Newspaper Page Text
THE ROOK ISLiAND' -ARGUS;
f. ' at 14 AND DAILY UNION. MONDAY MAY 17, 1920 SIXTEEN PAGES. SgTY-NINTH YEAR. NO. 179. ASSOCIATED PUSS LEASED WIBJC . UNITED PRESS LEASED WISE. . PRICE FIVE CENTS. 1ft 1MMS raw Sudden Death Calls James F. Lardnei ILL3H0URS, DIES AT ONE P.M. SUNDAY Without Warning, Heart Disease Proves Fatal to Prominent Man. James F. Lardner, 58 years of lie, secretary and general man ner of tbe Rock Island Plow com pany, former general manager of lit Tri-City Railway company, md one of the leaders and ipbuilders in large trans portation and commercial' en terprises of tbe community, died mddenly at his nonie, iZi 'twen tieth street, at 12:25 o'clock yester- diy sfternoon of heart disease. Fu neral services win ba held in Chi cago Tuesday. His demise, occurring after only I lew brief hours of illness which vts not considered serious until almost the moment of death, was unheralded by any previous signs of Indisposition. He had appeared Is the best of health and had gone regularly to his office during the preceding week. His collapse from angina pectoris shortly after noon of yesterday came as a shock to family, associates and friends, and ai a loss to the community at large. Mr. Lardner complained of pain In bis shoulder shortly after aris ing on Sunday morning. At 9:30 o'clock he was Btricken with a slight attack of the heart and Dr. G. L. Eyster was summoned. The condition of the patient throughout the morning, although serious, was not considered critical, but at 12:20 o'clock a second attack oc curred and Mr. Lardner became un conscious. Five minutes later he pused away. fame In 908. A resident of Rock Island since M7, and before that of Davenport lace the early 90's, Mr. Lardner had done remarkable work in his connection with the two organiza tions with which he was so closely allied. Coming to Davenport when the railway company of the tri dtles was in its early days, he was large factor in its expansion and development to one of the best properties of its kind in the coun try. Rapid transit in fact super ceded the horse car under his direc tion. When the lines were taken over oy local interests, and became the Property of the Tri-City Railway company, it was his managership which contributed to their renewed actiTity and development. His abil ity to meet the public on cordial and equitable terms not only won kin success in this connection but Procured for him the esteem and fot of the people. His ability was also shown in the Upbuilding of tbe Rock Island Plow wmpany, with which he had been Modal ed for 12 rears past until 1 time of his death. Faith In Future. He was acknowledged a worker, M executive and a man of vision. HI' faith in the future of the com ity, and in the enterprises with 'inch he had to do was supreme. chief devotion, aside from the Pfrtonal nririo nnH intttract ha innV home and familv, was to his i v" ""u lie gave ol mmseii i- meafiure. It was this ap l Implication and spirit of enterprise to '"'Ch is attributable his great suc " m the business world. was his close application to m,aMS activ';ies which kept him " more than occasional partioi--ion in affairs of a social nature. . n enthusiastic golfer, and u,k8pnt some hours on the links J e Rock Island arsenal Satur- Re had no fraternal or other tt affiliations, but was a member "' active worker of St. Joseph's olic church. At College of Jesuits. nes r. Lardner was bom In' Feb. 22, 1S62, the son of i Lee Lard-! He spent both his earlv and "r years with the Jesuit priests - OL lnoti college, Kifi.. j ng col'Ke he became as- Tr1 W1U the Central Union "pnone company. In the early ne came to ninirt withleinia r kney Loiiderhark in Wnm. : !ry and treasurer of the rail-! J"ry and treasurer of the rall liyPMiy, then the Davenport Ijj, Island Railway company. In jj? " was advanced to general rner. For tha nst 12 ver had been secretary and gen-! manager of the Rock Island Mnniii. : .1.!- E t the time of his death. (V united in marriage in to Nora Gilmore. who sur niiim wlth gU cnU(jren Tney J Mrs. Paul r. Preston of Rock Mrs. Benedict Joseph of Memphis. Tenn.: Miss TrirZ nd MiB Dorothy and Wni" i,rancl Lardner, Jr., at Giimora Ijirrtnpr at Cnf. (Coitinued on Pace Fourteen.) Joan of Arc Exalted to Sainthood by Catholics With High Pomp at Rome SUMMONS COME TO OFFICIAL OF PLOW COMPANY JAMES F. LAKDJiER, Manager of Rock Island Plow company. PEACE BILL IS READY TO RIDE IN CONFERENCE Knox Resolution, Passed 43-38 by Senate Saturday, Returns to House Where it Originated. Washington, May 17. The Re publican peace resolution, adopted Saturday by the senate, but in dif ferent form, went back today to the house, where it originatd. Chair man Porter of the foreign affairs committee was prepared to ask that it be sent to conference, and there was no indication of opposition. Republican leaders said the differ ences would be ironed out so that it might go to the president this