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77:ZZ2Y7Z2 rXCS-CLAKD AnOXJ3Sr?TE!JC 29, 1920. daily union 4- iMhlu.. -v r'- .1 teal T s iKMfiatoi ft-t. 13 IW MAM Aaas a.BaTetr WBM.W "n aa eemiaawaaaaaLawFatt saws aaapaaewae awwa aeibUawaS lawwlav. ' . t?ii Press towt jln BeferV "" "! , JL Ifamha AaaMa BnraaUa eat 4.1 Official Paper City C ftxk Wul ua at r.aaa. CM flrOt WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER M, MM. treat The Ana at Bank Tk. Atrmm WlU hili i I -t mwiww Maeel rrar fee u4 taaa t IM MMI eea Hi UH wnni weuare. Y, tbs country 1a getting over, the silk ahlrt craze. v 1 Things that are laid cause more regrets than the unsaid. HCItC UCS MAMS ANCIENT CMY, WHO DISINTERS THE VNkOVf O CUSS, s - .--":..-...!:. ' - i' BEWARC! This Cleveland pitcher, Mails, seems to have a special delivery.' -'. t v ". ,, ' .,' .' j" i" ' An apartment house tenant in Chicago must feel that he Is living within bis income. ape fifcas to drire the "den OmoMT tnm tfcsv stctvmso, Jfow. It aeema, they hot k relieve tke kowiag sitoattoa fey snfcch yell tag and caUlag of Bases. . . ,7 Scraps of Paper. The president to authorised aid directed to abrogate eodmereial tieatiee with U. poeslWy 2Si-nations. PracUcally be is compelled, to treat as scraps of paper treaties entered Into by tlalr covjatry with all tbe world. including Gipot Britain, apaa,. China and all Soutb Asericaa nations. : - All this to dtre, partly to clause U of the Jonea alt, and a provision hitherto unused of tbe Underwood tariff act ' i , The Uadenpood tariff law imposes a 10 per cent tariff duty on goods brought In vessels of all countries that do not bare trade reciprocity treaties with tbe United States. ; This provision bow is inoperative because all countries save such treaties. -Clause 34, though, makes scraps of paper "of tnsee treaties. Tbap-done, tbe 10 percent duty must be paid by cargoes carried on -foreign' snipe. O This decidedly favors . American vessels. But-.1.. ; f,,i'- f - ;'v :' You don't suppose for a minute that Japan, Creat Britain, France or any other power is going to stand for it, do you? They are not going to let American shipowners kill their shipping, are they? Rot so you will be able W notice" it ' ;": 1 The United States may tax foreign boats over here, and they will tax American ships over there.. What tbe American marine gains on this side it will lose on the other, and more, t0- l THE ellme of crooked dealing-bas soiled It will lose good-will abroad and draw upon I the onca dazzlinr robes of the no-called irrat itself the concentrated opposition, of all other American game. Tennis and golf may remain nations , free from it and one feels reasonably sure the '- , ... . Resolute-Shamrock affair was untainted- But Probably the most needful thing for con- day the name ;f tne cre&t American game gress to do at its .next session is to undo what Mem, t be "bunk" and the- players' slogan, it did at its last as regards maritime discrial- "Boys7xet the money!" - I inatlon and subsidy. ' . A PUZZLE BOLTED. .Tbe men are prone to wonder why . ' " The maids do thus and so.. When happiest faey always cry . Tbe reason wa would ksow. Another thing thatV-etrange to see: When grief in them holds sway -' Tls then their laughter bubbles free . Jiow DO they get that wv'r i A mouse will make a woman bolt And climb upon the sink; Next day sbeHI band a short-arm jolt . To- some JlirUtleus gink. With ev'ry outward show of bliss, All smiling and elate. Shell grqet aaotber with a kiss And one she fairly hates! But on one point let me announce ' My wonder is dispersed: ' ' I think I know Just why she mounts A street car left foot first Perhaps 'tis one of nature's laws 'Haps not: but honor bright! In my opinion tie because She has a perfect right! t- . STffO eV AUTWr ijnnrruijiiniTniTiiitT I A bandit doesn't care because the days are becoming shorter. The nights are getting longer. . , - The pricS of cabbage baa fallen 41 per cent ao It's almost too plebian a companion for corned beef. Maybe coal miners strike for the same ia- con the consumers would like to; because they are tired of digging. ... Junk dealers have decided to call them selves "waste material dealers." Yet garbage men, if called "handlers of matter out of place," will smell no sweeter. ' - f v It is believed that the aurora borealis has the effect on home-brewed beer, weakening it, but generally when a man can see the aurora borealis, it is a sign that the home brew is all right , - . , i ; The Tri-Clty Railway company, showed by I Its petition to the Illinois public utilities com- miSFlon yesterday, that it not only seeks a straight 10-cent fare with 6 cents for -children on its lines on this Bide of the river but the installation of the one man car as well and tils in the face of a well defined public pro test and its announced 'purpose not to push this abomination. Is there anything else the trac tion corporation thinks about, ''that it would like? . ' I 'Cj The Remedy. 