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THE ILLINOIS FREE TRADER.
FOR Tim ILLINOIS FBE TMiDflt. Jljr Ufa I Wo loiuil. How often has tho poet sung The charms of Italy Its mountains, where the clouds seem liunj; Its brilliant star-lit sky ; Its vtnc-clad hills auJ shady bower; Its roll and balmy air, Made fragrant by the breath of flowers. Forever blooming there ; AnJ every tiling of loveliness That feeble language can express--. I3ut all the charms pf Italy, Though beautiful they arc, My own dear native land ! with thee They never can compare : Tor thlt, this is the hallowed spot That gave fair Freedom birth. I would not think that this is not . Tho loveliest spot on earth. O ! It is dearer far to mo Than any other land can be. America! -Iny native land ! Thy very name is dear. The throne cf liberty shall stand. By patriots guarded, here. Thou art tlie land of freedom's birth, Tho home of liberty ; Thou art the glory of tho earth, Land of tho brave and free ! Here all who sigh for freedom come, A lid find in thee a happy home. My Native laud ! These simple word t Appear almost divine They thrill through nil the rnyslic chord, That with the hcart-sltings twine. Strangely mysterious is the spell ' Tlusa simple, words conceal ! It ij what language cuanot tell Ilut every heart can feci. This id the language of ihc heart; My native land, how dear thou r.rt! The beauties of a foreign lain, Its monuments of art, Our admiration may command, Hut can it touch tho heart ? No, no! Though other lands may bo Mo-it beautiful and fair, Not one among them can with thee, My native land, compare : Kound thee our Lest affection, twine Our warmest, purest love i thine. I, . "JUSTICE AND EQUALITY." THE FREE TRADER. Wearer &: llic, laliioi. Ottawa, III., Friday, Frbrunry I'M; II. Mill jr I.nrr. Wo learn by last evening's mail that the bill which pro ides That property levied upon by vir tue of any execution shall bring two thirds of its appraised value before being subjected to sale, &c, has passed the Senate and has been sent to the House for concurrence. We are well aware of the responsibility ati in dividual assumes, by even being suspicions! that he is opposed to any measure which promises but partial relief to the "unfortunate debtor," and bankrupt. The subject has furnished a theme for candidates on the stump, if bath political par tits, to show their sympatic for the people, and every occasion was embraced to pour out the dvp and sensitive feelings of tho heart in behalf of this class of individuals, many of w hom ure meritorious and deserve every relief consistent with justice and the laws of trade. But, does tho bill wlijch has passed the Senate extend even-handed justice between tho creditor and d'btur? Let the representatives ol tho people remember, that tho creditor has rights which do mand protection that thcseAr is altogether as meritorious as the purchaser, and that the law now in existence favor tho debtor sulliciently at least, sufficiently for the encouragement and protection of fair and honorable dealing Every business man knows this. This bill, we observe, is sustained by both par tics, but let the Democrats in that body remem ber, that they individually stand tcsponsiblc to the people, if they, by their nid, engraft this noxious measure in the laws of this Stato. Let them re member that they purchase popularity at a deur price, when they further paralic tho transactions of our business men, who aro already sufficiently embarrassed by tho existing taws. Democrats! pause, reflect! 1X7 This morning we received tho intelligence from Lockport, that tho (irand Jury, aftcrhe aring tvidenco for 3 days, have indicted Mcl.cod for MURDER. Tbe I'o.l Olllre It purl. (Jcounc Putt, Eso.., tho foreign ugent of the Post Olfieo Department, who has been traveling in Europe gathering information respecting the mail facilities &e. of that country, has made a re port to the Po.vtmastr liene ral, recommending auch alterations in tho present -system of this country, as the well regulated system of Europe would acem to dictate. Somo of tho alterations recommended aro very good, while others are ah- urd and ridiculous enough. -s The report recommends tho entire atxilition of i 0 ... ..... me jrartKing privilege, and exhibits statistics to prove that franked letters and papers are not inly carried without charge, but at an annual expense of floO.OOO to tho department. It recommend letters and newspapers to be charged by weight, And postage paid 111 advance : Letters not weigh ing moro than half an ounce, under 600 miles cents, and over 600 miles 10 ccnta, with double these rates for every additional half ounce, which will to regulate the rates of postage, that an ordi nary letter my be conveyed any distance ocr Ann ,u.. c,. in v-.. .1 . ........ . ivrrnjnijrviB, ma rrjivn vtsy judiciously proposes, should be conveyed fret when tent to offices within the county in .... .:..t.i:..t...i Tho Mport contain ieverl laJutary wconnncn- J datious, but the idea of charging newspapers by weight, is certainly ridiculous. Had the author of the report recommended to charge newspaper by their t':e, so nfuch per cubic foot, it would appear more reasonable and certainly be more just, as the inconvenience resulting to printers by being obliged to dry tin ir paper. previous to mailing them, would certainly bo a drawback, both to the printer and the patron, and at least place the news if the day twelve hours behind the proper lime. The mo.-t ridiculous recommendation however, is that causing printer tn pay y oagr oil their . change papcrr? This recommendation might be acused,'if the author of it bad not once him self been connected with the publication of a pa per, during which time if ho did not b am that the luisiuers, at best, is the most unprofitable and thankless occupation a man can fullow, be most certainly was particularly favored. y )' We will attend to certain post office a-pi-rants in a m i (hliring town !ioitly. They bad better wait until after the -lib of March, so thai the present administration may be exhoucrntcd from caming scenes of a disgr ireful ch.ir.ieti r, in tho shape of l.iiek-u.'tin, thrtutf, and Ci.i.unni. Keep i col, gentlemen! u friv weeks Imi-jer, an ! then ou will have a perfect right to cjhil it to t!ie public your la sec rated forms, inflicted by the scorpion ,A cf locofocuj-mi, and enlist all the syinpatl.irs of a generous people in your behall pJhsilllc. I iiili cl XlnK- ItiinK. The solvency of this institution ha i for some time been questioned by the financiers of Phila delphia and New York, and many speculations were allo.it 114 to its ability to resume and main tain specie J nyments, notwithstanding the II. inks of New York and Huston bad loaned it f :i,0UO,tit)0, and its lio:ist. of having ma le ample arrange, menu in foreign countries to meet all its oMi-'.i-tions. h appears by the following arli -le from the Philadelphia Times, of l'eb. 6, that the insti tution is even more "ivtt'n" than was anticipated, and deplorable enough h tho situation of this in slitutiou, if tho followin r paragraph speaks the truth, and we see no cause t-j doubt it : Sioiti:ii PiftT' ). i.t .'.'.. Tl... I . P. Dank we are informed stopped' specie pay- menu jetenl.iy allernooii about -J o'clock. .otes ty two brokers ot our city weio (invented to tlie amount ol one hundred thousand dullars I bey were detained ut the counter of the bank until near J o clock, when the tellers said ibev might ns well acknowledge at first as at last, that inev na.i not tnc specie to five them. What's in tlie wind now! With all its boasts, and its bor rowing, hxi the bank run short already ! latter 1 lie Hnuk I.'xplailnl J La t evening wc received the Times of Feb. C, which fully establishes the above, ami places the insolvency of tho Dank beyond question. The I lines says : " Yesterday morning the directs of our city were filled with a clamarous multitude mat poured like a living stream into nil our banks, but particularly into the portals of the U.S. Dank for ur-.! fri. ..a. .. .!... .t.: .1.1. i.t ui-ns mill mis 1. hut institution had suspended specie payments for the third, and probably final lime, bad spread like wibllire umuii" our citizens the. niiiht before, filling them with apprehension, and changing the exultation and confidence of even its warmest fiiends into utter consternation. Public opinion which was fast verging in its favor was at once shocked. A chango came o'er its spirit, ami now, such is the mutability of greatness, there is none so devoid of indignation as to doit reverence. The run upon all the banks was tremendous, and before noon all of them except tho Western, Philadel phia, Commercial, South work and North Ameri ca banks, had ceased redeeming in specie their notes over the denomination of Five Dollars. A greater excitement was never witnessed. The streets were fairly ulivo with people, and nothing could bo heard but 11 confused hum of inquiry, wonder, anxiety and lamentation. .nc bank paid out about f 00,000 in specio for ?5 notes before 3 o'clock, and we have no doubt many were much more ncvcrclv run." The Ihlliililiiiii 1 tn nh.. Though the explosion of the 1'. S. Hunk was generally believed to be inevitable, yet the cvnt took place sooner than was anticipated. The de mands upon her for specie were steady from the very hour alio resumed until the dth ins!., when she closed her doors. In tho evening a special meeting of the Directors was held at which it was resolved to make overy exertion to collect the debts, and convert