77:ZZ2Y7Z2 rXCS-CLAKD AnOXJ3Sr?TE!JC 29, 1920.
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Ifamha AaaMa BnraaUa eat 4.1
Official Paper City C ftxk Wul
ua at r.aaa. CM flrOt
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER M, MM.
treat The Ana at Bank
Tk. Atrmm WlU
hili i I -t mwiww Maeel
rrar fee u4 taaa t IM MMI eea
Hi UH wnni weuare.
Y, tbs country 1a getting over, the silk
ahlrt craze. v
1 Things that are laid cause more regrets
than the unsaid.
HCItC UCS MAMS ANCIENT CMY,
WHO DISINTERS THE VNkOVf O CUSS, s -
.--":..-...!:. ' - i' BEWARC!
This Cleveland pitcher, Mails, seems to
have a special delivery.' -'.
t v ". ,, ' .,' .' j" i"
' An apartment house tenant in Chicago must
feel that he Is living within bis income.
ape fifcas to drire the "den OmoMT
tnm tfcsv stctvmso, Jfow. It aeema, they hot
k relieve tke kowiag sitoattoa fey snfcch yell
tag and caUlag of Bases.
. . ,7 Scraps of Paper.
The president to authorised aid directed to
abrogate eodmereial tieatiee with U. poeslWy
2Si-nations. PracUcally be is compelled, to
treat as scraps of paper treaties entered Into
by tlalr covjatry with all tbe world. including
Gipot Britain, apaa,. China and all Soutb
Asericaa nations. : -
All this to dtre, partly to clause U of the
Jonea alt, and a provision hitherto unused of
tbe Underwood tariff act ' i
, The Uadenpood tariff law imposes a 10 per
cent tariff duty on goods brought In vessels of
all countries that do not bare trade reciprocity
treaties with tbe United States. ; This provision
bow is inoperative because all countries save
such treaties. -Clause 34, though, makes scraps
of paper "of tnsee treaties. Tbap-done, tbe 10
percent duty must be paid by cargoes carried
on -foreign' snipe. O
This decidedly favors . American vessels.
But-.1.. ; f,,i'- f - ;'v :'
You don't suppose for a minute that Japan,
Creat Britain, France or any other power is
going to stand for it, do you? They are not
going to let American shipowners kill their
shipping, are they? Rot so you will be able W
notice" it ' ;":
1 The United States may tax foreign boats
over here, and they will tax American ships
over there.. What tbe American marine gains
on this side it will lose on the other, and more,
t0- l THE ellme of crooked dealing-bas soiled
It will lose good-will abroad and draw upon I the onca dazzlinr robes of the no-called irrat
itself the concentrated opposition, of all other American game. Tennis and golf may remain
nations , free from it and one feels reasonably sure the
'- , ... . Resolute-Shamrock affair was untainted- But
Probably the most needful thing for con- day the name ;f tne cre&t American game
gress to do at its .next session is to undo what Mem, t be "bunk" and the- players' slogan,
it did at its last as regards maritime discrial- "Boys7xet the money!" - I
inatlon and subsidy. '
. A PUZZLE BOLTED.
.Tbe men are prone to wonder why .
' " The maids do thus and so..
When happiest faey always cry .
Tbe reason wa would ksow.
Another thing thatV-etrange to see:
When grief in them holds sway -'
Tls then their laughter bubbles free
. Jiow DO they get that wv'r i
A mouse will make a woman bolt
And climb upon the sink;
Next day sbeHI band a short-arm jolt .
To- some JlirUtleus gink.
With ev'ry outward show of bliss,
All smiling and elate.
Shell grqet aaotber with a kiss
And one she fairly hates!
But on one point let me announce
' My wonder is dispersed: ' '
I think I know Just why she mounts
A street car left foot first
Perhaps 'tis one of nature's laws
'Haps not: but honor bright!
In my opinion tie because
She has a perfect right!
t- . STffO eV AUTWr
A bandit doesn't care because the days are
becoming shorter. The nights are getting
longer. . , -
The pricS of cabbage baa fallen 41 per cent
ao It's almost too plebian a companion for
Maybe coal miners strike for the same ia-
con the consumers would like to; because they
are tired of digging. ...
Junk dealers have decided to call them
selves "waste material dealers." Yet garbage
men, if called "handlers of matter out of place,"
will smell no sweeter. '
It is believed that the aurora borealis has
the effect on home-brewed beer, weakening it,
but generally when a man can see the aurora
borealis, it is a sign that the home brew is all
right , - .
