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ROOK ISLAND ARGU VOL. XXiV. CO 63. socz class, hi mncsDAT, jsmssasi 19, iscs. PEXC3 XXXEZ3 C PEACE AND HONOR To Wrap Themselves Around John Bull and Unci 8am. BOW TEE THIIO 18 TO BE DOSE. Ureal IHliim, M the Mhm. D Iris Will tie bedfwa mm a Vital Mat la the teatre.efj Cminil !-Talk me aHem CleT.laa Wrate His rrWuMnaal CrtUelsm af the DNUnt WasaiaoTOX. Dae. 19i President Cleve land had many callers yesterdar, mostly senators and n-preeenUtlvrs, who eame to congratulate him upon the attitude he ha I assumed In his message. The tele grams which began to corns in Tuesday commending his course were supplement ed yesterday by letters Cuming through the malls. 8vcrctary Olney also had his hare of callers. Although there la no where a suggestion of any abatement of our claims (and. Indeed, It Is generally recognised that by announcing his de termination to hold Great Britain outside of the boundary to be defined by our own commission the president has left no avenue for retreat) It to still confidently bettered here that the difOoulty can and will he settled peaceably and With honor to all concerned. This belief Is based upon the expectation that Great Britain, as Lord tttlisburv indicated in his last note, will re-establish diplomatic relations with Ven ezuela. TKal Faiat la the Coatfwrenj. As the revolution In that country .has been settled, and the internal peace Lord hall. bury demanded as a condition to a resumption of Venesuela negotiations is restored, he will treat the subject, it is be lieved and as he practically promises In his note, In a more compliant spirit than the British government has exhibited hereto fore In the negotiations, and thus speedily reach and arrangement satisfactory to Great Britain and Venesuela, and so, as a natural result, acceptable to the United Htates. In this way Great Britain would void any concession of the right of a third party to Interpose, and likewise es cape an admission of the acceptability or applicability of the Monroe doctrine. It Is entirely probable that Great Britain will abstain from presenting any evidence in support of her title to the commission, for by so doing she would admit our right to Interpose which is the vital point In the controversy so that the commission's r.tort Is likely to fall subject to the criticism that Lord Hallsbury applied to hucretary Miner's statement that It was s parte. Veaesaelaas May Set ftSTthe Mum. One source of present dnuge which gives apprehension to the element that louks for a peaceful solution of the prob lem lies with the Venesuelans themselves, as it is feared that, carrledway by their enthusiasm they may be led to attack the Bf Itlsh outposts on tho Yuruan. Lord halisbury's responses to Secretary Ulney's arguments are not regarded in official circles in Washington as being weighty or logically strong. The parallel he seeks to draw between the Alaskan boundary question and the Venesuelan boundary controversy utterly falls, it is said, when viewed In the light of the definition of the Alaskan boundary given In the Russian treaty of cession. Uaeetlua f latoraatwaal taw. As for his objection to the injection of the Monroe doctrine Into International law, and the making of new International law by the t'nlted States, It Is recalled that in ternational law, as Speaker Keed once re- niaraeu or parliamentary law, "Is not axe exact science;" that it Is made and amend ed from time to time by nations able to support their views, and that the United htatea has as sound a right to apply this doctrine to American affairs as had some of the Kumpean powers by combination to regulate affairs in Kuropeand force their views upon Oriental nations. It is Ira prubaWs that Secretary Olney wUl make a response to Lord Salisbury's notes at this time beyond a mere formal acknowl edgment of their receipt, and the presi dent ptobably will await the action of congress upon his suggestion looking to a commission before proceeding further with the negotiations. Had Bis Mtad Fall Made l a The message of President Cleveland was prepared with remarkable rapidity, con sidering the length of the document and the Importance of the subject treated. The president wrote every line of it with out having recourse to dictation. Return ing to Washington Sunday afternoon he had a conference with Secretary Olney and Secretary Lamoot that night and then, sitting down to h i desk, he