into cash the assets of the bank for the purpose of ui-aiu resuming payments in specie ut the earliest possible moment. Tim other hanki also held a mooting, wlm h reunited in the adoption of a resolution to continue the payment of specio for all their liabilities. It thus uimears inai 1110 N. Uank is ulone ill tho suspension this time. If the other banks have tho means of sustaining themselves they should do so at all ha .ards, if they have a particle of honesty left. If Gov. Porter will now redeem his pledges to t!m people of Pennsylvania, ho will at o.iee force the 1'. S. Dank into liquidation, nnd deprive her ol the power of enibarrussing the other bank The people of the whole country are interested in .1. , 1 : 1 ii -ii umurr, mm u is unpen no win act ns heroines tht Chief Magistrate ot the Keystone State, and re hevo tho countiy of this ulcer. 4'ongrea. 1 i.. 1 1 .... i.iiHr.-i urags uiong siowiy. i no majority appear averse to proposing any important mea sures, from the fact that they aro soon to go out of power j and the minority hcciii to be waiting for a new Congress befoio they bring forward whut ore to constitute tho leading measures of the nevvd'iiinistration. So thut few measures, save such only us aro utmost absolutely necessary to keep the wheels of government in motion, seem to occupy the attention of our national legislature. Denton's pre-emption bill, which seemed for 11 while to have taken a permanent lease of tho So. nate, passed that body on the 2d inst., and was sent to the House, where no action has yet lecn had upon it. Much of tho time of the lower House has hern occupied in considering a resolution authorwinir a new emission of $5,000,000 of Treasury notes but up to our latest dates from Washington no final action had taken place 011 tho resolution Tht advent of tho new administration is near at hand, and not a little bustle and co.tif..ion reign at Washington inconsequence. An entire change of men ami measures is about to take place in the management of our politicnl affairs. Mr. Ya.i Durcii breaks up his household at the White House on the 20th inst., and will remain for tho balance of the time with bis friend Mr. d'ilpin, the Attorney (.'eneral. (Jen. Harrison, who was, by our latest accounts, on his way to Washington, has probably by this time arrived, an 1 a'.'t. r the 20lh may, if so inclined, take pos session of the White House. Several caucuses have been held by tho whig Senators, to airam;e the f.nanei; and internal policy of the new dy nasty. At the last of these nil the Senators at tended, mill after due dclils-ration it was finally and unanimously agreed O recommend to the new Pre: idei t, first, the call of an extra scisiou of Con ;ress ; then that in bis message to tha new C0.1 ;ress he recommend the following measures, then nml there to be discussed and settled, vi.'. : To icplcuish the treasury by treasury notes; to settle the land question on the principle of (.'lay 's land bill; a ccurral bauki upt law ; a National Dank and repeal of tlie Sub-Tieauiry ; a duty on wines and silks ; to fund whatever debt may be found to cu.-t oil iiiitK'atin r the tiea-mry an.t othi r de partments. The 'rei.er.d character of these Measures is ea sily tiii.li -Mood. Their evident purpose is t- re vive the .-peculation and high prices of l-so6. and a c:is.'ip;ei)t revulsion like that which we now so severely feel. This all pood men should op ose. The c immi reial, agricultural, and manufacturim: iuteri !s of the country are all coming light by the tntund laws ol'tr-.ele, a:id to illstuih this pro cess is to create fie: h n-ri'aii on. I!. lit ICoaiN laiisiurM. Those States that arc about constructing rail roads, an I calculate largely 011 the revenue they will yield to tho State, "would perhaps do well by rcferiiug 1 1 those States which have tested tin ir utility. In lore they calculate with confidence 011 the amount of rev 1 nil . they will yield to th 't.ite constructing such roads. On the State railroads in Peni:sy tv auia, the locomotive engines, ears, tenders, workshops, Ac, Ac., are owned and !:ept in operation by the State. How much advantage the State has derived fioui t!u operation.! of iUU system, the following extract from the annual report of the Treasurer of Stale will show. He says: " The motive power for the term of live years has cost tho commonwealth the sum of $1,77.'), fj7 01, and the revenue received during the same period from that source, amounts to $1,187, 1 U 3J, making a loss to tbe state of ?jS0,0i1 5'', for the term of live years." Thiu it appears that the railroads in the Slate of Pennsylvania, which, together with the canal, lorni the connecting link between the citv of Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, with nil the large amount of