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The Rock Island Argus and daily union. (Rock Island, Ill.) 1920-1923, May 18, 1920, Image 1

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LAND ARGUS. -
H
. IL
AND DAILY UNION.
SKTY-NINTH YEAR. NO. "180.
ASSOCIATED FUSS LEASED WEU.
TUESDAY MAY 18, 1920 SIXTEEN PAGES.
UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRE.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ROCK IS
-
m
AD INTERir.1
PRESIDENT
FOR MEXICO
label Chiefs Promise to
Accept Choice, Who
ever He May Be.
BULLETIN.
fBr United Prwe.l
CI Pino, Texas, May 18
BTolytJoBit cavalry today
ratfnaed their bunt of the
kill) and mountains around
Oaxara for President Carranza,
according to advices here. Cap
tin of large store of ammu
nition by revolutionists in the
st engagement with farran
ilttu was reported in meg.
aiges received here today from
tieieral Obregon.
Jleiieo City. May 18 (By
Ike Associated Press.) Full
details of the conference held
by the liberal revolutionary
leaders at the national palace
the sight of May 13 reveal that
Ike leaders decided to request
Uftrnor le La Hnerta to call
(tress into extraordinary
km Ion for naming a president
ad interim. The governors
imbiobs, made pnblic today,
lies the date for the meeting
of the extraordinary session of
Maims as May 24.
Ueaeral Obregon wu named
if the conference as command,
er of the forces in northern
lexiro and General Gonzales
u eemiiander in Mexico City
aid southern Mexico.
All the leaders promised to
sceept the ad interim president
tints., whoever he might be.
Gonzales Hits Plan.
Mexico City, Tuesday, May 11.
(Via EI Paso Junction, May 18.)
(By the Associated Press.) Gen
eral Pablo Gonzales said that he
n no reason (or the plan of
Afui Prieta, in which are embodied
the aims of the new revolution, in
tl exclusive interview given to the
Awoeiaied Press. This was the
Int granted by him to any foreign
correspondent.
Daily Conferences.
"Generals Obregon and I are
holding daily conferences with a
view to bringing about a moral rev
olution against Carranza to a suc
cessful finish, without interrupting
constituional order," General Gon
ules taid.
"The liberal revolutionists can
not repudiate the constitution,
Mcu is the basis for legal gov-
jjrernmenf, since particularly we
nun recognize loe legislature.
"Regarding my attitude toward
the United States and other for
eign nations, it bas been fully set
forth in my previous utterances,
Mpecially when I openly declared
m the allied powers when the
wnnan offensive was at Us height
i M7."
So Clash Expected.
(Bj United ITew.l
Hexia City, Via Laredo Junc
. May 17. General Alvaro Ob
jjion does not anticipate quarrels
Hween the leaders of the revolu
jjw when the power of the Carran
Mtas has been completely broken,
m wclared in an interview with
United Press.
The divergent views of Obregon
jo General Gonzales have been
Mrmonized," the revolutionary
mi .
Too two chief obstacles in the
Wtteii of the revolutionary gov
wnineBt. Obregon said, were the
Poulbility 0f a sticcessful "come-
movement of Venustiano
Urtnta, the deposed president,
i defection of the followers of
Gonzales.
"Carraaza has no chance to re
!" power." Obregon asserted.
ie opinion and the military
are both too strongly against
. "Jjnwl Gonzales and I have
"raionited our views. We oppos
h nnz terause he was abus-
people's right of franchise.
Carranza has gone. Should
ls and I quarrel now it
r0""1 be so obvions we were fight
2LOTr personal ambitions that
"r the people nor the soldiers
'd support us."
fiOjBLE FUNERAL
TOR BANDIT AND
BIS AGED FATHER
Campaign, 111.. May 18. With
MtLI?lttiTes and intimate friends
r"ng. double funeral services
we held at 10 o'clock today
Ce...rce Lero'r wlton, Illinois
vl lut i.. traln Bandit, killed early
b !ay morning by Chicago DO
ST Ud his father. H T. Waltnn
death was caused by shock
a is, ,WM enrute from his home
. JOSeDh. Mo. In Chiravr. In
J? the body of his son. The
i!!vw're Mi home of
CtoB1 MUet 8U,er 0f M"
JJ Rw- G. P. Hoster, pastor of
,t--mi Memorial Episcopal
delivered the funeral aer-
tJlVlton. formerly Miss Mary
T: w married in Cham-
IT " ner son was born here.
iJ" aa made In a family lot in
cemetery.