week. Democrats and Republicans agreed that the president would veto it, the former asserting that It would die then through failure to obtain a two-thirds vote for repas sage. Senate Passes, 43-3S. The Republican resolution, draft ed by Senator Knox, Pennsylvania, declaring the state of war with Germany and Austria at an end, was adopted according to schedule Saturday by the senate by a vote of 43 to 38. The Knox resolution by an identical vote had been substi tuted earlier in the day for the resolution recently adopted by the house, which dealt with Germany alone.' CONGRESS NOT ACTING ON ITS OWN JUDGMENT Vice President Marshall Draws Moral From Ac tion On Prohibition. BY PATID LAWRENCE. (Special to The Argns.) Washington, May 17. Vice Presi dent Thomas , R. Marshall has pre sided over the senate of the United States for seven years and can therefore be expected to Know whereof ne speans wnen uo mat it proniDiuou uau uecu ad mitted to a secret vote, it would not have gotten 20 votes in the senate. The writer asked the vice presi dent to amplify his statement which was originally made before tne ir- Bar association. "I want it to be understood at the outset," said the vice president, "that I believe m tne eniorcemeui of the constitutional amendment on prohibition. It is here and is the law and should be enforced. But I believe that if the amendment had been voted uoon according to the Individual convictions of members of the senate It would not have got ten 20 votes. "Now 1 am not imputing motives to anybody. 1 have never seen any representative of the brewers or the Anti-Saloon league around con gress and wouldn't know them if they were there. I believe that the men who voted for prohibition and for woman suffrage, for Instance, . A' (Continued on Pago Fifteen.) Rome, May 17. (By the Asso rted Press.) Joan ol Arc, the shepherd lass, who in 1429 was called from the peaceful fields of Domremy to lead the armies of France to victory against the Eng lish and Burgundians, yesterday wag exalted to sainthood. Thirty thousand persons witnessed the rite in honor to the meek girl, whose leadership founded modern France and whose life inspired the allied world during the great war just closed. Impressive ceremony marked the addition of her her name to the roll of the saints. After Pope Ben edict had been enthroned in St. Peter's, dignitaries of the church advanced and voiced the claim that the pontiff should inscribe the; name or Joan ol Arc m tne sacred lt is also understood that it was list. Monsignor GUi replied for decided Germany would be per the pope, saying he must first in-jmitted t0 issue DOnds C0Vering her voke Divine blesiing on the event Then chaplains intoned the litany, of the saints. Pope Benedict listened to a sec ond third request from officials of the canonization, Monsignor Galli answering that, as the pope was convinced "this thing was pleasing to God, he had decided to pro nounce the sentence of canoniza-. tion." Sainthood Is Declared. Then Pope Benedict announced to the Catholic world the solemn fact of the addition to the body of the saints of Joan of Arc, ordered in the name of the Holy Trinity that her memory be held in pious devotion by the church, and called upon Burrounding ecclesiastics to witness the fact. He at once 'di rected the consistorial advocates to draw up the deed of announcement, and left the" throne, intoning a"-"Te Deum." The bells of St. Peter's announced the happy event, and the bells of all the churches of Rome answered. The rite was concluded by cele bration of mass by the pope, who concluded his part of the cere monies with an oration on the life of the new saint, and as he spoke a picture of Joan of Arc, placed behind the high altar, was un veiled. Descendants Are Moved. The impressive procession was then reformed and slowly returned to the Vatican, passing through rev- erant, weeping throngs wnicn again received the apolost'c bene diction. Great emotion was shown by members of the family of Joan of Arc, who had places in a tribune with members of the French sen ate and chamber of deputies, mu nicipal councillors and other French pilgrims who came to Rome for the canonization. Seldom has Rome seen a more brilliant spectacle than that wit nessed in St Peter's today. Priests and monks in black, brown and white robes headed the procession, i followed by ecclesiastics intoning special prayers and hymns posed for the occasion. Scenes From Her Life Then came richly colored ban ners showing scenes from the life of Joan of Arc. Following close behind were lay and religious members of the pontifical court and the Sistine choir, singing "Ave Maria Stella." Then came chap- lains, who carried the papal mitre and triple crown on crimson cush- ions, wnicn preceaea me papal cross by only a short distance. Archbishops and patriarchs wearing their mitres, jeweled crosses and rich brocades, were at tended by knights of religious or ders.. Then came