travel und immense tonnage of freight, have annually sunk nboiit 1 17,000! FROM OUR SPRINGFIELD CORRESPONDENT. SeuiNcFii.i.i,, Feb. 11, 1811. Messrs. Gkm Wi.ivnii A Hi.sk: . Since writing you my last l. tti r, but very little has bei 11 accomplished by the Legisla ture in relation to the iilfairs of the great Canal, in which we feel so deep an interest. A bill has passed the Senate, providing for tho payment of interest from sales of lands, lease- of water power, Ac, ami it will probably pass the House. A bill win proimlily tie introduced into the House tins week, for tin appropriation to that work, but it will meet with u formidable opposition. Tie election of Canal Commis-ion-rs not having tak en place, tends to separate thoie who slioidd lie a united phalanx in its favor. Many prominent whig-i have made public declarations, to tho cil'cct that they would oppose the canal, if men were not tod to suit them. Such assertions are hovvo- ver idle, and only to be regarded as threats mad to intimiurite; while they tlmuld be remembered as an evidence of tho wunt of patriotism and statesmanlike conduct "of those who proclaim them. I'ho ( anal Commissioners will probably be elected next week. Tho bill for establishing Grundy county has jsscd both houses. The great Judiciary measure is at length pass ed, the objections of the Judges in the Council of Hi-vision to the contrary notwithstanding. It passed the Semite by a vote of 23 t 10 th House by 10 to LI, und is now the law of the land. Tho five new supremo judges created in this bill, together with tho four old ones will por- lorm tho circuit duties, nml relieve the state from four of the present circuit judges. The election of thoHO live is ordeicd to-morrow. Tho demo crats have nominated Judges Ford, Treat, Skates, and Dreese, of the old circuit judges, und Stephen A. Douglass us the fifth. They will all probuhlv be elected. A joint resolution, fixing the 1st of March as the day of adjournment, has pas.icd both bouses; but it is thought the legislature will not be able to adjourn at that time. 'I'ho many obstructions thrown in tho way of legislation by the whigs, has lengthened the session very much, and may com pel the legislature to continue longer, in order to transact and accomplish the important business of the session. Our representative A.D. Dumir. has done him self mid friends great credit, in uti able, ardent, and uniform support of the principles of democra cy, and those questions of general interest to (In state. Ho is very much esteemed, and stands pro minent ill the all'octions of members from oilier portions of the state, and will, I believe, exert him self to tho interest, in successfully sustaining the great interests, of his constituents. Vours truly, W. fXj Since the itbuvo caino to hand we have re crived intelligence from Springfield that both houses, in joint meeting, 011 the 15th, elected the following persons associate justices of the supreme court, viz.: Sidney Dreese, Samuel II. Treat, Thomas Fotd, Waltar D. Skates, and Stephen A. Dougluss. They were elected on the first ballot, by a voto ranging from 71 to 75, to 50 scattering. Inlr from Chlnu. The latest new from China is that the aflairs between her and England are 011 the point of being setlleJ. 'i'ho "Celestial"' Emperor, it i slated, is willing to a-riiiit a renewal of commercial inter course with England, provided she ovacuute Chu- sail and confine her trade to Canton, as hereto fore. He has agreed to pay JLU.OOO.OOO to the Engli.di for the opium seized, and for the cxjkuis cs of the w ar. The P.mperor, through his olli cers, has expressed his pacific intentions to the English Admiral, and disavows the actions of bis commissioner Lin, whom be oilers to surren der to the English, to be dealt with as they may think proper. Tin: English, it is said, arc willing to accede to the proposition. NEWS BY THE MAILS. Tlie Middlesex Company, of Lowell, Mass, have manufactured, to the order of the IJ.illimore whins, some beautiful black broadcloth for lieueral Harrison to wear when he is inaugurated. ('.tbcrai.tori'il M imiintlionr.iului Page has been nominated by tho democrats of New Hamp shire, us a candidate for (lOveruor of that State. The whig of lihodo Island have nominated Samuel W. King for Governor, and Hy roti Di nian for Lieut. Governor. , It is said that the I'rithdi aro fortifying Halifax in the i:;e..