PENROSE FIRST
TO SCOFF NAVY,
DANIELS AVERS
Secretary Alleges Senator Inspired
Sims' Attack With "Delay"
Speech In 1918.
Washington, May 18. Senator
Penrose, Republican. Pennsylvania,
and not Rear Admiral Sims orig
inated the basic charges against
the navy department contained in
the admiral's letter of Jan. 7, Sec
retary Daniels asserted today be
fore the senate committee investi
gating the naval conduct of the
war. Mr. Daniels recalled that the
senator in a speech in the senate
Aug. 24. 1918, declared that pro
crastination on the part of the sec
retary delayed the termination of
the war at least three months, cost
$15,000,000,000 and many lives.
Says Charges Coincide.
The words used by Senator Pen
rose were almost identical with
those used by Admiral Sims more
than a year later, Mr. Daniels said.
"Either ' Admiral Sims is a pla
giarist and appropriated his
charges from Senator Penrose, or
by mental telepathy the views of
the senator were communicated to
Admiral Sims," declared Mr. Dan
iels. "Penrose comes from Penn
sylvania, and Sims was appointed
to the naval academy from that
state. Did they collaborate or ex
change mental telegrams?"
The committee might have "saved
thousands of reams of paper and
hundreds of thousands of words"
by investigating Penrose's charges
the witness said.
Penrose ."Imposed I'pon."
Senator Penrose was "imposed
upon by some informant, almost
as reckless in his figures, as Ad
miral Sims was in his accusations,"
Mr. Daniels continued. "It is also
worthy of note." he said, "that at
the very time Penrose was making
this speech, Sims was writing to
Captain Pratt threatening an in
vestigation of the conduct of the
war." " '
Mr. Daniels said he would not
answer the Penrose charges at
length, even though he had just
learned of them, because his an
swer to Admiral Sims covered the
matter fully. He devoted the rest
of the day to a resume of the navy
department's war construction ac
tivities comprising approximately
one thousand vessels, nearly three
times as many as there were in
the entire navy when the war
started. He paid high tribute to
Rear Admiral David W. Taylor,
chief constructor, who, he said,
had no superior in the world.
'OPEN DOOR' IS
URGED AS CURE
FOR LABOR ILL
New York, Majr 18. Temporary
modification of the immigration
laws to permit an influx of desira
ble immigrants to meet America's
labor shortage was urged today by
United States Senator Walter E.
Edge of New Jersey, addressing
the National Manufacturers' asso
ciation. He also advocated Ameri
canization to prevent new immi
grants from falling under the spell
of bolshevism.
Quoting Commissioner of Immi
gration Caminetti, that the radicals
"have a wonderful organization for
capturing each immigrant, almost
at the moment of landing, and
bringing him under their influ
ences," the senator said that less
than six weeks is needed to pre
pare "his mind for welcome recep
tion of communist doctrines."
In urging modification of the im
migration laws, the senator said he
did not mean to "open the doors to
an indiscriminate horde of new
comers." "Moreover, against such unde
sirables," he added, "who may fil
ter through, I would apply every
law for deportation without the
tenderness apparently shown for
radicals and bolshevists by officials
of the administration."
GREEKS, TURKS
IN NEW BATTLE
r.onstantmonle. May 17. (By the
Associated Press.) Greek and
Turkish troops have clashed about
twenty-five miles east of Smyrna,
where the Turks are taking the of
fensive and are apparently mass
ing reinforcements preparatory to
further advances against the
Greeks.
fighting has occurred between
Magnisa and Menamen. Jaffa Tay
ari. Turkish commandant at Adrian
opole, has sent ' a message here
from that city saying 40,000 Turks
and Bulgarians are prepared to re
sist the Greeks. He declares they
will meet the Greeka midway be
tween - Tcbatalja and Adrianopole
when the Greeks begin the occupa
tion of Thrace.
VAST LOSS
IN NITRATE
IS ALLEGED
House G. O. P. Accuse Ad
ministration of Millions
Lost in Plants.
(By VmXni Prera.)
Washington, May 18. Charging
that the war department spent
$116,194,974.37 on plants which
produced no' nitrate prior to the
signing of the armistice, the Re
publicans of the bouse war ex
penditures committee, in a report
made public today declared the
"whole nitrate program was one
of misdirected effort."
