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The Rock Island Argus and daily union. (Rock Island, Ill.) 1920-1923, April 16, 1920, Image 1

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, Til
aIw . HAIL U1ESK Sfiffi
TM Vail, Who Perfected Telephone, Dies
Head of A. T. & T. Made
'"Bell's Toy" World's
Greatest Utility.
Baltimore, Md., April 16
Tkeodore S. Vail, chairman of
American Telephone and Tele
(frtph company, diet! at Johns
Hopkins hospital early today of '
a complication of cardiac and
kidney troubles.
Mr. Vail w brought here
from Jekll Island, (.a, last
Sunday in his private car. At
the hospital it was stated that
he was jn a serious condition
. when be reached there and his
death nas not unexpected to
the physicians.
Mr. Vail retired as president
of the American Telephone and
Telegraph company last June,
and became chairman of the
As president of the American
Telephone & Telegraph companv,
Theodore Newton Vail was the
head of the largest telephone sys
tem in the world. Ho was not only
In nominal head, but he was from
the first the genius that promoted
the popular use of the telephone,
the first man to establish long-dis-Unce
communication by telephone,
and, when past 70 years of age, he
was Kill the initiative head of a
syitem that numbered 9,000,000 tel
ephone subscribers and represent
ed an investment of $1,500,000,000.
Mr. Vail was 31 years old when
iennder Graham Bell invented
the telephone, and, notwithstanding
his age, he was filling the respon
sible post of general, superintend
ent of the railway mail service.
Still earlier, however, he had been
a telegraph operator, and, inter
ested in the possibilities of electri
cal communication, he had visions
tbat Bell's "toy" would some day
he a great factor in American life.
Bell and his associates had equal
faith in' Mr. Vail's organizing gen
ius, for he had already made a
name for himself as an organizer
in the promotion of railway mail
wrvice. and ho vaa ,i ; i
,0 resign his government Dost
10 DeCOme f hP ronaral manq... tn
10-0 i.muutl , 1 11
"is, of the first American Bell
leiepnone company.
Hail's Side Show."
Even the most optimistic backers
"f the telephone then thought that
he invention would serve only for
local communication, but Mr. Vail
Md visions of its l
Bs. It was he who inaugurated.
tv.cBive steps or intercity com
munication. The first line from
Boston to Providence was ridiculed
"Vail's side show," but some of
to persons who indulged in the
"uwijle at that time lived to see
ail telephone, not onlv from
ton to Providence, but from
Ypfk to San Francisco, in
15 35 years later. . Further, in
wr in that year, they found
' it was possible to send the
jwnan voice more than half way
nund the world, as was done by
"treless telephone from the gov
ernment station at Arlington, Va.,
oriis being recorded simulta
nly at Honolulu, in the mid-
Pari, Wd toe Eiffel tower- in
Ltt'Jl8 known as "the biS"
Km i phone man ia the world."
' onl? ia tribute tn h'q PPnills
Jjafo mechanical and financial
(Continued on Page Eleven.)
forces w pnl 16.-Japanese
'ces Mt 237 ki,led jn fierce fight
tOTsk VLttS8ian troOD9 at Khaba-
. na' ,ast Monday, a
tod eDcy diBpattrh from Tokio
W.US8ians Iost 40 k"led.
, wnese claimed 1,500 prisoners.
th 5 uu Continued Ibrnm-linnl
the,1Chh8aidS!reetS f C',y'
uld tSUian, forces Presumably
,rttw1,rhevo'utiona-il!S ln
ernmn ,he Moscow soviet
"nilv n? I' Thia element re-
Vk&ft it" 11,6 'Tf
dE. U an nPort'nt Si
lent forii'erly seat of the
U at !?Tntnent of tne Amur.
""I VLZ, lunctio" f the Amur
H brnr' r,Ter ani on the Us
lUwt, h of tl,e Trans-Siberian
iftevernment Takes All Precautions
In Slanip Out Threatened Re
bellion Arrests Denied.
I By CniUKi Press.
Berlin. April 10. rearing a
new niilifary coup the goTern
mcnt today took extensive pre
cautious to guard itself.
The district around govern,
men', buildings was barred to
the public Fifteen tanks, 20
armored cars and a number of
machine gun companies were
brought into the city and plac
ed on gnard.
