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7- THE ILI1I0I FMEE TEA DECS. Oar Country, bcr Commrrct, and her Frte Institntiom. VOLUME I. OTTAWA, ILLINOIS, FRIDAY, APRIL 24, 1841. NUMBER 49. rUHLISIlKll WKF.KLT NT GEORGE F. WEAVER & JOHN HISE, 'Canal Street, nearly opposite the Mansion House. terms : Two dollars and fifty cents per annum, if paid in advance; Three dollars if not paid before the expi ration of the first six months; And three dollar and twenty-five cents if delayed until the end 01 the vrar. Advertisements inserted at $ per square for ihn first itm-rlmn. ami 23 CCIlU for eacU 8UI1 lilieral discount made to those who advertise bv the year. fXjNo paper discontinued until all arrearages: are paid, unless at the option of the editors. All communications, to ensure attention, must be post paid. JOB WORK Of every description, executed in the neatest manner, at the usual prices. OTTAWA is the seat of justice of La Salle county; is situated at the junction of the Fox river with the Illinois, SUO miles, by water, from Saint Louis, and mid-way between Chicago and Peoria. The population of Ottawa is about one thousand. . Agents lor Ihe Free Trader. M. Mutt, ) r ha Sallc comitv, ill. I. H'lFFMA, 5 C. (J. Millki", Dayton. A. O. Smith, tSuiith's mills. Jahox (li'iti.Kr, Troy (Jrove. 1.. W. Uinmuck, Vermilionvillc. IlKsnr lu i t.i.1 r, Muiisoii, (Indian creek.) 1'. XV. llBrvotns, 1 M. 1'oiitiuc. KitK M ) :i v, Morgan' mill. Jimks (!. l'Ltei, Bristol, Kane Co. 111. Wilmim Uinkt, near Van Curen, III. Wiliiam K. Uii'iwx, Sunliury, Illinois. IlK-nv Hicks, Hicks' mill, Do Kalh Co. Ill, W. XV. XVtss, Oswe.ro, Kane Co. III. Avnioxt 1'iTZKii. lioonesboro', Oslo Co. III. IKK itm.WBJrt.W'' VJSl&XZmr TO lMlt.llKKS. Neut be your farms; 'tis long confessed Thn neatest farmer is the best. l.arh bog and marsh iiithiKtrioii drain, Nor let vile bulks deform the plain ; No bushes on your headland grow, For briars a sloven's culture show. JXeut be your barns, your houses neat, Your doors be clean, your court yaids sweet , No moss the sheltering roof enshroud, Nor wooden pains the window cloud, No filthy kennels foully flow, Nor weeds with rankling poison grow ; Dut shades expand and fruit tieis bloom, And flowering shrubs exhale perfume; With pales your garden circle round ; Defend, enrich and clean the ground ; Prize high the pleasins;, useful rood, And fill with vegetables good. THE COtTAUK IIEAIITII. Ah ! if there be one spot on earth. Where cloudless joy and bliss have birth, Where blighted sorrows seldom come, And envy's bitter tongue is dumb The spot of quiet peace and mirth, Is found biaide the cottage health. Thrice happy lot, where friendship's light On many a lovely eye is bright Where heart and hand to kindness given, Prepare an antepast of heaven, And consecrate an humble cot, With that which kings in vi i i have sought. Short I'alrnl ftcrnions. I have selected the following, bv J. E. Dow, a namesake of mine, as a text for this occasion : Old Time! old Time! youv'e passed away, And men have sadly altered ; The robber walks amid the day, Unchided and unhaltercd. The statesman talks away hi time, And leaves the people starving, The scales of Justice lean to crime, And doctors cure by carving. My hearers Refinement and corrup tion are always found to be wedded to gether. They are so closely allied that it is difficult to distinguish which from which, or 'tother from 'lother. In fact, refinement, such as we boast of at the present day, is nothing but a mass of cor ruption, coated with a beautiful exterior of hypocritical pretension. Old Time has not wholly passed away, as my text might seem to imply ; for he is destined to drive his chariot (the wheels to which are rolling years) into the edge of eternity, before he can be reckoned among the has beens ; but old time have passed away, and present times have fallen into such a state of degeneracy, that I doubt much HrAlrtAw av r atinll Y ifA tnir (imAa nl nit 1-v t WllCliici vj M ouaii atij bunt, a ah an try and by. We talk of improvement! What kind of improvement do wc make T Man, after having soared upon the wings of science to the celestial cities of the stars, and explored the aerial desert of space havinir frunr tin in balloons nmonn- the ""o o r n dark billowy clouds, and ascertained, by analyzation, the component parts of thun der and lightning is, after all, farther olf irom heaven now, than he was five hund red or a lhmiftsinri vnir qirn Tt it tKa uiit of telescopes and a kind of delusive fancy.lyonr heads. Such arc our statesmen, , he brings objects from above, apparently . ncar and then foolishly imagines that he at last has arrived at the very door of heaven ! What folly! what vainness ! Why, my friends to tell you the plain truth, as