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The Rock Island Argus and daily union. (Rock Island, Ill.) 1920-1923, September 18, 1920, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92053933/1920-09-18/ed-1/seq-6/

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in im rTA.?
tsdted rM LepMj rjw Cff.
rbtf Aad Mm at H
rum Parr Cr r ltock
BH'ttl An s MaraVSt. IWt-
ever free aa taiitn kMMt in rtilliai fei
v ten ee -
v - VVS Tuiur'i married again.
"We don't
V . The poor old Hohensollern family might
tegs' whirl at tbe movies.
Ifijolng to be hard to keep Greater New
Tart from winning a pennant
;t.i ,,; V, '
' ' WHh the primary over, the country can go
back, to its business of baseball for the. next
i. . i ji V'.. ..a ek. ' f "
rtsj aXT tr.rHhHm, of the goversiag
h t.-saaL tK is ma& to cackmeaa
aiaora. ; ;.. ' . . ' - '. . :
; go. two iijiiwHiIIti New Yorkers proved
to gsfes of IMem as a dramatist of life by
totog to WkJttter to the flesh as nearly ae they,
could, what to compact majority did to Stock
gtasa to th play.- Tbh, bysa extraordinary
ptmg of tot. IM-Mrs 4raau, written to 1812
as ftoa for popmlar leaders- to be orawn
from an aristocracy of teteJlect is now de
noMced as bojfshevik propaganda. It Ibsen
wot alive, bo would say the attack on Mr.
wiiitleTM abandant Jastincatloo 1J the play.
. m 1 i ii .
tb InifS-fodhul and the Chamber of
' Cosfinerce. 4 - l
The Rock IslCnd Chamber of Commerce is
not merely a commercial proposition. It is a
otrsBBreaJty organlsattoB, Interested, it is true.
In fhe adTaacetsent of buiness and business
Interests, bnt equally concerned with the big
ger. communltr problems, embracing , all com
munity acUrltles. ''
For that reason membership in the Cham
ber of CommercVbhould not be confined solely
to business men.' It should extend to scores
of 'individuals who hare no connection with
business firms, bat who are Interested in this
community and its problems.
-The Chamber of Commerce wants in its
membership the father --who Is interested in
better schools for his children, the citizen who
is a booster for public improvements, for bet
ter streets, larger parka and playgrounds.
In short, the Chamber of Commerce wants
you, Mr. Private Citizen. You can add directly
to its force and influence in the community,
and indirectly it will react to your benefit in a
hundred ways. ''
few weeks.
JL
V .-"it looks to be the constitutional privilege
of many men to 'go- to Cuba in the pursuit of
happiness.
i r f
. You tell 'em Bill, the city of Chicago won't
A broke if you collect the 120,000,000 suits
gainst the newspapers. - - v
.. The baseball gamblers love the national
-pastime about as much 'as those racehorse
gamblers whe, succeeded in killing the "sporfl New York city, with delegates from many coun
of kings."
' v Uncle Sam conducted an auction sale of
mooBshlne outfits seized in Detroit, and they
were carried away by the highest bidders. If
they are seised again and sold again, the prac
tice ought to make telling inroads w our na
tional debt, in time.
r
I
HSRC LIC3 MANS ANCIENT ENEMY. v
I WHO DIS INTERS THC UNLOVED CUSS,
'aaaayasasmswsmi s - .wv ?M'mWsw. -Trr--TlTHfTTTrilliiiMi
. C0XS05 OF C1XIF0HI0.
'.("B Coi Johnioni
twwM rMcttoa la ulua ana ciimU.'
Tke Ovttosk to HcaH Disease.
The adventitious sound heard
about the heart when there is a
valvular leakage, is called a "mur
mur," and in itself a murmur is in
significant, for one may be heard In
listening to many a normal heart
Likewise the absence' of a' murmur
does not exclude heart disease .or
(-even valvular leakage, for in some
leases of unquestionable valvular
! disease a murmur may be absent
when the heart-is in the worst con-
imnwln and
tod Ik . Senator ji t.
J y IUUUU WW yf OPU WMIJ Jll.vl IU
neaxi regaioa uur cviBjpensauon
Dear friends of this wonderful, whole-souled
west," : ' ; -'
Yoit are Justly proud of your native son.
For a fearless heart beats beneath his vest!
(rermit me to add that I. too, have one).
Here nobly he battles reaction's hate,
. While I do the same in my state, you know.
