THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS
AND DAILY UNION.
MONDAY MAY 10, 192CU-FOURTEEN PAGES.
SIXTY-NINTH YEAR. NO. 173.
PRICE FIVE CENTT
ASSOCIATED PUSS LEASXD WUUS.
CN1TED PRESS LEASED WIRE.
Sims Worked For England,
BELITTLED COUNTRY FOR
BRITISH FAVORS, ANSWER
TO CHARGES OF ADMIRAL
Secretary Makes Long Awaited Reply to Criticisms
Says Sims Lacked Vision, Held British Supe-
v rior to U. S. and Sought Their Honors.
Washington. May 10. Socre- i
tary Pallida, before the senate
infestigating committee today,
made his long-awaited reply 10
he criticisms of Rear Admiral
Mms on the navy's part in the
The naval secretary let go
a broadside which included
charges that Sims lacked vis
ion, belittled the work of the
American nary in contrast to
the ISrilish, coveted British
decorations, and expects to be
come an honorary member of
the British admiralty. He de
clared that officers supporting
the Sims charges were largely
"people with a grievance." "
The testimony of other offi
cers, in possession of first
hand knowledge, Secretary
Daniels testified, "should be
accepted by all open-minded
men as absolute refutation of
practically all of Admiral Sims'
Sims. Secretary Daniels told
the committee, did not measure up
to expectations in various ways,
of which he mentioned six, aa fol
lows: Lacked Initiative.
"He lacked vision to see that, a
great and new 'project to bar the
submarines from their hunting
grounds should be promptly adop
ted and carried out. uo matter what
the cost or how radical the depart
ure from what ulta-prudent men
regarded as impracticable.
"He seemed to accept the views
of the British admiralty as super
ior to anything that would come
from America and urged those
views even when the navy depart
ment proposed plans that proved
"In public speeches and other
ways he gave a maximum credit
to British efforts and minimized
what his country was doing.
"He coveted British decorations
and seemed to place a higher value
on honors given abroad than on
honors that could be conferred by
the American government.
CoTeted British Rank.
"He aspired to become a member
of the British admiralty and wrote
eomplainingly when the American
government declined to permit him
to accept such a tender by the king
"He placed protection of mer
chant shipping as the main opera
tion of our forces abroad, failing to
appreciate that the protection of
transports carrying troops to
France was the paramount navel
duty, until I felt impelled to cable
him peremptorily that such was
our main mission."
Secretary Daniels testified that
if he had known that in October,
1918. Sims had made statements re
flecting upon the contributions of
the t'niied States army and navy to
winning the war to members of
congress visiting abroad, he would
never have recommended his pro
motion. Resents Irish Attitude.
"He had not then attacked the
Irish people," Secretary
I thought then he had
only defended American sailors, a j
proper thing to do, when attacked
unjustly by what he termed a law-
be termed a law- ber nations will be required to rtg
Cork. If I had I ister at this meeting any treaties or
less clement in
known that he proposed, under the
permission granted him, to tell the
story of what the navy had dona
overseas, to denounce the Irish
people as he did in his articles in I
"The World's Work.' the permission !
wnu.u uui nave ueen granieu.
Secretary Daniels said he had
never publicly or privately criti
cized Admiral Sims for lack of !
early vision in connection with the
North Seat mine barrage project
"or his other mistakes or wrong
Says Mayo Retrieved.
Admiral Mayo succeeded in con
vincing the British admiralty of the
soundness of the barrage scheme,
where Admiral Sims had failed, Mr.
The investigating committee. Sec
retary Daniels said, had been wear
ied and the public nauseated with
"an abortive attempt to ferret out
the mole hills of mistakes and ex
aggerate them into mountains, to
make a noble and notable accomp
lishment appear as the dim and
fading background of a frontispiece
of comparatively unimportant er
rors oi juagment
i ne navy s record in the war sippi will continue from below uu
stands untouched today and for all buque to Muscatine unless heavy
time despite criticisms from with-; rains occur.
In or without," ha declared, . I J. M. SHERIKR, Meteorologist.
TO CURB WARS
Pledged to Delay Fight
ing Nine Months.
BT DAVID LAWRENCE.
(Special to The Argus.)