cardinals, the figure of Cardinal O'Connell of Boston, mass, towering above the others. All these led up to the appear ance of the pontiff, who with his upraised hand bestowed the apos tolic blessing on the multitude. Among those seen in the proces sion were Archbishop Edward J. Hanna of San Francisco, several American bishops, priests and all the students of the American Col lege in Rome. SUPREME COURT RULINGS TODAY Washington. May 17r Rear, gument of the government's dissolution salt against the Le high Railroad company and Its subsidiaries was ordered today by the supreme court. Washington, May 17. The w York stale workmen's compensation act Insofar as it relates to admiralty questions was held unconstitutional to day by the supreme court. Washington. May 1". Con viction of Daniel O'Connell, lawyer, and five other residents of Saa Francisco for violating the selective service and es pionage nets, was upheld today by the supreme eout , 30 BILLIONS REPARATION ALLIES ASK Indemnity as Agreed at Hythe Parley Demands 120,000,000,000 Marks Paris, May 17. It is understood in official circles here (hat the Anglo-French conference at Hythe, which closed yesterday, decided that the sum total which Germany should pay as reparation would be nxea at izu.uw.uuu.uuu marKs goiu ; (approximately $30,000,000,000) indebtedness to the allies, payable in annual installments. Enables France to Repay. Such action, it is pointed out, would enable France to discount a part of her claim on Germany and permit her to settle her debts to the United States and the allies. These decisions, together with tne action taken postponing the Spa conference with the Germans ; can finance. Its London branch to June 21, comprise the definite floated the 5 per cent loan, with conclusions reached by the French other European bankers, which en and British premiers and their ad-1 abled the United Slates government visors, according to the under- to resume specie payment in 1871, standing here. All the other details ; saving $70,0u0,000 in interest. This of the arrangement remaJn to be; settled by the financial delegates, who are still working upon them. Xext Parley at Ostend. A special conference of the allies will be held at Ostend later to con sider financial questions among the allies, it is stated. This meeting !;,1i.J""d.!"t. .f.e LesV?ue of Nations conference at Brussels. The decisions thus reported have been favorably received in French circles though the sum to be paid as reparation is much lower than the figures France desired. HUNDREDS TAKE PART IN IRISH PARTY CLASHES Londonderry, Ireland, May 17. Rioting last night between Nation alist and Unionist mobs was even fiercer than Saturday's fighting. Groups of men and women fol lowed an exchange of party cries with stone and bottle throwing. More than 100 revolver shots fol lowed. A former soldier named Doherty was killed and three others were wounded. When the hostili- ueB oroe out tne ponce in tne uis- turbed area were withdrawn and for a few hours mob law was supreme, t Doherty was passing along Or chard street with a friend when a shot rang out He ran some dis tance imd then fell, fatally wounded. Armed and masked men who held Carlisle bridge as a sort of "no man s land" Saturday night, took possession again Sunday night and there was indiscriminate revolver shooting. REDS STRIKING BACK AT POLES London, May ' 17. Russian bol shelki forces are striking back at the Polish and Ukranian troops which captured Kiev about ten days ago, said an official statement re ceived yesterday from Moscow by wireless. The statement said sov iet troops have started an advance and were engaged about ten miles northeast of Kiev. "In the Borisov region fighting of a local nature occurred, the statement continued. "Our airmen again engaged successfully with Polish airmen and downed a Polish airplane. The aviator was taken prisoner." The Weather Fair tonight and Tuesday; warm er Tuesday. Highest yesterday, 58; lowest last night, 49. Precipitation last 24 hours, .35 inch. 12 m. 7 p.m. 7 a.m. o yester. yester. toaay Dry bulb temp.. ..58 53 53 Wet bulb temp... 48 . 50 53 Rel. humidity ...55 S4 99 River Forecast. A falling tendency in the Missis sippi will continue from below Du buque to Muscatine until heavy rains occur. J. 1L SHER1ER, Meteorologist. Levi P. Morton, Noted Financier, Politician, Dies on 96th Birthday Poughkeepsie, X. Y., May 17. : Levi P. Morton, former vice presi dent of the United States, died at his home at Reinbeck, N. Y., yes terday, on his 96th birthday. Levi Parsons Morton was the 22nd vice president of the United States, the running mate of Benja min Harrison in 18S8. At 71 years of age he rounded out his political life as governor of New York state. Although born the son of a cler gyman in poor circumstances at Shoreham, Vt., May 16. 