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The Rock Island Argus and daily union. (Rock Island, Ill.) 1920-1923, December 21, 1920, Image 1

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AND DAILY UNION:
,7H YEArf NO. 5.
TUESDAY DnCEHESR 21, 1920. TWENTY PAGES.
mica nva csrn.
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JL
ivJ
JUL
in -PR
RRQ
LbUlB
AT
ay
avy
HE YULE
ICASTED
f PLIMUS
her Bureau An
mces Abundant' Fall
During Night.
'Orieao, Dec. 8L A heavy
jndorm In the middle west
fsrteast for Lite tuls after.
jm sad evening. Strong east
'3j winds, occasionally veer.
tUghllr to the north,. are
virllsf dark-grey wintry
ptit, and a considerable tall
I expected before morning.
Zmtj items In the southwest
tn keen reported early today
gM the center h gradually
Mfchf ecslward, being due to
pack the slates bordering oa
J S Ibdssippl valley late this
'Onasen and early this even.
, gf. The form is expected to
late Into the might.
1 watte Christmas for the
f the nor.hera middle
Ml h propheded. lighter
the latter Dart of the
being Indicated to follow
ft mMTm cmmv ttikm t (In If-lit
------ . .a I
tlrite Christmas.
Dtottch received this afternoon
Tm Argus from Chicaao Imli-
m that a heavy snow storm to-
m probably later in the "When colossal losses likehosa
will insure a white Christmas i the fanners are now - sustaining
M-.vfv' ' '' jcvertake thsm every Une of indus-
AUi, the llr3t day of winter! try suffers. A more liberal policy
ane must have told the 800ut credits should be put into
ar man that winter was to!effect immediately. I think the re
" todsy. The first enow fall i kanir ni mnA be erudent-
u season was recorded this 1 1
niat, with a prediction from
a Mather forecaster that this
Hi It will be much colder with
a lowest temperature about five
m degrees aoove ' tero.
The
atf norm west Winds are ex-1
1W to bring the temperature
J ft still further, but will let up
Wednesday.
iNUlds ot the sling taken everv
: j W itep on the way to work or
, , j8 '(hopping this afternoon, no
ttfd of serious anp.irienta have
reported. The Tri-City Rail-
V officials received no report of
) cedents or near accidents due to
imr rails or skiddtng ms-
I IVoffl 111 inrifrntlnna thura will
metal inchas of snow for Sat-
i r. The Oiiraro dlsnatch Is
) ft Utett for today, coming later
J. M. Shearer, local, meterol
t'i report this morning. The
a, although coming this after
m and tonight, will b9 followed,
fM believed, by lightsr snow
.
lowest temperature list
t was 25 degrees above zeio.
thermometer came down
fjjjttbr noon. The highest teni
for yesterday was 30 de
' 9m above tero.
.
URA COMING
1 CHRISTMAS
r of lisising Ardmore Woman
From Daughter Who
Wmraja Court Trial. 1
1 m.,t;,. 41. iUIB. ef.
mother of Clara Smith,
T Ardmore, Okla., on a
w murder in connection
2 faui shooting of Jake
" today that she knew
wi ter daughter was. that she
from her and that Clara
Pand Christmas in the Unit
,ith her family,
have heard from Clara
2. Smith said, "and she!
J"t to El Paso and then go to I
j ana get ready for her
CJ 1 be with us Christ
r expecting her In a
V we She is somewhere in
I dont know Just where,
w Mexico alright and her
2 with her."
U Smith, Clara Smith's
M fcll-ir lnal ne naa not
bW01. hU daughter and did
i" Whera ih. ...
t, Z aere she was.
w .iti-sai1 ne wr Buck
Siberia- t Ardmore to come
Her at Jaarei.
3R"-1K, Dec. 21.-
Wfi? br?ker. who has Just re-
Jauret, today said he
YiV, 401 Smith Harnoa,
i connection witl death
Vil.' on- in a restaurant
Jlcancity.
iSMedher out tome."
. 1 examined her pic-
ISLE?" 1 T WM
now
M'ADOCJ GIVES
EXPRESSION TO
PRESENT VIEWS
States Opinions On Eco
nomic Situation, Favors
Tax Reduction.