Thus Hiram'a the Cox of the. Golden State
While I am the Hiram of O-hi-o.
' - " . . ' r ...
He's the valiant foe of the plutocrat
An ardent American, through and through.
U gives me great pleasure to tell you that!
'(And maybe twill give me a vote or two).
Tis my one regret that an. unkind fate
Decrees that a different road we go.
Tot he is the James of the Golden Stabs .
While I am the Johnson of O-hi-o. ,
He's much, is your Hiram, like Theodore: -He
finishes every fight he 'starts; .'
He still has a thirst for the old guards' gore!
(I hope that will flutter some old guard
hearts). ' '
LHc's a wonderful man! In fact, he's great!
And HI tel the world that it must ne so.
For ha is the Cox of the Golden State
While I I'm the Hiram of O-hi-o.
A Negro Steamship Line.
American negroes are to be asked to buy
stock in a "Black Star Line," There are to be
2,000,000 shares, sold at $5 a share. The total
capital contemplated is obviously not very 'Job to Kt 'im back!
large, as modern shipping corporations go, but
it might suffice fog the purpose evidently in
tendedthe establishment of a transportation
line under negro control, plying between the
United States and Africa.
The scheme is part of a set of ambitious
plans considered by the convention of the Uni
versal Negro Improvement association, held in
SPEAKING of the now silent Hiram, any
avowal on his part of revived loyalty to! the
G. O. P. probably would be received by the
. . . . i i n ... . : nn
.u i V ! ? V ...rrr. Lcnanges in the wall of the heart)
of the backslidmg Scot .by his ichurch brethren. JAfe more common ,g
ma louaiy voiceu iubukbbiviuk iur uie
lego of again meeting with themvin worship
wis interrupted by e skeptic who exclaimed r
"Dinna believe 'im. Lord; we'd a terrible hard
The
wed.
Enemy of the People.
word revolution has many people
Events in Russia are exerting a terrifying
la flu once upon new ideas everywhere.
Whoever whispers revolution now must be
a secret bolshevik.
This has been curiously revealed by an at
tack n Robert Whittler, an actor-manager in
New York, who has revived Ibsen's drama, "An
Snemy of the People," in which be plays the
V principal role.
5y Two anti-revolutionary New Yorkers have
Just been fined $10 each in the police court.
because they gave Whittler a black eye and
otherwise marked their disapproval of the
play's denunciation of middle-class conserva
tism. " Mr. Whittler has received, also, anonymous
letters and telephone calls, threatening his lite
sad calling him an agent of soviet Russia.
i ,. And yet, the poor actor's oftense is no more
than this: He takes the jrt of Dr. Stockmann,
Who has discovered that the medicinal baths
Which arc making the fortune of Ms native
Norwegian town have become polluted. When
the doctor declares the baths must be repaired
to prevent , the spread of contamination, he is
cheered by the people. But when it becomes
erident that therepairs will require an in
creased local tax rate for everybody to pay, he
is reviled and called an enemy of the people.
- Lr, stockmann thereupon denounces the
middle lass, the compact majority. Heasserts
tries. Marcus Garrey, the organizer of the
movement and apparently the foremost negro
leader of the present day, aroused great en
thusiasm with the slogan of "Africa for Afri
cans," and his eloquent appeals to create a
united Africa as the black man's continent
free from all foreign domination.
In view of this ambition, the proposal to
establish a fleet of Black Star liners is espe
cially interesting: What wll those liners do?
Chrry negroes from America to Africa, in fur
therance of the new racial movement? With
Liberia perhaps as the immediate goal, and the
future capital of the dark continent?
disease thereare thousands of per
sona with heart disease who do
manage to maintain fair health aad
live a long life of usefulness. In
deed, premature or asdden deatla
is as likely to come to a healthy
Frederic Haokin's Letter
;s v
Methods in Campaigns.
Washington, D. C Sept Is.'
The management of a national
campaign is-a matter of business
as well ms politics. Some of the
most successful managers to the
individual as it iskto come to one;faUonaU as, well as in local poli-
muscular efficiency. To ; assume
that one 'has some heart trouble
because a "murmur" has been-heard
therefore would be wrong.' ....