; The Tri-Clty Railway company, showed by
I Its petition to the Illinois public utilities com-
miSFlon yesterday, that it not only seeks a
straight 10-cent fare with 6 cents for -children
on its lines on this Bide of the river but the
installation of the one man car as well and
tils in the face of a well defined public pro
test and its announced 'purpose not to push this
abomination. Is there anything else the trac
tion corporation thinks about, ''that it would
like? . '
I 'Cj The Remedy.
1 Speaking of the housing situation, a New
: Ycrk financial review Eays: "Most of out ef-
i forts have been directed at profiteering land
lords, and, while .this policy meets with the
approval of an exasperated community, It must
I be admitted tirat penalties and fines and re-
prisals do not add to this number of bouses,
i Committees have been appointed and have sent
I lu Reports, but rents keep on soaring and the
I housing shortage grows apace."
. High, rents are merely the result, the fruit,
of the house shortage. The remedy is more
J The Chicago Real Estate board places the
t lame for this house shortage upon the stead
t Hy mounting prices of building materials and
labor. The former increased 210 per cen
i Bince 1914; labor wtent up 110 per cent
ij Canada has done something more -than in
, Testigate. The Dominion loaned 125,000,000 to
tbe provinces for house building. Loans are
made to-building associations agreeing to
(erect homes at a dividend profit not exceeding
;Jb per ent"' "
' f Once people were given to the pounding
' Hie Baseball Shame.
The revelations in the Cook county grand
jury investigation in Chicago of the scandal,
involving the throwing of the world champion
ship between thy Chicago White Sox and the
Cincinnati Reds a year ago, make the average
follower of the game sick at heart y"'
Baseball Has been regarded all along as the
cleanest of outdoor sports, because It was re
garded as without taint and on the square.
It was not thought that the gambling element
which had wrecked ligitimate horse racing, and
had "fixed" prize fighting, had been able to
-contaminate the great American game.
But the professional gambler got in on the
world series in 1910, and tie struck his cruel
blow at the machine of the noblest of baseball
crganizerg and leaders of all time Charles
Ccmiskey, owner of the Chicago American
league franchise and team. - Baseball has been
to Comiskey his lifework, bis labor of love, to
which1 he has devoted all his years, all bis
talents, and all his resources. He'has spared
nothing to give his city a ball club of which, it,
could be proud. And he baa been good to bis
players. Having been one himself, - bis sym
pathies were with them. He helped and en
couraged them, stood by them and paid them
well. ' ' -
- This is his pay. 4 - ;
The eight stars f Mr. Comiskey's aggrega
tion indicted for conspiracy to commit an
illegal -act, and hence under suspension, have
cot only shown themselves guilty of treason,
treachery and betrayal, but the worst of all,
iiigrates as well. They have bitten the band
that fed, disgraced the uniforms of which Mr.
Comiskey was proud, and have double crossed
their teammates who are honest, and on the
square, and defrauded the army of patrons of
the game. They are crooks of the most aban
doned and degraded class, tools of professional
crooks, who are the curse of every honorable
sport ' !
Ostracism of the band coconspirators who
have been shown 'up in this proceeding will
not be sufficient to. rid the game of the effect
of the disclosures. The players should be
dealt with by criminal process, and made to
suffer for their outrageous conduct and gam
bling should be made a penal offense all over
the land. . "
Here In Rock Island the influence of the
rambler in the game, even Dr tbe Three-Eye
league, was disclosed the past; season in the
baseball pools that were allowed to be con
ducted. It is ript too soon to take stps to
stamp this evil out the coming year and the
lecal association should take steps to see that
it is not again tolerated. The cooperation of
the state's attorney and the police authorities
should be asked to tbe attainment of this end.
A, Very Fine Idea Excellent, 1b Fact
The world would be an altogether
more comfortable place if we all got into
the habit of waiting to offer advice until
some sign is made that it's going tovbe
"welcome. To put it crassly and straight
from the shoulder, isn't it a fine idea fpr
folks to mind their own business not
once in a while, but just about all of tbe
time? ,n y .
A LONDON correspondent -writes that Eng
lishmen refuse to buy the American coat-shirt.
The Briton wants a shirt he -"can get into."
Why doesn't he put it on as he does Jbis coat?