New York, Dec 21. (United
Press) William O. McAdoo, In re-
IDonse to a reauest fnr hla vieva
regarding tie pressnt economic '
situation, today declared:
"A more liberal policy about do
mestic credits ought now to be
pursued, f
"Our foreign trade should be
stimulated and enlarged.
"The war finano corporation
should be revived to assist it
"The German indemnity should
be defined as quickly as possible
so that the central European mar
kets may be opened to our farm
ers, manufacturers and business
men.
"Trade relations with Russia
should be resumed as promptly as
possible.
"A arge part of the floating debt
of the treasury should be funded.
"Taxation ought to be reduced
and readjusted at this session of
congress."
McAdoo said that if these steps
were taken promptly he believed
"the present distressing situation"
would be greatly relieved.
"As I see the situation the coun
try cannot ' look with indifference
upon the distressing situation
which the farmers find themselves
because of the tremendous shrink
age in the value of - agricultural
products," McAdoo said.
"We cannot excuse inaction nor
dismiss the matter -with a mere
- ., .... . ,
"T and that farmers musi lane
their medicine along with the rest
of the country.
. Colossal Losses.
rxinrwi and that member banks
could be safely encouraged to
make loans on agricultural pro
ducts and to business generally on
reasonable time to those who can
sdeauate security. I think
.inn tinn nf r finance cornora-
tioa 8 dssirable.
"So long as the amount or me
German indemnity remains unset
tled there can be no economic re
habilitation of the central powers
and their buying power is reducad
to a minimum.
"It is not necessary to recognize
the soviet government to re-estab- j
lish trade relations with Russia,
nl in distress in Russia or else
where buy our products, if they
can pay for them, no matter what
form of government they may
choose for themselves?
"Of course, taxes ought to be re
adjusted and reduced. Last March
I publicly advocated funding a
large part of our floating debt The
tax burden can be lightened by
funding $2,000,000,000 of the float
ing debt during the next two
years.
"Taxes should be reduced at this
session of congress,
excuse for delay."
There is no
MUST REDRAFT
EDMONDS BILL
House Ways and Means Committee
Recommits Measure to Defer
Federal Tax Payments.
Washington, Dec. 21. The house
ways and means committee voted
today to recommit for redrafting
the Edmonds bill proposing to de
fer the date when penalties become
effective tor failure to pay federal
taxes.
Representative Greene, Republi
can, of Iowa, explained that as the
bill was reported to the house, it
would defer penalties on all uncol
lected taxes of this and previous
years, altnougn it was inienueu iu
apply only to taxes on this year's
incomes and profits.
Renresentative Garner, Democrat.
of Texas, said this instance should
warn the committee not to report
out innocent-looking - little resolu
tions without giving them the same
consideration as those which ap
pear to be important-"..
Storm
IIOH RULE
BILL WAITS
Otl ROYALTY
King's Signature to Make
Irish Measure Into Law
More disorders.
London, Dec. 2t The Irish home
rule, as slightly modified by the
house of lores, was adonted by the
house of commons today. The
measure now needs only the royal
signature to become a law.
Dubbn, Dec. 21. (United Press)
Reports of the biggest battle yet
fought in the present Sinn Fein up
rising, which occurred at Mullina
hone on Sunday night, were still
fragmentary and conflicting today.
At least 10 Sinn Feiners were
killed and 30 wounded or captured,
while the British 'causualties were
variously estimated at from eight
killed and many wounded to but
one seriously and several slightly
wounded. The Irish were said to
have been routed.
Heavy military reinforcements
and numbers of ambulances were
still enroute to the scene last night,
which is located in an isolated
mountainous district ot Tipperary
and has been a Sinn Fein strong
hold. According to some reports a
Sinn Fein force had, prepared an
ambush but was in turn surprised
by the soldiers. The battle opened
lust at dusk and apparently lasted
(for some time, the Sinn Feiners
fighting desperately despite the
disadvantage of their position, n
Advices from Colonballey "in
Tipperary 1 said that -two ' civiHaas
were killed there when they ignor
ed a challenge of a sentry.
Not On Ship.