we advance scientifically, intel lectually, and socially, we digress moral 7u. -There is no moTe mistake about it than there is in twice two. Good morals can't exist where fashion and refinement n oa!stffll Ufitfl Vllf - Yml m in-lit nm ' ...... ..WW, - " .J,... W soon think of catching trout from a putrid pool, or of breeding musquitocs from a living spring. The morals of this and i r i tail, while vice keeps turning up and cur ling under, like the posterior embellish, ment of a cur. As the accomplished arts flourish, morality is left in the shade ; nnd it cannot grow while such weeds are sapping it of its vitality. While this state of things remains, man may grow wiser and wiser with each returning day ; hut, depend upon it, he can become no better. Wc have among us a swarm of tinkers of public morals ; but while they endeavor to stop one hole, they are sure to make ten more if they don't even ex pose their own rottenness. In fact, my friends, morals arc like an old shirt : they may look cleaner for washing, but, at the -i . ! same lime, iney are worse man ever, and more liable to rip in the back. The jonly way to forward the growth of mo- Erality is to cut away and make a bonfire of all such noxious brushwood as avarice, cupidity, venality, fashion, and selfish ness, and then it will flourish spontane ously upon the uncultivated soil of the heart, and make man appear as he once was pure, spotless and undented. My dear friends it is a melancholy truth that man has sadly altered. I don't believe that he looks any more like the model which the creator made as a pattern for us all, than a ribbed-nosed baboon looks like Prince Albert or the king of the Cannibal Islands. His moral attri butes are not the same, and his exterior ias lost all its original marks. Oil! how 1 - at M degenerate is man : anu un, now corrup tion oozes from the sores of society ! Not only the professional robber walks unchided and un haltered in the broad light of day, but you also yes, you, ye uncer emonious robbers all of you, are permit ted to rob one another, 'by way of trade,' as the saying is, or in other words, 'just for a lark,' with perfect impunity. Yes, you lie, cheat and steal all the week for the sake of mammon, then go to church and pile up your sins at the foot of the altar, and then hurrah for more money, either by fair or by foul means. You dare not deny it, you sin-scathed sons of avarice, that many of you have been known to drive over dead mendicants bones, on your unhallowed errands of i venality ; and I have no doubt that many I of you are only free from the chargo of , picking pennies from a blind beggar's hat on the ground that no opportunity has yet been afforded. Now, my friends, you j must know that you are paying a very I every community nave, ior a iung uuie, been growing downward, like a cow's heavy tax for the privilege of being miser-'the able; and I really wonder that you don't! bring about a reform of self-government. and let peace, contentment and happiness once more hang their evergreen wreaths in the blighted bovvers of the heart. Our Congressmen, my friends, what are they ? Nothing but blood suckers upon the cheek of Uncle Sam. They talk and drink for eight dollars a day and you have ... i .1.. . . r . i. .1 : i to stand the treat. Don t be deceived.- While they pretend to be strengthening the pillars which support our temple of, liberty, they are often, by their very acts,1 undermining its base : and vou must not lie surprised if the whole fabric come down, one of these days, with an awful crash, and upon its ruins spring up the deadly upas of despotism. The fact need not be concealed that our Senators and Representatives who are now feeding upon government fodder at the District of Columbia, will gamble at the faro banks, play cards, dice, make use of profane Ian guage, quarrel, fight duels, and drink gin cocktails. It is true they go to church, but it is for form's sake. They seldom read their bibles, and their bosoms are well stuffed with selfish pride and vanity. Instead of walking and watching upon the walchtowers of the nation, they are loaf ing, idling and blackguarding their time away ; therelore, don t be deceived, 1 repeat, in your estimation ol tlicm over such hewers of wood and drawers of wa ter, as we common folks are. They may preach as much as they please about the rights and privileges of the poor; all they care for is the glory and honor of .their stations. They are always ready to sac rifice paltry words for the sake of free dom, but vou don't catch them sacrificing any thing of greater value. They ask you to give them a boost into the tree of office; and what do they do? they cat the apples and then throw the cores at and such is man at the present day. Ojr