' Valvular disease in children (so.
often developing as- a result of neg
lect in sort throat, tonsil! tis and
the like and from neglect of decay
ed teeth) offers a less hopeful out
look than in the case of adults. In
the child the factor of growth adds
gravity to the case. But if the af
fected hild has the advantage of
careful medical supervision, he
may sustain his' handicap well and
ultimately arrive at - permanent
comoensation. mich means his
.heart will in time become capable
or maintaining an efficient circula
tion under all ordinary demands.
h Women bear heart disease better
than men and: are more likely tm
maintain good compensation. The!
influence of pregnancy and child
birth has been too much exagger
ated; as a rule the woman with
heart disease passes through these
events unharmed. Surgical inter
ference on the ground of heart dis
ease -is more likely to prove disas
trous to the woman than nature's
own way.
Heart muscle lesions (myocardi
tis, fatty degeneration and other
With Other Editors
' See Us Grow.
(Davenport Democrat). 1
From St Louis to St Paul, or from Chi
cago to Omaha, you will find no center of popu
lation of 166,172 people such as you will find
here in the tri-clties, right in the middle of
two counties of that population. In the wide
territory mentioned, there are a few cities
larger than Davenport; but nowhere is there
a community as large as the three cities and
their, environs, with this population of upward
of 166,000.
Rock Island county is to be congratulated
ou its 92,297 people, and Scott county on its
7S.875. With the two large cities of Rock Is
land and Moline, it is natural for the county
across the river to have made the largest gain,
although Davenport's 36 per cent gain is-the
largest proportionately of the three cities.
There are honors enough to go round. We may
be glad that all three cities and their neigh
bors of Bettendorf and East Moline, as well as
both counties, show such fine gains, and that
we live in. such a growing and flourishing
community.
All the Comforts of HelL as It Were.
(From the Sherrard 3ulletin).
New Windsor people are interested
not only in having good and comfortable
homes while they are, living but they are
providing also for a respectable resting -place
after they nave crossed the River
Styx. ' , . .
- WHO was it sprung that "splendid isola
tion" phrase? It's beginning to appeal to us.
There are times when we are concocting this
Colyum of Contraband that we feel a little iso
lation WOULD be perfectly splendid.
WelL Perhaps Every Little Letter Has
a Meaning All Its Own,
F. H. Poppen has just completed the
painting of the buildings on his farm 12
miles northwest of DeSmet and has giv
en the place the name of Ridge View
armjmRfHRDL.
"LINCOLN COUPLE STEALS MARCH:
QUIETLY WEDDED." Illinois State Register.
They stole wedding march, perhaps, and
the organist "couldn't play without her music."
s
, Add Horrors of Primary Election.
(Bushnell-'Corr.. Galesburg Republican- '
' . '. Register).
Wednesday will be primary election
day and as I am on the election board
i in precinct No. 2. I will be unable to
, send in my letter for that day, and from
the looks of the number of names on the
respective tickets may be compelled to
be late on the Job and only be able to
- give the vote of Bushnell antf other'
towns in detail; however will do the best
lean.
' ONE of the communist leaders in Italian
workmen's seizure of industrial plants is
named Signor Parodi. His song of communism
can't, of course, be the real thing.
N Lines Written laUfae Composing Room.
"My kingdom for a horse," King Richard cried:
By which, we Judge, he feared approaching
Hnnm
His plight was sad, but gosh! he never tried
To write ajrerse in the composing room!
muak inaianapoiis a bun charged a man
intent on goring him. A small boy is alleged
to have thrown a brick which struck the bull
between the eyes, killingUheianimal instantlys
woicn proves, u n proves anytning, mat bricks
are more effective than bull.
"WHOSE teeth," asfig Secretary Baker, "is
the senator going to put into The Hague tri
bunal?" OUR guess is the w. k. hen's teeth.
" v-. , ' R. E. M'G.
generally supposed, most of the
victims never realize that their im
paired health is due to heart dis
ease, and when- death does come
it is generally due to some inter
current or accidental cause not as
sociated, with the heart trouble.
who. though not quits broken down,
learns accidentally that ho has
heart-disease and listens , to the
cotftsel of the doctor who has suds
the diagnosis. -
HUESTIOHg AHD A58WEB8.
The raptvltoMo Tntb.
Recently I tried some . . . that
is guaranteed to permanently de
stroy growths of superfluous hair.
It brought out an alarming rashon
my skin. It did dissolve off tin
hair,4ut now the hair is heavier
than ever. Please tell me some
thing which is warranted to-destroy
the hair permanently.