Cherbourg, Dec 21. (United
Press) The liner Aquitania, upon
which Eamonn de Valera was re
ported enroute from New York to
France, is in port. De Valera was
not on the ship, close examination
showed.
Washington, Dec 21. Results of
a recent first-hand investigation of
conditions in Ireland by represen
tatives of the British branch of the
Women's International league were
sought by the commission .of the
committee of 100 investigating the
question on resuming hearings here
Tne witnesses were Miss Ellen C.
Wilkinson and Mrs. Annette Er-
skine of Manchester, England, the
latter of whom made a special study
of conditions in Ulster.
Appearance of the committee la
ter in the week has been arranged
for Misses Annie and Susan Walsh,
sister-in-law of the late Lord Mayor
McCurtain of Cork, who will arrive
here tonight. The two women were
eye-witnesses of the lord mayor's
killing.
Bora Ballinalee.
London. Dec 21. The Press s
sociation's Dublin correspondent
quoted a dispatch from Tulsk, Coun
tv Roscommon, as saying that
crown forces burned the village of
Ballinalee, county Longford, early
thin moraine, as a reprisal for the
recent attack on the police barracks
there in which one constanie w
vnind and three wounded. -
Shops and houses were destroyed,
the dispatch states, some outlying
farm houses burned and stock shot
The military commandeered ' and
fortified the school house and moat
of the inhabitants fled, according
to the dispatch.
nnmno nAIUlU
II0L1ET0GREEKS
Youth fal Princess Answers Premier
BhalUs Cabinet Tenders Kins;
Beslgaation.
Athens, Dec 21. Premier Rhallis
yesterday tendered to King 'Con
stantine. the resignation ot the
Greek cabinet, but was requested to
remain in office until parliament be
gins its session.
During his visit to the palace, M.
Rhallis encountered Princess Cath
erine, youngest daughter of Con
stantine. - s
"What have yon brought me from
abroad f he asked the princess.
"Papa," was her laconic reply.
SEW WORLD RECORD. '
Seattle. Wash- Dec. 21. "Sogius
Pietertje Prospect." Holstein cow
owned here, has completed a year's
test with total of 37,384.1 pounds
ot milk and 1.335.9 pounds of but
ter, and establishing a new world's
record, it was announced here to
day by A: M. Gormley. .The for
mer world's record was held by
Tilly Alcarta. a California cow.
WEMing
DEATH TRAILS J
SICILIAN FEUD
FROM OVER SEAS
Vendetta Transferred
From Italy to Dallas
Nearly Claims Prey.
Dallas. Texas, Dec 21. (United
Press). Death which has trailed a
Sicilian feud across two continents,
all but claimed' another victim
here today.
Joe Roggero, grocer, lay in a hos
pital fatally wounded, physicians
believed. Roggero was shot in front
of his store, late last night by an
unknown gunman, a - charge of
buckshot entering his face and
shoulders. .
Vito Campanella, Sr., father ot
Vito Campauella, who was killed In
Roggero's store last September, was
'taken Into custody by police but la
ter released as police said he estab
lished an alibi. Ronero wa under
'bond for the killing, of young Cam
panella. j Less than than a year ago the
Campanellas and Roggeros fought
a battle on the streets of Kansas
City. Men in an automobile open
ed fire' on the Campanellas, who
were walking on a downtown street
The Campanellas returned the fire,
wounding a brother-in-law of Rog
gero, who was shot here last night
In 1910 Campanella, Sr., was a
coal dealer in Kansas City, accord
ing to police. He received a black-
hand) letter demanding ss.uou but
Instead of paying the money over,
sold his personal property there
and came to Dallas. A few nights
later a man who bought a team of
horses from Campanella wao shot
and killed, local police assert
Dallas Veadetta.
The vendetta was transferred to
Dallas a few months later when Sam
Restivos, a relative of Roggero, was
shot as the Restivos-Roggero clan
met Vito Campanella on the street
here. , Young Vito Campanella was
under indictment for this shooting
when killed.
Police today- admitted It waa a
complete, mystery atjft Jiho shot
Roggero tut -night bnt believe
there ia little ddtabt the tragedy re
sulted from the fend. The gaaman
came here from Kansas City or
some other city, possibly, they said.