doctors are working hard for death and the devil on shares. There was a time when tlicv could live and let live ; but now they cut and slash at poor humanity, as though it were an inanimate lump of clay. They feed the jaws of the sepulchre with all the coldness and wn froid that ever n menagerie keeper threw a pluck to a tiger. But I will not dilate upon this uncongenial topic. My friends as the good old days are gone forever, and never more to return, we most try to prevent th rust, which has now gathered upon the times, from spreading farther, rather than, in useless endeavors, to rub it wholly off. If you have a mind to try, there will be no diffi culty in getting smoothly on, till you ar rive at that blessed countiy where the times are first rate, and strict morality prevails forever and ever. 5o mote it be ! DOW, Jr. From the Albany Cultivator. To Wratera Emigrants. By sundry assurances from unknown fri mis, that my articles have answered some of the purposes for which they were written, I am encouraged to continue Even if they did no other good than to be the moving cause of bringing "two Dur ham cows" from my native state of Coil' necticut, to feed upon our boundless past ures, I should be satisfied. I hope Mr Allen will give the required information, as to cost of freight, iic. And here 1 will take the liberty of saying to all per sons desiring information connected with the great cause of improvement in agricul lure, upon any branch within the exten sive knowledge of A. Ii. Allen, or his brother Ii. L. Allen, of nuffalo, that they have but to ask, and they will receive. If they wish similar information from Chicago, address John S. Wright, Esq., Editor of the "Union Agriculturist No emigrant need fear any difficulty in bringing along cattle and hogs. -Several of the masters of steamboats on the Lakes, seem to take great interest in the ship ment of choice stock to the West. I have had three lots of pigs, shipped from Buf falo to Chicago during the last summer, in the sole care of the master of the boats, and from the appearance of the pigs on arrival, they must have been treated like cabin passengers. In fact, none but brute could maltreat a Berkshire pig. In the shipment of furniture, emigrants need advice. Great care should be taken in packing everything in the most compact manner, in barrels and boxes, strongly hooped and nailed ; and very plainly marked with full directions. The freight upon the canal is charged by the pound. V T . W 1 1 upon me Jake, anu upon storage in ware-houses it is charged by the barrel bulk. The best way is to contract in New York or Albany, for the whole charge of transportation clear through, and pay it, and take a receipt, specifying the contract completely. If you have family, you will have enough to look after, without watching your freight all journey. Many articles are lost, through the carelessness of the owners. Articles are sold every year in Chicago "for freight and charges," that never had any mark upon them of owner's name or destination, l ou cannot be too careful Be economical, prudent and good natured upon your journey. Avoid haste, and hasty words although often provoked, 3 and be determined to have a pleasant B: i c.. .. :n journey, and my word lor it, you will have. And at whatever sacrifice, be sure to sutilo all your business before you start, for I have found out that "money to come from the East," is a very snail of a traveller; it but rarely overtakes the emigrant ; and as for "going back after money," you can earn two new dollars here while you can hunt up one old one there. If it he possible, always fix upon some definite spot for your location before you start and when you arrive in a new settle ment, beware of sharks, lie careful to settle in a healthy spot, although the soil should be less rich. Nothing disheartens the new settler so much as a season of sickness in the first year ; and it is often brought on by great imprudence. One prevailing fault among new settlers is undertaking too much the first years I have known many to completely pros trate themselves in the vain endeavor to fence and cultivate forty acres with strength only sufficient for ten, and after months of toil finally compelled to witness the destruction of the whole crop, in conse quence of their inability to "finish the fence." Not only the loss of crop, but a severe fit of sickness, brought on by over exertion and exposure. For probably, while toiling at the field, the finishing of the house has been put off, and at last when placed in a situation to require comfortable shelter from storms and windslliad become, through the intervention of there is nothing of the kind. I have per sonally known much suffering, and some times death, to arise from such