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Fovoded to the year 1ML THE DAILY UNION lMt. ratered at tbe poatoflce at Rock Island. XXL, as r : - second class matter under the act -", " of March 3.187. THE J. Tf. POTTEB CO, TsMIshen, tvck Islaad Beaker Assodatod Frew. Fan Leased Win Report rfor npubliratloa el sit m ditpatriwa cradM "H , or sot oUusrwu eredllad to tbl papar aid aia Uaa ,t ami atwi publubts twrtia. was conservative in that be seldom waa led astray by uaprored fads or theories, bat-not to inch an extent that he was unable to recog size tnia merit in that which was new,'- Having himself attained iuccets by the hard road his sympathies always were with the common peo ple, a fact which was shown in many ways and was an element of strength to him in his political campaigns. Election to the office of mayor for four times constitutes a tribute to Mr, McConochie which really calls for no elaboration, ". v , United Press Leased Wire Report. V - l, Member Audit Bureau of circulations. - Official Paper City of Rack Island. Jfew Tork OIBa U. 0. WsUen. SSS fittb Anam. . Cbleaco Office A. W, Allen, 183S People Q Bids. SATl'KDAI, MAI S 1930. Knm Tha Anas sf March Zi "The Argaa kcnrelorth ill be omdoctcS M a lafeprarirat Mwapaper, unbiwed by pitruaaa Uea. at at free a4 tr&f to tUla Ita hoocat coavictlena la ttw iBtrraat at IB comraua vallate." : Mother's Day. x J.From England, the' idea of setting apart a certain, day (or an outward demonstration of tb Inward love of children .to mothers, spread u America. : It was flrst celebrated in Phila delphia Ul J90S. , ; .., Congress, in 1914, recognizing the merit and fbeauty of the custom, passed a Joint resolution .'"designating the second Sunday in May as Mothers' day. and for other purposes." Y7 if " tinder it the president is authorized, and "requested, to issue a proclamation in remem brance of the day. The United States flag is to be displayed on all public buildings, and, as a public expression ot the love of the people for the mothers of the country, the people are also requested to' display the . flag at their homes. , I'erhaps the Jewish saying puts compactly what a hundred words could no better do: "God could not be everywhere and, there fore, he made mothers." ' Not only does slie bear the child. Her work is then but begun. It is hers to raise and guide, truly to care for in sickness and in health; to see it bud and blossom Into full growth while she slowly but surely, pines away, the withered parent stem. -Home is the center of life. .Mother is the center of the home. No wonder a day has been set apart lor her alone. The wonder is that nobody thought of it sooner. But it is a pretty observance with charming features that will make it endure, . surely, through the centuries. No Half Peace. The United States cannot afford to affront its own self-respect by making a half peace with Germany. ' ' A . congressional resolution withdrawing the declaration of war against Germany will not change in any fundamental respect the status of suspended hostilities under the terms of the armistice. . . The essential fact of a formal peace is that it imposes terms on a fallen enemy. ' That is why there can be no peace except by treaty. A treaty is an engagement between two or more nations. It necessitates an interchange of negotiations. Congress has no machinery for discussing peace terms with the Germans. That is th t exclusive function of the executive branch of the American government. Therefore, there is no way by which congress can make a joint resolution serve as a treaty of peace. . Congress, intimates that a peace resolution is necessary to end the equivocal relations ex isting between the United States and Germany. A peace resolution cannot change Germai? American relations in any basic respect. They must remain equivocal as long as terms ot peace have not been adopted by both sides i; treaty form. The real purpose of the peace resolution is to humiliate the president of the United States in the face of the enemy. The American peo ple are the ones who will be humiliated if the resolution is adopted. No country can in sult its ruler and hold him up to enemy ridi cule by formal legislative act without offend ing its own dignity. America can get along well enough, under i the present terms of the armistice, or 'easily j amended terms, until sucu time as a peace treaty is finally adopted. J!