1 Speaking of the housing situation, a New : Ycrk financial review Eays: "Most of out ef- i forts have been directed at profiteering land lords, and, while .this policy meets with the approval of an exasperated community, It must I be admitted tirat penalties and fines and re- prisals do not add to this number of bouses, i Committees have been appointed and have sent I lu Reports, but rents keep on soaring and the I housing shortage grows apace." . High, rents are merely the result, the fruit, of the house shortage. The remedy is more 't Jiouees. J The Chicago Real Estate board places the t lame for this house shortage upon the stead t Hy mounting prices of building materials and labor. The former increased 210 per cen i Bince 1914; labor wtent up 110 per cent ij Canada has done something more -than in , Testigate. The Dominion loaned 125,000,000 to tbe provinces for house building. Loans are made to-building associations agreeing to (erect homes at a dividend profit not exceeding ;Jb per ent"' " ' f Once people were given to the pounding i' . ' Hie Baseball Shame. The revelations in the Cook county grand jury investigation in Chicago of the scandal, involving the throwing of the world champion ship between thy Chicago White Sox and the Cincinnati Reds a year ago, make the average follower of the game sick at heart y"' Baseball Has been regarded all along as the cleanest of outdoor sports, because It was re garded as without taint and on the square. It was not thought that the gambling element which had wrecked ligitimate horse racing, and had "fixed" prize fighting, had been able to -contaminate the great American game. But the professional gambler got in on the world series in 1910, and tie struck his cruel blow at the machine of the noblest of baseball crganizerg and leaders of all time Charles Ccmiskey, owner of the Chicago American league franchise and team. - Baseball has been to Comiskey his lifework, bis labor of love, to which1 he has devoted all his years, all bis talents, and all his resources. He'has spared nothing to give his city a ball club of which, it, could be proud. And he baa been good to bis players. Having been one himself, - bis sym pathies were with them. He helped and en couraged them, stood by them and paid them well. ' ' - - This is his pay. 4 - ; The eight stars f Mr. Comiskey's aggrega tion indicted for conspiracy to commit an illegal -act, and hence under suspension, have cot only shown themselves guilty of treason, treachery and betrayal, but the worst of all, iiigrates as well. They have bitten the band that fed, disgraced the uniforms of which Mr. Comiskey was proud, and have double crossed their teammates who are honest, and on the square, and defrauded the army of patrons of the game. They are crooks of the most aban doned and degraded class, tools of professional crooks, who are the curse of every honorable sport ' ! Ostracism of the band coconspirators who have been shown 'up in this proceeding will not be sufficient to. rid the game of the effect of the disclosures. The players should be dealt with by criminal process, and made to suffer for their outrageous conduct and gam bling should be made a penal offense all over the land. . " Here In Rock Island the influence of the rambler in the game, even Dr tbe Three-Eye league, was disclosed the past; season in the baseball pools that were allowed to be con ducted. It is ript too soon to take stps to stamp this evil out the coming year and the lecal association should take steps to see that it is not again tolerated. The cooperation of the state's attorney and the police authorities should be asked to tbe attainment of this end. A, Very Fine Idea Excellent, 1b Fact (Beatrice Fairfax). The world would be an altogether more comfortable place if we all got into the habit of waiting to offer advice until some sign is made that it's going tovbe "welcome. To put it crassly and straight from the shoulder, isn't it a fine idea fpr folks to mind their own business not once in a while, but just about all of tbe time? ,n y . A LONDON correspondent -writes