The alleged failure of the pro
gram "is directly traceable to Ber
nard M. Baruch, who admits that
he was the moving spirit in the
plans of the government," the re
port stated.
The Republican charges were de
nied flatly in a minority report
filed by Representative Garrett of
Tennessee, who asserted that if it
was a mistake to embark on the
nitrate program, it was also an er
ror to call to arms 3,000,000' men
who never left the United States.
G. 0. P. Recommendations.
Recommendations of the Repub
licans as outlined by Chairman
Graham, Illinois, follow:
That no further sums be paid to
the air nitrates corporation or its
sub-contractors for the building of
plants at Mussel Shoals, Ala.; To
ledo and Cincinnati.
That civil suits be instituted to
recover such sums as may compen
sate the United States for the fail
ure of the corporation to carry out
its contracts or that the corpora
tion bring suit against the govern
ment for money now due it.
That the plant at Mussel Shoals
be leased by the war department
for the production of fertilizer.
For Salvaging Plants.
That the plants at Toledo and
Cincinnati be salvaged.
That the plant at Sheffield. Ala.,
be kept for experimental purposes,
but that 1,200 acres near it be sold.
The charge is made by the Re
publicans that plants were located
at Toledo and Cincinnati to "quiet
the opposition of Representative
Nicholas Longworth to the Mussel
Shoals project"
"The whole program promised ,
nothing in the way of winning the
war and accepted nothing," the re
port concluded.
BEASLETS BODY
ON WIFE'S GRAVE
Greenville. I1L, May l'v
II arte j 0. Beasley, 25 years old,
alleged murderer of his wife
and two boy babies today com
mitted suicide over his wife's
grave in Bethlehem cemetery
near here. Beasley shot him
self In the right temple.
LATE BULLETINS
Moscow, May (By Asso
ciated Press.) Recognition of
the Far Eastern democratic re
public of Siberia has been de
cided upon by the Russian
soviet government, A note to
this effect will be sent the min
ister of foreign affairs of the
new republic
Washington, May 1R Charles
I. Jones, former department of
justice agent, today charged
Mexican agents in the United
States with having threatened
disgrace and death to Senator
Fall of Sew Mexico, chairman
of the senate committee investi
gating Mexican affairs, and to
W. M. Hanson, one of Chair
jnan Fall's assistants.
Washington. May 18. Presi
dent Wf son today telegraphed
Evangeline Booth, commander
of the Salvation Army, eompli.
nenting the organization upon
its war service.
Washington, May 1ft A dead
lock on the army reorganisa
tion bill was reached today by
the senate and honse conferees.
Senate provisions to reorganise
the force caused the breach and
the question will be brought
before the house for a vote.
Washington, May 1 Resettle
ment of the controversy over
increased wage demands of an
thracite coal aimers, which
has extended ever several
weeks, Is expected by depart
ment of labor officials today or
tomorrow,.
Moscow. May l-(By The
Associated Press.) Seventy
five delegates and alternates to
the All-Russian Zionist eoa
which met here late la
April, have been aire ted. ae
eerdlBt te a statement by the
extraordinary commission to-'ay.
Murguia's Bravery Saved
CAmmMfE&'B
Loyalists From Collapse
BT RALPH H. TURNER.
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Mexico City. May 18. (via
Laredo Junction, May 17.) Dra
matic accounts of the heroic last
stand of Venustiano Carranza, de
posed president of Mexico, at Rin
conada reached here today.
Without water or provisions, out
numbered and. surrounded practi
cally on all sides, the Carranzistas,
presonally led by General Murguia
and the "first chief," fought bravely
to the last
Reports praised unstintedly the
bravery of General Murguia. But
for his determination, rebel sdvices
said, the Carranzistas probably
would have collapsed. He led them
in a desperate charge which re
sulted in their cutting their way
through the revolutionary ring and
escaping into the mountains.
Tears Sole, Slaps Courier.
When the messenger from" the
rebel leader arrived with the revo
lutionary offer of safe conduct for
Carranza, if he would surrender,
Murguia tore the message in shreds
and slapped the messenger in the
face, rebel advices said.
Next to Murguia, Carranza stood
out for his bravery and coolness.
