatons Rcc.Uler of Debates. Several bills for the amendment of various statute) have, tieeti Intro luccil. wlucli propose n i- porlaul changes. One in the If oiii ', which pro vides that no reul estate shall be sold for less than two-tbitds of its upprai.-v il value. Another in thr Senate, which prov ides that in all cases of fore closure of morlgu ges, in l 'haneery, the mortgages Ac. shall have a re.i-.on ible time in which to re deem, which time shall not be less than one year. Another in the Senate repeals so much nf the "I'e lilion ninl Summons Act," as requires that suits commenced under thut law, hhull be set for trial the second day of the term, as not to give them a preference over suits commenced in the ordinary way. I doubt very much whether it would bo wise legislation to make all of these proposed u meiidmcnts to our laws. The first named has been tried by the people of this State, nnd tho re sult wns the rcpctil of the law Each House has before it u bill to incroaso the number of directors, on the part of the State, in the Stale Mank. The Stale owns nearly two 'hirds of tho slock in this institution, and has less tliiiu half of the directors. The propriety, how ever, of increasing the number at this time, is well questioned by uiuny, and will not, I think, be done. Mr. Stadden has introduced a number of bills within a day or two ; bill as they are of a private nature, I will not now speak of them. Tho whig letter writers continue their tibuse of the demo cratic members. They cannot reach their mark however. Democracy never had so much talent in iho legislature. In tho House, particularly, there nre many representatives, whose talents und purity of character reflect credit upon the State, and are far beyond the assaults of such malignant assailants as the correspondents of the Ijuincy .Whig und Missouri Republican. Sirup oil would bo iho beat application to your extremities. 1'enriu Regit ter. That's a fuel ! How did the turpentine operate on ytnirs? NEWS BY THE MAILS. 7'-ie yTL-od AJf.ur.'Vo Philadelphia Times say: "Tho arrest of M'Leod nnd the published correspondence between the official representa tive t-of the two governments have created quite a sensation on both sides of tho Niagru. The Americans speak luvugely, while tho Canadians it is said, hftvo orgouiicd a wrcrrf evrjis, "and to proceed on a night expedition to Lockport, for the purpose of releasing M'J.eod." They had better let it alone. The general fight will coins on soon enough. 8!camlii:it o' Hi ck Ii.'vcr. The Galena Regis ter of News 5ays: "A new Steamboat is now bring built in Aztubtu, Jefferson county, W. T., which is intended as a regular packet boat for the Rock river, and will be completed by May next. She i i 100 f jet in length, and Hat bottomed " id it, is M id-ml. The Minvrs' Free I'ress, of the 12th iost. says: "A rumor prevailed a few dsys .since, ut Sou'.hport, Raeiue county, W. T. that two I'otta'.vaia nie Indians ha 1 Lccn shot by av.bite mail on tin1 Fox river, near the boundary liiu between th? Territory und IKiiioi: tirulurs, we have not heaid." ; tne par- VV'. 0 i-trrcic". The .N'iles Ri:.;i.,ter of the 20th instant say s : " )n Tuesday evening last, tho dwelling hou ; of Rev. ?Ir. Mack, of Ca is eoi:ntv, (Michigan) near Mig Pniric Rondo, was burned down, and five persons perished in the conflagration. One, a d, '.lighter of Mr. Mack, aged twelve . ears; a daughter of Mr. Kinney, of Cass county, aged 11; one a young linn about 17, a boarder of the family id two smaller bovs. Mr. M i.'k and wif; were absent on a visit to a neighbor's house, and on returning about 1 1 o'clock in the evening, found their home, to ether with its sleeping inmates, enveloped in flames. Mr. Mae'; was formerly pre-iding elder in the state of New York, but for two or three years past, has been engaged in a school iu Cass county." Till legislature of New Hampshire has p issed a resolution instructing their Senators and requesting their Representatives iu Congress to use all proper exertions to procure the passage of a law, fixing upon the same day for the choice of Presidential electors throughout the F'nited Slates. I'ltiridu. A letter has been received in Florida st iling that the War Department has instructed Gen. Armisteud to lent with the Indians, mid ulhi-c them a pad if Florida. Iticurd. Gov. Polk of Teuncs tee, has olio red a reward of five hundred dollars for the arrest of Willis G. Carroll, charged with hav ing murdered the Rev. Isaac I.andscv. The 11 -uken Chnudrl'i r. The House of Rep resentatives have agreed to pay the makers of the chandelier in full price, deducting S 10(), the value of the fragments, which the contractors are willing to take back. MUtitiri. It has been proposed in the Missouri Legislature to form twenty-five new counties in that State. (pteri. Does the western boundary of that state include the Rocky Mountains and tho lilaek Feet Indians 1 Clwt R inning. Three cities iu Ohio have nearly the same population. The Census of Co lumbus is 0,018, Dayton 0,007, and Cleveland G,07l. Clcvland is therefore ihe second city iu th( State. Duelling. Tho House of Representatives of Alabama has adopted a provision in the penal code, which makes death by duelling a crime of murder in the first degree. Ly.