that Eng lishmen refuse to buy the American coat-shirt. The Briton wants a shirt he -"can get into." Why doesn't he put it on as he does Jbis coat? Because t Jolly welj isn't done, y'know. Bat Bill Doesn't Use Tact; He Uses Totesi (From the Aledo Democrat). Concerted and insistent attack on - Thompson has been assiduously pursued ' ev;r since early in the mayor's public career. In. the face of it, the strength, of the faction which he represents and heads has been steadily increasing. He has been successful n every undertak ing upon which he has embarked. It would seem time to try a new tact IF our Aledo contemporary is desirous of making it hot for Bigbill, we suggest he enlist theemces of John Hades, of St. Louis. John we imagine, would simply give Bill well, you Know w Hat we mean. . - - ,' Hoosier Proofreader, Brother! (From the Milan Independent). An Indian journalist who 50 years aeo was a good roads advocate once wrote of a now well known and, modernized thoroughfare: . . . . ,A . "This , road is not -passable. - ' Not even Jackassable, ' And those who would travel it Must Jurn out and gravel It" GIRL sympathizers with the Sinn Fein re cently paraded New York street carrying pla cards bearing the lines: "And shall MaeSwinev die? -And shall MacSwiney die? There's sev eral million Irishmen will know the reason why." As the 47th day of his hunger strike comes to an end Several million more must be wondering why he doesnt Jfot Knocking tbe Kegular Sinister. (South Pekin Corr., Peoria Star). Rev. R. McLaughlin of Peoria will fill the pulpifcthis evening. Come and hear , a sincere speaker. "TUMULTY said President. Wilson directed him to write a letter (we quote the United Fress) which was in answer to E. M. Kw.h of Los Angeles, who wrote . . . that Remib- lican supporters were charging tbat article X binds the United;States to snnnorf P.no-i-n M holding Ireland Swart asked ir the article was not framed ." But to quoU further wuuiu roD us oi excuse lor quoting at all. MORE COMPOSING RQOM LINES. These linea are written verv hnrri,iw r- They're witless, pointless, dull and out of But the makeup "roan demanded That something be supplied to fill this space. WELL, we'd hate to be one of tho giUty Sox. And yet, sometimes our monthly bills make us wish we bad courage enough to be r.ronbAri! r J.X,iBU, Mayor MacSwiney'a danger strike quite aside from the iaflusoee it say bare on. the cause for which ho mad the sacrifice, focuses pop ular attention on the fact that it takes a long, long time to starve a man who is not afraid to die. ' ; It would be an excellent thing for the health of our people if hunger strikes should become epi demic on this side of the water. The average overfed man or un derexercised woman in this coun try has no conception how bene ficial such a strike may be, be cause it just isn't done here in America, not one wee little tiny bit We wouldn't miss our "eats" here for all the. world, much less for Ireland. We really and truly do overwork one muscle, a aft one aione, tne eating muscle. Sued fasted several times for periods of thirty days. Dr. Tanner, tbe American physician, wbo only recently rescind the end of a long life, fasted fori 40 days. Merlatti, ia Paris, tasted'So days. But Succi took some kiad of opiate to over come the pain or distress he felt In the abdomen. Merlatti and Dr: Tanner used only water. ' A man supplied with dry food but no water, can survive only a few days, from three to seven days, according to the atmospheric con dition and tbe juiciness of bis tis sues and his physical activity. In dividuals vary widely in juiciness; some of us aTe pretty dry, high spe cific gravity, while others are low specific gravity, floaters, damp, juicy. - , - i So short a time as 15 years ago American physiologists asserted that in man death occurs in from five to eight days alter total de privation of food, as a general rule, although they were, familiar with tbe remarkable individual feats above mentioned. Even tbe doc tors, up to tbe past decade or so, bad the instinctiVe horror of fast ing tbat pervades the popular mind today. At this very moment a good many . medical authorities on the application of fasting therapeuti cally adhere to a peculiar error of nomenclature when writing or speaking of fasting in this' sense, calling it the "starvation" treat- Frederic Haolxin's Lett V4 ment And. yet they expect patients to submit to hi Fear of starvation, not mere de privation of food, is the cause of the early coIUpaawnicii occurs in cases of Involuntary