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The Rock Island Argus and daily union. (Rock Island, Ill.) 1920-1923, May 17, 1920, Image 1

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THE ROOK ISLiAND' -ARGUS;
f. '
at
14
AND DAILY UNION.
MONDAY MAY 17, 1920 SIXTEEN PAGES.
SgTY-NINTH YEAR. NO. 179.
ASSOCIATED PUSS LEASED WIBJC
. UNITED PRESS LEASED WISE. .
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
1ft
1MMS
raw
Sudden Death Calls James F. Lardnei
ILL3H0URS,
DIES AT ONE
P.M. SUNDAY
Without Warning, Heart
Disease Proves Fatal to
Prominent Man.
James F. Lardner, 58 years of
lie, secretary and general man
ner of tbe Rock Island Plow com
pany, former general manager of
lit Tri-City Railway company,
md one of the leaders and
ipbuilders in large trans
portation and commercial' en
terprises of tbe community, died
mddenly at his nonie, iZi 'twen
tieth street, at 12:25 o'clock yester-
diy sfternoon of heart disease. Fu
neral services win ba held in Chi
cago Tuesday.
His demise, occurring after only
I lew brief hours of illness which
vts not considered serious until
almost the moment of death, was
unheralded by any previous signs
of Indisposition. He had appeared
Is the best of health and had gone
regularly to his office during the
preceding week. His collapse from
angina pectoris shortly after noon
of yesterday came as a shock to
family, associates and friends, and
ai a loss to the community at large.
Mr. Lardner complained of pain
In bis shoulder shortly after aris
ing on Sunday morning. At 9:30
o'clock he was Btricken with a
slight attack of the heart and Dr.
G. L. Eyster was summoned. The
condition of the patient throughout
the morning, although serious, was
not considered critical, but at
12:20 o'clock a second attack oc
curred and Mr. Lardner became un
conscious. Five minutes later he
pused away.
fame In 908.
A resident of Rock Island since
M7, and before that of Davenport
lace the early 90's, Mr. Lardner
had done remarkable work in his
connection with the two organiza
tions with which he was so closely
allied. Coming to Davenport when
the railway company of the tri
dtles was in its early days, he was
large factor in its expansion and
development to one of the best
properties of its kind in the coun
try. Rapid transit in fact super
ceded the horse car under his direc
tion. When the lines were taken over
oy local interests, and became the
Property of the Tri-City Railway
company, it was his managership
which contributed to their renewed
actiTity and development. His abil
ity to meet the public on cordial
and equitable terms not only won
kin success in this connection but
Procured for him the esteem and
fot of the people.
His ability was also shown in the
Upbuilding of tbe Rock Island Plow
wmpany, with which he had been
Modal ed for 12 rears past until
1 time of his death.
Faith In Future.
He was acknowledged a worker,
M executive and a man of vision.
HI' faith in the future of the com
ity, and in the enterprises with
'inch he had to do was supreme.
chief devotion, aside from the
Pfrtonal nririo nnH intttract ha innV
home and familv, was to his
i v" ""u lie gave ol mmseii
i- meafiure. It was this ap
l Implication and spirit of enterprise to
'"'Ch is attributable his great suc
" m the business world.
was his close application to
m,aMS activ';ies which kept him
" more than occasional partioi--ion
in affairs of a social nature.
. n enthusiastic golfer, and
u,k8pnt some hours on the links
J e Rock Island arsenal Satur-
Re had no fraternal or other
tt affiliations, but was a member
"' active worker of St. Joseph's
olic church.
At College of Jesuits.
nes r. Lardner was bom In'
Feb. 22, 1S62,
the son of i
Lee Lard-!
He spent both his earlv and
"r years with the Jesuit priests
- OL lnoti
college,
Kifi.. j ng col'Ke he became
as-
Tr1 W1U the Central
Union
"pnone
company.
In the early
ne came to ninirt withleinia
r kney Loiiderhark in Wnm. :
!ry and treasurer of the rail-!
J"ry and treasurer of the rall
liyPMiy, then the Davenport
Ijj, Island Railway company. In
jj? " was advanced to general
rner. For tha nst 12 ver
had
been secretary and gen-!
manager of the Rock Island
Mnniii. : .1.!-
E t the time of his death.