-t imnjsing and formidable manner. IVrcct T:.rtt'. In the Legislature of Mary land, the committee on Ways ami Means have introduced a resolution for a direct tax t pay the interest on the tate Debt. .S tgar. The consumption of sugar in this Uni ted States is s aid to be 200,000 hogshead: per annum, or one bundled and eighty million. of pounds. Taking the cost to the consumer at the average rale of seven cents, we have the sum of 510,000.000 paid yearly by tin; nation for tho use of tilt i article. f,;.iij.7ri;c'i; Li:m. The Philadelphia Times ays: "The loan of f 800,000 authorized to be made by the State, for the purpose of paving the interest accruing on previou.i obligations, and .'ailing duo February 1st, has been negotiated ill this.itv." Inland. The number of persons in Ireland who have signed the Temperance Pledge, is three m'll'un thrc; hundred tiuwand. O'Connel's Irish Hoard of Trade, have resolved t prosecute any shopkeeper detected selling any 'foreign" m inufu hires for Irish. The House of liepreseiit.itiv ts of the State of Indiana have passed a bill to abolish capital uu ishmciit in that State. Xipnlruit. The veterans of tho French Em pire, residing in New Orleans, have taken prepa ratory measures for celebrating, in thut city, a fu neral service in memory of .Napoleon. Fruits if Aholitionism. The Dayton (Ohio) Transcript of the 27lh ult. states, that an aboli tion mob took place in that city, in consequence of the murder of an indiv idual named M'Creary, u. id the stabbing and otherwise injuring four or livo others, by negroes, on the night previous. The house of Dr. Jewett, where the abolition meeting was hold, was broken into, windows de stroyed, and other nets of violence committed. The Transcript says: "The greatest excitement prevails among us, and (loil only knows where the matter may terminate ! We aro in the iuidt of commotion. While w e write, our streets are promenaded by men, in whose countenances arc depicted sorrow, consternation, horror, an J venge ""ce.'V T.'ie Unili d Xttitr.H Army. Uy a late report of the Adjutant Ooueral of tho Army, it appeals that there are in the United Slates Militia C7o general office! s, 2,801 general stall" olliocrs, I .".; 1 1 field ulllcers, ite., o2,-l 13 company officers total commissioned ollii rrs, 72,0 M; non-com- missioned o.'Iiecr', musicians, urtiliecis and pri vates, 1,131,002. Aggregate, l,5t):,952. Of the outstanding nolo of thu late Hank of the Kuited States, it is supposed $7. 111,000 have been lost and destroyed. A. E. VtMivliri). Governor Davis, in trans milting to the Legislature of Massachusetts, cer tain resolution! of the Legislature of Maine, ex presses his fears that there was no disposition on the part of En-land to nettle the boundary ijuos tiou amicably. li:mmplin. At a meeting of the Presidents of the several batiks of Haltiniorc and Kiehmon.l, held on tho 'i'iX ultimo, they agreed to turn hon est and pay their lionet debts after thu first of February. Virginia. The term of Mr. Koimo in the V. S. Senate expires on the 4th of March next. The Legislature has fixed upon the 13th instant for tho election of his successor. Tempcrunce. among the Cathulia.TUe Chica go Democrat says: In Cook and Will counties, the number of total abstinence Catholics is more than double that of all tho Protestant sects. A Xao Territory. Tho Iowa News gives the numo of Dacotha Territory to a portion of tho country now within its borders, und which it says will be formed into a distinct territory when Iowa is admitted into the Union. The Franklin R tilruad, from Chambcrsburg, Pa. to Hagcrstown, Md. has been completed. There is now a continuous lino of railroad from Hagcrstown to Philadelphia. TheXew U.S. Senate. Of the forty-fivo Sena tors elected, SS ore democrats, 23 wings. There are seven vacancies, which will mostly be filled with whigs, who will have a decided majority in that body. ( Itast India Cotton. Tho New York Commercial Advertiser has a notice derived from the London Times, of some experiments that were mado on the ISth of De cember hist, to test the value of the American cotton gin for cleamiing Eastern cotton i "Two machine, 0110 made by Brookes, tho other by Jones, were used. The' for- tner worked well, but the latter did not, it being out of order.' Tho IIroukcn gin had sixty-five saws, und waa equal to tho cleaning of eight hundred pounds of cot ton per diem. Much information was given by several gentlemen present, all of whom agreed on the practicability of bring ing Kast India cotton into the market equal to tho short stapled American, and it was stated that thu accounts front lloin hay, of tlie first experiments of the Ame ricans sent out by the India Company, in cleaning the cotton with the American gin, were highly satisfactory. A large sample of cotton cleaned by the East In dia Cotton Company, was then shown, and highly approved of as being of an ex cellent color, and free from the seed, sand and dirt, which arc usually found in Mast India cotton." ItmiU of inI!iolM. This institution has at length confessed its iu silveucv, anil acknowledged its fraudulent trans actions, as the following card will show. We publish the card in order that our readers may be on their guard, as a large number of these bills aro in eiieul.ition in this State and the udjoiuin; Territories : to Tin: PirULIC. D l K OK (! VI. 1. 