Armed detachments patrolcd
the Wilhelmstrasse and Unter
den Linden.
, The government denied a re
port that Major Bischoff and
General von Lnettwitz, alleged
monarchist plotters, had been
Warsaw, April 11. (By the As
sociated Press.) Danzig dispatch
es received assert that intercepted
wireless - communication indicates
that Russian reactionaries in Ger
many are raising German-Russian
detachments at various points, in
cluding Silesia and at Hammer
stein, West Prussia.
Washington, April 16. An - in
crease of 463 per cent in the last
10 years in the population of Mus
kegon Heights, Mich., announced to
day by the census bureau, is the
largest yet reported in the 1920
census. From a population of 1,680
in 1910, the city has grown to 9,514.
The largest increase previously
announced was that of Scotts Bluff,
Neb., which showed a growth of
295.9 per cent. The figures follow:
Washington, April 16. Census
figures reported today were:
Battle Creek, Mich.. 3C164: in
crease 10,897 or 43.1 per cen over
1910. ,
Enid, Okla., 16,576; increase 2,777
or 20.1 per cent.
Macomb, 111.. 6,714; increase 940
or 16.3 per cent.
Hillsdale, Mich., 5,476 increase
475 or 9.5 per cent.,
Owosso, Mich., li,575; increase
2,936 or 30.5 per cent.
Bowling Green, Ky.. 9,638; in
crease 465 or 5.1 per cent.
Lufkin, Texas, 4.878; . increase
2,128 or 77.4 per cent.
Phillipsbury, N. J , 16.923;
crease 3,020 or 21.7 per cent.
Southbridee, Mass., 14,245;
crease 1,653 or 13.1 per cent.
Gloucester, X. J., 12,162; increase
2,700 or 28.5 per cent.
C'hiraeo. Anril 16. City and
eouuty offices will be closed tomor
row for the , funeral of Roger I ,
SSnllivak. nomoeratic leader, who'
died at his home here Wednesday.
Messages received today from po
litical leaders tnrougnoui ine coun
try announced their , intention of
attending the funeral. Archbishop
Mnndclein will conduct the services
at Holy Name cathedral.
". VAIL.
"Kewanee, 111!, April 16- Kewanee
was quiet this morning. , : .
Six hundred' reserve militiamen
from Chicago,' called here two days
ago to suppress rioting in connec
tion with the strike of 3,000 em
ployes of the Walworth Manufac
turing company, barred loiterers
from the streets and prevented
strikers from Congregating near the
plant when the 800 workmen on
duty reported for work.
Adjutant General Dickson who
took personal command of t'aa
guardsmen, announced today that
the soldiers would be kept here as
long as there was any prospect of
I By United Press.)
Berlin, April 16. American army
investigators today confirmed the
report of German reichswehr troops
that Paul R. DeMott, Paterson, X.
J., was killed while trying to escape
from the German military prison
at Wesel.
The report was made to the
American military mission by
Major Foster, assigned by A. E.
Dresel, the American commission
er, to make the investigation.
It was established, the report
said, that De Mott's passport had
been issued to do journalistic
work in France and later had been
extended, allowing him to visit the
Baltic states. The extension was
made by American authorities in
The passport, the report said, ap
parently had been changed to allow
DeMott to visit west Russia.
DeMott was arrested, for alleged
connection with the Ruhr com
munist revolt.. He was shot when
the soldiers alleged he attempted
to escape. Investigation by the
American authorities here will be
Washington, April 16Reorgan
ifation of the state department rec
ommended by former Secretary
Lansing was begun today by Sec
retary Colby with the appointment
of Wilbur j. Carr, director of the
consular service, as assistant to
the secretary of state.
Mr. Carr has been given charge
of personnel, administration? busi
ness methods and general manage
ment of the department and will
make a systematic study of the de
partment with a view to making
such changes as may be considered
necessary. . . . . . ' , '
Washington. April 16; R. C. Lef -ffngwell,
assistant secretary of the
treasury, has .resigned and bis rcs-
I ignation - has been accepted by
P resident Wilson.
Fear Held for Workers in
Turk Attack at Aintab,
' Syria 11 in Party!