starvation. This same fear accounts for the disagreeable symptoms which break up many a self-starting therapeutic fast after the first 24 hours. BMP wrecked survivors succumb tp fear and exposure as much as to starva tion. If deprived of water, of course that hastens death. Ex posure to moderate cold also has tens the end, simply because en ergy is ue up in maintaining body warmth.1 1 I shall have more to say on hun ger strikes tomorrow. , Why Set! I do not think you are entirely (consistent in your provincial views of tobacco. You have repeatedly declared tbat women are as strong as men, that members of tbe "cred ulous sex," as you like to call It, are not "delicately organized." Yet you are unable to grant women the privilege of smoking. It a man may smoke, when he is of age, ju3l what is there in the habit tbat is objectionable In a woman? (CJ H. L.) . a . Answer-Hh, I don't know, but somehow I can't maintain admira tion" or respect for. a female who smokes or chews. However, I sup pose a woman is entitled to take a chew of plug if she thinks it looks ail right. r , The Radium Gold Brick. Please give your opinion of the radium treatment described in the circular herewith enclosed. (J. H. D.) Answer Among the miraculous things the fake radium appliance will accomplish, according to the circular, is "strengthening the kid neys" and a lot Qf misleading talk along that line. The public snoum realize that radium is a powerful aeent. that it can't be used as you would use sarsaparilla or vanilla or odorized soap, and that nine out of ten of the curative effects claim ed for alleged "radiumized" nos trums are palpably fraudulent (Copyright, National Newspaper Service, Chicago.) PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGNS, , VII. The Tyior-C-Vaii Burcn Race of Van Bureh and his friends . revenge. . ,N Th. Baltimore convent. L unable to decide between ttlb ter factions, and tlwrefortwL i seat both delegations. givtoiTli vote to each. Both sides 4etuW accept the compromise andjS to vote in the convention- a! Lewis Cass bad been nominuT president and William OrBuiSw vice president, young Dn g"v! Jumped to his. feet to proniSiV ' w. . lull iw in, m making an impassioned What's In . A Name? s-v- - I (CopjrffM. .1919. br th Wheeler SyiHaele. Urn.) ! MILDRED MARSHALL J LUCILLE. Lucille is a poetic name which has come into every day usage in this country. It used to be con-, sidered a diminutive of Lucy, but as1 a matter of fact U is a completely separate name which merely hap pened to spring to fame simulta neously with the shorter and more serviceable appellative. It signifies light coming from Pine Latin word lux. 4 Lucille comes to us through the masculine form evolved from lux. Ancient Britain is said to have had king called, Llewfer Mawr, who was - Latinized into uicius. v is count Falkland brought fame to the " " 1 "- 1 SHOEf ;,STOEY 1 I'm so. name in England and Ireland and in the meantime Lucius was grow ing in popularity in Rome. The Lueillian gens of the plebian order was formed from Lucius and from it arose the name Lucilla. Several Roman empresses bore this name and a saint at Florence was so-called. Lucille is the French, version which was immediately ac cepted by England. Owen Mere dith made the name famous by his poetft of that name. The diamond 13 Lucille's talis manic gA. It will bring her cour age and physical and mental strength. Wednesday is her lucky day and 3 hen lucky, number. Washington, D. C, Sept 26. Once more the Whigs put their faith In a war hero, and for the second and last time they ware victorious. Zachary Taylor waa nominated be cause he was the popular hero of the war with Mexico. H mattered not that he hadever cast a vote in his life and had never taken any in terest in politics. It mattered not that the war in which be won glory and renown was condemned by the Whigs as a crime against civiliza tion. It mattered not that he was a southern slaveholder when north ern Whigs were beginning to battle every day against the extension of slavery. It mattered not that Henry Clar. the leader of th Whirs, acain "wanted the nomination, from his 1 . . . I . psriy. nuuiiDg uiauorea except that the Whigs wanted to win, that they bad won in 1840 with a war hero and an alliterailve slogan, ami that they could do it again. Thus to General Harrison and "Tlppi- 4 canoe and Tyler, too" was added ueneral Taylor and "Old Rough and Ready. These were the only men the Whig party ever put ""-in the White house, and it is remarkable that they are the only