worked unremittingly until nearly 4 o'clock Mon day morning. The result was fifteen pa'es of manuscript In the president's p euliarlr small h nd, and It was all in print Iwl jre II o'clock that same morning. KM ATOM mscrH TBI OCTLOOK. Wfll Hat Adjoara foe the BaHdars Catll Commltlae. lis la Shape. WAsniXOTon, Deo, The greater por tion of the caucus of Republican senators was devoted to a discussion of the Venexu srlnn question as presented by the presi de at'f message. This matter was brought up In connection with a renewal by Sen ator Llfe of his suggestion that the sen ate sboutd not. In view of the critical stats est affairs, adjourn for the holidays until the committors should be completely equipped for action In ease the necessity should arise. A large number of speeches were mde. after which It was announced aa the sentiment of the caucus that there sbanJU be no adjournment nntll the com' mtttoas should be perfected. Mitchell, as rhairmaM of the caucus commlu-e, was authorised to present this view to the Ltsnorratte senators and Impress upon tl-ewi the necessity fur speedy action la maklna their committee assignment. All tlie speakers spoke of the situation M K.-BTV Lodge dwelt upon the especial iiau'T for having the foreign relations commttM In full working order. The opinion waa very general, however, that congress should be fully prepared for aad akuulrt n ike its own In instigation. It waa aaaxastted that England sola aaosf the MMsloaat auiraaiss an an aw sna proceed immediately to push her troops Into the disputed territory and It was asked what the United States would do in that event in case the question should be still tied up In the hands of a commission. There was some reference to the bill passed in the house appropriating money for the proposed commission, and the opinion was expressed that the bill should go to committee for amendment. The Democratic steering committee of the sen ate held its first tneetinir for tha mmlilm. tion of tbs Republican committee assign- ueuir uH, x oe committee wiu meet again todaV. but It Is not halievMl he anv nt th. members that It will ha nnealhla n mm. pleta its work before the holiday adjourn ment. The senate onmtnllt. An fnntun varia tions has decided to sit during the holiday recess tor we consideration or the Vene suelan question In it entirety. It Is the Intention to tak tha nnMtlnn nn In all If a phases, and to that end the committee wiu nave Deiore it all tne reports and docu ments bearing upon tbs subject. The re sult of this inquiry In all probability will be a resolution defining the position of the auuee on tne Venezuelan dispute, SOU Died With a declaration of tha Mnnma doctrine. There, is a feeling on the part si some 01 tne more extreme republicans that a commission might delay and keep the matter in suspense too great time. An Illustration of the harmony on the Venezuelan allMtlnn thafc avl.ta tutanoii the two parties in congress was given in mo nouse wnen a bill to appropriate f 100,- 000 for the DrofMMU'fl mmmlulnti rainia nn. Boutclls said It should go to committee; that it Was tnn Imnwtiitit a niftftA M ha settled with leas examination than would ds given to a bill appropriating a sum of money. He declined to object, however. When bV tloinir an ha ftniilfi hava hlfM-lrari proceedings. Hltt said In effect that in this matter congress should be a unit with the president, and without further debate the bill passed unanimously. EUROPEAN VIEWS OF THK ROW. rerslst la Hellevlag That trade Saan Is Not la Real rTarasst, Loxdox, Dec. !. The president's mes sage is still the topic of earnest talk and discussion. British papers continue to be lieve that the message does not represent the real views of the American people. and that It la largely ante-election "bun combe." Still there is not the slightest sign of a disposition to advocate a backdown on the part of England. The view taken Is that the United States has demanded what no self-respecting nation could con cede and that war would bo preferrable to concession. All. however, declare that war between the two countries would be a gigantic crime. An Incident of great interest was the at tendance of Ambassador davard at she banquet of the Actors' fund. Hero Bayard was received with great applause, all the speeches breathed a spirit of friendship for tho people of the United States, and Bay ard was visibly moved. In responding to a toast Bayard said: "Tonight We are on