Constantinople,' April 14. (By
the Associated Press). Messages
have been received from the Aintab
, area, in northern Syria, indicating
j that Turks and Armenians are en
i gaged in heavy fighting. the'Arme
; nians occupying the American mis
' sion buildings. This news has
i aroused uneasiness regarding the
i position of the 11 American relief
1 workers at .Aintab.
Situation Grave.
New York, April 16. Near East
relief officials received a cable. mes
sage from Constantinople today
saying that the situation in Aintab
is grave, but that a
relief force
was reported enroute. The organ
ization's records show 11 Ameri
can relief workers at Aintab.
They are:
Dr. Lorrin G. Shepard. Orange,
N. J., an American board mission-
j ary in charge of the station, and
! Mrs. Shepard.
J. P. Merrill, Newton, Mass..
president of the American College
at Aintab. and an American board
John H. Boyd. Wresson, Miss., as
sistant to Dr. Shepard.
Frank P. Pears, Topeka. Kan.
Miss Sturmer, recruited in
Miss Constance Barker, Roches-
ter, N. Y an American board mijait" of the counsel and advice of
" Miss Loretta Bigely. Whitemoore,
Iowa, a Red Cross nurse.
Miss Elizabeth Kelly, Cleveland,
Miss Louise M. Clark and Miss
Lucille Foreman, American board
Dublin. April 36. Another hun
ger strike is reported to have been
begun in Mount Joy prison: The
political prisoners, both convicted
and unconvicted, who are still de
tained there refused to take food
last night.
The latest hunger strikers total
40, including nine who participat
ed in the original strike.
Sergeant Henison, who was shot
during the passage of a procession
through the streets of Balbriggan
Wednesday, died today.
Limerick, Mucster. Ireland. April
16. While constabulary were es
corting mails from the postoflice to
the railway station last night
crowds pelted them with stones
and it is alleged the civilians fired
some shots. The police returned
the fire, wounding two or three
New York, April 16. Girl strike
breakers running elevators today
enabled lawyers, financiers and oth
er tenants of sky scrapers in the
Wall street district to getito their
offices. '
At the Woolworth and Singer
buildings it was announced that
nearly all the elevators were being
operated by women.
The 'Equitable building had 30 of
its 63 cars operating to lift its
population of more-than 10,000 to
their offices. Some buildings claim
ed not to have been affected at all,
and at others it was said that ser
vice was 75 per cent normal.
Washington, April 16. In return
ing his agricultural statistics sub
ject to the census bureau, a Penn
sylvania farmer eliminated facts
about crops altogether. An inquiry
by the bureau brought this explana
tion: '
"'The population near and about
my farm has a tendency to relieve
the owner from the labor of gather
ing bis own crops. This altruistic
impulse is so predominant that. I
have refrained, from planting any
thing tor the past 20 years., Am
just now turning about 40 acres
into a cemetery and hope to fill it
Views On Deportation
Aired Before Wilson
at Cabinet Meeting.
(Special to The Argus.)
Washington, D.C.April 16. Pres
ident Wilson has asked both the
department of justice and the de
partment of labor to inquire close
ly into the relationship between
so-called "radicals" and "commun
ists' and the industrial disturb
ances which have been cropping
out of late throughout the coun
try. , i
The president gave the impres
sion to his cabinet that while the
government should proceed relent-
lessly against disturbers of Indus-
trial peace and deport aliens found
guilty thereof, he wanted the judi
cial process to be painstakingly
Mr. Wilson's first cabinet meet
ing in nearly eight months was
extraordinarily interesting. The
president sat behind a mahogany
desk in the upper apartments of
the White house. It is a room used
by him as a study. There is a tab
let on the wall which recalls that
President Lincoln held his Civil
war sessions with the cabinet in
' the same room. Mr. Wilson sat
with his back to the light which
streamed in from the south por
tico. Members of the cabinet shook
hands with him as he sat at bis
desk. To each he had a pleasant
word of greeting, ('hairs were
brought from adjoining rooms, and
as the room is rather spacious, the
cabinet members moved up close
to the desk in semi-circular array.
Nobody smoked.
Asked Advice.
Thd president opened the meet
ing with a brief statement of the
apparently critical . situation in
which the country had been plung
ed by the strike of railway em
ployes and said be wanted the ben-
th cabinet.
Attorney General Palmer, who
had brought a portfolio of papers
to the meeting, immediately re
sponded with an analysis of the
underlying currents of mischief
making which had been injected
into industrial troubles by I. W.