-4 I DV vlLUAM BRADY WD. j MERC LICS HANS ANCIENT ENEMY, ' OUkLCAffC. WHO DISINTERS THE UNLOVED CUSS. i beware! SOXG OF 80568. t'nheeding past me moves the human throng, Koshing, harrying Djr on resuess iev Obsessed by Self. Jisoo, note doth pus to Street His feUow man; the race is to the strong Whs win their sordid-(rains by right or wrong. Trampling their weaker brothers to defeat . , . But bark: ... irom out uie maewuva echoes sweet The soft, clear notes of Mother's cradle song; The Song of songs! That dear voice "Hush, be still As an mouse the melody brings rest To mr tired heart: its cadence brimrs a thrill Of utter joy. Ah. dear old song, thrice blest... Would that the night of time turn en dace until Again I'd hear that ttong at Mothers breast. AMONG those securing marriage licenses yestiddy we lamp the names of Harry G. Rath bun, Davenport; and Perpetua A. Major, Bock Island. There ought to be a sort of musical wheeze in that Frinstance, one might hazard that Perpetua has taken a major step: that life should be full of harmony; and oh, no end cf 'em. But wait till they hit Hi C and try to find A flat. IX LEAP YEAR EVERY Cf RL IS THE ARCH ITECT 01" HER MV COOU FORTUNE. (From Ma's Society Page). Miss Frances Hofner received the trophy which signified a coming mar riage, and Miss Mae Krone the penny which signifies good fortune. SUMMIT. AVE., 1316 Sleeping rooms, suit able for two. modern house, walking distance; ! man and wife, ladies or gentlemen. Auto 87535. Sioux City Journal. After marriage some of 'era DO cease to treat each other-as ladies and gentlemen. Sounds sort of good to hear a steamboat whistle again. Baseball, an' circus, an' steamboat excur sions 'n everything all in one day! O Skinnay! Come on over! It is hot necessary that one should return from the dad in order to convince us tliat ihere are no profiteers in heaven. William McConochie. Rock Island feels a distinct loss in the death ot William McConochie, Civil war vet eran, old settler, leading builder and for four terms mayor. No one lias been more closely identified with the city's progress during the last half century than he. Born of good Scotch fighting stock, he in herited many of the, sterner Qualities which made for his t&eccss. Along with industry, ambition and painstaking thoroughness he early learned to cultivate careful habits of living which conserved his 'energies and en abled him to round out a long career and de liver'a full measure of service. The spirit of the man was shown when as a mere youth he overcame the handicaps of age and parental objection to enter the army and fighl for the union. Four years urider the flag taught him courage, patriotism and the value of discipline, which ever after were out standing characteristics. He was a close stu dent of human nature and was able to judge men, which was of great assistance to him in politics, in his official career, and as an em ployer. His work both as a builder and in the public service, always was well done. He It was hardlj. necessary for milliners to announce that prices of summer hats will not be raised. Couldn't put them any higher with out remodeling the roof. Don't blame President Deschanel for re fusing to permit his wife .to accept that $5,000 hat. He's got to pay for her millinery all the rest of her life. LOST!!!! We used to own a litlle collie But the other drty she lost us. Whoever finds her can, by golly, Have her for the tire (.he cost us! Personal Health Service. V There are departments of health in nearly all of the states and ter ritories and provinces of the Unit ed States and Canada, and county and city and village boards of health and everything. Yet people go right on getting sick, and what is. worse, they come down with easily preventable diseases right along, and what is still worse, they do not even know the diseases they are contracting are preventable, and what is worst of all they do not know how to avoid having the dis eases even when they get wind of the fact that there is no need of being sick. So much for the mod esty of our public health authori ties. This department of