two presi dents who have died in office of nat ural causes. But even the hearty attractiveness of General Taylor, the freshness of his war-won laurels, the magic of the memory of Buena Vista, none of these things would-have availed to defeat (he Democrats had ft not been for the factional party fight in New York state, which ultimately resulted in the formation of the Fre Soil Democratic party snd the candidacy of Martin Van Buren for president Van Buren did not carry a single state, but he got a suffi cient number of votes to takp more than one state away from the Demo cratic candidate and give its elec toral vote to General Taylor. The Democratic national conven tion met that year in Baltimore on May 22. The nomination for presi dent was a race between Lewis Cass of Michigan and James Buchanan of Pennsylvania. Cass ' was nom- i inated on the fourth ballot without dpculty-. Bit the great fight in tu convention was not over the nominations; it was upon the status of the two contesting delega tions from New York. The Barn-Burners. There they were, Samuel J. Til- den, later the leader of the national Democracy, as spokesman ani advo cate for the Barn-burners, and Dan- I Argus Information Bureau (Any leader eta get tbe answer to any duration bx writinr The Arrua InfMina. Uon Bureau. Frederic i. Haakin. Director, Wuhington: D. C. GlTet full name an addreat and endow two-cent ttomp lor return pontaf. Be Mel. All laauiriee art confidential, tna replies beinc eent direct to each individual Ho attention will b paid to anonymoua leueraj. Which carries the greater distance, the tone of the trumpet or that of the slide trombone? d, J. A- A. Tbe United States Marine band tays that the sound of a trumpet carries farther than that of a trombone. Q. What are the raw materials for making paper; what kind of naoer Is made of bamboo? v W. A. Jt. A. The foundation or basis of all paper is ' cellulose. This is found in ragB, straw, bark, wood or other fibrous materials. The ossential rjrocesses In the manu facture of paper are the reduction of the raw material to a thin puip; J by jaw t0 accept goid tTOm indi. A MISTAKE. '. By Julia A. Fobinson. ' I (Copyright, 1920, by Wheeler Syn ... j: dicate. Inc.) -4 Marie Bamks was perplexed, yet ; she must decide. JtIark Forbes was , coming in ' the evening, and she itnust give ber answer. She had I begged for time, for she did not know her own heart She liked tHrkY but he was poor. ' All her life she had known the privations (of poverty; how could she marry poor man? Her love was hardly great enough for that If he were v " only rich. t ' , 's Mark came and she gave her an- swer, and It was "no,"" and he went away. .. Years passed, and Marie did not .hear from Mark, did , not even -know where he bad gone, but she t often thought of bim, and wonder- ed did he think of ber? Had he found riches would he ever come 4 back? . - - : I One day a letter came from an sold school friend who had moved llo a distant city, begging hc to come for a visit Marie JoyfuSly 'accepted the invitation. It would . be a change la ber monotonous and j lonely life.. Perhaps she would y find an adventure there. i - Her friend greeted her enthusl lastlcally. "You must have the time lot your life!" she exclaimed. '"I ivrant you to see. everything, and jOjaseetaUmy friends. There's a party "tomorrow evening, glad! and you must go. ' Marie dressed in her prettiest her beart in a flutter. At lasVshe was to see some of the city society. At the party, to her surprise she was introduced to Mr. Forbes in1 troduced as a stranger to her old lover, who seemed to be a favor, its here, sought after by alL It gave her a queer .'sensation. She knew bim at once, but be did not seem to recognize her, and did not in any way refer to the past Well, it he did not care to remember, she. did not care, and she called him, stiffly, "Mr. Forbes." If be wanted to bury the. past, she would, too. He was rich and influential. Oh! If he would Only renew bis old love! She reproached herself bitterly for sending him away. She might have been the wife of thlsJ handsome man, yet she tried to hide her feelings, fearful that she did not succwed. She danced with him . many times, talking lightly, letting him see that she did not mind, and meant to forget too. "You've made a hit,"- said her friend. "Why, Mr, Forbes la tbe biggest catch here, and I'm sure, he likes you." Mr. Forbes came many times In the days and weeks that passed. He took her to ride in his automo bile, showing her the beauties of the place. She wondered if bo would never apeak of the past, or if bis old love would return. She would not say no it he should ask her now. One nright day Marie was sitting alone; her. friend had been called away. Stje looked up and saw Mark comitag up the walk. It re minded her of old-times, be had changed so little, was even hand somer than ever. for a few days. Mark, this is Ma rie." - , She gasped almost swooned. The truth flashed upbrr her This was Mark, her old love and Hor ace? She had never known that Mark had a brother. Which which did she love? 