E. M. K.
Answer All chemicals or medic
inal preparations purporting to de
stroy superfluous hair sail under
false colors, for of course no such
substance exists. The electric
needle applied by a physician, and.
except for the face, X-Ray treat
ment, are the only known agents
which destroy hair, a safety razor
is as efficient and less irritating,
than any chemical depilatory.
Shaving, indeed, does not stimulate
such vigorous growth of the hair
as the chemicals commonly used as
depilatories do. Women and girls
should not attempt to remove the
One downy hairs that cover every
skin. si. 1 -
Chewtof Tebaceo.
In a recent article you said: "Yet
I do not believe that a very moder
ate use of tobacco by grown men is
always harmful. This presumably
referred to smoking, but. at least
one man interprets it a referring
to tobacco chewing also. To my
mind tobacco chewing can have no
defense. It is on a par with betel
nut chewing by the Malay savage.
, D. M.
Answet A man lacks the most
elementary sense of cleanliness or
decency when he chews tobacco.
It may be said also of valvular j For poisonous action and Injury to
disease, that the individual so j health, chewing is much worse than
handicapped is not likely to die of smoking. .
heart disease, provided he has been i Bsrteraulk Versus Whole Milk.
told of his handicap and heeds the I A insists buttermilk is fattening,
advice of his physician as to his B holds that it is not since the
mode of living and habits. I cream or fat has been .removed to
Every day a large number of make the butter. Which is right?
people succumb suddenly while rid-; F. M. C.
ing in automobiles, and yet rarely
does anybody worry if he finds him
self in possession of a car. We
hear frequently of sudden deaths
ascribed to heart disease and mos(
of these are very bad-guesses of
very incompetent coroners but let
us bear in mind that for every fa
tality, really attributable to heart
Answer Buttermilk is just half
as nourishing as-whole milk (fresh
milk). Of course the removal of
the fat Which goes to make the but
ter cuts down the nutritive value
one-half. Yet ounce for ounce,
buttermilk is as nutritious as lob
ster or string beans or beef soup
or clam chowder.
What's In A Name?
(Oowrirht. 1919, by Uw Whwlar STwHcate. be.) ,
I
"H0S0BA. -Charming
in sound and admir
able in significance is-Honoria or
Honora, as it is most generally
known today. It comes originally
from the Latin "honos" or "honor,"
that quality which the Roman sol
dier most esteemed. , Honor was a
Roman diety.'in fact Honorius
was the name given to the Spanish
father of the great Theodosius; it
also named his imbecile grandson.
the last genuine Roman emperor,
and was inherited 'by. his niece,
Justa Grata Honors, who proved
unworthy of her three illustrious
names.
- Hororine was a Neustrian maiden
slain in a Danish invasion and re
garded as a martyr. Her name
prevails in France and Germany.
Ireland has made it a favorite, con
tracting it generally to Norah. -
France calls it Honore and has
so named a suburb of Paris. .In
England Honoria is the accepted
form and the latter has attained
some vogue in this country, though
Honors is preferable and in more
general usage.
. The beryl is Honora'a talismanic
stane. It is believed to bring her
victory in her undertakings and. has
peculiar power to reawaken sen
timent in the heart of an admirer.
Thursday is her lucky day and 4
her lucky number.
ntgll PML SllOEf
HABB0R LIGHTS.
By Nora Ter Meulen. "
(Copyright 1920. by Wheeler
- ' :'-' Syndicate, Inc.)
. Jim Lane pushed his dory off the
dock, gathered up bis oars, and
lastly turning the boat around,
made with slow, even strokes for
the rocky promontories, which
guarded the entrance to the har
bor. .A row of 10 minutes brought
htm away from' the line of dancing
yawls and - catboats, ' the stately
schooners and gay yachts which
studded the harbor, and full into
view Of the broad expanse of the
oeecn. - . x
The day was warm and muggy,
but off the ocean a fitful wind was
blowing. The water was calm. Oc
casionally a long swelling wave
rolled 'jgver the rocks near the
shore. "Jim rested on his oars, aad
looked out over the miles of blue.
The scene was lovely enough, but
Jim's eyes were clouded, and in his
mind was a very different picture
from the one actually before him.
It had happened only the night
before. Ruby Lane, his cousin
the girl he had played with, and
loved all his life, the girl he bad
been so sure of making bis wife,
now that he had a good position,
v and could support her Ruby, with-
existence, had calmly told him that
ho didn't carefc? him in "that
way." aad didnt believe in cousins
aurrying. " ...