this newspa per is dedicated to Personal Health Service. It has no other function. It costs readers nothing. Use it Readers will, I am sure, over look the egotism of the conductor of this department, which prompts him to drag himself into the col umn nearly every day. All doctors are vain. They can't help it. It makes them more amusing. And, have you not noticed that every doctor thinks nearly every other doctor's views and opinions are ridiculous? They're a queer lot. However, the conductor of this de partment strives to print occasion ally a fact of some value to the health of readers. He certainly pores over the literature many an hour in quest of the elusive fact so summingly concealed in a mass of heterogenous verbiage. And when ticed, are almost as scarce as reme dies In this department. The aim, you see, is not to suggest ills, but to suggest good health. It takes a wise man to know his own health. Many a semi-invalid has discovered, after years ot suffering, that, after all, there was nothing the matter. That is why symptoms get short shift here, and normality is empha sised. It is worth a great deal to any one to know that he or she is normal. QUESTIONS AXD ANSWERS. Uselessness of Eardrums. Would you advise me to pay $20 for a pair of artificial eardrums for chronic dearness? tMrs. K. R. L.) Answer No. So-called artificial drums are impracticable and do not improve hearing. A real aid to hearing for the deaf is the acoiistlcon, worn upon the ear. This instrument is similar in prin ciple to the telephone. Earrings and Hoodoo ism. Please give instructions, for punching holes in the ears. Will wearing gold earrings help the eyes? (Ruth.) Answer Don't Twin Beds. Is it an injury for a person 60 years old to sleep with a child of 10? The little boy is the picture of health, but I have been told it is wrong for us to sleep together as I take the energy from him. (S. C. M.) Answer Each would have bet ter rest in a seoarate bed. Two in one bed. irrespective of ages or he does succeed in dragging an) other conditions, disturb one an- actual fact to the surface and dust- other's rest and divide any com ing it off and serving it here, it j municable disease either may nap makes him happy, for sooner or i pen to have. The taking away of later some reader writes in to tell I the other's energy is mere super just how much that fact has helped I stition, especially popular among somebody. j southern negroes. For instance, here is a fact to j Baby Born With Teeth, ponder not a new fact, but one asi is it true that occasionally a old as time: All disease is organic, baby is born with two teeth? Is even though it is called "merely j any superstition attached to this functional." The purpose of this fact? (Mrs. L. T.) column is to aid readers in coping Answer Yes. Probably many with organic disease in the pre- superstitions they are attached to functional stage; to teach them how! nearly every natural occurence to keep well. j which seems strange to the ignor- Symptoms, you must have, no-i ant. Someone rises to announce the discovery that the English are stealing a march on us in rounding up German trade. Of course they are. Stealing marches is one of the best things they do, though for that matter anyone could do it now so far as the United States is con cerned. We mustn't expect the rest of the world to mark time simply because we're doing it, New York is going to try by means of law to prevent people from lying to newspapers. The purpose is praiseworthy, but it will be found eventually that they have merely clut tered up the statute book3 with more superflu ous legislation. For one thing guilt hinges upon ability to prove intent that the stories be published, which may not always be easy to do. Then the offense is only a misdemeanor, involving merely a light fine. The law. will not even help truthfulness by branding the liars, for the hardened ones usually glory in it and are willing to pay for extra publicity. IN spite of their martial name and place u residence Mr. and Mrs. Charles Arguebright of Battle Creek, Mich., live together amicably. YES. THAT'S THE "TRADE'S" FAVORITE METHOD OF REDUCING THE H. C. L. (From the Illinois Retail Merchants' Journal). The summer make of imported Swiss cheese is due