'Mark started back; did not even extend bis band. - w nat's the matterr asked Hor- was poor. She takes you now be cause you are rich. I have money. am ncn too. r. itween a auouai on See now whlr-h t, n v. ;i"Ttionai Forest Reserve? R.B.W, hud wr luuihih r . . . Horace stood aghast Marie 00014 not speak. Her character was re- "I'ra so glad to find you alone! ne cnea. vx want you to come with ace. s me for a sail on the lake." "Matter enough!" sneered Mark. Of course he went with him, I "So tnis ls yr future bride! my and they glided over the water, ! 8l8,ter .that j to be the girl who cnatting. just Deiore tney return-i " """ or jago oecause I ea be told or his love, even then not speaking of the past He would ignore that; well, so would she. "We must drop, formalities now," he said. "Call me Horace." She-started. Horace! -That was his middle name, probably, even the old name must be dropped to leave so link with the past Well, if he wished It it did not matter. If hi did not speak, aha would be silent, too. ... In a flatter of" Joy sf arte an nounced her engagement to . her friend, who was overjoyed. A few days later Horace called, and with him waa another who could it be so much like himself? Was this I want you to know my brother, Marie,"-he said, "your brother that is to be. He hascotae jn visit tho rnnnine of this DUlD upon a flat sieve of fine mesh, which reH tains tbe fibres that Decome ieueu together; and the removal and dry ing of the felt so formed. The successful development of a treat, of, book paper. ment of bamboo fibre makes it available for an excellent quality Q. What is the name given to the application of hot clothes or mois ture for the relief of pain? R. O. A. Fomentation is the general name given to the method of re lieving pain through the applica tion of hot compresses. Q. Do more women sue for di vorces than men? -. G. A. B. A. Statistics show that more than twice as many women as men obtain divorces. Q. Do humming birds go south in winter? What do they feed on? ' . -L.L.S. A. .Most species of . the humming birds are natives of the warmer cli mates, 'but there are several spe cies that go north for the summer. Humming birds do not feed exclu sively on honey, but depend largely on the insects found in flowers for their food. Q. What is the differene be tween a National Forest and a Na- vealed. Both men saw her la bar true light "I wlll not hold von to vanr promise;" said Horace at lenath. ton are free. : it was all a mis take. You but ave trie the lrm meant for another, and you were not brave enough to tell me I no longer care tor you." Marie shd dered, but turned to Mark. - , As for Mark, te turned away. -i spurn her!" ha cried. "I never cuum trust, nar. Horace, too, , strode away and left her standing alone. Too late treated by bronzing, enameline or other process of coating, may be redeemed in postage stamps or oth er stamped paper, only at 75 per cent of their face value, when pre sented by the original purchaser; but parts or pieces of cards will not be redeemed. Q. Can a person take gold to a United States mint and have it coin ed into money? A.L. . , A. The office of the Director of the Mint says that a person may take gold of any kind to a United States mint nd he will be paid tor it in gold coin, or by check that is payable in gold if he so desires. Mints, however, are not required which brought the attention 72 whole country to him. But the Barn-burnera im I sore. It was not long until tat SW Soli movement was under Martin Van Buren bectoM in V didate for president and chut Francis Adams was namin.tT? vice president The Abolition mm, was swallowed up in It. It wtta. first considerable movemani --" Uhe wrecking of the old nli ffeectional parties and hMtsntaftw . ..cio v4vi! Mr. Ana wnsna. votes were countd. General Taafc was elected and Martin Van tea had his revenge. General Taylor was nominiujIiJ the Whig national cOnvantU.!. Philadelphia. Governor Morefcgi of North Carolina was prasideai gf the convention and it heaia.