Jim bad thought it all, over to
igbt. U was Richard Derrick.
r oaurss. He bad always
y arottmd Baby. vJJs was
of those swell dressers that girls
always lose their heads over. As there, as he had thought! It was
was a landing. Another boat was
soft spoken, good for nothing chap.
Ruby would be a fool to marry him.
He smarted witbUbe pain of her re
fusal, and thought bitterly of re-!
venge. r
All that long summer day, Jim
drifted about the entrance to the
harbor, pushing into little coves
and rounding the little islands that
dotted the landscape. Xfew peo
ple were-picnicking on tbe rocks.
Jim could see them from the dory
aad out on a little Island he could
descry two figures sitting close to
gether. Something familiar in the
aspect of these two figures caused
Jim to guide his boat in that direc
tion. In a moment a red hat flash
ed upon bis view. He pat bis hands
before his eyes, the better to see.
Ah. it was Ruby! And that tall,
thin figure with' her, Richard, of
course! nearer.
the work of a minute to untie the
little boat, fasten tbe rope to bis
stern, and settle quietly out of the
cove again. Once out in the ocean,
he untied the boat and set it adrift!
Then making a wide detour he beat
all his energies to reach home be
fore the storm.
The tide was coming in, and al
though the little island waa not cov
ered by the tide, Jim knew that the
waves washed her well in a storm,
and anyone there would get a thor
ough drenching and a good scare.
Jim smiled grimly to himself.
The storm was rapidly approach
ing. . Gusts of wind ruffled the calm
waters. The little boats ahead
tossed uneasily. One small patch
or sunlight hung over the east He
hurried on. In the distance long
rolls of thunder seemed 'to swell
He did not glance back at
Jim angrily turned the boat the island, he knew the black
around, and for the first time, Bo-1 clouds were alreadf hanging over
deed a dark bank of clouds rising jit
from the west A Storm was com-1 Suddenly the wster seemed to
ing. and soon! His first impulse ; rise under him. A convulsive swell
wss to make focthe harbor and i shook his little boat A few feet
home. Then a sadden thought ; more and he would be at the dock,
struck him. Auickly he gathered i Great drops of rain began to toU-
up the oars, and with an energy and iA sharp peal of thunder seemed to
hsste he had not displayed before, rgive him added strength. With on
made tor the open sea. Quickly he j great sweep of the oars he palled
rowed and in ft few moments was
on a level with, the little island.
Now he slowed down aad making as
little noise as possible, steered
around tar tke farther aide. The
two figures oa toe rocks were too
so toe
teaotlee
qatcuy st
the boat to the wharf. In an la
stant a blinding sheet of rain shut It's queer how sack a sensible girl
rat everything from his vicwjaa Ruby could have been so care-
Groping his way up the narrow less as to leave a boat untied, isnt
want ne reacnea a wooden doorwar. i it?
aad tmrst tnto a little abos. A few I "You cant tell what monla will
He 'want i oeosle v were - asthared then for do when tber are in lore.1 saM Jim.
vbas there aaaltor liko lOaasalL - .grimly.
"Some storm," said one of them
as Jim shook off his dripping coat
"Shouldn't like to be caught out
in this squall," said another.
Great hailstones were beatlne
against the windows. The thunder
rumbled continuously, the. entire
harbor wa shut-out of view
In that brief but terrific, stnrm
ships were torn from, their ntnnr.
ingsv and windows of houses were
oroken,
Argus Information Bureau
j
. (Any leader ess st lbs answer to aw aamka by writtat The Aisus Iafaa
Hon Bonau. Fraderie J. Hukln. Director. WMBlnfton. C. Givt fall Barn and
nddna ud endow; twe-crnt ctomp for return poMac. Bt brill. AU taqulrlM an
confidential, the replies beinc eent direct to each IndiTidaeC So ettentteo vUl li
pau to aooojnwu. wmei. ,
To settle an argument, on
O. To settle an
which syllable should the name
"Fatima" be accented? E. B. D.
A. The accent is on the first
syllable, two pronunciations being
given: Fat-i-ma or Fah-te-ma. ,
Q. What is Jet? S. B.
A. The geological survey says
that Jet is a dense black lignite
which takes a good polish.
Q. Can a soldier buy out of the
service? G- M- V.