early in May, with prices somewhat higher than the domestic ar ticle. There is a demand for imported Swiss and even though the prices are high it is anticipated that the trade will pay whatever is asked. EGGS S. C. Rock Island Red eggs for hatching. Call B. 1484. Peoria Star. Now wo know from whence comes our local reds. They hatch 'em. WE learn from the columns of our Ma So leuni that Mrs. Marjorie Allen-Seiffert used to write for the Spectra Hoax. You've heard of the Spectra Hoax, of course. It was similar to the Edgar Allen Poe Hoax to which James Whitcomb Riley largely contributed. "FIVE SECONDS A DAY WfTH OUR PRESIDENTS." XXI. CHESTER A. ARTHUR. Good man, but Gee! The prize he cops. For whiskers he Wore muttonchops! "U. S. HEARS CARRANZA WEAKENING." Davenport Times. Must be the old boy wheezing through his whiskers. THE Bloomington Pantagraph speaks of a "large lawyer's fee." Our recollection of large lawyer s fees is pleasant. Jack Stafford fixed up our exemption papers for nothing. "Anarchists Daze Italy With Riots" "Reds' Grip On Kiev Is Still Firm" "Fierce Battle in Fiume" Mexican Rebels Attack Xuevo La redo" "British Lords Favor Drastic Curb for Erin." What's In a Name? BY MILDRED MARSHALL (CopjTifbt. 1919, by the Wheeler Syndicate. Inc.) ESTHER. In England, Esther became famous since it was borne by two ladies beloved of Dean Swift; Esther Johnson and Esther Van homrigh, one of whom he called by the Latin equivalent Stella, and the other by the generic term for our gorgeous butterflies, Van essa, Estrella was the heroine of a Spanish pastoral and Abbe Fior ian borrowed it for his theatrical shepherdess. Sir Philip Sidney wrote a sonnet to Stella which runs: "O happy Thames that did my Stella bear; I saw myself with many a smiling line j Upon thy cheerful face, joy's livery wear. While those fair planets on they streams did shine; The boat for joy could not to dance forbear; While wanton winds, with beau ties so divine j Ravished, staid not till in her guiucu nun They did themselves, ch sweetest prison! twine. Five Minutes a Day. With Our President ,BI JAXES MOi GA? Lincoln's Valley Forge. ;u T r President Lincoln on battlefield of Anfletam. 1S61- 3tareh 4. Abraham Lincoln inaugurated 16th presideut, , accd 52. March 15. advised by the cabinet to surreudw Fort Sumter. J'urch 29, hp d?ennined to ' provision mid decern! it. April 1, because of his sup-lui.-cd militiiess, he was asked by Seward to relinquish to him his powers and ropon. Mbilifies. April 14, Fort Sumter sur rendered. April 15. Lincoln called for volunteers. July 21, the union army ronl- cd lit Bull Rnn. ISIS July 1. ncl'lrlian retreated from before rJclimond. Aug. -, second defeat at Bull Run. Sept. NJ-17, victory at Antie tam. Sept, 22, emancipation proc lamation. Dec. i.'i. union defeat at Fred ericksburg. 1S3 May 2-4, disaster at Chancel lorsviile. Seven stars already were gone from the blue field of the Sag at Lincoln's inauguration, and still Stella's talismanic stone is the others were fading away. How to lapis lazuli, vhat mysterious blue gem flecked with gold that dispels melancholy and frees the blood of fever, according to old superstition. Friday is her lucky day and 7 her lucky number. Argus Information Bureau (Any reader eaa m the answer to any Question bj writing The Arcus Informa tion bureau. Frederic J. Hukin. Director, Wuluscton. D. C. 6io full name and adoreaa and enclose two-cent stamp for return pottage Ri brief. AU inquiries confidential, the replies be IP a: sent direct to each individual. o attention wii 'J paid to anonrmoue letters. Q What is meant by an "ency clical letter?" R. C. A. This is a term applied to a VERILY, maiden! Peace, thou'rt a bedraggled R. E. M G. THE PMLY ESPECIALLY CIGARS. By H. L. Langdale. (Copyright, 1920, by Wheeler Syn dicate, Inc.) "Now Tom," admonished Madge, italicizing each word with an em phatic forefinger poke into her hus band's overcoat, "Jremenibur, ,the Bronsons are coming to dinner to- night. Don't forget to bring home some flowers and cigars espeo ; tally the cigars." Sith a last pat and wifely kiss, . she pushed him into the vestibule, t losed the door on his "sure thing, . lioaey, goodbye," and hurried back , tu the kitchen to begin prepara tions for the