-u. rllltv tA tnfnmi 1ha 'i . -w - - - wiiMiuwcg upji they had been nominated. - ft waj before the days of compulsory pre payment of postage and Gorarter Morehead sent the letter to General Taylor's address in Louisiana, Mat. ago collect . , I'idnt Know He Was XomlnDeL "Old Rough and Ready" had baa getting too many letters trea cranks all over the country, tor each at which he was compelled to pay from 10 to 40 cents poettfe. Therefore he had ordered th tost. master to return all letter aL dressed to him and not preptJa, t the dead letter office. Governor Morehead's letter shared this hut Thus it -happened that Ueneral Tap-' lor did not know he had ben naa- inated until the committee sent formal lv notify him of his aelertla fJiad reached lite Louisiana hmt, 15 was very surprised to hear the from the committee and th eanv mittee was surprised to lean's didn't know it before. It It only instance on record that a for mal notification to a candidate for president was genuine news, " The campaign which placed "Old Rough and Ready" in tbe Wsjta house was a political contest in iel E. Sickles, the orator for thi which the -winning candidate lid Hunkers. Then only 23 years old, ! nothing to contribute to bis own Sickles was already a member of j success. He merely looked on watt, the legislature and a leader in the the Democrats went to pieces m Hunker, or conservative wing of the1 the rock of the "Wilniot Provias." Democratic party in New York. (The "proviso" as it was familiarly Tne Barn-burners were liberal 'reftrred to in those days when tt Democrats, whose name was given was a burning issue, had brought to them because of the similarity the slavery question into nation! or their doctrines in politics to the politics with a vengeance.'- t economy of the Dutch farmer who The famous pfoviso was written burned his barn to get rid of the by Representative Brinkerhoff,'"tv rata. Some authorities, not friendly, Ohio Democrat. Tbe bill toappr assert that the name was derived priate money to close negotiatloi troni the depredations of certain with Mexico concerning the war persons in western New York? not 1 to acquire territory was before th unlike the Kentucky night-riders of house. A half dozen anti-slavery more recent lame. The Hunkers were the conservatives, who be lieved in standing by the party, whatever betide. "Hunker" is New York Dutch-English for "hanker" i mot of Pennsylvania. He olfsrsi whjch, is akin to "hunger," and the the amendment providing that tlat name was, applied to those of theery should not be permitted in ear Democrats whose desire for the pos- states or territories to be erected session of office was more remark- out of ue territory to be erected able than their "hunger and thirst Meiico. At the first General Cim after righteousness." was favorable to the proviso, bt A Bitter Convention. Barn-burners and Hunkers came down to Baltimore, each swearing cfeath against the other. Behind the uarn-burners was the awful shadow of Martin Van Buren, who had been the bead of the greatest Democratic political machine tbeT party had pos sessed. The party had defeated him for renomiqation four years prev iously by the imposition of the two. thirds rule, and by permitting dele gates to disregard instructions. His friend, Silas Wright, had declined in those days the Whig party w Democrats had copies of the PRJ viso, and the first one to get t, I speaker's eyo was to offer itF! is New ! gave the opportunity to Daviirwu-' he eoon found that it better politics to trim, and he did so. Upon the Wilniot proviso tbe Democrats split wide open and gs" the Whigs their last chance to elect a president. If the northern Willi had had the courage of their con victions that year they would hive taken the northern views of th slavery question and could h elected an aati-slavery president long before Lincoln was elected, awl their party would have uvea, nui the vice-presidential nominalion in ! a northern party led by southern men, and the Democratic pany ' a southern party led by norm' A. A National Forest w any for est owned by the United States, while a National Forest Reserve is a tract, of land set apart from the public domain in order "to improve and protect the forest 'within the reservation or for the purpose of securing - favorable conditions of waterflows, and to furnish contin uous supply fct timber for the uae and necessities of cltisens of the United States." Q.' Let me know If postcards and tamped envelopes which have been addressed or printed but