(V united in marriage in
to Nora Gilmore. who sur
niiim wlth gU cnU(jren Tney
J Mrs. Paul r. Preston of Rock
Mrs. Benedict Joseph
of Memphis. Tenn.: Miss
TrirZ nd MiB Dorothy and
Wni" i,rancl Lardner, Jr., at
Giimora Ijirrtnpr at Cnf.
(Coitinued on Pace Fourteen.)
Joan of Arc Exalted to
Sainthood by Catholics
With High Pomp at Rome
SUMMONS COME
TO OFFICIAL OF
PLOW COMPANY
JAMES F. LAKDJiER,
Manager of Rock Island Plow
company.
PEACE BILL IS
READY TO RIDE
IN CONFERENCE
Knox Resolution, Passed 43-38 by
Senate Saturday, Returns to
House Where it Originated.
Washington, May 17. The Re
publican peace resolution, adopted
Saturday by the senate, but in dif
ferent form, went back today to the
house, where it originatd. Chair
man Porter of the foreign affairs
committee was prepared to ask that
it be sent to conference, and there
was no indication of opposition.
Republican leaders said the differ
ences would be ironed out so that it
might go to the president this
week.
Democrats and Republicans
agreed that the president would
veto it, the former asserting that
It would die then through failure to
obtain a two-thirds vote for repas
sage. Senate Passes, 43-3S.
The Republican resolution, draft
ed by Senator Knox, Pennsylvania,
declaring the state of war with
Germany and Austria at an end,
was adopted according to schedule
Saturday by the senate by a vote of
43 to 38. The Knox resolution by
an identical vote had been substi
tuted earlier in the day for the
resolution recently adopted by the
house, which dealt with Germany
alone.'
CONGRESS NOT
ACTING ON ITS
OWN JUDGMENT
Vice President Marshall
Draws Moral From Ac
tion On Prohibition.
BY PATID LAWRENCE.
(Special to The Argns.)
Washington, May 17. Vice Presi
dent Thomas , R. Marshall has pre
sided over the senate of the United
States for seven years and can
therefore be expected to Know
whereof ne speans wnen uo
mat it proniDiuou uau uecu ad
mitted to a secret vote, it would not
have gotten 20 votes in the senate.
The writer asked the vice presi
dent to amplify his statement which
was originally made before tne ir-
Bar association.
"I want it to be understood at
the outset," said the vice president,
"that I believe m tne eniorcemeui
of the constitutional amendment on
prohibition. It is here and is the
law and should be enforced. But
I believe that if the amendment had
been voted uoon according to the
Individual convictions of members
of the senate It would not have got
ten 20 votes.
"Now 1 am not imputing motives
to anybody. 1 have never seen any
representative of the brewers or the
Anti-Saloon league around con
gress and wouldn't know them if
they were there. I believe that the
men who voted for prohibition and
for woman suffrage, for Instance,
. A'
(Continued on Pago Fifteen.)
Rome, May 17. (By the Asso
rted Press.) Joan ol Arc, the
shepherd lass, who in 1429 was
called from the peaceful fields of
Domremy to lead the armies of
France to victory against the Eng
lish and Burgundians, yesterday
wag exalted to sainthood. Thirty
thousand persons witnessed the
rite in honor to the meek girl,
whose leadership founded modern
France and whose life inspired the
allied world during the great war
just closed.
Impressive ceremony marked the
addition of her her name to the
roll of the saints. After Pope Ben
edict had been enthroned in St.
Peter's, dignitaries of the church
advanced and voiced the claim that
the pontiff should inscribe the;
name or Joan ol Arc m tne sacred lt is also understood that it was
list. Monsignor GUi replied for decided Germany would be per
the pope, saying he must first in-jmitted t0 issue DOnds C0Vering her
voke Divine blesiing on the event
Then chaplains intoned the litany,
of the saints.
Pope Benedict listened to a sec
ond third request from officials of
the canonization, Monsignor Galli
answering that, as the pope was
convinced "this thing was pleasing
to God, he had decided to pro
nounce the sentence of canoniza-.
tion."
Sainthood Is Declared.