evening. Tom and Madge Pritchard were , neHv comers in the Lakewood col ony, and this was to be their very first attempt at regular entertain ing. Mr. Bronson was some sort of partner In a large firm of archi tects, and a man that Tom as an expert draughtsman , "ought to , know," according to Madge. Mrs. Bronson, portly, exquisitely dressed, as regularly massaged as .Madge wa3 shampooed, sifted and organized whatever of society Lake- wood boasted; If Tom was not to fall short in Mr. Bronson 's eyes, neither' did Madge intend to be found wanting in the estimation of his wife. And to that end, she had planned this dinner with care. Slie hoped Tom would remember the cigars. Time was, in his bach ; elor' days, and, ehe hoped, time . would be in the future, when his pockets contained plenty of nice, brightly banded smokes as a mat ter of course. . ' But this year, what with the high cost of living and contributions to a fund 'known intimately u the , "Pritchard Super-Six Foundation," cigars had become things asso i elated only with anniversaries, a bunday afternoon walk, or the oc casional cashing of commission checks, s Fromptly at 6:25 the Bronson sedan drew up at the Pritchard curb. Madge, pretty and slim, and softly gowned in crepe de chine, was waiting to greet her guests. "My husband is late, as usual," she apologized gracefully. "Com muting is so unreliable!" But Tom came in Just then with a tale of open bridges and delayed traffic, and Madge slipped away. 1 Dinner was half over. So far. everything had been perfect. Salad course was next, then dessert, then coffee and cigars in the living room by the open fire. Horrors! Had Tom remembered? Catching his eye, she managed to convey, by a lift of the eyebrows and an inconspicuous two-fingered gesture as of one who removes a cigar from his mouth, the query. They had been married long enough for Tom to be fairly well trained in this delicate domestic art of sig nal and interpretation. Once, he would have laid down his napkin, half risen, and said, "Something the matter, dear?" But tonight utter blankness swept his countenance, succeeded by an expression of in finite dismay. Madge gave him, un der the circumstances, the) sweetest possible smile, and continued what she was saying to Mrs. Bronson. But beneath the rippling surface talk, her thoughts flowed deeply. Tom would keep. Bat what to do about the cigars? , While shifting plates for the salad, an idea occurred to her. Only a block below was s small part grocery, part stationery store, an unbeautiiul spot oa residential street, but quite fre quently a godsend to an uneipect erly visited housekeeper. She would start the salad, then, under pre text of delay in the kitchen, run down to the store, get the best ti the humidor in the living room, the humidor in thel iving room, and reappear from the kitchen as if she had been there all the time. The whole affair would take less than five minutes, a time she might conceivably be detained in prepa ration tor the next course. In the brightly lighted dining room, about the table SDaxklinz with shining silver and spotless linen, Madge's guests, toying with their cherry-topped salad, awaited her return to their midst and waited and waited "Madge!" Tom raised his voice slightly. There was reply. ' Meanwhile, Madge had accom plished her errand and was nearly home. Suddenly, riccotfheting across the street, skidded a loaded automobile, bumping, with a grind ing of brakes and startled cries from the inmates, into another car drawn up at the curb. Instantly appeared people from everywhere casual pedestrians, occupants of both automobiles and, unusually timely, Lakewood's one constable. Caught in the medley. it was several minutes before rtiaoge coum make her eacase. and then only after giving her name as me one witness to the accident. Wildly hoping her absence had not been noticed, Madee arrived breathlessly in front of her veranda veranaa wnicn seemed filled with people, although in reality there were only thrse. The light, streaming from the door behind, Ambassador Jusserand and My ron Herrick, former ambassador t A tVania u V - , - , iv w Bpcmaers at a reunion dinnr nt th. a Ukewowl'rerealed Mr.and Mrr, 3 ta New york ton. bareheaded, and Tom with a nap kin