1 I OLIS, J Jan. 18, 1811. 5 It becomes our painful duty to an notincu to the public, that in consequence of an unprecedented system of fraud, practised by the lonner olliccrs of tliis in stitutiotu and .which lias just come to light, we have been compelled to stop business. Tl.crj can be no doubt that a large over issue of the circulation of this Uank has been made, and most ino-uni- ously concealed ft om the Directors, :i i.:.. .. r 1 . mm iiuiii w 11:11.1 n it vv nay s pas;. 1 no ex tent of the fraud is not yet ascertained, but it is leared that it will prove to be . IV .. I ciiui mows, vi e nave every reason 10 ap prehend, that agents are slill travt llin-r over the eslern country, engaged in putting those fraudulent issues into circu lation, and we deem it our duly to warn .!. ....t.i: .1 uu.- (muni; ugainsi mem. as soon as suspicion was excited in the minds of the Directors, tlie late resident and Cashier were promptly removed, and tho Hoard ol Directors are now doing all in their power, not only to lerrit out the frauds which hat e been committed, but to alle viate tlie sullerings of the innocent and unfortunate victims. I. 1). MV.SAV.Kll, President. J. J. COQMHsj, Cashier. For the Free Trader. laelciiiiKlienl. A IJaptist church was constituted on the 11th ins, at Pan Pau grove in the follow ing order, (as usually observed in the or ganization ol Baptist churches) A council convened, consisting of Kldcr Carpenterof Somonauk, Do Kalb en.; El der li. 15. Carpenter and I. Dixon, of Lock Kivcr ; LIder II. llcadley and SS, Stannard, of "CreenhVId ; and Elder T. Powell, of the Vermilion. Elder Car penter was chosen moderator, and Elder 15. U. Carpenter, secretary. After devo tional exercises and tlie usual examina tions, the church was organized by vote of tho council, consisting of 13 members. Elder Powell delivered a sermon on the occasion, from Neheniiah ii. 21. The right hand of fellowship was given by El der Deadly. The prayer ollered up by Elder 15. 15. Carpenter. The hymn com- inciu-mg, " sung by all lilest be the tic that binds, '' Closed with the bencdie- Hon. The season was solemn and delightful. ".May this little one become great, and the small one an exceeding people !" T. P. From the Paris (Illinois) Statesman. The (Cceoi'i! of ('1 line. Since the publication of our last paper our county has been the scene of one of the most cold-blooded and abominable transactions ever recorded. The particu lars, so far as we have been able to gather them, are as follows : On Saturday night last, (Jan. 30,) be tween the hours often and twelve o'clock, the house of .Mr. Jos. Welch, about four miles south-west from Paris, was assailed by somo four or live ndlians. The fam ily, consisting of Mr. Welch, his wife, his son Benjamin, a lad about 15 or 10 years of age, and four younger children, one of whom was crippled by an attack of palsy, had retired to their beds. The assailants came armed with guns, large clubs, and a forked sapling, for the pur pose, as is supposed of throwing the weight polls from the roof, in ease they could not force an entrance at the doors. The first knowledge the family had of their presence was an eilbrt to burst open the door, at the same time that some person was on the roof attempting to tear off tho shingles. The door soon gave way and a person entered and levelled a blow at the trundle bed, which indicted a dread ful injury upon the head of the poor crip ple, which it is yet feared may deprive him of life. Mr. Welch had by this time got on the floor, and sie.ing a chair made at the villain. Mrs. Welch was sitting up in bed, when she saw a gun pointed at her through the open door. She had only timo to fall Hat on the bed as the gun was fired, and the ball entered the wall of the house, in such a direction that it must to all appcarauco have killed her had she not lain down. Providentially she received no injury. Mr. Welch pur sued tho man who had struck his son, and just out the door, knocked him down, and at the same instant was wounded by a bullet fired from another gun ; he im mediately fell. The man who had fired at Mrs. Welch now made an attempt to kill Mr. Welch with a club, but ns ho was in the act of striking him he was knocked dow n by B. Welch, the eldest son, who had seized a stick of fire wood and flown to the rescue of his father. The other assailants then licit. Mr. Welch was taken into the house and the neighbors alarmed. The two wretches who had been knocked down by .Mr. W. and his son, proved to be Ceorg'e Hedmond,2nd, and Creenup James, both married men and neighbors