common ground, and there Is no sea be tween us.. There are somo things It Is ltn- posslDle to divide. - - - Guntlemen. It could not be. We cannot be divided. Them arc children of the brain and of the heart and of a common ancestry. I do not think that thiy will ever be permitted to die. I will ausvrer for mr kindred and your kindred beyond the sea." He was enthusiastically cheered. In Germany the papers tato the same tone as In Kngland. Count von Kanltz, the Agrarian leaUi-r, said: "The United States seems to ba untiillniv fltr fii.hi he mny get her hand full." In Paris La I rnn or aays: "Tho United States will obtain complote satisfaction by the vigor ous attitude. Great Britain is only strong witn the weak." Tho Temps says a war between the two nations would be a crime against humanity, but that the United States' demands are Inaduiisslblo and the president's pretensions arrogant. Nearly all tho papers German and French twit Kngland with being "isolated." INTERNATIONAL LAWYER'S VIEW. Prat. Weots-y. af Tale, Hays the President Is All Wrong. XlW HATES, Dec. 19 Professor Theo dore S. Woolsey, who holds the chair of in ternational law in the Vale law school, speaking of the president's message on the Venezuela dispute, said: "The president has been ill-advised. When he says that the dispute between Great Britain and Venezuela Is dangerous to our national safety he says that which everybody knows tone ridiculous. The president emphasizes unduly a single phrase of the Monroe doc trine, without taking Into account the special circumstances which the Monroe doctrine waa Intended to meet. In the whole matter the Monroe doctrine should be kept out of sight as Inapplicable, and the question should be argued on grounds of national policy. "The president Bads his offer of arbitra tion declined. He now announces himself as a mediator. But the mediator known to international law must be accepted by both parties, who are also both free to re ject bis decision. .In this case neither party made the president a mediator, and he announces his intention to enforce -a decision. He Is therefore not a mediator; hut a dictator. Compulsory mediation In this case is aa mnch out of place as would bars been a similar proposition In our northwest and northeast boundary dis putes." Professor Woolsey said he re garded England's refusal of arbitration In the matter as a mistake. Opiates off Another Prafessar. BosTOX, Dec. 13. J. H. Beale, Jr., pro feasor of International law at Harvard, says it is erroneous to believe that the president's assertions In the Venesuelan question are justified by International law. They are merely an affirmation of a national policy. As to the enforcement of tbs doctrine by this government "by every means In its power," Professor Beale says: "Fjroe to the only tribunal ek-h ran pass on the question, it being admitted that no principle of Internation al law Is Involved." Professor Beale referred to tho fact that the Monroe doctrine, adopted by this coun try at the suggestion of Kugland to thwart the designs of tha "holy alliance," pleased Kngland tbeb, bat I tho present case tha boot appears to he en the other leg. When asked to dta a precedent. If any existed, for President Cleveland's action. Professor Beale referred to the controversy between it ana France nvar tha ce nt atsanoaa MsTlilllaa's BIG FIGHT IS NEAR That Deceive Battle in Cuba Seems Approaching.' TR00P3 MOYIHG TO THE FROST. Spaniards Gettlag Gradually IMrtaara of the Forces af la Striking Maaaa Report That tha Latter May Bave a Fire la tha Rear Story as n Fight In Which Less Than 3,000 Span lards Beat 3,000 Rebels. Havasa, Deo. 19.-Late last evening It was stated that the insurgent forces under Gomez and Macao were in a critical titua tlon In their advance upon the province of Matanzas, and that they were requesting the other insurgent leaders to send them assistance. The Insurgent army is now on the borders of the provinces of Matan zas and Santa Clara. It numbers about 0,000 men, and to accompanied by about 100 mules loaded with ammuultlon and dynamite. The insurgents also hava two mountain guns with them. A. fores of 1.8J0 Insurgents under Zayas and Lino Perez has started to reinforce the Gomez Maceo army. The report that Gomez had his horse shot under him at the battle of Amptalie Is confirmed. The Insurgents admit having lost 878 men in that engage ment. That Decisive Battle Coming In Bight, General Luque has