Washington, May 10. The
League of Nations has been in ex
istence for four months. What has
it to show in the way of positive 1
results thus far? The facts as ob
tained from official information
here disclose that much of the work
of organization is yet to be done
but that plans for every branch of
the league's activity are fully un
Elihu Root, former secretary of
state, will sail soon for London to
act in an advisory capacity when
the constitution of a permanent
court oi international justice is sons of expediency, to apply moral
drawn up for submission to the as-1 and christian principles to the
sembly of the league at a later problems of the world. It is try
meeting this year. Senator Knox!.,. T,i-h nfiai nniitir-at
in his recent speech advocated such
a court and so have other leading
Republicans. It was provided for
in the covenant of the league and
is now to be established by con
ference of the most eminent jur
ists of all countries on June 1, at
London. The international court
will handle all judicial questions,
all disputes between nations which
are matters of law as apart from
political questions. But even po
litical controversies between na
tions often involve a question of
law or facts and it will be possible
for the council and assembly of the
League of Nations where political
problems will be considered al
ways, to refer a question of law or
fact to the international court for(of Versailles. They are entitled to
a judgment or opinion.
Three Other Conferences.
Besides the meeting at London to
create an international court of
justice, three other international
conferences are to be held under
the auspices of the League of Na
tions. The financial conference at
Brussels on May 25 has already at
tracted the attention of the eco
nomic world. And on June 15
there will be a seamen's labor con
ference affecting shipping. But
the most important meeting in the
immediate future is the session of
the council of the league to be held
at Rome on May 14.
Plans will be approved at that
meeting for the admission of new
states, for the convening of the as
sembly, for the constitution of a
permanent armaments commission,
and the registration of ' all new
treaties between members of the
league. Other quesUons will De
taken up such as central European
relief and the budget of the league
but it is significant that all mem-
ber nations will be required to rtg
agreements they may have made
with each other.
This is the first step in the era
of nublicity or open diplomacy on
te matter of treaties. Indeed, the
provisions of the league already ap-
(Continued on Page Five.)
Unsettled weather tonight and
Tuesday. Probably showers. Not
much change in temperature.
Highest yesterday, 79; lowest last
Wind velocity at 7 a. m., S miles
Precipitation last 34 hours, none.
12 m. 7 p.m. j&jb.
yester. jester, today
Dry bulb temp... 76 74 6S
Wet bulb temp.. 57 69 74
Relative humid.. 28 39 57
River stage, 7.7, a fall of .3 in last
' A fallinr tendency in the Missis-
PARTY TO STAY
PAT ON TREATY
Holds It Imperative Party Should
at Once Proclaim Itself Champ
ion of Nation's Honor.
Washington. May 10. A call to
the Democratic party to go into the
campaign standing four square in
favor of the treaty of Versailles and
against the senate's reservations
was issued last night by President
Wilson in a telegram to Oregon
Democratic leaders, made public at
the White bouse.
The telegram was in response to
the following message from G. E.
Hamaker of Portland, Ore., chair
man of the Multnomah County
Democratic central committee:
"Primary election, May 21.
"Please wire whether you con
sider it important to nominate can
didates pledged to ratify Versailles
treaty without Lodge reservations."
The reply of the president fol
lows: "I think it imperative that party
should at once proclaim itself the
uncompromising champion of the
nation's honor and the advocate of
everything that the United States
can do in the service of humanity;
that it should therefore indorse and
support the Versailles treaty and
condemn the Lodge reservations as
utterly inconsistent with the na
tion's honor and destructive of the
world leadership which it had es
tablished, and which all the free
peoples of the world, including the
great powers themselves, had
shown themselves ready to wel
come. "It is time that the party should
proudly avow that it means to try,
without flinching or turning at any
time away from the path for rea
and international reforms and it is
not daunted by any of the difficul
ties it has to contend with.
Faith Would Be Kept.
"Let us prove to our late asso
ciates in the war that at any rate
the great majority party of the na
tion, the party which expresses the
true hopes and purposes of the peo
ple of the country, intends to keep
faith with them in peace as well as
"They gave their treasure, their
best blood and everything that
they valued, in order, not merely to
beat Germany, but to effect a set-;
tlement and bring about arrange
ments of peace whicb they have
now tried to formulate in the treaty
tour support in this settlement and
(Continued on page four).