Frequently he assumed personal
charge of operations. During one
iierce engagement, larranza s uorsn
was shot, but he obtained another
and continued calmly to direct his
troops.
The Carranzistas held out de
terminedly, expecting 'aid from
General Guadaloupe Sanchez, the
commander at Vera Cruz.
Last Hope is Gone.
When word came that he and his
troops had joined the revolution,
the last hope for winning vanished,
dispatches said, and Murguia di
rected his attention to escape.
Toward the last, dispatches said,
there was great confusion. Part of
the Carranzista forces were cut off
and members of the cabinet became
separated from the president.
General Pablo Gonzales today
iBsued a manifesto announcing he
had withdrawn as a candidate for
the presidency to preserve harmony
among the revolutionary elements
and insure success of the move
ment Field Open to Obregon.
Gonzales' withdrawal apparently
left the field open to General
Alvaro Obregon.
Dispatches drew a tragi-comic
picture of the final flight of the
Carranza band.
Debonair General Jnan Barragan,
Carranza's youthful chief of staff,
minus his gaudy uniform, was try
ing frantically to crank a small
automobile.
Ignacio Bonillas, former ambas
sador to the United States and the
man whose candidacy did more
than anything to bring about the
crisis, had lost Ks horse and was
described as rushing madly among
the soldiers crying:
"A thousand pesos for a horse!"
Pet Lion is Peeved.
A pet lion, the favorite of Gen-
MOSCOW REPORT
BARES SUCCESS
AGAINST POLES
London, May 17. Successes
against the Poles in the fighting on
the northerly part of the front are
reported by the Russian soviet gov
ernment in an official message
from Moscow, dated Monday. The
Poles were forced back over the
Beresina at one point, it was claim
ed. Fighting is still in progress 'n
tie Kiev region, with the battle
line drawn some 14 miles to the
east of the city, according to the
statement which says:
"In the Kiev region, on the left
bank of the Dnieper, fighting is
proceeding 14 miles northeast and
southeast of Kiev.
"In the Shlobin and Mozir direc
tions, our troops, having started a
counter-advance in the vicinity of
the railway, flung back the enemy
to the right bank of the Beresina.
"In the region of Cherkassy our
advancing troops captured a num
ber ot villages on the right bank of
the Dnieper, from 24 to 27 miles
northwest of Cherkassy.'
Th Weather
Partly cloudy tonight and Wed
nesday; probably showers tonight;
somewhat warmer tonight; cooler
Wednesday.
Highest yesterday, 60; lowest last
night 50.
Wind velocity at 7 a. m., 3 miles
per hour.
Precipitation, none.
12 m. p.m. 7 a.m.
iMttr. venter, todav
Dry bulb temp... 60 58 53
Wet bulb temp... 75 74 S9
Rel. humidity ...75 74 89
River stage, 12; a fall of .3 in
last 24 hours. -
Blver Forecast
A falling tendency in the Missis
sippi will continue from below Du
buque to Muscatine,
J. It SHERIER, Meteorologist.
LAST STAOT I
eral Murguia, added to the confus
ion by roaring "until the hills
shook," dispatches said.
Riderless horses, frightened by
the din, raced over the battlefield,
but Bonillas pursued them in vain.
Murguia, described as bellowing
in a great voice heard above the
confusion, finally rallied his men
who were fleeing from their
trenches, and temporarily stopped
the rebel advance.
The trains in which the Carran
zistas had fled from Mexico City
were set on fire before they were
abandoned.
Carranza l'rges Surrender.
When all seemed lost Carranza,
maintaining an almost stoical calm,
went to' Murguia and suggested it
would be best to surrender. He or
dered burning of the government
archives, which had been brought
from the capital.
Murguia, seconded by Luis Ca
brera, Carranza's minister of the
treasury, finally persuaded their
chief there was still a chance to
fight their way out and t scape into
the mountains.
The plan was followed success
fully. Many prominent leaders and cit
izens, who had fled from Mexico
city jn lhe presidential trains.
were abandoned in the final flight,
dispatches said. Som wounded
were left on the burning trains
but were rescued by the revolu
tionists. Two Generals Slain.
The bodies of two ead federal
generals were found on the battle
field. Many women and children were
abandoned, the rebels said.
These civilians, dispatches said,
were attempting to flee into the
hills when overtaken by rebel
tropos. Many richly gowned women,
carrying their jewels and odds and
ends of personal belongings were
isent back to the rebel headquar
ters.