circum stances. How much better lo make a email beginning. To be sure and make the cabin as comfortable as possible, for at the best, it is to a family that have never been used to the like, but a tempo rary convenience, generally occupied more through necessity than choice. Not but that a log house can he made most com pletely comfortable, and I have often seen those of a very rough exterior, which shewed the highest degreo of neatness within. But there is such an anxiety among many emigrants to get a large farm, that the dwelling is neglected. This! is all wrong, it is better to have a "littleall assembled, and among them many of land well tilled," and a house, if notlthe customers of the two stores. Angeli "vvell filled," inside, at least have all thelca and Thomas lookrd as happy as well cracks in the outside well filled, if youCcould be, and the old gentleman was, if expect to keep the wife, "well willed." Many an ague fit is brought upon the new settler by the unusual exposure to vvnicii mey sum en themselves in an un finished log cabin with all the cracks open, perhaps without door or window, and but half a chimney, and sometimes neither floor or fire-place. aucn a cnange irom an tormer usage cannot be submitted to with impunity, although in the summer time, and though it be merely for that indefinite period. "when I get over my hurry." The fact is that an industrious man on a new place, where every thing is to be cieated by the work of his own hands before it can be called a farm, is never out of a hurry. And I am sure that I shall have all the female part of my emigrant friends upon my side, when I insist that it should al ways be the first thing to do as I am sure it is the first duly of the emigrant, to make the dwelling house as comfortable as the circumstances will possibly admit. If a man will expose his own health, he is bound by the strongest ties to protect that of his wife and children at all times, and doubly so. when he has brought them away from the thousand comforts thats they have been reared to, "to begin a new home in the wilderness." And although the new settler's log cabin is necessarily i rough uncouth looking dwelling, it can with a very small amount of labor, be made tight, warm, comfortable and pleas- ant. now many oi my readers now 1 welling in their handsome mansion hou ses, will, as they peruse this, look back to the positive happy days that they en joyed in a log cabin. That many of their descendenls who are disposed to partake ot the bounties I 1 a a that nature has provided for the industri ous man in the Great West, will yet en joy life in the same kind of humble habi tation, is the sincere wish of their hum ble log cabin friend. SOLON ROBINSON. Lake C. II. Ia., Jan. 28, 1841. A fk'crrt warlh Knowing. "Truth is strange stanger than fiction Under this head the Long Island Star publishes an interesting tale, for the ex tended details of which we cannot find room, but must content ourselves with giving Hie leauing laeis in a con densed form, for the benefit of our read ers. A young grocer of good character and correct habits, commenced business in a rood and improved neighborhood. His stock was small, as were his means, and his stock of customers was still smaller. His sales hardly met his expenses, and he was evidently going "down hill," and in old grocer on the opposite corner pre dicted that he vvovld soon be at the bot tom. 1 hat the young grocer had reason to regret this opinion of the old grocer will appear. 1 lie latter had a daughter who had won the heart of the former. lie of- fered himself to her and was rejected. It was done, however, with the. assurance, that he was the man of her choice, but that she acted in obedience to her father's onimaud. Assured of the ailVctions of the woman of his choice, he set himself about remov ing the only obstacle in the way of their union ; the father's objection to his pe cuniary prospects. A year had elapsed, and lo, what a change t The young grocer was now going up hill with the power of a steam locomotive ; customers flocked to his store from all quarters, and even many had left the old established stand on ihejfortune, and not me. Do you know, Ma- opposite corner, for the young favorite, 'I here was a mystery about it which puz led the old grocer sorely, but which he could not unravel. At length be became nearly sick with losses and aggravations, and vain attempts to discover the secret of his neighbor's success. At this juncture, Angelica for that was the daughter's name contrived to bring about an apparently accidental interview iictween tnc parties. Alter me old man the daughter, tolerably good humored, he inquired, with great earnestness, of the young man, how he had contrived to ef fect so much in a