1824, be forced his way' to the front in the business and financial world until he became one of the money pow ers of the country. He had the blood of a financier in his veins descendant as he was of George .Jorton of York. England, who rais e(1 funds sen(1 the ,iIerims tQ America on the Mayflower. Began Oerkintr at 14. Clerk in a country store at 14, proprietor of his own little dry goods store at 21, he started his banking career at 28 as a partner of Junius S. Morgon, father of the late J. Pierpont Morgan; and 10 years later founded his own house of L. P. Morton & Co.. which be came the fiscal agent of the gov ernment. Under its guidance it conducted s.me of the largest ne coiiations in the history of Ameri- payment had been suspended dur- ing and after the Civil war. Morton's ; financial operations brought him into political prom inence. He entered congress in 187S and established -a reputation in the fight over unlimited free coinage, nf silver. He was urged to dent with -President Garfield, but declined. He was offered a port folio in the cabinet as secretary of the navy, and refused again. Becomes Envoy to France. The offer to become minister to France appealed to him. He ac cepted and remained during Gar field's and Arthur's administra tions. He secured the legal status of American corporations in France. He drove the first nail in the construction of the Statue of Liberty, and publicly accepted it in 1864 in behalf of the United States. ' He established himself so firmly in the hearts of the French people that the square in which his lega tion stood in Paris was named "Place des Etats Unis.' When a New York man was de sired in 1888 to stand on the Re publican national ticket with Ben jamin Harrison, Mr. Morton was the choice of the convention by a large majority. As presiding offi cer in the senate, he gained the praise of both parties for the vigor and the fairness of his policy. Mr. Morton concluded his political ca reer as governor of his state, tak ing office in 1895 and serving two years. He signed the bill which abolished the ward-trustee system of school government in New York city, and the so-called Raines liquor law. A Mnlti-Millionaire. After leaving office in his vigor ous old age he still was active in the directorates of many corpora tions. He was rated a millionaire many times over. Mr. Morton was twice married. His first wife was Lucy Kimball, who died in 1S71. . His second was Anna Livingston, member of an old Manhattan family. FRENCH FORCES OF OCCUPATION LEAVE GERMANY Mayenee, May 17. (By the Asso ciated Press.) The French troops 1 which have been in occupation of rFankfort, Darmstadt and other cities on the east bank of the Rhine, evacuated those cities this morning, it is announced here. The Germans were informed of the departure of the occupying forces through a laconic proclama tion issued by' General Degoutte, posted in the various cities, which read, "The French keep their word." The evacuation proceeded in an orderly way and amid entire quiet. Berlin, May 17. (By the Asso ciated Press.) The French and Belgian troops, which have been occupying Frankfort and Hanau, evacuated those cities this morn ing. No untoward incident has been reported. EX-G0TER30R DIES. Winnipeg, May 17. Former Gov ernor Robert P. Glenn of North Carolina, member of the interna tional waterways commission and noted "dry'' advocate, died sudden ly here yesterday. PRUSSIAN PLAN FOR NAVY GETS DANIELS' FIRE Sponsors Including Sims Would .Wake Civilian Secretary Rubber Stamp, lie Tells Senate. Washington, May 17. Secretary Daniels today let go a verbal broadside against the advocates of a general staff for the navy, de claring that they sought to "Prus- siansize" the navy department and make the civilian secretary a "rub ber stamp." He told the senate committee investigating the navy's conduct of the war that "one of Rear Admiral Sims' chief objects in writing his letter of Jan. 7, and investigation bringing about this was to curtail the power of the eerrptarv and rpmovp the naw so secretary ana remove me navy, su far as possible, from civilian con- trol." -"Running like a thread through most of the evidence that has been given before the committee has been an advocacy of the general staff for the conduct of the Amer ican navy and elimination of civil ian control," said Mr. Daniels. "Some of the officers have frankly avowed their advocacy of Prussian izing the navy." Tipped by Ton Meyer. About the only piece of advice former Secretary . .George von L: Meyer gave him whefr he succeed ed him, Mr. Daniels asserted, was the admonition that there- were of ficers in the navy who wished less power for the civilian secretary and more for themselves. "Power lies here," Mr. Daniels said Meyer told him as he pointed to the secretary's desk," and it should remain here." He did not fully understand f what his predecessor meant until a few months after when "Admiral Fiske and other disciples of the Yon Tirpitz system of naval con trol, sought to organize the Amer ican navy on the Prussian plan," Secretary Daniels said. 12 "TRUSTIES" ON HONOR FARM ESCAPE JOLIET Joliet, III., May 17. Prison au thorities today planned to guard the prison honor farm to prevent rep etition of the wholesale escape of convicts here Saturday and Sunday night. Twelve men, all from the same bunkhouse are at large. ' Only one has been located. He is Wil liam Jackson, killed on the third rail line near Wheaton. Three men left tbe honor farm Saturday night. Last night shortly after the check at 9 o'clock, nine more convicts from the same bunk hou;e left the farm. 