Because t Jolly welj isn't done, y'know.
Bat Bill Doesn't Use Tact; He Uses Totesi
(From the Aledo Democrat).
Concerted and insistent attack on
- Thompson has been assiduously pursued
' ev;r since early in the mayor's public
career. In. the face of it, the strength, of
the faction which he represents and
heads has been steadily increasing. He
has been successful n every undertak
ing upon which he has embarked. It
would seem time to try a new tact
IF our Aledo contemporary is desirous of
making it hot for Bigbill, we suggest he enlist
theemces of John Hades, of St. Louis. John
we imagine, would simply give Bill well, you
Know w Hat we mean. . - - ,'
Hoosier Proofreader, Brother!
(From the Milan Independent).
An Indian journalist who 50 years aeo
was a good roads advocate once wrote
of a now well known and, modernized
thoroughfare: . . . . ,A .
"This , road is not -passable. - '
Not even Jackassable, '
And those who would travel it
Must Jurn out and gravel It"
GIRL sympathizers with the Sinn Fein re
cently paraded New York street carrying pla
cards bearing the lines: "And shall MaeSwinev
die? -And shall MacSwiney die? There's sev
eral million Irishmen will know the reason
why." As the 47th day of his hunger strike
comes to an end Several million more must be
wondering why he doesnt
Jfot Knocking tbe Kegular Sinister.
(South Pekin Corr., Peoria Star).
Rev. R. McLaughlin of Peoria will fill
the pulpifcthis evening. Come and hear ,
a sincere speaker.
"TUMULTY said President. Wilson directed
him to write a letter (we quote the United
Fress) which was in answer to E. M. Kw.h
of Los Angeles, who wrote . . . that Remib-
lican supporters were charging tbat article X
binds the United;States to snnnorf P.no-i-n M
holding Ireland Swart asked ir the article
was not framed ." But to quoU further
wuuiu roD us oi excuse lor quoting at all.
MORE COMPOSING RQOM LINES.
These linea are written verv hnrri,iw r-
They're witless, pointless, dull and out of
But the makeup "roan demanded
That something be supplied to fill this space.
WELL, we'd hate to be one of tho giUty
Sox. And yet, sometimes our monthly bills
make us wish we bad courage enough to be
Mayor MacSwiney'a danger strike
quite aside from the iaflusoee it
say bare on. the cause for which
ho mad the sacrifice, focuses pop
ular attention on the fact that it
takes a long, long time to starve a
man who is not afraid to die. ' ;
It would be an excellent thing
for the health of our people if
hunger strikes should become epi
demic on this side of the water.
The average overfed man or un
derexercised woman in this coun
try has no conception how bene
ficial such a strike may be, be
cause it just isn't done here in
America, not one wee little tiny
bit We wouldn't miss our "eats"
here for all the. world, much less
for Ireland. We really and truly
do overwork one muscle, a aft one
aione, tne eating muscle.
Sued fasted several times for
periods of thirty days. Dr. Tanner,
tbe American physician, wbo only
recently rescind the end of a long
life, fasted fori 40 days. Merlatti,
ia Paris, tasted'So days. But Succi
took some kiad of opiate to over
come the pain or distress he felt
In the abdomen. Merlatti and Dr:
Tanner used only water. '
A man supplied with dry food
but no water, can survive only a
few days, from three to seven days,
according to the atmospheric con
dition and tbe juiciness of bis tis
sues and his physical activity. In
dividuals vary widely in juiciness;
some of us aTe pretty dry, high spe
cific gravity, while others are low
specific gravity, floaters, damp,
juicy. - , - i
So short a time as 15 years ago
American physiologists asserted
that in man death occurs in from
five to eight days alter total de
privation of food, as a general rule,
although they were, familiar with
tbe remarkable individual feats
above mentioned. Even tbe doc
tors, up to tbe past decade or so,
bad the instinctiVe horror of fast
ing tbat pervades the popular mind
today. At this very moment a good
many . medical authorities on the
application of fasting therapeuti
cally adhere to a peculiar error of
nomenclature when writing or
speaking of fasting in this' sense,
calling it the "starvation" treat-
Frederic Haolxin's Lett
ment And. yet they expect patients
to submit to hi
Fear of starvation, not mere de
privation of food, is the cause of
the early coIUpaawnicii occurs in
cases of Involuntary starvation.