The haste of the Carranzista
flight, dispatches said, was indi
cated by tie- condition f the aban
doned trains. Quantities of food
and partly filled bottles of wine
were left behind.
All of Staff Escape.
The fate of the leading members
of the Carranza party could not be
learned definitely, but it was sup
posed Cabrera, Bonillas, Generals
Urauizo and Barragan, Paulino
Fontes, director general of rail
ways, and Aguirre Berlanga, prime
minister, all escaped with their
chief.
Berlanga was described as
carrying his personal funds in a
beautiful silver box of Prussian
workmanship, the gift of the for
mer ambassador in Mexico City,
Von Eckhardt
Late dispatches indicated the
Carranza party's location as in the
region of Cofre de Perote, in the
state of Vera Cruz, 15 miles north
west of Jalappa, the scene of the
recent earthquake.
POLICE REVEAL
TO TAKE PARIS
Paris, May 18. Soviet rule in
France was to have been establish
ed if revolutionary strikes inaugur
ated May first had succeeded, ac
cording to the French police, who
said today they had obtained com
plete evidence of this from docu
ments they have secured.
The police declared the bulk of
this evidence was found among the
papers seized at the residence of
Boris Souvarine, Socialist editor,
who was arrested yesterday.
The police claim that seven So
viets had been established and
were awaiting the success of the
strikes to blossom forth as local
governments in Orleans, Tours,
Brest Bordeaux, Marseilles, Stras-
bourg and Paris, ready to take up
.hi ...iwir " rr:.rT
had the strikes proved effective.
The secretary to Police Inspector
Charles Ducrocq declared this aft
ernoon that he bad sufficient evi
dence to cause the arrest of 10 or
12 of the extremist leaders on
charges of plotting against the in
ternal security of France.
Diamonds, rubies and sapphires '
from Moscow and bank accounts '
showing huge deposits of rubles in
Copenhagen banks for Souvarine!
and Charles Rappoport, one of the
leaders of the extremist movement ,
in France, are reported to have
been unearthed by the pojice. !
Rappoport, who was a candidate
for the chamber of deputies in the
November elections, said today he
expected to be arrested, and de
clared it was true that the aim of
the May day strikes was the over-
throw of the existing rule in France.
v RELIEF CAUCUS TOMGHT.
Washington. May 18. House Re
publicans were notified today by
Representative Towner of Iowa,
chairman of the party conference
committee, that the soldier relief
legislation would be considered at,
a party caucus to be held toniaht i
tejninATFs
BATTLE FOR
PENH STATE
Governor Sproul Favored
by G. O. P. Other
States Go to Polls.
Philadelphia, Pa., May IS Seventy-six
delegates to the Republi
can national convention and au
equal number to the Democratic
assembly are being elected in
Pennsylvania today at state-wide
primaries. Socialists and Prohibi
tionists are also holding their pri
maries. Electors in Pennsylvania have
the privilege of indicating their
presidential preference, the name
of Edward Randolph Wood, a re
tired business man of Philadelphia,
appears on the Republican ballot,
and only that of Attorney General
A. Mitchell Palmer is on the Demo
cratic presidential preference bal
lot. The faction opposing Attorney
General Palmer in Pennsylvania
has asked its supporters to write
the name of William G. McAdoo on
the ballot.
12 Ielega(es.At.Large,
There are 12 delegates-at-large
to be elected, and 15 candidates
were nominated. The Republican
state organization has slated 12.
The organization candidates in
clude I'nited States Senators Pen
rose and Knox, Governor W. C.
Sproul, Mayor Babcock of Pitts
burgh, Mayor Moore of Philadel
phia, W. W. Atterbury, vice presi
dent of the Pennsylvania railroad,
and State Attorney General W. I.
Schaffer.
Delegates in Pennsylvania are
not instructed, but it is understood
that all 15 are for Governor Sproul
for first choice for president A
majority of the 64 district delegates
are understood to be for Sproul
first with a number favoring' Leon
ard Wood for sevond choice.
There are 24 candidates for the
Democratic delegation at large, the
two factions each having named 12.
Opposes Palmer.
The faction opposing Attorney
General Palmer is headed by Judge
Eugene C. Bonniwell of Philadel
phia. There is also a contest for the
four nominations as congressmen-at-large
in the Republican primary,
six candidates being in the field.