'There are no guards at the prison farm. There was nothing spectacu lar in the escapes. The departure of the convicts had not been dis covered until the 11 o'clock check was made. Among those escaped prisoners is Archie Wilson, a murderer, sen tenced to a life term from Cook county in 1914. Fearing that a stampede may re sult at the honor farm, authorities are today planning a temporary guard system to replace the honor system in effect at the farm. NO DRY RULING. IN HIGH COURT Washington, May 17. The supreme court failed strain to. day to decide the validity of the prohibition amendment and tbe enforcement act, and recessed until June 1. With the court's failure to act in the prohibition cases taday, only two more decision days remain be fore' the adjournment June 7 for the term. While the court has given no indications when it will act. a decision before adjournment generally is expected. XEW FOREST FIRES. Duluth. Minn.. May 17. Forest fires are again menacing the coun try to the north and northwest ot Duluth, despite rains last night and early today. The fires have been burning tor week. , SPLIT OVER NEW POLICY FOR MEXICO Gonzales Blocks Agua Prieta Plan, but Agree- ment Is Amicable. Washington, May 17. Gen eral Pablo Gonzales has refused to recognize "the plan of Apia Prieta under wl.lch the enure larranza regime would be re. pudlated, according to the Mex ico City newspaper reports re ceived today by the state de partment. General Uonzales agreed, however, to permit Gov ernor De LaHuerta of Sonora, to convene the Mexican con gress or the permanent commis sion of congress in extra ses sion to name a provisional pres ident Steps have been taken at Mexico luy to curry out the agreement. l"he agreement was reached at a conference of Generals Gonzales and Obregon and other generals in Mexico City on May 12, and under it Governor De LaHuerta assumes command of the "Liberal Constitu tional army" under General Obre- gon and the "Liberal Revolutionary arQ?y" under General Gonzales ueuerai vjuuittica uujwuuub iu the plan of Agua Prieta" were re- Luc VMU ul "6 ri j h an(i ,1.. farm ?".L . .i ... .. .7, government agents here as little more than technical. Rebels Take Tampico. .Mexico City, Monday May 10. (Via El Paso Junction, May 17, by the Associated Press.) Tenipiro was captured without bloodshed Sunday noon accord ing to an announcement made at headquarters of General Al varo Obregon, candidate for the presidency of Mexico, early today. Lieutenant Colonel Lucas Gon zales occupied the town without resistance. General Carlos Orozco was re ported to have escaped aboard the steamer Jalisco. Other reports said that Orozco went aboard a small merchant vessel, tried to force the captain to sail to Havana, was dis armed and returned to Tampico. Surrender Reported. Vera Cruz reports said Orozco was disarmed by the crew of the Jalisco and surrendered to General Guadalupe Sanchez, commander of the revolutionary forces at Vera Cthz. ' Dispa'cnes received from ruetua today said that General Rafael Ro jas has assumed the governorship of that state. From Huerta, state of Mexico, the report came today mat general ; be considered necessary. C onsid Luis Dominguez, in command of jeration must be given to the great military operations on the Is'.hmus er regularity of employment in of Tehuantepec, had surrendered. railroad service. Uie greater sta- a leiegram irom aoouo ue ia- Huerta, supreme chief of the revo lutionary forces, to (Jeneral Obre gon reported that 35,000 men in Sonora, Chihuahua and Sinaola had joined the movement. General Pablo Gonzales and Gen- eral Obreeon. former rivals for the presidency, are expected to confer shortly upon the acceptance of the Agua Prieta plan Military forces in Torreon have recognized the Agua Prieta plan,! according to General Ces&reo Cas tro. Carranza'g Son I-scapes. Very Cruz, May 17. (By the As sociated Press.) General Candido Aguilar, governor of the state of Vera Cruz, and son-in-law of Pres ident Carranza, virtually a prisoner of revolutioLary forces near Orizaba for the past week, escaped last night. It is believed he is try ing to join Carranza. who fled into the mountains Friday, and who, as tar as known, has not as yet been located. General Aguilar has with him about three hundred follow ers. LATE BULLETINS Washington, May 17. The senate today adopted the Mc Connick resolution calling on the federal reserve