dangling in his hand. Madge, in an aznnv nf ih,m. being caught in the act of return ing from runnine awav fmm hrr own dinner party, littln li.wi v-hat a pretty picture she made as she stood below, her cheeks becom ingly flushed, her breath coming a bit quickly between parted lips kow explain herself? Plaaihi stories sprang to her lips, explana tions untrue, but surely permis soble under the Then, suddenly, with half a smile, 'Here they are. Tom " h m .... va-s om Ilia holding out a slim hand filled with Cigars. Some hours later. Tom fnrn. and penitently committed to drown ing himself if, by Jupiter, he ever forgot anything again, explained "e na gone to the kitchen in search of her. Then had come a crash and, well she kaew the rest Coincident with this conversa tion, Mr. Bronson was remarking to his wife: "Pritchard seems an A-l sort of chap line mind, although I guess his wife wishes he'd improve his memory!" Bronson laughed "I think," returned his wife, com placently, "that his little wife is going to be an addition to our com munity." Then added, epigram matically, "she has that invaluable social asset the sixth sense' which saves a situation." nvm mean," interrogated her ausband. "she wasn't phased when we caught her getting the cigars'" "Exactly!" said his wife. general or circular letter issued by a council, bishop or pope, with the idea of reaching a great number 01 people. Q. Why is the record given for home Yuns, hits, etc., always based on major league baseoali .' k. ii. A. Some of the miner leagues, particularly the Paafic Coast league, can play for a much longer season. Naturally, it would not be lair to compare their records with leagues where the season must be much shorter. Q. What is a curule chair? B. M. G. A. This was a chair of state, equivalent to a throne, in use among the early Romans. The chair was usually ornamented with ivory or gold, had curved legs, but no back, and could be folded as a camp stool is folded. It was ued by curule magistrates, dictators. consuls, praetor, and curule aediles" on formal occasions. The right to sit in the presence of others was one of the precious privileges of certain officers. Q. Who said "We love him for the enemies he has made?" R. A. D. ' A. General Bragg of Wisconsin uated in 1891 with highest honors. While In college he helped form a chapter of the national Phi Kappa Psi fraternity, of which President Wilson is also a member. Mr. Pal mer .married Roberta Bartlett Dix on of Easton, Md.. Nov. 23, 1S3S. Was admitted to the bar 1S93. Member 61st-63rd congress, 1909 1915. Appointed judge United States court of claims April, 1915. resigned September, 1915; appoint ed alien property custodian by President Wilson,' Oct. .', 1917: made attorney general March 5. 1919. He is a member of the So ciety of Friends. Q. Is there a visible sign of the prime meridian in Greenwich, Eng land? , T. A. S. A. On the road to the observa tory at Greenwich, the meridian has been marked in the stone. Q. What is meant by winter rules and summer rules in golf? W. H. A. Under summer rules, a play er must play his ball as it lies, while under winter rules, he is permitted to improve his lie or tee up his ball everywhere except iu hazards. Q. What is calorene? M. S. A. This is a new cutting eas made from alcohol. It is quite like said this of Grover Cleveland in a j acetl An .dn.dlysis of it shows 'l.J.T: rbon S6 per cent and hydrogen 14 per cent. It gives maximum cratic convention of 18S4, and this is said to have helped in his nomi nation. Q. How should I make an oyster rabbit? D. V. S. A A small size can of oysters or a similar quantity of fresh ones, one ounce butter, one-halt pound cheese, one saltspoon salt, cayenne, two eggs.' Melt the butter, then add the cheese cut into small temperature of 6,200 degrees Fah renheit while acetylene gives 6,300. Q. Who is the richest Indian in America? S. D. A. Jackson Barnett, a Cherokee, has this distinction. Q. Is the word milch used in re ferring to milk cows? B. L. S. A.' The department of agriculture keep more states from seceding and how to win back, to the union those in secession was the heart-racking problem which he faced while standing on the steps of the capitol to register in haven, as he said, his vow to