Eight men are contesting for the
four congress-at-large nominations
on the Democratic ticket.
Senator Penrose is unopposed
(Continued on Page Eleven.)
FALL SEEN FOR
UNITY PROJECT
OF METHODISTS
Des Moines, Iowa, May IS. Adop
tion of the plan of unification with
the Methodist Church South by the
general conference of the Methodist
Episcopal church in session here is
a very remote possibility, accord
ing to the sentiment of many dele
gates today.
For almost two weeks a special
committee has been considering the
report of the commission on uni
fication, which presented the re
gional plan without recommenda
tion. This special committee has con
sidered every phase of the report,
and, although a formalqfote has not
been taken, is almost unanimously
of the opinion that it will be im
possible to adopt the present plan
without many amendments, which
in effect would create a new plan.
The special committee appointed
a sub-committee of 11, charged
with the duty of formulating a plan
which would further the interests
of eventual unification. This sub
" -'
committee will submit a plan, which
ton, its chairman, would lead the
churches involved to get ready for
unification. The report, it is under
stood, strongly reaffirms the desire
of the Methodist Episcopal church
for union, but recommends the ere
ating of a new commission on uni
fication by each church in order
to arrive at a complete under
standing as to all details involved
BIRTH" STARTS TODAY AT
COLONIAL THEATRE
Come early. Because of the limited engage
ment of "Birth" and so that everyone will have
an opportunity of seeing it The Argus suggests
that as many as possible attend the early matinee
and evening showings and avoid the evening
crowds. First showing at 1 o'clock, continuous
until 11.
jNO COMPLAINT
DUE FROM U.S.
ON INDEMNITY
Much Interested in Ger
man Payments, But
Has No Voice.
BY IUVIO LAWRENCE.
(Special to The Argus.)
Washington, D. C. May IS.
Europe is getting down to brass
tacks or rather economic sense is
overcoming the sentimentalism
which has kept the allied world
from recognizing that . until the
amount of the German indemnity
was fixed and ways were discov
ered of assisting Germany to pay
the same, reconstruction would be
held back indefinitely.
That is the interpretation which
our officials put upon the latest
conferences between the allied
premiers prior to the conference
with the Germans at Spa. But it
must be said at the outset that
whatever views are expressed at
the treasury department where the
writer made several inquiries con
cerning the momentous decisions
being made in the European con
ferences, are based entirely upon a
reading of the newspapers. Signiti
cantly and indeed regrettably, the
United States government doesn't
know a thing about what is going
on in those important financial con
ferences, which indirectly relate to
the whole economic future of the
Vnited States, the value of its bond
and securities and the opportuni
ties for foreign trade.
Treasury officials said it was an
unfortunate confirmation of what
they had been saying right along,
namely, that Europe was being
compelled to settle the world's finan
cial affairs without having the
benefit of America's advice or sug
gestions. Poor Chance to Effect Changes.
"While it is true," said one of
the treasury officials, "that the
United States need not accept the
settlement when it . is made, we
will hardly be able to raise much
of a clamor when indeed we reject
ed the opportunity that was offered
us to become a member of the
League of Nations and be repre
sented in these important confer
ences."
To be sure our officials take wih
a grain of salt some of the cable
grams which imply that a new
principal of payment of interallied
war debts is to be introduced. For
instance one press dispatch de
clares that France will not be
obliged to pay England what she
owes the latter until the Germans
make their payments on the war in
demnity. This might conceivably
be extended to apply to American
indebtedness, thus making the Unit
ed States wait for Germany pay
ments before England or France
pay us.
But treasury officials say this is
absurd. They declare that there
is absolutely no relationship be
tween reparation and war indebted
ness. They recognize that pay-
(Continued on page four).
RUSH TO SELL
CORN AS PRICE
HITST06066AN
Chicago, May IS. Sensa
tional breaks in the value of
corn took place today. Thpre
was a general rush to sell, and
a dearth of buyers. July deliv
eries in whirh trading was
heaviest, underwent an ex
treme fail of JU cents a hnsh
ed, compared with yesterday's
close. ' Indications of financial
strain together with talk of
drastic measures to end the
widespread railway congestion
were chief reasons ascribed.