This same fear accounts for the
disagreeable symptoms which break
up many a self-starting therapeutic
fast after the first 24 hours. BMP
wrecked survivors succumb tp fear
and exposure as much as to starva
tion. If deprived of water, of
course that hastens death. Ex
posure to moderate cold also has
tens the end, simply because en
ergy is ue up in maintaining
body warmth.1 1
I shall have more to say on hun
ger strikes tomorrow. ,
I do not think you are entirely
(consistent in your provincial views
of tobacco. You have repeatedly
declared tbat women are as strong
as men, that members of tbe "cred
ulous sex," as you like to call It,
are not "delicately organized." Yet
you are unable to grant women the
privilege of smoking. It a man
may smoke, when he is of age, ju3l
what is there in the habit tbat is
objectionable In a woman? (CJ
H. L.) . a
. Answer-Hh, I don't know, but
somehow I can't maintain admira
tion" or respect for. a female who
smokes or chews. However, I sup
pose a woman is entitled to take a
chew of plug if she thinks it looks
ail right. r
, The Radium Gold Brick.
Please give your opinion of the
radium treatment described in the
circular herewith enclosed. (J.
Answer Among the miraculous
things the fake radium appliance
will accomplish, according to the
circular, is "strengthening the kid
neys" and a lot Qf misleading talk
along that line. The public snoum
realize that radium is a powerful
aeent. that it can't be used as you
would use sarsaparilla or vanilla
or odorized soap, and that nine out
of ten of the curative effects claim
ed for alleged "radiumized" nos
trums are palpably fraudulent
(Copyright, National Newspaper
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGNS, ,
VII. The Tyior-C-Vaii Burcn Race of
Van Bureh and his friends .
revenge. . ,N
Th. Baltimore convent. L
unable to decide between ttlb
ter factions, and tlwrefortwL i
seat both delegations. givtoiTli
vote to each. Both sides 4etuW
accept the compromise andjS
to vote in the convention- a!
Lewis Cass bad been nominuT
president and William OrBuiSw
vice president, young Dn g"v!
Jumped to his. feet to proniSiV
' w. . lull iw in, m
making an impassioned
What's In . A Name?
s-v- - I
(CopjrffM. .1919. br th Wheeler SyiHaele. Urn.)
Lucille is a poetic name which
has come into every day usage in
this country. It used to be con-,
sidered a diminutive of Lucy, but as1
a matter of fact U is a completely
separate name which merely hap
pened to spring to fame simulta
neously with the shorter and more
It signifies light coming from
Pine Latin word lux.
4 Lucille comes to us through the
masculine form evolved from lux.
Ancient Britain is said to have had
king called, Llewfer Mawr, who
was - Latinized into uicius. v is
count Falkland brought fame to the
" " 1 "- 1
SHOEf ;,STOEY 1
name in England and Ireland and
in the meantime Lucius was grow
ing in popularity in Rome.
The Lueillian gens of the plebian
order was formed from Lucius and
from it arose the name Lucilla.
Several Roman empresses bore this
name and a saint at Florence was
so-called. Lucille is the French,
version which was immediately ac
cepted by England. Owen Mere
dith made the name famous by his
poetft of that name.
The diamond 13 Lucille's talis
manic gA. It will bring her cour
age and physical and mental
strength. Wednesday is her lucky
day and 3 hen lucky, number.
Washington, D. C, Sept 26.
Once more the Whigs put their faith
In a war hero, and for the second
and last time they ware victorious.
Zachary Taylor waa nominated be
cause he was the popular hero of
the war with Mexico. H mattered
not that he hadever cast a vote in
his life and had never taken any in
terest in politics. It mattered not
that the war in which be won glory
and renown was condemned by the
Whigs as a crime against civiliza
tion. It mattered not that he was
a southern slaveholder when north
ern Whigs were beginning to battle
every day against the extension of
slavery. It mattered not that Henry
Clar. the leader of th Whirs, acain
"wanted the nomination, from his
1 . . . I .
psriy. nuuiiDg uiauorea except
that the Whigs wanted to win, that
they bad won in 1840 with a war
hero and an alliterailve slogan, ami
that they could do it again. Thus
to General Harrison and "Tlppi-
4 canoe and Tyler, too" was added
ueneral Taylor and "Old Rough and
Ready. These were the only men
the Whig party ever put ""-in the
White house, and it is remarkable
that they are the only two presi
dents who have died in office of nat
But even the hearty attractiveness
of General Taylor, the freshness of
his war-won laurels, the magic of
the memory of Buena Vista, none of
these things would-have availed to
defeat (he Democrats had ft not
been for the factional party fight in
New York state, which ultimately
resulted in the formation of the
Fre Soil Democratic party snd the
candidacy of Martin Van Buren for
president Van Buren did not carry
a single state, but he got a suffi
cient number of votes to takp more
than one state away from the Demo
cratic candidate and give its elec
toral vote to General Taylor.