not mailed areredeemable? R. C W. A. The Postofflce Department sua realised the great mistake of says - that uncancelled, saaervice her. Ufa., end money U not aU. able and spoiled postaj-enrda not viduals in smaller quantities than $100 in value. This gold is paid for at the rate of $20.67 an ounce of pure gold. Q. How many United States sol diers had the death sentence by general court martial iniiicted upon them during the late war? E. F. A. The War Department says that thprn vers SS rlnath uitiMu, inflicted during the World war. AH j were for murder or kindred of fenses, none for purely military of fenses j Q. Who discovered the fact that hermetic sealing of foods would! preserve them? S. C. P. ! A. Tbe Napoleonic wars were responsible or this discovery. Tbe French government offered a prize for the most practical method of preserving foods for sea service and military stores. M. Nicholas Appert, after experimenting ftom 1795 until 1809 submitted a treatise en means of preserving foods and received the prize of 12,000 francs. His method was to enclose fruit after heating it in a glass bottle, which Nras then corked and sub jected to action of boiling water. Q. How deep is Salt Lake, In Utah, and what is ita area? B. R.L. A. Tbe Great Salt Lake-which occupies a shallow depression, has an average depth of less than twen'j ty teet It ls said that tbe changes in area oi tne iue are due to the fluctuations in rainfall. In 18S0 the area was 1,750 square miles. In 1869 it had increased to 2.170 square miles, Since 18(9 and 1870 the lake had been gradually reced ing. One cause of the diminishing of the waters is the amount used for irrigation, and a second cause is the fast that tbe amount of water contributed to the lake by the inlets nas decreased. ' Q. Who ls the present ruler of LtoenaT.. it s. A. 1844, but had &aved the dav by run nig for governor of New York and lining up the Van Buren sirength for tlla Polk ti kpt Twn vaara tutor in 1846? Wright had been defeated j between the sections. Men conld for reelection as governor, and the not see the inevitable conflict snesi uiauis wa iuu uu l ne iluilKOTS. J OI tuem vnon iipth nviih n lit n unv - Heart IMomc gX 1 MRf. ELIZABETH THOMPSON Dear Mrs. Thompson: I -am a girl 15 years old. I have taken music lessons for one year and five months. I cau play all the pieces in all my books I 'have gone through so far. I have known of other girls wbo, after having gone through their first second and third books have forgotten the pieces, but I have not What is the cause of that? ' Do you tbjnk I am doing well with my music? Do you think I Will ever be a great musician? A friend of mine who goes to the same teacher said she brags about my lessons and tells her I am the best scholar" she has. Do you think she means it? My teacher never tells me when I have a good lesson or how I am getting along and sometimes I get discouraged and feel like giving up. If she would1 only tell me what my friegd claims she tells her I coud work and practice much harder on my music. I practice from one to two hours and fifteen minutes daily except Sunday. Is that enough? I want to be a music teacher. Do you think I will succeed? y WORRIED. . It seems to tne (you hare every reason to feel encouraged. It is a fine' thing to memorize, so easily. Besides you must have good technique, which Is tbe result much faithful practice. ! Perhaps you are your teadier'i ho( mi nil hut It, at In nil reSaOS V fart tfin.vnur tunrpls. fie thankou. that vnn am hlrcserl with. 1 tSlBV tiA puinli,, mill lha heat Of it Tf vaii wnrv tin Fit vnu ran cerUinly become a music teacher and J mav oton lionmA a VftfV fiQi D iimj v v ' uivuauw aa Btuajit f. - For a school girl you probnW h . . vnn have tha l.nt tator irhon mil hVS nOt JOS' studies to take up your time yw will probably find three or fear hours necessary. j. Dear Mrs. Thompson: I hest you have a remedy for taking os s moustache. Will you please let know what it is snd if you have let me know the price? MISS A Cv ' I have no such remedy. The ooW safe way to remove cuperflW" hair from the face ls by means the electric needle. When electric needle is used, the roots srv destroyed and the hsir does s coma back. Applications whlca rr move the hair. only increase v growth and coarsen it Major General William Lssstt 8. A, born at Feiersoura., You- must realize, however, that A. The name of the president of feeling and expression count even UherU if a & King. more than , tbe ability to maaaorise. 6S years ago today, 7 ' i - ' -"