The worst of the break came
in the last 15 minutes of trad
ing and carried July down to
1.9U. Little power to rally
was displayed, and the close
finish was at about Vie reac
tion from the bottom figures of
the day. Kansas bank 1'a.liires,
which were said to be connect
ed with excessive loans on
erain had much to do with
starting: the selline flurry that
finally smashed values.
GRONNA A CANDIDATE.
Washington, May 18. Senator
Gronna, Republican, North Dakota,
... , , - - -
todftv formallv annnuncpH his fun-
didacy for renomination.
- ..j
" " ' '
INCREASES
ADVOCATED
QUIET MEN
Means Strike Prospect Is
Lessened, Tension Re
lieved, Shea Says.
(Bjr United rress.)
Chicago. May IS. Presi
dents of 17 railroads were to
appear today before President
Wilson's labor hoard holding
hearings here into demands of
3,000,000 railroad employes for
H9 inrrPHKPS.
The railroad presidents were
exnected to favor granting em
plojes some Increases.
.Manufacturers of the middle
west contemplated appearing"
lietore I lie noiira. inry iniena
explaining the critical car
shortage situation and urge
early action by the board.
Labor leaders and railroad
officials here for the hearing
predicted today the board
.would rule on me wage au.
vance demands early in June.
May Avert Strike.
(By United Prens.
Chicago, May IS. Belief that th
possibility of a railroad strihe haj
been definitely averted as a result
of the railroads' advocating wage
increases for their employes waa
expressed here today by railroad
union executives.
Union leaders said the question
now is on how much of an increase
the railroad labor board, which is
hearing the owners' side ot the
casp. will erant Thev believe that
the railroads have passed the buck: .
to the public and are ready to con-
will insist that it be borne by the
public in the shape of increased
traffic rates.
The situation is much relieved,
according to Timothy Shea, presi
dent of the Brotherhood of liail-
iroad Firemen, by the opening state
ment of the railroads' spokesman,
made at yesterday's hearing.
. : i i .. . ..j
I ru mc J7riSMTIS it?iiirn.
I "It means that the prospects of
I a strike have been lessened and .
that the tension has been greatly
relieved," he said.
"The railroads have practically
admitted that the employes are un
derpaid and should receive more.
It will go a long way in hastening
a speedy decision by the board,
who must recognize the menace ta
transportation."
Other union chiefs were optimis
tic. A. F. Whitney, vice president
of the Brotherhood of Railway
Trainmen, considered chances of
speedy settlement favorable.
"The sooner the wages are set
tled the Quicker transportation.
will be improved," b' said. "Tha
only way to bring transportation,)
back to normal is to make wagea:
attractive, so that men will stick
to railroading and $5 a day these
times is not attractive. That's tha
situation in a nutshell."
Get Tralnnien's Demand. "
Demands of the railroad train-:
men, who are asking increases to--taling
$250,000,000, were taken up
today from the viewpoint of . tha
railroad managements. E. T. Whit
ter, chairman of the conference
committee of the railroad manag
ers' association, was scheduled to
be on the stand today and toraor-i
row. Railroad presidents will tes-'
tify later in the week. : ,
The union officials said they ex
pected the presentation of the
owners' side would conclude tha
case. They do not expect to offer
any rebuttal in testimony, 'accord
ing to Shea.
A decision is expected to be made
by the board early in June.
SON OF GERMAN
GENERAL SLAIN
Vienna vv is A son of Gen
eral von Buelow of the German
, a-mv has noon Villon Willie II I UK
. . r ; who h.i.
lu escape iroui nuiu,
j was a prisoner of war, according :
to a Budapest dispatch. . - v .
. t ; flAlJiap. harl hum
1 W U nuuiauiau w.u.w. .
bribed by young von Buelow ; to
take him and a companion across
the Maross river, it is said. When,
the boat was in midstream the sol- ,
diers attached their passengers.
The assailant . of Von Buelow s
comrade was disabled, but in the
struggle the boat was capsized,
n-hii. afrueellne in the water Voa
j Buelow was shot dead.
fiAMHT AT NECATl'B.
Decatur, 111., May 18. A bold
robber crawled over the tender ot
a fast Wabash passenger train, ,
just west of ' Danville Monday
night, secured valuables, watches
Anrl Knnio mnner from the engineer .
.and fireman, and tben compelled
uji; i iiiucci lu qiiji luc iiAui. tin
bandit made bis escape. '
i'

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