W.s, "radicals," "communists" and
other malcontents. He said that
wherever a strike existed or was
threatened the disturbing elements
promptly availed themselves of the
opportunity to stir up more trou
ble. He told of the policy which
his department had pursued in in
vestigating aliens and bringing the
cases to the attention of the de- j
partment of labor for deportation.
A rather pointed colloquy occur
red on the subject of the law in
volved in deportations, and Presi
dent Wilson asked many questions.
When the attorney general had
concluded, the president turned to
Secretary William B. Wilson and
asked for the viewpoint of the de
partment of labor, which is charg
ed entirely with the enforcement of
the deportation laws. There had
been during the discussion a plain
. (Continued on last page.)
New York, April 16 A call for
mother cats to nurse baby silver
foxes was received in New York
today from an upstate farm owner.
N. H. Bacon, president of the
New York Fur Auction Sales cor
poration, to whom the appeal for
cats was sent, said the fox farmer
was willing to take all the cats he
could gel.
A mother cat can earn $2.50 for
six weeks' endeavor, he said. At
the end of six weeks a litter of
baby foxes becomes sufficiently
mature to take solid food.
The Weather
Unsettled weather tonight and !
Saturday. Probably showers. Not
much change in temperature. j
Highest temperature yesterday, ;
63; lowest last night, 35. - !
Vind velocity at 7 a. m., 12 miles :
per hour.
Precipitation last
H hours, 1.02 i
12 m. 7 p.m. 7 a.m.
yester. yester. today
.61 49 37
.54 49 35
.62 99 SO
Dry bulb tern.
Wet bulb tem.
Rel. humid. . .
Daily River Bulletin.
. Change
,' Stage. 24 hrs.
SL Paul 7.4
Red Wing 7.1
LaCrosse 9.0
Dubuque 14.6
LeClaire 10.8
Davenport 14.2
Muscatine .15.2
River Forecast.
-0.3 i
0 "
The Mississippi will continue to printed propaganda to wean the
fall rapidly from below Dubuque to (railroads away from all other or
Clinton, and at a decreased rate ganizations until the one big union
from LeClaire to Muscatine, unless! would have sufficient strength to
further heavy rains occur. The declare a general strike on all
precipitation of - Thursday , night ! lines, in all crafts, thus precipitat
doe3 no SBDear 4o have been suf-Mne the crisiR rhronrh whlrh it i
ficient to cause a rise at Muscatina
j. m. sntAULM., Meteorologist. .
Asks Permission for Troop Moye
Against Sonora Through Texas
Ken Mexico and Arizona.
Washington, April 16. Mexico
hae asked permission from the Unit
ed States to move troops through
American territory so as to attack
the state of Sonora from the north.
So action on the request has yet
been taken.
Best Way In.
The only other point of attack
j against Sonora is through the Pul-
pito pass, between Sonora and Chi
huahua, and it was said that this
pass could be defended by a very
small force of Sonora troops.
In making known today that Mex
ico had requested permission t
move troops through Texas, New
Mexico and Arizona, officials said
the United States was "under pres
sure from the Mexican govern
ment." Agua Prieta, Sonora, Mexico,
April 16. Troops of the Republic
of Sonora, stationed at Cauanea,
numbering 800 have been ordered
to proceed at once to defend this
port, according to General J. M.
Pina, in order to prepare against
posible invasion of the state by Car
ranza troops from United States
territory, in event permission is
granted the federal government to
route troops through the United
Paris, April 16. The representa
tives in Berlin of France, Great
Britain, Italy and Belgium will
join in a warning to Germany that
she must execute without delay the
disarmament and demobilization
clauses of the peace treaty, accord
ing to present plans.
It is understood that the charge
d'affaires will also say to the Ger
man government that in case the
insurrectionary movements in Ger
many are not suppressed the allies
mav refuse further deliveries of
London. April 16. The London
evening newspapers feature promi
nently the semi-official statement
from Paris that the allies, on the
initiative of Great Britain, are
about to take energetic steps to en
force German disarmament, even
to the extent of cutting off food
supplies, if necessary. Most of the
journals in their editorials welcome
the news unqualifiedly.
In official quarters here it is
stated that the final decision re
garding the situation will be taken
at San Remo.