The Democratic national conven
tion met that year in Baltimore on
May 22. The nomination for presi
dent was a race between Lewis Cass
of Michigan and James Buchanan
of Pennsylvania. Cass ' was nom-
i inated on the fourth ballot without
dpculty-. Bit the great fight in
tu convention was not over the
nominations; it was upon the
status of the two contesting delega
tions from New York.
There they were, Samuel J. Til-
den, later the leader of the national
Democracy, as spokesman ani advo
cate for the Barn-burners, and Dan-
I Argus Information Bureau
(Any leader eta get tbe answer to any duration bx writinr The Arrua InfMina.
Uon Bureau. Frederic i. Haakin. Director, Wuhington: D. C. GlTet full name an
addreat and endow two-cent ttomp lor return pontaf. Be Mel. All laauiriee art
confidential, tna replies beinc eent direct to each individual Ho attention will b
paid to anonymoua leueraj.
Which carries the greater
distance, the tone of the trumpet
or that of the slide trombone?
d, J. A-
A. Tbe United States Marine
band tays that the sound of a
trumpet carries farther than that
of a trombone.
Q. What are the raw materials
for making paper; what kind of
naoer Is made of bamboo?
v W. A. Jt.
A. The foundation or basis of
all paper is ' cellulose. This is
found in ragB, straw, bark, wood
or other fibrous materials. The
ossential rjrocesses In the manu
facture of paper are the reduction
of the raw material to a thin puip; J by jaw t0 accept goid tTOm indi.
'. By Julia A. Fobinson.
' I (Copyright, 1920, by Wheeler Syn
... j: dicate. Inc.)
-4 Marie Bamks was perplexed, yet
; she must decide. JtIark Forbes was
, coming in ' the evening, and she
itnust give ber answer. She had
I begged for time, for she did not
know her own heart She liked
tHrkY but he was poor. ' All her
life she had known the privations
(of poverty; how could she marry
poor man? Her love was hardly
great enough for that If he were
v " only rich. t '
, 's Mark came and she gave her an-
swer, and It was "no,"" and he went
.. Years passed, and Marie did not
.hear from Mark, did , not even
-know where he bad gone, but she
t often thought of bim, and wonder-
ed did he think of ber? Had he
found riches would he ever come
4 back? . - -
: I One day a letter came from an
sold school friend who had moved
llo a distant city, begging hc to
come for a visit Marie JoyfuSly
'accepted the invitation. It would
. be a change la ber monotonous and
j lonely life.. Perhaps she would
y find an adventure there.
i - Her friend greeted her enthusl
lastlcally. "You must have the time
lot your life!" she exclaimed. '"I
ivrant you to see. everything, and
jOjaseetaUmy friends. There's a
party "tomorrow evening,
glad! and you must go.
' Marie dressed in her prettiest
her beart in a flutter. At lasVshe
was to see some of the city society.
At the party, to her surprise she
was introduced to Mr. Forbes in1
troduced as a stranger to her old
lover, who seemed to be a favor,
its here, sought after by alL It
gave her a queer .'sensation. She
knew bim at once, but be did not
seem to recognize her, and did not
in any way refer to the past Well,
it he did not care to remember,
she. did not care, and she called
him, stiffly, "Mr. Forbes." If be
wanted to bury the. past, she would,
too. He was rich and influential.
Oh! If he would Only renew bis
old love! She reproached herself
bitterly for sending him away. She
might have been the wife of thlsJ
handsome man, yet she tried to
hide her feelings, fearful that she
did not succwed. She danced with
him . many times, talking lightly,
letting him see that she did not
mind, and meant to forget too.
"You've made a hit,"- said her
friend. "Why, Mr, Forbes la tbe
biggest catch here, and I'm sure,
he likes you."
Mr. Forbes came many times In
the days and weeks that passed.