defeated, between Rodas and San Marios, the Insurgents un der Cabrera with heavy loss. General Campos was at Colon on his way to Ma tanzas. General Navarro, with reinforce ments from Santa Clara, has arrived, at Colon. General Ardecon and Colonel I pez flaro are on their way at the head, of' detachments of troops to join General Navarro at Colon. Other detachments of troops ate being posted at different strate gic points -long the border of the ' prov ince of Matanzas and the province of Santa Clara, where It Is expected a deci sive engagement will be fought. The in surgents after entering the province of Matanzas, will have to meet a strong force of Spanish troops, who will on that nar row part or the island attempt to stop their advance. May Got Betweea Tes Fires. Besides, it Is believed, other Spanish troops will follow up the insurgents and the latter may be caught between the two fires. According to official announcements there have been further cases of outrag ing of women and girls In the province of Matanzas, and the civil guards are said to have captured four of the criminals, who belong to a band of Insurgents; Savea Hoars f Fighting Report.' -The combined columns of troops com manded by General Cunellas and Colonel Bacuueri. amounting to about 660 men in each column, and consisting of the battal ions of Simancaa and Luchana,' in addi tion to a detachment of guerrillas and civil guards and some artillery, have fought and routed successively at Palma rito, Ramon, Taguos and Tortlna, the in surgent forces commanded by Jose Maceo, rtonl and feriquito Perez, amounting to 3,0 )0 well armed men, thoroughly supplied with ammunition. The fighting is said to have lasted seven hours, and the Span ish forces are said to have captured Insur gent positions that were believed to be Im pregnable. Insurgent a Entirely Boated. The Spanish artillery did very good work during tho battle, and although the Insurgents made strong resistance, intend ing to penetrate into the zone of Guantan- a m a, they were defeated In their object and entirely routed, leaving on the field forty-six dead and retiring with 900 more of their killed and wounded. On the side of the troops Captain Juan Garcia, Lieu tenants Bernallis and Vernrndo Acevedo, ur. foiuis, and Veterinary surgeon Cos tilla were wounded. Seventeen privates were killed nd fifty-three were wounded. The View Shipbuilder Cramp Takes, Philadelphia, Dec. 19. Charles H. Cramp, of the shipbuilding firm, says: "Tho president's message is just so strong as it represents the national strength on the sea. Without a single battleship it would be weak and beneath notice; with one such vessel it would demand some at tention, and so on as the number In creases until, if backed up by twenty. It would be unanswerable." He then enu merates twelve vessels we have that can be denominated battleships and says the strength of thtAmessage can be estimated Ii?m them. Bow to Roast tha Saeenlent Oyster. . Select large oysters and have them crabbed thoroughly, then place them in the oven in a large tin with the round side of the shells down, so that when they open the liquor will not be lost As socn as they do open remove the up per shell, uprinVlo them with salt, pep per and chopped parsley, add a little butter and serve hot as possible on a bed of water cress. Oysters served in this way make an excellent first course at dinner if accompanied by thin slices of brown bread and butter. Ladies' Homo Journal. Bight la Lisa. "If there is anything I like," said he to his wife, "it is a woman who knows enough to be a good listener." Whereat the servant girl at the keyhole could not repress a smile of satisfaction. Albany Argus. ' - , Tbe most Reneronj vine, if not pruned, runs out into many superfluous stems and grows at last weak and fruitless ; to doth the best man if be be not cut short in his desires and pruned with af flictions. Bishop HalL Corpse once meant a body, whether living or dead. Many old writs are ex tant in whirli the sheriff or his deputy is commanded to laing tbe corpse of oca a man into court . Aa authority oa cats says that blue eyed cats arc always deaf and that pur whit ones are afflicted in tbe same STATE OF AFFAIRS IN TURKEY, Sltoation Sa Intolerable That tha Pmrars Mast Art Very San. Coxstaxtivom.f, LX-c. )u. The embas sies of the powers are still receiving , de tailed reports from; different parts of Anatolia, and - it appears to be recognized