Then Pope Benedict announced
to the Catholic world the solemn
fact of the addition to the body of
the saints of Joan of Arc, ordered
in the name of the Holy Trinity
that her memory be held in pious
devotion by the church, and called
upon Burrounding ecclesiastics to
witness the fact. He at once 'di
rected the consistorial advocates to
draw up the deed of announcement,
and left the" throne, intoning a"-"Te
Deum." The bells of St. Peter's
announced the happy event, and
the bells of all the churches of
Rome answered.
The rite was concluded by cele
bration of mass by the pope, who
concluded his part of the cere
monies with an oration on the life
of the new saint, and as he spoke
a picture of Joan of Arc, placed
behind the high altar, was un
veiled. Descendants Are Moved.
The impressive procession was
then reformed and slowly returned
to the Vatican, passing through rev-
erant, weeping throngs wnicn
again received the apolost'c bene
diction. Great emotion was shown
by members of the family of Joan
of Arc, who had places in a tribune
with members of the French sen
ate and chamber of deputies, mu
nicipal councillors and other
French pilgrims who came to
Rome for the canonization.
Seldom has Rome seen a more
brilliant spectacle than that wit
nessed in St Peter's today. Priests
and monks in black, brown and
white robes headed the procession, i
followed by ecclesiastics intoning
special prayers and hymns
posed for the occasion.
Scenes From Her Life
Then came richly colored ban
ners showing scenes from the life
of Joan of Arc. Following close
behind were lay and religious
members of the pontifical court
and the Sistine choir, singing "Ave
Maria Stella." Then came chap-
lains, who carried the papal mitre
and triple crown on crimson cush-
ions, wnicn preceaea me papal
cross by only a short distance.
Archbishops and patriarchs
wearing their mitres, jeweled
crosses and rich brocades, were at
tended by knights of religious or
ders.. Then came cardinals, the
figure of Cardinal O'Connell of
Boston, mass, towering above the
others.
All these led up to the appear
ance of the pontiff, who with his
upraised hand bestowed the apos
tolic blessing on the multitude.
Among those seen in the proces
sion were Archbishop Edward J.
Hanna of San Francisco, several
American bishops, priests and all
the students of the American Col
lege in Rome.
SUPREME COURT
RULINGS TODAY
Washington. May 17r Rear,
gument of the government's
dissolution salt against the Le
high Railroad company and Its
subsidiaries was ordered today
by the supreme court.
Washington, May 17. The
w York stale workmen's
compensation act Insofar as it
relates to admiralty questions
was held unconstitutional to
day by the supreme court.
Washington. May 1". Con
viction of Daniel O'Connell,
lawyer, and five other residents
of Saa Francisco for violating
the selective service and es
pionage nets, was upheld today
by the supreme eout ,
30 BILLIONS
REPARATION
ALLIES ASK
Indemnity as Agreed at
Hythe Parley Demands
120,000,000,000 Marks
Paris, May 17. It is understood
in official circles here (hat the
Anglo-French conference at Hythe,
which closed yesterday, decided
that the sum total which Germany
should pay as reparation would be
nxea at izu.uw.uuu.uuu marKs goiu ;
(approximately $30,000,000,000)
indebtedness to the allies, payable
in annual installments.
Enables France to Repay.
Such action, it is pointed out,
would enable France to discount a
part of her claim on Germany and
permit her to settle her debts to
the United States and the allies.
These decisions, together with
tne action taken postponing the
Spa conference with the Germans ; can finance. Its London branch
to June 21, comprise the definite floated the 5 per cent loan, with
conclusions reached by the French other European bankers, which en
and British premiers and their ad-1 abled the United Slates government
visors, according to the under- to resume specie payment in 1871,
standing here. All the other details ; saving $70,0u0,000 in interest. This
of the arrangement remaJn to be;
settled by the financial delegates,
who are still working upon them.
Xext Parley at Ostend.
A special conference of the allies
will be held at Ostend later to con
sider financial questions among the
allies, it is stated. This meeting
!;,1i.J""d.!"t. .f.e LesV?ue
of Nations conference at Brussels.
The decisions thus reported have
been favorably received in French
circles though the sum to be paid
as reparation is much lower than
the figures France desired.
HUNDREDS TAKE
PART IN IRISH
PARTY CLASHES
Londonderry, Ireland, May 17.