The Roggero-Campanella feud
began in Italy, where the. two fam
ilies were close friends and neigh
bors, according to police informa
tion. . ; . ; .
GIVEDEMELLO
BURIALIIOtlORS
Special Services Will Mark Fsneral
of Brazilian Who Lost Life
With Yanks.
Washington. Dec. - 21. Special
services will mark the funeral here
Thursday of Private Vlriato Clau
dio deMello, a native of Braxil.wno
died while serving with the Ameri
can forces in Germany. . Secretary
Baker and representatives of the
state department and the Bratilian
embassy will attend the funeral,
"in recognition of the traditional
friendship between Brazil and the
United States as well as of the
support given by that nation to the
American government and the al
lies against the central powers,"
the war department's announce
ment said.
DeMello served with the Ameri
can expeditionary forces-throughout
the war.
WILL BE FREE CHRISTMAS.
McAlesterK Okla,, Dec. 21 (Unit
ed Press.) Twenty-eight prison
ers in the state - penitentiary will
spend Chris mas as free men by the
grace - of Governor - Robertson.
Nearly all of them had but a few
days or weeks more to serve after
Christmas and the Oklahoma ex
ecutive granted pardons that they
might spend toe holidays at home
if they had any.
THE WEATHER
Considerable anew Indicated
for this afternoon' and evening.
Snow and much colder tonight
with a cold wave, lowest tempera
ture about & to 10 degrees above
sera. Wednesday generally fair
and colder. Strong northwest
winds tonight diminishing Wednes-'
day.
Highest yesterday, 30; lowest
last night 25.
Wind velocity at 7 a. 18 miles
per hour. : .
Precipitation last 24 hours, .14
Inch. .
. 12 m. 7 p.m. 7 a.m.
- yester. y ester, today
Dry bulb temp 27 40 25
Wet bulb temp... 23 - 25 25
Relative humid . .63 : 50 96
Sirer Forecast.
River stage, J&, a tall of .8 last
24 boors.
JML SHERIER. Meteorologist.
U.S. HEART
OF HORLD'S
USE
Foreign Trade for 1920 Is!
Reported Larger Than
Any Previous Year.
Washington, Dec. 21. The United
States has been made the heart of
the world's business by the west
ward trend cf commercial affairs
and has reached the stage in its in
dustrial and commercial develop-
men where the maintenance of for
eign outlets is necessary to con
tinued domestic prosperity. Director
R. S. MacElwee of the bureau of
foreign and domestic commerce of
the department ot commerce.
nounced today in his annual report
Declaring that the present stag'
nation in the business world was
only a passing phase insofar as this
country was concerned. Director
MacElwee urged that the develop
ment of foreign markets be taken
np with renewed vigor,
"Our foreign trade in the fiscal
year of 1920, with a total value of
$13,349,661,401, was larger than in
any previous year," he said. "It ex
ceeded by $3,000,000,000 the former
high record in 1919, and was more
than three times the value of the
combined imports and exports in
1914, the last year before the war.
"Many people are more interested
now than they were a year ago in
foreign commerce. : There were a
tew firms who had the foresight to
take out Ufa insurance while they;
were, in good health. Others now
wish they, had done so. The only
real, insurance that will spread the
risks- of depression between 4he
crests of the waves of domestic de
mand is the alioting of a substan
tial quota of the firms product for
foreign commerce and the building
up in the world's markets of a sell
ing organization and clientele that
will net necessarily fluctuate with
the waves of demand at home. -
. Depression After War.
. "A depression regularly -follows a
great war, and its time of occur
ence may be estimated, from his
torical analogies, as about two to
three years after the close of hos
tilities. We are not going to have
a panic m the United States, out
we certainly feel the kind of reac
tion that the surgeons call shock
after an operation."
To meet the increased demands of
business and carry on the work of
the bureau of foreign and domestic
commerce $1,493,270 was asked of
congress for the next fiscal year.
That is an increase of more than
half a million dollars over the pres
ent year's appropriations. Of the
total for next year $1,100,000 would
be spent for commercial attaches
abroad and for the promotion of
commerce.