-s if th" S'e,nn:r llnnr. Tho Pekin Re porter says: "We arc informed by Mr. Bigelow, of Peru, that Mr. Ii.ibeau, owner and master of the steamboat Home, arrived at Peru on the evening of the 20th inst. with information of the loss of the above named bout on Yazoo river, by snugging and sinking in forty feet water. Total loss no insurance." Remarkable. S irqlrid Operation. The Provi dence Journal says : " A surgical operation was performed last week, by Dr. Lewis L. Miller, upon a la ly in Massachusetts, which consisted in removing from the body a perfect and dead child, whii h weighed four pounds und :;ix ounce-;. She had carried the dead burden more than six years, and in the meantime has given birth to three lull grown children, the Liot of which is M months old. She sii: tained the operation well, and has a fair prospect uf recovery." O'ra and Miinimih'tln R'vrn. The. Pills burgh Manufacturer of the 10th iu-t. says: "The rivers, which had been closed with ice for a few days, broke up on Saturday, nnd they are now in excellent order. It cannot be expected, however that the present favoiable weather will continue long; a week or two at furthest will, we think, stop nil navigation until tho spring trade com indices." liiiriilou 1'riiiKl. The following report made by Mr. Catcwood to tho Senate of this state, devclopes one of the most villainous transactions ever perpetrated by any individual claiming the endowments of a human being. How Mr. Galbraith can divcsl himself of tho odium cast upon him in this trans action, remains to be seen; and us hois now at Springfield, vvohopo ho may be uble to exculpate himself and his friends from the charges preferred against them. Wc shall anxiously wait and sec the result of his defence. (jjj It may bo proper hero to stale, iu order that the innocent tuny not bo accused, that Mr. Lo- HKNZo P. S sn Kit, whose name occurs in the report of tho committee, became, (as wc under stand,) interested sometime after the contract was let and partly completed. From tho Morning Courier, of Jan. 17. C'oiMinitir ltrport on the Imurovrmml of llir I pM-r Kuplils ol itot'k Klvrr. The following is a copy uf a report made to the senate upon matters and thmos therein contained, by the able and disliii";tiished chairman of that committee, whoso exertions iu brittgiiifj this mutter to liirht are worthy of all commendation The resolution adopted by the senate, pursuant to which the committee was appointed, is in the following words: HesolvcJ, That a committee of three ho appointed to examine into tho contract entered into Juno 8, 1839, by L. CJ. ISieh ols, with the late commissioner of the 0th judicial circuit, for the improvement of tho upper rapula on Kock river, nml that said cuinmiitee have power to send for persons and papers, and after collecting the testimony, to report the same to the senate ; which was adopted, and Messrs. flalcwood, Harrison, and Hamlin, were appointed the special committee. On the 11th of Jan. 1811, William J. (Jatewood, in behalf of the committee, made the following report to the senate : The select committee appointed, &0. here the above resolution is repeated respectfully report : Your committee found that the letting was by John Dixon, commissioner of the (ith judicial circuit, at which Mr. Peck, commissioner of the 7th circuit, assisted. Your committee had before them the original contract, which il is necessary to refer to but for one provision, which is, that it .stipulated that the state should pay Nichols, fur Uo.OOO cubic yards loose rock excavation, the sum of $1 50 per cubic yard. Thi price corresponds with the price in the bid of Nichols on file in the oliice of the board of public works, a copy i f which bid was handed to y our committee, and .sworn to by F. . Dutch cr, as also several other bids for the same work. The committee rcon became satisfied that the state had been Jlfi tiudcil in the contract for the improvement