He took her to ride in his automo
bile, showing her the beauties of
the place. She wondered if bo
would never apeak of the past, or
if bis old love would return. She
would not say no it he should ask
One nright day Marie was sitting
alone; her. friend had been called
away. Stje looked up and saw
Mark comitag up the walk. It re
minded her of old-times, be had
changed so little, was even hand
somer than ever.
for a few days. Mark, this is Ma
rie." - ,
She gasped almost swooned.
The truth flashed upbrr her This
was Mark, her old love and Hor
ace? She had never known that
Mark had a brother. Which
which did she love?
'Mark started back; did not even
extend bis band. -
w nat's the matterr asked Hor-
was poor. She takes you now be
cause you are rich. I have money.
r. itween a auouai on
See now whlr-h t, n v. ;i"Ttionai Forest Reserve? R.B.W,
hud wr luuihih r . . .
Horace stood aghast Marie 00014
not speak. Her character was re-
"I'ra so glad to find you alone!
ne cnea. vx want you to come with ace. s
me for a sail on the lake." "Matter enough!" sneered Mark.
Of course he went with him, I "So tnis ls yr future bride! my
and they glided over the water, ! 8l8,ter .that j to be the girl who
cnatting. just Deiore tney return-i " """ or jago oecause I
ea be told or his love, even then
not speaking of the past He would
ignore that; well, so would she.
"We must drop, formalities now,"
he said. "Call me Horace."
She-started. Horace! -That was
his middle name, probably, even
the old name must be dropped to
leave so link with the past Well,
if he wished It it did not matter.
If hi did not speak, aha would be
silent, too. ...
In a flatter of" Joy sf arte an
nounced her engagement to . her
friend, who was overjoyed.
A few days later Horace called,
and with him waa another who
could it be so much like himself?
I want you to know my brother,
Marie,"-he said, "your brother that
is to be. He hascotae jn visit
tho rnnnine of this DUlD upon a
flat sieve of fine mesh, which reH
tains tbe fibres that Decome ieueu
together; and the removal and dry
ing of the felt so formed. The
successful development of a treat,
of, book paper.
ment of bamboo fibre makes it
available for an excellent quality
Q. What is the name given to the
application of hot clothes or mois
ture for the relief of pain? R. O.
A. Fomentation is the general
name given to the method of re
lieving pain through the applica
tion of hot compresses.
Q. Do more women sue for di
vorces than men? -. G. A. B.
A. Statistics show that more
than twice as many women as men
Q. Do humming birds go south in
winter? What do they feed on? '
A. .Most species of . the humming
birds are natives of the warmer cli
mates, 'but there are several spe
cies that go north for the summer.
Humming birds do not feed exclu
sively on honey, but depend largely
on the insects found in flowers for
Q. What is the differene be
tween a National Forest and a Na-
vealed. Both men saw her la bar
"I wlll not hold von to vanr
promise;" said Horace at lenath.
ton are free. : it was all a mis
take. You but ave trie the lrm
meant for another, and you were
not brave enough to tell me I no
longer care tor you." Marie shd
dered, but turned to Mark. - ,
As for Mark, te turned away.
-i spurn her!" ha cried. "I never
cuum trust, nar.
Horace, too, , strode away and
left her standing alone. Too late
treated by bronzing, enameline or
other process of coating, may be
redeemed in postage stamps or oth
er stamped paper, only at 75 per
cent of their face value, when pre
sented by the original purchaser;
but parts or pieces of cards will not
Q. Can a person take gold to a
United States mint and have it coin
ed into money? A.L. . ,
A. The office of the Director of
the Mint says that a person may
take gold of any kind to a United
States mint nd he will be paid tor
it in gold coin, or by check that is
payable in gold if he so desires.
Mints, however, are not required
which brought the attention 72
whole country to him.
But the Barn-burnera im I
sore. It was not long until tat SW
Soli movement was under
Martin Van Buren bectoM in V
didate for president and chut
Francis Adams was namin.tT?
vice president The Abolition mm,
was swallowed up in It. It wtta.
first considerable movemani --"
Uhe wrecking of the old nli
ffeectional parties and hMtsntaftw
. ..cio v4vi! Mr. Ana wnsna.
votes were countd. General Taafc
was elected and Martin Van tea
had his revenge.
General Taylor was nominiujIiJ
the Whig national cOnvantU.!.