Chicago, April 15. Plans of the
Industrial Workers of the World to
advocate the "one big union" move
ment during the present unrest
c' among railroad workers, were re
. ! vealed in a statement by William D.
I ! Havwood. former general secretary
and treasurer of the I. W. W and
John Sandgren, editor of the One
Big Union monthly, published here
The two leaders were quoted as
denying any connection between
the Industrial Workers of the
World and striking organizations,
but said efforts had been made to
institute industrial unionism in the
unauthorized strikes as in all other
strikes of importance.
"We have always agitated toward
securing recruits for the one big
union idea," Haywood was quoted.
"We did so in the Gary steel strike,
and we probably will do so as long
as we are an organization for w
consider that the goal of all in-
dustrial organization.
"Plans which the I. W. W. has
been advocating include a complete
orranization for a one bie union
with the ultimate goal ' of taking
over the railroads and oneratirs
them by the union.
"These plans arej briefly:
"The use of both verbal and
sloped the companies will paaa into!
tne lianas oi me -union. ' -
Rebel Leader and Aide
Eager to Serve Time
for "Cause."
Chicago, April lti-Charters
of three lodges of the Brother
hood of Railway Trainmen were
revoked today by A. F. Whit
ney, vice president of the order.
The lodges are 4'fi. of which
. John (inmau, presideut of the
"outlaw" yardmen's union, was
a member; 647, a stockyards
local, and 10N. of San Fran
cisco. More than 700 strikers
in Chicago were thus removed
from anion mem Iters hi p. losing
their seniority and all o(Iit
rights. All other strikers in
the Chicago district have been
given until midnight Saturday
to return to work, Whitney an
nounced. If they refuse their
memberships will he canceled
and their seniority rights lost.
Chicago. April 16. John Grunau,
presideut of the Chicago Yardmas
ters' association, and H. K. Read
ing of the United Enginemen's as
sociation, the two "outlaw" rail
way unions, announced this morn
ing that they would go to jail on
the government charge of conspir
acy to violate the Lever act.
The two, with 22 of their follow
ers, were arrested yesterday by
federal agents and released on
their recognizance until 2 p. m. to
day, to give them a chance to ob
tain the $10,000 twnd set by Com
missioner Mason.
Won't Seek Bait
"I can raise the required bail
with ease," Grunau said, "but I
don't intend to do it. I question
the right of the government to ar
rest me. I have, committed no
crime against .the laws of the coun
try, and if the government officials
want to put me in jail, I won't hin
der them."
Reading declared that "it's prin
ciple that prompts me to go to jail
rather than give bail." 1
"The organization will not dis
band." he said. "Another set of
officers will take the places left
vacant by those who choose to go
to jail with me. There will be no
letup in our campaign.
Fighting Brotherhoods.
"We have no quarrel wiih the
government or with the railroads.
What we are fighting is the old au
tocratic rule of the brotherhoods.
"Our only compromise will be
for them to accept our constitution,
including the initiative, referendum
and recall as applied to the admin
istration of the brotherhoods."
Department of justice agents
were hunting today for five men
who escaped the dragnet spread
over union meetings yesterday.
One of the five is Bennett G. Do
lan, a "four-minute" speaker dur
ing the war and brother of a for
mer municipal judge.
New York, April 1G. Indications
that the unauthorized rail strikes
were nearing an end in this vicinity
were declared to be .visible today
by railroad officials and officers of
the "Big Four ' brotherhoods.
Thev said the ultimatum of the
railroad managers yesterday, giv
ing the men until Saturday noon
to report back for work on penalty
of being dropped from considera
tion, was a body blow to the morale
of the strikers. As an indication
of the effect of the decision, Ho
boken railroad men belonging to
the brotherhoods, as well as the
men on strike, have voted to stick
bv the loyal unions. They have
asked Vice President Timothy J.
Shea of the Brotherhood of Rail
way ' Firemen, to request Mayor
Hague of Jersey City, to use his
influence with the roads to have all
the men taken back.
Meanwhile, the brotherhood lead
ers continued their efforts to iu
duce the men to return and suo
mit their grievances to the new
railway labor board. K. A. Dodge,
assistant president of the Brother
hood of Railroad Trainmen, said,
"the men had better go back wh.le
the going is good."