preserve, protect and defend the constitution. When he sat down at his desk in the White house the next morning he found lying on it a report that the loyal garrison of Fort Sumter had food enough to last only a few days more. General Scott as sured the new president that it was impracticable to attempt to pro vision the fort and all except one member of the cabinet agreed with the veteran soldier. When the commanding general recommended that still another fort be given up, there fame to Lincoln a sleepless night, through which he watched by his sacred charge, the rended union, in its mortal crisis as the shadow of dis solution lay upon it. The morning found him fixed in his determina tion to save it. The forts should be defended. v He had kept his own counsel in all the soul-torturing struggles of that first decisive month of his term. While the inner Lincoln walked alone under his awful bur den, the outer Lincoln shuffled along good naturedly through the daily routine. As cabinet and lead ers, not one of whom had known him a year, watched and meas ured this quaint, simple-mannereii man, smiling and joking as he met the biggest and hungriest swarm of offlce-seekers that ever assailed a president, they were puzzled or disheartened., After four weeks. Sewaru, lue secretary oi state, bluntly proposed that the . new president should, leave statesman ship to him and continue to amuse himself only with banding out jobs. Without betraying the least re sentment, but with a firm hand, Lincoln put Seward in his place so effectively that in a little while the secretary was writing to his wife? "The president is the best of us all." At . the first test he had established his moral supremacy over the eminent statesman whom he had defeated for the nomina tion pieces, wnue the cheese is melt-mas just gone on record as ravor ing, beat the eggs lightly, add to j ing the use of the word milk in this them the oyster liquor, then the ; connection. Milch is used in the oysters, and add to cheese. When bible and in classical literature, but hot serve on squares of toast A nulk is the simple work-a-day word and will henceforth be used by the department. Q. Is there any law that pro cides for a superintendent of a poor farm opening all the mail of those who live there? T. L. G. ' A. The postoffice department says that the sealed mail of in mates of the county home is as book containing recipes for pre paring 216 different dishes with canned foods as a basis can be se cured free by sending a 2-cent stamp for return postage to our Washington information bureau. Q. What United States division lost the most men in the "World war? U. D. A. The Second division of our army had the most casualties. They had 4,419 battle deaths and 20,657 men were wounded in action. Q. Can. you tell me anything about the life of A. Mitchell Pal mer? R. O. F. A. Alexander Mitchell Palmer was born in Moosehead, Pa., May 4, 1S72. He attended Swarthmore he has to obtain Mm of , iw college, from which he was grad- citizen for that purpose. ter. The south had struck the 9rrt blow, and the people of the north rallied to the support of the nion. .When congress met in extraor dinary session on July 4. the pres ident already had enrolled 300,009 volunteer troops. In a few days he started the first army toward Richmond, the confederate capital, but only to see it hurled back in wild disorder from the banks of Bull Run. Slowly gathering a sec ond army, he sent it forth under McClellan, who was repulsed at the very pales of Richmond aid driven back in retreat down th James. Then he launched a third army southward under Pope, but it was stopped again at Bull Run. Emboldened by its success, the southern army advanced nortii ward, but McClellan stopped Lee in Maryland. Five days after that first victory for the union at Antie tam. Lincoln met his cabinet with a humorous story by Artemm Ward, and then, suddenly turning from the ridiculous to the sublime, he gravely announced that lie had promised God to free the slaves if the arms of the union should win the battle. Thereupon he drew from a drawer the emancipation proclamation, whoso existence had been known to no man. The darkest winter in American history since Valley Forge was yet to come. A fourth army that Lin