A. According to military regu
lations recently reestablished? it is
possible for a man to purchase his
discharge from the service. In or
der to do so. he must be able to
prove that he is urgently needed
at home and that he will' be of
more service to the country if dis
charged than ft remaining. When
such a discharge is desired a man
must make application-to his im
mediate commanding oncer, siat
W the details of the case.
but Jim Lane stood eafal r tJaw tiierh a mlnmn nf water
and soand in the snug little shop 1 18 required to exert a pound pres-
sure per square tncnT
by the wharf. In half an. hour it
was over. The sun shone brilliant
ly. The sky was clear and blue.
Only the "torn riggings, and- a
bleached yawl were there to tell of
the disaster. Jim suddenly felt
very faint and realized that he had
eaten nothing that day. He walked
slowly home.
" About an hour after the storm.
Captain Grey of the "Blonde" a
small motor launch, came in with-
two dripping and exhausted figures.
Ruhjr, Lane openea her eye Just
long enough to tell her mother that
she was engaged to Richard Der-
ncK ana ucn lorasys she lay in a
feverish stupor. -.
- "Ruby caught a terrible cold theJ
aay. sue was caught on that Island
witn Richard, said Jim's mother to
him one day. "The doctor says as
she will always be delicate for it
A. A column or water snout two
and one-third feet high is neces
sary to exert a pound pressure pe
square men.
O. Which damages a road more,
automobiles and loaded trucks or
i i.j . .
wagons ana itwivu wagvusi
' J. E. R.
A. The bureau of public roads
says that automobiles and loaded
trucks cause more damage to roads
than waeons and loaded wagons.
Q. What is the meaning of the
words "Ku-Klux" and from what
language are-they derived?
' ' D. W. A. .
A. This explanation is given!
At the first meeting of this organ
ization in UCfi, a name was sug
gested. "Ku Klol," from the Greek
"kuplos." meaning' a band or cir
cle. ' Someone called out, "Call it
Ku Klux." whereupon a man re
marked, "that sounds like "Cocletx.'
our old society wss .called tbe
Lost Clan of Coeletx.'" The Co
clets Indians were a elan; not a
tribe, that had existed some 200
years prevteualvv The same was
adowted. v
Q. What county is St Louis. Mo..
W7 C. G.
A. Tbe postoffice department
says that St Louis, Mo., is not in
any county. Tiie ciiy government
executes both municipal and county
functions for the territory it occu
pies, and it always bus tione so.
Q. What dressing should be used
on leather chairs? ' b. C.
A. -Chairs and co'uncher uphols
tered in leather will last much
longer It the following mixture is
applied ence a month: One part
good v.negar, two parts boiled lin
seed ou. fcuaht thoroughly to
gether. Apply a Htt'e on a soft ras
mi ponsn wun t sua Muster, or a
piece . f thainois. This cleanses
and softens tbe leather: it is also
a good polit-h tor the word.
KB
Q. How long does it take for the
soft spot on a baby's bead to disap
pear 7 o. O. C.
A. There are usually four such
spots dia.ternible on thi' skull of a
newly born infant All l m the
anteripi cr great fontanel close
within a few months. This closes
about one year after birth, jut In
sum 3 cases persists during the sec
ond jeai.
Q. What do tbe small letters on
coins stand for? A. J. W.
A. The initials on coins are eith
er mint marks or the initials of the
designer of the coin. The mint
marks of various mints are as fol
lows: New Orleans, o; San Fran
cisco, s; Denver, d. Coins made at
the Philadelphia mint are the distin
guished by the tact that they bear
no mint mark.
Q. Where do oysters known as
Bine Points, get Ur itnte?
A. They are named ' for Blue
Point New York, the southern ex
tremity of Patchogue Bay, Long Is
land, which is famoju for its oys
ter beds. The name is now used
to designate tke small, delicately
lavosed oysters, whether native or
tics, have been men who won their
fspurs to commercial affairs long
before they took aa interest in
things political. , Mark Hanna is a
notable example. Prior to 18s tie
was looked upon as a successful
business man rather than as a pol
itician, yet when he entered the
field jk politics Hanna was able to
defeat such veterans as Jos Man-
ley of Maine, Piatt of New York,
Quay of Pennsylvania and Clark-
son of Iowa, What has been said
of Hsnna is also true in the case
of William F. Harrity. who was
chairman of the Democratic na
tional committee in 1892. Hd was
known as Sybusineas man rather
a politician. Many thought
that Mr. Roosevelt made a mistake
in 104 when he named George B.
Cortelyou as head of the national
committee, for the latter had no
experience in the game of politics.
his work having been confined en
tirely to business and tbe govern
ment service. But Cortelyou was
a success.