board tor information ax to its plans for deflation of the currency and consequent redaction of high ' Jiriees and also for its plans or credit mobilization to cover crop movements this year. Washington. May 1' The section of the legislative, ex ecutive and judicial bill aivlnff the joint congressional printing committee supervision over government publications, which caused the president to veto the measure, was stricken out to day by the house appropria tions committee. Washington, May 17,-By an everwkebalBf vote, the house today refused te adopt the een fereuee revert on the diplo matic bill because ef a tarisla. tlve rider making permanent the wartime passport control regulations. WILLING TO YIELD PART IN DEMAND Agree Pay Has Not Been Commensurate With In creasing High Costs. Chicago, May 17. Wage advances shomu ue gi anted to many rail road workers to enable tnein to nitel tne mgn cost ot living, the. Association ut Railway executives deaarea today in its opening state ment betore tne raiiroau labor board. IS. T. Whiter, chairman of the conference committee ot rail man agers, ot the executives' associa tion, told the board that some part ot uie wage demands being made by 2,uuG,Uuv railway employes prob aoly wouid be lounu jutsuntxi by tne rise iu living costs. Agreement ot tne railroads them selves tnat at least a part ot the men should have more money, is expected to go far tow.irds expedit ing settlement of the controversy wnicn culminated last nionui iu a series of strikes. Demands Mow Billion. The demands now before the board aggregate more than a $L (wu,uw,uuj a year, in addition to a buuon-dollax advance during the war and a $300,uoo,OUO aUvauce in. the two years prior to government . control, accoruing to Mr. Whiter. He presented Bgures to show that the railway payroll had increased from 39.5 per cent of the gross earnings ot the roads in 191a, to bZM per cent last year. "We appreciate tully," Mr. Whit er said, "that the increases re ceived by some employes in the last live years have not been com mensurate with the increases in the cost ot living. This fact must be given consideration by the., boaru in determining which of these employes are lairly entitled to increases. Further Appreciations. t "We appreciate also that there are oher employes who are receiv ing rates wmch cannot be consid ered at all low, in an absolute sense, yet which do not compare favorably in some localities with, wages paid similar occupations iu outside industries; and we further ! appreciate that the discrepancies I are sucfl that the railroads caiino: j under present conditions in such j localities hold these employes for , their very necessary work unless some increases are given. "We cannot, of course, hope to compete with outside rates, cent for cent per hour, nor should this biuty of railroad rates of wages. and to other attractive features of railroad employmenL" tost Peak Beached. ) The great increase in the cost1 of living, Mr. Whiter said, was an evident tact, ana wage adjustments imust take tnls factor into accounL Rut ha oaM tha t.a.. 1, in Ik. i of living had probably been reach-1 ed, and that the board must con-i aider the situation which would bej brought about wljen it declined. On j this subject be Said: "With the forces now at work toi bring about a reduction in the high 1 living cost, it is next to impossible to believe that the peak in the in crease has not been reached. A procedure that would fix railroad wages permanently on the basis of the present living cost could hard ly be defended. Unless some auto- Imatic principle is embodied in the i award that will readjust rates aa ! """8 costs go back or unless some- thing is incorporated that will pro vide lor a review of the award la ter, any wage rates that may now De fixed would be practically per manent rates. For Proportionate FalL "lt is not at all intended here t say that any wage rates that your board might award to meet the in creased cost of living should b taken away again as fast as, and' in the same percentage as. the cost of living comes down. But if as costs of living go down towards the pre-war basis, a proportionate decrease in basic wages were pro vided for, the employes would be better off. as compared with pre war conditions, in spite of such re- ' 'ductions." The new transportation act pro vides. Mr. Whiter said, that any substantial increase in wages must result in increased rates to the pub lic for railroad service. Tor every $100,000,000 added to the payroll about three pen rent must be added to freight rates, he said. Tbe car riers are now before the interstate commerce commission asking for an increase of 28 per cent, largely U provide for the billion-dollar payroll advance under government al control and operation. Adjourns Till Tomorrow. Following the reading of the ex ecutives' statement the wage board adjourned until tomorrow -. . 1 All members were present at the opening session.