Rioting last night between Nation
alist and Unionist mobs was even
fiercer than Saturday's fighting.
Groups of men and women fol
lowed an exchange of party cries
with stone and bottle throwing.
More than 100 revolver shots fol
lowed. A former soldier named
Doherty was killed and three others
were wounded. When the hostili-
ueB oroe out tne ponce in tne uis-
turbed area were withdrawn and for
a few hours mob law was supreme, t
Doherty was passing along Or
chard street with a friend when a
shot rang out He ran some dis
tance imd then fell, fatally
wounded.
Armed and masked men who held
Carlisle bridge as a sort of "no
man s land" Saturday night, took
possession again Sunday night and
there was indiscriminate revolver
shooting.
REDS STRIKING
BACK AT POLES
London, May ' 17. Russian bol
shelki forces are striking back at
the Polish and Ukranian troops
which captured Kiev about ten days
ago, said an official statement re
ceived yesterday from Moscow by
wireless. The statement said sov
iet troops have started an advance
and were engaged about ten miles
northeast of Kiev.
"In the Borisov region fighting
of a local nature occurred, the
statement continued. "Our airmen
again engaged successfully with
Polish airmen and downed a Polish
airplane. The aviator was taken
prisoner."
The Weather
Fair tonight and Tuesday; warm
er Tuesday.
Highest yesterday, 58; lowest last
night, 49.
Precipitation last 24 hours, .35
inch.
12 m. 7 p.m. 7 a.m.
o yester. yester. toaay
Dry bulb temp.. ..58 53 53
Wet bulb temp... 48 . 50 53
Rel. humidity ...55 S4 99
River Forecast.
A falling tendency in the Missis
sippi will continue from below Du
buque to Muscatine until heavy
rains occur.
J. 1L SHER1ER, Meteorologist.
Levi P. Morton, Noted
Financier, Politician,
Dies on 96th Birthday
Poughkeepsie, X. Y., May 17. :
Levi P. Morton, former vice presi
dent of the United States, died at
his home at Reinbeck, N. Y., yes
terday, on his 96th birthday.
Levi Parsons Morton was the
22nd vice president of the United
States, the running mate of Benja
min Harrison in 18S8. At 71 years
of age he rounded out his political
life as governor of New York state.
Although born the son of a cler
gyman in poor circumstances at
Shoreham, Vt., May 16. 1824, be
forced his way' to the front in the
business and financial world until
he became one of the money pow
ers of the country. He had the
blood of a financier in his veins
descendant as he was of George
.Jorton of York. England, who rais
e(1 funds sen(1 the ,iIerims tQ
America on the Mayflower.
Began Oerkintr at 14.
Clerk in a country store at 14,
proprietor of his own little dry
goods store at 21, he started his
banking career at 28 as a partner
of Junius S. Morgon, father of the
late J. Pierpont Morgan; and 10
years later founded his own house
of L. P. Morton & Co.. which be
came the fiscal agent of the gov
ernment. Under its guidance it
conducted s.me of the largest ne
coiiations in the history of Ameri-
payment had been suspended dur-
ing and after the Civil war.
Morton's ; financial operations
brought him into political prom
inence. He entered congress in
187S and established -a reputation
in the fight over unlimited free
coinage, nf silver. He was urged to
dent with -President Garfield, but
declined. He was offered a port
folio in the cabinet as secretary of
the navy, and refused again.
Becomes Envoy to France.
The offer to become minister to
France appealed to him. He ac
cepted and remained during Gar
field's and Arthur's administra
tions. He secured the legal status
of American corporations in
France. He drove the first nail in
the construction of the Statue of
Liberty, and publicly accepted it in
1864 in behalf of the United States.
' He established himself so firmly in
the hearts of the French people
that the square in which his lega
tion stood in Paris was named
"Place des Etats Unis.'
When a New York man was de
sired in 1888 to stand on the Re
publican national ticket with Ben
jamin Harrison, Mr. Morton was
the choice of the convention by a
large majority. As presiding offi
cer in the senate, he gained the
praise of both parties for the vigor
and the fairness of his policy. Mr.