A gradual improvement - in the
transportation situation was re
ported by the raiiroads. Passen
ger service showed the greatest
improvement, due largely to the
continued successful use of yolun
w crews. More than 65.000 com
muters were carried on the "volun-1!
ter". trains yesterday. 5 -
While the freight tieup cont'.nucd
serious, railroad officials declared
some improvement had been made, i
'1 fi urt
Consideration of Wage
Dispute Begun; Hanger
Is Elected Secretary.
Washington, April Nh The
railroad labor board iicrfected
a tmprary organization at Its
initial meeting today by elect
ing Henry Hunt, former mayor
of Cincinnati. Ohio, as chair,
man, and Wallace Hanger of
this city as secretary. BoJi are
members of the public group.
The wage dispute as it stood
with the breaking up of the
bi-partisan wage conference
here two weeks ago was sub
mitted (4i the hoard, Mr. Hang
er announced, and the board
will begin consideration of it
at once. ' '
Others Due Tomorrow.
The iioard will meet again tomor
row and by that time the two ab
sent members. Judge R. M. Barton
of Memphis, Tenn., representing the
public, and A. O. Wharton of the
labor group, are expected to be
present when the organization of
the boerd probably will be made
Secretary Hanger's announce
ment made it clear that the board
would not consider separately the
wage demands 'of the railroad men
now on strike. The hi-partifan
conference here between the rep
resentatives or tne roads and the
union undertook a settlement of
the whole wage question and the
board will take the matter up
where that conference left it,
Washington, April 16. The new
ly appointed railroad labor board,
which is to coubider immediately
the wage demands of railroad em
ployes, held its first meeting- here
today with six of Uie nine members
The three railroad representa
tivesHorace Baker, J. H. Elliott
and William L. Park were on
hand, but J. J. Forrest r was Hie
only labor representative present,
while only two 6f the public group
were at the meeting. They were
G. Wallace W. Hanger of this city,
and Henry Hunt of Cincinnati.
Judge R. M. Barton of Memphis.
Tenn., the third public representa
tive, has been limed to come to
Washington and is expected tomor
row. The president has also tele
graphed to Albert Phiiiips and A.
O. Wharton, the other two labor
representatives, to hurry to the city.
Mr. Phillips is expected today
from Cleveland, and Mr. Wharton
should arrive tomorrow from Kan
sas City, where he has been attend
ing a railroad union meeting.
Continued Yesterday.
The nine members of the board.
called by the president, to meet and
organize immediately, were con
firmed yesterday by the senate after
two days of discussion of Mr. Wil
son's selections.
Virtually all strikers throughout
the country who have voted to re
turn to work, did so with the stipu
lation that their demands would be
referred to the board, hence speedy
completion of organization by the
board is anticipated.
Chicago, April 16. Speedy disin
tegration of unauthorized railroad;
strikes in the central and far west?
was forecast today with a serious
blow struck by the government ati
the insurgents stronghold in Chi-,
cago by the arrest of 25 strike
The arrest of the Chicago lead
ers, who were at liberty today un
der bonds of $10,000 or arranging
for bail, left local insurgents vir
tually loaderless. Five other lead
ers for whom warrants have been
issued were expected to surrender
Federal officials announced they
had gained their objective in the
strike and indicated that no fur
ther arrests were scheduled.
Chiefs Deny Charge.
The arrested leaders, including -
John Grunau, organizer of the Chi
cago Yardmen's association, the
first organization which went on
strike, and Harold E. Reading,
president of the United Engine
men's association, denied that a
strike existed in violation of the
Lever act. They simply had re
signed because they could not live
on existing wages.
Although some leaders declared
they had "just begun to fight," it'
was understood that a meeting
would be held during the day to
determine the attitude of tha in
surgents' organizations toward the
government's ultimatum that inter
ference with shipments of food and
other necessities must stop. .
Jobs ia Jeopardy.
' Warnings were issued In the
principal strike centers in the west
that unless the men returned to
work by tomorrow their positions
would be declared vacant and new
men employed.
In Chicago 830 switchmen em
ployed on various roads returned
to work yesterday, railroad execu
tives announced, while a continued
improvement was reported in traf
fic conditions.' Steel mills at Gary, "
lnd , whe.-a 10,000 workers haye '
been idle, were preparing to re- :
same operations today. - -

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