1 It Is proposed to double the num
ber of commercial attaches making
24, and to. increase the number of
trade commissioners abroad by 17,
making a total of 56, while commer
cial agents would be tripled with a
total of 33. i
Estimates include $300,000 for
commercial attaches, $500,000 for
promoting commerce in general,
$150,000 for promoting commerce in
Central and South America and
I $150,000 for promoting commerce in
tne iar east, ine increased appro
priations would permit greatly in
tensified development of markets
for American goods in Latin Amer
ica and the far east which are con
sidered the most promising fields
for American commercial effort at
this time, the report stated.
Traces Trade.
Going back 300 years, Director
MacElwee traced the center of com
mercial supremacy from Phoenicia
westward to London where it bad
been since between 1651 and 1700
and said the last war had moved the
center of commerce westward again,
the predominant interests at the
present time being ta the Pacific
in addition to the Atlantic. Analy
sis show, he said, the reason for
the rise of nations that successfully
dominated the world's commerce to
be that they were situated at the
crossroads of transports toin ; that
they developed their merchant ma
rine and a navy to protect it; that
they possessed the raw materials
needed to supply the wants of man,
and developed the artesans to shape
these raw materials into the form in
which man could use them.
"We are spared out across the
; pains or tne westerly movement in
the destiny ot commerce." Director
MacElwee said.. "As to natural re
sources and the skill of our artes
ans, these need no comment De
spite high wages. Yankee ingenuity
and American ' ability to organize
mass production with improved
labor-saving machinery have made
it posisble for us. for many years,
to dominate the world's commerce
in such articles as harvesting ma
chinery, sewing machines, cash reg
isters, typewriters, office supplies.
'automobiles, and many other klda
oiaooos.
Eastward
FAVORS TRADE
AGREEMENT TO
GET DEBT PAID
Longworth Advocates
Pact With Allies to
Secure 12 BiUion.
Washington, Dec 21. (United
Press) Reciprocal trade agree
ments witn the ailies to aid in the
payment of more than $12,000,000,
000 dae the United States govern
ment and business interests in this
country were advocated in the
house today by Representative
Nicholas Longworth, Ohio, a mem
ber of the ways and means com
mittee. ,
Such agreement he said, should
be part of a general revision ot the
tariff laws, which he estimated
could be made high enough to raise
$350,000,000 more than the preseut
customs or about $700,000,000.
The reciprocal trade agreement
ne proposed, would give the allies
advantages over other nations in
American markets in exchange for
similar concessions granted the
United States abroad.
Attacking free trade proposals,
Longworth said:
"I do not think that it is quite
respectful for the debtor countries
to assume that their debts, prop
erly and honorably contracted, are
not to be paid in full. But if it
should eventuate that the only pos-
sihln WAV tn mllM.t thau Aakt
" W W BM UW. V .US UW-
tions of the world the home mar
kets of America, I should say let
us sacrifice every cent of the
money owed us rather than sacri
fice our industrial independence.
"President Wilson proposes that
we take down the bars against the
world in order to enable certain
nations of Europe to dispose of
$13,000,000 worth of goods here.
Against such a policy the American
people have recorded themselves
by an emphatic and tremendous
majority as I interpret the recent
election.
"We have received specific In
structions with regard to the policy
of the protective tariff aa laid down,
by President McKinley, but I be
lieve it - to be-. In noway incon
sistent that if e shall determine
to legislate so far as' the tariff is
concerned, with a view to making
the debts ot the allies more easv
of collection that it is through
reciprocal trade agreements that
we can most effectively accomplish
iti."
RAILROADS
DOKOTEARN
6 PER GENT
Receivership Looms for
New England Lines Un
less Belief Comes.
BY DAVID LIWHEKCE.
(Special to The Argus.)
Washington, Dec. 20. Questions
raised by practically all the New
England railroads before the inter
state commerce commission indi
cate that the entire financial policy
ot congress toward the railroads ot
the whole country as declared in
the transportation act may break
down unless relief of some kind is
immediately forthcoming.