of the iip- I per r.ipids, from the examination of bids ; for .Sterling, Mix cc Co. ami Henry Weed it ('o. offered to take the contract and to execute the loose rock excavation for (it) cents per cubic yard ; and Cooper, Mc I'arren Sc (.'o. offered to do the same for C." cents per cubic yard ; while it would seem that it was let at $1 50 ; which, in 23, (100 yards, made the immense differ ence of 2 1,000 against the slate; and this underbidding, for other specifications of work, as appears by the aggregate of the whole amount bid for. (.'coper, McFarren it Co.'s bid amounted to $50, 7531) ; Sterling, Mix it Co.'s bid amoun ted to $31,207 80; II. (i. Nichols bid, as appears by the contract, to amount to !7 8,101 10. Tiie estimates, as audited by the board of public works, show -that Messrs. Nichols, (iiuutAiTii & Saxokk. have received pay for 22,500 cubic yards of loose rock excavation at SI 5(5. If the supposition be correct that the bid declar ed upon was originally 50 cents per cubic yard, which would make Nichols' bid 1 cents lower than two of the above cited bids, then they have received just $22, 500 too much. So great a difference in the bids being found to exist, it became a matter of sur prise that Nichols should have been the successful bidder, when such letting would clearly be in violation of law, especially as your committee became satisfied that the bidders first mentioned were entirely responsible. They proceeded to the in vestigation of the subject by causing to come before them Mr. F. U. Dutchcr, II. 1'. Woodworth, an engineer in ser vice at the letting in question, Satn'l M. nowman, and Mr. Peek, commissioner, whose testimony as taken down is here with submitted. 15y all which it appears that the contract was drawn up on the 8th of June, 18539, hut that it was not signed until in Dec. afterwards. All the witnesses state that, at tho time of bidding, Nichols' bid was known to be the lowest. Mr. Woodwortli and Mr. Peck, who were present in the discharge of their official duty touching the letting, both say that they would not have given the contract to Nichols if it had not been the lowest. Mr. Dtitcher swears that Nichols himself told him his bid was below the engineer's estimate, which as about !?33,000. Further circumstances disclosed by these wilnesses point to Mr. S.viirit G'n. r.it vt i m as the person liLclij lo he guilty cf lit c fran I. They all concur in stating that he was (he secretary of Mr. Dixon tit lite time, and that the contract is in his handwriting. Shortly before Mr. Dixon went out of office, and not till then, your committee felt inclined strongly in infer that the contract was signed, from the remark made by Nichols to Dutchcr, in Springfield, in Dec. 1839, that he had just got his contract signed. Alter this period, and when he was removed from public employment, Mr. Ciilhraith appears openly as the partner of Nichols & San ger. Upon a settlement ' between the firm of Nichols, Sanger t (j'dbrailh, Mr. llowman says (iilhrailh told him that he bad made to his own profits about $8,000, ami this too, your committee would re mark, when the whole contract was not near completed. No inquiry was made of this Mr. Stinger ; but it is too obvious that Mr. Nichols is a party to this base fraud to need any remark. The conduct of Mr. S. Gilbraith, as it appears to your committee, is not only wholly without any palliation, but de mands the most profound execration. If your committee did not come to the con clusion that the wrong was at the door of Gilbraith, from all the facts that have been testified to before them, they would be compelled to say that Mr. Peck, Mr. Woodworth, and Mr. Dixon hnd know ingly, grossly, and openly violated the law under which they were acting, and assisted in this fraud and peculation, of which there was not the slightest evidence before us. ' After the bids were received, and the successful bidder announced, Mr. Wood worth says that the bids were left with Mr. Dixon and, Smith Gilbraith, then, as he understood, the secretary of Mr. Dixon, It is certain that they were all returned to the principal office by Mr. Dixon when he went out of office. Mr. Dixon him self has been called upon to explain the mystery of this transaction; but he swears that he knows nothing about it. In a private letter to one of the committee he says, that "if he knew where to charge the fraud he would certainly do so." He tells Mr. llowman that he "supposed the contract to be in accordance with the bid, and if it was not that he was deceived ; the law requires the contract to be given to the lowest responsible bidder." The duty of the commissioner was to know that all was ffir :uui rigIlt Ml)re hc gi,rns the contract ; and it is manifest that he might, under the circumstances of this case, have withheld his name, even though fr ( '.ilbrmtll nnA ft...l-1'l. . ' "... nun a um lo suit on the files of which he had charge. The commissioner is himself responsible for this transaction. Although your commit tee have bad no evidence as yet that would justify them in saying that there was crime att.