single year, to thus ex tend his business, and draw oil' the ens toiiiers from oilier stands. ' The young man evaded an answer, but inquired if he had any further objection to his union with Angelica. "None, replied he, "provided you reveal the se cret of your success." This the young man promised, when his happiness was made complete. The old man commend ed his prudence on this point. The af fair was all settled, and the marriage then took place. The friends of the young couple were possioie, nappier man mey. The bridal cake was about to be cut. when the old man called out for "the secret." "Aye, the secret, the secret," exclaim ed fifty voices. "It is a very simple matter," 6aid Tho mas, "I ADVERTISE!!!" The old gentleman was very, very old- lasluoned, and while he shook Thomas by the hand, and kissed Angelica fifty times over, he merely muttered, 'WAi, the dick ens dhrnt think of that T A Warm foriwr. A couple of resurrectionists started for a subject one cold night, in a small cover ed waggon and succeeded in finding one. When they had disinterred the body they dressed it up in a frock coat, hat, &c.. placed it between them in their waggon, and started for home. The weather being very cold and coming in sight of a tavern they concluded to stop and "take a drink," which they did, leaving their inanimate companion sitting erect upon his seat, with the horse's reins lying in his lap. The ostler observing three indi viduals in the wagon when it was driven up and noticing thai but two went into the house, thought he would inquire of the third why he did not follow his compa nions. So he walked up lo the wagon and asked the reason for his behind. No unswer was returned. After ques tioning the dumb gentleman some lime, he took hold of him and found that his Chan J was upon a dead man ! Although terrified at first, his mind soon solved the mystery, he recollected that one of the individvals who was sipping toddy at the bar was a medical student. "So," says the ostler, "I'll have some fun with these larks." He hoisted the body from the wagon and carried it into the stable, when ho took off its clothes, put them on him self, and then placed himself in the wa gon ; after a short lime the students re turned one of them jumped up beside, as they supposed, the dead man, and in a merriment struck him upon his knee, ex claiming, "how would you like some flip, my old fellow ?" The moment the words had passed his lips, he observed to his companion in a low and trembling voice, "Ben, he's warm!" This started Ben. but he recovered his self possession in a moment and after reproving his friend for fiighlening him unnecessarily, stepped up and touched the ostler himself; in an' instant choked with fear, he repealed what his companion had just said, "lie is warm, by heavens." "And so would JUU m It WlltU I IH, US III I , III ll UlliiniMt ll '-!! lift ' rnidlml llio nll.tH in AnMiKi.lrl and ghostly tone, "if you had just bei stolen from hell, as I am." The students took to their heels and never once turned to claim their horse and wagon. Choosing n lliitlmud. really don't know which I love 'I best," said Jane Manvrrsc to her friend Marian Westell, as she returned from a splendid party where she was "the admir ed of all admirers," "William Stanton or Frederick English. Out of a host of ad mirers that my fortune, now that I nm an heiress, has brought to my feet, 1: have selected them. They arc neither rich both are filled with sentiments of honor, as far as expressions and general conduct go. Hoth love me. Neither has ex pressed it in strong terms but both only wait for the nc sary encouragement, 1 am sure, to pop the question. To cither my fortune would he an advantage; ami they may it is an ungenerous thought. but I cannot help entertaining it love mv an, 1 nave strong thoughts ol putting III: their love to the test ?" "How can you do it ?" "I have thought of a way. You tuny remember that I hail a cousin who wns supposed to be lost at sea, and the pro perty which has made a poor, unnoticed girl so much courted, was to be Ins, il hel tAaan !!! " "Yr, but you have had the full andaTtunun, late of Athens, Geo. He wasl positive proofs of his decease." Estopping ul a tavern up the country,' and "I know it, but the world docs not.Bused to lounge about the bar, and ' come! nor can my two lavoureii lovers oc c-it over me people s uquor. oi agias. quainted with the fact. I thcreforo pro-Kcnuld be left for a moment but, he would, pose to state in the papers that my .cousipghlily slip up and drink its contents. " One is not dead as was supposed.' To givegday a stage driver came in, nnd called a up for a time my splendid cstablislniu iu.Estiir horn of brandy toddy. John iinine aud lo retire into comparative poverty. Gdiattly shufdled to the bar. The dri ll is said thai kings and heiresses rarclyQvcr knew his man, and immediately play-j hear the truth from tho flatterers by vhoui3ed possum by leaving his brandy while they are surrounded. This will at IcastShe steppped to the door, ihe bait tool lust mv itiuiiua. , iiii.iv hiuiiiv uu ui uiVH fM:...u ilT I, . k . 