coln hurled at Richmond met with disaster at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. and the western army ,undcr Grant seemed to be floundering hopelessly iu the swamps of the Mississippi. "My God! My God!" Lincoln crie 1 in broken tones, as he held in his hands a direful message from Chancellorsville. "What will tie countrv sav? What will the coun try say?" All that night he paced the floor of his office. When the clerks came in the morning they found him eating his simple break fast at his desk and beside him the instructions to the army of the. Potomac that he had thought out in the long, silent watches he Baa kept alone on the bridge. Lincoln never became a great ad ministrator. Except for a term as village postmaster, he came to the presidency wholly vithout execu tive experience, never having lad a clerk under him. The greatness of this man h to be found only in his simple hu manity and in his leadership of the people. In the firit dark year of the conflict, this gift ot his had made possible and probable the ul timate victory by winning to th union the states of Delaware, Mary land. West Virginia. Kentucky, -Missouri and the eastern Hectmnof, Tennessee. Himself born amum the people of that borderland, a knew them, and, with his finger o their pulse, he had slowly, patient ly led them away from the south and into the pa".h of loyalty to the union. The secret of his leadership ev erywhere was the same his Kin ship with the people, who never failed him. When statesmen ne awav from -him they talked ' forcing him to resign alter iu-n cellorsville the people pressed tor- ward with the shout. "We are com; ing. Father Abraham. 300.000 more. The faith, the spirit, the soul Lincoln was the fortress of tw union whose stout walls withstood everv assault. Even when he con fessed, in the general gloom or we winter of 1S62-63, that be w nearlv as inconsolable as he couia be and live, he sat down and wok m,t tv.io orrp nledee to himseJ. 1 "I expoct to maintain this contest Govt P this Fteli star picti perl' 1918 pun own tick' tim won chili . Tl inst jner fere dun ers mer tick ing lor gOOl adn lect on 1 tbe ben yea eno 2 c T tun tick 12 the hav tbe the gre bee car 1 tax ind con col the ton $11 of ere dat mo the ing wa cat onl en lat wil Tha arrival rtf tha foHornl alinnlir t 4 ii et.i-.foccfill nr till I (lie OT W ships at the mouth of Charleston 1 conquered or my term expires harbor was the signal for the con-1 congress or the country forsa federate bombardment of Fort Sum-'aie." Copyright, 1920, by James Morgan: published by special arrangement 1 with the McClure. Newspaper Syndicate. In the Day's News James Duncan, who has been se lected by - President Wilson for one of the vacancies on the inter state commerce commission, is one of the most widely known labor leaders in America. For nearly a fully protected from unlawful open-' quarter of a century he was vice ing as the mail of any other citizen, j president of the American Federa tion of Labor and he has represent The mere fact that these inmates, mostly former tax payers, are so unfortunate as to seek the shelter ot the home gives the superintend ent no license to interfere with their letters for the purpose of pry- ma mm tueir secrets runner than ed that organization in many im portant conferences, both at home and abroad. A native of Scotland, Mr. Duncan came to America in early manhood and took up his trade as a granite cutter. He join ed the- Granite Cutters' Interna tional association la 1SSL, and iu iS94 became its international pres dent. In 1900 he was the leader w :he great strike in the granite coi ling industry for the eight-how workday. Mr. Duncan is a tsm ber of the Americeri Academy e Political and Social Science vl J various other bodies aiming to pf wy mote public welfare. In iai' was a member of the- commissi0" sent to Russia -by President ' son. am an' nt De U die Lo ret Bh gri Oz l)c do Fl bo Hi ha st Tl I. Mi Hi be Ja ch H cr ar n( er ci ai th to M P,; D M g: li Si tl S: K St J? tl M b One hundred years ago today con gress passed an act for the esU lishment of the United Sutes tanic garden in Washington, D. t- The Socialist party is to holo first presidential nominating c ventioh since 1912 in New ir city today.