That the head of the national
committee is a ticklish position
goes, without saying. The chair
man is ofttimes blamed for results
quite beyond his control. A case
In point is that of Senator Carter
of Montana, who headed the Re
publican National - committee In
1892, a year in which the tide had
turned so strongly to the Demo
crats that the best of politicians
could never have diverted it
Tbe problem of success in the
management of national campaigns
is divided into' three parts how to
hold the vote of the rank and file
of tire party and arouse their en
thusiasm for the ticket; how to
convert voters. 'from the other 'side
as well as the greaVmass of inde
pendents, and how toMake advan
tage of tbe mistakes the other side
Is liable to make.
A Costly Error.
The most, costly mistake that
any party manager, was able to
take advantage of was In the cam
paign of 1884, when James G.
Blaine, in reply to the greeting of
the ministers, did .not immediately
repudiate the speech of Dr. Burch-
ard, characterizing the Democratic
party as one of Rum, Romanism
and Rebellion, It is true that the
plumed Knight did so later on, but
not before the Democratic mana
gers had flooded the country with
copies of the Burchard speech, by
which time it was too late. To take
advantage of the utterance of Gen
eral Hancock characterizing the
tariff as a local issue' helped to
bring about bis defeat
There are three ways of attain
ing the results. The first In
through mass meetings. Most lead
ers claim that their value is lim
ited to the arousing of enthusiasm
of . the rank and file, that mass
meetings ds not as a rule make
votes. As evidence, it is pointed
out that Mr. Bryan in his cam
paigns had large ant enthusiastic
audiences, many people coming to
hear his oratory, although deter
mined not to vote tor him. The : Ham
second is through the distribution
of campaign literature.. This means
the speeches of party leaders, leaf
lets on the issues and badges and
"buttons with the party emblem
and portraits and the names of the
candidates. The third Is the inser
tion of articles and editorials In
the daily and weekly newspapers
throughout the country. This is
one of the most important and
highly effectivvmethods. Much at
tention is paid to it by party man
agers. It came into vogue when
the - tariff was an issue back in
1888. The controversy over free
raw materials was then on. Both
sides began to send the press arti-.
cles on this subject and then on
other issues.
Getting the Dope.
Tbe national committee is aided
In its evork'by a campaign or ex
ecutive committee. The informa
tion on which the campaign is con
ducted comes from two sources.
First, from the managers them
selves and those close to them po
litically. As they are from every!
section of the country their knowl
edge collectively covers the 'entire
field. It may be. stated as a gen
eral proposition that each manager
is presumed to be in charge of the
Uon as to local eonditlout & L.r
ed from the heads of local orT "
isations. ; ?v'
During the campaign. at jm
however. Chairman Johnson afrS '
Democratic executive cobimZ
revived the idea of having a trS '
representative In every elect'
precinct throughout th. .ui
States. Abram S. Hewitt orK?
edit He did it to the canMsiarf
187 when managing the atnaZ1
of Samuel J. Tilden for preside?
Mr. Hewitt had two sets of btaaki
prepared for every election
cinct One was a preliminary
other a final canvass of voteY'Tht
experiment, however, was not av
tirely successful. For the im
was found to be too voluminous ti'
the national committee to assar
take, hence the latter body eaatb'
ue9 to depend upon the state sr.
ganisation for news as to the site
nation. Chairman Harrity did m '
to a great extent in the campsite.'
of 1892. That year the infonnttist
received by him was secant,;
enough to enable a calcalatfea
coming within two of the electoral'
votes that G rover Cleveland rl"
ceivsd.
Three Kinds ef States.
Fb campaign purposes thestitat
are divided into two classes. Tst
first are those that are doubtful,
with chances favoring the ticket'
Much attention is concentrated oi '
this class. There is usually eat,
and somejtimes even more than est',
member of the campaign commit,
tee doing nothing but attending
the campaign In each such sttta .
In the days prior to election re
ports several times a day are re
ceived. The second class is of
those that are doubtful, thoigt
more apt to be carried j the op
position. - The press bureau is usually com
posed of two sets of men. Pint
those .who do, nothing but read tat
newspapers and magaslnes n
search of campaign material. Tats
work is both important and labst-
ious. Tbe second class is of tst
men who write the articles teat
out for publication by the burets.