Philadelphia. Governor Morefcgi
of North Carolina was prasideai gf
the convention and it heaia.-u.
rllltv tA tnfnmi 1ha 'i
. -w - - - wiiMiuwcg upji
they had been nominated. - ft waj
before the days of compulsory pre
payment of postage and Gorarter
Morehead sent the letter to General
Taylor's address in Louisiana, Mat.
ago collect . ,
I'idnt Know He Was XomlnDeL
"Old Rough and Ready" had baa
getting too many letters trea
cranks all over the country, tor
each at which he was compelled to
pay from 10 to 40 cents poettfe.
Therefore he had ordered th tost.
master to return all letter aL
dressed to him and not preptJa, t
the dead letter office. Governor
Morehead's letter shared this hut
Thus it -happened that Ueneral Tap-'
lor did not know he had ben naa-
inated until the committee sent
formal lv notify him of his aelertla
fJiad reached lite Louisiana hmt, 15
was very surprised to hear the
from the committee and th eanv
mittee was surprised to lean's
didn't know it before. It It
only instance on record that a for
mal notification to a candidate for
president was genuine news, "
The campaign which placed "Old
Rough and Ready" in tbe Wsjta
house was a political contest in
iel E. Sickles, the orator for thi which the -winning candidate lid
Hunkers. Then only 23 years old, ! nothing to contribute to bis own
Sickles was already a member of j success. He merely looked on watt,
the legislature and a leader in the the Democrats went to pieces m
Hunker, or conservative wing of the1 the rock of the "Wilniot Provias."
Democratic party in New York. (The "proviso" as it was familiarly
Tne Barn-burners were liberal 'reftrred to in those days when tt
Democrats, whose name was given was a burning issue, had brought
to them because of the similarity the slavery question into nation!
or their doctrines in politics to the politics with a vengeance.'- t
economy of the Dutch farmer who The famous pfoviso was written
burned his barn to get rid of the by Representative Brinkerhoff,'"tv
rata. Some authorities, not friendly, Ohio Democrat. Tbe bill toappr
assert that the name was derived priate money to close negotiatloi
troni the depredations of certain with Mexico concerning the war
persons in western New York? not 1 to acquire territory was before th
unlike the Kentucky night-riders of house. A half dozen anti-slavery
more recent lame. The Hunkers
were the conservatives, who be
lieved in standing by the party,
whatever betide. "Hunker" is New
York Dutch-English for "hanker" i mot of Pennsylvania. He olfsrsi
whjch, is akin to "hunger," and the the amendment providing that tlat
name was, applied to those of theery should not be permitted in ear
Democrats whose desire for the pos- states or territories to be erected
session of office was more remark- out of ue territory to be erected
able than their "hunger and thirst Meiico. At the first General Cim
after righteousness." was favorable to the proviso, bt
A Bitter Convention.
Barn-burners and Hunkers came
down to Baltimore, each swearing
cfeath against the other. Behind the
uarn-burners was the awful shadow
of Martin Van Buren, who had been
the bead of the greatest Democratic
political machine tbeT party had pos
sessed. The party had defeated him
for renomiqation four years prev
iously by the imposition of the two.
thirds rule, and by permitting dele
gates to disregard instructions. His
friend, Silas Wright, had declined in those days the Whig party w
Democrats had copies of the PRJ
viso, and the first one to get t,
I speaker's eyo was to offer itF!
is New ! gave the opportunity to Daviirwu-'
he eoon found that it
better politics to trim, and he did so.
Upon the Wilniot proviso tbe
Democrats split wide open and gs"
the Whigs their last chance to elect
a president. If the northern Willi
had had the courage of their con
victions that year they would hive
taken the northern views of th
slavery question and could h
elected an aati-slavery president
long before Lincoln was elected, awl
their party would have uvea, nui
the vice-presidential nominalion in ! a northern party led by southern
men, and the Democratic pany '
a southern party led by norm'
A. A National Forest w any for
est owned by the United States,
while a National Forest Reserve is
a tract, of land set apart from the
public domain in order "to improve
and protect the forest 'within the
reservation or for the purpose of
securing - favorable conditions of
waterflows, and to furnish contin
uous supply fct timber for the uae
and necessities of cltisens of the
Q.' Let me know If postcards and
tamped envelopes which have been
addressed or printed but not mailed
areredeemable? R. C W.