Morton concluded his political ca
reer as governor of his state, tak
ing office in 1895 and serving two
years. He signed the bill which
abolished the ward-trustee system
of school government in New York
city, and the so-called Raines liquor
law.
A Mnlti-Millionaire.
After leaving office in his vigor
ous old age he still was active in
the directorates of many corpora
tions. He was rated a millionaire
many times over.
Mr. Morton was twice married.
His first wife was Lucy Kimball,
who died in 1S71. . His second was
Anna Livingston, member of an old
Manhattan family.
FRENCH FORCES
OF OCCUPATION
LEAVE GERMANY
Mayenee, May 17. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) The French troops 1
which have been in occupation of
rFankfort, Darmstadt and other
cities on the east bank of the
Rhine, evacuated those cities this
morning, it is announced here.
The Germans were informed of
the departure of the occupying
forces through a laconic proclama
tion issued by' General Degoutte,
posted in the various cities, which
read, "The French keep their
word."
The evacuation proceeded in an
orderly way and amid entire quiet.
Berlin, May 17. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) The French and
Belgian troops, which have been
occupying Frankfort and Hanau,
evacuated those cities this morn
ing. No untoward incident has been
reported.
EX-G0TER30R DIES.
Winnipeg, May 17. Former Gov
ernor Robert P. Glenn of North
Carolina, member of the interna
tional waterways commission and
noted "dry'' advocate, died sudden
ly here yesterday.
PRUSSIAN PLAN
FOR NAVY GETS
DANIELS' FIRE
Sponsors Including Sims Would
.Wake Civilian Secretary Rubber
Stamp, lie Tells Senate.
Washington, May 17. Secretary
Daniels today let go a verbal
broadside against the advocates of
a general staff for the navy, de
claring that they sought to "Prus-
siansize" the navy department and
make the civilian secretary a "rub
ber stamp." He told the senate
committee investigating the navy's
conduct of the war that "one of
Rear Admiral Sims' chief objects
in writing his letter of Jan. 7, and
investigation
bringing about this
was to curtail the power of the
eerrptarv and rpmovp the naw so
secretary ana remove me navy, su
far as possible, from civilian con-
trol."
-"Running like a thread through
most of the evidence that has been
given before the committee has
been an advocacy of the general
staff for the conduct of the Amer
ican navy and elimination of civil
ian control," said Mr. Daniels.
"Some of the officers have frankly
avowed their advocacy of Prussian
izing the navy."
Tipped by Ton Meyer.
About the only piece of advice
former Secretary . .George von L:
Meyer gave him whefr he succeed
ed him, Mr. Daniels asserted, was
the admonition that there- were of
ficers in the navy who wished less
power for the civilian secretary
and more for themselves.
"Power lies here," Mr. Daniels
said Meyer told him as he pointed
to the secretary's desk," and it
should remain here."
He did not fully understand f
what his predecessor meant until
a few months after when "Admiral
Fiske and other disciples of the
Yon Tirpitz system of naval con
trol, sought to organize the Amer
ican navy on the Prussian plan,"
Secretary Daniels said.
12 "TRUSTIES"
ON HONOR FARM
ESCAPE JOLIET
Joliet, III., May 17. Prison au
thorities today planned to guard the
prison honor farm to prevent rep
etition of the wholesale escape of
convicts here Saturday and Sunday
night. Twelve men, all from the
same bunkhouse are at large. ' Only
one has been located. He is Wil
liam Jackson, killed on the third
rail line near Wheaton.
Three men left tbe honor farm
Saturday night. Last night shortly
after the check at 9 o'clock, nine
more convicts from the same bunk
hou;e left the farm.
'There are no guards at the prison
farm. There was nothing spectacu
lar in the escapes. The departure
of the convicts had not been dis
covered until the 11 o'clock check
was made.
Among those escaped prisoners is
Archie Wilson, a murderer, sen
tenced to a life term from Cook
county in 1914.
Fearing that a stampede may re
sult at the honor farm, authorities
are today planning a temporary
guard system to replace the honor
system in effect at the farm.
NO DRY RULING.
IN HIGH COURT
Washington, May 17. The
supreme court failed strain to.
day to decide the validity of the
prohibition amendment and tbe
enforcement act, and recessed
until June 1.