Springfield. I1L. May HL
fertain defeat of attempts to
insert a "wet" plank in the
Democratic state platform at
the stale convention of the
party here today was predicted
when the convention met at 1
The leaders declared Hie
platform would contain no
mention of the liquor issue and
that the national convention
should decide what would lie
the party's policy in regard to
Krnest Hoover of Taylorvllle,
chairman of the state Demo
cratie committee called the
convention to order and Thom
as Donovan of Joliot was elect
ed temporary chairman and
later was made permanent
Soringfield, 111, May 10. Har
mony Is expected to prevail at the
state convention of Illinois Demo
crats which is to convene in the
hall of representatives at the state
house at noon today, unless a "wet"
element demanded insertion of an
anti-prohibition plank in the state
platform. The "wets" are not in
sistent, however, and if they fail
to convince the committee on reso
lutions that the platform should
contain such a plank, they will
probably not bring the subject be
fore the convention.
Leaders favor leaving the
question of putting in a prohibition
plank until after the national con
vention at San Francisco and indi
cations are that this will be the
Former State Representative An
ton Cermak of Chicago, brought the
"wet" plank to Springfield and will
probably discuss it before toe reso
lutions committee. '
Lowden and Thompson
Carry Control Fight to
Springfield, 111- May 10. No
indication of any compromise
whatever in the contest for the
leadership oi the Republican
party in Illinois was apparent
when the stale conveuion of
the party convened today.
BoJh the adherents of Gov
ernor Frank I). Low den and
Mayor William Hale Thompson
of Chicago admitted that the
platform of principles Issued
by the Took county delegation
and opposed by Governor Low
den would eventually be
brought before the convention
in one form or another.
The platform will go first to
the committee on resolutions.
In case this committee decides
not to include it in its major
ity report it will be brought In
as a minority report. If it is
Included in the majority report
it will meet with the resist
ance of the governor's forces
on the floor of the convention.
Preceding the opening of- the
convention" "Mayor Thompson was
given an eight-minute demonstra
tion by the Cook county delegation
as he entered the hall. At this
time the congressional districts
were caucusing and Senator Law
rence Y, Sherman was chosen as
the member of the resolutions com
mittee from the 21st district.
Governor Lowden took his seat
with the Ogle county delegation
amid cheers shortly before Frank
L. Smith, chairman of the state
central committee called the con
vention to order.
Springfield, 111., May 10. Deter
mination of the leadership of Illi
nois politics is involved in the Re
publican state convention which
convenes here at noon today in the
state arsenal. Governor Frank O.
Lowden and Mayor William Hale
Thompson of Chicago being the
contenders for that leadership.
The fight for control will be con
ducted according to rules agreed
upon by the two factions in con
ferences yesterday. It will be wag
ed upon the question as to whether
a state platform prepared by Mayor
Thompson shall be a&jyjted at to
days convention, or wnetner, in
accordance with the governor's
wishes, the writing of the platform
shall be postponed until after the
national convention in June. The
latter plan was followed in 1916.
To Name Eight Delegates.
. Besides settling the platform
question, the convention today ex
pects to name eight delegates-at-large
to the national convention
and to name candidates for trus
tees of the University of Illinois.
Candidates for clerks of the second,
third and fourth appellate court
districts are also to be named at
district conventions preceding the
Hoping that harmony might pre
vail on the convention floor, Re
publican leaders, including Sena
tor Lawrence Y. Sherman, Con
gressman William Rodenberg of
East St. Louis, and others, called
a conference at the executive man
sion Sunday afternoon.
Governor Lowden, Mayor Thomp
son and a group of their lieuten
ants attended the conference, but
after a long discussion it was ap
parent that no agreement could be
reached and it was then decided to
carry the battle to tne floor of the
convention. It was decided, how
ever, that a roll call shall be taken
on the questions involved.
Frame Battle Plans.
With the decision reached to
(Continued on Page Twelve.)
PICK GLEASON AS
CHAIRMAN TO OPEN
G. O. P. CONVENTION
Chicago, May 10. The committee
on arrangements for the Republican
convention today elected L- . B.
Brown Gleason of New York tem
porary secretary of the convention
to be held here June 8. The com
mittee adjourned for lunch without
selecting a temporary chairman.