on all aides here that la view of the Intolerable state of affairs pre vailing in ceraun parts or Astatic Turkey the powers cannot much longer remain In active. This view is based upon the the ory that although tbe disorders may be suppressed the powers wU be compelled to Intervene in order to secure the pun nisbment of those who have been guilty of massacreuig tne imnsxtans. - It to believed that no effective measures for the alleviation of, prevailing distress, or calculated to quell the growing discon tent of the Turkish subjects of the sultan will be taken until the powers intervene actively in the administration of the em pire. This feeling of discontent la un doubtedly growing In Intensity,- and spreading to nearly all parts of the sul tan's domains. ' The events of the past year or so .seem to have opened the eyes of even the old Turks to' the weakness of the sultan's rule. : As day after day passes and there Is no news of any importance direct from Zel toun the feeling of anxiety as to the fata of the Armenians who are holding that town against the Turks Increases, tbe darkest forebodings are heard on all sides, and nobody here would be astonished at the news of a terrialo massacre of the Ar menians of that city. The strongest rep resentations have been made to the ports on this subject, and the usual assurance that the insurgents will be treated with humanity have bean given, (but for all that the worst is fenred. ' Oeergia FapaHsss Bold a Convaatten. Atlanta, Dec. it. The state conven tion of the Populist party met here In the hall of the house of Representatives for the purpose of appointing delegates' to the next national convention. The feature of the meeting was a snub to General Corey, who came near being refused an Invitation to speak. He was not even Invited to a seat on the stand, but occupied unnoticed seat near tbe door. Illiaois Coal Property Te Be Sato, Tatlosville, Dec lb. In the circuit court judgments in fureclosure were en tered against the Edlnburg, Ills., Coat Mining company for a total of ts2,H, and the property of the company will be sold to satisfy these judgntents. Dividend In Baltimore aad Ohte, .. New York, Dec U The directors of the Baltimore, and Ohio railmarl hnra A. olared the regular semi-annual dividend of S" per cent, on the preferred stock payable Jan.. . ; . Chicago Tung Shoots with Precision. - Chicago, Dec. lU.-Vhilo in a notorious house in South Green street last night Harry Da Wolf was shot through the head by Fred Blondin, an ex-convict . The lat ter then tiirafxl Mm u-..u ...,, w..w tiJIWU Uliumt and sent a bullet into his own head. De- won uiea at the county hospital shortly after and his Slaver Ilea at. Mia aatna r,l.. with little chance of riving. Murder for Thirty Cents. , -, rmmiTiti ru..ltt A Ti a a -'", Mfrt aA IK UttUHf HW miles from thto 'pufc Douglas Bicker fired at his nephew. Postmaster Jesse Har sock. The ball missed the postmaster, but struck his son, Jesse Harsock, aged in, Kuiing mm instantly. The quarrel was over thirty cents. Gotham Has a 350,000 Flra. New York. Dec. 19. The six-story building, 105, 107,. 103 and 111 Wooster street, was practically gutted by fire last night and the damage to the structure is estimated at ti:50,00a Women Make tha Beat Teachers when they are well, but being on their feet and coin or am and linsi stairs cause derangements, which ouuermine strength, "patience and tact Zoa-Phora cure all such de rangements. Sold hv T. H. Thnmsa and Marshall t Fisher. : AbMlutely Pur. eeai of tartar ksktac pewdsr. 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Dam FDMtDTQ & Garpt Co., " 1-4. 3W, 333 Brady St, DAVEXPOBTj For an Overcoat or Ulster There is No We can show you three times as many as any house in the city, and prices, you know us, TJndoKeJJingEveiytodyon Evcoytlilng HALE Eld r-r If (h AM' Old age can be obtained by the proper use of in vigorating tonics. The Rock Island Brewing Co's products are' all the results of scientific labor and the most improved apparatus, preserving in the highest degree the health giving qualities of the beverage. Bcckllwl BOTTLED GOODS A SPECIALTY. phone lots. Place Like the Big Store a snW Breif C:.::t::. tib Hever tela at each arises. TBm ajsaa'sclarsrs triors sal tars. Cants, Ckaks. aits, Trlat anng. acerfs, Csass. Meres. Basts. ., tie. rsrv eM fsr radved. As an fertamttr Miasm tfml Furriers and Ladle Tailors. 210-221 W. Second St. p-vvurcsT. HEART!