Congress plainly said that the
railroads ot the country should
earn at least 5 to 6 per cent on
the value of their property. The
New England railroads haVe con
fessed before the interstate com
merce commission that they are
earning nothing as a whole and are
insisting that all the other rail
roads east of the Mississippi should
be compelled to give up at least
$25,000,000 in revenue on freight
rates to enable the New England
lines to meet their deficit
But the other railroads, on the
other hand, contend that they, too.
are failing by many millions to earn
the 6 per cent which congress in
tended and they claim there isnt
going to be any surplus revenue to
divide with the New England group
of roads, in fact, the eastern rail
J roads which include some of the
try, have been so hard hit by the
sharp decline in freight shipments
since October that they contend
they are earning less than 5jer
cent on the value of their property,
and a serious question has been
raised as to whether the interstate
commerce commission will not find
it necessary to award another gen
eral increase in freight rates in
order to carry out the command of
congress that the railroads should
get at least 5V4 per cent on their in
vestment Bate Increase.
The eastern railroads ' have
further contended that the New
England Mneo -ought to increase
(Co&Usaed On Pact Ten.)
LANDING OF FATHERS
at historic roei m
YEARS AGO, ORSERlfEQ
MARKHAMSAYS
ACT WILL SOLVE
RAIL PROBLEM
President of Illinois Cen
tral Upholds New 1920
Law.-
Springfield, 111., Dec 21. Declar
ing that the transportation act of
1920 recognizes that the railroads
ti .nd t th. Y.ttaie
tion, and gives to the interstate
commerce commission powers and
duties which "will do much to up
build the railroad industry," Charles
H. Markbam, president of the Illi
nois Central railroad, expressed the
belief before the Noonday Lunch
eon club here today that the act
would tend to solve the railroad
problems of the country.
"We have faith in the transporta
tion act" Mr. Markham declared.
"The railroads suffered from the
war, Inadequate rates, strikes and
lack of equipment; but. faced with
these obstacles, the railroads ac
complished a task that seemed al
most miraculous. The supply of
transportation now exceeds the de
mand for the first time in five
years.
Pnblle Support.
"The predicted business revival
of 1921 will make heavy demands
on the railroads, but I believe thejent day America he pointed out
carriers will be, able to move a
larger business than during the
last year. But the railways can
not sclve their problems without
the support of the public. v
"Too much regulation by the in
terstate commerce commission and
not enough protection will ruin
many railways. If. the shippers and
the carriers take hospital atti
tudes we may expect the commis
sion to apply the laws haltingly.
It there i -a fair degree of co
operation, its influence will secure
a wise, efficient' and successful ad
ministraaion ot the law."
SECRETARY AT;
RIO DE JANEIRO
Colby Hakes Brazilian Port on Bat.
Uesbip Florida" After Voyage
From Newport News.
Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 21. Bain
bridge Colby, the American secre
tary of state, arrived here this
morning on board the battleship
Florida from the United States.
Mr. Colby, who is accompanied
by General Cronkhite and Admiral
Bassett representing the United
States army and navy, respectively,
came to Brazil to return the visit
of President Pessoa to the United
States. The Florida sailed from
Newport News, Va., on Dec. 4.
SELECT SMITH
FOR CANADA JOB
Arizona Senator Will Be Made Mem.
.her of International Joint Com.
mission by President.
'Washington, Dec. 21. Senator
Marcus A. Smith of Arizona is
understood to have been selected
by President Wilson as a member
ot the international Joint commis
sion which deals with certain ques
tions arising between the United
States and Canada, such as fisher
ies and the like. ,
Senator Smith's present term of
office will expire next March 3, and
he is expected to enter on his new
duties immediately afterward. His
appointment has not yet been made,
but it will be to fill a vacancy.
After serving eight terms as a
delegate in congress from the then
territory of Arizona, Senator Smith
was elected to the senate in 1912,
and was reelected two years later.
He is a Democrat -
USE TI7.1E D07.1B
TO WRECK STORE
St Lonis, Uo Dec 21. (United
Press.) What police declare was a
time bomb exploded in front of a
shoe store conducted by Harry
Sachs in the business district ear
ly today, causing $15,000 damage.
The front part of the building
was wrecked. A hole was blown in
the roof and a cavity several feet
deep blown in the pavement A
number of buHdings in the vicin
ity suffered considerable damage,
mostly from broken glass.
No theory In connection with the
placing of the bomb bad been ad
vaneed at an early hour.