With the court's failure to act in
the prohibition cases taday, only
two more decision days remain be
fore' the adjournment June 7 for
the term. While the court has
given no indications when it will
act. a decision before adjournment
generally is expected.
XEW FOREST FIRES.
Duluth. Minn.. May 17. Forest
fires are again menacing the coun
try to the north and northwest ot
Duluth, despite rains last night and
early today. The fires have been
burning tor week. ,
SPLIT OVER
NEW POLICY
FOR MEXICO
Gonzales Blocks Agua
Prieta Plan, but Agree-
ment Is Amicable.
Washington, May 17. Gen
eral Pablo Gonzales has refused
to recognize "the plan of Apia
Prieta under wl.lch the enure
larranza regime would be re.
pudlated, according to the Mex
ico City newspaper reports re
ceived today by the state de
partment. General Uonzales
agreed, however, to permit Gov
ernor De LaHuerta of Sonora,
to convene the Mexican con
gress or the permanent commis
sion of congress in extra ses
sion to name a provisional pres
ident Steps have been taken at
Mexico luy to curry out the
agreement.
l"he agreement was reached at
a conference of Generals Gonzales
and Obregon and other generals in
Mexico City on May 12, and under
it Governor De LaHuerta assumes
command of the "Liberal Constitu
tional army" under General Obre-
gon and the "Liberal Revolutionary
arQ?y" under General Gonzales
ueuerai vjuuittica uujwuuub iu
the plan of Agua Prieta" were re-
Luc VMU ul "6
ri j h an(i ,1.. farm
?".L . .i ... .. .7,
government agents here as little
more than technical.
Rebels Take Tampico.
.Mexico City, Monday May 10.
(Via El Paso Junction, May
17, by the Associated Press.)
Tenipiro was captured without
bloodshed Sunday noon accord
ing to an announcement made
at headquarters of General Al
varo Obregon, candidate for
the presidency of Mexico, early
today.
Lieutenant Colonel Lucas Gon
zales occupied the town without
resistance.
General Carlos Orozco was re
ported to have escaped aboard the
steamer Jalisco. Other reports said
that Orozco went aboard a small
merchant vessel, tried to force the
captain to sail to Havana, was dis
armed and returned to Tampico.
Surrender Reported.
Vera Cruz reports said Orozco
was disarmed by the crew of the
Jalisco and surrendered to General
Guadalupe Sanchez, commander of
the revolutionary forces at Vera
Cthz. '
Dispa'cnes received from ruetua
today said that General Rafael Ro
jas has assumed the governorship
of that state.
From Huerta, state of Mexico, the
report came today mat general ; be considered necessary. C onsid
Luis Dominguez, in command of jeration must be given to the great
military operations on the Is'.hmus er regularity of employment in
of Tehuantepec, had surrendered. railroad service. Uie greater sta-
a leiegram irom aoouo ue ia-
Huerta, supreme chief of the revo
lutionary forces, to (Jeneral Obre
gon reported that 35,000 men in
Sonora, Chihuahua and Sinaola had
joined the movement.
General Pablo Gonzales and Gen-
eral Obreeon. former rivals for the
presidency, are expected to confer
shortly upon the acceptance of the
Agua Prieta plan
Military forces in Torreon have
recognized the Agua Prieta plan,!
according to General Ces&reo Cas
tro. Carranza'g Son I-scapes.
Very Cruz, May 17. (By the As
sociated Press.) General Candido
Aguilar, governor of the state of
Vera Cruz, and son-in-law of Pres
ident Carranza, virtually a prisoner
of revolutioLary forces near
Orizaba for the past week, escaped
last night. It is believed he is try
ing to join Carranza. who fled into
the mountains Friday, and who, as
tar as known, has not as yet been
located. General Aguilar has with
him about three hundred follow
ers. LATE BULLETINS
Washington, May 17. The
senate today adopted the Mc
Connick resolution calling on
the federal reserve board tor
information ax to its plans for
deflation of the currency and
consequent redaction of high '
Jiriees and also for its plans
or credit mobilization to cover
crop movements this year.
Washington. May 1' The
section of the legislative, ex
ecutive and judicial bill aivlnff
the joint congressional printing
committee supervision over
government publications, which
caused the president to veto the
measure, was stricken out to
day by the house appropria
tions committee.