1, ...... ... plan , i 'ft "Exccllent-r-try it, by all means.' J he idea was acted upon, and it was curious to see how Jane's admirers drop-l pedAifl one by one. Her two lovers! wailed upon her at first in her retirement, and Jane was more puzzled than ever which to choose. Frederick EnglishV visits became Id a short time more like angel's that is, few and far between' while William Stanton's, werccohetinf. Upon one of these he said, "My dear Miss Manvcrs, I have known you long. In the days of your prosperity snrround as you were by many lovers who were aflluent, I did not dare to disclose to you a passion which I had felt from the mo ment I knew you, and whieh has grown and strengthened with my acquaintance. Now that you are poor, like niysel.f, the diffidence which had else hermeticillv sealed my lips from divulging my hearts passion, is removed. I nm not affluant, hut I can support you with respectability at least, and if you will accept for your husband one who loves you devotedly, I do not think that you will ever regret the hour that makes vou mine. At least 1 1 will try never to give you cause. Til 1 ll"lt a i ueueve you, near imam, sa' Jane, "and if you will accept a beg for I am little better V "Say not so, dearest I cannot list to such wrong, even from your lips." "Your fortunes wiil not sutler by C union." ?; i u:vt tney never can our marriage take place !" "Next week, if you will." "At your lodgings here !" "No, at the house of a friend. Call for me, and we will proceed together there." At the day appointed, William was in readiness, accompanied by Fiedcrick Eft- glish. They were both surprised ot thi ) magnificence of Jane's attire, and thought it somewhat out of character with her cit i ininiofiMnnc )n 1 1 rt ii' i ti rA innrfl enrnvSa.' 1 i. iiiii.i unit uiu lion in vn u iiiuiv ciiii'ii0 t a eu were tney when stepping into n car riage with Jane and Eliza, they were dii ven to Jane's former residence, and found Iter still the mistress and the heiress, and learned the plot by which she had tested her lovers. The way Frederick cursed himself and his fortune was not slow. Girls, you, who possess money, make it a point of finding out, before the irrevo cable knot is lied, whether you are loved for yourselves or your fortunes. Frvrr nnd Agae. . The editor f the Champion of Demo cracy thus "lets out." We do not envy the man his ague, but we are not sorry he has it. It shakes a capital article out of him : "We can shake hands with an earth quake, crack jokes with a tornado, dance at the top of a volcano, out laugh a thun deistorm, whistle the wind out of countf- uance, drive a hurricane landuin,. catch whales in a Maelstroom and broil them in ill die crater of Vesuvius; wc can kiss a pret ,3iy woman, and laugh when we fvel our . . . . . ft f t Mb ' 11V V l till LL II' lllltll't HIV IIMK HV'll l J V t delicate hand, but wo cannot write edito rials, when our njnie fit is threatening to make ten thousand little stars from the fragments ol this world on which we live. All that we can say is, thala man can't he expected to do much, when he is alter nating between those agreeable states of heal and cold, wherein consists the beau ly of f ver and ague. Some old philoso phers were of opinion that the wicked would be punished hereafter by being first par boiled and then cast into an ice bath and this process was to be continually re neated. Only think of it, a whole eterni ty of fever and ague! ,i f A poet once said "variety's the spice of life that lends existance half its' zest ;" hut the poet although he was good at the ory, knew nflthing at all of practice. . Hot and cold, cold nnd hot, there's variety, no pice about it, unless quinine comes under that genus, and so far from "lending exist ence" to any ihing it knocks a man into nonentity njiieh quicker than n rail road I'onhl. . ' ' Confound the fever and ague ! Hold on we take that back. Spoke too late, by George ! Here it comes with, kind of a sha-a-a-a-a-a-king, and shi-shi-ili-shi-vering. and hu-hu-hu-hudlings and a-a-a-a-a- oh Lord! !" A tiooA Joke Hi 111 4 ' la Itrtfjt M C Pil riln a fitf A riKalllt TK II I CI .t..t..i.ri.m It t emir Ittrt nlvcsi Am ' hmi iv'miuut u v fmpij and exclaimed, with all the diabolical hoes ror he could effect, , ., . ., ' "Brandy and opium enough to kill for ty men who drant uie puen j , , . "I! ' stammered John, ready to give up the ghost with affright.' I i V