During the campaign of 1900 the
Republican headquarters in Csi-
lcago bad seven men in its prtts
("bureau. Five were readers, while
two got up the articles. The con-
try weeklies get this matter in the
shape ef patent insides the coun
try dailies as stereotyped stuaV
while proof sheets are mailed to.
thi more important papers and are
apt to undergo extensive revlsloa
prior to publication. During the
1900 campaign a list of country pa
pers with a circulation of 165.M0
received.from one side three and a'
half columns of matter every week;)
another with a circulation of a.
million received plate matter.
Statements were also supplied to
three special classes of country
daily and weekly papers, their
combined circulation being in the
neighborhood of three million. The
most difficult papers to get matter
into are those independent in poli-:
tics. They are particularly dealr- 3'
able as mediums and special mat- i
ter of a higher class is usually,
prepared for them. .During 'one ef
the Bryan campaigns, the latt Mb
,rat Halstead, Republican, and Wil
liam I Ahhntt. liemocrat. euKKeu
in a debate in the columns of the
. 1 e.Il. 1
Kansas City star, a paper nueiuw
to the Nebraskan.
The Party Bibles.
Most of the literature is wrltttn, ,
around the campaign text book
which both sides usually get oat
after the letter of acceptance Is
made public The text book is not
intended for general circulation.
It is more of a guide for the var
ious committees and spell-blndtn. a
- . . .. k. MIB.
Tne DOOK, nowever, may u r
chased Dy anyone, uunng uie
paign of 1898 Mark Hanna sent out,
campaign literature prior to th
publication -of the text book, but
that was because he was fearful pt,
the influence of "Coin's Financislj
School" on the voter in the westl
That year two hundred millwai
documents were distributed by the.
Republican campaign commitU.i
They 'were printed in English,,
French, German, Spanish. Italltn,
Swedish, Norwegtan. Finnish, Dutch
and' Hebrew. Over two mliuoa
copie's of the letter of acceptance:
of President McKlniey were
trinuiea. ...
The noster has come to be a sif
factor in every campaign. The Mj
publicans circulated five hundres
in th ramn&ien of 1896. Severn
tne I in lue vamiwfe" "l - .
campaign in his territory. -The 'cartoons by Homer eau,T"Z
second source of information is the
chairmen of the varloua state com
mittees, i They are supposed to be
continually keeping the national
managers posted. Their informs-
1
Thnmaa Nast have Deen
used by campaign committees.
All of these methods may bsex
pected to crop up in the preMM
campaign. v '
Home
ELIZABETH THOMPSON
Dear Mrs. Thompson:. I am real
anxious to meet some nice widow
er, with one or two children pre
ferred.. I am- a widow with no
children. There are so many moth
erless children who need the moth
er's care and training. Can you
help me out? , LONELY.
No, I cannot help you out My
column is not a matrimonial agen
cy. If I began the practice of ex
changing names and addresses;
much trouble would result My
column is, therefore, merely for the
purpose of giving advice.' ,
About the only medium a woman
has for meeting men is to attend
church.
Dear Mrs. Thompson: When you
are at a nance, what should you
say If you do not cars to dance?
Also, what would yousay if you
are learning, and sever bate been
on the floor before but nrant to go
on? , THANK YOU.
Say "Thank you," and then
make your excuse. If you are not
dancing at all. tell him so. Or if
you are tired and want to sit out
that, particular dams, aay so.
If vou want In it m the floor.
transplanted, which are taken off but have never done so before, toll
wfco -asks jou that
too southern abort of Long fd tht yoaag
you would like to dance but are
afraid to try it If be cares to
dance with you pnder the clrcam
stances, he will say so.
Dear Mrs. Thompson: I wool
be very much pleased if yon wonw
give me the name or address
some reliable firm from which
would prefer children's or womet
every-day 61othes or any kind
plain sewing. THANK YOU.
Firms do not make a practice
sending out Sewing. It is done
the factory or in alteration rooms
I doubt very much if yon could g
work such as you desire. The w
thln fnr von to do is to sdvertW"
for work, po.a sign on your house,
or call at-wfferent homes and ts
if you can get sewing to take bom.
You Would probably find the u
way the best
Dear Mrs. Thompson: 1 ajn a
girl 22 years old. I have W
friend, but he isn't well sad w
cant work. What would yoo o
vise me to do? THANK YOU
You and your mother might eau
st his borne and express yeur sym
pathy. If his condition is of a per
manent nature give up all thoapv
of marrying aim.
A.

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