Orations Delivered by Dea
' ator itsods cad Gov
ernor Coolidge. -
Plymouth, Mass.. Dee. 21. On
the shore of Plymouth Bay, whero
"the breaking waves dashed high"
when the Pilgrims aet toot on -Plymouth
Rock on Dec. 21. 16M.
their descendants joined with other
distinguished men of this genera-
tlon ln America, Great Britain and
.. . . .r?In ,, ..
Holland is observing today with
due solemnity the tercentenary of
their landing. The orator war
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, a suc
cessor ia representation In the
senate from Massachusetts of Dan
iel Webster, who delivered the fa
mous "Plymouth Oration" at the
two hundredth anniversary. -
An address was delivered by .
Governor Calvin Coolidge, vice
president-elect and a poem, "1620
1920," was read by Dean Le Baron
R. Briggs of the faculty of arts'
and sciences of Harvard Univer
sity. Hymns appropriate to the
occasion were sung. Including the
"Landing of the Pilgrims" by Mrs.
Felicia Hemans, known to every
American school boy and girl for
generations. ...
Senator Lodge gave a scholarly
outline of the Pilgrim story and In
drawing from it a lesson for pres-
that "they set ' character first."
sought to give men freedom both
in body and mind" and "tried to
reduce the sum ot human misery."
"Whatever our faith." he said.
"whatever our belief in progress,
there can be no nobler purpose for
man man tnus to deal with the
only earth he knows and the frag
ment or time awarded him here.
While the great republic is true in
heart and deed to the memory of
the Pilgrims of Plymouth H will
take no detriment even from the
hand of time."
. Vision of POgrims.
In stately measures Dean Briggs
set forth the vision of the Pilgrims
and their prayerful determination:
"Freedom Thy new-born nation
here shall cherish;
Grant us Thy covenant, un
changing, sure;
Earth shall decay; the firmaneni
shall perish;
Freedom and Truth, Immortal
6hall endure."
The answer of their descendants
tc this challenge came in these
words:
"The Pilgrim's faith, the Pilgrim's
courage grant us;
Still shines the truth that for the
Pilgrim shone.
We are his seed, not life nor death
shall daunt us,
The port is Freedom; Pilgrim
heart sail on!"
The official party came from
Boston on a special train and' pro
ceeded immediately to the old
Colony Theatre, where the exercis-f '
es were held. In their number, In
addition to the speakers of the day,
were official representatives Of
Great Britain and Holland, several
New England governors, members
of the New . England judiciary.
Senator Oscar W. Underwood of
Alabama and members of natrlotk-
'societies, including the Society of
j Mayflower Descendants. The pre
siding officer was Louis K. Liggett
I of Boston, chairman of the Massa
chusetts Pilgrim Ter-centenary
Commission.
After the formal exercises the
guests of the day were entertained
at luncheon.' The remainder of ths
day they gave over to a pilgrimage
to Plymouth Rock, the Cole's Hill
Burying Ground and other parts of
the town Intimately connected with,
the Pilgrims' history. i
Lodge's Address.
Senator Lodge touched upon "the
peevish, meaningless objactlon"
that if the great men of history
had not accomplished the specific
deeds attached to their names
somebody else would have done all
these things" and continued
"The 'might have beens' nave no
(Continued on Page Two.)
URGE MARTI FOB POST.
Washington, Dec. 21. (United
Press.) The chief of militia, the .
office for which General Charles L
Martin ot Kansas has been prom- .
inently mentioned, will not be '
named- until after the first ot the
year, Secretary of War Baker said
today. .
The appointment will be made by
President Wilson on Baker's rec-'
ommendation, and Baker has giv
en no indication be will give Mar- .
tin the place, although the latter
claims to have indorsement of two-
thirds of the state governors. In
addition. Senator Curtis, Repre
sentative Anthony, both Kansans,
have been urging Martin.
Baker is said to favor aa eastern .
PARTLY. REMOVED.
Ottawa, Dec 21. Canada abol
ished its tax on manufacturers, bat
the luxury tax was only partly re-'
moved, remaining In full force on
its four heaviest revenue produc
ers liquor, confectionery, playing
cards and chewing gum. "

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