Washington, May 17,-By an
everwkebalBf vote, the house
today refused te adopt the een
fereuee revert on the diplo
matic bill because ef a tarisla.
tlve rider making permanent
the wartime passport control
regulations.
WILLING TO
YIELD PART
IN DEMAND
Agree Pay Has Not Been
Commensurate With In
creasing High Costs.
Chicago, May 17. Wage advances
shomu ue gi anted to many rail
road workers to enable tnein to
nitel tne mgn cost ot living, the.
Association ut Railway executives
deaarea today in its opening state
ment betore tne raiiroau labor
board.
IS. T. Whiter, chairman of the
conference committee ot rail man
agers, ot the executives' associa
tion, told the board that some part
ot uie wage demands being made
by 2,uuG,Uuv railway employes prob
aoly wouid be lounu jutsuntxi by
tne rise iu living costs.
Agreement ot tne railroads them
selves tnat at least a part ot the
men should have more money, is
expected to go far tow.irds expedit
ing settlement of the controversy
wnicn culminated last nionui iu a
series of strikes.
Demands Mow Billion.
The demands now before the
board aggregate more than a $L
(wu,uw,uuj a year, in addition to a
buuon-dollax advance during the
war and a $300,uoo,OUO aUvauce in.
the two years prior to government .
control, accoruing to Mr. Whiter.
He presented Bgures to show that
the railway payroll had increased
from 39.5 per cent of the gross
earnings ot the roads in 191a, to
bZM per cent last year.
"We appreciate tully," Mr. Whit
er said, "that the increases re
ceived by some employes in the
last live years have not been com
mensurate with the increases in
the cost ot living. This fact must
be given consideration by the.,
boaru in determining which of
these employes are lairly entitled
to increases.
Further Appreciations. t
"We appreciate also that there
are oher employes who are receiv
ing rates wmch cannot be consid
ered at all low, in an absolute
sense, yet which do not compare
favorably in some localities with,
wages paid similar occupations iu
outside industries; and we further
! appreciate that the discrepancies
I are sucfl that the railroads caiino:
j under present conditions in such
j localities hold these employes for
, their very necessary work unless
some increases are given.
"We cannot, of course, hope to
compete with outside rates, cent
for cent per hour, nor should this
biuty of railroad rates of wages.
and to other attractive features of
railroad employmenL"
tost Peak Beached. )
The great increase in the cost1
of living, Mr. Whiter said, was an
evident tact, ana wage adjustments
imust take tnls factor into accounL
Rut ha oaM tha t.a.. 1, in Ik. i
of living had probably been reach-1
ed, and that the board must con-i
aider the situation which would bej
brought about wljen it declined. On j
this subject be Said:
"With the forces now at work toi
bring about a reduction in the high 1
living cost, it is next to impossible
to believe that the peak in the in
crease has not been reached. A
procedure that would fix railroad
wages permanently on the basis of
the present living cost could hard
ly be defended. Unless some auto-
Imatic principle is embodied in the
i award that will readjust rates aa
! """8 costs go back or unless some-
thing is incorporated that will pro
vide lor a review of the award la
ter, any wage rates that may now
De fixed would be practically per
manent rates.
For Proportionate FalL
"lt is not at all intended here t
say that any wage rates that your
board might award to meet the in
creased cost of living should b
taken away again as fast as, and'
in the same percentage as. the cost
of living comes down. But if as
costs of living go down towards
the pre-war basis, a proportionate
decrease in basic wages were pro
vided for, the employes would be
better off. as compared with pre
war conditions, in spite of such re- '
'ductions."
The new transportation act pro
vides. Mr. Whiter said, that any
substantial increase in wages must
result in increased rates to the pub
lic for railroad service. Tor every
$100,000,000 added to the payroll
about three pen rent must be added
to freight rates, he said. Tbe car
riers are now before the interstate
commerce commission asking for
an increase of 28 per cent, largely
U provide for the billion-dollar
payroll advance under government
al control and operation.
Adjourns Till Tomorrow.
Following the reading of the ex
ecutives' statement the wage board
adjourned until tomorrow -. .
1 All members were present at the
opening session.

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