A. The Postofflce Department
sua realised the great mistake of says - that uncancelled, saaervice
her. Ufa., end money U not aU. able and spoiled postaj-enrda not
viduals in smaller quantities than
$100 in value. This gold is paid
for at the rate of $20.67 an ounce of
Q. How many United States sol
diers had the death sentence by
general court martial iniiicted upon
them during the late war? E. F.
A. The War Department says
that thprn vers SS rlnath uitiMu,
inflicted during the World war. AH j
were for murder or kindred of
fenses, none for purely military of
Q. Who discovered the fact that
hermetic sealing of foods would!
preserve them? S. C. P. !
A. Tbe Napoleonic wars were
responsible or this discovery. Tbe
French government offered a prize
for the most practical method of
preserving foods for sea service
and military stores. M. Nicholas
Appert, after experimenting ftom
1795 until 1809 submitted a treatise
en means of preserving foods and
received the prize of 12,000 francs.
His method was to enclose fruit
after heating it in a glass bottle,
which Nras then corked and sub
jected to action of boiling water.
Q. How deep is Salt Lake, In
Utah, and what is ita area? B.
A. Tbe Great Salt Lake-which
occupies a shallow depression, has
an average depth of less than twen'j
ty teet It ls said that tbe changes
in area oi tne iue are due to the
fluctuations in rainfall. In 18S0 the
area was 1,750 square miles. In
1869 it had increased to 2.170
square miles, Since 18(9 and 1870
the lake had been gradually reced
ing. One cause of the diminishing
of the waters is the amount used
for irrigation, and a second cause is
the fast that tbe amount of water
contributed to the lake by the inlets
' Q. Who ls the present ruler of
LtoenaT.. it s. A.
1844, but had &aved the dav by run
nig for governor of New York and
lining up the Van Buren sirength
for tlla Polk ti kpt Twn vaara tutor
in 1846? Wright had been defeated j between the sections. Men conld
for reelection as governor, and the not see the inevitable conflict snesi
uiauis wa iuu uu l ne iluilKOTS. J OI tuem
vnon iipth nviih n lit n unv -
gX 1 MRf. ELIZABETH THOMPSON
Dear Mrs. Thompson: I -am a
girl 15 years old. I have taken
music lessons for one year and five
months. I cau play all the pieces
in all my books I 'have gone
through so far. I have known of
other girls wbo, after having gone
through their first second and third
books have forgotten the pieces,
but I have not What is the cause
of that? '
Do you tbjnk I am doing well
with my music? Do you think I
Will ever be a great musician? A
friend of mine who goes to the
same teacher said she brags about
my lessons and tells her I am the
best scholar" she has. Do you think
she means it? My teacher never
tells me when I have a good lesson
or how I am getting along and
sometimes I get discouraged and
feel like giving up. If she would1
only tell me what my friegd claims
she tells her I coud work and
practice much harder on my music.
I practice from one to two hours
and fifteen minutes daily except
Sunday. Is that enough? I want
to be a music teacher. Do you
think I will succeed?
. It seems to tne (you hare every
reason to feel encouraged. It is a
fine' thing to memorize, so easily.
Besides you must have good
technique, which Is tbe result
much faithful practice. !
Perhaps you are your teadier'i
ho( mi nil hut It, at In nil reSaOS V
fart tfin.vnur tunrpls. fie thankou.
that vnn am hlrcserl with. 1 tSlBV
tiA puinli,, mill lha heat Of it
Tf vaii wnrv tin Fit vnu ran
become a music teacher and J
mav oton lionmA a VftfV fiQi D
iimj v v ' uivuauw aa
Btuajit f. -
For a school girl you probnW
h . . vnn have tha
l.nt tator irhon mil hVS nOt JOS'
studies to take up your time yw
will probably find three or fear
hours necessary. j.
Dear Mrs. Thompson: I hest
you have a remedy for taking os s
moustache. Will you please let
know what it is snd if you have
let me know the price?
MISS A Cv
' I have no such remedy. The ooW
safe way to remove cuperflW"
hair from the face ls by means
the electric needle. When
electric needle is used, the roots srv
destroyed and the hsir does s
coma back. Applications whlca rr
move the hair. only increase v
growth and coarsen it
Major General William Lssstt
8. A, born at Feiersoura.,
You- must realize, however, that
A. The name of the president of feeling and expression count even
UherU if a & King. more than , tbe ability to maaaorise. 6S years ago today,
7 ' i - ' -"
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