Chairman Will H. Hays told the
committee that the Republican sen
ators favored the selection of Sen
ator Henry Cabot Lodge as tem
porary chairman and keynote
speakers. The name of former
Senator Beverldge of Indiana was
mentioned for permanent chair
Tri-City Agitators Among
in Chicago Court.
Terry Shipman of Rock Is
land and Edgar Owens and
Louis England of Moline, are
among the group of alleged
communists whose trial for se
dition opened in Chicago today.
Owens is said to be national
secretary of the party.
Chicago. May lOWTwenty
six members of the communist
labor puny pleaded not guilty
when arraigned before Judge
Oscar Rebel, today on charges
of conspiracy te overthrow the
government of the United
States. Clarence Darrow. at
torney for the defense, failed to
secure a continuance of the
Chicago, May 10. Twenty-six at
leged radicals, who are said to
have gathered here last September
to form the communist labor party;
were placed on trial in criminal
court this morning, charged with
conspiracy to advocate the over
throw the United States govern
ment and with criminal syndical
ism. They are numbered among the
165 communists, I. W. W. and com-munist-laborites
indicted last Jan
uary following the nation-wide
round-up of suspected radicals.
16 Still at Large,
Forty-two, including three wom
en, were indicted as organizers of
the communist labor party, but 16
have never been apprehended. Sev
eral are reported to have fled to
Mexico and Europe. One. John
Reed, Harvard graduate, magazine
writer, author and first bolsheviki
envoy to the United State, is now
in jail at Abo, Finland, according
to state department reports, accus
ed of smuggling from bolsheviki
The state contends Secretary of
Labor Wilson's ruling that mem
bership in the communist labor
party did not constitute grounds
for deportation will have no effect
on the trial, as the defendants are
American citizens charged with
Lloyd in Limelight.
The outstanding figure of the
group which faced Judge Oscar
Hebel in criminal court today was
William Bross Lloyd, millionaire-sergeant-at-arms
of the communist
Lloyd is a close friend of Wil
liam D. "Big Bill" Haywood, for
mer secretary-general of the 1. W.
W., and now head of the I. W. W.
national defense committee. Hay
wood is under sentence of 20 years
in Leavenworth penitentiary, but
is at liberty under bond furnished
by Lloyd pending an appeal, which
will be heard next Monday in fed
eral court heVe.
Lloyd also furnished $10,000 bond
for Haywood when the I. W. W.
leader was arrested in the January
round-up and indicted by the state.
Hanson State Witness.
Among the state witnesses will
be Ole Hanson, former mayor of
Seattle and a member of the "cen
tral executive commiitee" which
attempted to rule Winnipeg, Can
ada, during the general strike last
LIFE TERM IS
Los Angeles, May 10. "Blue
beard" Charles N. Harvey, today
was sentenced to life imprisonment
for the murder of Nina Lee Deloney,
one of his 26 wives.
At Pittsburgh R. H. E.
Phild'lphia It, 0 00 0 .. . 0 0 0
PiUsburgh .120000 ... 0 0 0
At Boston ,
!Phil'dTphia OflOODOO . . 0 0 0
, Boston .... 2 0 0 f srw'o . . 0 0 0
I At Cleveland ..." .
, : An A A
i Cleveland AJa
AS MENACE IS
Lays Down Arms and Tnrns Over
Army to Rebel Leader in Chihua
hua, Is Report from Juarez.
Juarez. Chihuahua. Mexico. May
10. Francisco Villa's days of
banditry and constant menace to
all attempts to a stable government
in Mexico and the relations be
tween this republic and the United
States, were ended, according to
reports reaching here.
Lays Down Arms.
Leaders of the new revolution
displayed visible relief at the an
nouncement that Villa had laid
down his arms and turned his men
over to General Ignacio Enriqnez
revolutionary commander of the
The announcement that Villa
had laid down his arms and Raid
ed his followers into the ranks of
the revolutionists came from Gen
eral J. G. Escobar, commander of
Juarez. Villa also notified the Mex
ican Central Railway, Escobar,
that guards of soldiers no longer
would be necessary on trains.
Thorn for Carranza.