-.chcd to Mr. Dixon, yet they are constrained to come to the conclusion tlt.it hc has been culpably negligent in the discharge of his official duty. No obli gation ought to be more rigorously enfor ced than those of public agents v ho are entrusted with the safe keeping and dis bursement of public money ; and if there is likely to be, in all time to come, an application for this principle to the pro tection of the state from public plunder and worse than highway robbery, many occasions are now before us. Your committee ask for adoption the following resolutions : Resolved by the senate and house of representatives, That the attorney gene ral be instructed to commence immediate proceedings against E. (J. Nichols, Smith Gilbraith, and I. P. Sanger, for money fraudulently obtained from the state of Illinois. Resolved, That tho attorney general be instructed to institute suit upon the bond of J. Dixon, late commissioner cf public works, for a breach of his bond in signing the contract for the improvement of the upper rapids, dated 8th June, 1839, as well as for other liabilities. From the Illinois 8tate Kcgi.,ter. ..tlei! by Mr.t'LA V nml Ihe lViternl IVnr. rin I'nrl) to lriivr ike ,ll(Ot. Iltl Jlf.M oflhf Hem Ml of Ihe rir-tXmp-lion I.IMV. When Mr. Hex ton's bill to grant pro spective pre-emptions lo log-cabin settlers on the public lands, was before the Sen ate of the United States on the 4th inst., Mr. Manocm, the new Federal Senator from North Carolina, moved to amend the bill, (wc copy from the Journals of Con gress) gcj" "iy kxceptixo ALIENS from the provisions of the bill, JZti and the vote being taken, stood as follows : "YEAS Messrs. Clay of Kentucky, Clayton, Crittenden, Dixon, Graham, iiuntmgtoii, Knight, Mangum, Merrick, Prentiss, Preston, and Haggles 12. "NAYS Messrs. Allen, Anderson, llenton, Duehanan, Calhoun, Clay of Ala bama. Fulton, Henderson, Hubbard, King, Linn, Lumpkin, Mouton, Nicholas, Nor vell, Pierce, Porter, Roane, Robinson, Sevier, Smith of Connecticut, Smith of Indiana, Sturgeon, Talmadge, Tappan, Walker, Wall, Williams, Wright, nml Young 30." Our fellow citizens from foreign lands who have sought a home among us from the oppressions of the tyrants of Europe, will not fail to notice that EVERY ONE of Ihe twelve Senators who voted to ex clude litem from llirir new homes, is a HARRISON F E I) E R A L I S T ! with Mr. CL.IV al the head! The firmness of the democratic Senators, only three Whigs voting with them, saved the Old Cuunirymen from the disgrace of being excluded from the benefits of citizenship, and from ths provisions of this excellent bill. Where was Mr. Wcbslcr when this log cabin bill was before the Senate ? His rrimn does not appear on the jour nals. Did he dodge the question ? Orgniiiziitioii oflln- (jrmiil Lodge of l'rnn- )ivnm:i. Tha (fraud Lodge of liic State of Fennsylva iiiu met on the 28lh of Doe. last, at the present Masonic Hall, on South Third sired, in the city of Philadelphia, and proceeded to its organization by the election of tho following officers : Grand Master Joseph R. Chandler. I). G. Master Cornelius Stevenson. Senior G. Warden William Bargcr. Junior CJ. Warden John W. McGrath. G. Treasurer Robinson It. Moore. G. Secretary Michael Nisbct. After the uhoo officers were duly installed in their respectivo stations, tho (Jrand Master mado the following appointments: Senior Grand Deacon J. D. Moore. Junior G. Deacon Wm. Whitney. G. Stewards Lambert Keating, Wil liam Mayweg. G. Marshal Peter Fritz. G. Sword-hearer Jacob Steincr. G. Pursuivant John Collins. O. Tyler Charles Snyder. The Grand Master also appointed the different necessary committees, which wo nre obliged to omit for want of room j whereupon tho folliwinif gentlemen were appointed District Deputy Grand Maulers : For tho counties of Bradford and Tio ga Joseph Kingsbury. Lancaster county Robt. Moderwell. -1 i it. : l n.' U Ortn ncuiiy ikiii ouumy - i ui. ii. i una. IJcrks county Joseph L. Sticher. Fayette and Green counties Christian Gummert. Lehigh, Northampton, Pike and Sus quehanna counties James M. Porter. Allegheny co, John Birmingham. '