of Mr. Welch. I hev were both very much injured. Uedmonds skull was badly fractured; ho remamcH in90;lsibIo MonJ morning when ho died. James is yet living, lie wa, arrested by the Sheriff on Sunday and at the examination, on ti e testimony of the attending physician that both Mr. Welch and his son are in a cri tical condition, he was fully committed to jail without the privilege of bail. Mr. Welch was wounded in the thigh, near the principal artery, and it is feared that when supperation takes place, it will break through into the artery and cause his death. We are informed by those who visited the spot the next morning that the scene which presented itself beggars all descrip tion. Within the house were Mr. Welch and his wounded son, both of whom had bled profusely, while all around were the tokens cf the alltay ; the blood-stained cudgels. In an out-house lay licdniond and James, both insensible and both literally wallowing in their own gore. The only reason that wc can hear as-, signed for the commission of this abomin able outrage was that a family quarrel had for some time existed between the Welch's and the Redmond's. About a year ao-o a cabin adjoining the one in which Welch lives, was lorn down and burnt in the night. Into this cabin Redmond was in tending to move, and accused Welch of burning it, and throated to have his re venge. But tlie main cause may bo (rac ed to the inlluciiee of that -potent sover eign who rules with despotic power the actions of thoc who submit themselves to his control King .llcokcl. When the irial comes on before the circuit court, we will endeavor to publish a full report of it. No eluc has been found to the detection of the other parties. A younger brother and a son of Redmond were brought before the magistrates on Thursday, hut there appearing no evidence that they were concerned in the transac tion, they were set at liberty. On Thursday, the 1th inst., two wor thies named Jackson Metcalf and llenrv Nevil were brought before Justices Mil ler and Dill, charged with robbing a trav eller mimed Dovcen, of 170. It appears that the persons charged keep a grocery in Grandview, and oinhc iiighTTof "thtT 28th ultimo had succeeded in enticing Dewees, who was somewhat intoxicated, and had been refused admittance into the tavern, into their den. A game of poker was proposed, idler Dewees had been well plied with liquor, which was soon however changed to "grab," for upon his suspecting foul play, and re fusing to play any more, he was taunted with having 110 money, and he produced his pocket hook, and commerced counting his bills to convince his incredulous hobts of the extent of his resources. He had counted town !?1?0, when a grab was made for tin; money by Nevil and a scullle ensued, in which- Dewees lost his money, but gained a tolerable decent trimming. TI.ev were held to bail in the sum of 8300 eaeli, to appear at H12 .March circuit court. We learn also that another fracas oc curred just in the edge of Indiana, near the line ol' Edgar county. Two or three individuals beset a man named Striker, who was accompanied by another man named Kearns. The assault was made in the public road, hut the assailants came off second best ; two of them being badly wounded, one of them mortally, as is supposed. -. Worthy of Consideration. Never to show levity when people aro profes sedly engaged in worship. Never to resent a supposed injury till you know the views ami motives of the author of it. Nor 011 any occasion to retaliate. - Never to judge u person's character ly external appearance. A Nays to take tho part of an absent person, who is censured in company, so far as truth ami propriety will admit. Never to think the worse of another on account of his differing from you in political or icligeous opinions. Never to dispute, if you can fairly avoid it. Never to dispute with a man more than 70 years of age, nor with a woman, nor an enthusiast. Not to effect to bo witty, or to jest so as to wound the feelings of another. To say ns little as possible of yourself and thosti who are near to you. To aim at cheerfulness without levity. Not to obtrude your advice unasked. Never to court the favor of tho rich by flatter ing cither their vanity or vices. To respect virtue, though clothed in rags. To speak with calmness and dclilicration on alt occasions ; especially in circumstances which tend to irritate. On all occasions to have in prospect th cud of lifo and a future state.. ;. Net to Hatter yourself that you can act up to thcso rules, however honestly you may aim at it. Maine S naiur. Geo. Evans lias been elected a U. S. Senator ly the legislature of Maine. ' A DANDV, A dandy is a chap that would ; Do young lady if he could, Ilut as lie can't, docs all he can , To show that he is not a man.