Viiia was one of President Car
ranza's first supporters and later
one of his most troublesome ene
mies. He also personally was re
sponsible for American troops
crossing the border, his most seri
ous offense against the United
States probably being the famous
raid on Columbus, New Mexico,
March 9, 1916.- when 17 persons
were killed and Several buildings
New York, May 10. Declaring
for the "dictatorship of the prole
tariat" and a "workingmen's coun
cil in the government,' the Illinois
delegation to the Socialist national
convention today announced it in
tended to fight to make the 19:10
platform "genuinely radical" and
representative of "real Socialism."
Led by J. Louis Engdahl of Chi
cago, the Illinois delegates declar
ed "too conservative" the Socialist
platform outlined yesterday at a
mass meeting in Madison Square
"The platform showed no change
so far this year over that of the
past, and sounds like a reformed
program of one of the old parties."
Engdahl said before going into the
convention today. "The Illinois
delegates want to see the Socialist
party adopt a real Socialistic plat
form and make its fight this year
on real radical principles."
The party convention reconvened
today to begin a week's activities
that will include adoption of a par
ty platform, nomination of candi
dates for president and vice presi
dent of the Lnitde States and
"modifiication" of the party con
stitution. Washington. May 10. Repub
lican members of the house
ways and means committee defi
nitely decided today to aban.
don the proposed one per cent
retail sales tax for raising part
of the money for the proposed
soldier ro.ief legislation.
Paris May 10.-Seven tier
nan leppelins have been seen
going east over Warsaw, ac
cording to newspaper reports
from the Polish capital, and it
is believed they are going to
Russia from Germany with
London, May 10. An amend
ment lo the government's Irish
home rule bill offered by for
mer Premier Asqufth, providing
one parliament instead of two,
for Ireland, was defeated in the
honse of commons this evening
after a short debate, by a- vole
of 29 to m. ,
Los Angeles CaL. May 10.
James P. Watson, who has con
fessed the order of seven
women, was today sentenced to
life imprisonment at Saa Qnen
tin prison by Judge Frank R.
Willis of the Let Aageles conn. ,
ty sewrior eon it. The sen
tense followed Watson's plea
f gefty te the murder of
Jiiaa Lee Deloney, catered but
MEXICO CITY CONFIRMS
PRESIDENT'S ARREST BY
INSURGENTS AT APIZACO
Fleeing Ruler Is Reported Caught 85 Miles From
Capital Personal Safety Guaranteed Obre
gon to Enter City Today, Is Report.
BT RALPH H. Tl'RSER.
( United Press Staff Correspondent)
Mexico City, May 8. (9 p. m.) President Car
ranza has been captured, according to a confirmed
report here tonight.
The president was overtaken at Apizaco in the
state of Tlaxcala, after he had fled from the capital.
His personal safety was guaranteed.
General Alvaro Obregon, heading his troops, was ,j
to enter the capital tomorrow. I
An unconfirmed report said General Juan Barra- ;
gan, Carranza's chief of staff, General Murguia, com
mander of the garrison of Mexico City, and General
Urquizo were captured enroute to Vera Cruz and ;
executed. The same report said Candido Aguilar,
foreign minister, and General Dieguez were killed in i
battle with the revolutionaries. ..
Apizaco (Barron-Escanlion) is 85 miles by rail
from Mexico City at the junction of the rail lines from
Mexico City and Puebla. Reports to the state depart
ment at Washington from the United States embassy I
at Mexico City said Carranza was fleeing to Vera ;
Cruz. He was apparently overtaken by the rebels. v j
Communication with Mexico City was internist1;
during the revolution. This was the first dispatch re- j
ceived from the United Press correspondent in almost j
a week. j
Agua 1'rieia, Sonora, May 10.
President Carranza has been
located by revolutionists near
Vera Cruz, according to an un
confirmed report received at
rebel headquarters here today.
He was accompanied by Gen.
eral Aguilar, his son-in-law,
and less than one hundred men,
the report said.
EI Paso, Texas, May 10.
"Mexican revolutionists over
took and dispersed the troops
escorting President Carranza
in his flight from Mexico City,
causing them serious losses,"
according to a message from
General A hero Obregon to
Governor De Lalluerji, su
preme commander of the lib
eral constitutionalist army,
made public here today.
General Obrcgan detailed the
capiure of Mexico City, confirm
ed the report of a wholesale
execution of military prisoners
at Mexico City by General
Francisco Murgui before the
Carranza leader tied the capi
ta!, and (old of further states
to join the revolution and of the
capture of Puebla City, one of
the largest in Mexico. Among
the victims was General
Mexican revolutionary head
quarters here, in taking Gen
eral Obrecon's message, said It
lent credence to the report of
Carranza's capiure as Obregon
said the Mexican's ronte to the
port of Vera Cruz had been
cat by rebel forces
'' Will hnd Stormy Career.
(by I'm ted Prens.)
Washington, May 10. Ttfe cap
ture of V. Carranza, president of
Mexico, at Apizaco, while not con
firmed here, probably will bring to
an end the career of a man who has
played a leading role in the south
ern republic for many years.
Carranza was a wealthy ranch
man and land owner in the state of
Coahuila under the regime of the
late Porfirio Diaz. He served for
many years as governor of his
When Diaz was overthrown, Car
ranza assumed leadership and
emerged into power after the
stormy days of Madero and Huerta.
His leadership was made possible,
according to general opinion, by
the backing of the United States.
After two years as ruler of Mex
ico he called an election and was
named president to serve four
Rebels Get Busy.
Almost immediately he found
inder Villa. Felix Dia.t and other
loaders robbed and ptunaerea in
open deflnance of the government.
In the south similar conditions pre
vailed. Continued clashes with the
United States served to weaken the
president's position, as did the fail -
ure of Great Britain and France to
1 grant him. recognition.
Just as the situation looked I
brightest for Carranza. troubla i
began brewing in the presidential -j
campaign. General Alvaro Obre- i
gon and General Gonzales an
nounced their candidacies last sum
mer and began strong campaigns.
Carranza accepted the resigna
tion of Ignacio Bonillas, his Amer
ican ambassador in Washington, '
and Bonillas returned to Mexico
to run for the presidency.
The Obregon-Gonzales force
charge the president with unfair-
ness, declaring he was making a
joke of state elections and throw- -ing
undue influence to Bonillas. Th
situation reached a climax when
Carranza announced he would send.
federal troops into Sonora to pre- 1
vent election troubles there. Tha '
governor, De La Huerto, t.elegTaph-. i
ing the president, announced thai j
Sonora government would consider :
this step an infringement of the J
state's rights. 1
Carranza replied with a sharp
message saying any opposition.
would be considered rebellion.
Sonora then anon need its independ
ence and mobilized troops under
General P. Elias Calles. '
Meanwhile, General Obregon. a
popular leader, had been placed;
under arrest in Mexico City.
Obregon, with General Benjaroin,
Hill, ..ed the capital. He was fol-
lowed by General Gonzales and the
two came out in open opposition to
Pace Chantre of Policy. i
t By Dn'.ted Prrw.i
Washington, May 10. The state !
department today was confronted;
with the framing of a new Mexican,
policy following overthrow and ;
capture of Carranza and seizure of
Mexico City by revolutionists. (-
Secretary. Colby was expected
firsi. to take steps to protect Amer
ican interests in Mexico.
It is considered likely that Pres
ident Wilson may call a cabinet
meeting this week ro consider what
course the United States shall take.
This government, for the present,
will not accord recognition to any
Mexican faction whicb may attempt
to take charge of the federal gov
erment. it is understood.
The next development may be I
a clash between the forces of Obre-
gon and Gonzales, both rebel lead- J
ers and both aspirants tor the J
Mexican presidency. '
Tampico Held Safe.
While official dispatches reports
that the important oil center C
Tampico has fallen to the rtlj
reports here of the American Otl
company in Mexico declared tet
had received no disturbing reporu.
from Tampico. .
Four United States destroyer
were expected to arrive today at.
Tampico, to protect American -
teres u The destroyers were or
dered from Key West early yester
day. Tbey are the Isherwood, Put-
I nam. Dale and Case.
ers Fluser and Reid are being held
si ney ei reau ir uu.
United States marines, ordered to
Key West Saturday tor possible
Mexican duty, were expected to sail
late today from League island, It
I was learned at the navy depart-
! ment- On the Texas border new.'
alignments of the United States rea.
uiar army torcea are being made j
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